CN102358259A - Automobile anti-theft automatic control system based on biological information identification - Google Patents

Automobile anti-theft automatic control system based on biological information identification Download PDF

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CN102358259A
CN102358259A CN 201110277827 CN201110277827A CN102358259A CN 102358259 A CN102358259 A CN 102358259A CN 201110277827 CN201110277827 CN 201110277827 CN 201110277827 A CN201110277827 A CN 201110277827A CN 102358259 A CN102358259 A CN 102358259A
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subsystem
information
module
alarm
iris
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CN 201110277827
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周炜超
张少华
田毅
马义德
马玉润
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兰州大学
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Publication of CN102358259A publication Critical patent/CN102358259A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an automobile anti-theft automatic control system based on biological information identification. The automobile anti-theft automatic control system consists of a vibration detection subsystem, a fingerprint identification subsystem, an iris information identification subsystem, a voice identification and control subsystem and an alarm subsystem, wherein when an owner of an automobile wants to open a door, a trunk cover and an oil tank cover, the door, the trunk cover and the oil tank cover are opened automatically through fingerprint identification; when the owner of the automobile enters the automobile, the voice identification and control subsystem is activated through the iris identification; an engine and a vehicle-mounted device are controlled to work through voice identification; when a thief wants to prize doors, windows, the trunk cover and the oil tank cover, an alarm device is used for alarming in wireless communication and bell ringing ways; when the fingerprint identification is wrong, an alarm is sent to the owner of the automobile; and if the iris information is wrong or a person entering the automobile does not perform the iris detection after being prompted, bell ringing alarm is made, and an alarm is sent to the owner of the automobile. Due to the adoption of the reliable anti-theft automatic control system, the possibility that the automobile is stolen is lowered to the maximum extent, and the property security of the owner of the automobile is effectively protected.

Description

基于生物信息识别的汽车防盗自动控制系统 Based on the biological information to identify the car alarm automatic control system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及汽车防盗自动控制系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to a vehicle anti-theft control system. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 目前,市场上机动车防盗设备众多,按照防盗覆盖范围可分为两类:单车防盗技术、群体防范技术。 [0002] Currently, the number of motor vehicle anti-theft devices on the market, in accordance with the anti-theft coverage can be divided into two categories: bicycle anti-theft technology, community prevention technology.

[0003] 单车防盗技术主要包括三种:1、电子加密锁,主要是对机动车门锁、启动装置进行电子加密,与电子车钥匙形成密钥匹配实现身份识别。 [0003] bicycle antitheft technology mainly includes three types: 1, an electronic dongle, mainly for motor vehicle door lock, electronic starting device encrypts the electronic key matches the vehicle key is formed to achieve identification. 但窃贼通过暴力解码器可轻易破解。 But thieves can easily break through violence decoder. 2、机械防盗锁,主要包括变速器锁、方向盘锁等。 2, a mechanical lock, the lock including a transmission, a steering wheel lock. 此类锁防盗效果较差,具有一定开锁基础的窃贼亦能轻易打开。 Such anti-theft lock poor results, the thief has a certain foundation can also unlock easily opened. 3、GPS定位系统,这是借助全球定位系统实现的实时追踪技术。 3, GPS positioning system, which is real-time tracking technology with a global positioning system implementation. 此类系统主要采用无线通信作为信息传输通道,但当机动车驶入具有较强电磁波干扰环境、 无线信号较弱环境或窃贼对其实施电子干扰,这套系统也难逃瘫痪之险。 Such a wireless communication system is mainly used as an information transmission channel, but motorized vehicles environment with strong electromagnetic interference, radio environment or thief weak signal of its embodiments electronic interference, the system could not escape the risk of paralysis.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的目的是提供一种基于生物信息识别的汽车防盗自动控制系统。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to provide a biological information identifying the vehicle anti-theft system is based on automatic control.

[0005] 本发明是基于生物信息识别的汽车防盗自动控制系统,由震动检测子系统、指纹信息识别子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统、语音识别与控制子系统、报警子系统组成,其报警子系统主要由译码器、无线报警模块、响铃报警模块组成;震动检测子系统、指纹信息识别子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统、语音识别与控制子系统的报警输出端分别与报警子系统译码器输入端相连,译码器输出端与无线报警模块和响铃报警模块的MCU输入端相连。 [0005] The present invention is based on biological information identifying the vehicle anti-theft system is automatically controlled by the vibration detection subsystem, subsystem fingerprint identification, iris recognition subsystem information, voice recognition and control subsystem, subsystem alarm, which alarm sub system consists decoder wireless alarm module, alarm module ring; vibration detection subsystem, alarm output terminal identification subsystem fingerprint information, iris information recognition subsystem, speech recognition and control subsystem, respectively interpret alarm subsystem decoder input terminal connected to the output terminal of the decoder module and a wireless alarm bell alarm module MCU input. 译码器通过选通不同的通路激活无线报警模块与响铃报警模块,进行响铃报警和发送防盗警戒事项至相应远程接收装置的无线报警,响铃报警模块由MCU、数模转换器、功率放大器、扬声器四部分组成,译码器输出端与MCU输入端相连,MCU输出端与数模转换器的输入端相连, 数模转换器的输出端与功率放大器输入端相连,功率放大器输出端与扬声器相连,指纹信息识别子系统主要由指纹提取模块、信息处理模块、信息存储模块组成;指纹提取模块的输出端与模数转换器输入端相连,模数转换器的输出端与信息处理模块输入端相连,虹膜信息识别子系统同时与信息处理模块输入端相连,信息处理模块与信息存储模块相连,信息处理模块输出端分别与虹膜信息识别子系统、震动检测子系统、报警子系统相连;虹膜信息识别子系统主要由虹膜信息采集模块、 Coder by gating the different pathway activation module and wireless alarm bell alarm module, and transmitting an alarm bell for security alert alarm issues to a respective remote radio receiving apparatus, ringing alarm module by the MCU, digital-power amplifiers, speakers, four parts, and the output terminal is connected to the decoder input terminal MCU, MCU output connected to the input end of the digital-to-analog converter connected to the output terminal of the power amplifier input, and an output terminal of the power amplifier a speaker connected to the fingerprint information by the fingerprint recognition subsystem mainly extraction module, an information processing module, the information storage module; fingerprint extraction module connected to the output of the analog to digital converter input terminal, an output terminal of the ADC input information processing module end is connected, while iris recognition subsystem information to the information processing module is connected to an input terminal, connected to the information processing module information storage module, the information processing module output terminals respectively iris information identification subsystem, vibration detection subsystem, connected to the alarm subsystem; iris information mainly by the iris recognition subsystem information collection module, 信息处理模块、信息存储模块、模数转换器组成;虹膜信息采集模块的输出端与模数转换器输入端相连,模数转换器的输出端与虹膜信息处理模块输入端相连,指纹信息识别子系统同时与信息处理模块输入端相连,信息处理模块与存储模块相连,信息处理模块输出端分别与指纹信息识别子系统、语音控制子系统、报警子系统相连。 Information processing module, the information storing module, an analog composition; connected to the output iris information acquisition module and the analog to digital converter input terminal, an output terminal connected to the analog to digital converter input of the processing module iris information, fingerprint information for identifying the sub- the system simultaneously with the information processing module connected to the input terminal, connected to the information processing module and a memory module, the information processing module output terminals respectively fingerprint recognition subsystem, voice control subsystem, connected to the alarm subsystem.

[0006] 本发明有益效果是将防盗与自动控制融为一体,鉴别反映人体个性化、排他性的虹膜、指纹、语音特征,通过驾驶员合法身份的识别联动汽车的制动系统,从技术上制约了未经合法授权人员的使用,最大限度地降低了车辆被盗可能性,有效保护了车主财产安全。 [0006] The present invention has the beneficial effects of the integration of security and automatic control, identification of the body reflects the personalized, exclusive iris, fingerprint, voice features, the car's braking system linked by identifying the legal status of the driver, from the technical constraints use without lawful authority, and to minimize the possibility of theft of vehicles, the effective protection of property owners. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0007] 图1为本发明的系统框图,图2为震动检测子系统架构图,图3为震动检测子系统流程图,图如为指纹信息识别子系统架构图,图4b为指纹信息识别子系统流程图,图fe 为虹膜信息识别子系统架构图,图恥为虹膜信息识别子系统流程图,图6a为语音控制子系统架构图,图6b为语音控制子系统流程图,图7为报警子系统架构图,图中符号说明:震动检测子系统向语音控制子系统发送的语音提示触发信号14,震动检测子系统向报警子系统发送的报警触发信号15,指纹信息识别子系统向震动检测子系统发送的状态切换信号21, 指纹信息识别子系统向虹膜信息识别子系统发送的状态切换信号231,指纹信息识别子系统向虹膜信息识别子系统发送的系统激活信号232,指纹信息识别子系统向报警子系统发送的报警触发信号25,虹膜信息识别子系统向指纹信息识别子系 System block diagram [0007] of the present invention. FIG. 1, FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the shock detection subsystem, FIG. 3 is a flowchart of vibration detection subsystem, such as fingerprint identification FIG subsystem architecture diagram, Figure 4b is the fingerprint information for identifying the sub- system flow chart, FIG fe is a schematic diagram of an iris recognition subsystem information, information identifying the iris FIG shame subsystem flowchart, FIG 6a is a schematic diagram of voice control subsystem, FIG 6b is a flowchart illustrating voice control subsystem, FIG. 7 alarm FIG subsystem architecture, REFERENCE SIGNS: shake detection subsystem control subsystem sends the voice to voice prompts trigger signal 14, the detection subsystem vibration alarm subsystem sends a trigger signal to the alarm 15, fingerprint recognition subsystem to shake detection system status status subsystem sends the activation signal switching signal 21, the fingerprint information is transmitted to the iris recognition subsystem information switching signal recognition subsystem 231, fingerprint information is transmitted to the iris recognition subsystem information identifying the subsystem 232, fingerprint recognition subsystem alarm trigger signal is transmitted to the alarm subsystem 25, iris recognition subsystem information to the fingerprint information for identifying the sub-system 发送的倒计时触发信号32,虹膜信息识别子系统向语音控制子系统发送的系统激活信号34,虹膜信息识别子系统向报警子系统发送的报警触发信号35。 Countdown transmission trigger signal 32, iris information signal recognition subsystem when the control is transmitted to the voice subsystem 34, information for identifying the iris of subsystems alarm to the alarm trigger signal transmitting 35.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0008] 如图1所示,本发明是基于生物信息识别的汽车防盗自动控制系统,由震动检测子系统、指纹信息识别子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统、语音识别与控制子系统、报警子系统组成,其报警子系统主要由译码器、无线报警模块、响铃报警模块组成;震动检测子系统、指纹信息识别子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统、语音识别与控制子系统的报警输出端分别与报警子系统译码器输入端相连,译码器输出端与无线报警模块和响铃报警模块的MCU输入端相连。 [0008] As shown in FIG 1, the present invention is based on biological information identifying the vehicle anti-theft system is automatically controlled by the vibration detection subsystem, subsystem fingerprint identification, iris recognition subsystem information, voice recognition and control subsystem, the alarm sub system components, which is mainly composed of an alarm subsystem decoder wireless alarm module, alarm module ring; vibration detection subsystem, alarm output terminal identification subsystem fingerprint information, iris information recognition subsystem, speech recognition and control subsystem alarm subsystem decoders respectively connected to the input connected to the output terminal of the decoder module and a wireless alarm bell alarm module MCU input. 译码器通过选通不同的通路激活无线报警模块与响铃报警模块,进行响铃报警和发送防盗警戒事项至相应远程接收装置的无线报警,响铃报警模块由MCU、数模转换器、功率放大器、扬声器四部分组成,译码器输出端与MCU输入端相连,MCU输出端与数模转换器的输入端相连,数模转换器的输出端与功率放大器输入端相连,功率放大器输出端与扬声器相连,其特征在于指纹信息识别子系统主要由指纹提取模块、信息处理模块、信息存储模块组成;指纹提取模块的输出端与模数转换器输入端相连,模数转换器的输出端与信息处理模块输入端相连,虹膜信息识别子系统同时与信息处理模块输入端相连,信息处理模块与信息存储模块相连,信息处理模块输出端分别与虹膜信息识别子系统、震动检测子系统、报警子系统相连;虹膜信息识别子系统主要由虹膜信息 Coder by gating the different pathway activation module and wireless alarm bell alarm module, and transmitting an alarm bell for security alert alarm issues to a respective remote radio receiving apparatus, ringing alarm module by the MCU, digital-power amplifiers, speakers, four parts, and the output terminal is connected to the decoder input terminal MCU, MCU output connected to the input end of the digital-to-analog converter connected to the output terminal of the power amplifier input, and an output terminal of the power amplifier connected to a speaker, wherein the fingerprint identification subsystem mainly by the fingerprint extraction module, an information processing module, the information storage module; fingerprint extraction module connected to the output of the analog to digital converter input terminal, an output terminal of the analog to digital converter and information the processing module is connected to an input terminal, while iris recognition subsystem information to the information processing module connected to an input terminal, connected to the information processing module information storage module, the information processing module output terminals respectively iris information identification subsystem, vibration detection subsystem, alarm subsystem connected; iris information from the primary information iris identification subsystem 集模块、信息处理模块、信息存储模块、模数转换器组成;虹膜信息采集模块的输出端与模数转换器输入端相连,模数转换器的输出端与虹膜信息处理模块输入端相连,指纹信息识别子系统同时与信息处理模块输入端相连,信息处理模块与存储模块相连,信息处理模块输出端分别与指纹信息识别子系统、语音控制子系统、报警子系统相连。 Collection module, the processing module information, information storage module, an analog composition; connected to the output iris information acquisition module to the input of analog to digital converter, the analog to digital converter connected to the output terminal of the input iris information processing module, a fingerprint simultaneously with the information identifying the subsystem information processing module connected to the input terminal, connected to the information processing module and a memory module, the information processing module output terminals respectively fingerprint recognition subsystem, voice control subsystem, connected to the alarm subsystem.

[0009] 如图2所示,震动检测子系统主要由震动探测模块、状态检测模块、模数转换模块、MCU组成;震动探测模块输出端与模数转换模块输入端相连,震动探测模块还要与状态探测模块的输入端相连,状态探测模块输出端与模数转换模块相应使能端相连,模数转换输出端与信息处理模块输入端相连,MCU输入端要与指纹信息识别子系统相连,MCU输出端分别与报警子系统、语音控制子系统相连。 [0009] 2, the vibration is detected by the vibration detection subsystem module mainly, the state detection module, analog to digital conversion module, the MCU composition; motion detection module is connected to the output terminal of the input of analog to digital conversion module, vibration detection module also connected to an input state detection module, the status detection module and the output terminal of a respective analog to digital conversion module coupled to an enable terminal, the output terminal of the analog to digital converter connected to the input terminal of the information processing module, the MCU subsystem coupled to the input terminal identification information with the fingerprint, MCU subsystem alarm output terminal, respectively, connected to the voice control subsystem.

[0010] 震动检测子系统的震动探测模块由多种传感器组成,主要包括:震动传感器、倾斜传感器、压力传感器、电位传感开关;模数转换模块由模数转换器组成;状态检测模块为一并行通讯接口芯片。 [0010] The vibration detecting vibration detection subsystem module from a variety of sensors, including: a vibration sensor, a tilt sensor, a pressure sensor, the potential sensor switch; analog to digital by an analog conversion module composed; a status detection module parallel communication interface chip.

[0011] 指纹信息识别子系统主要由指纹提取模块、信息处理模块、信息存储模块组成;指纹提取模块的输出端与模数转换器输入端相连,模数转换器的输出端与信息处理模块输入端相连,虹膜信息识别子系统更与信息处理模块输入端相连,信息处理模块与信息存储模块相连,信息处理模块输出端分别与虹膜信息识别子系统、震动检测子系统、报警子系统相连。 [0011] The fingerprint identification subsystem mainly by the fingerprint extraction module, an information processing module, the information storage module; fingerprint extraction module connected to the output of the analog to digital converter input terminal, an output terminal of the ADC input information processing module end is connected, iris recognition subsystem further information to the information processing module connected to the input terminal, an information processing module connected to the information storage module, the information processing module output terminals respectively iris information identification subsystem, vibration detection subsystem, connected to the alarm subsystem.

[0012] 指纹信息识别子系统的指纹提取模块由多个指纹传感器组成;信息处理模块为内部已集成高速ROM、RAM存储器的高性能微处理器(例如:DSP、ARM);信息存储模块由多种存储器组成。 [0012] Fingerprint information identifying a fingerprint extraction module subsystem by a plurality of fingerprint sensors; information processing module has an integrated high-speed internal ROM, RAM memory, high-performance microprocessor (e.g.: DSP, ARM); by a plurality of information storage module kinds of memory.

[0013] 虹膜信息识别子系统主要由虹膜信息采集模块、信息处理模块、信息存储模块、模数转换器组成;虹膜信息采集模块的输出端与模数转换器输入端相连,模数转换器的输出端与虹膜信息处理模块输入端相连,指纹信息识别子系统更与信息处理模块输入端相连, 信息处理模块与存储模块相连,信息处理模块输出端分别与指纹信息识别子系统、语音控制子系统、报警子系统相连。 [0013] iris information mainly by the iris recognition subsystem information collection module, the processing module information, information storage module, an analog composition; connected to the output iris information acquisition module to the input of analog to digital converter, ADC output of the iris information processing module connected to the input fingerprint information recognition subsystem information processing module further coupled to an input terminal, connected to the information processing module and a memory module, the information processing module output terminals respectively fingerprint recognition subsystem, voice control subsystem alarm subsystem connected.

[0014] 虹膜信息识别子系统的虹膜信息采集模块由多部摄像头组成,其中安装于方向盘上的为主摄像头,其余为从摄像头;信息处理模块为内部已集成高速ROM、RAM存储器的高性能微处理器(例如:DSP、ARM);信息存储模块由多种存储器组成。 [0014] iris information recognition subsystem iris information acquisition module from the multiple cameras, of which is attached to the main camera on the steering wheel, the balance from the camera; information processing module internal integrated high-speed ROM, high-performance micro RAM memory a processor (e.g.: DSP, ARM); a plurality of information storage module memory.

[0015] 语音控制子系统主要由麦克风、扬声器、模数转换器、数模转换器、信息存储模块、 信息处理模块组成;存储模块与信息处理模块相连,麦克风与模数转换器输入端相连,模数转换器输出端与该子系统信息处理模块输入端相连,信息处理模块输出端与数模转换器输入端相连,数模转换器输出端与扬声器和待控制车载设备相连,虹膜信息识别子系统与信息处理模块使能端相连,震动检测子系统与信息处理模块输入端相连。 [0015] The control subsystem mainly voice by a microphone, a speaker, analog-digital converters, digital information storage module, the information processing module; the storage module is connected to the information processing module connected to the microphone input of analog to digital converter, an output of the analog to digital converter subsystem information processing module connected to the input terminal, an output terminal connected to the information processing module and the digital to analog converter input terminal, an output terminal and the digital to analog converter and a speaker connected to the on-vehicle device to be controlled, the iris information for identifying the sub- systems and information processing module connected to the enable terminal, the vibration detection subsystem with the information processing module connected to the input terminal.

[0016] 语音控制子系统信息存储模块包括多种存储器,其中包括用于存储数据存储器、 用于存储程序代码的存储器,用于存储待匹配识别语音信息的存储器;信息处理模块为内部已集成高速R0M、RAM存储器的高性能微处理器(例如:DSP、ARM)。 [0016] Voice control subsystem comprises a plurality of memory information storing module which includes a memory for storing data, a memory for storing program code for storing the speech information to be matched identification memory; information processing module for the internal high-speed integrated R0M, RAM memory, high-performance microprocessor (e.g.: DSP, ARM). 上述数模转换器数量为多个而非一个,对应扬声器、各个待控制车载设备均有一个专用数模转换器存在。 A plurality of digital to analog converter is not above a number, corresponding to the speakers, each on-vehicle device to be controlled has a dedicated digital-exist.

[0017] 报警子系统主要由译码器、无线报警模块、响铃报警模块组成;震动检测子系统、 指纹信息识别子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统、语音控制子系统的报警输出端分别与报警子系统译码器输入端相连,译码器输出端与无线报警模块和响铃报警模块的MCU输入端相连。 [0017] The alarm subsystem mainly by the decoder, wireless alarm module, alarm module ring; vibration detection subsystem, subsystem fingerprint identification, iris recognition subsystem information, voice control alarm output terminal, respectively, and an alarm subsystem decoder subsystem input terminal connected to the output terminal of the decoder module and a wireless alarm bell alarm module MCU input.

[0018] 无线报警模块由MCU、串行接口芯片、GSM调制/解调器三部分组成,译码器输出端与MCU输入端相连,MCU输出端与串行接口芯片输入端相连,串行接口芯片输出端与GSM调制/解调器输入端相连;响铃报警模块由MCU、数模转换器、功率放大器、扬声器、FLASH存储器五部分组成,译码器输出端与MCU输入端相连,MCU输出端与数模转换器的输入端相连, MCU更与FLASH存储器相连,数模转换器的输出端与功率放大器输入端相连,功率放大器输出端与扬声器相连。 [0018] Wireless MCU alarm module consists of three parts, a serial interface chip, GSM modulator / demodulator composition, and the output of the decoder is connected to an input terminal MCU, MCU is connected to the output terminal of the serial interface chip input terminal, the serial interface chip output of GSM modulator / demodulator input terminal; bell alarm module consists of five parts MCU, digital to analog converters, power amplifiers, loudspeakers, FLASH memory consisting of, connected to the decoder output terminal of the input terminal and the MCU, MCU output an input terminal connected to the end of the digital to analog converter, coupled to the MCU more FLASH memory, digital to analog converter connected to the output terminal of the power amplifier input coupled to the output terminal of the power amplifier and the speaker.

[0019] 本发明的震动检测子系统的传感器与指纹信息识别子系统的传感器可分别安装于车门、车窗、引擎盖、后备箱盖、油箱盖等处(根据车型、安全级别不同可自行配置);虹膜信息识别子系统的信息采集装置可安装于方向盘及车内不同位置(根据车型、安全级别不同可自行配置),其中安装于方向盘的为主摄像头,安装于车内其他位置的为从摄像头;震动检测子系统、指纹信息识别子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统的其它模块与语音控制子系统、 报警子系统安装于车辆内部。 [0019] The vibration detecting sensor subsystem fingerprint recognition sensor subsystem of the present invention may be respectively mounted on a door, window, hood, trunk lid, etc. tank cap (model according to the security level different-configurable ); iris information recognition subsystem information collection device may be mounted in different positions on the steering wheel and the vehicle (depending on model, the security level may be configurable), wherein a steering wheel is attached to the main camera, mounted on the vehicle from the other locations camera; shake detection subsystem, fingerprint recognition subsystem information, iris information other modules and the speech recognition subsystem control subsystem, is mounted inside the vehicle alarm subsystem.

[0020] 当车主欲打开车门、车窗、引擎盖、后备箱盖、油箱盖时,通过指纹识别可自动打开,更加方便、快捷;因此,可以彻底舍弃传统锁类,消除因窃贼开锁带来的风险,降低车主随时携带钥匙的麻烦。 [0020] When the owners want to open the door, window, hood, trunk lid, when the tank cap, can be opened by an automatic fingerprint, more convenient, fast; therefore, can be completely away from the traditional locks, unlock bring eliminate thieves risk, reduce trouble owners always carry keys. 进入车内,通过虹膜识别可激活语音控制子系统;由语音控制子系统控制汽车的启动、熄火并且车主还可根据个人习惯设置语音标签,实现对空调、音响等车载设备的控制;尤其在汽车行驶过程中,只需一句话便可实现对相关设备的调节,避免司机分散注意力,进而减少交通事故的发生。 Into the car, iris recognition can be activated by voice control subsystem; subsystem is controlled by voice control to start the car, turn off and the owner can also set a voice tag according to personal habits, to achieve control of air conditioning, audio and other vehicle equipment; especially in the car the process of moving, just one sentence can achieve the regulation of related equipment, to avoid distracting the driver, thereby reducing traffic accidents.

[0021] 欲添加新用户时,可通过本系统的用户注册程序来实现。 When [0021] To add a new user, user registration can be realized by the program of the present system. 为了保证汽车的安全性, 必须由合法驾驶员通过指纹、虹膜等安全性验证后(第一次输入无需验证,默认为机动车的合法持有者),根据选择开启新用户注册程序,并录入新用户的指纹、虹膜信息,进行语音模板训练,设定有效期限与用户权限,过期自动失效。 In order to ensure the safety of the car, the driver must be a legitimate fingerprint, iris and other security verification (for the first time enter without authentication, the default is the legitimate owner of the vehicle), open a new user registration process according to the selection and entry the new user's fingerprint, iris information, voice training template, set the expiration date and user permissions expire automatically lapse. 这样在安全、可靠的基础上便实现了灵活的用户注册过程,也可实现汽车在主人允许的条件下,借给其他人使用,并杜绝了人情借车的尴尬现象发生。 So in a safe, reliable basis will achieve a flexible user registration process can also be achieved under the conditions of the car owner's permit, to lend others to use, and put an end to the human, by car embarrassing phenomenon.

[0022] 当窃贼欲暴力行窃,如:撬开车门、车窗、引擎盖、后备箱盖、油箱盖或将汽车拖走, 报警装置采用无线通信方式向车主报警,并通过响铃方式引起路人注意,以期遏制、拖延其犯罪行为;进行指纹识别错误时,通过无线报警方式向车主报警并在报警信息中指明汽车哪个位置发生异常;由于汽车所处地理位置即为车主最后停车位置,所以本系统报警信息中不再刻意指明汽车所处地理位置。 [0022] When the thieves to steal want violence, such as: forced open doors, windows, hood, trunk lid, or an automobile fuel tank cap towed alarm device as radio alarm to the owners, passers-by and causing ring pattern Note that in order to curb, delay their criminal behavior; fingerprint recognition errors, the alarm by wireless alarm and indicate the way to the owners of cars which position an exception occurs in the alarm information; due to the geographical location is the car owners last parking position, so this alarm system is no longer deliberately specified motor vehicle geographical location. 例如:虹膜信息匹配错误或进入车内人员经提示后仍未进行虹膜检测,则进行响铃报警,并通过无线报警方式向车主报警。 For example: iris information matching error into the car or not, after completing prompt iris detection is performed ringing alarm, and an alarm to the owner via a wireless alarm mode.

[0023] 下面结合附图进一步展开本发明述。 [0023] The present invention will be further described later deployed in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

[0024] 如图1所示,本发明中的车辆防盗自动控制系统主要包括:震动检测子系统、指纹信息识别子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统、语音控制子系统、报警子系统。 [0024] As shown, in the present invention, the automatic control system of a vehicle antitheft including: vibration detection subsystem, subsystem fingerprint identification, iris recognition subsystem information, voice control subsystem, the alarm subsystem. 通过上述五个子系统实现在汽车停妥状态下,若受到强烈撞击及暴力开启车门、车窗、引擎盖、后备箱盖时,震动检测子系统向报警子系统发送报警触发信号15,由报警子系统按照预先设置进行报警。 In the above-described subsystem enables car five state by the well arranged, and when a strong impact force to open the door, window, hood, trunk lid when the vibration detection subsystem subsystem sends a trigger signal 15 to the alarm warning by the warning subsystem according to pre-set alarm. 进入车辆内部前对驾驶者指纹信息进行检测,控制车门自动打开,并由指纹信息识别子系统向虹膜信息识别子系统发送系统激活信号232 ;若指纹信息错误,则由指纹信息识别子系统向报警子系统发送报警触发信号25。 Before the driver enters the vehicle interior detects the fingerprint information, automatically controls the door open, by fingerprint information identifying the iris recognition subsystem subsystem sends information system activation signal 232; if fingerprint information error, information by the fingerprint recognition subsystem to the alarm alarm trigger signal transmitting subsystem 25. 发动汽车前对虹膜信息进行检测,由虹膜信息识别子系统向语音控制子系统发送系统激活信号34,激活语音控制子系统;若虹膜信息错误,则虹膜信息识别子系统向报警子系统发送报警触发信号35。 Start the car before the detected iris information, iris information controlled by the voice recognition subsystem to subsystem 34 activation signal transmission system, voice activated control subsystem; if error iris information, iris information identifying the subsystem to send an alarm triggered alarm subsystem signal 35. 进入车辆控制阶段,以语音命令调节各种车载设备和发动机的启停;欲打开油箱盖、引擎盖、后备箱盖时,通过设置在相应位置的指纹传感器进行识别,指纹信息匹配正确则自动打开;车辆发生较大角度倾斜、 剧烈震动、受到强烈撞击等情况时,则震动检测子系统向语音控制子系统发送语音提示触发信号11,由语音控制子系统按照预先设置向车内人员报告汽车哪个位置出现了问题;检测到驾驶室内有人活动,经提示后仍不进行虹膜检测,亦由虹膜信息识别子系统向报警子系统发送报警触发信号35,通过报警子系统按照预先设置进行报警。 Control phase enters the vehicle, a voice command to adjust the start and stop of the engine and various in-vehicle equipment; To open the tank lid, hood, trunk lid when carried out to identify the corresponding position in the fingerprint sensor by setting the correct fingerprint information matches the automatic opening ; there is a greater angle of inclination of the vehicle, severe vibration, impact or the like by a strong case, the vibration detection subsystem control subsystem sends a voice signal to voice prompts a trigger 11, a voice report automobile control subsystem which is set in advance according to the occupants location of a problem; activity was detected in the cabin, still be prompted by the iris detection, identification subsystem also increased from iris information subsystem sends an alarm signal to the alarm trigger 35, subsystem in accordance with pre-set alarm through the alarm.

[0025] 在实际应用中,驾驶员可能因多种情况离开车辆,为方便车主使用汽车,本发明加入锁车确认功能。 [0025] In practice, the driver may leave the vehicle for a variety of circumstances, to facilitate the use of the car owner, the present invention is added car lock check function. 正常使用车辆的过程中,该系统处于正常运行状态,虹膜信息识别子系统不断检测车内是否有人。 During normal use of the vehicle, the system is in normal operation, the iris recognition subsystem information was constantly monitored whether the vehicle. 车内有人说明处于正常使用中,继续进行检测;车内无人说明车主已离开车辆,离开车辆有两种情况,一种为暂时离开,短时间内即可回来;另一种为长时间的停车离开。 Someone inside the car description is in normal use, continue to be detected; no one explained the owner of the car has left the vehicle, leave the vehicle there are two cases, one is temporarily away a short time to come back; the other is a long time parking leave. 若车主短暂离开车辆,整套防盗系统便进入防盗状态并将车辆锁闭,这会令汽车使用者感觉相当麻烦,所以本发明通过指纹信息识别子系统采用指纹输入的锁车确认方式,以实现人性化配置方案。 If the owner leaves the vehicle briefly, the entire anti-theft alarm system will enter the state and lock the vehicle, this will make car users feel quite troublesome, so the present invention is to lock your car subsystem uses a fingerprint input confirmation through fingerprint identification information in order to achieve humanity Disposition program. 但车主长时间离开车辆,亦可能忘记锁车,所以本系统则采用锁车倒计时的方式,当虹膜信息识别子系统检测到车内无人时,虹膜信息识别子系统向指纹信息识别子系统发送倒计时触发信号32,指纹信息识别子系统开始执行倒计时,当倒计时结束仍未检测到锁车确认信息则自动锁车,并由指纹信息识别子系统向震动检测子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统分别发送状态切换信号21、231,震动检测子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统接收到该信号后,立即由行车启动状态切换为防盗状态。 However, the owner leaves the vehicle for a long time, also may forget to lock the car, the present vehicle system lock countdown mode is used, when the iris recognition system to detect the information to the car unattended, iris recognition subsystem information to the fingerprint identification information transmission subsystem countdown trigger signal 32, fingerprint recognition subsystem started the countdown, the countdown is not detected when the end of the profile lock the car automatically lock the vehicle by the fingerprint recognition subsystem iris recognition subsystem sends information to the vibration detection subsystem, respectively, 21,231 state switching signal, the shock detection subsystem, the iris recognition subsystem receiving the information signal, immediately switched from the active state to the alarm state driving.

[0026] 欲添加新用户时,可通过用户注册程序来实现。 When [0026] To add a new user, the user may be implemented by a registration procedure. 为了保证汽车的安全性,必须由合法驾驶员通过指纹、虹膜等安全系统的验证后(第一次输入无需验证,输入后即为合法持有者),才可根据选择开启新用户注册程序,并录入新用户的指纹、虹膜信息,进行语音模板训练,设定有效期限与用户权限,过期自动失效。 In order to ensure the safety of the car, the driver must be authenticated by a legitimate fingerprint, iris and other security systems (first input without authentication, enter after the legitimate holders), before opening the new user registration process according to the selection, and enter a new user's fingerprint, iris information, voice training template, set the expiration date and user permissions expire automatically lapse. 这样在安全、可靠的基础上便实现了灵活的用户注册过程,也可实现汽车在主人允许的条件下,借给其他人使用。 So in a safe, reliable basis will achieve a flexible user registration process can also be achieved under the conditions of the car owner's permit, to lend someone else to use.

[0027] 如图2所示,震动检测子系统主要由震动探测模块、状态检测模块、模数转换模块、MCU组成;震动探测模块输出端与模数转换模块输入端相连,震动探测模块所包含的各个传感器的状态端更与状态探测模块的输入端相连,状态探测模块输出端与模数转换模块相应使能端相连,模数转换输出端与信息处理模块输入端相连,信息处理模块输入端同时与指纹信息识别子系统相连,信息处理模块输出端分别与报警子系统、语音控制子系统相连。 [0027] 2, the vibration is detected by the vibration detection subsystem module mainly, the state detection module, analog to digital conversion module, the MCU composition; motion detection module is connected to the output terminal of the input of analog to digital conversion module, vibration detection module comprising state of each sensor terminal more input end state detection module is connected, the status detection module output of analog to digital conversion module appropriate so connected to the enable terminal, analog to digital converter output and the information processing module connected to the input, the information processing module input simultaneously with the fingerprint recognition subsystem is connected to the output terminal of an information processing module and each alarm subsystem, coupled to the voice control subsystem.

[0028] 本发明采用美国htel公司的8031AH单片机作为MCU,并行接口芯片8255A作为状态检测模块,A/D转换器ADC0809作为模数转换模块,震动探测模块由多个震动传感器ADXL05、压力传感器GY10、电位传感器PKE05A1、倾斜传感器LE60组成。 [0028] The present invention is used by the US company 8031AH htel as microcontroller MCU, a parallel interface chip 8255A as the state detection module, A / D converter ADC0809 as analog to digital conversion module, a plurality of vibration detection by the shock sensor module ADXL05, GY10 pressure sensor, potentiometric sensor PKE05A1, tilt sensor LE60 composition.

[0029] 上述震动探测模块所包含的传感器为可探测车辆是否有异常现象产生。 [0029] The above-described vibration detection sensor module that can be included in the vehicle to detect whether there is an abnormal phenomenon. 例如:在本实施例中,在车门、车窗、油箱盖、引擎盖、后备箱盖处安装了震动传感器和电位传感器; 在底盘上安装了倾斜传感器。 For example: In the present embodiment, the doors, windows, fuel tank cap, hood, trunk lid and a shock sensor installed at a potential sensor; tilt sensor mounted on the chassis. 模数转换模块由模数转换器组成;状态检测模块为一并行通讯接口芯片。 Analog to digital conversion module composed by an analog; status detection module is a parallel communication interface chip. 在车主将车子停妥后,若其中有一传感器产生传感信号,则会将其传送至MCU, 例如:引擎盖、车门等被非法开启,使得电位传感开关产生传感信号,并送至MCU。 After the car owners to be in order, if there is a sensor which generates sensor signals, it will be transferred to the MCU, for example: hood, a door or the like is illegally opened, so that the potential of the sensing switch generates a sensing signal, and sent to MCU. MCU对传感信号进行处理并与预先设定的阈值进行对比,若已超过阈值,则检测该子系统相应状态位,如果状态位显示未经过指纹识别,则激活报警子系统,向指定手机发送报警信息并拉响警铃;如果状态位显示已经过指纹识别,则说明为合法车主的授权操作。 The MCU processes the sensor signals and compared with a threshold value set in advance, Ruoyi exceeds the threshold value, the corresponding status bit is detected this subsystem, the status bit if the fingerprint has not elapsed, an alarm is activated subsystem to the designated mobile phone transmits sounding the alarm and the alarm information; If the status bit has been displayed fingerprint, then the authorization for the operation of the legitimate owner. 当然,在其它实施例中,传感器的数量及种类可依据不同的防盗需求进行增删或置换成不同种传感元件。 Of course, in other embodiments, the number and types of sensors may be based on different security requirements deletions or replaced with different types of sensor elements.

[0030] 在行车过程中,当汽车受到撞击时,分布于车身各处的传感器探测到这一冲击信号,并进行模数转换,然后将其传输给该子系统的MCU。 [0030] In the driving process, when the vehicle is hit on the body throughout the distribution sensor to detect the surge signal and analog to digital conversion, and then transmits it to the MCU subsystem. MCU对信号进行处理,与预先设定的震动报警阈值对比,若达到该阈值,则通过语音控制子系统对司机进行语音提示,帮助驾驶员了解汽车当前状况;若未达到该阈值,则继续进行探测。 MCU for signal processing, contrast and vibration alarm threshold value set in advance, if the threshold is reached, the voice subsystem voice prompts the driver control the car to help the driver understand the current situation; the threshold is not reached, then proceed probe.

[0031] 为方便车主使用汽车,本发明加入锁车确认功能。 [0031] To facilitate confirmation function using the car owners, the present invention is added to lock the car. 驾驶员离开车辆后,虹膜信息识别子系统检测到车内无人时,给指纹信息识别子系统一个高电平信号,该指纹信息识别子系统开始进行倒计时,计时时间到,则汽车自动锁闭,该指纹信息识别子系统亦进入防盗状态,并向震动检测子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统发送状态切换信号,震动检测子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统接收到状态切换信号后,亦进入防盗状态;若在倒计时过程中,指纹信息识别子系统收到锁车确认信号,则指纹信息识别子系统立即停止倒计时,进入防盗状态,同时向震动检测子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统发送状态切换信号。 After leaving the vehicle driver, iris information recognition subsystem detects no vehicle, fingerprint recognition subsystem to a high level signal, the fingerprint identification subsystem starts the countdown, time to time, the automotive automatic locking after the fingerprint recognition subsystem also into the security state, and the shock detection subsystem, subsystem sends information identifying the iris state switching signal, the shock detection subsystem, iris recognition subsystem information received state switching signal, also enters the alarm state ; If during the countdown, the fingerprint recognition subsystem information received acknowledgment signal lock the car, the fingerprint identification subsystem immediately stop the countdown, into the security state, and the vibration detection subsystem, subsystem sends information identifying the iris state switching signal. 震动检测子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统接收到状态切换信号后,立即进入防盗状态。 After shaking detection subsystem, iris recognition subsystem receives the status information signal to switch immediately into the security state.

[0032] 如图3所示,该子系统工作时分为两种状态,S卩:防盗状态和行车启动状态,在在一定条件下可实现状态间相互转换。 [0032] As shown, the state is divided into two working subsystem 3, S Jie: driving the security state and activated state, under certain conditions during state transition can be achieved with each other. 汽车处于锁闭状态时,该子系统处于防盗状态,当有强烈撞击作用于车体时,相应部位的传感器采集到这一信号,并将其传输至模数转换模块。 When the vehicle is in the locked state, in the security state of the subsystem, when a strong impact acts on the vehicle body, the sensor corresponding to this portion of the collected signal, and transmits it to the analog to digital conversion module. 模数转换模块的通道选通由状态探测模块控制,状态探测模块不断检测各传感器状态,检测到信号输入时,状态探测模块则控制模数转换模块将相应通道或端口导通,并进行模数转换,然后将已转为数字信号的传感信息交给该子系统MCU进行处理。 Channel gating analog to digital conversion module by the state detection module control, the state detection module continues to detect the sensor status detected signal is input, the state detection module controls analog to digital conversion module corresponding channel or port is turned on, and modulus conversion, then the information which has been converted to a digital sensor signal to the MCU subsystem for processing. 该子系统MCU对输入的传感信息与预设的报警阈值比较,超过阈值,则检测该子系统用于接收指纹信息识别子系统输入信息区域的状态标志位,若相应标志位已置1,说明接触车辆的人已通过指纹认证,为授权使用者,该子系统则进入行车状态;若相应标志位为0,说明受到非法攻击,立即报警。 The MCU subsystem on sensing information with a preset alarm threshold comparator input exceeds the threshold value, the detection subsystem is configured to receive the fingerprint identification subsystem information input state flag information area, if the corresponding flag bit is set, Description of the contact person has a vehicle fingerprint authentication, authorized users, the subsystem enters the traffic state; if the corresponding flag bit is 0, described by illegal attack the police. 在其它实施例中,可根据实际情况自行设定报警阈值。 In other embodiments, the self-alarm threshold may be set according to actual situation.

[0033] 车辆进入行车启动状态,当汽车受到撞击时,分布于车身各处的传感器探测到这一冲击信号,采用与上述相同的方法交给MCU进行处理,处理结果若高于阈值,则传输信息给语音控制子系统,按照预设语音信息对驾驶员进行语音提示。 [0033] The activation state of the vehicle into the road, when the vehicle is hit, the sensors distributed throughout the body to detect the impact signal, using the same method as above to MCU processing, when the processing result is above the threshold, the transmission information to the voice control subsystem, the driver voice prompts preset voice messages.

[0034] 处于行车启动状态时,该震动检测子系统接到指纹信息识别子系统发来的状态切换信号后,立即进入防盗状态。 When the [0034] driving in activated state, the vibration detection subsystem to subsystem fingerprint identification information sent by the state switching signal, immediately into the security state.

[0035] 如图如所示,指纹信息识别子系统主要由信息处理模块、信息存储模块、指纹提取模块三部分组成。 [0035] As shown in FIG, fingerprint recognition subsystem consists of three parts information processing module, information storage module, fingerprint extraction module. 上述指纹提取模块由多个指纹传感器组成;信息处理模块为内部已集成高速ROM、RAM存储器的高性能微处理器(例如:DSP、ARM);信息存储模块由SRAM存储器、FLASH存储器组成。 Fingerprint extraction module above a plurality of fingerprint sensors; information processing module has an integrated high-speed internal ROM, RAM memory performance microprocessor (e.g.: DSP, ARM); an SRAM memory information storage module, FLASH memory. 指纹提取模块的输出端与模数转换器输入端相连,模数转换器的输出端与信息处理模块输入端相连,信息处理模块与信息存储模块相连,虹膜信息识别子系统更与信息处理模块输入端相连,信息处理模块输出端分别与虹膜信息识别子系统、震动检测子系统、报警子系统相连。 Fingerprint extraction module the output of analog to digital converter input terminal, an output terminal of the analog to digital converter and an information processing module connected to the input module is connected to the information processing and information storage module, iris recognition subsystem further information and input information processing module end is connected to the output terminal of information processing modules respectively iris information identification subsystem, vibration detection subsystem, connected to the alarm subsystem.

[0036] 本发明采用了TI公司的TMS320DM642集成开发板作为开发平台,班上集成了模数转换器、数模转换器、FLASH存储器、SDRAM存储器。 [0036] The present invention uses TI's TMS320DM642 board as the integrated development platform class integrated ADCs, DACs, FLASH memory, SDRAM memory. 为提高指纹采集精度,本实施例中普遍采用了基于电容充放电原理的晶体电容触摸式CMOS指纹传感器FPS200。 To improve the accuracy of fingerprint, in this embodiment commonly used capacitance capacitor charge and discharge principle based on the crystal touch-CMOS fingerprint sensor FPS200. 该类传感器的传感阵列每一点是一个金属电极,作为电容器的一个极,按在传感器表面上的手指的对应点则作为另一极。 Such an array of sensors each sensing point is a metal electrode, one pole of a capacitor, according to corresponding points of the finger on the sensor surface is used as the other electrode. 由于指纹的脊和谷相对于另一极之间的距离不同,导致硅表面电容阵列的各个电容值不同,这样电容阵列值就描述了一幅精确的指纹图像。 Since the ridges and valleys of the fingerprint with respect to different distances between the other electrode, result in different capacitance values ​​of the capacitor array of the silicon surface, so that the capacitor array value is described in an accurate fingerprint image.

[0037] 该指纹信息识别子系统中信息存储模块的FLASH存储器主要用于存放指纹信息库,当进行指纹识别时,提取输入指纹的特征与该指纹信息库中已有指纹特征逐个匹配,进行识别;SDRAM存储器主要用于存储运行过程中产生的临时数据与输入的指纹图像信息。 [0037] This fingerprint information identifies characteristic information storage subsystem module FLASH memory for storage of fingerprint information database, when the fingerprinting, fingerprints of the existing one by extracting the input fingerprint information matches the fingerprint feature database, identification ; SDRAM memory mainly used for temporary data storage during operation generates the input fingerprint image information.

[0038] 将指纹传感器安装于车门、弓丨擎盖、后备箱盖、油箱盖等处(根据车型不同可自由配置),例:当车主欲打开车门时,将手指放于指纹传感器上进行指纹检测,车门自动打开; 这样免去了时刻携带钥匙的麻烦,且避免了因传统车锁能被轻易打开所带来的风险。 [0038] The fingerprint sensor is attached to a door, Shu bow engine cover, trunk lid, the fuel tank cap, etc. (depending on the model can be configured freely), Example: To open the door when the owner, the finger placed on the fingerprint sensor fingerprint detection, automatic doors open; this time without the hassle of carrying keys, and to avoid the risk of a traditional lock can be opened easily brought about. 同理, 安装于其它位置的指纹传感器在提高车辆防盗性能的同时亦使相关操作方便、快捷,例:安装在油箱盖上可防止窃贼盗油,安装在后备箱上可防止盗窃其所装物品,安装在引擎盖上可防止盗窃车体组件;若犯罪分子采用暴力方式开启相关位置,震动检测子系统探测到相关信息则立即报警。 Similarly, the fingerprint sensor is attached to the other positions while improving vehicle theft resistance is also relevant that the easy to operate, fast, for example: mounting the fuel tank lid prevents thieves Stolen, mounting it prevents theft of items attached on a trunk , vehicle theft can be prevented assembly mounted on the hood; if violent criminals using relevant open position, the shock detection subsystem to detect the alarm information immediately. 当车主通过相应位置指纹识别后,指纹信息识别子系统向震动检测子系统发送一信号,将相应区域的指纹识别状态标志位置1 ;打开相应位置(车门、引擎盖、油箱盖、后备箱盖)时,震动检测子系统相应传感开关会探测到一电平变化,然后对相应标志位进行检测,若该标志位已置1,说明指纹识别已通过可能是合法车主,则不进行报警。 When the owner by a corresponding location of the fingerprint, the fingerprint recognition system to detect the vibration information subsystem sends a signal, corresponding to the fingerprint identification flag status bit region; respective open position (door, hood, the fuel tank lid, the trunk lid) when the vibration sensing switch corresponding detection subsystem will detect a level change, then the corresponding flag bit is detected, if the flag bit is set, fingerprint recognition has been explained by the legitimate owner may be, no alarms.

[0039] 驾驶员离开车辆后,虹膜信息识别子系统检测到车内无人时,给指纹信息识别子系统一个高电平信号,该指纹信息识别子系统开始进行倒计时,计时时间到,则汽车自动锁闭,该指纹信息识别子系统进入防盗状态,同时向震动检测子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统发送状态切换信号,震动检测子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统接收到该状态切换信号后,亦进入防盗状态;若在倒计时过程中,指纹信息识别子系统收到锁车确认信号,汽车自动锁闭,该指纹信息识别子系统进入防盗状态,并向震动检测子系统和虹膜信息识别子系统发送状态切换信号,震动检测子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统接到该信号后亦进入防盗状态。 [0039] After leaving the vehicle driver, iris information recognition subsystem detects no vehicle, fingerprint recognition subsystem to a high level signal, the fingerprint identification subsystem starts the countdown, time to time, the car after the automatic locking, the fingerprint identification subsystem information into the security state, while iris recognition subsystem information transmitted to the vibration state of the switch signal detection subsystem, vibration detection subsystem, iris information recognition subsystem receives the state switching signal, also into the security state; if during the countdown, the fingerprint recognition subsystem information received acknowledgment signal lock car, automobile automatic locking, the fingerprint identification subsystem information into the security state, and the shock detector subsystem sends information identifying the subsystem and iris state switching signal, the shock detection subsystem, iris recognition subsystem after receiving the information signal also into the security state.

[0040] 在本发明中,对FPS200传感器采集到的指纹图像首先进行脊线频率估计,然后采用5 * 5离散高斯滤波器对得到的脊线频率进行低通滤波;第三把指纹图像的局部方向、局部频率作为Gabor滤波函数的参数,用Gabor函数与指纹图像进行卷积,如此可突出纹线固有结构,去除图像噪声;第四将得到的指纹图像分成8 * 8块,采用局部阈值法对图像进行二值化;第五采用ICM神经网络对二值化图像进行细化;第六我们将指纹图像中的端点和分叉点作为指纹的特征,把端点、分叉点的位置、方向和类型信息记入特征点集合;第六采用FBI提出的细节点坐标模型进行特征点匹配。 [0040] In the present invention, the sensor FPS200 collected fingerprint image is first ridge line frequency estimate, and a 5 * 5 discrete Gaussian filter frequency image was subjected to low pass filtering; the third partial fingerprint image direction, as the frequency of the local parameters of the Gabor filter function, for the fingerprint image with the Gabor function convolution, thus projecting ridge may be inherent structure, removing an image noise; fourth fingerprint image obtained into 8 * 8 blocks using local threshold binarizing the image; ICM fifth neural network using the binarized image thinning; sixth we fingerprint image as the bifurcation point and endpoints of fingerprint characteristics, the end position, a diverging point, a direction and the type of information recorded in the feature point set; VI using minutia coordinates FBI proposed model feature point matching.

[0041] 如图4b所示,指纹信息识别子系统工作时分为两种状态,即:防盗状态和行车启动状态。 [0041] Figure 4b, the fingerprint identification information is divided into two sub-state, namely: anti-theft state state and start driving. 该子系统在一定条件下可互相转换。 The subsystem can be converted to each other under certain conditions. 本实施例中通过指纹传感器采集的指纹信息为一幅由电容阵列值描述的指纹图像。 A fingerprint image by the capacitance of the array value in the embodiment described fingerprint collected by the fingerprint sensor of the present embodiment.

[0042] 在防盗状态时,该图像被传输给信息处理模块做进一步图像处理提取指纹特征, 并将该指纹特征暂时存储于SRAM存储器中;同时,从FLASH存储器按一定顺序把指纹信息库中已有指纹特征逐个调入SRAM存储器,并与输入指纹的特征进行模式匹配。 [0042] When the security state, the image is transmitted to the information processing module for further image processing to extract the minutiae and the minutiae temporarily stored in SRAM memory; the same time, have the fingerprint information from the FLASH memory in a certain order repository fingerprint characteristic transferred one by one SRAM memory, and the feature of the input pattern matching fingerprint. 匹配成功, 则执行相应操作,同时,停止将FLASH存储器中指纹特征调入SRAM存储器;匹配失败,则重新提取指纹信息,重新匹配,若连续失败3次,立即激活报警子系统,按照本子系统发出的报警指令进行相应报警操作。 The matching is successful, a corresponding operation is performed while stopping the transferred SRAM memory FLASH memory minutiae; match fails, then re-extracted fingerprint information, re-matching, if three consecutive failures, immediately activate the alarm subsystem, given in accordance with the present subsystem alarm operation instructions corresponding alarm.

[0043] 在行车启动状态时,该指纹信息识别子系统不断检测是否有虹膜信息识别子系统的信号输入。 [0043] In the activated state while driving, the fingerprint recognition subsystem detects whether a signal is input continuously iris information recognition subsystem. 当虹膜信息识别子系统检测到车内无人时,给该指纹信息识别子系统发出一信号,该子系统接到信号立即开始倒计时,若倒计时过程中,接收到输入的指纹信息,则立即进行指纹匹配,匹配成功则锁闭车辆并进入防盗状态,同时向震动检测子系统和虹膜信息识别子系统发送状态切换信号,震动检测子系统和虹膜信息识别子系统接收到该状态切换信号,立即由行车启动状态切换为防盗状态;匹配失败则继续进行倒计时。 When the iris information recognition subsystem detects no vehicle, it sends a signal to the fingerprint recognition subsystem that starts the countdown to the signal immediately, if the countdown, the input fingerprint information is received, then immediately fingerprint matching, the matching is successful and the lock into the security state of the vehicle, while the state switching signal transmitting vibration information detection subsystem and iris recognition subsystem receives the state switching signal to the vibration detection subsystem and a subsystem iris identification information, the immediately driving start state to the alarm state; match fails to continue the countdown. 若倒计时结束,无指纹信息输入,则自动锁闭车辆,该指纹信息识别子系统进入防盗状态,并给震动检测子系统和虹膜信息识别子系统发出状态切换信号,震动检测子系统和虹膜信息识别子系统接收到该状态切换信号,立即由行车启动状态切换为防盗状态。 When the countdown ends, no input fingerprint information, the automatic locking of the vehicle, the fingerprint information into the security state recognition subsystem, and the subsystem issuing-state switching signal to the vibration detection subsystem and iris recognition information, and vibration detection subsystem iris identification information subsystem receives the state switching signal is immediately switched from the active state to drive the security state. 若在倒计时过程中,虹膜信息识别子系统检测到有人进入车内,语音提示进行虹膜检测,在规定时间内未进行检测或虹膜识别失败,则立即向车主报警;虹膜识别成功,则向指纹信息识别子系统发送一个信号,指纹信息识别子系统接收到该信号后停止倒计时。 If during the countdown, the iris recognition system to detect information that someone entered the car, the voice prompts iris detection, not failure to detect or iris recognition within the specified time, the alarm immediately to the owners; iris recognition is successful, the fingerprint information transmitting a signal recognition subsystem, fingerprint recognition subsystem receiving the signal after the countdown is stopped.

[0044] 在日常生活中,我们接触过的东西表面都会留下指纹,这很容易被别有用心之人获取。 [0044] In daily life, we come into contact with the surface of things will leave fingerprints, it is easy to get people with ulterior motives. 因此,仅仅有指纹信息识别子系统和震动探测子系统还不足以保护车辆安全。 Therefore, the only fingerprint recognition subsystem information and vibration detection subsystem is not enough to protect the safety of vehicles. 而人体虹膜具有唯一性、稳定性等特点,识别准确率高。 Human iris has a unique and characteristic properties, stability, high recognition accuracy. 在系统中加入虹膜信息识别子系统,可实现对驾驶室内活动的自动监测,有效防止窃贼盗窃车内物品。 Added to the system iris recognition subsystem information, automatic monitoring of the activities of the cab, effectively prevent thieves stealing items inside the car.

[0045] 如图fe所示,虹膜信息识别子系统主要由虹膜信息采集模块、信息存储模块、信息处理模块和模数转换器组成。 [0045] As shown in FIG Fe, iris information mainly by the iris recognition subsystem information collection module, information storage module, information processing module, and an analog components. 虹膜信息采集模块的输出端与模数转换器输入端相连,模数转换器的输出端与虹膜信息处理模块输入端相连,指纹信息识别子系统更与信息处理模块输入端相连,信息处理模块与存储模块相连,信息处理模块输出端分别与指纹信息识别子系统、语音控制子系统、报警子系统相连。 Iris information acquisition module output of analog to digital converter with an input terminal connected to the output terminal of the analog to digital converter input information processing module iris, fingerprint recognition subsystem further information to the information processing module connected to the input terminal, and an information processing module a storage module is connected, the output terminal of information processing modules respectively fingerprint recognition subsystem, voice control subsystem, connected to the alarm subsystem.

[0046] 本发明采用了TI公司的TMS320DM642集成开发板作为开发平台,板上集成了模数转换器、数模转换器、FLASH存储器、SDRAM存储器。 [0046] The present invention uses TI's TMS320DM642 board as the integrated development platform board integrated ADCs, DACs, FLASH memory, SDRAM memory. 虹膜信息采集模块由安装于车内的多部视频采集设备组成,该视频采集设备须具有快速自动聚焦功能。 Iris information acquisition module from the multiple video capture device attached to the vehicle composed of the video capture device must have fast auto focus function.

[0047] 该子系统中信息存储模块的FLASH存储器主要用于存放虹膜信息库,当进行虹膜识别时,提取输入虹膜的特征与该虹膜信息库中已有虹膜特征逐个匹配,进行识别;SDRAM 存储器主要用于存储运行过程中产生的临时数据与输入的虹膜图像信息。 [0047] The FLASH memory subsystem information storage module for storage of iris information database, when the iris recognition, iris features have been extracted one by one input to the iris matching iris repository, for recognition; the SDRAM memory mainly used for temporary data storage during the operation of the iris image produced by the information input. 视频采集设备安装于车辆内部不同位置(根据车型不同,自由配置),并确定安装于方向盘上的摄像头为主摄像头,其余为从摄像头。 Video capture device attached to different locations within the vehicle (depending on the model, consisting of configuration), and determining the camera attached to the camera based on the steering wheel, the balance from the camera. 在汽车停止的状态下,系统自动进行运动检测,由所有摄像头对车内情况进行监测,主摄像头亦担负着采集虹膜信息的重任。 In the car stopped state, the system automatically detects motion, the vehicle is monitored all instances by the camera, the main camera is also charged with the task of collecting information on the iris. 当监测到有人进入车内时,采用语音提示其进行虹膜检测;若经过一段时间后仍然没有进行检测,则可能为窃贼,立即激活报警子系统,按照本子系统发出的报警指令进行相应报警操作。 When someone enters the monitored car, which uses voice prompts iris detector; if after a period of time is still not detected, it is possible for the thieves, immediately activate the alarm subsystem, the corresponding alarm operation according to the present alarm instruction issued by the subsystem.

[0048] 在进行运动检测的过程中必须加入何时、满足何种条件的情况下激活主摄像头进入虹膜识别过程的判别程序。 Activation of the master camera to a decision procedure in the case of iris identification process [0048] In carrying out the motion detection process must be added when and what condition is satisfied. 本实施例中采用了计算物体与背景比例的方法,确定驾驶员是否进行虹膜检测。 The present embodiment uses a method of calculating the ratio of the object and the background, the driver is determined whether iris detection. 由于驾驶室内部空间较小,物体占背景的比例在一个大概的范围内,不会有太大变化;而进行虹膜检测时,因为驾驶员眼睛距离主摄像头很近,所以其所占背景比例会大幅提高,甚至达到100%。 Since the small space inside the cab, the proportion of the background object within a rough range, will not change much; and when the iris detection, because the driver's eye from the main camera close, so that the share ratio will BACKGROUND a substantial increase, even up to 100%. 利用这一规律设定物体与背景的比例阈值,当达到这个阈值时,则激活虹膜识别程序,进行虹膜识别;低于这个阈值,则不断进行检测。 With this object and the background set regularity threshold ratio, when this threshold is reached, the program is activated iris recognition, iris recognition; below this threshold, the continuous detection.

[0049] 在正常使用过程中,该子系统不断检测车内是否有人。 [0049] In normal use, the subsystem continuously detect whether someone inside the car. 在驾驶员离开车辆后,该子系统检测到车内无人时,给指纹信息识别子系统一个高电平信号,使上述指纹信息识别子系统开始倒计时,计时时间到,则汽车自动进行锁闭,指纹信息识别子系统进入防盗状态, 并给虹膜信息识别子系统、震动检测子系统一个状态切换信号,震动检测子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统接收到状态切换信号后亦进入防盗状态;若在倒计时过程中,指纹信息识别子系统收到锁车确认信号,则立即进入防盗状态,并向震动检测子系统和虹膜信息识别子系统同时发出状态切换信号,震动检测子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统接到该信号后亦进入防盗状态。 After the driver leaves the vehicle, the unmanned vehicle subsystem detected, fingerprint information recognition subsystem to a high level signal, so that the fingerprint recognition subsystem starts the countdown, time to time, automatically locking the car , fingerprint recognition subsystem into the security state information, iris information and for identification subsystem, the subsystem detects a vibration state switching signal, the shock detection subsystem, iris information recognition subsystem also receives the state switching signal into the security state; if countdown, fingerprint recognition subsystem lock the car received acknowledgment signal is immediately into the security state, and the shock detection subsystem information and iris recognition subsystem also issued state switching signal, the shock detection subsystem, iris information identification subsystem after receiving this signal also into the security state. [0050] 在虹膜检测与识别部分主要包括虹膜内外边缘的检测,即虹膜定位,眼皮和睫毛检测,虹膜图像的归一化处理,虹膜图像的增强,均衡背景照明,增强对比度,去除噪声,特征提取,识别匹配等处理。 [0050] In the iris detection and identification part includes detecting the inner and outer edge of the iris, the normalized i.e. iris localization, eyelids and eyelashes detection, the iris image of a process, enhance the iris image, equilibrium background illumination, enhancing the contrast, removing noise, wherein extraction, recognition matching process.

[0051] (1)在虹膜的定位中,本设计分别采用基于局部区域的方法去定位虹膜内边缘,即瞳孔定位;并结合形态学算子消除瞳孔内部光斑的影响,用Carmy边缘检测算子寻找虹膜外边缘,通过融合这两种边缘信息来定位虹膜的内外边界,得到虹膜内外边界圆心、半径, 分割出一个环行的虹膜区域。 [0051] (1) in the positioning of the iris, the present design methods were used to locate the local region based on the inner edge of the iris, i.e., the pupil location; and morphological operators to eliminate the influence of the pupil of the spot inside, edge detection operator with Carmy Looking for an outer edge of the iris, the inner and outer boundary of the iris is positioned by the fusion of these two edge information obtained inside and outside the boundary of the center of the iris radius, the iris region is divided in a ring.

[0052] (2)在虹膜图像的归一化处理中,本设计采用橡皮圈模型展开的方法,将笛卡儿坐标下的虹膜区域转换到极坐标系下具有固定大小的矩形区域C,方便后面的进一步操作。 [0052] (2) In the normalization process of the iris image, the rubber band design method model is deployed to convert the iris region of the lower cartesian coordinate to polar coordinates having a fixed size rectangular region C, conveniently further following operations.

[0053] (3)虹膜图像增强中,首先对虹膜图像进行分块处理,计算出每个小分块的亮度均值,然后将得到的每个小分块的亮度均值进行插值处理,得到与原始图像同样大小的背景亮度估计,为了得到亮度一致的虹膜图像,将背景亮度估计值从原虹膜图像中减去,然后利用全局的直方图均衡化方法对亮度均勻的虹膜图像进行增强处理,最后利用均值滤波对增强后的图像进行滤波处理去除噪声,得到增强后的虹膜图像。 [0053] (3) iris image enhancement, the first iris image into blocks, calculates the average brightness of each small block, and then the obtained average luminance for each small block to an interpolation process, to obtain the original brightness of the background image of the same size estimation, in order to obtain uniform luminance of an iris image, the background luminance value is subtracted from the estimated original iris image, and then using a global histogram equalization method of the iris image with uniform brightness enhancement process. Finally, mean filtering the image to remove noise enhancement filtering process, the iris image is enhanced.

[0054] (4)特征提取中,将经过上述预处理过程和裁剪处理后的虹膜图像被送入到PCNN 或ICM神经网络模型进行分割处理,神经网络利用其特有的脉冲耦合特性对虹膜图像中具有相似特性的像素集合进行分割,并以一系列二值的形式脉冲输出。 [0054] (4) feature extraction, the iris image through the above pretreatment process and cutting process is fed into the neural network model or ICM PCNN segmentation processing, neural network using its unique characteristic pulse coupled iris image a set of pixels having similar properties divided, and in the form of a series of binary pulse output. PCNN经过不同次数的迭代,每个神经元激发与其相邻的具有相似特性的神经元一起点火,产生脉冲,在输出的二值图像上表现为“ 1 ”,而像素值差别比较大,没有相似特性的神经元不会被“捕获”,它在输出的二值图像上表现为“0”,这样经过一定次数的迭代后,PCNN输出就是为分割后的二值图像,并且用“0”、“1”表示了不规则斑块区域与非斑块区域,形成了虹膜特征码。 After ignition PCNN different number of iterations, each neuron excitation adjacent neurons with similar characteristics, a pulse, expressed as "1" in the binary output image, the pixel value difference is relatively large, there is no similar characteristics of neurons not be "captured", it is expressed as "0" in the binary output image, so that after the number of iterations, the output is on PCNN binary images after the division, and "0", "1" depicts the irregular region and the non-plaque plaque area, the iris pattern is formed.

[0055] (5)识别匹配中,经过特征提取的虹膜图像被表示为相应特征向量,本设计采用海明距离法度量虹膜图像间的相似程度。 [0055] (5) identifying matching, feature extraction through the iris image is represented as a respective feature vector, the design method using the Hamming distance measure similarity between iris image.

[0056] 如图恥所示,处于防盗状态时,监测到车内有人活动时,则提示进行虹膜检测,并设定了一定的延时等待时间;超时,则报警;在限制时间内有人进行虹膜检测,则通过主摄像头提取其眼部图像,传输给信息处理模块进行图像处理提取虹膜特征,并将该虹膜特征暂时存储于SRAM存储器中;同时,从FLASH存储器按一定顺序把虹膜信息库中已有虹膜特征逐个调入SRAM存储器,并与输入虹膜的特征进行模式匹配。 [0056] As shown in FIG shame, in the security state, to monitor when the vehicle was active, the prompt for the iris detection and set a certain waiting time delay; expires, the alarm; it was carried out within the time limit iris detection is extracted master camera by which the eye image, transmitted to the information processing module to extract iris features of the image processing, and temporarily stored in the iris SRAM memory; the same time, from the FLASH memory in a certain order repository iris iris features have been transferred one by one SRAM memory, and the input pattern matches the feature of the iris. 匹配成功,则该子系统进入正常行车状态并启动语音控制子系统,同时停止将FLASH存储器中虹膜特征继续调入SRAM 存储器;匹配失败,则立即激活报警子系统,按照本子系统发出的报警指令进行相应报警操作。 The matching is successful, then the subsystem enters the normal state and starts voice traffic control subsystem, FLASH memory while stopping the iris continue transferred SRAM memory; match fails, the alarm is activated immediately subsystem, in accordance with the present alarm instruction issued by the subsystem corresponding alarm operation.

[0057] 处于行车启动状态,通过摄像头对车内状态进行探测,交给信息处理模块进行图像处理,检测到车内无人时,输出一信号给指纹信息识别子系统,使上述指纹信息识别子系统开始倒计时。 [0057] in the start driving state, the vehicle status detection of the camera, processing information to the image processing module, when no vehicle is detected, outputs a signal to the fingerprint identification subsystem, so that the fingerprint information for identifying the sub- The system starts counting down. 当倒计时结束或车主进行锁车确认后,汽车会立即锁闭,指纹信息识别子系统进入防盗状态,并向虹膜信息识别子系统、震动检测子系统发送状态切换信号,接到该状态切换信号后,虹膜信息识别子系统、震动检测子系统亦进入防盗状态。 When the countdown ends or lock the car owners to be confirmed, the car will immediately lock, fingerprint recognition subsystem into the security state information, iris information and identification subsystem, shake detection subsystem sends state switching signal, the state switching signal to , iris information recognition subsystem, vibration detection subsystem also into the security state. 在指纹信息识别子系统倒计时的过程中,该虹膜信息识别子系统仍然对驾驶室内情况进行监控,若检测到有人进入车内,语音提示进行虹膜检测,在规定时间内未进行检测或虹膜识别失败,则立即向车主报警;虹膜识别成功,则向指纹信息识别子系统发送一个信号,指纹信息识别子系统接收到该信号后停止倒计时。 In the process of fingerprint identification subsystem countdown, the iris recognition subsystem information still in the cab to monitor the situation, if it was detected into the car, the voice prompts iris detection, not failure to detect or iris recognition within the specified time , immediately alert the owner; iris recognition is successful, a signal is sent to the fingerprint identification subsystem, the countdown is stopped after the fingerprint information of the received signal recognition subsystem.

[0058] 当驾驶者通过虹膜信息检测后,说明是汽车的合法持有者,则自动激活语音控制子系统,进入对车辆的控制与使用阶段。 [0058] When the driver is detected by the iris information, explanation is the legitimate owner of the car, then automatically activate voice control subsystem, and control access to vehicle use phase. 该子系统可令司机根据自己的习惯给各项功能加上语音标签,使用起来快捷、方便。 The subsystem can make the drivers according to their habits add voice tags to the various functions, use quickly and easily. 尤其在行车过程中,驾驶员须保持注意力高度集中,当需要对车载设备进行操作时,只需一句话便可完成操作,能够有效减少交通事故的发生。 Especially during driving, the driver must maintain high concentration of attention, when it is necessary to operate the on-board equipment, just a word to complete the operation, can effectively reduce traffic accidents.

[0059] 如图6a所示,语音控制子系统主要由麦克风、扬声器、模数转换器、数模转换器、 信息存储模块、信息处理模块组成;存储模块与信息处理模块相连,麦克风与模数转换器输入端相连,模数转换器输出端与该子系统信息处理模块输入端相连,信息处理模块输出端与数模转换器输入端相连,数模转换器输出端与扬声器和待控制车载设备相连。 [0059] FIG. 6a, voice control subsystem is mainly composed of a microphone, a speaker, analog-digital converters, digital information storage module, the information processing module; the storage module is connected to the information processing module, and a microphone module converter connected to the input terminal of analog to digital converter coupled to an output of the input subsystem information processing module, the processing module is connected to the output terminal of the information input terminal of digital to analog converter, DAC, and an output terminal to be controlled with the speaker-vehicle device connected.

[0060] 上述语音控制子系统信息存储模块包括两片FLASH存储器和一片SRAM存储器,一片为用于存储数据和语音模板库的数据FLASH存储器,另一片为用于存储程序代码的代码FLASH存储器,SRAM存储器用于将采集到的待匹配识别的语音信息暂时存储于其中;信息处理模块为内部已集成高速R0M、RAM存储器的高性能微处理器(例如:DSP、ARM、SoC)。 [0060] The control subsystem voice information storing module comprises two FLASH memory and an SRAM memory, for storing a data and voice data template library FLASH memory, another piece of code for the program code stored in the FLASH memory, SRAM a memory for the speech to be matched to the collected identification information temporarily stored therein; an information processing module for the internal high-speed integrated R0M, high performance microprocessor RAM memory (e.g.: DSP, ARM, SoC). 上述数模转换器数量为多个而非一个,对应扬声器、各个待控制车载设备均有一个专用数模转换器存在。 A plurality of digital to analog converter is not above a number, corresponding to the speakers, each on-vehicle device to be controlled has a dedicated digital-exist.

[0061] 本发明采用凌阳公司的SPCE061A开发板作为开发平台,并外扩4片ST公司的M29F032D芯片构成该子系统的16MB数据FLASH存储器,1片ST公司的M29F032D芯片构成该子系统的4MB程序FLASH存储器,1片Samsung公司的K7R641882M芯片作为SRAM存储 [0061] The present invention uses Sunplus SPCE061A development board as a development platform, and extended 4 M29F032D ST's constituting the chip data subsystem 16MB FLASH memory, a chip M29F032D ST's constituting the subsystem 4MB FLASH program memory, a Samsung's SRAM memory chips as K7R641882M

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[0062] 在行车过程中,当汽车受到撞击时,震动检测子系统探测到这一冲击信号,并对信号进行处理,与预先设定的震动报警阈值对比,若达到该阈值,则输出信号给语音控制子系统,语音控制子系统根据预设语音信息对司机进行语音提示;若未达到该阈值,则震动探测子系统继续进行探测。 [0062] In the driving process, when the vehicle is subjected to shock, vibration detection subsystem to detect the surge signal, and signal processing, comparison and vibration alarm threshold set in advance, if the threshold is reached, then the output signal to the voice control subsystem, voice control subsystem for drivers voice prompts according to a preset voice message; if not reach the threshold, the vibration detection subsystem continues to be detected.

[0063] 对车内指定设备实行语音控制的同时,兼容手动操作,司机可采用语音控制、手动控制两种方式调节相关设备。 [0063] simultaneous implementation of voice-vehicle equipment control specified, compatible with manual operation, the driver can be voice controlled, manual control mode and control equipment.

[0064] 在目前高档汽车中,车载设备、发动机启停均已实现电子控制,而该汽车防盗自动控制系统定位为面向高档汽车市场,所以可将该语音控制子系统的相应输出端直接与待控制设备相应使能端相连,并根据不同设备工作信号特性,由该语音控制子系统根据语音识别结果输出相应信号控制相关设备进行工作。 A respective output terminal [0064] In the current high-end vehicles, automotive equipment, start and stop the engine electronic control have been achieved, the automatic control system of the vehicle anti-theft positioned facing the luxury car market, it is possible to direct the voice control subsystem to be the control device is connected to the corresponding enable terminal, and depending on the characteristics of the device operation signal, the output subsystem is controlled by the speech signal corresponding to the control apparatus operates according to the associated speech recognition result. 例如:实现发动机的点火、熄火,音响设备的开关、调节等。 For example: to achieve engine ignition, turn off, switch audio equipment, adjustment and the like.

[0065] 如图6b所示,语音识别与控制主要分为两个过程:训练过程、识别过程。 [0065] As shown in FIG 6b, speech recognition and control is divided into two processes: training process, the recognition process. 在新用户注册时,自动载入语音模板训练程序,采集新用户语音信息,生成语音模板并存储于信息存储模块中,供语音识别时进行模式匹配。 When a new user registration, automatic loading utterance training program, the user acquires a new voice message, and generating a speech template stored in the information storage module, when the pattern matching for speech recognition. 在车主通过指纹、虹膜识别后,则自动激活本子系统,装载语音识别程序,并采用查询方式每隔一定时间采集一次语音信息,将采集到的语音信息暂时存储于SRAM存储器中;同时,从FLASH存储器按一定顺序把语音模板库中已有语音模板逐个调入SRAM存储器,并与输入语音信息进行模式匹配。 After the owner fingerprint, iris recognition, the subsystem automatically activate the loading speech recognition program, and polling for a predetermined time acquired voice information, voice information to be collected temporarily stored in a memory every SRAM; Meanwhile, from the FLASH memory certain order prior to the speech utterance in the template database individually transferred to SRAM memory, and pattern matching with the input voice information. 匹配成功,则通过功放电路根据训练时的相关设置,执行相应操作,实现对汽车相关设备的控制,同时停止将FLASH 存储器中已有语音模板调入SRAM存储器;匹配失败,则提示重新输入语音信息。 Match is found, through the amplifier circuit according to the related training settings, perform the appropriate action, to achieve control of automotive equipment, while stopping the utterance has transferred SRAM memory FLASH memory; match fails, then prompted to re-enter the voice information .

[0066] 报警子系统主要由译码器、无线报警模块、响铃报警模块组成;震动检测子系统、指纹信息识别子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统、语音控制子系统的报警输出端分别与报警子系统译码器输入端相连,译码器输出端与无线报警模块和响铃报警模块的MCU输入端相连。 [0066] The alarm subsystem mainly by the decoder, wireless alarm module, alarm module ring; vibration detection subsystem, subsystem fingerprint identification, iris recognition subsystem information, voice control alarm output terminal, respectively, and an alarm subsystem decoder subsystem input terminal connected to the output terminal of the decoder module and a wireless alarm bell alarm module MCU input.

[0067] 该报警子系统的无线报警模块由MCU、串行接口芯片、GSM调制/解调器三部分组成,译码器输出端与MCU输入端相连,MCU输出端与串行接口芯片输入端相连,串行接口芯片输出端与GSM调制/解调器输入端相连。 [0067] The wireless alarm subsystem MCU alarm module consists of three parts, a serial interface chip, GSM modulator / demodulator composition, and the output of the decoder is connected to an input terminal MCU, MCU output of the serial interface chip input connected to the output terminal of the serial interface chip and GSM modulator / demodulator connected to the input terminal. 在本实施例中,该译码器采用74LS154,SPCE061A 作为MCU,串行接口芯片采用8251A,SIEMENS公司的TC35T GSM无线模块作为调制解调器。 In the present embodiment, the decoder uses 74LS154, SPCE061A as MCU, a serial interface chip 8251A, SIEMENS Company TC35T GSM radio module as a modem.

[0068] 响铃报警模块由MCU、数模转换器、功率放大器、扬声器、FLASH存储器五部分组成,译码器输出端与MCU输入端相连,MCU输出端与数模转换器的输入端相连,数模转换器的输出端与功率放大器输入端相连,功率放大器输出端与扬声器相连。 [0068] Bell alarm module consists of five parts MCU, digital to analog converters, power amplifiers, loudspeakers, FLASH memory consisting of, connected to the decoder output terminal of the input terminal and the MCU, MCU output connected to the input end of the digital to analog converter, digital to analog converter output of the power amplifier input terminal, an output terminal connected to the power amplifier and the speakers. 在本实施例中,该MCU采用SPCE061A,数模转换器采用DAC7311,16片ST公司的M29F032D芯片构成该子系统的64MB FLASH存储器,LM386作为音频功率放大器。 In the present embodiment, the MCU is SPCE061A, DAC using DAC7311,16 sheet ST's constituting the chip M29F032D 64MB FLASH memory subsystem, as LM386 audio power amplifier.

[0069] 该报警子系统中无线报警模块的MCU内部存储器中存储着相应的防盗警戒事项(均为用于报警的短信息的文字内容),GSM调制/解调器送出的通知信息应至少包括该防盗警戒事项之一;该响铃报警模块的FLASH存储器中存储着相应语音报警、语音提示信息。 [0069] The alarm subsystem wireless alarm module stored in the memory of the MCU's internal security alert corresponding items (text for text messages are alarms), GSM modulator / demodulator sends notification information should include at least one of the security alert matter; ringing the alarm module FLASH memory storage with corresponding voice alarm, the voice message. 译码器根据发出报警信号的设备的不同,选通不同的通路激活无线报警模块与响铃报警模块,进行响铃报警和无线报警(发送防盗警戒事项至相应远程接收装置)。 The decoder apparatus emit different alarm signals, a different pathway activation gating module and wireless alarm bell alarm module for wireless alarm and alarm bells (transmission security alert remote receiving means to the respective items).

[0070] 结束报警及回复系统正常工作:若触发报警行为的非法侵害操作来自车辆外部, 即:报警行为由震动检测子系统、指纹信息识别子系统触发,则同时进行响铃报警和GSM报警,且响铃报警时长为30秒,并向车主发送短信报警信息一次,然后系统恢复正常状态。 [0070] The end warning and response system to work properly: if an alarm is triggered operation against illegal behavior from the outside of the vehicle, namely: the police behavior by the vibration detection subsystem, fingerprint recognition subsystem triggered, and simultaneous ringing alarm GSM alarm, and ringing the alarm duration is 30 seconds, the owner information and send alarm messages once, then the system returns to normal state.

[0071] 若触发报警行为的非法侵害操作来自车辆内部,即:报警行为由虹膜信息识别子系统触发,则同时进行响铃报警和GSM报警,且响铃报警为持续响铃,并每隔1分钟向车主发送报警短信一次,直到有正确的生物身份信息(指纹信息、虹膜信息)输入后,停止报警。 [0071] If the operation triggers an alarm against illegal act from inside the vehicle, namely: the alarm subsystem behavior triggered by the information for identifying the iris, and the simultaneous ringing alarm GSM alarm, and an alarm bell ringing is continued, and every 1 minute to send alarm messages to the owners once, until right after the biological identity information (fingerprint information, iris information) input, stop the alarm. 本发明系统通过对指纹、虹膜、语音一系列生物信息进行识别,大幅提高了防盗系统的可靠性、安全性,使窃贼的暴力盗窃、智能盗窃化为泡影,有效保护了车主的个人财产安全,减少了车辆盗窃案件的发生。 The present system by fingerprint, iris, voice recognition range of biological information, greatly improving the reliability, security, anti-theft system, the thief violent theft, theft naught smart, effective protection of personal and property owners, reducing the incidence of vehicle theft cases.

[0072] 在整个系统使用的硬件中,工作电压有12V、5V、2.5V三种,汽车蓄电池能够提供直流12V的输出,而且为了保证整个系统运行的稳定性、可靠性,我们采用两个电源模块来产生较好的5V、2. 5V输出。 [0072] In the system used by the hardware, the operating voltage is 12V, 5V, 2.5V are three cars to provide output 12V DC battery, but in order to ensure overall system stability, reliability, we used two power modules to produce better 5V, 2. 5V output. 在本实施例中,采用TI公司的TL2575-05产生5V的电压输出, 采用南京鹏图电源公司的PD7. 5-12S2. 5-C产生2. 5V的电压输出。 In the present embodiment, the use of TI's TL2575-05 generating an output voltage of 5V, using FIG Nanjing Peng power company PD7. 5-12S2. 5-C generating an output voltage of 2. 5V.

Claims (8)

1.基于生物信息识别的汽车防盗自动控制系统,由震动检测子系统、指纹信息识别子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统、语音识别与控制子系统、报警子系统组成,其报警子系统主要由译码器、无线报警模块、响铃报警模块组成;震动检测子系统、指纹信息识别子系统、虹膜信息识别子系统、语音识别与控制子系统的报警输出端分别与报警子系统译码器输入端相连,译码器输出端与无线报警模块和响铃报警模块的MCU输入端相连。 1. The biological information based on the identified vehicle anti-theft system is automatically controlled by the vibration detection subsystem, subsystem fingerprint identification, iris recognition subsystem information, voice recognition and control subsystem, subsystem alarm, which alarm subsystem mainly by translation code, wireless alarm module, alarm module ring; vibration detection subsystem, alarm output terminal identification subsystem fingerprint information, iris information recognition subsystem, speech recognition and control subsystem, respectively, and the decoder input alarm subsystem is connected, is connected to the output terminal of the decoder module and a wireless alarm bell alarm module MCU input. 译码器通过选通不同的通路激活无线报警模块与响铃报警模块,进行响铃报警和发送防盗警戒事项至相应远程接收装置的无线报警,响铃报警模块由MCU、数模转换器、功率放大器、扬声器四部分组成,译码器输出端与MCU输入端相连,MCU输出端与数模转换器的输入端相连,数模转换器的输出端与功率放大器输入端相连,功率放大器输出端与扬声器相连,其特征在于指纹信息识别子系统主要由指纹提取模块、信息处理模块、信息存储模块组成;指纹提取模块的输出端与模数转换器输入端相连,模数转换器的输出端与信息处理模块输入端相连,虹膜信息识别子系统同时与信息处理模块输入端相连,信息处理模块与信息存储模块相连,信息处理模块输出端分别与虹膜信息识别子系统、震动检测子系统、报警子系统相连;虹膜信息识别子系统主要由虹膜信息 Coder by gating the different pathway activation module and wireless alarm bell alarm module, and transmitting an alarm bell for security alert alarm issues to a respective remote radio receiving apparatus, ringing alarm module by the MCU, digital-power amplifiers, speakers, four parts, and the output terminal is connected to the decoder input terminal MCU, MCU output connected to the input end of the digital-to-analog converter connected to the output terminal of the power amplifier input, and an output terminal of the power amplifier connected to a speaker, wherein the fingerprint identification subsystem mainly by the fingerprint extraction module, an information processing module, the information storage module; fingerprint extraction module connected to the output of the analog to digital converter input terminal, an output terminal of the analog to digital converter and information the processing module is connected to an input terminal, while iris recognition subsystem information to the information processing module connected to an input terminal, connected to the information processing module information storage module, the information processing module output terminals respectively iris information identification subsystem, vibration detection subsystem, alarm subsystem connected; iris information from the primary information iris identification subsystem 集模块、信息处理模块、信息存储模块、模数转换器组成;虹膜信息采集模块的输出端与模数转换器输入端相连,模数转换器的输出端与虹膜信息处理模块输入端相连,指纹信息识别子系统同时与信息处理模块输入端相连,信息处理模块与存储模块相连,信息处理模块输出端分别与指纹信息识别子系统、语音控制子系统、报警子系统相连。 Collection module, the processing module information, information storage module, an analog composition; connected to the output iris information acquisition module to the input of analog to digital converter, the analog to digital converter connected to the output terminal of the input iris information processing module, a fingerprint simultaneously with the information identifying the subsystem information processing module connected to the input terminal, connected to the information processing module and a memory module, the information processing module output terminals respectively fingerprint recognition subsystem, voice control subsystem, connected to the alarm subsystem.
2.根据权利要求1所述的基于生物信息识别的汽车防盗自动控制系统,其特征在于震动检测子系统主要由震动探测模块、状态检测模块、模数转换模块、MCU组成;震动探测模块输出端与模数转换模块输入端相连,震动探测模块还要与状态探测模块的输入端相连, 状态探测模块输出端与模数转换模块相应使能端相连,模数转换模块输出端与MCU输入端相连,MCU输入端同时要与指纹信息识别子系统相连,MCU输出端分别与报警子系统、语音控制子系统相连。 According to claim biological information based on the identified car alarm automatic control system, characterized in that the vibration detected by the vibration detection subsystem module mainly, the state detection module, analog to digital conversion module, the MCU composition of claim 1; the output of vibration detection module and analog to digital conversion module coupled to an input terminal, and the vibration detection module also input state detecting module is connected, the status detection module and the output terminal so that the corresponding analog to digital conversion module coupled to the enable terminal, an output terminal connected to digital conversion module and the analog input terminal of MCU , while the MCU subsystem input terminal connected to the fingerprint identification, the MCU subsystem alarm output terminal, respectively, connected to the voice control subsystem.
3.根据权利要求1、2所述的基于生物信息识别的汽车防盗自动控制系统,其特征在于震动检测子系统的MCU和由多个传感器、传感开关构成的震动探测模块连接,当汽车静止、 汽车行驶时该震动探测模块的传感器均能有效检测车体不同部位受到的较强冲击,并将该震动信号送至该子系统MCU,则该MCU控制报警系统响铃报警并传输信息至相应的远程接收装置。 According to claim biological information based on the identified car alarm automatic control system, characterized in that the shock detector MCU subsystem modules and a plurality of vibration detection sensors, sensing switch connected configuration, when the vehicle is stationary 1,2 , the vibration detection sensor module can effectively detect a strong shock when subjected to different parts of the vehicle body cars, and the vibration signal to the sub MCU, the MCU controls bell alarm and alarm system transmit information to the corresponding the remote receiving means.
4.根据权利要求1所述的基于生物信息识别的汽车防盗自动控制系统,其特征在于指纹信息识别子系统中指纹提取模块侦测是否有指纹信息输入,并传输给该子系统信息处理模块;该信息存储模块存储已有指纹信息并为子系统运行提供信息交换和处理的空间。 According to claim 1, based on the biological information identification system of automatic control of car alarm, wherein the fingerprint information of the fingerprint extraction module recognition subsystem detects whether there is an input fingerprint information, and transmitted to the information processing subsystem module; the information storage module stores fingerprint information has been provided and the exchange of information and spatial processing subsystems run. 该信息处理模块将输入指纹信息与已有指纹信息进行匹配,若成功则控制车门打开,若失败则控制报警系统响铃报警并传输信息至该远程接收装置。 The information processing module has an input fingerprint information and the fingerprint information matches, if successful control door is opened if the system fails, the control alarm bell alarm and transmit information to the remote receiving device.
5.根据权利要求1所述的基于生物信息识别的汽车防盗自动控制系统,其特征在于虹膜信息识别子系统中虹膜信息采集模块侦测是否有虹膜信息输入,并传输给该子系统信息处理模块;该信息存储模块存储已有虹膜信息并为子系统运行提供信息交换和处理的空间;该信息处理模块将输入虹膜信息与已有虹膜信息进行匹配,若成功则启动语音识别与控制系统,若失败则控制报警系统响铃报警并传输信息至该远程接收装置。 According to claim 1, based on the biological information identification car alarm automatic control system, characterized in that the iris information iris recognition subsystem information collection module detects whether there is an input iris information, and transmitted to the information processing subsystem module ; the existing information storing module stores iris information and provides a space for the exchange of information and processing subsystems run; the information processing module input iris information matches with existing iris information, if successful start speech recognition and control system, if the the control system fail alarm bell alarm and transmit information to the remote receiving device.
6.根据权利要求1所述的基于生物信息识别的汽车防盗自动控制系统,其特征在于语音控制子系统由麦克风、扬声器、模数转换器、数模转换器、信息存储模块、信息处理模块组成;存储模块与信息处理模块相连,麦克风与模数转换器输入端相连,模数转换器输出端与该子系统信息处理模块输入端相连,信息处理模块输出端与数模转换器输入端相连,数模转换器输出端与扬声器和待控制车载设备相连,虹膜信息识别子系统与信息处理模块使能端相连,震动检测子系统与信息处理模块输入端相连。 According to claim biological information based on the identified car alarm automatic control system, characterized in that the speech control subsystem by a microphone, a speaker, analog-digital converters, digital information storage module, said processing module information 1 ; information storage module and processing module, connected to the microphone input of analog to digital converter, analog to digital converter coupled to an output of the terminal subsystem information input processing module, an information processing module connected to the output of digital to analog converter input terminal, digital to analog converter and the output of the speaker to be connected to a control vehicle device, iris recognition subsystem with the information that the information processing module can be connected to the end, and the shock detection subsystem information processing module connected to the input terminal.
7.根据权利要求1所述的基于生物信息识别的汽车防盗自动控制系统,其特征在于语音控制子系统中语音信号经由麦克风输入,并传输给该子系统信息处理模块;该信息存储模块存储已有语音命令并为子系统运行提供信息交换、处理空间;该子系统信息处理模块将输入的语音命令与已有语音标签进行匹配,若成功则执行相应操作,若失败则执行匹配失败相应操作。 According to claim biological information based on the identified car alarm automatic control system, characterized in that the speech control subsystem speech signal input via a microphone and transmitted to the information processing subsystem module of claim 1; the store information storage module voice commands and provide information to the exchange sub-system operation, the processing volume; the information processing module subsystem input voice command matches the existing voice tag, a corresponding operation is performed if successful, to perform the matching fails if the corresponding operation fails.
8.根据权利要求1所述的基于生物信息识别的汽车防盗自动控制系统,其特征在于: 无线报警模块由MCU、串行接口芯片、GSM调制/解调器三部分组成,译码器输出端与MCU输入端相连,MCU输出端与串行接口芯片输入端相连,串行接口芯片输出端与GSM调制/解调器输入端相连;且该MCU内部存储器存储相应的防盗警戒事项,供GSM调制/解调器送出的通知信息包括该防盗警戒事项至少之一。 8. The bio-based information for identifying the vehicle anti-theft system of automatic control, characterized in that said according to claim 1: a wireless alarm module consists of three parts MCU, serial interface chip, GSM modulator / demodulator composition, the output of the decoder input terminal and the MCU, MCU is connected to the output terminal of the serial interface chip input terminal, an output terminal connected to the serial interface chip and GSM modulator / demodulator input terminal; and the MCU's internal memory storing the corresponding security alert matter for GSM modulation / demodulator sends notification information includes at least one of said security alert matter.
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CN105957346A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-09-21 深圳爱易瑞科技有限公司 Networking safety control method for vehicle driving
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CN105262866A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-01-20 上海斐讯数据通信技术有限公司 Anti-theft method, system and anti-theft handset
CN106915328A (en) * 2015-12-24 2017-07-04 南车株洲电力机车研究所有限公司 Locomotive driver and conductor identity identifying method and system
CN105740788A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-07-06 大连楼兰科技股份有限公司 In-vehicle abnormality anti-theft method based on inter-frame histogram disturbance detection
CN105740788B (en) * 2016-01-25 2018-11-16 大连楼兰科技股份有限公司 A kind of abnormal theft preventing method of car based on interframe histogram Disturbance Detection
CN105844135A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-08-10 麦重伟 Anti-theft apparatus, system and method
CN105957346A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-09-21 深圳爱易瑞科技有限公司 Networking safety control method for vehicle driving
CN106909921A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-06-30 北京智鉴科技有限责任公司 Seal image harvester and method
CN106297440A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-01-04 合肥东上多媒体科技有限公司 A kind of multi-media safety identification teaching system
CN106740684A (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-05-31 信利光电股份有限公司 A kind of vehicle starting method based on iris recognition, device and vehicle
CN107767653A (en) * 2017-01-16 2018-03-06 邓涛 A kind of electric automobile of the cloud desktop terminal equipment based on fingerprint recognition, voice recognition and face recognition
CN106965680A (en) * 2017-04-05 2017-07-21 合肥德仁智能科技有限公司 A kind of electric automobile intelligent control system
CN107444337A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-12-08 江苏理工学院 Automotive theft proof system with double authentication
CN108340879A (en) * 2018-03-12 2018-07-31 贵州民族大学 A kind of novel automobile anti-theft device and its theft prevention monitoring method

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