CN102371478B - E-shaped collar pressing machine - Google Patents

E-shaped collar pressing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102371478B
CN102371478B CN 201010251266 CN201010251266A CN102371478B CN 102371478 B CN102371478 B CN 102371478B CN 201010251266 CN201010251266 CN 201010251266 CN 201010251266 A CN201010251266 A CN 201010251266A CN 102371478 B CN102371478 B CN 102371478B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
retainer ring
pressing machine
type
controller
conveying
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CN 201010251266
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102371478A (en
Inventor
卢国进
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杭州山博自动化设备有限公司
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Priority to CN 201010251266 priority Critical patent/CN102371478B/en
Publication of CN102371478A publication Critical patent/CN102371478A/en
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Publication of CN102371478B publication Critical patent/CN102371478B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an E-shaped collar pressing machine which comprises a feeding mechanism, a pressing mechanism, a positioning mechanism, a controller, an input/output device and an operating platform, wherein the feeding mechanism, the pressing mechanism, the positioning mechanism, the controller and the input/output device are all mounted on the operating platform; a pressing component capable of uprightly moving is arranged on the pressing mechanism; the pressing component and the positioning mechanism are arranged along a same vertical direction; and the pressing mechanism further comprises a crosswise screw positioning mechanism which can move horizontally and a material-taking mechanism which can take materials by rotating for 90 degrees. Techniques, such as multi-station, feeding area, pressing station separation, and the like, are adopted in the E-shaped collar pressing machine, so that the pressing operation of the E-shaped collar pressing machine is different from an E-shaped collar pressing operation in the prior art. The E-shaped collar pressing machine adopts a from-up-to-down pressing operation. A material-taking process is finished in a clamping manner. Compared with a pushing manner in the prior art, the clamping manner has the advantage of smooth and stable material-taking process.

Description

A kind of E type retainer ring pressing machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of assembling tool of rotor, relate in particular to for the pressing machine that E type collar is installed on the rotor.
Background technology
Bearing is installed on the rotor, for can rigid bearing on rotor, E type collar has been installed at the two ends of rotor.The fitting operation of E type collar mostly is artificial installation in the prior art, so the production efficiency of rotor is low.Because the dynamics of the each fitting operation of artificial installation, angle etc. are inconsistent, very easily cause E type collar installation quality defective.
In order to enhance productivity, alleviate labor strength, the automatization level that the lifting motor rotor is produced, prior art provides a kind of E type retainer ring pressing machine, as shown in figure 26, the structure of such E type retainer ring pressing machine comprises feeding unit 42, pressing mechanism 43, detent mechanism 44.Feeding unit 42 is provided with crooked conveying bar, and multi-disc E type collar 45 is installed on the conveying bar, and these E type collars are arranged on the conveying bar and can be free to slide along the conveying bar.Because the conveying bar is heeling condition, this is just so that E type collar can arrive conveying bar bottom by automatic sliding under the effect of self gravitation.Pressing mechanism 43 is provided with telescoping mechanism, and the E type collar output of conveying bar is positioned at the top of this telescoping mechanism, just can lift breaking away from the E of conveying bar type collar when telescoping mechanism extends.Be provided with detent mechanism 44 on the top of pressing mechanism 43, this detent mechanism 44 is for the fixed electrical machinery rotor, and its this end that E type collar need to be installed just was positioned at the top of pressing mechanism 43 after rotor was fixing.Thus, E type collar just can be buckled on the axle of rotor when pressing mechanism 43 work.
Although this E type retainer ring pressing machine has advantages of that automation, production efficiency are high, in use there is larger defective.This is to be the state that is opening up when being installed on the conveying bar because of E type collar, as shown in figure 26.At the output of conveying bar, its opening still up after E type collar broke away from the conveying bar like this.The pressing mechanism elongation is with in the process of lifting on the E type collar, E type collar is in heeling condition all the time, the bottom contacts with pressing mechanism and supported by it, be that openend then contacts with other parts of pressing machine at the top, such installation process certainly will need pressing machine that a narrow and small slot is set, this slot must be a bit larger tham the thickness of E type collar, E type collar could be in vertical state or be in rational heeling condition when mechanism lifts being pressed into like this, thus the openend of E type collar could be buckled on the axle of rotor after rotor contacts.Be that E type collar is fully smooth under the perfect condition, E type collar favours in this slot and still can be installed in place, but E type collar often has irregular situation in the actual production process, common situation be E type collar in the bending two ends of opening part, the process that such situation very easily causes E type collar to lift at quilt is stuck in the slot.
Therefore, use E type retainer ring pressing machine of the prior art pair to have relatively high expectations with the flatness of E type collar, the quality condition of domestic E type collar does not meet the instructions for use of this E type retainer ring pressing machine very much.If will normally use this E type retainer ring pressing machine must be from the high-quality E type of external import collar, this have just increased production cost.
This E type retainer ring pressing machine only has a station, must be transformed into station by the manual other end with rotor after a side pressure of giving rotor enters E type collar, could be pressed at the other end of rotor E type collar.Still need the workman to get involved in the operating process that is pressed into E type collar like this, so the automaticity of this E type retainer ring pressing machine is not high, production efficiency is restricted; Simultaneously, the workman participates in being pressed into the operation of E type collar, has reduced the security of workman's operation, has in process of production potential safety hazard.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention provides a kind of reasonable in design, the E type retainer ring pressing machine that low to E type collar quality requirement, E type collar is difficult for blocking.
Another technical problem that the present invention will solve provides the E type retainer ring pressing machine that a kind of automaticity is high and can obviously improve production efficiency.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts following technical scheme: this E type retainer ring pressing machine comprises feeding machanism, pressing mechanism, detent mechanism, controller, input-output equipment and workbench, described feeding machanism, pressing mechanism, detent mechanism, controller, input-output equipment all is installed on the workbench, described pressing mechanism is provided with the assembly that is pressed into of vertical motion, describedly be pressed into assembly and detent mechanism is on the same vertical direction, described pressing mechanism also comprises the cross lead screw detent mechanism that can move horizontally and has the material fetching mechanism that 90 degree turn to feeding, described cross lead screw detent mechanism comprises servomotor, screw mandrel, screw rod bushing, gib block, fixed head, described gib block is fixed on the workbench, described servomotor, screw mandrel is fixed on the workbench by installing plate, described servomotor is connected with controller, described servomotor is connected with screw mandrel, described screw mandrel is connected with screw rod bushing, described gib block is parallel with screw mandrel, described screw rod bushing is fixedly connected with fixed head, the described assembly that is pressed into is installed on the fixed head, be connected by being pressed into assembly between described gib block and the fixed head, described material fetching mechanism comprises the feeding cylinder, cylinder block, pneumatic chuck, described cylinder block is fixedly connected on and is pressed on the assembly, described feeding cylinder is fixedly connected on the cylinder block and with controller and is connected, described pneumatic chuck is connected with the feeding cylinder by rotating shaft, described pneumatic chuck is connected with controller, described pneumatic chuck is vertically connected in the rotating shaft, and described pneumatic chuck is positioned at the top of detent mechanism.
The process of press in of E type retainer ring pressing machine of the present invention clamps E type collar by pneumatic chuck, and E type collar keeps vertical state after clamping, until be pressed on the rotor.E type collar can keep vertical state just to avoid its phenomenon of blocking that causes in the process of press in medium dip; Eliminated the structural design of slot in original technology, so that the structure of E type retainer ring pressing machine becomes rationally simple.Solved the problem that E type collar blocks and just can be convenient to use domestic E type collar, can reduce production costs, can also enhance productivity and installation quality.
By the cross lead screw detent mechanism, being pressed into assembly can move freely in the horizontal direction, and then can form a plurality of stations.Because need to installing the position of E type collar, rotor only has two, so set two stations can for E type retainer ring pressing machine by input-output equipment.Compare the single station push operation in original technology, the push operation of this double has greatly improved automaticity and the production efficiency of E type retainer ring pressing machine.
The material fetching mechanism of this E type retainer ring pressing machine has the function that 90 degree turn to feeding, can and be pressed into station separately with feed zone.Two operating areas separately, the public domain that does not have each other intersection, this design can guarantee that pressing mechanism and feeding machanism are relatively independent in envelop of function separately, but in the feed reclaiming process of E type collar, connect each other again, both can not influenced each other, in the situation that side's cisco unity malfunction can not affect the opposing party's normal operation, this structure makes E type retainer ring pressing machine have highly stable service behaviour like this.
A fixed position that is used for feeding is arranged, nearest between the material fetching mechanism on this position pressing mechanism and feeding machanism in the range of movement of cross lead screw detent mechanism.As long as carrying out feeding, pressing mechanism will be in this position, in the process of inactive state, accurately locate in motion state in order to make the cross lead screw detent mechanism, as of the present invention preferred, described pressing mechanism also is provided with deceleration sensor, alignment sensor, deceleration sensing chip, location sensing chip, described deceleration sensor, alignment sensor are installed on the gib block and with controller and are connected, and described deceleration sensing chip, location sensing chip are installed in and are pressed on the assembly.
In the process of feeding, the driven by motor screw mandrel rotates, and the screw mandrel of rotation drives the screw rod bushing transverse shifting, owing to screw rod bushing is connected with fixed head, so fixed head can be with the screw rod bushing transverse shifting.When the edge of deceleration sensing chip had blocked deceleration sensor, motor rotation speed descended, and the fixed head translational speed is slowed down; At this moment, fixed head continues transverse shifting with slower speed, and when the edge of location sensing chip had blocked alignment sensor, motor stopped operating, and fixed head has just rested on the position of design code like this.Thus, comprised the detent mechanism of deceleration sensor, alignment sensor, deceleration sensing chip, location sensing chip, for pressing mechanism has been determined rational feeding position.
As of the present invention preferred, pneumatic chuck is provided with two intermediate plates, and described intermediate plate is provided with cross section draw-in groove triangular in shape, and two described intermediate plates also are provided with arc-shaped slot at this end that is provided with draw-in groove in opposite directions and right on the described intermediate plate.The draw-in groove of intermediate plate is oppositely arranged and has formed a cross section and be trapezoidal jaws, and when E type collar was sandwiched on the pneumatic chuck, E type collar was positioned at draw-in groove so that it with intermediate plate between be in parallel relation.The aperture position that is clipped in rear arc notch on the pneumatic chuck when E type collar is also darker than E type collar opening position, the axle of rotor can be embedded in the intermediate plate by arc-shaped slot when being pressed into E type collar like this, thereby better finishes the fitting operation of E type collar.
As of the present invention preferred, described being pressed between assembly and the cylinder block is connected by floating junction.Owing to being pressed between assembly and the cylinder block and having alignment error, this error very easily causes parts damages, connects by floating junction and can eliminate error, protection associated components and equipment is operated steadily, extension device service life.
As of the present invention preferred, described feeding machanism comprises bin, objective table, conveying cylinder, described bin is provided with for passive support, described bin is straight and its cross section is T-shaped, described objective table is positioned at the bin below, and described conveying cylinder is provided with for the conveying that pushes E type collar and cuts somebody's hair, and described conveying is cut somebody's hair and is convex, described conveying is cut somebody's hair between objective table and bin, and described conveying is cut somebody's hair and is in same level with intermediate plate.
The structure of E type collar has A/F less than the aperture widths of its inside, so E type collar can want wide bin can concentrate placement by insert the ratio open width at openend.Bin vertically is arranged on the workbench, and E type collar can be in the lower bin bottom that slides into of the effect of self gravitation.In bin bottom, the distance between objective table and the bin is a bit larger tham the thickness of monolithic E type collar, and the conveying thickness of cutting somebody's hair is slightly smaller than the thickness of E type collar.Cut somebody's hair when outwards promoting when conveying, be positioned at that E type collar on the objective table is pushed outwards to be gone out, still blocked by bin but be positioned at the E type collar on the top of this E type collar that is pushed out this moment, once can only release a slice E type collar so conveying is cut somebody's hair.Because the E type collar of releasing must be taken away by pneumatic chuck, is in same level so conveying is cut somebody's hair with rotating shaft, can make things convenient for like this pneumatic chuck to finish the feeding action as far as possible.
As of the present invention preferred, described conveying is cut somebody's hair, and to be provided with guiding protruding stupefied, and described objective table is provided with the protruding stupefied direction recess that should lead.Thickness is slightly smaller than the thickness of E type collar because conveying is cut somebody's hair, and its laminated structure very easily produces bending, and the guiding of setting up is protruding stupefiedly not only can to increase the mechanical strength that conveying is cut somebody's hair, and the pusher action that conveying is cut somebody's hair is more steady.
As of the present invention preferred, described objective table is provided with the outward extending boss that corresponding conveying is cut somebody's hair.The cross section of this boss is curved, and its cross-sectional width and length are much smaller than width and the length of E type collar.Direction recess extends to this boss always and goes out, and its bossing still can be subject to the supporting role of boss when moving to boss when conveying is cut somebody's hair, thereby has guaranteed the conveying stable action in whole pusher process of cutting somebody's hair.
As of the present invention preferred, described bin is provided with the nothing material alarm sensor that is connected with controller, and is described without expecting that alarm sensor is over against the bin bottom.Send alarm signal during without E type collar without the material alarm sensor on bin, this function has improved the automaticity of E type retainer ring pressing machine.
As of the present invention preferred, described detent mechanism comprises back-up block, clamping cylinder and the positioning base for supporting motor rotor, described back-up block is connected on the positioning base, described clamping cylinder is connected on the positioning base by Connection Block, described positioning base is fixed on the workbench, and described clamping cylinder also is connected with controller.This detent mechanism can pass through clamping cylinder fixed electrical machinery rotor, and clamping cylinder is controlled and controller, thus this detent mechanism can be full automatic the push operation of participation E type collar, further improve the automaticity of E type retainer ring pressing machine.
As of the present invention preferred, described workbench is provided with the safe grating for the protection of the workman, and described safe grating is connected with controller, and described safe grating is positioned at this end that workbench is provided with detent mechanism.Safe grating produces protection light curtain by the emission infrared ray, and when the light curtain was blocked, device sent shielding signals, utilized shielding signals can reach the purpose of avoiding occuring security incident.Grating is installed in the position that rotor is put into and taken out, and just can monitor by safe grating when in a single day having workman's maloperation to stretch out one's hand when E type retainer ring pressing machine is in push operation to enter the operation area, and implement safety measure by controller.
The present invention adopts technique scheme: E type retainer ring pressing machine adopts multistation, feed zone and is pressed into the technology such as Station Separation, make the push operation of E type retainer ring pressing machine be different from E type collar push operation process of the prior art, prior art be taken to down and on push operation, and E type retainer ring pressing machine of the present invention adopts push operation from top to down; And reclaiming process adopts clamping type, has advantages of that compared with pushing type of the prior art reclaiming process is smooth and easy, stable.This E type retainer ring pressing machine can use domestic E type collar thus, and be difficult for to produce the phenomenon of blocking, and simultaneously, that E type retainer ring pressing machine of the present invention has advantages of is simple in structure, easy to operate, automaticity is high, high installation quality and production efficiency.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the present invention is done further and to specify.
Fig. 1 is the work schematic diagram I of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Fig. 2 is the work schematic diagram II of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Fig. 3 is the front view of the pressing mechanism of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Fig. 4 is the left view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the upward view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 6 is the stereogram of the pressing mechanism of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Fig. 7 is the work schematic diagram I of the pressing mechanism of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Fig. 8 is the work schematic diagram II of the pressing mechanism of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Fig. 9 is the front view of pneumatic chuck of material fetching mechanism of the pressing mechanism of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Figure 10 is the top view of Fig. 9;
Figure 11 is the left view of Fig. 9;
Figure 12 is the stereogram of pneumatic chuck of material fetching mechanism of the pressing mechanism of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Figure 13 is the work schematic diagram I of pneumatic chuck of material fetching mechanism of the pressing mechanism of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Figure 14 is the work schematic diagram II of pneumatic chuck of material fetching mechanism of the pressing mechanism of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Figure 15 is the work schematic diagram III of the pressing mechanism of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Figure 16 is the work schematic diagram III of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Figure 17 is the work schematic diagram IV of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Figure 18 is the front view of bin of the feeding machanism of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Figure 19 is the stereogram of bin of the feeding machanism of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the feeding machanism of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Figure 21 is the front view that the conveying of the feeding machanism of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine is cut somebody's hair;
Figure 22 is the stereogram that the conveying of the feeding machanism of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine is cut somebody's hair;
Figure 23 is the stereogram of objective table of the feeding machanism of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Figure 24 is the use schematic diagram of the feeding machanism of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Figure 25 is the stereogram of the detent mechanism of a kind of E type of the present invention retainer ring pressing machine;
Figure 26 is the structural representation of E type retainer ring pressing machine in the prior art.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, 2, this E type retainer ring pressing machine has the workbench of a frame-type, and workbench is comprised of upper frame 2 and lower section frame 3, and each framework is provided with six rectangle frames; Bottom in the lower section frame 3 of workbench is provided with four legs that nut type is adjustable, and this leg can be regulated height by turn.Be provided with feeding machanism, pressing mechanism, detent mechanism, controller 1 and input-output equipment at workbench.Controller 1 is arranged in the lower section frame 3 of workbench; Feeding machanism, pressing mechanism, detent mechanism, input-output equipment all are arranged on the upper frame 2 of workbench.
Shown in Fig. 3,4,5,6, pressing mechanism comprises cross lead screw 5 detent mechanisms, is pressed into assembly, material fetching mechanism.Cross lead screw 5 detent mechanisms comprise servomotor 4, screw mandrel 5, screw rod bushing 6, gib block 7, fixed head 8 and top board 9.Top board 9 is fixed in the upper frame 2 of workbench by four root posts; Gib block 7 is type linearly, which is provided with the linear pattern groove and is fixed by screws on the top board 9, is equipped with between 7, two gib blocks 7 of two such gib blocks at top board 9 to be parallel relation; Screw mandrel 5 and servomotor 4 all are fixed on the top board 9 by installing plate, and installing plate is fixed by screws on the top board 9; Link together by shaft coupling 10 between servomotor 4 and the screw mandrel 5, screw rod bushing 6 is installed on the screw mandrel 5, is flexibly connected by screw thread between screw mandrel 5 and the screw rod bushing 6, be parallel relation between screw mandrel 5 and the gib block 7, and between two gib blocks 7, fixed head 8 is fixedly connected with screw rod bushing 6.During the work of cross lead screw 5 detent mechanisms, servomotor 4 rotates and then drives the motion of screw rod bushing 6 transverse horizontal, owing to servomotor 4 is connected with controller 1, so accurately locate when cross lead screw 5 detent mechanisms can move in the horizontal direction.
Be pressed into assembly comprise be pressed into frame, be pressed into cylinder 11, lead 12.Be pressed into frame and formed by upper mounting plate 14 and lower installation board 15, connect and form the frame structure of solid between upper mounting plate 14 and the lower installation board 15 by four joint pins.Be pressed into cylinder 11 and lead 12 and all be installed in and be pressed in the frame, the flexible push rod that is pressed into cylinder 11 passes lower installation board 15 and is positioned at and is pressed into the frame outside, and is connected with controller 1; Two leads 12 are installed in being pressed into frame, and lead 12 outsides are equipped with fairlead 13, and fairlead 13 is fixedly connected with being pressed into frame, and lead 12 also passes lower installation board 15 and is positioned at and is pressed into the frame outside.Upper mounting plate 14 is fixedly connected with fixed head 8; Two slide blocks 16 are installed on the upper mounting plate 14, are flexibly connected by two slide blocks 16 and two gib blocks 7.Be pressed into the bottom that assembly is installed in cross lead screw 5 detent mechanisms, the flexible push rod that is pressed into cylinder 11 when being pressed into assembly work is protruding, vertically arranges owing to being pressed into cylinder 11, and the expanded range of therefore flexible push rod only limits on the vertical direction of relative level face.
Material fetching mechanism comprises feeding cylinder 17, cylinder block 18, pneumatic chuck 19.Cylinder block 18 is rectangular-shaped and is provided with opening at two adjacent face, and a side of cylinder is fixedly connected with the lead 12 that is pressed into assembly, also is connected with the flexible push rod that is pressed into cylinder 11.Cylinder block 18 and be pressed between the flexible push rod of cylinder 11 and be connected with floating junction 20.Feeding cylinder 17 is installed in cylinder block 18 for this vertical side of this face that is connected the flexible push rod that is pressed into cylinder 11, feeding cylinder 17 is connected with controller 1, feeding cylinder 17 is 90 degree rotary cylinders, and its clutch end passes cylinder block 18 and is positioned at cylinder block 18 inside.In cylinder block 18 inside, pneumatic chuck 19 is fixed in the rotating shaft 21, and is vertical annexation between pneumatic chuck 19 and the rotating shaft 21; Rotating shaft 21 is fixed on cylinder block 18 inside by installing plate, and rotating shaft 21 is connected with the clutch end of feeding cylinder 17.Pneumatic chuck 19 can be turned over 90 degree during 17 work of feeding cylinder, and then can allow pneumatic chuck 19 be positioned on the different stations.Effective station of pneumatic chuck 19 has two, and one is positioned on the vertical direction, and one is positioned on the horizontal direction.Shown in Fig. 3,7,8, during nature, pneumatic chuck 19 is on vertical direction or the horizontal direction all the time.
Shown in Fig. 9,10,11,12, pneumatic chuck 19 is provided with two relative intermediate plates 22, and intermediate plate 22 all is flat, and they are relative state in this flat side.All be provided with cross section draw-in groove triangular in shape 23 on every intermediate plate 22, draw-in groove 23 is whole curved, and its two ends just are positioned on mutually perpendicular of 22 two adjacency of intermediate plate.As shown in figure 11, the bottom of draw-in groove 23 is skewed, and the top is horizontal.Also be provided with arc-shaped slot 24 on the intermediate plate 22, this arc-shaped slot 24 is positioned at this end that draw-in groove 23 is provided with horizontal position.Intermediate plate 22 is provided with relative draw-in groove 23, and pneumatic chuck 19 has formed a length length and knockdown draw-in groove 23 at this place that is provided with intermediate plate 22 thus, simultaneously, has also formed a knockdown arc-shaped slot 24 that length is long.Pneumatic chuck 19 is connected with controller 1, and as shown in figure 13, intermediate plate 22 lateral separation during work just produced spacing between such two intermediate plates 22, and the transverse width between the draw-in groove 23 increase.As shown in figure 14, in case E type collar is positioned within the gripping range of intermediate plate 22, after resetting, intermediate plate 22 E type collar can be clamped in the draw-in groove 23.Because the bevelled design of draw-in groove 23 tools can tightly be fitted in this end that draw-in groove 23 is provided with horizontal position with E type collar after clamping E type collar, draw-in groove 23 tops all maintain an equal level, so just can play the effect of correcting E type collar, make crooked E type collar can in reclaiming process, obtain suitable rectification, become smooth, and then be convenient to follow-up push operation.The aperture position that is clipped in rear arc notch 24 on the pneumatic chuck 19 at E type collar is also darker than E type collar opening position, the axle of rotor can be embedded in the intermediate plate 22 by arc-shaped slot 24 when being pressed into E type collar like this, thereby better finishes the fitting operation of E type collar.
Pressing mechanism just can accurately be located after having the above-mentioned functions parts in the horizontal direction; The lifting of energy in the vertical direction; Can be on horizontal plane feeding, do push operation at vertical plane.This is that screw mandrel 5 MECHANISM PRECISION are high, so can reach high-precision location by control because cross lead screw 5 detent mechanisms adopt screw mandrel 5 transmissions.Servomotor 4 high-speed motions during the work of cross lead screw 5 detent mechanisms, so that screw mandrel 5 is in high-speed motion state, movement velocity is very fast in the horizontal direction so just to cause screw rod bushing 6.In case screw rod bushing 6 drives and is pressed into assembly and material fetching mechanism transverse shifting, then pressing mechanism has obtained larger momentum in the horizontal direction.Because pressing mechanism has the station of unique factory setting, the position that namely pressing mechanism must be in during feeding.This station is positioned at an end of cross lead screw 5 detent mechanisms, for making pressing mechanism can rest on steadily, accurately this end, these cross lead screw 5 detent mechanisms also comprise a sensing mechanism that is used for the deceleration location, as shown in figure 15, this sensing mechanism comprises deceleration sensor 25, alignment sensor 26, deceleration sensing chip 27, location sensing chip 28.Deceleration sensing chip 27 is positioned at an end of upper mounting plate 14 avris, and location sensing chip 28 is positioned at the middle part of upper mounting plate 14 avris, and the sensing chip 27 that therefore slows down, location sensing chip 28 Heterogeneous Permutations are on installing plate.According to the direction of motion that should hold towards gib block 7, deceleration sensing chip 27 is positioned at the place ahead of location sensing chip 28.Deceleration sensor 25, alignment sensor 26 all are installed on the gib block 7, when deceleration sensing chip 27 and location sensing chip 28 when being pressed into the assembly transverse shifting, deceleration sensing chip 27 just can be through the induction region of deceleration sensor 25, and location sensing chip 28 just can be through the induction region of alignment sensor 26.Deceleration sensor 25, alignment sensor 26 all are connected with controller 1, in a single day after entering reclaiming process, detect signal, controller 1 just reduces servomotor 4 rotating speeds, slow down the movement velocity of whole pressing mechanism, finally judge stop position by the induced signal of alignment sensor 26, stop rear material fetching mechanism and just be positioned at the feeding station, and the beginning feeding.
For making things convenient for the material fetching mechanism feeding, the feeding machanism of this E type retainer ring pressing machine adopts full-automatic feed design.As shown in figure 24, this feeding machanism comprises bin 29, objective table 30, conveying cylinder 31, and the three is installed on the backing plate 41, and backing plate 41 is rectangular-shaped, and backing plate 41 is fixed on the upper frame 2 of workbench by four joint pins.Shown in Figure 18,19, bin 29 is whole straight, and its cross section is T-shaped; Side at bin 29 is fixedly connected with support 32, this support 32 is trapezoidal, and a side direction is provided with projection outward, and bin 29 is fixed on this end that support 32 is provided with projection, and bin 29 bottom level are higher than support 32 bottom level after installing, so bin 29 bottoms are vacant state.As shown in figure 23, objective table 30 be one rectangular-shaped and be provided with the structure of boss in a side, its cross section is convex.The cross section of this boss is curved, and its cross-sectional width and length are much smaller than width and the length of E type collar.Be provided with stair-stepping groove on the top of objective table 30, these grooves are used for being connected with conveying cylinder 31.Objective table 30 is positioned at the below of bin 29 bodies, separation spacing between objective table 30 tops and the bin 29 and space is arranged, and this space height is a bit larger tham the thickness of monolithic E type collar.The conveying cylinder is connected with controller 1, and as shown in figure 20, conveying cylinder 31 is provided with conveying and cuts somebody's hair 33, and conveying 33 thickness of cutting somebody's hair are slightly smaller than the thickness of E type collar, and cut somebody's hair 33 operation end of this conveying is positioned at the groove on objective table 30 tops.Shown in Figure 21,22, cut somebody's hair 33 operation end of conveying is convex, and top is flat, the bottom is provided with rectangle and leads protruding stupefied 34, this leads protruding stupefied 34 corresponding with the direction recess 35 of objective table 30 upper width minimums, 33 flat parts are corresponding with the groove of objective table 30 upper width maximums and conveying is cut somebody's hair, and conveying is cut somebody's hair and 33 just can be embedded in stably on the objective table 30 like this.By leading protruding stupefied 34 and the cooperation of direction recess 35, conveying is cut somebody's hair 33 can do rectilinear motion at objective table 30 stably.Because material fetching mechanism is that 90 degree turn to feeding, must guarantee on the feeding station that the intermediate plate 22 of pneumatic chuck 19 and conveying are cut somebody's hair 33 to be on the same level, so conveying cut somebody's hair 33 and intermediate plate 22 be arranged on the same level.
As shown in figure 24, during filler, E type collar is packed into from bin 29 tops, and E type collar is stacked together on bin 29 after loading.The E type collar that is positioned at bin 29 bottoms has dropped on the groove of the width maximum on objective table 30 tops, conveying was cut somebody's hair and 33 is promoted E type collars and outwards export after conveying cylinder 31 started, this moment, the intermediate plate 22 of pneumatic chuck 19 was in the state that opens, entered in the draw-in groove 23 of intermediate plate 22 by the conveying 33 E type collars of releasing of cutting somebody's hair, and then finish the feed operation.
Shown in Figure 20,24, support 32 at bin 29 is provided with without material alarm sensor 36, this is without the bottom of material alarm sensor 36 over against bin 29 bodies, when having E type collar on the bin 29, just can not detect this state without material alarm sensor 36, owing to being connected with controller 1 without material alarm sensor 36, therefore this nothing material signal just can be obtained and make by controller 1 corresponding safety measure.
As shown in figure 25, the detent mechanism of this E type retainer ring pressing machine comprises back-up block 37, clamping cylinder 38 and positioning base 39.Positioning base 39 is provided with two back-up blocks 37, and every back-up block 37 all is fixedly connected on the positioning base 39, and positioning base 39 is fixed on the upper frame 2.Back-up block 37 is provided with a groove, and these grooves are used for placing the rotating shaft of rotor.Clamping cylinder 38 is connected on the positioning base 39 by Connection Block 40, and Connection Block 40 is rectangular-shaped, and it is fixed by screws on the positioning base 39.Two back-up blocks 37 and clamping cylinder 38 are located along the same line, and namely two groove centers all are on the same straight line with the flexible center of cutting somebody's hair of clamping cylinder 38.
This E type retainer ring pressing machine is for guaranteeing the security of workman's operation, and four vertical frameworks on the upper frame 2 of workbench are provided with three clear glasses and a safe grating, and three surface glasses surround workbench upper frame 2 in the space of only having an outlet; This safe grating is connected with controller 1, and is arranged on the exit of upper frame 2.Safe grating is comprised of illuminating circuit, sensor circuit and signal processing circuit, and illuminating circuit, sensor circuit all are connected with signal processing circuit, and signal processing circuit is connected with controller 1.Illuminating circuit sends and detects light to sensor circuit, represents not have object to enter the operating space from the place that is provided with safe grating when sensor circuit receives light; When having object to enter the operating area of this E type retainer ring pressing machine, the light that illuminating circuit sends is blocked by object, this moment, sensor circuit was collected less than light, signal processing circuit is judged operating area thus can not carry out safety operation, and then this danger signal sent to controller 1, controller 1 is carried out safety measure.Input-output equipment has comprised liquid crystal display, starting switch, emergency button, and these input-output equipment all are arranged on this framework that is provided with safe grating, and all is to be connected with controller 1, is controlled by controller 1.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, rotor on detent mechanism is laid is embedded in the rotating shaft of rotor in the groove of back-up block 37, and then clamping cylinder 38 elongations are fixed on rotor on the detent mechanism.Pressing mechanism enters the feeding station, and this moment, the pneumatic chuck 19 of material fetching mechanism was horizontal, and conveying cylinder 31 output E type collars are given the pneumatic chuck 19 that opens, obtain E type collar after pneumatic chuck 19 clamp.
Because rotor need to be installed the position of E type collar two places are arranged, so pressing mechanism provides two to be pressed into station.As shown in figure 16, the pressing mechanism of feeding success laterally moves to first and is pressed into station, and this moment, the pneumatic chuck 19 of material fetching mechanism was on the vertical plane; The cylinder 11 that is pressed into that is pressed in the assembly extends, and pneumatic chuck 19 is moved straight down, and then finish the push operation of E type collar.When push operation was finished, pneumatic chuck 19 opened, and is pressed into the assembly contraction material fetching mechanism is moved straight up.Laterally move to second through pressing mechanism after the feeding operation again and be pressed into station, as shown in figure 17, through the same action that is pressed into, the other end of rotor is also finished the push operation of E type collar.This E type retainer ring pressing machine can be set a plurality of stations by cross lead screw 5 detent mechanisms, once put into the push operation that the rotor that needs processing just can be finished whole E type collars, thereby it has advantages of that obvious production efficiency is high.

Claims (10)

1. E type retainer ring pressing machine, this E type retainer ring pressing machine comprises feeding machanism, pressing mechanism, detent mechanism, controller (1), input-output equipment and workbench, described feeding machanism, pressing mechanism, detent mechanism, controller (1), input-output equipment all is installed on the workbench, described pressing mechanism is provided with the assembly that is pressed into of vertical motion, describedly be pressed into assembly and detent mechanism is on the same vertical direction, it is characterized in that: described pressing mechanism also comprises cross lead screw (5) detent mechanism that can move horizontally and has the material fetching mechanism that 90 degree turn to feeding, described cross lead screw (5) detent mechanism comprises servomotor (4), screw mandrel (5), screw rod bushing (6), gib block (7), fixed head (8), described gib block (7) is fixed on the workbench, described servomotor (4), screw mandrel (5) is fixed on the workbench by installing plate, described servomotor (4) is connected with controller (1), described servomotor (4) is connected with screw mandrel (5), described screw mandrel (5) is connected with screw rod bushing (6), described gib block (7) is parallel with screw mandrel (5), described screw rod bushing (6) is fixedly connected with fixed head (8), described gib block (7) is flexibly connected with fixed head (8), the described assembly that is pressed into is installed on the fixed head (8), be connected by being pressed into assembly between described gib block (7) and the fixed head (8), described material fetching mechanism comprises feeding cylinder (17), cylinder block (18), pneumatic chuck (19), described cylinder block (18) is fixedly connected on and is pressed on the assembly, described feeding cylinder (17) is fixedly connected on cylinder block (18) and upward and with controller (1) is connected, described pneumatic chuck (19) is connected with feeding cylinder (17) by rotating shaft (21), described pneumatic chuck (19) is connected with controller (1), described pneumatic chuck (19) is vertically connected in the rotating shaft (21), and described pneumatic chuck (19) is positioned at the top of detent mechanism.
2. described E type retainer ring pressing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described pressing mechanism also is provided with deceleration sensor (25), alignment sensor (26), deceleration sensing chip (27), location sensing chip (28), described deceleration sensor (25), alignment sensor (26) are installed in gib block (7) and upward and with controller (1) are connected, and described deceleration sensing chip (27), location sensing chip (28) are installed in and are pressed on the assembly.
3. described E type retainer ring pressing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: pneumatic chuck (19) is provided with two intermediate plates (22), described intermediate plate (22) is provided with cross section draw-in groove triangular in shape (23), two described intermediate plates (22) also are provided with arc-shaped slot (24) at this end that is provided with draw-in groove (23) in opposite directions and right on the described intermediate plate (22).
4. described E type retainer ring pressing machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described being pressed between assembly and the cylinder block (18) is connected by floating junction (20).
5. described E type retainer ring pressing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described feeding machanism comprises bin (29), objective table (30), conveying cylinder (31), described bin (29) is provided with for passive support (32), described bin (29) is straight and its cross section is T-shaped, described objective table (30) is positioned at bin (29) below, described conveying cylinder (31) is provided with for the conveying that pushes E type collar cut somebody's hair (33), described conveying cut somebody's hair (33) be convex, described conveying cut somebody's hair (33) be positioned between objective table (30) and the bin (29), cut somebody's hair (33) and intermediate plate (22) of described conveying is in same level.
6. described E type retainer ring pressing machine according to claim 5 is characterized in that: described conveying cut somebody's hair (33) be provided with guiding protruding stupefied (34), described objective table (30) is provided with the direction recess (35) to should lead protruding stupefied (34).
7. it is characterized in that according to claim 5 or 6 described E type retainer ring pressing machines: described objective table (30) is provided with the cut somebody's hair outward extending boss of (33) of corresponding conveying.
8. described E type retainer ring pressing machine according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described bin (29) is provided with the nothing material alarm sensor (36) that is connected with controller (1), and is described without expecting that alarm sensor (36) is over against bin (29) bottom.
9. described E type retainer ring pressing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described detent mechanism comprises back-up block (37), clamping cylinder (38) and the positioning base (39) for supporting motor rotor, described back-up block (37) is connected on the positioning base (39), described clamping cylinder (38) is connected on the positioning base (39) by Connection Block (40), described positioning base (39) is fixed on the workbench, and described clamping cylinder (38) also is connected with controller (1).
10. described E type retainer ring pressing machine according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: described workbench is provided with the safe grating for the protection of the workman; described safe grating is connected with controller (1), and described safe grating is positioned at this end that workbench is provided with detent mechanism.
CN 201010251266 2010-08-10 2010-08-10 E-shaped collar pressing machine CN102371478B (en)

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