CN102375199B - Camera Module - Google Patents

Camera Module Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102375199B
CN102375199B CN201010250881.4A CN201010250881A CN102375199B CN 102375199 B CN102375199 B CN 102375199B CN 201010250881 A CN201010250881 A CN 201010250881A CN 102375199 B CN102375199 B CN 102375199B
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plurality
lens array
liquid crystal
light
aperture
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CN201010250881.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102375199A (en
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张仁淙
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鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司
鸿海精密工业股份有限公司
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Abstract

一种相机模组包括第一透镜阵列、第二透镜阵列、设置在该第一透镜阵列和该第二透镜阵列之间的液晶快门、控制器、影像感测器及图像处理器。 A camera module includes a first lens array, a second lens array, the liquid crystal shutter is disposed between the first lens array and the second lens array, a controller, an image sensor and an image processor. 该第一透镜阵列包括多个第一透镜。 The first lens array comprises a plurality of first lenses. 该第二透镜阵列包括多个第二透镜,该多个第二透镜与该多个第一透镜分别一一光学对准。 The second lens array comprises a plurality of second lenses, the plurality of second lens element and the plurality of first optical alignment eleven lenses, respectively. 该液晶快门具有多个通光孔,该多个通光孔与该多个第一透镜分别一一光学对准。 The light through the liquid crystal shutter having a plurality of holes, the plurality of through-holes of the plurality of optical lenses are eleven first optical alignment. 控制器用于在一个拍摄周期内,控制该液晶快门的每个通光孔开启一次。 The controller is used in a photographing period, the control light through each of the liquid crystal shutter once Kongkai Qi. 影像感测器用于在一个该拍摄周期内的每个通光孔开启时,获得与每个通光孔对应的一幅子影像。 The image sensor for each pass within a period when the imaging light Kongkai Qi, to obtain a sub-image corresponding to each of the through aperture. 图像处理器用于采用超分辨率图像复原技术将与各通光孔对应的各幅子影像合成为一幅影像。 The image processor is configured to use a super-resolution image restoration techniques of the sub image synthesizing each respective web through an aperture corresponding to an image.

Description

相机模组 Camera Module

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种相机模组。 [0001] The present invention relates to a camera module.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着多媒体技术的发展,人们对便携式电子装置中的相机模组的要求也越来越高,比如说对分辨率的要求越来越高。 [0002] With the development of multimedia technology, people are increasingly demanding camera module of a portable electronic device, such as requirements for increasingly high resolution. 为了提高相机模组的分辨率,常常需要增加光学镜片等,从而导致相机模组的光学总长(Optical Total Track Length)增加,进而导致便携式电子装置的厚度增加。 In order to improve the resolution of the camera module, it is often necessary to increase the optical lens, so as to cause the camera module optical length (Optical Total Track Length) increases, leading to an increase in thickness of the portable electronic device. 然而,这又与人们对便携式电子装置的轻薄短小的要求相悖。 However, this also with the people contrary to the requirements of light and small portable electronic devices.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 有鉴于此,有必要提供一种分辨率高,厚度小的相机模组。 [0003] In view of this, it is necessary to provide one kind of high resolution, small thickness of the camera module.

[0004] —种相机模组包括第一透镜阵列、第二透镜阵列、设置在该第一透镜阵列和该第二透镜阵列之间的液晶快门、控制器、影像感测器及图像处理器。 [0004] - a first camera module includes a lens array, a second lens array, the liquid crystal shutter is disposed between the first lens array and the second lens array, a controller, an image sensor and an image processor. 该第一透镜阵列包括多个第一透镜。 The first lens array comprises a plurality of first lenses. 该第二透镜阵列包括多个第二透镜,该多个第二透镜与该多个第一透镜分别一一光学对准。 The second lens array comprises a plurality of second lenses, the plurality of second lens element and the plurality of first optical alignment eleven lenses, respectively. 该液晶快门具有多个通光孔,该多个通光孔与该多个第一透镜分别一一光学对准。 The light through the liquid crystal shutter having a plurality of holes, the plurality of through-holes of the plurality of optical lenses are eleven first optical alignment. 控制器用于在一个拍摄周期内,控制该液晶快门的每个通光孔开启一次。 The controller is used in a photographing period, the control light through each of the liquid crystal shutter once Kongkai Qi. 影像感测器用于在一个该拍摄周期内的每个通光孔开启时,获得与每个通光孔对应的一幅子影像。 The image sensor for each pass within a period when the imaging light Kongkai Qi, to obtain a sub-image corresponding to each of the through aperture. 图像处理器用于采用超分辨率图像复原技术将与各通光孔对应的各幅子影像合成为一幅影像。 The image processor is configured to use a super-resolution image restoration techniques of the sub image synthesizing each respective web through an aperture corresponding to an image.

[0005] 相对于现有技术,本发明采用第一透镜阵列、第二透镜阵列及液晶快门取得较低分辨率的子影像,再采用超分辨率图像复原技术将各子影像合成为高分辨率的影像。 [0005] with respect to the prior art, the present invention uses a first lens array, liquid crystal shutter and a second lens array lower resolution sub-images acquired, then using super-resolution image restoration techniques synthesized high-resolution image of each sub images. 由于对子影像的分辨率的要求较低,所以可以缩短对形成子影像的相机模组的光学总长,因此相机模组的厚度可以较小。 Due to the lower resolution sub-images required, the overall optical length can be shortened to the camera module of the sub-images are formed, the thickness of the camera module can be smaller.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0006]图1是本发明第一实施例的相机模组的剖面示意图。 [0006] FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the camera module according to a first embodiment of the present invention.

[0007] 图2是图1的相机模组中的复合镜片的剖面示意图。 [0007] FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a composite lens of the camera module of FIG.

[0008] 图3是图2的复合镜片俯视图。 [0008] FIG. 3 is a plan view of FIG. 2 is a composite lens.

[0009] 图4是图1的相机模组中的液晶快门的上电极、下电极与控制器连接的示意图。 [0009] FIG. 4 is an upper electrode of the liquid crystal shutter of the camera module of FIG. 1, a schematic view of a lower electrode connected to the controller.

[0010] 主要元件符号说明 [0010] Main reference numerals DESCRIPTION

[0011] 相机模组 100 [0011] The camera module 100

[0012] 复合镜片 10 [0012] The composite lens 10

[0013] 影像感测器 20 [0013] The image sensor 20

[0014] 电路板 30 [0014] The circuit board 30

[0015] 图像处理器 40 [0015] The image processor 40

[0016] 控制器 50 [0016] Controller 50

[0017]锡球 22 [0017] The solder balls 22

[0018]镜框 101 [0018] Frame 101

[0019]第二透镜 102 [0019] The second lens 102

[0020] 上基板 103 On the substrate 103 [0020]

[0021] 第二透镜阵列 104 [0021] The second lens array 104

[0022]第一透镜 105,105a,105b,105c,105d [0022] The first lens 105,105a, 105b, 105c, 105d

[0023] 液晶快门 106 [0023] The liquid crystal shutter 106

[0024] 第一透镜阵列 107 [0024] The first lens array 107

[0025] 对位标记 108 [0025] The alignment mark 108

[0026] 下基板 109 The [0026] substrate 109

[0027] 上偏光片 1061 [0027] The upper polarizer 1061

[0028] 上遮光层 1062 [0028] The light shielding layer 1062

[0029]止电极 1063 [0029] The stopper electrode 1063

[0030]液晶层 1064 [0030] The liquid crystal layer 1064

[0031]下电极 1065 [0031] The lower electrode 1065

[0032] 下遮光层 1066 [0032] The lower light-shielding layer 1066

[0033] 下偏光片 1067 The [0033] 1067 Polaroid

[0034]通光孔 1068 [0034] the through aperture 1068

[0035] 上通光孔 10624 [0035] The light through the hole 10624

[0036] 下通光孔 10664 [0036] the clear aperture 10664

[0037]对位孔 10622 [0037] The alignment holes 10622

[0038]导电区域 10631,10651 [0038] conductive region 10631,10651

[0039]连接部 10633 [0039] connection portion 10633

[0040]引脚 10635,10653 [0040] Pin 10635,10653

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0041] 下面将结合附图及实施例对本技术方案作进一步详细说明。 [0041] The accompanying drawings and the following embodiments of the present technical solution will be further described in detail.

[0042] 请参阅图1,本发明较佳实施例提供一种相机模组100。 [0042] Referring to FIG. 1, the preferred embodiment of the present invention to provide a camera module 100. 相机模组100包括复合镜片10、控制器50、影像感测器20、图像处理器40及电路板30。 The camera module 100 includes a composite lens 10, the controller 50, the image sensor 20, the image processor 40 and the circuit board 30. 影像感测器20通过锡球22焊接在电路板30上。 The image sensor 20 by soldering solder balls 22 on the circuit board 30. 图像处理器40设置在电路板30上。 The image processor 40 is provided on the circuit board 30. 影像感测器20分别与控制器50、图像处理器40电性连接。 The image sensor 20, respectively 50, image processor 40 is electrically connected to the controller.

[0043] 请参阅图2及图3,复合镜片10包括镜框101、上基板103、下基板109、形成在上基板103的第一透镜阵列107、形成在下基板109上的第二透镜阵列104以及夹设在上基板103和下基板109之间的液晶快门106。 [0043] Please refer to FIGS. 2 and 3, the composite lens 10 includes a frame 101, the upper substrate 103 and lower substrate 109, is formed on the substrate 103 a first lens array 107, second lens array 104 is formed on the lower substrate 109 and interposed between the upper substrate 103 and lower substrate 109 of the liquid crystal shutter 106.

[0044] 镜框101在横截面上大致为正方形。 [0044] Frame 101 is generally square in cross-section. 镜框101包括四个相互连接的侧壁。 Frame 101 includes four interconnected side walls. 镜框101的侧壁围合成一个大致为长方体的收容空间,收容空间用于收容上基板103、下基板109、第一透镜阵列107、第二透镜阵列104以及液晶快门106。 Side walls 101 enclose a frame of a substantially rectangular parallelepiped housing space, the housing space for housing the upper substrate 103 and lower substrate 109, a first lens array 107, second lens array 104 and a liquid crystal shutter 106. 镜框101的底部开设有一个通光孔,通光孔与收容空间相贯通。 A bottom frame 101 defines a through-aperture, through the aperture with the housing space through.

[0045] 上基板103的底部开设有第一凹槽,下基板109的顶部开设有第二凹槽,当上基板103与下基板109叠合时,第一凹槽与第二凹槽共同形成一个容置液晶快门106的收容腔。 [0045] The base substrate 103 defines a first groove, a top of the lower substrate 109 defines a second recess, when stacked on the substrate 109 and the lower substrate 103, a first groove and the second groove together form receiving a receiving cavity 106 of the liquid crystal shutter.

[0046] 在本实施例中,第一透镜阵列107包括四个第一透镜105a、105b、105c、105d (以下不需要区分时,统称为105),四个第一透镜105以两行两列的阵列方式排布。 [0046] In the present embodiment, the first lens array 107 comprises four first lens 105a, 105b, 105c, 105d (when not necessary to distinguish the following, collectively referred to as 105), four of the first lens 105 in two rows and two columns arranged in an array. 每行的第一透镜105的中心相互对齐,每列的第一透镜105的中心也相互对齐。 Center of the first lens 105 of each row aligned with each other, the center of the first lens 105 is also aligned with each other for each column. 四个第一透镜105沿着其各自的光轴正投影的面积基本相等。 Four substantially equal to the orthogonal projection of the first lens 105 along the area of ​​their respective optical axes. 第二透镜阵列104包括四个第二透镜102,四个第二透镜102以两行两列的阵列方式排布。 The second lens array 104 comprises four second lens 102, second lens 102 in two four rows of the array are arranged in two ways. 每行的第二透镜102的中心相互对齐,每列的第二透镜102的中心也相互对齐。 Center of the second lens 102 of each row are aligned with each other, the center of each column of the second lens 102 are also aligned with each other. 四个第二透镜102沿着其各自的光轴正投影的面积基本相等。 Four substantially equal to the orthogonal projection of the second lens 102 along the area of ​​their respective optical axes. 四个第一透镜105和四个第二透镜102——对应,每个第一透镜105和与之对应的第二透镜102的光轴重合。 The first lens 105 and a four, four each of the first lens optical axis and a second lens 105 corresponding to 102-- corresponding second lens 102 coincide. 每个第一透镜105沿着其光轴正投影的面积大致等于每个第二透镜102沿着其光轴正投影的面积。 Each of the first lens 105 along the optical axis thereof is substantially equal to the orthogonal projection area of ​​each of the second lens 102 along the optical axis of the orthogonal projection area.

[0047] 在本实施例中,上基板103与第一透镜阵列107、下基板109与第二透镜阵列104分别是一体成型。 [0047] In the present embodiment, the upper substrate 103 and the first lens array 107, a lower substrate 109 and the second lens array 104 are integrally formed. 可以理解,上基板103与第一透镜阵列107也可以是独立成型,下基板109与第二透镜阵列104也可以是独立成型。 It will be appreciated, the upper substrate 103 and the first lens array 107 may also be a separate molding, the lower substrate 109 and the second lens array 104 may also be a separate molding.

[0048] 液晶快门106具有四个以阵列方式排布的通光孔1068。 [0048] The liquid crystal shutter 106 having four light passage 1068 arranged in an array. 四个通光孔1068与四个第一透镜105、四个第二透镜102—一对应。 Four through aperture 1068 and the first four lens 105, second lens 102- to a corresponding four. 液晶快门106可以选择性地开启或关闭每个通光孔1068,以决定是否允许光通过第一透镜105、第二透镜102。 The liquid crystal shutter 106 may be selectively opened or closed each through aperture 1068, to decide whether to allow light to pass through a first lens 105, second lens 102. 每个通光孔1068大致呈圆形。 Each through aperture 1068 is substantially circular. 每个通光孔1068的面积大致等于第一透镜105沿着其光轴正投影的面积。 Each area of ​​the through aperture 1068 is substantially equal to an optical axis 105 along its orthogonal projection area of ​​the first lens.

[0049] 自上基板103至下基板109的方向,液晶快门106依次包括上偏光片1061、上遮光层1062、上电极1063、液晶层1064、下电极1065、下遮光层1066、下偏光片1067。 [0049] from the direction 103 to the lower substrate 109 of the upper substrate, liquid crystal shutter 106 in turn comprises an upper polarizer 1061, a light shielding layer 1062, upper electrode 1063, the liquid crystal layer 1064, lower electrode 1065, the light shielding layer 1066, lower polarizer 1067 .

[0050] 请一并参阅图3,上遮光层1062可以由铬等遮光材料制成。 [0050] Referring to FIG 3, the light blocking layer 1062 may be made of a light shielding material such as chromium. 上遮光层1062开设有四个大致为圆形的上通光孔10624。 The four light-shielding layer 1062 defines a generally circular aperture of the through-10624. 四个上通光孔10624分别与四个第一透镜105、四个第二透镜102——对应。 The four through-aperture 10,624,105, corresponding to the four 102-- four second lens of the first lens, respectively. 每个上通光孔10624的面积大致等于第一透镜105沿着其光轴正投影的面积。 Each of the through aperture is substantially equal to an area 10624 105 along the optical axis of the orthogonal projection area of ​​the first lens.

[0051] 上电极1063为共同电极(Common Electrode),上电极1063包括四个大致圆形的导电区域10631、连接上述四个导电区域10631的连接部10633以及与连接部10633连接的引脚10635。 [0051] The upper electrode 1063 as a common electrode (Common Electrode), the upper electrode 1063 includes four generally circular conductive region 10 631, the connection pins of the four conductive regions 10635 10631 10633 and a connecting portion connecting the connecting portion 10633. 上电极1063与控制器50电性连接。 The upper electrode 50 is electrically connected to the 1063 controller. 上电极1063为透明电极,其材料可以是铟锡氧化物导电膜(Indium Tin Oxide, ITO)或者碳纳米管薄膜等透明导电材料。 The upper electrode 1063 is a transparent electrode, which material may be a conductive film of indium tin oxide (Indium Tin Oxide, ITO) or a transparent conductive material, a carbon nanotube film. 四个导电区域10631分别与四个第一透镜105、一一对应。 10631 four conductive regions of the first lens 105 respectively four, one to one. 每个导电区域10631的面积大致等于第一透镜105沿着其光轴正投影的面积。 Each electrically conductive region 105 is substantially equal to an area of ​​10631 orthogonal projection area of ​​the first lens along its optical axis.

[0052] 液晶层1064采用反应时间较快的液晶材料,例如反应时间达到几毫秒的液晶材料。 [0052] The liquid crystal layer 1064 using the fast response time of the liquid crystal material, for example, the reaction time up to several milliseconds, the liquid crystal material. 在本实施例中,液晶层1064是铁电液晶材料(Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal)。 In the present embodiment, the liquid crystal layer 1064 is a ferroelectric liquid crystal material (Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal).

[0053] 下电极1065包括四个大致为圆形的导电区域10651及四个分别与导电区域10651相连的引脚10653。 [0053] The lower electrode 1065 includes four pin 10653 is substantially circular conductive regions 10651 and 10651 four conductive regions connected respectively. 下电极1065的引脚10653均与控制器50电性相连。 106531065 lower electrode pins 50 are electrically connected to the controller. 下电极1065为透明电极,其材料可以是铟锡氧化物导电膜(Indium Tin Oxide, ITO)或者碳纳米管薄膜等透明导电材料。 The lower electrode 1065 is a transparent electrode, which material may be a conductive film of indium tin oxide (Indium Tin Oxide, ITO) or a transparent conductive material, a carbon nanotube film. 四个导电区域10651分别与四个第一透镜105、四个第二透镜102 —一对应。 10651, respectively, four conductive regions 105, 102 and four second lens of the first lens four - one correspondence. 每个导电区域10651的面积大致等于第二透镜102沿着其光轴正投影的面积。 Each conductive region is substantially equal to an area 10651 of the second lens 102 along its optical axis orthogonal projection area.

[0054] 下遮光层1065可以由铬等遮光材料制成。 [0054] The lower light-shielding layer 1065 may be made of a light shielding material such as chromium. 下遮光层1065开设有四个大致为圆形的下通光孔10664。 The four light-shielding layer 1065 defines a generally circular aperture of the through-10664. 四个下通光孔10664分别与四个第一透镜105、四个第二透镜102——对应。 Four lower through aperture 10,664,105, corresponding to the four of the second lens of the first lens 102-- four, respectively. 每个下通光孔10664的面积大致等于第二透镜102沿着其光轴正投影的面积。 10664 each lower clear aperture area 102 is substantially equal to the second lens along its optical axis orthogonal projection area. 四个上通光孔10624和四个下通光孔10664分别同轴设置,一个上通光孔10624和一个与之相应的下通光孔10664共同构成一个通光孔1068。 Through four upper and four lower aperture 10624 through 10664 are coaxially disposed aperture, a 10624 and a clear aperture corresponding thereto under a light passage aperture 10 664 1068 together form a light pass.

[0055] 进一步地,上基板103的中央位置可以设置一个对位标记108,在本实施例中,对位标记108是“十”字形对位标记。 [0055] Further, the center position of the substrate 103 may be provided one alignment mark 108, in the present embodiment, the alignment mark 108 is "ten" shaped alignment mark. 相应地,下基板109的中央位置也设置有一个对位标记(图未示),上遮光层1062和下遮光层1066的中央位置均开设有一个对位孔10622,从而在将上基板103和下基板109组装在一起时,可以通过对位标记108实现精确对位。 Accordingly, the center position of the lower substrate 109 is also provided with a alignment hole 10622 one pair of 1062 and the center position of the lower light shielding layer 1066 of the light-shielding layer alignment mark (not shown), on both opened so that the upper substrate 103 and when the lower substrate 109 are assembled together, can achieve precise alignment of the alignment mark 108.

[0056] 控制器50用于在一个拍摄周期内,控制该液晶快门106的每个通光孔1068开启一次。 [0056] The controller 50 is used in a photographing period, controlling the liquid crystal shutters each through aperture opening once 1,068,106. 控制器50通过控制加在上电极1063和下电极1065之间的电压,使液晶层1064的液晶分子的排列发生变化,从而独立控制各通光孔1068的开启和关闭。 The controller 50 by controlling the voltage applied between the upper electrode 1063 and lower electrodes 1065, so that alignment of liquid crystal molecules of the liquid crystal layer 1064 is changed, thereby independently controlling each of the through-hole 1068 of the light on and off. 在本实施例中,控制器50控制各通光孔1068依次开启,且在同一时间仅开启一个通光孔1068。 In the present embodiment, the controller 50 controls each of the through holes 1068 are sequentially turned on the light, and only one through aperture opening 1068 at the same time. 而且,在每个通光孔1068开启的同时,控制器50同步控制影像感测器20获取一幅与该通光孔1068对应的子影像。 Further, while each of the through aperture 1068 turned on, the controller 50 controls the image sensor 20 acquires the synchronization of sub-images corresponding to the one through aperture 1068.

[0057] 影像感测器20用于在一个拍摄周期内的每个通光孔1068开启时,获得与每个通光孔1068对应的一幅子影像。 Each aperture 1068 through [0057] the image sensor 20 in a shot cycle for the opening, to obtain a sub-image corresponding to each of the through aperture 1068.

[0058] 图像处理器40用于采用超分辨率图像复原技术(Super-Resolut1n ImageReconstruct1n)将在一个拍摄周期内与各通光孔1068对应的各幅子影像合成为一幅影像。 [0058] The image processor 40 uses a super-resolution image restoration technique (Super-Resolut1n ImageReconstruct1n) Synthesis of sub-images each corresponding to each web through the aperture 1068 in a period of a shooting image.

[0059] 在使用中,控制器50通过控制上电极1063和下电极1065之间的电压,使液晶层1064的液晶分子的排列发生变化,从而依次开启液晶快门106的各通光孔1068。 [0059] In use, the controller 50 by the voltage between the electrode 1063 and the lower electrode 1065 on the control of the alignment of liquid crystal molecules of the liquid crystal layer 1064 is changed, thereby sequentially opening the liquid crystal shutters each of the through aperture 1068106. 在每个通光孔1068开启的同时,控制器50同步控制影像感测器20获取一幅子影像,在获取完四幅子影像后,图像处理器40采用超分辨率图像复原技术将四幅子影像合成,从而得到一幅比各幅子影像的分辨率都高的高分辨率的影像。 While each through aperture 1068 turned on, the controller 50 controls the image sensor 20 acquires the synchronization one sub-images, the four sub-images After acquisition, image processor 40 uses a super-resolution image restoration techniques will be four sub-images synthesis, to thereby obtain an image are higher than the resolution of each sub-image a high resolution web.

[0060] 更具体地,在时间Tl,控制器50仅开启与第一透镜105a相对应的通光孔1068,控制器50同步控制影像感测器20获取由第一透镜105a和相应的第二透镜102形成的子影像Pl ;在时间T2,控制器50仅开启与第一透镜105b相对应的通光孔1068,控制器50同步控制影像感测器20获取由第一透镜105b和相应的第二透镜102形成的子影像P2 ;在时间T3,控制器50仅开启与第一透镜105c相对应的通光孔1068,控制器50同步控制影像感测器20获取由第一透镜105c和相应的第二透镜102形成的子影像P3 ;在时间T4,控制器50仅开启与第一透镜105d相对应的通光孔1068,控制器50同步控制影像感测器20获取由第一透镜105d和相应的第二透镜102形成的子影像P4。 [0060] More specifically, at time Tl, the controller 50 is turned on only to the first lens 105a corresponding to the through aperture 1068, the controller 50 controls the image sensor 20 acquires the synchronization of a first lens 105a and the corresponding second Pl sub-images formed by the lens 102; at time T2, the controller 50 is turned on and only the first lens 105b corresponding to the through aperture 1068, the controller 50 controls the image sensor 20 acquires the synchronization and the respective second 105b by the first lens P2 sub-images of the second lens 102 is formed; at time T3, the controller 50 is turned on and only the first lens 105c corresponding to the through aperture 1068, the controller 50 controls the synchronization is acquired by the image sensor 20 and the corresponding first lens 105c P3 sub-images of the second lens 102 is formed; at time T4, the controller 50 is turned on and only the first lens 105d corresponding to the through aperture 1068, the controller 50 controls the synchronization is acquired by the image sensor 20 and the corresponding first lens 105d P4 of the second sub image lens 102 is formed. 最后,图像处理器40采用超分辨率图像复原技术将四幅子影像P1-P4合成,从而得到一幅高分辨率的影像P。 Finally, the image processor 40 uses a super-resolution image restoration techniques will be four sub-images P1-P4 synthesis, to thereby obtain a high-resolution image P.

[0061] 相对于现有技术,本发明采用第一透镜阵列107、第二透镜阵列104及液晶快门106取得较低分辨率的子影像,再采用超分辨率图像复原技术将各子影像合成为高分辨率的影像。 [0061] with respect to the prior art, the present invention uses a first lens array 107, second lens array 104 and the liquid crystal shutter 106 is made lower resolution sub-images, then using super-resolution image restoration techniques for the synthesis of each sub-image high-resolution images. 由于对子影像的分辨率的要求较低,所以可以缩短对形成子影像的相机模组100的光学总长,因此相机模组100的厚度可以较小。 Due to the lower resolution sub-images required, the overall optical length can be shortened to form the sub-image camera module 100, the thickness of the camera module 100 may be small.

[0062] 可以理解的是,在其它实施例中,第一透镜阵列107可以包括m行η列第一透镜105(!11、11为正整数)。 [0062] It will be appreciated that in other embodiments, the first lens array 107 may include m rows and columns of the first lens 105 η (! 11, 11 is a positive integer). 相应地,第二透镜阵列104包括m行η列第二透镜102,液晶快门106具有mxn个通光孔1068。 Accordingly, the second lens array 104 comprises m rows of the second column η lens 102, a liquid crystal shutter 106 having mxn light-passing holes 1068.

[0063] 可以理解的是,液晶快门106中,上偏光片1061、上遮光层1062和上电极1063的顺序可以随意调换,下电极1065、下遮光层1066和下偏光片1067的顺序可以随意调换。 [0063] It will be appreciated that the liquid crystal shutter 106, the polarizing plate 1061, the light-shielding layer 1062 and the order of the upper electrode 1063 may freely exchange, a lower electrode 1065, the order of the light-shielding layer 1066 and the lower polarizer 1067 may freely exchange .

[0064] 在阵列拍摄中拍摄两个相连的子影像,可能会在这两个子影像边界区域有影像重合而产生两个子影像边缘模糊的情况,这种情况称做图像失真(Aliasing)。 [0064] In the imaging array of sub-images captured in two connected, may have blurred image generated by superimposing two image sub-image edges where the two sub-boundary area, this situation called image distortion (Aliasing). 可以理解的是,在保证不产生Aliasing的情况下,控制器50可以在同一时间开启两个或两个以上的通光孔1068,影像感测器20可以在同一时间获取两幅或两幅以上的子影像,从而缩短连续拍摄子影像的时间。 It will be appreciated that, in the case of guaranteed Aliasing does not occur, the controller 50 may open the two or more light through hole 1068 at the same time, the image sensor 20 can acquire two or more than two at the same time the sub-images, thereby shortening the time continuous shooting sub-images.

[0065]另外,本领域技术人员还可以在本发明精神内做其它变化,当然,这些依据本发明精神所做的变化,都应包含在本发明所要求保护的范围之内。 [0065] Additionally, one skilled in the art can make other variations within the spirit of the present invention, of course, vary depending on the spirit of the present invention is made, according to the present invention is intended to be included within the scope of the claims.

Claims (8)

1.一种相机模组,其特征在于,其包括: 第一透镜阵列,该第一透镜阵列包括多个第一透镜; 第二透镜阵列,该第二透镜阵列包括多个第二透镜,该多个第二透镜与该多个第一透镜分别光学对准; 设置在该第一透镜阵列和该第二透镜阵列之间的液晶快门,该液晶快门具有多个通光孔,该多个通光孔与该多个第一透镜分别光学对准,自该第一透镜阵列至该第二透镜阵列的方向,该液晶快门依次包括上偏光片、上遮光层、上电极、液晶层、下电极、下遮光层、下偏光片,该上遮光层开设有多个上通光孔,该下遮光层开设有多个下通光孔,该多个上通光孔分别与该多个第一透镜一一对应,该多个下通光孔分别与该多个第一透镜一一对应,每个上通光孔和相应的下通光孔共同组成该液晶快门的通光孔; 控制器用于在一个拍摄周期内,控制该液晶快门的每个 A camera module, characterized in that it comprises: a first lens array, the lens array comprises a first plurality of first lenses; second lens array, the second lens array comprises a plurality of second lenses, which a second plurality of optical lenses are respectively aligned with the plurality of first lenses; disposed between the first lens array and the second lens array liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters having a plurality of through-holes of light, the plurality of through are respectively aligned with the optical aperture of the plurality of first lenses, the first lens array from the lens array to the second direction, which in turn comprises a liquid crystal shutter on the polarizer, the light shielding layer, an upper electrode, the liquid crystal layer, the lower electrode , the light-shielding layer, the polarizer, the light shielding layer defines a plurality of the through aperture, defines a plurality of through-holes at the lower light shielding layer, the light passing each of the plurality of apertures and the plurality of first lens correspondence, the plurality of the through-aperture respectively correspond to the plurality of first lenses, each composed of light through the hole and a corresponding light passage through the aperture of the liquid crystal shutters; a controller for an inner photographing period, each of the liquid crystal shutter control 通光孔开启一次; 影像感测器用于在一个该拍摄周期内的每个通光孔开启时,获得与每个通光孔对应的一幅子影像•'及图像处理器用于采用超分辨率图像复原技术将在一个该拍摄周期内与各通光孔对应的各幅子影像合成为一幅影像。 A light passing Kongkai Qi; image sensor for each pass within a period when the imaging light Kongkai Qi, is obtained for each sub-image light through a corresponding hole • 'image processor and super resolution synthesis of sub-images each image restoration techniques with light through a corresponding hole in the imaging period is an image.
2.如权利要求1所述的相机模组,其特征在于,该相机模组进一步包括一个上基板和一个下基板,该第一透镜阵列形成在该上基板,该第二透镜阵列形成在该下基板,且该液晶快门设置在该上基板和该下基板之间。 2. The camera module of claim 1, wherein the camera module further includes an upper substrate and a lower substrate, a first lens array which is formed on the substrate, the second lens array formed in the a lower substrate, and the liquid crystal shutter disposed between the upper substrate and the lower substrate.
3.如权利要求2所述的相机模组,其特征在于,该上基板和该下基板之间共同形成一个收容腔,该液晶快门设置在该收容腔内。 The camera module as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that together form a receiving space between the upper substrate and the lower substrate, the liquid crystal shutter disposed in the receiving cavity.
4.如权利要求1所述的相机模组,其特征在于,该上电极和该下电极均为透明电极。 The camera module as claimed in claim 1, wherein both electrodes of the upper transparent electrode and the lower electrode.
5.如权利要求1所述的相机模组,其特征在于,该液晶层的材料为铁电液晶。 5. The camera module according to claim 1, characterized in that the material of the liquid crystal layer is ferroelectric liquid crystal.
6.如权利要求1所述的相机模组,其特征在于,在一个该拍摄周期内,该控制器依次开启该多个通光孔,且每次仅开启一个通光孔。 The camera module as claimed in claim 1, wherein the imaging in a period, the controller sequentially turns on the plurality of through-aperture, and each aperture only one through opening.
7.如权利要求6所述的相机模组,其特征在于,在开启一个通光孔的同时,控制器同步地控制该影像感测器获取与该通光孔对应的一幅子影像。 7. The camera module of claim 6, wherein a through-opening in the aperture, while the controller controls the image sensor acquiring synchronization with a sub image corresponding to the light passing hole.
8.如权利要求1所述的相机模组,其特征在于,在一个该拍摄周期内,该控制器同时开启两个或两个以上通光孔。 The camera module as claimed in claim 1, wherein the imaging in a period, the controller simultaneously open the through-hole two or more light.
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