CN102370533A - Conveying system provided with cold circulating system and used for treating lung volume reduction - Google Patents

Conveying system provided with cold circulating system and used for treating lung volume reduction Download PDF

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CN102370533A
CN102370533A CN 201110240774 CN201110240774A CN102370533A CN 102370533 A CN102370533 A CN 102370533A CN 201110240774 CN201110240774 CN 201110240774 CN 201110240774 A CN201110240774 A CN 201110240774A CN 102370533 A CN102370533 A CN 102370533A
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handle
water
system
provided
outer
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CN 201110240774
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CN102370533B (en
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任艳飞
常承忠
常盛
张家兴
王昌惠
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常承忠
张家兴
王昌惠
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Abstract

The invention provides a conveying system provided with a cold circulating system and used for treating lung volume reduction, which comprises a valve bracket, an outer sleeve pipe, a metal hose and a handle, wherein both ends of the metal hose are respectively connected with the outer sleeve pipe and the handle, the inside of the outer sleeve pipe is provided with a cooling cavity, the valve bracket is arranged inside the outer sleeve pipe, a cold circulating system connected with the valve bracket is arranged in a conveying system body, and the valve bracket is divided into a multi-section type structure. After the valve bracket is softened and reset, the valve bracket is arranged inside the outer sleeve pipe, the tail end of the metal hose is provided with a pushing handle, and the metal hose is driven by the pushing handle to displace back and forth in the handle. When the metal hose is backwards displaced, the outer sleeve pipe is driven to backwards displace, and the valve bracket also extends out of the inside of the outer sleeve pipe and is placed into the bronchus of a lung. The conveying system provided with the cold circulating system and used for treating the lung volume reduction has the advantages of convenient use, high safety and reliability and the like. The softening and the resetting of the valve bracket in the bronchus of the lung are controlled by adopting a cold circulating mode, and then the valve bracket is recovered to the inside of the outer sleeve pipe. The injury caused to the bronchus of the lung in the recovering process can be avoided.

Description

带有冷循环系统的用于治疗肺减容的输送系统 With delivery system circulation cooling system for a therapeutic lung volume reduction of

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种医疗器械,特别是一种输送系统,尤其是一种带有冷循环系统的用于治疗肺减容的输送系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to a medical instrument, in particular a conveyor system, in particular a conveyor system with a refrigeration cycle system for the treatment of lung volume reduction.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 目前,临床上治疗肺气肿的方法是在肺支气管中植入肺减容支架,从而通过肺减容支架阻断肺气肿所在部位肺组织气体的进入,使健康的肺部组织空间得到膨胀加大,以实现恢复肺部功能。 [0002] Currently, a method of treating emphysema clinically implanted in lung volume reduction in lung bronchial stent, thereby blocking the site where the lung tissue of emphysema entered by lung volume reduction gas holder, so that the healthy lung tissue space has expanded to increase, in order to achieve recovery of lung function. 在使用过程中,肺减容支架一般是通过输送系统被植入到肺支气管内部的。 During use, lung volume reduction is generally implanted stent inside the delivery system through the bronchi. 如果在肺减容支架在植入过程中出现位置上的偏差或植入位置不正确,就需要将其由植入位置中收回,重新再进行植入操作。 If the deviation in the position of implantation or during implantation occurs in lung volume reduction stand is not correct, it is necessary to its retracted position by the implant, re-implantation operation.

[0003] 肺减容支架会在肺支气管形成支撑结构,使其体积变大,然而,由于现有的输送系统只能通过简单的抽拉方式将肺减容支架取出,由于支架支撑力大,无法顺利取出,因此就会对肺支气管的内壁上造成损伤,势必会对患者带来新的伤害。 [0003] Lung volume reduction of stents formed in bronchopulmonary support structure, its volume is increased, however, since the delivery system of the conventional drawing only a simple manner bracket from lung volume reduction due to a large supporting force, can not be successfully removed, therefore it will cause damage to the inner wall of the bronchus of the lung, is bound to bring new damage would be patient.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 针对上述技术的不足之处,本发明提供一种采用冷循环方式以使瓣膜支架变软复位,再将其由肺支气管中回收至外套管内部的带有冷循环系统的用于治疗肺减容的输送系统。 [0004] In response to these deficiencies art, the present invention provides a cyclic manner so that cold soft reset valve support, which is then recovered from the lungs to the inside of the bronchial tube with the outer circulation cooling system for the treatment lung volume reduction of the delivery system.

[0005] 为实现上述目的,本发明提供一种带有冷循环系统的用于治疗肺减容的输送系统,包括瓣膜支架、外套管、金属软管以及手柄,所述金属软管的两端分别与所述外套管以及手柄相连接,在所述外套管的内部设有降温腔,所述瓣膜支架设置所述外套管的内部,还包括冷循环系统,所述冷循环系统用于控制瓣膜支架变软复位,变软复位后所述瓣膜支架回收至所述外套管的内部;所述瓣膜支架分为多段式结构,在所述金属软管的末端设有推送把手,所述推送把手带动所述金属软管在所述手柄中进行前后位移,所述金属软管向后位移时带动所述外套管向后位移,并将所述瓣膜支架由所述外套管内部伸出并放置在肺支气管内。 [0005] To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the delivery system with both ends of one kind of refrigerating cycle of a system for treating a lung volume reduction, including the valve support, the outer tube, a metal tube and a handle, the metal hose are connected to the outer sleeve, and a handle, the cooling chamber is provided inside the outer tube, the valve support disposed inside the outer sleeve, further comprising a refrigerating cycle system, the refrigerating cycle system for controlling the valve stent soft reset, soft reset after recovering the valve support to the interior of the outer tube; the valve support is divided into multi-stage structure, the push handle is provided at an end of the metal hose, the push handle drive the metal hose longitudinal displacement in the handle, drives the overtube rearward displacement of the rearward displacement of the metal hose and the valve support extending from said inner and outer tubes are placed in the lung endobronchial.

[0006] 所述手柄的顶部设有用于所述推送把手移动的把手滑动槽,在所述手柄的末端设有水冷接头,所述手柄的前端还设有外保护套,所述外保护套包裹在所述金属软管的外侧, 所述外保护套的末端与所述手柄的前端面相连接。 [0006] The top of the handle is provided with a handle for moving the push handle slide groove, with water-cooling at the end of the joint of the handle, the distal end of the handle is also provided with an outer protective sheath, said outer protective sheath wrap outside the metal tube, the outer protective sheath with an end surface of the distal end of the handle is connected.

[0007] 所述水冷接头与所述金属软管内部的水冷管道相连通,所述水冷管道与所述降温腔相连通。 [0007] The linker cooled inside the water cooling pipe communicating metal hose, the water-cooling duct communicated with the cooling chamber.

[0008] 在所述外套管的外壁表面设有刻度线,所述刻度线用于瓣膜支架在肺支气管中定位。 [0008] provided with tick marks on the outer wall surface of said outer sleeve, said valve support for locating tick marks in the lung bronchi.

[0009] 所述外套管还设有进水管道与出水管道,所述进水管道设置在所述降温腔的内部,所述出水管道设置在所述进水管道与所述降温腔之间,所述水冷管道通过所述进水管道将冷水输送至所述降温腔中,再通过所述出水管道回流至所述水冷管道中形成水冷循环系统。 [0009] The outer sleeve also has a water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, the inlet pipe disposed inside the cooling chamber, the outlet duct disposed between the inlet duct and the cooling chamber, the cold water cooled pipe delivered to the cooling chamber through the inlet conduit, the outlet conduit and then through a water-cooled reflux conduit to the water circulation system is formed.

[0010] 所述瓣膜支架由第一支架以及与所述第一支架末端相连接的第二支架构成,所述第一支架与所述第二支架均为网状结构,并且由记忆合金制成,第一支架和第二支架之间设有单向通气阀门,所述第一支架的直径大于所述第二支架的直径,所述第二支架包裹在所述降温腔的前端,并且通过所述安装挂钩固定在所述降温腔的外壁上。 [0010] The valve support is constituted by a first bracket and a second bracket and the first bracket end is connected to the first bracket and the second bracket are a mesh structure, and is made of a memory alloy , is provided between the first and second brackets unidirectional breather valve, the first stent diameter is larger than the diameter of the second bracket, the second bracket in the front end of wrapping cooling chamber, and by the said mounting hook fixed outer wall of the cooling chamber.

[0011] 在所述金属软管的内部设有出水通道与进水通道,在所述进水通道与所述出水通道之间设有用于放置钢丝的内腔,所述进水通道以及所述出水通道的两端分别与所述降温腔以及所述水冷接头相连通,所述进水通道、所述出水通道、所述降温腔以及所述水冷接头形成水冷循环系统。 [0011] outlet channel and the inlet passage is provided inside the metal hose is provided with a lumen for wire disposed between the inlet passage and the outlet passage, said inlet passage and said ends respectively connected to the outlet passage of the cooling chamber and cooled linker communicating the inlet passage, the outlet passage, said chamber and said cooling water circulation system forming the water cooling joint.

[0012] 所述钢丝的前端由所述金属软管的内部延伸至所述外套管内部用于放置金属体的空腔中,并与所述金属体的末端相连接,所述金属体通过所述安装挂钩与所述瓣膜支架的末端相连接。 [0012] The front end of the wire extending from the inside of the outer metal hose to the inner tube for placement in the cavity of the metal body, and connected to an end of the metal body, the metal body by the said mounting hook is connected with the end of the valve support.

[0013] 所述钢丝的前端由所述金属软管的内部延伸至所述外套管内部用于放置爪钩的空腔中,并与所述爪钩的末端相连接,所述爪钩前端的弯钩卡设在所述瓣膜支架末端的侧壁上。 [0013] The front end of the wire extending from the inside of the outer metal hose to the inner tube for placing the catch cavity, and connected to an end of the hook pawl, the pawl tip of the hook card provided on the side wall hook ends of the stent of the valve.

[0014] 若所述瓣膜支架放入的位置正确,所述瓣膜支架在36°C以上的温度时自动张开呈网状结构,并与设置在所述降温腔外壁的所述安装挂钩分离,以放入肺支气管内;若所述瓣膜支架放入的位置有偏差,与所述瓣膜支架相连接的所述降温腔会采用水冷的方式瓣膜支架变软复位,并通过所述推送手柄与所述金属软管被回收至所述外套管中。 [0014] When the valve holder in the correct position, the valve automatically open reticular structure of the stent at a temperature above 36 ° C, and provided in the outer wall of the cooling chamber separate mounting hook, in the lung into the bronchus; if the valve holder in position deviation, the cooling chamber and the valve will be connected to water-cooled holder way valve support soft reset, and the push handle and through the said metal tube is recycled to the outer tube.

[0015] 与现有技术相比,本发明具有以下优点: [0015] Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:

[0016] 本发明提供的带有冷循环系统的用于治疗肺减容的输送系统具有使用方便,安全可靠等优点,采用冷循环方式以控制瓣膜支架在肺支气管中变软复位,再将其由肺支气管中回收至外套管内部。 [0016] The present invention provides the delivery system with the advantages of a refrigerating cycle system for treating a lung volume reduction is easy to use, safe and reliable, cold loop manner to control the valve support soft reset bronchi in the lungs, which then bronchial recovered from the lungs to the interior of the outer sleeve. 在使用过程中,如果瓣膜支架放入的位置正确,可通过推送把手将支架送入肺支气管内,瓣膜支架脱离降温腔,并自动张开呈网状结构;如果瓣膜支架放入的位置有偏差,可通过降温腔采用水冷循环的方式使瓣膜支架变软复位,并通过推送手柄与金属软管被回收至外套管中,以避免在回收过程中对肺支气管造成伤害的目的。 During use, if the valve stent into the correct position, the stent may be fed into the handle through the push bronchi, the stent-valve from the cooling chamber, and automatically open reticular structure; if the valve stent into position deviation It may be employed by the cooling water circulation chamber a way that the valve support soft reset, and is recycled to the outer tube and the metal tube by pushing the handle, in order to avoid damage to the object of the recovery process of the bronchi.

附图说明 [0017] 图1为本发明中第一实施例的剖视图; [0018] 图2为本发明中第二实施例的剖视图; [0019] 图3为本发明中第三实施例的剖视图; [0020] 图4为图3中瓣膜支架与爪钩分离后的示意图。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION cross-sectional view of the embodiment [0017] FIG. 1 a first embodiment of the present invention; cross-sectional view of a second embodiment of the invention [0018] FIG 2 present; sectional view of a third embodiment of the invention [0019] FIG 3 is ; [0020] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the valve support and the separating claw in FIG. [0021] 主要符号说明如下: [0022] 1瓣膜支架 2外套管 3金属软管[0023] 4手柄 5第一支架 6第二支架[0024] 7降温腔 8进水管道 9出水管道[0025] 10安装挂钩 11水冷管道 12推送把手[0026] 13手把滑动槽 14水冷接头 15外保护套[0027] 16钢丝 17金属体 18爪钩[0028] 19弯钩 20通孔 21空腔具体实施方式 [0021] The main symbols as follows: [0022] 1 2 overtube valve support metal hose 3 [0023] The first bracket 6 4 second lever bracket 5 [0024] 7 inlet pipe 8 cooling chamber outlet pipe 9 [0025] 10 mounting hook 11 to push the water-cooled pipes 12 of the handle [0026] 14 water-cooled slide groove joint 13 the handle 15 outside the protective cover [0027] 16 17 the metal wire claws 18 [0028] 19 through hole 21 cavity 20 hook Detailed Description

[0029] 下面结合附图和实施例对本发明作进一步详细说明。 Drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail [0029] below in conjunction.

[0030] 如图1所示,本实施例提供的带有冷循环系统的用于治疗肺减容的输送系统,由瓣膜支架1、外套管2、金属软管3以及手柄4构成,其中,金属软管3的两端分别与外套管2以及手柄4相连接,金属软管3 —端与外套管2相连接,另一端则贯穿于手柄4的内部。 [0030] 1, the present embodiment provided with the cooling circulation system for treating a lung volume reduction of the delivery system, the valve support 1, the outer sleeve 2, the metal constituting the hose 3 and a handle 4, wherein, 3 are at both ends of the metal hose and the outer sleeve 2 and a handle 4 is connected to the metal hose 3 - end of the outer sleeve 2 is connected to the other end through the inside of the handle 4. 在外套管2、金属软管3以及手柄4中设有冷循环系统,该冷循环系统用于控制瓣膜支架变软复位。 The outer sleeve 2, the handle 3 and the metal hose 4 is provided with a refrigerating cycle system, the refrigerating cycle system for controlling the valve support soft reset. 本实施例中的冷循环系统为水冷循环系统,该水冷循环系统由降温腔7、进水管道8、出水管道9、水冷管道11以及水冷接头14构成,其中,降温腔7、进水管道8以及出水管道9设置在外套管2的内部,进水管道8设置在降温腔7的内部,降温腔7的长度大于进水管道8的长度,降温腔7的末端与进水管道8的末端为同平面设置,在进水管道8的管壁外侧与降温腔7的管壁内侧之间形成出水管道9,该出水管道9的末端也与降温腔7以及进水管道8的末端为同平面设置。 In the refrigerating cycle system according to the present embodiment is a water circulation system, the water circulation system 7, water inlet pipe 8, the water outlet pipe 9, the water-cooled duct 11 and the joint 14 is constituted by a water-cooled cooling chamber, wherein the cooling chamber 7, water inlet pipe 8 and a water outlet pipe 9 is provided inside the outer sleeve 2, the water inlet pipe 8 is disposed inside the cooling chamber 7, the length of the cooling chamber 7 is greater than the length of the inlet duct 8, with the inlet end of the cooling chamber end of the duct 7 to 8 same plane disposed between the outer wall and the inner wall of the cooling chamber 7 of the water inlet pipe 8 outlet pipe 9 is formed, the end of the outlet pipe 9 and also cooling chamber 7 and the inlet end of the duct 8 is provided with a plane . 在外套管2的内管壁与降温腔7的外管壁之间设有用于放置变软复位后瓣膜支架的内腔。 It is provided between the outer wall and the inner wall of the outer sleeve 72 of the cooling chamber for placing a lumen of the valve support after the soft reset. 水冷管道11设在金属软管3中,该水冷管道11的两端与金属软管3的两端面同平面设置。 Water cooling pipe 11 is provided in the metal tube 3, both end surfaces of the metal tube ends with a water-cooled pipe 11 3 disposed coplanar. 在金属软管3末端的顶部设有推送把手12。 3 at the top end of the metal hose provided with a push handle 12. 金属软管的末端贯穿于手柄前端面的通孔中,其内部的水冷管道11通过管道与设置在手柄4末端端面的水冷接头14相连通,水冷接头通过水冷管道以及进水管道与降温腔相连通。 End of the metal hose through the through hole in the front face of the handle, inside the water cooling pipe 11 by water pipe joints 4 provided at the end face end of the handle 14 in communication, a connector to a water-cooled by water and cooling water inlet pipe and a pipe chamber through. 在使用时,水冷接头能过水冷管道、进水管道将冷水输送至降温腔中,再通过出水管道回流至水冷管道中形成水冷循环系统。 In use, the joint can be cooled through the water cooling pipe, to the cold water inlet pipe delivering cooling chamber, cooled and then returned to the conduit system formed by water circulation outlet pipe. 在手柄4的顶部设有用于推送把手12进行移动的手把滑动槽13。 At the top of the handle 4 is provided with a handle 12 to push the handle 13 to move the slide groove. 手柄4的前端还设有外保护套15,该外保护套15包裹在金属软管3的外侧,外保护套的末端与手柄的前端面相连接。 The distal end of the handle 4 is further provided with an outer protective sleeve 15, the outer protective jacket 15 wrapped on the outside of the metal tube 3, the end surface of the distal end of the outer protective sleeve is connected to the handle. 瓣膜支架1分为两段式结构,由第一支架5以及与第一支架5末端相连接的第二支架6构成,第一支架5与第二支架6均为网状结构,并且由记忆合金制成,第一支架和第二支架之间设有单向通气阀门。 1 is divided into two-piece valve support structure, the second bracket and the first bracket 5 with a first end connected to the bracket 5 6, and the first bracket 5 and the second bracket 6 are a mesh structure, and is composed of memory alloy made of a one-way air vent valve between the first and second brackets. 第一支架5的直径大于所第二支架6的直径,第二支架6包裹在降温腔7的前端,并且通过设置在降温腔7外壁上安装挂钩10 固定在降温腔7上。 5 the diameter of the first stent diameter is larger than the second bracket 6, the front end of the second holder 6 in the wrapped cooling chamber 7, and by providing the outer wall of the cooling chamber 7 mounting hook 10 is fixed on the cooling chamber 7.

[0031] 通过金属软管末端的推送把手带动金属软管在手柄中进行前后位移,金属软管在向后位移时也带动外套管向后位移,从而将瓣膜支架由外套管内部伸出并放置在肺支气管内。 [0031] driven by pushing the handle end of the hose metal of the metal hose longitudinal displacement in the handle, the metal hose is also driven rearward displacement overtube rearward displacement, whereby the valve support extending from the interior of the outer sleeve and placed bronchus in the lungs. 在外套管的外壁表面设有刻度线(图中未描述),所述刻度线用于瓣膜支架在肺支气管中定位。 An outer wall surface of the outer sleeve is provided with the line (not depicted in the drawing), a scale line for positioning the valve support in the lung bronchi. 在使用过程中,当瓣膜支架被放入肺支气管后,在36°C以上的温度时自动张开呈网状结构,并与设置在降温腔外壁的安装挂钩分离。 In use, when the valve holder is placed bronchopulmonary, at a temperature above 36 ° C automatically open reticular structure, and the hook provided at the cooling chamber separated from the outer wall of the installation. 如果瓣膜支架放入肺支气管的位置正确,可通过推送把手12将支架送入肺支气管内,瓣膜支架脱离降温腔7,并自动张开呈网状结构;如果瓣膜支架放入的位置有偏差,可采用水冷的方式使瓣膜支架变软复位,通过安装挂钩固定在其外管壁上,然后通过推送手柄与金属软管被回收至外套管中。 If the valve stent into the correct position bronchopulmonary, by pushing the handle into the lung endobronchial stent 12, the valve support 7 from the cooling chamber, and automatically open reticular structure; if the valve stent into position deviation, It can be cooled in a manner that the valve support soft reset, by installing a hook fixed on its outer wall, and then is recycled to the outer tube by pushing the handle and the metal hose.

[0032] 另外,还可以通过在冷循环系统中输送低温气体,采用冷气循环的方式,该冷气循环系统由降温腔、进气管道、出气管道、冷气管道以及冷气接头构成。 [0032] Further, the conveying cryogenic cold gas circulation system, by way of the air circulation, the cold air circulation system by the cooling chamber, intake duct, an outlet duct, the cool air duct and the cold air can be constituted by a linker. 在使用过程中,通过该冷气循环系统使张开后的瓣膜支架变软复位。 During use, by the cold air circulation system so that the open valve support soft reset.

[0033] 如图2所示,本实施例提供的带有冷循环系统的用于治疗肺减容的输送系统,由瓣膜支架1、外套管2、金属软管3以及手柄4构成,其中,金属软管3的两端分别与外套管2以及手柄4相连接,金属软管3 —端与外套管2相连接,另一端则贯穿于手柄4的内部。 [0033] 2, the present embodiment is provided with a refrigerating cycle of a system for treating a lung volume reduction of the delivery system, the valve support 1, the outer sleeve 2, the metal constituting the hose 3 and a handle 4, wherein, 3 are at both ends of the metal hose and the outer sleeve 2 and a handle 4 is connected to the metal hose 3 - end of the outer sleeve 2 is connected to the other end through the inside of the handle 4. 在外套管2、金属软管3以及手柄4中设有水冷循环系统,该水冷循环系统用于控制瓣膜支架变软复位。 The outer casing 2, 3 metal hose and a handle 4 is provided with water circulation system, the water circulation system for controlling the valve support soft reset. 本实施例中的冷循环系统为水冷循环系统,该水冷循环系统由降温腔7、进水管道8、出水管道9以及水冷接头14构成,其中,进水管道8与出水管道9均设置在金属软管3的内部,进水管道8以及出水管道9均与金属软管3的长度相同,两端面也与金属软管的两端面同平面设置。 In the refrigerating cycle system according to the present embodiment is a water circulation system, the water circulation system 7, water inlet pipe 8, the water outlet pipe 9 and the joint 14 is constituted by a water-cooled cooling chamber, wherein the water inlet pipe 8 and outlet pipe 9 are provided at the metal 3 inside the hose, the water inlet pipe 8 and outlet pipe 9 are the same as the length of the metal hose 3, is also provided with both end faces both end faces of the metal hose coplanar. 进水管道8的两端分别与降温腔7以及水冷接头14相连通,水冷接头14依次与进水管道8、降温腔7以及出水管道9相连通,由水冷接头输入的低温水通过进水管道进入降温腔中,然后再通过出水管道加流入水冷接头,从而构成了水冷循环系统。 Both ends of the water inlet pipe 8 are water-cooled and cooling chamber 7 and the joint 14 communicates, in turn with water-cooled water inlet pipe joint 14 8, the chamber 7 and the cooling water outlet pipe 9 communicates by low temperature water cooled via water inlet pipe connector input into the cooling chamber, and then added by water flowing into the water-cooled pipe joint, thereby forming a water circulation system. 在进水通道8与出水通道9之间设有用于放置钢丝16的内腔,钢丝16的前端由金属软管3的内部向前延伸至外套管4内部用于放置金属体17的空腔21中,并与金属体17的末端相连接。 Between the water inlet channel 8 and outlet channel 9 is provided for placing a wire lumen 16, extending from the distal end of the wire 16 inside of the metal outer tube 3 forwardly to the tube 4 for placing the interior cavity 17 of the metal body 21 and mixed with the metal terminal 17 is connected. 金属体17的前端通过安装挂钩10与瓣膜支架1的末端相连接,瓣膜支架1在变软复位后可放置在该用于放置金属体17的空腔21中。 The front end of the metal body 17 by the end of the hook 10 and the mounting bracket 1 is connected to the valve, the valve support after a soft reset may be placed in the cavity 17 for placing the metal body 21. 降温腔7设置在空腔21的外壁与外套管2的内管壁之间。 Cooling chamber 7 is provided between the inner wall and the outer wall of the cavity 21 of the outer sleeve 2.

[0034] 通过金属软管末端的推送把手12带动金属软管3在手柄4中进行前后位移,金属软管在向后位移时也带动外套管向后位移,从而将瓣膜支架由外套管内部伸出并放置在肺支气管内。 [0034] driven by pushing the handle end of the hose 12 metal metal hose 3 in the handle 4 before and after the displacement, when the metal hose is also driven rearwardly displaced rearward displacement of the outer sleeve, so that the valve support extending from the interior of the outer sleeve and placed within the bronchi. 在外套管的外壁表面设有刻度线(图中未描述),刻度线用于瓣膜支架在肺支气管中定位。 An outer wall surface of the outer sleeve is provided with the line (not depicted in the drawing), a scale line is positioned in the valve support lung bronchi. 在使用过程中,当瓣膜支架被放入肺支气管后,在36°C以上的温度时自动张开呈网状结构,并与设置在金属体外壁的安装挂钩分离。 In use, when the valve holder is placed bronchopulmonary, at a temperature above 36 ° C automatically open reticular structure, and provided with a metal hook in the outer wall of the separating installation. 如果瓣膜支架放入肺支气管的位置正确,可通过推送把手12将支架送入肺支气管内,瓣膜支架脱离降温腔7,并自动张开呈网状结构;如果瓣膜支架放入的位置有偏差,那么金属体会及时与张开后的瓣膜支架相连接,从而使瓣膜支架与降温腔相接触,降温采用水冷的方式使瓣膜支架变软复位,通过安装挂钩固定在其外管壁上,然后通过推送手柄与金属软管被回收至外套管中。 If the valve stent into the correct position bronchopulmonary, the stent may be by pushing the handle 12 into the bronchi, the stent-valve from the cooling chamber 7, and automatically open reticular structure; if the valve stent into position deviation, experience with metal then connected to the valve support in time after opening, so that the valve support chamber in contact with the cooling, cooling water-cooled manner soft reset valve support, secured by hook mounted on the outer wall, and then by pushing metal hose handle and is recycled to the outer tube.

[0035] 另外,还可以通过在冷循环系统中输送低温气体,采用冷气循环的方式,该冷气循环系统由降温腔、进气管道、出气管道以及冷气接头构成。 [0035] Further, the conveying cryogenic cold gas circulation system, by way of the air circulation, the cold air circulation system by the cooling chamber, intake duct, and the cold air outlet duct configured by fitting. 在使用过程中,通过该冷气循环系统使张开后的瓣膜支架变软复位。 During use, by the cold air circulation system so that the open valve support soft reset.

[0036] 如图3与图4所示,本实施例提供的带有冷循环系统的用于治疗肺减容的输送系统,由瓣膜支架1、外套管2、金属软管3以及手柄4构成,其中,金属软管3的两端分别与外套管2以及手柄4相连接,金属软管3 —端与外套管2相连接,另一端则贯穿于手柄4的内部。 [0036] FIG. 3 and FIG. 4, the delivery system of the refrigerating cycle system for treating a lung volume reduction with an embodiment of the present embodiment provided, the valve support 1, the outer sleeve 2, the metal constituting the hose 3 and a handle 4 , wherein both ends of the metal tube 3 and respectively outer sleeve 2 and a handle 4 is connected to the metal hose 3 - end of the outer sleeve 2 is connected to the other end through the inside of the handle 4. 在外套管2、金属软管3以及手柄4中设有水冷循环系统,该水冷循环系统用于控制瓣膜支架变软复位。 The outer casing 2, 3 metal hose and a handle 4 is provided with water circulation system, the water circulation system for controlling the valve support soft reset. 本实施例中的冷循环系统为水冷循环系统,该水冷循环系统由降温腔7、 进水管道8、出水管道9以及水冷接头14构成,其中,进水管道8与出水管道9均设置在金属软管3的内部,进水管道8以及出水管道9均与金属软管3的长度相同,两端面也与金属软管的两端面同平面设置。 In the refrigerating cycle system according to the present embodiment is a water circulation system, the water circulation system 7, water inlet pipe 8, the water outlet pipe 9 and the joint 14 is constituted by a water-cooled cooling chamber, wherein the water inlet pipe 8 and outlet pipe 9 are provided at the metal 3 inside the hose, the water inlet pipe 8 and outlet pipe 9 are the same as the length of the metal hose 3, is also provided with both end faces both end faces of the metal hose coplanar. 进水管道8的两端分别与降温腔7以及水冷接头14相连通,水冷接头14依次与进水管道8、降温腔7以及出水管道9相连通,由水冷接头输入的低温水通过进水管道进入降温腔中,然后再通过出水管道加流入水冷接头,从而构成了水冷循环系统。 Both ends of the water inlet pipe 8 are water-cooled and cooling chamber 7 and the joint 14 communicates, in turn with water-cooled water inlet pipe joint 14 8, the chamber 7 and the cooling water outlet pipe 9 communicates by low temperature water cooled via water inlet pipe connector input into the cooling chamber, and then added by water flowing into the water-cooled pipe joint, thereby forming a water circulation system. 在进水通道8与出水通道9之间设有用于放置钢丝16的内腔,钢丝的前端由金属软管的内部延伸至外套管内部用于放置爪钩18的空腔21中,并与爪钩18的末端相连接。 In the inlet channel is provided for placing a wire lumen, the wire distal end extends to the inside of the outer sleeve 16 by the inner metal tube of a cavity for placement of the hook 18 of the pawl 21 and the pawl 98 between the outlet channel and end of the hook 18 is connected. 爪钩21前端的弯钩19卡设在瓣膜支架1末端侧壁上通孔20中。 The distal end 21 of the hook claw 19 is provided on one end of the card side wall of the valve support through hole 20. 瓣膜支架1在变软复位后可放置在该用于放置铜块的空腔21中。 1 after the valve support may be placed in soft reset 21 for placement in the cavity of the copper block. 降温腔7设置在空腔21的外壁与外套管2的内管 Cooling chamber 7 is provided in the cavity 21 of the inner tube and the outer wall of the outer tube 2

7壁之间。 7 between the walls.

[0037] 通过金属软管末端的推送把手12带动金属软管3在手柄4中进行前后位移,金属软管在向后位移时也带动外套管向后位移,从而将瓣膜支架由外套管内部伸出并放置在肺支气管内。 [0037] driven by pushing the handle end of the hose 12 metal metal hose 3 in the handle 4 before and after the displacement, when the metal hose is also driven rearwardly displaced rearward displacement of the outer sleeve, so that the valve support extending from the interior of the outer sleeve and placed within the bronchi. 在外套管的外壁表面设有刻度线(图中未描述),刻度线用于瓣膜支架在肺支气管中定位。 An outer wall surface of the outer sleeve is provided with the line (not depicted in the drawing), a scale line is positioned in the valve support lung bronchi. 在使用过程中,当瓣膜支架被放入肺支气管后,在36°C以上的温度时自动张开呈网状结构。 In use, when the valve holder is placed bronchopulmonary, at a temperature above 36 ° C automatically open reticular structure. 如果瓣膜支架放入肺支气管的位置正确,可通过推送把手12将支架送入肺支气管内,瓣膜支架脱离降温腔7,并自动张开呈网状结构;如果瓣膜支架放入的位置有偏差,那么爪钩会及时将张开后的瓣膜支架勾住回收,当使膜支架与降温腔相接触,降解温采用水冷的方式使瓣膜支架变软复位,然后再通过爪钩将瓣膜支架回收至外套管中。 If the valve stent into the correct position bronchopulmonary, the stent may be by pushing the handle 12 into the bronchi, the stent-valve from the cooling chamber 7, and automatically open reticular structure; if the valve stent into position deviation, then the claws will promptly open the valve support hook recovered, when the stent-graft in contact with the cooling chamber, the degradation temperature of the water-cooled manner soft reset valve support, and then through the valve support to the outer claw recovered tube.

[0038] 另外,还可以通过在冷循环系统中输送低温气体,采用冷气循环的方式,该冷气循环系统由降温腔、进气管道、出气管道以及冷气接头构成。 [0038] Further, the conveying cryogenic cold gas circulation system, by way of the air circulation, the cold air circulation system by the cooling chamber, intake duct, and the cold air outlet duct configured by fitting. 在使用过程中,通过该冷气循环系统使张开后的瓣膜支架变软复位。 During use, by the cold air circulation system so that the open valve support soft reset.

[0039] 以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例,并不用以限制本发明,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0039] The foregoing is only preferred embodiments of the present invention, not intended to limit the present invention within the spirit and principle of the present invention, any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement, it should be included in the present within the scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. 一种带有冷循环系统的用于治疗肺减容的输送系统,包括瓣膜支架、外套管、金属软管以及手柄,所述金属软管的两端分别与所述外套管以及手柄相连接,在所述外套管的内部设有降温腔,所述瓣膜支架设置所述外套管的内部,其特征在于,还包括冷循环系统,所述冷循环系统用于控制瓣膜支架变软复位,变软复位后所述瓣膜支架回收至所述外套管的内部;所述瓣膜支架分为多段式结构,在所述金属软管的末端设有推送把手,所述推送把手带动所述金属软管在所述手柄中进行前后位移,所述金属软管向后位移时带动所述外套管向后位移,并将所述瓣膜支架由所述外套管内部伸出并放置在肺支气管内。 A delivery system having a refrigerating cycle system for treating a lung volume reduction, including the outer sleeve, and a metal hose, both ends of the handle of the valve stent respectively metallic hose and a handle with the outer sleeve is connected, inside the outer sleeve is provided with a cooling chamber, the valve support disposed inside the outer tube, wherein the system further comprises a refrigerating cycle, the refrigerating cycle system for controlling the valve support soft reset, after resetting the valve support soft recycled to the interior of the outer tube; the valve support is divided into multi-stage structure, the push handle is provided at an end of the metal hose, the push handle driving the metal hose before and after the displacement of the handle, drives the overtube rearward displacement of the rearward displacement of the metal hose and the valve support extending from said inner and outer tubes positioned within the bronchi.
2.根据权利要求1所述的带有冷循环系统的用于治疗肺减容的输送系统,其特征在于,所述手柄的顶部设有用于所述推送把手移动的把手滑动槽,在所述手柄的末端设有水冷接头,所述手柄的前端还设有外保护套,所述外保护套包裹在所述金属软管的外侧,所述外保护套的末端与所述手柄的前端面相连接。 The delivery system of claim 1 having a refrigerating cycle of a system for treating a lung volume reduction claim, wherein the top of the handle is provided with a handle for moving the push handle sliding groove, the the water-cooled joint end of the handle, the distal end of the handle is also provided with an outer protective sheath, said outer protective sheath wrapped outside of the metal hose, the outer surface of the distal end of protective sheath connection end of the handle .
3.根据权利要求2所述的带有冷循环系统的用于治疗肺减容的输送系统,其特征在于,所述水冷接头与所述金属软管内部的水冷管道相连通,所述水冷管道与所述降温腔相连通。 The delivery system of claim 2 with a refrigerating cycle system for treating a lung volume reduction claim, wherein said water-cooled metal connector and the inner water cooling pipe communicating hose, the water cooling pipe communicating with said cooling chamber.
4.根据权利要求1所述的带有冷循环系统的用于治疗肺减容的输送系统,其特征在于,在所述外套管的外壁表面设有刻度线,所述刻度线用于瓣膜支架在肺支气管中定位。 The delivery system of claim 1 having a refrigerating cycle of a system for treating a lung volume reduction claim, wherein the outer wall surface is provided with graduations of the outer sleeve, a scale line for the valve support positioned in the lung bronchi.
5.根据权利要求4所述的带有冷循环系统的用于治疗肺减容的输送系统,其特征在于,所述外套管还设有进水管道与出水管道,所述进水管道设置在所述降温腔的内部,所述出水管道设置在所述进水管道与所述降温腔之间,所述水冷管道通过所述进水管道将冷水输送至所述降温腔中,再通过所述出水管道回流至所述水冷管道中形成水冷循环系统。 The delivery system of claim 4 with a cooling loop of a system for treating a lung volume reduction claim, wherein said outer sleeve further has a water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, the inlet pipe is provided the inner cooling chamber, the outlet duct disposed between the inlet duct and the cooling chamber, through which the water-cooling duct conveying cold water inlet pipe to the cooling chamber, and through the outlet duct to the water-cooled reflux water circulation system conduit is formed.
6.根据权利要求5所述的带有冷循环系统的用于治疗肺减容的输送系统,其特征在于,所述瓣膜支架由第一支架以及与所述第一支架末端相连接的第二支架构成,所述第一支架与所述第二支架均为网状结构,并且由记忆合金制成,第一支架和第二支架之间设有单向通气阀门,所述第一支架的直径大于所述第二支架的直径,所述第二支架包裹在所述降温腔的前端,并且通过所述安装挂钩固定在所述降温腔的外壁上。 The delivery system of claim 5 with a refrigerating cycle system for treating a lung volume reduction claim, wherein said first valve support holder and the first holder is connected to a second end constituting the stent, the first bracket and the second bracket are a mesh structure, and is made of a memory alloy, a one-way air vent valve between the first and second brackets, the first bracket diameter a diameter greater than the second bracket, the second bracket to cool the front end of the wrapping chamber, and through the outer wall of the hook is mounted fixed to the cooling chamber.
7.根据权利要求2所述的带有冷循环系统的用于治疗肺减容的输送系统,其特征在于,在所述金属软管的内部设有出水通道与进水通道,在所述进水通道与所述出水通道之间设有用于放置钢丝的内腔,所述进水通道以及所述出水通道的两端分别与所述降温腔以及所述水冷接头相连通,所述进水通道、所述出水通道、所述降温腔以及所述水冷接头形成水冷循环系统。 7. The delivery system of claim refrigerating cycle having a system for treating a lung volume reduction, characterized in that the outlet channel and the inlet channel is provided in the interior of the metal hose, the feed of the 2 wire lumen is provided for placement between the water channel and the outlet channel, said inlet channel and said outlet passage respectively the two ends of the cooling chamber and cooled linker communicating the inlet passage said outlet passage, said chamber and said cooling water circulation system of the water cooling joint is formed.
8.根据权利要求7所述的带有冷循环系统的用于治疗肺减容的输送系统,其特征在于,所述钢丝的前端由所述金属软管的内部延伸至所述外套管内部用于放置金属体的空腔中,并与所述金属体的末端相连接,所述金属体通过所述安装挂钩与所述瓣膜支架的末端相连接。 8. The delivery system of claim 7 with a refrigerating cycle system for treating a lung volume reduction claim, wherein the distal end of the wire extending from the inside of the metal hose to the inner tube with the outer placed in the cavity of the metal body, and connected with the end of the metal body by the mounting bracket hook and the valve body is connected to the metal terminal.
9.根据权利要求7所述的带有冷循环系统的用于治疗肺减容的输送系统,其特征在于,所述钢丝的前端由所述金属软管的内部延伸至所述外套管内部用于放置爪钩的空腔中,并与所述爪钩的末端相连接,所述爪钩前端的弯钩卡设在所述瓣膜支架末端的侧壁上。 According to claim 7 with a delivery system refrigerating cycle system for treating a lung volume reduction, characterized in that the front end of the wire extending from the inside of the metal hose to the inner tube with the outer the placement of the hook jaw cavity, and connected with the end of said claw, said claw tip of the card is provided on the side wall hook ends of the stent of the valve.
10.根据权利要求1所述的带有冷循环系统的用于治疗肺减容的输送系统,其特征在于,若所述瓣膜支架放入的位置正确,所述瓣膜支架在36°c的温度时自动张开呈网状结构,并与设置在所述降温腔外壁的所述安装挂钩分离,以放入肺支气管内;若所述瓣膜支架放入的位置有偏差,与所述瓣膜支架相连接的所述降温腔会采用水冷的方式瓣膜支架变软复位,并通过所述推送手柄与所述金属软管被回收至所述外套管中。 10. The delivery system of claim 1 having a refrigerating cycle of a system for treating a lung volume reduction according to claim, wherein, when the valve holder in the correct position, the valve support at a temperature of 36 ° c automatic open reticular structure, and provided separate hook mounted on the outer wall of the cooling chamber, to put the lung endobronchial; if the valve holder in position deviation, with respect to the valve support the cooling chamber is connected to water-cooled manner will become soft reset valve support, and recovered through the push handle and the hose to the outer metal tube.
CN 201110240774 2011-08-22 2011-08-22 Conveying system provided with cold circulating system and used for treating lung volume reduction CN102370533B (en)

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CN101856277A (en) * 2009-04-10 2010-10-13 王涛;田昆玲 Recyclable unidirectional valve covered stent

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US5667522A (en) * 1994-03-03 1997-09-16 Medinol Ltd. Urological stent and deployment device therefor
CN1201699A (en) * 1998-05-22 1998-12-16 冶金工业部钢铁研究总院 Recoverable support and recovering apparatus therefor
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