CN102387206A - Synthesis method and system of concurrent request of Web service - Google Patents

Synthesis method and system of concurrent request of Web service Download PDF

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CN102387206A
CN102387206A CN 201110322748 CN201110322748A CN102387206A CN 102387206 A CN102387206 A CN 102387206A CN 201110322748 CN201110322748 CN 201110322748 CN 201110322748 A CN201110322748 A CN 201110322748A CN 102387206 A CN102387206 A CN 102387206A
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web service
request
server
client
http
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CN 201110322748
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Chinese (zh)
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田传武
盛弘
艾顺刚
范同祥
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镇江睿泰信息科技有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a synthesis method and system of a concurrent request of a Web service. The method mainly comprises the following steps of combining information in information arrays into an HTTP (Hyper Text Transport Protocol) request through a request synthesizer and sending the HTTP request into a server end; the HTTP request on a network is sent by a client in each time so that the bandwidth is saved and the performance and the throughput of the server are improved. Through combining client requests by the system, the result data of a plurality of times can be returned in one HTTP response for one time; correspondingly, a plurality of times of HTTP responses are waited and the results are combined; when the result is obtained for one time in the process of waiting for the response for one time, the system is higher in efficiency and is more reliable. Meanwhile, the waiting time of a user can be shortened to a greater extent and the data transmission failure caused by unstable network and the like can be effectively reduced, so that the user experience can be greatly improved and enhanced.

Description

一种Web服务并发请求合成方法及系统 Synthesis of concurrent requests for Web service method and system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种远程Web服务并发请求合成方法及系统,适用于云计算、分布式应用系统中服务器性能与客户端用户体验的优化。 [0001] The present invention relates to a remote Web service request concurrent synthesis method and system for computing cloud, optimize the performance of a distributed application server and the client user experience.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 当今Web应用大多采用异步远程服务调用(例如AJAX)的方式来提升用户体验, 以达到操作流畅的富客户端效果,其结果是同一客户端的并发请求数大幅增加。 [0002] Most of today's Web applications using asynchronous remote service call (such as AJAX) ways to enhance the user experience, to achieve a smooth rich client operating results, the result is the same concurrent client requests a substantial increase. 服务器端为响应每一次客户端请求都需要分配相应的网络、CPU、存储等资源,因此开销大幅增大,服务器处理并发客户数的能力相对降低。 In response to the server each time the client requests need to allocate corresponding network, CPU, memory and other resources, the cost is greatly increased and therefore, the number of concurrent client server processing capacity is relatively reduced. 现有技术一种是采取排队控制方法,并约束同一客户端的最大并发请求数,这种方法有效降低了单位时间内的并发请求总数,但并未提高服务器的处理能力。 One is the line taken by the prior art control method, and bound by the same client the maximum number of concurrent requests, this method effectively reduces concurrency in the total number of requests per unit of time, but did not increase the processing capacity of the server. 另一种要求开发人员手动设计实现合理的Web服务接口,提高单个服务对网络和计算资源的利用率,这种方法对开发人员技能要求高、实施难度大。 Another manual requires developers to design Web service interface to achieve a reasonable, improve the utilization of a single service network and computing resources, this method is high skill requirements for developers, difficult to implement.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 发明目的:本发明的目的在于针对上述现有技术中存在的问题和不足提供一种手动或自动合并客户端、提高服务器的处理能力和客户端响应速度的Web服务并发请求合成方法。 [0003] Object of the invention: object of the present invention is to provide a combined manual or automatic client for the above-described prior art problems and shortcomings, to improve the processing capacity of the server and the client response speed Web service request concurrent synthesis. 同时本发明还提供一种对设计要求低、容易实现、用户体验好的Web服务并发请求合成方法的系统。 The invention also provides a low design requirements, easy to implement, a good user experience, concurrent requests a Web service system synthetic methods.

[0004] 技术方案:一种Web服务并发请求合成方法,包括如下步骤: [0004] The technical solutions: A method of synthesis of concurrent requests a Web service, comprising the steps of:

[0005] (1)用户界面上的Web服务请求经过Web服务代理,先进入消息队列等待; [0005] (1) Web service request via a user interface on the Web service proxy, the message queue waiting to enter;

[0006] (2)在当前没有发起HTTP请求(远程请求)且服务器不繁忙时,请求合成器将消息队列中的消息合并成一个HTTP请求数据包发送到服务器端; [0006] (2) does not initiate an HTTP request (remote request) and when the server is not busy, the message queue message request synthesizer combined into an HTTP request packet to the server at the current;

[0007] (3)服务器再从HTTP请求数据包中分解出Web服务请求队列,通过与客户端一致的Web服务接口用于定义、识别并执行服务器端的业务逻辑; [0007] (3) the server request packet and then decomposed Web service requests from the queue HTTP, a consistent client Web service interface for defining, identifying and executing a server-side business logic;

[0008] (4)执行完成后,执行的结果同步返回响应合成模块,并按照预定义的规则合并成为一个数据包返回给客户端; After [0008] (4) execution is completed, the result of the execution of the synchronization synthesis module returns a response, and combined according to a predefined rule becomes a packet back to the client;

[0009] (5)客户端收到服务器端的响应后,按照相应的规则分解响应数据包,并异步调用用户界面程序传入的回调函数。 [0009] (5) client after the server receives the response, the response data packet in accordance with the respective decomposition rules, and a user interface program incoming asynchronous calls a callback function.

[0010] 当前没有发起HTTP请求(远程请求)且服务器不繁忙时,请求合成器将消息队列中的消息合并成一个HTTP请求发送到服务器端,每次客户端都会发起一次网络上的HTTP 请求,但是每个HTTP数据包中除了用户所请求的数据之外,还包含了固定的一定数据量的协议相关数据(如请求行,头部信息等),将多次异步请求合并成一个请求在一次HTTP请求中发送,相对发送多次HTTP请求来讲,无疑是对网络带宽的极大节省。 [0010] There are currently no initiating HTTP request (remote request) and when the server is not busy, the message queue message request synthesizer combined into an HTTP request sent to the server, each client will initiate a HTTP request on the network, but each HTTP packets other than the data requested by the user, further comprising a fixed amount of data protocol data (e.g., request line, header information, etc.), multiple asynchronous requests into the request at a time HTTP request sent, send multiple HTTP requests relatively speaking, it is undoubtedly a great save network bandwidth. 通过合并客户端请求,可将多次请求的结果数据在一次HTTP响应中一次性返回,相对等待多次HTTP响应并将结果进行组合,等待一次响应并一次性拿到结果会更有效率并且更加可靠。 By combining the client request, the resulting data can be multiple times during a one-time request to return the HTTP response, the HTTP response relative waiting times and the results are combined, and waits for a response-time to get results more efficient and more reliable. 这样可以很大程度上缩短用户的等待时间,并且有效减少因网络不稳定等问题所导致的数据传输失败,从而大幅度改善和提高用户体验。 This can largely shorten the waiting time for users and reduce data transfer due to network instability and other problems caused by failure to dramatically improve and enhance the user experience. 更重要的是,服务器再从HTTP请求数据包中分解出Web 服务请求队列,通过与客户端一致的Web服务接口定义、识别并执行服务器端的业务逻辑; 即服务器端针对每个HTTP请求都要分配固定的服务器资源来进行相应的操作(如开启线程并为之开辟相应的内存空间,调配CPU资源等),可有效降低请求次数,这对服务器性能和吞吐量的提升,以及提高服务器端稳定性和可靠性等方面,有着至关重要的作用。 More importantly, from the HTTP server and then request packets decomposed Web service request queue, a consistent client Web service interface definition, identify and implement business logic server; i.e., the server must be assigned for each HTTP request fixed server resources to perform a corresponding operation (such as opening a respective thread and open whom memory, CPU resource allocation, etc.), can effectively reduce the number of requests, which enhance the performance and throughput of the server, the server and improving the stability of and reliability and so on, has a vital role.

[0011] 步骤(4)中所述预定义的规则是按照发送HTTP请求时所包含的Web服务顺序,生成结果集队列。 (4) the predefined rules in [0011] Step Web service in accordance with the order contained in the HTTP request, generate a result set queue.

[0012] 步骤O)中,同一时刻仅允许发起一个HTTP请求,以节省网络带宽。 [0012] Step O), the same time only allows to initiate a HTTP request, to save network bandwidth.

[0013] 一种实现上述Web服务并发请求合成方法的系统,包括客户端和服务器端,其中, 客户端包括用户界面、Web服务代理和客户端Web服务编程接口;所述用户界面上的Web服务请求经过Web服务代理进入消息队列等待; [0013] A Web service concurrent requests to achieve the above synthesis system, comprising a client and a server, wherein the client comprises a user interface, and the Web service client Web proxy service programming interface; Web services on the user interface request through the Web service proxy into the message queue waiting;

[0014] 服务器端包括请求分发模块、响应合成模块、服务器端Web服务编程接口和Web服务实现模块;所述服务器端的请求分发模块从HTTP请求数据包中分解出Web服务请求队列;所述服务器端Web服务接口与客户端Web服务接口定义、识别并执行服务器端的业务逻辑,并将执行结果同步返回响应合成模块。 [0014] the distribution server includes a request module, in response to synthesis module, the server-side Web services and Web services implemented programming interface module; request distribution of the server module request packet decomposition Web services from the HTTP request queue; the server Web service interface and a Web service client interface definition, recognize and execute business logic on the server side, and the execution result of the synchronous synthesis module returns a response.

[0015] 通过合并客户端请求,可将多次请求的结果数据在一次HTTP响应中一次性返回, 相对等待多次HTTP响应并将结果进行组合,等待一次响应并一次性拿到结果会更有效率并且更加可靠。 [0015] By combining the client request, the resulting data can be multiple requests in a HTTP response is returned in one portion, relative waiting times and the results are combined HTTP response, and the response wait time to get the result will be more disposable efficient and more reliable. 这样可以很大程度上缩短用户的等待时间,并且有效减少因网络不稳定等问题所导致的数据传输失败,从而大幅度改善和提高用户体验。 This can largely shorten the waiting time for users and reduce data transfer due to network instability and other problems caused by failure to dramatically improve and enhance the user experience.

[0016] 所述用户界面为应用定制的Web页面。 The [0016] user interface for custom application Web page.

[0017] 所述服务器端Web服务接口和客户端Web服务接口均为应用业务逻辑编程接口, 以RESTful Web Services 的形式提供。 The [0017] Web service interface server and client Web service interfaces business logic application programming interfaces are provided in the form of a RESTful Web Services.

[0018] 有益效果:本发明所提供的Web服务并发请求合成方法,通过请求合成器将消息队列中的消息合并成一个HTTP请求发送到服务器端,每次客户端都会发起一次网络上的HTTP请求,极大节省了网络带宽。 [0018] Advantageous Effects: Web services according to the present invention provides a method of concurrent requests synthesized by the synthesizer request message in the message queue are combined into an HTTP request sent to the server, each client will initiate HTTP requests on a network greatly saves network bandwidth. 同时有效降低请求次数,提升了服务器的性能和吞吐量, 以及提高服务器端稳定性和可靠性。 While effectively reducing the number of requests, to enhance the performance and throughput of the server, the server and improving stability and reliability.

[0019] 本发明所提供的Web服务并发请求合成系统通过合并客户端请求,可将多次请求的结果数据在一次HTTP响应中一次性返回,缩短了用户的HTTP请求等待时间,并且有效减少因网络不稳定等问题所导致的数据传输失败,从而大幅度改善和提高用户体验。 [0019] Web services provided by the present invention, the composition system of concurrent requests by combining the client request, the resulting data can be multiple times during a one-time request to return the HTTP response, the HTTP request to shorten the waiting time of the user, and effectively reduce the data transmission network instability and other problems caused by failure to dramatically improve and enhance the user experience.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0020] 图1为本发明Web服务并发请求合成方法实施例的流程图; [0020] FIG 1 Web service request concurrent synthesis process flowchart of one embodiment of the present invention;

[0021] 图2为本发明Web服务并发请求合成系统实施例的工作原理图。 [0021] FIG 2 Web service concurrent requests Synthesis System Diagram embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0022] 下面结合附图和具体实施例,进一步阐明本发明,应理解这些实施例仅用于说明本发明而不用于限制本发明的范围,在阅读了本发明之后,本领域技术人员对本发明的各种等价形式的修改均落于本申请所附权利要求所限定的范围。 [0022] conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the following specific examples further illustrate the invention, it should be understood that these embodiments are illustrative only and the present invention is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, after reading this disclosure, those skilled in the art of the present invention various modifications are equivalents fall within the present application as defined in the appended claims scope.

[0023] 如图1所示,Web服务并发请求合成方法的步骤如下:[0024] 一种Web服务并发请求合成方法,其特征在于,包括如下步骤: [0023] 1, step synthesis concurrent requests a Web service as follows: [0024] A Web service request concurrent synthesis method, characterized by comprising the steps of:

[0025] 用户界面上的Web服务请求经过Web服务代理,先进入消息队列等待; [0025] Web service request via a user interface on the Web service proxy, the message queue waiting to enter;

[0026] 在当前没有发起HTTP请求且服务器不繁忙时,请求合成器将消息队列中的消息合并成一个HTTP请求发送到服务器端; [0026] does not initiate an HTTP request and the server is not busy, the request message queue synthesizer combined into a message in the current HTTP request to the server;

[0027] 默认情况下,当消息队列为空时,第一个Web服务请求不需要等待,立刻发送到客户端。 The [0027] By default, when the message queue is empty, the first request without waiting for a Web service, immediately sent to the client. 在收到响应之前,所有随后发起的请求2〜m进入等待队列,其中m的值可以根据实际情况进行测试,找出一次请求可发送的最大Web服务数的最优值进行配置,或在运行时动态判断服务器状态实时决定最大请求值,但最终必须小于部署网络中的通信最大传输单元。 Until a response is received, all subsequent requests initiated 2~m into the queue, wherein the value of m according to the actual situation can be tested to find the optimum value of the maximum number of Web service request may be sent again be configured, or run dynamically determining a real-time server status request to determine the maximum value, but ultimately deployed network must be less than the maximum transmission unit of the communication. 第一个响应返回以后,合并发送当前队列中的2〜m个HTTP请求。 After the first response back, and sending the combined current queue 2~m HTTP requests.

[0028] 同一时刻只允许发起一个批处理请求(即一个HTTP请求,请求合成器将消息队列中的消息合并成一个HTTP请求)。 [0028] the same time allowing only initiate a batch request (i.e., a HTTP request, the request message queue synthesizer combined message into an HTTP request). 客户端通过全局的开关标志,控制是否等待或发送请求。 The client via the global switch flag that controls whether to wait or send a request. 当开关开启时,所有Web服务请求都先进入队列等待,当开关关闭时,立刻发送所有请求。 When the switch is turned on, all Web service requests are the first to enter the queue, when the switch is closed, sending all requests at once.

[0029] 服务器再从HTTP请求数据包中分解出Web服务请求队列,服务器端Web服务接口与客户端Web服务接口定义、识别并执行服务器端的业务逻辑; [0029] The server then requests from the HTTP packet decomposition Web service request queue, the server and the Web service interface Web service client interface definition, identify and implement business logic server;

[0030] 执行完成后,执行结果同步返回响应合成模块,并按照发送HTTP请求时所包含的Web服务顺序生成结果集队列预定义的规则合并成为一个数据包返回给客户端; After [0030] completion of execution, the execution result of synchronization synthesis module returns a response, and generate a result set of predefined rules queue combined into a packet returned to the client in accordance with the order in which the Web service sends an HTTP request contained;

[0031] 客户端收到服务器端的响应后,按照相应的规则分解响应数据包,并异步调用用户界面程序传入的回调函数。 [0031] After the client side receives the response server, the response data packet in accordance with the respective decomposition rules, and a user interface program incoming asynchronous calls a callback function.

[0032] 如图2所示,实现上述Web服务并发请求合成方法的系统,其客户端将应用定制的Web页面作为用户界面,服务器端Web服务接口和客户端Web服务接口均为应用业务逻辑编程接口,以RESTful Web krvices的形式提供,客户端的用户界面上的Web服务请求经过Web服务代理进入消息队列等待;所述服务器端的请求分发模块从HTTP请求数据包中分解出Web服务请求队列,所述服务器端Web服务接口与客户端Web服务接口定义、识别并执行服务器端的业务逻辑,并将执行结果同步返回响应合成模块。 [0032] 2, the Web service system for implementing the above-described method of synthesis of concurrent requests that the client application custom Web pages as a user interface, a Web service interface server and client Web service interfaces are application programming business logic interface in the form of RESTful Web krvices provided, the Web service on the client user interface request through the Web service proxy into the message queue to wait; the server request distribution module request packet decomposition of Web service requests from the queue HTTP, the Web server service interface to the Web service client interface definition, recognize and execute business logic on the server side, and the execution result of the synchronous synthesis module returns a response.

[0033] 下面以AJAX请求为例,通过Javascript语言等技术表达方式,描述在当前最为流行的Web应用程序中,如何实现异步式Web服务并发请求合成系统。 [0033] Below AJAX request, for example, through technical expression Javascript language, described in the current most popular Web applications, how to implement asynchronous Web service concurrent requests synthesis system.

[0034] 实现步骤如下: [0034] The steps are as follows:

[0035] (1)客户端代码发起远程过程调用。 [0035] (1) the client code to initiate remote procedure calls.

[0036] (2)将当前远程过程调用加入到等待队列中的最后一个待调用组中,检查当前状态,是否正在等待AJAX响应,如没有正在进行的请求进入(4)。 [0036] (2) Add the current remote procedure call to the wait queue of the last call to be set, to check the current status, whether a response waiting AJAX, if there is no request in progress entry (4).

[0037] (3)如等待队列中的最后一个待调用组内已有的远程过程调用数超过指定数目(具体数目依实际情况而定),新建一个待调用组,将其加入等待队列的最后位置。 [0037] (3) a queue waiting to be the last number of remote procedure calls within the existing group call than the specified number (specific number based on the actual case may be), to be called a new group, which is added to the queue wait for the final position. 本次操作结束并等待AJAX响应,收到AJAX响应或响应失败后进入(6)。 After this operation and wait for AJAX response, or a response is received in response to failure to enter AJAX (6).

[0038] (4)将等待队列中第一个待调用组取出,根据指定规则(具体规则依实际情况而定)封装为AJAX请求。 [0038] (4) a queue waiting to be called the first group removed, packaged as AJAX request according to specified rules (specific rules depending on the actual situation).

[0039] (5)发起AJAX请求,并将当前状态置为等待AJAX响应。 [0039] (5) AJAX request, and waits for the current status to AJAX response. 本次操作结束并等待AJAX 响应,收到AJAX响应或响应失败后进入(6)。 After this operation and wait for AJAX response, or a response is received in response to failure to enter AJAX (6).

[0040] (6)解析AJAX响应结果,根据指定规则(具体规则依实际情况而定)回调客户端代码中与之前所发起的远程过程调用相关的回调方法并传回相关的返回值。 [0040] (6) in response AJAX analytical results (specific rules depending on the actual situation) client callback code initiated before a remote procedure call associated callback method according to the specified rules, and to return any return value. [0041] (7)检查等待队列,如等待队列不为空,进入G),如等待队列为空,本次操作结 [0041] (7) Check the waiting queue, such as queue is not empty, enter G), such as the queue is empty, this operation is completed

束ο Beam ο

Claims (6)

  1. 1. 一种Web服务并发请求合成方法,其特征在于,包括如下步骤:(1)用户界面上的Web服务请求经过Web服务代理,先进入消息队列等待;(2)在当前没有发起HTTP请求且服务器不繁忙时,请求合成器将消息队列中的消息合并成一个HTTP请求数据包发送到服务器端;(3)服务器再从HTTP请求数据包中分解出Web服务请求队列,服务器端Web服务接口与客户端Web服务接口用于定义、识别并执行服务器端的业务逻辑;(4)执行完成后,执行结果同步返回响应合成模块,并按照预定义的规则合并成为一个数据包返回给客户端;(5)客户端收到服务器端的响应后,按照相应的规则分解响应数据包,并异步调用用户界面程序传入的回调函数。 A Web service request concurrent synthesis method, characterized by comprising the steps of: (1) Web service request via a user interface on the Web service proxy, the message queue waiting to enter; (2) does not initiate the current HTTP request and when the server is not busy, the request synthesizer message queue messages combined into a HTTP request packet to the server; (3) the server and then request packet decomposition of Web service requests from the queue HTTP, server Web service interface and client Web service interface for defining, identifying and executing the business logic server; (4) execution is completed, the execution result returned synchronously in response to synthesis module, and combined into a packet returned to the client in accordance with a predefined rule; (5 after) client receives the response server, the response data packet in accordance with the respective decomposition rules, and a user interface program incoming asynchronous calls a callback function.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的Web服务并发请求合成方法,其特征在于:步骤中所述预定义的规则是按照发送HTTP请求时所包含的Web服务顺序,生成结果集队列。 2. The claim concurrent requests to a Web service. 1 synthesis method, comprising the steps of: said predetermined sequence when the Web service request in accordance with the defined rule is included in HTTP transmitted, to generate the result set queue.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的Web服务并发请求合成方法,其特征在于:步骤(2)中,同一时刻仅允许发起一个HTTP请求。 Web services according to claim 1 concurrent requests synthesis method, comprising: Step (2), the same time only allows to initiate a HTTP request.
  4. 4. 一种实现权利要求1所述Web服务并发请求合成方法的系统,其特征在于包括客户端和服务器端;客户端包括用户界面、Web服务代理和客户端Web服务接口;所述用户界面上的Web服务请求经过Web服务代理进入消息队列等待;服务器端包括请求分发模块、响应合成模块、服务器端Web服务接口和Web服务实现模块;所述请求分发模块从HTTP请求数据包中分解出Web服务请求队列;服务器端Web服务接口与客户端Web服务接口定义、识别并执行服务器端的业务逻辑,并将执行结果同步返回响应合成模块。 An implement the Web service. 1 concurrent claim requesting system synthesis method, characterized by comprising a client and a server; client comprises a user interface, and the Web service client Web proxy service interface; the user interface Web services through Web service proxy request queue for incoming messages; distribution server includes a request module, in response to synthesis module, a Web service interface server and Web service implementation module; the request packet distribution module requests services from HTTP Web decomposition request queue; Web service interface server and a Web service client interface definition, recognize and execute business logic on the server side, and the execution result of the synchronous synthesis module returns a response.
  5. 5.如权利要求4所述的Web服务并发请求合成系统,其特征在于:所述用户界面为应用定制的Web页面。 5. Web services according to claim 4 concurrent requests synthesis system, characterized in that: said customized user interface is a Web page application.
  6. 6.如权利要求4所述的Web服务并发请求合成系统,其特征在于:所述服务器端Web服务接口和客户端Web服务接口均为应用业务逻辑编程接口,以RESTful Web krvices的形式提供。 4 according to the Web service as claimed in claim concurrent requests synthesis system, wherein: said server side interface and a Web service client Web service interfaces are business logic application programming interface provided in the form of RESTful Web krvices.
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