CN102388768B - Awning and rain-sheltering shed with climbing plants and building method thereof - Google Patents

Awning and rain-sheltering shed with climbing plants and building method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102388768B
CN102388768B CN201110253988.9A CN201110253988A CN102388768B CN 102388768 B CN102388768 B CN 102388768B CN 201110253988 A CN201110253988 A CN 201110253988A CN 102388768 B CN102388768 B CN 102388768B
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China
Prior art keywords
building
transparent water
frame
plant
shed
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CN201110253988.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102388768A (en
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王健
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王健
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Publication of CN102388768A publication Critical patent/CN102388768A/en
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Publication of CN102388768B publication Critical patent/CN102388768B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an awning and rain-sheltering shed with climbing plants and a building method thereof. The shed comprises a support column and a shed top. The shed top comprises a support frame and a transparent water-proof plate which is paved on the support frame, and the outer surface of the transparent water-proof plate is provided with an attaching ring on which the climbing plants climb. The building method of the green shed of the invention comprises the following steps: 1) erecting the support column 1; 2) selecting the plant variety; 3) building the planting grooves 6; 4) filling the planting soil; 5) building the arched support frame; 6) paving the transparent water-proof plate; 7) arranging the attaching ring; 8) planting the plants. The natural shed of the invention not only shields sunlight and keeps the rain off, but also increases the city green coverage and beautifies the city environment. If the shed of the invention is erected on the rooftops of the high-rise buildings, the operation time of the air conditioner at the top layer is reduced, and the power supply is effectively saved. The invention is suitably popularized and applied to side pavements, open station platforms, overpasses and roofs on the rooftops of the buildings in cities.

Description

A kind of Anti-Typhoon rattan plant frame building method of climbing

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of rattan plant frame and building method thereof of climbing, particularly a kind of not only can sunshade but also able to keep out the rain rattan plant sun-shading rain-proof frame and the building method thereof of climbing.

background technology

The existing frame that can be used for sun-shading rain-proof as ceiling, conventionally there are two kinds, a kind ofly be by framework and climb the green frame that rattan plant forms, this frame normally adopts built on stilts method to build, even and if the frame that built on stilts method is built into also can only be for keeping the sun off after plant climbs completely, cannot keep off the rain, when rainy, cannot become the place of taking shelter from rain; And in growing process, constantly have deadwood and rotten leaf to fall, can affect urban road health, so this green frame is not used widely so far.Another is the frame being built into by glass or methacrylate sheet, though this kind of place that frame can be done and be kept off the rain cannot increase the Afforestation Landscape in city, and effect of heat insulation is poor, under burning sun is exposed to the sun, cannot stand under it for a long time at all.How above-mentioned two kinds of frames are combined, make full use of advantage separately, be still so far a difficult problem for industry, because the ceiling that lucite is built into, surface is too smooth, climbs in rattan growing process and is blown off once meeting strong wind and heavy rain, cannot be fixedly attached to its superficial growth at all.

summary of the invention

The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of afforest city, simultaneously can supply sunshade, take shelter from rain climb rattan plant sun-shading rain-proof frame and building method thereof.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the rattan plant sun-shading rain-proof frame of climbing of the present invention, comprise support column and ceiling, described ceiling comprises support frame and is layed in the transparent water fender on support frame, and the outer surface of transparent water fender is provided with for climbing the attachment band that rattan plant seeks connections with.

Above-mentioned attachment band criss-cross arrangement is on transparent water fender, and its line-spacing is 40~60cm, and col width is 20~40cm, and it is 2.5~4cm that the internal diameter of attachment band is preferably internal diameter.

Described transparent watertight plate is layed in the middle of support frame, and between edge, the transparent watertight plate left and right sides and limit, the support frame left and right sides at a distance of 30~50CM.

The present invention also comprises that symmetry is built and is built under described ceiling the left and right sides for planting the planting groove of climbing rattan plant.

Described ceiling is arch or triangle, thereby the deadwood and rotten leaf that accumulates in transparent ceiling in growing process just can be fallen the planting groove being arranged under ceiling by rainwater punching while meeting rainwater, ceiling need not manually clean and just can keep clean, and the deadwood and rotten leaf falling with rainwater also can be used as the required fertilizer of plant growth

The cultivation method of building of the present invention comprises the following steps:

1) erect support column, the place dual-side of building sun-shading rain-proof frame at need is symmetrical arranged the support column with enough support forces;

2) select plant variety, select that climbing ability is strong, the plant variety of fast growth;

3) build and build planting groove, depend on support column foot and establish so that institute's Plants can be sought connections with in upwards growth of support column;

4) fill out planting soil, in above-mentioned planting groove, fill out slaking anthropogenic soil in small, broken bits;

5) build arch or triangular support framework, these support frame both sides are tilted to is down convenient to deadwood and rotten leaf to be discharged in above-mentioned planting groove;

6) lay transparent water fender, transparent water fender is layed on above-mentioned support frame and reserves room, both sides for plant growth so that it is grown to transparent water fender top after first enwinding support frame again;

7) arrange for plant and be wound around the attachment band with fixed growth, be arranged on above-mentioned transparent water fender;

8) planting, uses conventional methods the selected kind of step 1 is planted in planting groove near support column place.

In above-mentioned steps 6, transparent water fender both sides of the edge and support frame two are 30~50cm to the distance between the edge of lower side.

The crisscross setting of attachment band in above-mentioned steps 7, its line-spacing is 40~60cm, distance is 20~40cm between left and right.

In above-mentioned steps 8, the time of planting is annual March~May, and the kind of plantation is a kind of in the fruit of Rangoon creeper, honeysuckle, passionflower, firecracker flower, night fragrant flower, evergreen mucuna, Mucuna birdwoodiana.

Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:

The present invention adopts the method be provided for climbing the attachment band that rattan plant is wound around on ceiling, solve existing in the glass ceiling problem that rattan plant cannot firmly grow of swashing, inventor points out, it was through the continuous test of 5 years, when rattan plant growth is climbed in discovery, can initiatively pass attachment band and be wound around growth, through constantly growth, can firmly snarl attachment band, thereby can firmly on smooth transparent water fender surface, firmly grow, even run into powerful typhoon, the plant depending on transparent water fender was also never blown off.Particularly, ceiling of the present invention adopts the downward-sloping domes in both sides, when meeting rainwater, the deadwood and rotten leaf that accumulates in so transparent ceiling in growing process just can be fallen the planting groove being arranged under ceiling by rainwater punching, ceiling need not manually clean and just can keep clean, and the deadwood and rotten leaf falling with rainwater also can be used as the required fertilizer of plant growth.Climb rattan plant growth on transparent water fender; both the function that had made frame of the present invention possess sunshade simultaneously and keep off the rain; also can avoid falling leaves and affecting the problem of city or view health in plant production process; make frame of the present invention can be applied in a large number the places such as roof, pavement or station, particularly, when the present invention builds on roof; both roof balcony can be transformed into the wayside pavilion of having a rest for people; can reduce the service time of top layer air-conditioning, save power supply, protection of the environment simultaneously.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is not structural representation during planting plants of frame of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation after frame planting plants of the present invention.

Embodiment

As shown in Figure 1, the rattan plant sun-shading rain-proof frame of climbing of the present invention comprises support column 1 and ceiling 2, ceiling mainly consists of support frame 3 and transparent water fender 4, transparent water fender 4 is layed on support frame 3, can be used for keeping off the rain can prevent that again in growing process, deadwood and rotten leaf drops on the ground simultaneously, thereby increases environment maintenance cost.The structure that ceiling 2 is high in the middle of preferably adopting, both sides are low, for example, arch, triangle, this structure is convenient to rainwater the positive punching of the deadwood and rotten leaf on transparent water fender 4 is fallen in the planting groove of the low both sides of canopy.

For making plant firm attachment on smooth transparent water fender face, while avoiding process of growth to meet typhoon, blown off, the outer surface of transparent water fender 4 is provided with for climbing the attachment band 5 that rattan plant seeks connections with.For reaching best adhesion effect, attachment band 5 criss-cross arrangements are arranged on transparent water fender 4, and Optimum row spacing is 40~60cm, and row are apart from being 20~40cm, and attachment band internal diameter is 2.5~4cm, is preferably 3cm.Through inventor, experiment showed, for many years when climbing rattan plant growth on ceiling time, when its antenna runs into attachment band, can initiatively pass and be wound around this ring and grow.

For making plant, climb up smoothly ceiling growth, transparent watertight plate 4 is preferably layed in the middle of support frame 3, the room that reserves both sides can make plant first be wound around support frame 3 growths, the width in this room is 30~50cm, length is the length of side of support frame, and the distance between transparent watertight plate 4 edges, the left and right sides and support frame 3 limits, the left and right sides is 30~50cm.

For planting planting groove 6 symmetries of climbing rattan plant, build and be built under ceiling 2 left and right sides, also can just can according to the position of the good planting groove 6 of actual environmental planning.

The building method of the above-mentioned green frame for sun-rain-shading comprises the following steps:

1) erect support column 1, selection need be built frame for the place of sun-rain-shading or fine view, and then the size of the good frame of first planning and designing, is symmetrical arranged the support column with enough support forces at dual-side; Required support column is determined according to building place, if built on ground, can adopt the mixed earth of reinforcing bar to build, if on roof or overline bridge, preferably adopts stainless steel tube to build, and base for post can be reinforced with flower base or flower bed.

2) select plant variety, select that climbing ability is strong, the plant variety of fast growth, for example: the fruit of Rangoon creeper, honeysuckle, passionflower, firecracker flower, night fragrant flower, evergreen mucuna, Mucuna birdwoodiana, a kind of plantation of the above-mentioned kind of the optional use of same frame.

3) build and build planting groove 6, planting groove 6 preferably arranges near support column foot, so that institute's Plants can be sought connections with upwards growth of support column in it, as Fig. 2, can accelerate so the upwards speed of growth of plant.

4) fill out planting soil, in above-mentioned planting groove 6, fill out the slaking anthropogenic soil in small, broken bits that is suitable for climbing rattan plant growth.

5) build arch or triangular support framework 3, these support frame both sides are tilted to is down convenient to deadwood and rotten leaf to be discharged in above-mentioned planting groove, to keep ceiling clean.

6) lay transparent water fender 4, transparent water fender 4 is layed on above-mentioned support frame 3 and reserves room, both sides for plant growth, can first enwind support frame growth when plant is climbed up ceiling like this, and then to transparent water fender 4 top growths; Transparent water fender 4 can adopt organic sunlight board.

7) attachment band 5 is set, on transparent water fender, crisscross setting for plant is wound around the attachment band 5 with fixed growth;

8) planting, uses conventional methods the selected kind of step 1 is planted in planting groove and near support column.

Plant is preferably chosen in to be planted annual 3~May between spring and summer, while just transplanting, in case of a day drought will be watered more, after transplanting survival, substantially just without rewatering.Planting groove 6 must be symmetrical arranged with frame both sides under so that the symmetrical plantation on frame both sides, plant is climbed up after ceiling almost simultaneously to ceiling interstitial growth, avoid ceiling load-bearing inhomogeneous.Each frame is only planted a Plants, and its growth rate is just almost consistent like this.The plant growth initial stage allows it to opposite side, grow as far as possible, after waiting its growth certain hour arrival ceiling to cross, will mutually be wound around, and forms a natural GreenNet, has very strong fastness.

Particularly, 3 liang of transparent water fender 4 both sides of the edge and support frames, to needing to reserve the room that width is 30~50cm between the edge of lower side, can first enwind support frame growth naturally when plant is climbed up ceiling like this, can greatly increase adhesive force, enhancing is to strong wind, particularly the resistance of typhoon.

The best crisscross setting of attachment band 5, its line-spacing is 40~60cm, row distance is 20~40cm.

Build while building planting groove 6, if build, be built on cement flooring, its groove is low should offer osculum, for moisture unnecessary in drain tank, avoids groove implants root system to be steeped rotten.Owing to climbing, rattan root system of plant is more flourishing, and during roof plantation, flower bed or flower basal part will be set up waterproof construction, can reserve osculum in planting groove side bottom, and planting groove bottom needs to put fertilizer more.

Claims (3)

1. an Anti-Typhoon building method of climbing rattan plant frame, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
1) erect support column, the place dual-side of building sun-shading rain-proof frame at need is symmetrical arranged the support column with enough support forces;
2) select that climbing ability is strong, the plant variety of fast growth, selected kind be that the fruit of Rangoon creeper, honeysuckle, passionflower, firecracker are colored, a kind of in night fragrant flower, evergreen mucuna, Mucuna birdwoodiana;
3) build and build planting groove, depend on support column foot and establish so that institute's Plants can be sought connections with in upwards growth of support column;
4) fill out planting soil, in above-mentioned planting groove, fill out slaking anthropogenic soil in small, broken bits;
5) build arch or triangular support framework, these support frame both sides are tilted to is down convenient to deadwood and rotten leaf to be discharged in above-mentioned planting groove;
6) lay transparent water fender, transparent water fender is layed on above-mentioned support frame and reserves room, both sides for plant growth so that it is grown to transparent water fender top after first enwinding support frame again;
7) attachment band is set, this attachment band is arranged on above-mentioned transparent water fender and is wound around growth for plant, the crisscross setting of described attachment band, and its line-spacing is 40~60cm, distance is 20~40cm between left and right;
8) planting, when annual March~May, uses conventional methods the selected kind of step 2 is planted in planting groove near support column place.
2. the Anti-Typhoon rattan plant frame building method of climbing according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described attachment band internal diameter is 2.5~4cm.
3. the Anti-Typhoon rattan plant frame building method of climbing according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described step 6, transparent water fender both sides of the edge and support frame two are 30~50cm to the distance between the edge of lower side.
CN201110253988.9A 2011-08-29 2011-08-29 Awning and rain-sheltering shed with climbing plants and building method thereof CN102388768B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN102388768B true CN102388768B (en) 2014-09-17

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CN104186244B (en) * 2014-08-21 2016-07-13 江苏三维园艺有限公司 Civilian dress type public bicycles sunshade flower stand website
CN104170629A (en) * 2014-08-21 2014-12-03 江苏三维园艺有限公司 Mobile arch-type flower stand
CN104719031A (en) * 2015-03-27 2015-06-24 湖南一建园林景观有限公司 Bus stop landscape frame
CN105210792B (en) * 2015-10-15 2019-01-08 泰顺县瓯泰猕猴桃专业合作社 A kind of many years are incorporated as the building method of the frame of object
CN105557433A (en) * 2016-01-14 2016-05-11 湖南省森林植物园 Method for quick greening by means of Chinese wistaria on double-shoulder pergola
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CN107409839B (en) * 2017-05-26 2020-08-28 靳职雄 Watermelon cultivation sunshade rattan frame
CN107740603B (en) * 2017-10-31 2019-06-04 温州绿水青市政园林工程有限公司 A kind of awning device in gardens

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CN1070308A (en) * 1992-09-04 1993-03-31 李文圳 Device for inducing and assisting trailing plant growth
CN2376187Y (en) * 1999-06-25 2000-05-03 林荣灿 Improved structure for rainproof trellis of orchard
CN1795710A (en) * 2004-12-22 2006-07-05 李忠义 Technique for planting notoginseng in elevated light adjustable sunshade mesh shed
CN2896858Y (en) * 2006-04-07 2007-05-09 张全英 Grape rainproof shed
CN200969797Y (en) * 2006-08-01 2007-11-07 云南农业大学 Cultivating shed frame for preventing grape disease and pest

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CN109121794A (en) * 2018-07-19 2019-01-04 罗魁 A kind of gardens solar protection devices for being convenient for being assembled into alameda
CN109121794B (en) * 2018-07-19 2020-09-11 上海园林(集团)有限公司 Gardens are with solar protection devices who is convenient for assemble into canopy track

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