CN102350678A - Multi-specification sleeve - Google Patents

Multi-specification sleeve Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102350678A
CN102350678A CN2011102955954A CN201110295595A CN102350678A CN 102350678 A CN102350678 A CN 102350678A CN 2011102955954 A CN2011102955954 A CN 2011102955954A CN 201110295595 A CN201110295595 A CN 201110295595A CN 102350678 A CN102350678 A CN 102350678A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sleeve
head
collet
collet head
outermost
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011102955954A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102350678B (en
Inventor
李玉柱
Original Assignee
河南科技大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 河南科技大学 filed Critical 河南科技大学
Priority to CN 201110295595 priority Critical patent/CN102350678B/en
Publication of CN102350678A publication Critical patent/CN102350678A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102350678B publication Critical patent/CN102350678B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a multi-specification sleeve of a maintenance tool. The sleeve is formed by coaxially casing at least two sleeve heads of different specifications; the sleeve wall of the outer sleeve head of every two adjacent sleeve heads is provided with a limiting block; a turned edge corresponding to the end head of the inner end of the corresponding limiting block is arranged on one side of the inner end of the sleeve wall of the inner sleeve head in the sleeve; one end of the sleeve head on the outermost side in the sleeve is closed, and the middle part of the outer surface of the closed end of the sleeve head is provided with a mounting head which is used for being connected with a spanner; the end face of the inner end of the sleeve head in the sleeve is connected with the end face of the closed end of the outermost sleeve head through a positioning spring; and the sleeve is convenient to carry and can be operated aiming at bolts or nuts of various specifications, so that the labor time and the labor intensity of operating personnel are greatly saved.

Description

A kind of many specifications sleeve
[technical field]
The present invention relates to maintenance tool, especially relating to a kind of collet head collection with a plurality of different size sizes is the sleeve of one.
[background technology]
Known, socket wrench is a wrench and a plurality of different size specifications with hexagonal holes or twelve square hole sleeve top annexes which are particularly suitable for wrenching position is very small or very deep depression, bolts or nuts; As the existing socket wrench in one size only for the size of the bolt or nut to operate, so the use of checks and maintenance of different specifications socket wrench size bolt or nut will cause inconvenience to the operation of the workers, for example: in recent years, come with the rail safety testing requirements continue to increase, safety testing also will continue to increase labor intensity, which check for loose bolts belongs to the more important a testing work, but because of the existing socket head wrench by specification limits, the workers when performing safety testing must be carried by a number of different specifications of the size of the sleeve head sets consisting of a sleeve to a comprehensive on locomotives and rail facilities for testing, and found loose bolts and fastening to ensure traffic safety, but because of the need to check the bolts during inspection specifications sizes, so workers will detect through frequent replacement of the corresponding socket head to complete a comprehensive inspection, which not only caused inconvenience to carry workers, but also lead to labor-intensive, long operation time.
[summary of the invention]
In order to overcome the deficiency in the background technology; The present invention discloses a kind of many specifications sleeve; Described sleeve is not only easy to carry, and can operate to the bolt or the nut of plurality of specifications size, thereby has saved operating personnel's working time and labour intensity greatly.
For realizing the foregoing invention purpose, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of many specifications sleeve; The order coaxial package is together by size by the collet head of at least two kinds of sized for described sleeve; And the inner wall shape kiss of the small size collet head outer wall shape and the collet head of the large size that is adjacent is joined, and the gap between per two adjacent collet heads is 0.2~0.5mm simultaneously; Be positioned at the first end sealing of outermost sleeve in the said sleeve, and be provided with the installation head that is used to connect spanner at the exterior face middle part of its blind end; Be positioned among every adjacent two collet heads in the said sleeve on the collet head barrel in the outside and be equipped with limited block, and the drum outer wall of all outstanding place, the outer end of each limited block collet head, the tube inwall of all outstanding place, the inner of each limited block collet head; Distance between the collet head the inner at described limited block and its place is adaptive with the cutting ferrule thickness of the corresponding bolt of this limited block place collet head respectively, and this distance all is not more than the barrel length of this pairing collet head in limited block the inner; Be positioned at a sleeve inside barrel in the said sleeve and be equipped with the corresponding flange in the inner termination of the limited block corresponding with this collet head outer wall near the inner side of this collet head; The inner end face that is positioned at the sleeve inside head in the said sleeve is connected through retainer spring with the inside face of outermost collet head blind end end face respectively, and the other end end face of outermost collet head is concordant with the outer end end face that is positioned at the sleeve inside head.
Described many specifications sleeve, described collet head is made up of the collet head suit of five kinds of sized.
Described many specifications sleeve, the gap between described per two adjacent collet heads is 0.3mm.
Described many specifications sleeve, described collet head inner wall shape is polygonal, is preferably hexagon.
Described many specifications sleeve, the outer wall of described outermost collet head is shaped as circle or polygonal.
Described many specifications sleeve, the inner end face that is positioned at the most inboard collet head in the described sleeve is made as sealing surface.
Described many specifications sleeve, the blind end of described installation head and outermost collet head is made as integrative-structure.
Described many specifications sleeve is positioned among every adjacent two collet heads in the said sleeve on the collet head barrel in the outside and all fixedly mounts limited block through wire connection.
Described many specifications sleeve; The inner end face that is positioned at the sleeve inside head in the described sleeve extends to inside separately respectively; And the extension inner face of each collet head is connected through retainer spring with the inside face of outermost collet head blind end end face respectively, and the extension of each collet head does not all contact the retainer spring that is adjacent simultaneously.
Described many specifications sleeve, the inside face that is positioned at the inner end face of the sleeve inside head outermost collet head blind end corresponding with it in the described sleeve is respectively equipped with projection post or the recessed groove that corresponding being used to connects the retainer spring two ends.
Because adopt aforesaid technical scheme, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
Many specifications sleeve of the present invention is not only simple in structure, is easy to carry, but also can attaches it on corresponding manual wrench or the electric wrench to use more easily through installation head; Described sleeve is sleeved on the collet head of plurality of specifications size together; Only needing during use that it is directly aimed at the bolt of corresponding size or the head of nut pushes; Promptly can make the inside of the motionless or indentation integral sleeve of the collet head original position that need not use; Then promptly can be through carrying out associative operation with bolt or the supporting collet head that engages of nut; Described sleeve has not only effectively solved existing box spanner can only be directed against a kind of bolt of sized or the problem that nut is operated, but also has saved operating personnel's working time and labour intensity greatly.
[description of drawings]
Fig. 1 is a generalized section of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is that the A of Fig. 1 is to sketch map;
Fig. 3 is another structural profile sketch map of the present invention.
Among the figure: 1, collet head; 2, blind end; 3, installation head; 4, limited block; 5, flange; 6, retainer spring; 7, extension; 8, projection post; 9, recessed groove.
[specific embodiment]
Can explain the present invention in more detail through the following examples, open the object of the invention is intended to protect all variations and the improvement in the scope of the invention, and the present invention is not limited to the following examples;
Described with reference to Figs 1 to 3, the multi-standard sleeve, said sleeve comprises at least two sizes according to the size of the sleeve head 1 order of magnitude of coaxial packages together, and the outer wall of the trumpet shaped sleeve head 1 and the large size adjacent the inner wall of the sleeve head 1 with kiss shape, while said sleeve adjacent each of two socket head gap of between 1 and 0.2 ~ 0.5mm, so as to achieve that can meet the use outside the large socket head a drive located inside a small socket head bolt or nut screwed rotation, but also make the socket head located inside a trumpet to tuba in adjacent socket head an internal Slide purposes; for ease in the production of uniform size, each of said two adjacent sleeve socket head gap is preferably between 1 and 0.3mm;
For making the described sleeve can the expanding application scope and be convenient to assembling; The inner wall shape of each collet head 1 all can be made as polygonal; Be that described sleeve can be manufactured according to various polygonal bolt or nut targetedly, the normal trigonocephalic locking bolt nut that uses etc. in railroad for example; Simultaneously, because mostly bolt or the nut that uses is hexagonal head at present, so the inwall that is preferably each collet head 1 is made as hexagon; In addition, for ease of making and carrying, the outer wall of outermost collet head 1 can be shaped as circle or polygonal; Described sleeve is made up of collet head 1 suit of five kinds of sized, thereby makes described sleeve not only easy to carry but also do not influence the convenience of common operation; Be positioned at outermost collet head 1 one ends sealing in the said sleeve; And the exterior face middle part at blind end 2 is provided with the installation head 3 that is used to connect spanner; Promptly utilize installation head 3 that described sleeve is installed on corresponding manual wrench or the electric wrench, thereby use the described sleeve of operation through spanner; Make and assembling for convenient, the blind end 2 of installation head 3 and outermost collet head 1 can be made as integrative-structure;
Each of said sleeve adjacent the head 1 into the sleeves located on the outside of the sleeve head 1, the cylinder wall located finite bit block 4, preferably by means of wire connected fixedly mounted stopper 4, each stopper block 4 is not projecting to the outer end of the stopper 4 where the cylinder head 1, the outer wall of the sleeve, each stop block 4 are projecting to the inner end of the stopper 4 where the cylinder head 1, the inner wall of the sleeve, and each where the stopper 4 socket head with a distance between the inner end of the stopper 4, respectively, with the socket head where 1 corresponds to the thickness of the bolt adapter card sets, but not this distance is greater than the limit block 4 corresponding to the inner end of the cylindrical wall of the sleeve head 1, the length, i.e. the use of the large outer side ferrule socket head 1 when the corresponding bolt or nut, located inside the sleeve of the trumpet head 1 can be a bolt ferrule or nuts pushed inwards and thereby make a suitable sleeve is screwed from the bolt or nut, and because the air out of the distance is not larger than the inner end of the stopper 4 of the corresponding cylindrical wall of the sleeve head 1 length, so also avoids the trumpet head 1 into the large socket head 1 within a sleeve of the phenomenon; said sleeve in a sleeve located inside the tube wall close to the head 1, head 1 is the inner end of the sleeve has a side the outer wall of the sleeve head 1 with the corresponding head end to end stopper 4 is a corresponding flange 5, that is, each located inside a sleeve head 1 are tripped by the card stopper 4 for limiting the cuff 5, so that each of said inner sleeve of the sleeve head 1 can be placed securely without prolapse;
The inner end face that is positioned at sleeve inside 1 in the said sleeve is connected through retainer spring 6 with the inside face of outermost collet head 1 blind end 2 end faces respectively, and promptly the elastic force through retainer spring 6 guarantees that bulged-in collet head 1 all can accurately set back; The inner end face that is positioned at sleeve inside 1 in the described sleeve extends to inside separately respectively; And extension 7 inner faces of each collet head 1 are connected through retainer spring 6 with the inside face of outermost collet head 1 blind end 2 end faces respectively; The extension 7 of each collet head 1 does not all contact the retainer spring 6 that is adjacent simultaneously; Thereby not only increased the contact-making surface of the collet head 1 that is positioned at said sleeve inner and retainer spring 6 terminations, guaranteed that also the extension 7 of each collet head 1 all can not influence the normal use of said sleeve; Be the installing and locating spring 6 of being more convenient for; The inside face that is positioned at the inner end face of sleeve inside 1 outermost collet head 1 blind end 2 corresponding with it in the described sleeve is respectively equipped with projection post 8 or the recessed groove 9 that corresponding being used to connects retainer spring 6 two ends; Soon the two ends of retainer spring 6 are fastened on the corresponding projection post 8 respectively or are positioned in the recessed groove 9, thereby reach the purpose of convenient accurate installing and locating spring 6; The other end end face of outermost collet head 1 is concordant with the outer end end face that is positioned at sleeve inside 1 in the said sleeve, thereby each collet head 1 that has guaranteed to be positioned at sleeve inner all can relevant bolt or the nut in corresponding accurately card jail; Have influence on retainer spring 6 for avoiding introduced contaminants or foreign matter to get into described sleeve, the inner end face that is positioned at the most inboard collet head 1 in the described sleeve can be made as sealing surface.
During the described many specifications sleeve of embodiment of the present invention, only need described sleeve is aimed at the head of corresponding bolts or nut, and the head that makes bolt or nut by corresponding collet head 1 card jail in the said sleeve promptly can be through corresponding spanner implementation and operation.
The present invention does not detail part for prior art, so the present invention does not detail it.

Claims (10)

1. specification sleeve more than a kind; It is characterized in that: the order coaxial package is together by size by the collet head (1) of at least two kinds of sized for described sleeve; And the inner wall shape kiss of small size collet head (1) the outer wall shape and the collet head (1) of the large size that is adjacent is joined, and the gap between per two adjacent collet heads (1) is 0.2~0.5mm simultaneously; Be positioned at outermost collet head (1) one end sealing in the said sleeve, and be provided with the installation head (3) that is used to connect spanner at the exterior face middle part of blind end (2); Be positioned among every adjacent two collet heads (1) in the said sleeve on collet head (1) barrel in the outside and be equipped with limited block (4); And all not outstanding drum outer wall that belongs to collet head (1) in the outer end of each limited block (4), the inner of each limited block (4) is the tube inwall of outstanding place collet head (1) all; Distance between collet head (1) the inner at described limited block (4) and its place is adaptive with the cutting ferrule thickness of the corresponding bolt of this limited block (4) place collet head (1) respectively, and this distance all is not more than the barrel length of the inner pairing collet head of this limited block (4) (1); Be positioned at sleeve inside head (1) barrel in the said sleeve and be equipped with limited block (4) the inner termination corresponding flange (5) corresponding with this collet head (1) outer wall near the inner side of this collet head (1); The inner end face that is positioned at sleeve inside head (1) in the said sleeve is connected through retainer spring (6) with the inside face of outermost collet head (1) blind end (2) end face respectively, and the other end end face of outermost collet head (1) is concordant with the outer end end face that is positioned at sleeve inside head (1).
2. many specifications sleeve according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described collet head (1) is made up of collet head (1) suit of five kinds of sized.
3. many specifications sleeve according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the gap between described per two adjacent collet heads (1) is 0.3mm.
4. many specifications sleeve according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described collet head (1) inner wall shape is polygonal, is preferably hexagon.
5. many specifications sleeve according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: the outer wall of described outermost collet head (1) is shaped as circle or polygonal.
6. many specifications sleeve according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: the inner end face that is positioned at the most inboard collet head (1) in the described sleeve is made as sealing surface.
7. many specifications sleeve according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described installation head (3) is made as integrative-structure with the blind end (2) of outermost collet head (1).
8. many specifications sleeve according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be positioned among every adjacent two collet heads (1) in the said sleeve on collet head (1) barrel in the outside and all fixedly mount limited block (4) through wire connection.
9. many specifications sleeve according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the inner end face that is positioned at sleeve inside head (1) in the described sleeve extends to inside separately respectively; And extension (7) inner face of each collet head (1) is connected through retainer spring (6) with the inside face of outermost collet head (1) blind end (2) end face respectively, and the extension (7) of each collet head (1) does not all contact the retainer spring (6) that is adjacent simultaneously.
10. according to claim 1 or 9 described many specifications sleeves, it is characterized in that: the inside face that is positioned at the inner end face of sleeve inside head (1) outermost collet head (1) blind end (2) corresponding with it in the described sleeve is respectively equipped with projection post (8) or the recessed groove (9) that corresponding being used to connects retainer spring (6) two ends.
CN 201110295595 2011-09-28 2011-09-28 Multi-specification sleeve CN102350678B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110295595 CN102350678B (en) 2011-09-28 2011-09-28 Multi-specification sleeve

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110295595 CN102350678B (en) 2011-09-28 2011-09-28 Multi-specification sleeve

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102350678A true CN102350678A (en) 2012-02-15
CN102350678B CN102350678B (en) 2013-06-05

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Family Applications (1)

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Country Link
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104816268A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-08-05 江苏建筑职业技术学院 Wrench capable of screwing ten screws
CN105150150A (en) * 2015-10-08 2015-12-16 国网山东省电力公司泰安供电公司 Multilayer triangular sleeve spanner
CN105415250A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-23 苏州创丰精密五金有限公司 Portable multifunctional disassembling jig
CN106272214A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-01-04 上海拓岚机械科技有限公司 A kind of combined sleeve
CN106312882A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-01-11 奇瑞汽车股份有限公司 Tool for assembling and disassembling bolts and nuts and multifunctional sleeve of tool
CN107877435A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-04-06 深圳技术大学(筹) Box spanner
CN110307237A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-10-08 周超 A kind of hydraulic nut
CN110340831A (en) * 2019-06-10 2019-10-18 射阳县恒工工具有限公司 A kind of monkey wrench
TWI679087B (en) * 2019-01-29 2019-12-11 薪螢企業有限公司 Socket and method of using same

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1471451A (en) * 1922-05-25 1923-10-23 Alfred A Crimp Socket wrench
US1896949A (en) * 1932-02-05 1933-02-07 Greiner John Socket wrench
US1997948A (en) * 1934-06-04 1935-04-16 Pearson Andrew Automatic socket wrench
US3127798A (en) * 1961-09-29 1964-04-07 Michael J Gol Telescoping inserted wrenches
US3127797A (en) * 1962-05-01 1964-04-07 Jesse P Rogers Hand tool for rotating a threaded member having axially movable clutching handle sections
US3298261A (en) * 1965-05-28 1967-01-17 Ben H Lynn Multi-socket wrench
US5157995A (en) * 1991-09-24 1992-10-27 Nogues Nelson E Multiple socket wrench
US5163344A (en) * 1991-10-18 1992-11-17 Mathers William S Adjustable socket apparatus
US5829328A (en) * 1995-08-02 1998-11-03 Chen; Shyong-Chwan Multiple sockets wrench
CN202336837U (en) * 2011-09-28 2012-07-18 河南科技大学 Multi-specification sleeve

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1471451A (en) * 1922-05-25 1923-10-23 Alfred A Crimp Socket wrench
US1896949A (en) * 1932-02-05 1933-02-07 Greiner John Socket wrench
US1997948A (en) * 1934-06-04 1935-04-16 Pearson Andrew Automatic socket wrench
US3127798A (en) * 1961-09-29 1964-04-07 Michael J Gol Telescoping inserted wrenches
US3127797A (en) * 1962-05-01 1964-04-07 Jesse P Rogers Hand tool for rotating a threaded member having axially movable clutching handle sections
US3298261A (en) * 1965-05-28 1967-01-17 Ben H Lynn Multi-socket wrench
US5157995A (en) * 1991-09-24 1992-10-27 Nogues Nelson E Multiple socket wrench
US5163344A (en) * 1991-10-18 1992-11-17 Mathers William S Adjustable socket apparatus
US5829328A (en) * 1995-08-02 1998-11-03 Chen; Shyong-Chwan Multiple sockets wrench
CN202336837U (en) * 2011-09-28 2012-07-18 河南科技大学 Multi-specification sleeve

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104816268A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-08-05 江苏建筑职业技术学院 Wrench capable of screwing ten screws
CN105150150A (en) * 2015-10-08 2015-12-16 国网山东省电力公司泰安供电公司 Multilayer triangular sleeve spanner
CN105415250A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-23 苏州创丰精密五金有限公司 Portable multifunctional disassembling jig
CN106272214A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-01-04 上海拓岚机械科技有限公司 A kind of combined sleeve
CN106312882A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-01-11 奇瑞汽车股份有限公司 Tool for assembling and disassembling bolts and nuts and multifunctional sleeve of tool
CN107877435A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-04-06 深圳技术大学(筹) Box spanner
CN107877435B (en) * 2017-11-24 2020-01-03 深圳技术大学(筹) Socket spanner
TWI679087B (en) * 2019-01-29 2019-12-11 薪螢企業有限公司 Socket and method of using same
CN110340831A (en) * 2019-06-10 2019-10-18 射阳县恒工工具有限公司 A kind of monkey wrench
CN110307237A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-10-08 周超 A kind of hydraulic nut
CN110307237B (en) * 2019-07-26 2021-03-26 浙江捷能汽车零部件有限公司 Hydraulic nut

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