CN102360209A - Multi-embedded intelligent monitoring, communication and control system for hybrid electric vehicle - Google Patents

Multi-embedded intelligent monitoring, communication and control system for hybrid electric vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102360209A
CN102360209A CN2011102832009A CN201110283200A CN102360209A CN 102360209 A CN102360209 A CN 102360209A CN 2011102832009 A CN2011102832009 A CN 2011102832009A CN 201110283200 A CN201110283200 A CN 201110283200A CN 102360209 A CN102360209 A CN 102360209A
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China
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controller
connected
hybrid automobile
fuel cell
output terminal
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CN2011102832009A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李莉
詹跃东
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昆明理工大学
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Priority to CN2011102832009A priority Critical patent/CN102360209A/en
Publication of CN102360209A publication Critical patent/CN102360209A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The invention provides a multi-embedded intelligent monitoring, communication and control system for a hybrid electric vehicle. The system comprises a fuel cell, a storage cell, silicon controlled rectifiers (SCRs), an inverter, a hybrid electric vehicle electric unit and a multi-embedded intelligent monitoring and communication controller, wherein the multi-embedded intelligent monitoring and communication controller comprises a fuel cell controller, a cell management controller, an inverter controller and a hybrid electric vehicle electric controller; the four controllers individually have an independent central processing unit (CPU) controller and can communicate with each other by utilizing a controller area network (CAN) and realize intelligent coordination control; the acquired data information is accessed to the internet by the radio CPU via a general packet radio service (GPRS) network in a radio manner; and the data information is transported to a remote monitoring center by the internet in real time to realize network monitoring, control and management. The control system can prolong the service lives of the cells, improve the working performances of the cells, implement monitoring, communication and intelligent control on the operational states of the components of the hybrid electric vehicle and ensure the fuel cell, the storage cell and drive systems of an engine and an electric motor to realize optimum matching and simultaneously has the advantages of energy saving, convenience in operation, flexibility in use, strong generality, good working performances and the like.

Description

The many embedded intelligence monitorings of a kind of hybrid automobile communication control system

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of fuel cell, energy storage battery, inverter; Be applied to intellectual monitoring, communication and the control of hybrid automobile; Realize many embedded intelligences control device of the optimum Monitoring and Controlling of fuel, the control of new electric energy quality monitoring, distributed electrical load Monitoring and Controlling, belong to embedded computer technology and field of intelligent control technology.

Background technology

Environmental pollution and petroleum resources scarcity are two hang-ups that countries in the world auto industry sustainable development is faced.Hybrid automobile adopts internal combustion engine and motor as power source, and motor adopts energy storage battery or fuel cell as electric power source, has become the effective ways of internationally recognized solution two hang-ups.Government department, each big motor corporation and the related components manufacturer of developed countries such as Japan, US and European all drops into huge fund and carries out hybrid automobile and parts development and tackling problems in key technologies.The research that the Domestic Automotive Industry sustainable development is carried out shows, hybrid automobile is the approach that solves the tool competition of two hang-ups, has obtained gratifying achievement at present.The Ministry of Science and Technology also classifies the exploitation of the car load of hybrid automobile and parts as " 15 " and great special project is planned in " 863 ".

Summary of the invention

The present invention provides the many embedded intelligence monitorings of a kind of hybrid automobile communication control system, comprises fuel cell 1, energy storage battery 2, controllable silicon 3 and 4, inverter 5, hybrid automobile power unit 6 and many embedded intelligent controllers 7; Many embedded intelligences communication controler 7 comprises fuel cell controller 8, battery management controller 9, circuit control device 10, hybrid automobile power controller 11, and the built-in wireless CPU of communicating by letter and being connected, transmitting and handle related data information through CAN and each controller.Built-in separate CPU can independently be controlled, and communicates with one another with each controller through CAN communication and to be connected, implements the network intelligence monitoring and controls.Fuel cell 1, energy storage battery 2, controllable silicon 3 and 4, inverter 5, hybrid automobile power unit 6 all are known in the market common components.

The many embedded intelligence monitorings of described hybrid automobile communication control system, the output end signal of fuel cell 1 is connected with controllable silicon 3, and the input end control signal of fuel cell 1 is connected with the control signal of the output terminal of fuel cell controller 8; The output end signal of energy storage battery 2 is connected with controllable silicon 4, and the input end control signal of energy storage battery 2 is connected with the output terminal control signal of battery management controller 9; Be connected with the input end signal of inverter 5 together after controllable silicon 3 and 4 the output end signal parallel connection, controllable silicon 3 is connected with the output terminal control signal of battery management controller 9 respectively with 4 input end control signal; The output end signal of inverter 4 is connected with the input end signal of hybrid automobile power unit 6, and the input end control signal of inverter 4 is connected with the output terminal control signal of circuit control device 10; The input end signal of hybrid automobile power unit 6 is connected with the output end signal of inverter 4, and the input end control signal of hybrid automobile power unit 6 is connected with the output terminal control signal of hybrid automobile power controller 11.

The fuel cell controller 8 with separate CPU control in described many embedded intelligences communication controler 7 is sent to wireless CPU through the CAN bus; By wireless CPU the fuel cell each item data message that collects is passed through GPRS network wireless access Internet net; Simultaneously; With the Monitoring Data of fuel cell, be sent to battery management controller 9 through the CAN bus; Battery management controller 9 with separate CPU control is sent to wireless CPU through the CAN bus, by wireless CPU the energy storage battery each item data message that collects is passed through GPRS network wireless access Internet net; The circuit control device 10 with separate CPU control based on the CAN bus is sent to wireless CPU through the CAN bus, by wireless CPU the inverter each item data message that collects is passed through GPRS network wireless access Internet net; Utilize the Internet net to transfer to remote monitoring center to above-mentioned data in real time; The hybrid automobile power controller with separate CPU control 11 based on the CAN bus connects hybrid automobile power unit 6.

Intellectual monitoring and control that the embedded computer that the present invention adopts artificial intelligence technology, fuzzy self-adaption control technology, Fuzzy Predictive Control technology and traditional PID controller control technology to form is realized; Each controller adopts the bus communication technology and the structure of controller local area network (CAN); And realize automatic control, the resource sharing of hybrid automobile, solved in the hybrid automobile problems such as circuit is complicated, control technology, mass data processing.The present invention has following beneficial effect:

1, realizes the Based Intelligent Control and the CAN communication of power unit, with the control strategy of the main power source that solves hybrid automobile and control algolithm the problem that influences to dynamic property, economy and the emission performance of car load;

2, the effective battery management of realization can well be protected accumulator, improves its service efficiency and serviceable life;

3, realize the fuel cell monitoring control of the output power of optimum fuel availability and maximum;

4, realize inverter and hybrid automobile drive controlling, the continual mileage of electric automobile is directly influenced problem with the power performance that solves electric automobile and energy consumption;

Simultaneously, the present invention has confirmed the control strategy and the control algolithm of many embedded intelligent controllers, and works out and developed the software and hardware of control corresponding and communication system, has represented the new direction of automotive engineering development.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 monitors the circuit theory diagrams of communication controler for the present invention.

Among the figure: 1-fuel cell, 2-energy storage battery, 3-controllable silicon; The 4-controllable silicon, 5-inverter, 6-hybrid automobile power unit; The many embedded intelligence monitorings of 7-communication controler, 8-fuel cell controller, 9-battery management controller; The 10-circuit control device, 11-hybrid automobile power controller.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, the present invention is described further.

As shown in Figure 1, the many embedded intelligence monitorings of this hybrid automobile communication control system comprises fuel cell 1, energy storage battery 2, controllable silicon 3 and 4, inverter 5, hybrid automobile power unit 6 and many embedded intelligent controllers 7; Many embedded intelligences communication controler 7 comprises fuel cell controller 8, battery management controller 9, circuit control device 10, hybrid automobile power controller 11, and the built-in wireless CPU of communicating by letter and being connected, transmitting and handle related data information through CAN and each controller.Fuel cell 1, energy storage battery 2, controllable silicon 3 and 4, inverter 5, hybrid automobile power unit 6 all adopt commercially available mill run.

The output terminal of fuel cell 1 is connected with controllable silicon 3, input end is connected with the output terminal of fuel cell controller 8; The output terminal of energy storage battery 2 is connected with controllable silicon 4, input end is connected with the output terminal of battery management controller 9; Be connected with the input end of inverter 5 after controllable silicon 3 and 4 the output terminal parallel connection, input end is connected with the output terminal of battery management controller 9 respectively; The output terminal of inverter 5 is connected with the input end of hybrid automobile power unit 6, input end is connected with the output terminal of circuit control device 10, and the input end of hybrid automobile power unit 6 is connected with the output terminal of inverter 5 and the output terminal of hybrid automobile power controller 11 respectively.

Fuel cell controller 8 in many embedded intelligences communication controler 7, battery management controller 9 and circuit control device 10 are connected with wireless CPU through the CAN bus; Wireless CPU is through GPRS network wireless access Internet net; Remote monitoring center is connected with wireless CPU through the Internet net, and hybrid automobile power controller 11 is connected with hybrid automobile power unit 6 through the CAN bus.Many embedded intelligence monitoring communication controlers 7 are through CAN bus communication technology; Realize the communication between each controller; And carry out data in real time through wireless network and transfer to remote monitoring, the performance parameter of fuel cell 1, energy storage battery 2, inverter 5 and hybrid automobile power unit 6 is implemented monitoring and control.

Through having the embedded fuel cell controller 8 of separate CPU control; With the Monitoring Data of fuel cell,, be sent to wireless CPU through the CAN bus like the temperature and humidity of the pressure of hydrogen and oxygen/air and flow, film and stoichiometric proportion or the like; By wireless CPU the fuel cell each item data message that collects is passed through GPRS network wireless access Internet net; Real-time Transmission realizes network monitor and management to remote monitoring center, can safeguard the startup of fuel cell and shut down control.In addition, with the Monitoring Data of fuel cell, be sent to battery management controller 9 through the CAN bus.

Through having the embedded battery Management Controller 9 of separate CPU control; With Monitoring Data; Like electric current, voltage, temperature, resistance etc., be sent to wireless CPU through the CAN bus, by wireless CPU the energy storage battery each item data message that collects is passed through GPRS network wireless access Internet net; Real-time Transmission realizes network monitor and management to remote monitoring center.

Based on the circuit control device 10 with separate CPU control of CAN bus, will monitor the inverter parameter, comprise the output voltage and the frequency of DC/AC inverter; The positive and negative output bus voltage of DC/DC transducer; And the inverter temperature inside etc., be sent to wireless CPU through the CAN bus, by wireless CPU the inverter each item data message that collects is passed through GPRS network wireless access Internet net; Real-time Transmission realizes network monitor and management to remote monitoring center.

Hybrid automobile power controller 11 based on the CAN bus with separate CPU control; Through Energy Flow Analysis to hybrid automobile power unit 6; Confirm drive pattern and braking mode, be implemented in the multipotency source control strategy under the conditions such as satisfying car load dynamic property, economy, security, reliability.

The output end signal of fuel cell 1 is connected with controllable silicon 3, forms the active force loop; The input end control signal of fuel cell 1 is connected with the control signal of the output terminal of fuel cell controller 8.8 pairs of fuel cells of fuel cell controller 1 implement control such as fuel and air mass flow, pressure, temperature and film parameter monitorings such as liquid water content, communicate by letter and control.

The output end signal of energy storage battery 2 is connected with controllable silicon 4, forms the active force loop; The input end control signal of energy storage battery 2 is connected with the output terminal control signal of battery management controller 9.Battery management controller 9 can be accurately and is obtained battery charge state (SOC) reliably, and implements the parameter surveyed to battery, like monitoring Control on Communication such as electric current, voltage, temperature, resistance.

Be connected with the input end signal of inverter 5 together after controllable silicon 3 and 4 the output end signal parallel connection, form the active force loop; Controllable silicon 3 is connected with the output terminal control signal of battery management controller 9 respectively with 4 input end control signal.Conducting through 9 pairs of controllable silicons 3 of battery management controller and 4 is controlled with turn-offing enforcement, and the power capacity source of decision hybrid automobile is fuel cell 1 or energy storage battery 2 or selects two kinds of batteries simultaneously.

The output end signal of inverter 4 is connected with the input end signal of hybrid automobile power unit 6, by inverter 4 the ac power power supply is provided; The input end control signal of inverter 4 is connected with the output terminal control signal of circuit control device 10.Through the digital control technology that the digital processing chip (DSP) of circuit control device 10 is implemented, inverter 4 is implemented energy-efficient control.

The input end signal of hybrid automobile power unit 6 is connected with the output end signal of inverter 4, forms the active force electric power loop; The input end control signal of hybrid automobile power unit 6 is connected with the output terminal control signal of hybrid automobile power controller 11.Hybrid automobile power controller 11 is as the key of hybrid automobile control system, and the working method of decision hybrid automobile is engine or motor.The main reasonable distribution of being responsible for the demand power that goes guarantees that hybrid automobile efficiently moves, and makes engine fuel consumption and discharging reach optimum.

The principle of work of fuel cell controller 8: when the output voltage of fuel cell and electric current change owing to its load variations, at first, calculate current output power according to the output voltage values and the current value of detected fuel cell.Then, adopt the Fuzzy Predictive Control technology, control the output voltage values and the current value of fuel cell through the specified rate of output hydrogen and air.Secondly, when Hydrogen Vapor Pressure and air pressure change, use the feedback control mechanism of Hydrogen Vapor Pressure and air pressure, the constant control of realization Hydrogen Vapor Pressure and air pressure.The 3rd, when hydrogen flowing quantity and air mass flow change, use the feedback control mechanism of hydrogen flowing quantity and air mass flow, the optimum control of realization hydrogen flowing quantity and air mass flow.The 4th, when the internal temperature of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells changes,, realize the Based Intelligent Control of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells temperature based on the fuzzy self-adaption control technology.

The principle of work of battery management controller 9: at first, the voltage and current of monitoring fuel cell and energy storage battery, decision whether by fuel cell still be energy storage battery be that hybrid automobile is supplied power.Secondly, control the startup and the shutdown of fuel cell and inverter in real time, and realize operation automatically.The 3rd, the parameter of demonstration energy storage battery, and control and record trouble information.The 4th, according to the voltage of monitoring fuel cell and energy storage battery,, utilize fuel cell that energy storage battery is all filled and floating charge through controlling opening and breaking off of controllable silicon 3 and 4.

The principle of work of circuit control device 10: at first, monitor the inverter parameter, comprise the output voltage and the frequency of DC/AC inverter, the positive and negative output bus voltage of DC/DC transducer, and the inverter temperature inside etc.Secondly; Adopt DSP digital processing chip and full-bridge type inverter topology, and sine wave pulse width regulator technology (SPWM) and numerically controlled dead beat control thought, realized the control of DC/AC inverter intelligent; It is fast to have transient response; Precision is high, and THD is little, power consumption little with characteristics such as efficient height.

The principle of work of hybrid automobile power controller 11: at first, the power unit (engine-motor unit is claimed APU again) of hybrid automobile is implemented control.Secondly, according to the road conditions of going, through electronic part and the fuel oil energy partly that detects hybrid automobile; Optimize the configuration of engine and motor; Under suitable road conditions, power capacity is provided,, guarantees that hybrid automobile efficiently moves the reasonable distribution of the demand power that goes with suitable manner; Make engine fuel consumption and discharging reach optimum, reach the purpose of energy-saving and emission-reduction.The 3rd, to the characteristic of each parts of hybrid automobile and the operating condition of automobile, make engine, motor, fuel cell, energy storage battery and kinematic train realize optimum matching.

The present invention describes through the practical implementation process; Without departing from the present invention; Can also carry out various conversion and be equal to replacement patent of the present invention; Therefore, patent of the present invention is not limited to disclosed practical implementation process, and should comprise the whole embodiments that fall in the Patent right requirement scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. the many embedded intelligence monitorings of a hybrid automobile communication control system is characterized in that: comprise fuel cell (1), energy storage battery (2), controllable silicon (3) and (4), inverter (5), hybrid automobile power unit (6), many embedded intelligent controllers (7); Many embedded intelligences communication controler (7) comprises fuel cell controller (8), battery management controller (9), circuit control device (10), hybrid automobile power controller (11), and the built-in wireless CPU of communicating by letter with each controller and being connected, also transmitting and handle related data information through CAN.
2. the many embedded intelligence monitorings of hybrid automobile according to claim 1 communication control system; It is characterized in that: the output terminal of fuel cell (1) is connected with controllable silicon (3), input end is connected with the output terminal of fuel cell controller (8); The output terminal of energy storage battery (2) is connected with controllable silicon (4), input end is connected with the output terminal of battery management controller (9); Input end with inverter (5) after the output terminal parallel connection of controllable silicon (3) and (4) is connected, input end is connected with the output terminal of battery management controller (9) respectively; The output terminal of inverter (5) is connected with the input end of hybrid automobile power unit (6), input end is connected with the output terminal of circuit control device (10), and the input end of hybrid automobile power unit (6) is connected with the output terminal of inverter (5) and the output terminal of hybrid automobile power controller (11) respectively.
3. the many embedded intelligence monitorings of hybrid automobile according to claim 1 and 2 communication control system; It is characterized in that: the fuel cell controller (8) in many embedded intelligences communication controler (7), battery management controller (9) and circuit control device (10) are connected with wireless CPU through the CAN bus; Wireless CPU is through GPRS network wireless access Internet net; Remote monitoring center is connected with wireless CPU through the Internet net, and hybrid automobile power controller (11) is connected with hybrid automobile power unit (6) through the CAN bus.
CN2011102832009A 2011-09-22 2011-09-22 Multi-embedded intelligent monitoring, communication and control system for hybrid electric vehicle CN102360209A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103295178A (en) * 2012-03-01 2013-09-11 通用汽车环球科技运作有限责任公司 Vehicle health prognosis

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CN1785707A (en) * 2005-12-09 2006-06-14 清华大学 Fuel battery automobile mixed power system using super capacity as auxiliary power device
CN2911753Y (en) * 2006-01-20 2007-06-13 华南理工大学 Distributed control systme for multi-energy driving assembly of hybrid driving electric autocar
CN101419433A (en) * 2007-11-26 2009-04-29 清华大学 Multi-energy source integration hybrid platform system
CN102180087A (en) * 2011-04-14 2011-09-14 武汉理工大学 Hybrid power system with vehicle-mounted fuel cells and lithium cells in direct parallel connection

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1785707A (en) * 2005-12-09 2006-06-14 清华大学 Fuel battery automobile mixed power system using super capacity as auxiliary power device
CN2911753Y (en) * 2006-01-20 2007-06-13 华南理工大学 Distributed control systme for multi-energy driving assembly of hybrid driving electric autocar
CN101419433A (en) * 2007-11-26 2009-04-29 清华大学 Multi-energy source integration hybrid platform system
CN102180087A (en) * 2011-04-14 2011-09-14 武汉理工大学 Hybrid power system with vehicle-mounted fuel cells and lithium cells in direct parallel connection

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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Application publication date: 20120222