CN102348211B - Frequency spectrum detection and frequency allocation system and method - Google Patents

Frequency spectrum detection and frequency allocation system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102348211B
CN102348211B CN201010239999.7A CN201010239999A CN102348211B CN 102348211 B CN102348211 B CN 102348211B CN 201010239999 A CN201010239999 A CN 201010239999A CN 102348211 B CN102348211 B CN 102348211B
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China
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frequency
network
spectrum detection
management equipment
configuration region
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CN201010239999.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102348211A (en
Inventor
陈星�
杨宁
徐晓东
李男
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中国移动通信集团公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a frequency spectrum detection and frequency allocation system and method, which are used for reducing the overhead of a leasing network on frequency spectrum detection and improving the efficiency of frequency spectrum detection. The frequency spectrum detection and frequency allocation system comprises a frequency management device, and frequency spectrum detection devices respectively arranged for each frequency allocation area of an authorized network, wherein the frequency spectrum detection devices are used for carrying out frequency spectrum detection on the frequency allocation areas of the targeted authorized network and reporting the detected frequency occupation information of the frequency allocation areas to the frequency management device; and the frequency management device is used for determining the working frequency used by each base station in the leasing network according to the frequency occupation information of the authorized network, reported by the frequency spectrum detection devices, so as to avoid interfering the authorized network.

Description

Frequency spectrum detection and frequency configuration system and method

Technical field

The present invention relates to technical field of radio, particularly relate to a kind of frequency spectrum detection and frequency configuration system and method.

Background technology

The multiple network of cognitive radio technical research dynamically shares the problem of frequency spectrum.When the mandate frequency of a network is vacant, can temporarily lend other Web vector graphic, have and authorize the network of frequency to can be described as authorisation network; The frequency that other network can take by detecting aerial signal finds frequency cavity, and obtain the information of available free frequency, then use, the network using frequency can be described as leases network.When authorisation network resumes frequency, leasing network needs to return the frequency of using in time, and is switched to other idle frequence.

In the prior art, network is leased for what adopt mobile cellular technology, often require that all base stations in network and all terminals all will possess spectrum detection function, the frequency spectrum that each base station and terminal take by detecting authorisation network, and lease according to frequency spectrum detecting result adjustment the operating frequency that in network, each base station uses.

The present inventor finds, not all application scenarios all needs to adopt such scheme.When the frequency configuration region of authorisation network is larger, such as LTE (Long Term Evolution, Long Term Evolution) network and radio network dynamically share the scene of frequency spectrum, because in radio network, the overlay area of single broadcast tower is larger, therefore, it is all identical in very large region that radio network intermediate frequency spectrum takies situation, and the signal spectrum that its frequency taken can be launched by broadcast tower is determined.In this case, if all base stations in LTE network and all terminals all possess the function of frequency spectrum detection, then the waste of frequency spectrum detection resource is caused; And when base station or the terminal distance signal launching centre of radio network and broadcast tower far away time, the frequency spectrum detection time of needs is longer, makes frequency spectrum detecting result inaccurate, and reduces the efficiency of frequency spectrum detection.

Therefore, how to reduce and lease the expense of network for frequency spectrum detection, improve the efficiency of frequency spectrum detection and become one of technical problem urgently to be resolved hurrily in prior art.

Summary of the invention

The embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of frequency spectrum detection and frequency configuration system and method, leases the expense of network for frequency spectrum detection, improve the efficiency of frequency spectrum detection in order to reduce.

The embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of frequency spectrum detection and frequency configuration system, the spectrum detection device comprising frequency management equipment and arrange respectively for each frequency configuration region of authorisation network, wherein:

Described spectrum detection device, for for the frequency configuration region of authorisation network carry out frequency spectrum detection, and the frequency occupation information in the described frequency configuration region detected is reported described frequency management equipment;

Described frequency management equipment, for the frequency occupation information of authorisation network reported according to each spectrum detection device, determines to lease the operating frequency that in network, each base station should use, to avoid interference authorisation network.

The embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of frequency spectrum detection and frequency allocation method simultaneously, comprising:

The frequency occupation information in the frequency configuration region of the authorisation network that frequency management equipment received spectrum checkout equipment detects, described spectrum detection device arrange respectively for each frequency configuration region of authorisation network and to for the frequency configuration region of authorisation network carry out frequency spectrum detection;

The frequency occupation information of the authorisation network that described frequency management equipment reports according to each spectrum detection device, determines to lease the operating frequency that in network, each base station should use, to avoid interference authorisation network.

The frequency spectrum detection that the embodiment of the present invention provides and frequency configuration system and method, without the need to leasing all base stations in network and all terminals all possess spectrum detection function, only, in each frequency configuration region of authorisation network, spectrum detection device is set respectively, spectrum detection device to its for the frequency configuration region of authorisation network carry out frequency spectrum detection, and the Spectrum Occupancy Information in the frequency configuration region detected is reported frequency management equipment, thus reduce and lease the expense of network for frequency spectrum detection, improve the efficiency of frequency spectrum detection; The frequency occupation information of the authorisation network that frequency management equipment reports according to each spectrum detection device determines to lease the operating frequency that in network, each base station should use, and makes it adapt to the change of frequency shared by authorisation network, to avoid interference authorisation network.The technical scheme that the embodiment of the present invention provides, less to existing protocol transformation amount, and less to existing transformation of leasing equipment in network.

Other features and advantages of the present invention will be set forth in the following description, and, partly become apparent from specification, or understand by implementing the present invention.Object of the present invention and other advantages realize by structure specifically noted in write specification, claims and accompanying drawing and obtain.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the network architecture diagram of the detection of embodiment of the present invention intermediate frequency spectrum and frequency configuration system;

Fig. 2 is that embodiment of the present invention intermediate frequency spectrum detects and frequency allocation method flow chart;

Fig. 3 is frequency spectrum detection and the frequency allocation method implementing procedure figure that in the embodiment of the present invention, frequency spectrum shared by LTE network and radio network.

Embodiment

Lease network for the expense of frequency spectrum detection and the object improving frequency spectrum detection efficiency to reach to reduce, the embodiment of the present invention aims to provide a kind of frequency spectrum detection and frequency configuration system and method.

Below in conjunction with Figure of description, the preferred embodiments of the present invention are described, be to be understood that, preferred embodiment described herein is only for instruction and explanation of the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention, and when not conflicting, the embodiment in the present invention and the feature in embodiment can combine mutually.

The present inventor finds, what adopt mobile cellular technology leases network, and all base stations and all terminals all possess spectrum detection function.The frequency that each base station and terminal take by detecting authorisation network, and lease according to frequency spectrum detecting result adjustment the operating frequency that in network, each base station should use.But, when the frequency configuration region of authorisation network is larger, the frequency taken due to authorisation network in very large overlay area is all identical, therefore, all possess spectrum detection function without the need to leasing all base stations and all terminals in network, and, also frequency spectrum detection is carried out without the need to terminal, only by only a few base station or independently spectrum detection device to carry out frequency spectrum detection just passable, such as only need carry out frequency spectrum detection near the base station of authorisation network, and testing result notified other base station and terminal.The scene dynamically sharing frequency spectrum for LTE network and radio network illustrates, the ENB (base station) of the nearer LTE network of one or several distance broadcast tower can be selected to carry out frequency spectrum detection, if these ENB find that broadcast singal resumes certain frequency, just can notify to be in LTE network and avoid using all ENB in the geographic range of frequency shared by this broadcast tower to avoid using this frequency.Therefore, in actual applications, can by only a few base station or independently spectrum detection device carry out frequency spectrum detection, come wholely to lease the operating frequency that network trace authorisation network frequency spectrum takies situation of change and corresponding configurating base station.The frequency spectrum detection that the embodiment of the present invention provides and frequency configuration system and method, be particularly useful for the frequency configuration region overlay area of single broadcast tower (in the such as radio network) for authorisation network much larger than the application scenarios of base station coverage area (in such as LTE network single ENB community) leasing network.

Based on this, embodiments provide a kind of frequency spectrum detection and frequency configuration system, as shown in Figure 1, comprise spectrum detection device 101 and frequency management equipment 102, spectrum detection device 101 is arranged respectively for each frequency configuration region of authorisation network, and can arrange one or more spectrum detection device 101 respectively for each frequency configuration region of authorisation network; A frequency management equipment 102 can be connected with multiple spectrum detection device 101, and each spectrum detection device 101 is responsible for the frequency occupation information in the frequency configuration region of a detection authorisation network.Frequency management equipment 102 and spectrum detection device 101 by F1 interface communication, frequency management equipment 102 with lease the base station of network by F2 interface communication.Wherein:

Spectrum detection device 101, for for for the frequency configuration region of authorisation network carry out frequency spectrum detection, and the frequency occupation information in the frequency configuration region detected is reported frequency management equipment 102;

Frequency management equipment 102, for the frequency occupation information of authorisation network reported according to each spectrum detection device 101, determines to lease the operating frequency that in network, each base station should use, to avoid interference authorisation network.

In concrete enforcement, frequency management equipment 102, specifically for the frequency occupation information in frequency configuration region reported according to each spectrum detection device 101, determine respectively to lease the geographic range that network avoids frequency shared by each frequency configuration region in use authority network, and the operating frequency of each base station leasing network in each geographic range is adjusted to the idle frequence that can avoid interference corresponding frequency configuration region.

The frequency occupation information in the frequency configuration region of authorisation network can comprise: the signal strength signal intensity of the signal launching centre in the frequency configuration region of the authorisation network that spectrum detection device receives; In this case, frequency management equipment 102 is for the frequency configuration region of each authorisation network, the signal strength signal intensity of the signal launching centre in this frequency configuration region received according to spectrum detection device 101 and spectrum detection device 101 are to the distance of the signal launching centre in this frequency configuration region, determine the transmit signal strength of the signal launching centre in this frequency configuration region, and determine to lease the geographic range that network avoids using frequency shared by this frequency configuration region in conjunction with the anti-interference requirement of authorisation network.

The frequency occupation information in the frequency configuration region of authorisation network also can comprise: the indication information whether the frequency configuration region of the authorisation network that spectrum detection device is determined takies for each frequency; In this case, frequency management equipment 102 is for the frequency configuration region of each authorisation network, the anti-interference requirement of the indication information whether this frequency configuration region determined according to spectrum detection device 101 takies for each frequency and authorisation network, determines to lease the geographic range that network avoids using frequency shared by this frequency configuration region.

That determines based on above-mentioned two kinds of modes leases the geographic range that network avoids using frequency shared by this frequency configuration region, frequency management equipment 102, specifically for the geographic range determined for each, determine exist use operating frequency identical with the frequency shared by corresponding frequency configuration region lease the base station of network time, the operating frequency that the base station determined should use is adjusted to the corresponding unappropriated idle frequence in frequency configuration region, and sends the frequency error factor instruction being switched to described idle frequence to the base station determined.

Preferably, frequency management equipment 102 can send configuration order to spectrum detection device 101 in advance, and described configuration order comprises time started of frequency spectrum detection, sense cycle and detection range; The configuration order that spectrum detection device 101 can send according to frequency management equipment 102, when arriving detection time, in detection range to its for the frequency configuration region of authorisation network carry out periodic spectral detection.

In the embodiment of the present invention, spectrum detection device 101 can be the isolated node of rent net network, also can be arranged on apart from authorisation network frequency configuration region signal launching centre near lease in the base station of network; Frequency management equipment 102 can be the isolated node in rent net network, also can be arranged on to lease in the network management system of network, also can be arranged on and lease in the wireless access network of network, can also be arranged on and lease in the core net of network.In the embodiment of the present invention, by F1 interface communication between definition frequency management equipment 102 and spectrum detection device 101, by F2 interface communication between frequency management equipment 102 and the base station leasing in network.If spectrum detection device 101 and frequency management equipment 102 for leasing the isolated node of network, then can greatly reduce the transformation amount to existing protocol, and without the need to leasing equipment in network transformation to existing.

In the embodiment of the present invention, authorisation network can be radio network, and leasing network can be LTE network or UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunication System, universal mobile telecommunications system) network.

The present invention is in embodiment, and when leasing network and be LTE network and spectrum detection device 101 being arranged in the ENB (base station) of LTE network, preferably, frequency management equipment 102 can be arranged in the following way:

Frequency management equipment 102 can be arranged in the network management system of LTE network, and the F1 interface between spectrum detection device 101 and frequency management equipment 102 and the F2 interface between frequency management equipment and ENB can be realized by network management interface;

Frequency management equipment 102 also can be arranged in a certain ENB of LTE network, be integrated in the spectrum detection device 101 in ENB and the F1 interface be integrated between the frequency management equipment 102 in ENB can be realized by X2 interface, the F2 interface be integrated between frequency management equipment 102 in ENB and other ENB can be realized by X2 interface;

Frequency management equipment 102 can also be arranged on the MME (Mobility Management Entity) of LTE network, F1 interface between spectrum detection device 101 and frequency management equipment 102 can pass through S1 Interface realization, and the F2 interface between frequency management equipment 102 and ENB can pass through S1 Interface realization.

The present invention is in embodiment, and when leasing network and be UMTS network and spectrum detection device 101 being arranged in the NodeB (base station) of UMTS network, preferably, frequency management equipment 102 can be arranged in the following way:

Frequency management equipment 102 can be arranged in the network management system of UMTS network, and the F1 interface between frequency management equipment 102 and spectrum detection device 101 and the F2 interface between frequency management equipment 102 and NodeB (base station) can be realized by network management interface;

Frequency management equipment 102 also can be arranged in a certain RNC (radio network controller) of UMTS network, F1 interface between the spectrum detection device 101 arranged in the NodeB of frequency management equipment 102 and this RNC subordinate can be realized by Iub interface, F1 interface between the spectrum detection device 101 arranged in the NodeB of frequency management equipment 102 and other RNC subordinate can be realized by Iur and Iub interface, F2 interface between frequency management equipment 102 and the NodeB of this RNC subordinate can be realized by Iub interface, F2 interface between frequency management equipment 102 and the NodeB of other RNC subordinate can be realized by Iur and Iub interface,

Frequency management equipment 102 can also be arranged on SGSN (the GPRS serving GPRS support node of UMTS network; GPRS: GPRS) in, the F1 interface between frequency management equipment 102 and spectrum detection device 101 can be realized by Iu and Iub interface, and the F2 interface between frequency management equipment 102 and NodeB can be realized by Iu and Iub interface.

Based on same technical conceive, embodiments provide a kind of frequency spectrum detection and frequency allocation method, as shown in Figure 2, comprising:

The frequency occupation information in the frequency configuration region of the authorisation network that S201, frequency management equipment received spectrum checkout equipment detect, wherein, spectrum detection device arrange respectively for each frequency configuration region of authorisation network and to for the frequency configuration region of authorisation network carry out frequency spectrum detection;

A few spectrum detection device is respectively provided in the frequency configuration region of authorisation network, a spectrum management equipment can be connected with multiple spectrum detection device, each spectrum detection device to its for the frequency configuration region of authorisation network carry out frequency spectrum detection, and the Spectrum Occupancy Information in the frequency configuration region of the authorisation network detected is reported frequency management equipment.

The frequency occupation information of the authorisation network that S202, frequency management equipment report according to each spectrum detection device, determines to lease the operating frequency that in network, each base station should use, to avoid interference authorisation network.

In concrete enforcement, S202 can comprise the steps:

The frequency occupation information in the frequency configuration region that step a, frequency management equipment report according to each spectrum detection device, determines to lease the geographic range that network avoids frequency shared by each frequency configuration region in use authority network respectively;

Wherein, the frequency occupation information in the frequency configuration region of authorisation network, specifically can comprise: the signal strength signal intensity of the signal launching centre in the frequency configuration region of the authorisation network that spectrum detection device receives; Then in the concrete enforcement of step a, for the frequency configuration region of each authorisation network, the signal strength signal intensity of the signal launching centre in this frequency configuration region that described frequency management equipment receives according to described spectrum detection device and described spectrum detection device, to the distance of the signal launching centre in this frequency configuration region, determine the transmit signal strength of the signal launching centre in this frequency configuration region; And determine to lease the geographic range that network avoids using frequency shared by this frequency configuration region in conjunction with the anti-interference requirement of authorisation network.

The frequency occupation information in the frequency configuration region of authorisation network also can comprise: the indication information whether the frequency configuration region of the authorisation network that spectrum detection device is determined takies for each frequency; In the concrete enforcement of step a, for the frequency configuration region of each authorisation network, the anti-interference requirement of the indication information whether this frequency configuration region of determining according to described spectrum detection device of described frequency management equipment takies for each frequency and authorisation network, determines to lease the geographic range that network avoids using frequency shared by this frequency configuration region.During initialization, the operating frequency that the frequency of the indication information whether frequency management equipment takies for each frequency according to the frequency configuration region of authorisation network shared by the frequency configuration region of the base station configuration with authorisation network of leasing network is different, this process also can be passed through manually to complete When building their networks.

The operating frequency of each base station leasing network in each geographic range is adjusted to the idle frequence that can avoid interference corresponding frequency configuration region by step b, frequency management equipment.

In the concrete enforcement of step b, for the geographic range that each is determined, frequency management equipment determine exist use operating frequency identical with the frequency shared by corresponding frequency configuration region lease the base station of network time, the operating frequency of the base station determined is adjusted to the corresponding unappropriated idle frequence in frequency configuration region, and sends the frequency error factor instruction being switched to described idle frequence to the base station determined.In concrete enforcement, when the indication information whether frequency management equipment takies for each frequency according to frequency configuration region, when finding that the frequency configuration region of authorisation network discharges a certain frequency, if frequency management equipment thinks that the frequency of this release is more suitable for leasing the base station of network, also frequency error factor instruction is initiated in the base station can leasing network to this, indicates it to be switched to this idle frequence.

Preferably, frequency management equipment can control frequency spectrum detection time started of spectrum detection device, sense cycle and detection range, and send configuration order to spectrum detection device, this configuration order comprises time started of frequency spectrum detection, sense cycle and detection range, the configuration order that spectrum detection device sends according to described frequency management equipment, when the time started of frequency spectrum detection arrives, in described detection range to its for the frequency configuration region of authorisation network carry out periodic spectral detection.

In order to understand embodiments of the present invention better, authorisation network and lease network respectively for radio network and LTE network so that frequency spectrum detection and frequency allocation method to be described, the frequency management equipment related in embodiments of the present invention and spectrum detection device are arrange isolated node in the lte networks.

As shown in Figure 3, comprise the steps:

At least one spectrum detection device is set in S301, LTE network;

In concrete enforcement, for each broadcast tower of radio network, one or several independently spectrum detection device is set respectively near each broadcast tower.

S302, spectrum detection device configuring spectrum detected parameters;

In concrete enforcement, frequency management equipment sends the configuration order of frequency spectrum detection parameter to spectrum detection device, for the running parameter of configuring spectrum checkout equipment, spectrum detection device carries out the configuration of running parameter according to the configuration order received, and set running parameter can comprise: time started of frequency spectrum detection, sense cycle and detection range etc.

S303, spectrum detection device regularly inquire about timer;

S304, spectrum detection device judge whether to arrive detection time, if so, perform S305, otherwise, perform S303;

In concrete enforcement, the detection time that spectrum detection device is arranged according to frequency management equipment and sense cycle regularly inquire about timer, judge whether to arrive detection time according to Query Result.

S305, spectrum detection device in radio network for broadcast tower carry out frequency spectrum detection;

In concrete enforcement, the frequency spectrum detection scope that spectrum detection device is arranged according to frequency management equipment, in radio network self for broadcast tower carry out frequency spectrum detection.

S306, spectrum detection device report the frequency spectrum detecting result of the broadcast tower for radio network;

In concrete enforcement, this broadcast tower in the received signal strength of the broadcast tower detected or the radio network determined is reported frequency management equipment for the indication information whether each frequency takies by spectrum detection device.

S307, frequency management equipment determination LTE network avoid the geographic range using frequency shared by each broadcast tower in radio network;

In concrete enforcement, for each broadcast tower, the signal strength signal intensity of this broadcast tower that frequency management equipment can report according to the spectrum detection device received, spectrum detection device determine the transmit signal strength of this broadcast tower to the distance of this broadcast tower, and in conjunction with the anti-interference requirement of radio network, determine that LTE network avoids using the geographic range of frequency shared by this broadcast tower in radio network.Or, the indication information whether frequency management equipment can take for each frequency according to this broadcast tower of the radio network determined, and the anti-interference requirement of radio network, determine that LTE network avoids using the geographic range of frequency shared by this broadcast tower in radio network.

S308, frequency management equipment judge that each ENB of the LTE network be in each geographic range is the need of change operating frequency, if so, performs S309, otherwise terminates;

In concrete enforcement, avoid using in the geographic range of frequency shared by each broadcast tower in radio network in LTE network, using the ENB of the frequency shared by this broadcast tower need change its operating frequency.

S309, frequency management equipment are to the ENB transmission frequency switching command that need change operating frequency;

In concrete enforcement, frequency management equipment is that to adjust operating frequency be the unappropriated idle frequence of broadcast tower to the ENB that need change operating frequency, and to this ENB transmission frequency switching command according to the frequency spectrum detecting result received.

S310, the ENB switch operating frequency of operating frequency need be changed.

In concrete enforcement, ENB switches the operating frequency of self according to the frequency error factor instruction of frequency management equipment, and notifies that administrative terminal carries out frequency error factor, and to the result that frequency management equipment feedback frequency switches.

The frequency spectrum detection that the embodiment of the present invention provides and frequency configuration system and method, without the need to leasing all base stations in network and all terminals all possess spectrum detection function, only, in each frequency configuration region of authorisation network, spectrum detection device is set respectively, spectrum detection device to its for the frequency configuration region of authorisation network carry out frequency spectrum detection, and the Spectrum Occupancy Information in the frequency configuration region of the authorisation network detected is reported frequency management equipment, thus reduce and lease the expense of network for frequency spectrum detection, improve the efficiency of frequency spectrum detection, the frequency occupation information of the authorisation network that frequency management equipment reports according to each spectrum detection device determines to lease the operating frequency that in network, each base station should use, and makes it adapt to the change of frequency shared by authorisation network, to avoid interference authorisation network, the unappropriated idle frequence of each base station use authority network in network is leased by adjustment, can under the prerequisite avoiding interference authorisation network, Appropriate application idle frequence, promotes frequency efficiency.The frequency configuration region that the technical scheme that the embodiment of the present invention provides is specially adapted to authorisation network is much larger than the application scenarios of base station coverage area leasing network, can without the need to or transform the base station leased in network on a small quantity, less to existing protocol transformation amount, and less to existing transformation of leasing equipment in network.

Obviously, those skilled in the art can carry out various change and modification to the present invention and not depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention.Like this, if these amendments of the present invention and modification belong within the scope of the claims in the present invention and equivalent technologies thereof, then the present invention is also intended to comprise these change and modification.

Claims (16)

1. frequency spectrum detection and a frequency configuration system, is characterized in that, the spectrum detection device comprising frequency management equipment and arrange respectively for each frequency configuration region of authorisation network, wherein:
Described spectrum detection device, for for the frequency configuration region of authorisation network carry out frequency spectrum detection, and the frequency occupation information in the described frequency configuration region detected is reported described frequency management equipment;
Described frequency management equipment, for the frequency occupation information in frequency configuration region reported according to each spectrum detection device, determine respectively to lease the geographic range that network avoids frequency shared by each frequency configuration region in use authority network, and the operating frequency of each base station leasing network in each geographic range is adjusted to the idle frequence that can avoid interference corresponding frequency configuration region.
2. the system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described spectrum detection device is the isolated node leased in network, or described spectrum detection device is arranged on and leases in the base station of network;
Described frequency management equipment is the isolated node leased in network, or described frequency management equipment is arranged in the network management system of leasing network or leases in the wireless access network of network or lease in the core net of network.
3. the system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the frequency occupation information in the frequency configuration region of described authorisation network comprises: the signal strength signal intensity of the signal launching centre in the frequency configuration region of the authorisation network that spectrum detection device receives;
Described frequency management equipment, specifically for the frequency configuration region for each authorisation network, the signal strength signal intensity of the signal launching centre in this frequency configuration region received according to described spectrum detection device and described spectrum detection device are to the distance of the signal launching centre in this frequency configuration region, determine the transmit signal strength of the signal launching centre in this frequency configuration region, and determine to lease the geographic range that network avoids using frequency shared by this frequency configuration region in conjunction with the anti-interference requirement of authorisation network.
4. the system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the frequency occupation information in the frequency configuration region of described authorisation network comprises: the indication information whether the frequency configuration region of the authorisation network that spectrum detection device is determined takies for each frequency;
Described frequency management equipment, specifically for the frequency configuration region for each authorisation network, the anti-interference requirement of the indication information whether this frequency configuration region determined according to described spectrum detection device takies for each frequency and authorisation network, determines to lease the geographic range that network avoids using frequency shared by this frequency configuration region.
5. the system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described frequency management equipment, specifically for the geographic range determined for each, determine exist use operating frequency identical with the frequency shared by corresponding frequency configuration region lease the base station of network time, the operating frequency that the base station determined should use is adjusted to the corresponding unappropriated idle frequence in frequency configuration region, and sends the frequency error factor instruction being switched to described idle frequence to the base station determined.
6. system as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that,
Described frequency management equipment, also for sending configuration order to described spectrum detection device, described configuration order comprises time started of frequency spectrum detection, sense cycle and detection range;
Described spectrum detection device, the configuration order also for sending according to described frequency management equipment, when the time started of frequency spectrum detection arrives, in described detection range to its for the frequency configuration region of authorisation network carry out periodic spectral detection.
7. system as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that, by F1 interface communication between described frequency management equipment and spectrum detection device, by F2 interface communication between described frequency management equipment and the base station leasing in network.
8. system as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that, described authorisation network comprises radio network, described in lease network and comprise Long Term Evolution LTE network; And described spectrum detection device is arranged in the base station ENB of LTE network;
Described frequency management equipment is arranged in the network management system of LTE network, the spectrum detection device arranged in described frequency management equipment and base station ENB realizes F1 interface by network management interface, and described frequency management equipment realizes the F2 interface between the ENB of base station by network management interface; Or,
Described frequency management equipment is arranged in a base station ENB of LTE network, the spectrum detection device arranged in described frequency management equipment and other base station ENB realizes F1 interface by X2 interface, and described frequency management equipment realizes the F2 interface between the ENB of other base station by X2 interface; Or,
Described frequency management equipment is arranged in the Mobility Management Entity MME of LTE network, the spectrum detection device arranged in described frequency management equipment and base station ENB is by S1 Interface realization F1 interface, and described frequency management equipment is by the F2 interface between S1 Interface realization and base station ENB.
9. system as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that, described authorisation network comprises radio network, described in lease network and comprise universal mobile telecommunications system UMTS network; And described spectrum detection device is arranged in the base station NodeB of UMTS network;
Described frequency management equipment is arranged in the network management system of UMTS network, the spectrum detection device arranged in described frequency management equipment and base station NodeB realizes F1 interface by network management interface, and described frequency management equipment realizes the F2 interface between base station NodeB by network management interface; Or,
Described frequency management equipment is arranged in a radio network controller (RNC) of UMTS network, the spectrum detection device arranged in the base station NodeB of described frequency management equipment and this RNC subordinate realizes F1 interface by Iub interface, the spectrum detection device arranged in the base station NodeB of described frequency management equipment and other RNC subordinate realizes F1 interface by Iur and Iub interface, described frequency management equipment realizes the F2 interface between the base station NodeB of this RNC subordinate by Iub interface, described frequency management equipment realizes the F2 interface between the base station NodeB of other RNC subordinate by Iur and Iub interface, or,
Described frequency management equipment is arranged in the general packet radio service gprs serving GPRS support node SGSN of UMTS network, the spectrum detection device arranged in described frequency management equipment and base station NodeB realizes F1 interface by Iu and Iub interface, and described frequency management equipment realizes the F2 interface between base station NodeB by Iu and Iub interface.
10. system as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, each the frequency configuration region for authorisation network arranges one or more spectrum detection device respectively.
11. 1 kinds of frequency spectrum detection and frequency allocation method, is characterized in that, comprising:
The frequency occupation information in the frequency configuration region of the authorisation network that frequency management equipment received spectrum checkout equipment detects, described spectrum detection device be arrange respectively for each frequency configuration region of authorisation network and to for the frequency configuration region of authorisation network carry out the equipment of frequency spectrum detection;
The frequency occupation information in the frequency configuration region that described frequency management equipment reports according to each spectrum detection device, determines to lease the geographic range that network avoids frequency shared by each frequency configuration region in use authority network respectively; And
The operating frequency that each base station leasing network in each geographic range should use is adjusted to the idle frequence avoiding interference corresponding frequency configuration region.
12. methods as claimed in claim 11, is characterized in that,
Described spectrum detection device is the isolated node leased in network, or described spectrum detection device is arranged on and leases in the base station of network;
Described frequency management equipment is the isolated node leased in network, or described frequency management equipment is arranged in the network management system of leasing network or leases in the wireless access network of network or lease in the core net of network.
13. methods as claimed in claim 11, it is characterized in that, the frequency occupation information in the frequency configuration region of described authorisation network comprises: the signal strength signal intensity of the signal launching centre in the frequency configuration region of the authorisation network that spectrum detection device receives;
The frequency occupation information in the frequency configuration region that described frequency management equipment reports according to each spectrum detection device, determine respectively to lease the geographic range that network avoids frequency shared by each frequency configuration region in use authority network, specifically comprise:
For the frequency configuration region of each authorisation network, the signal strength signal intensity of the signal launching centre in this frequency configuration region that described frequency management equipment receives according to described spectrum detection device and described spectrum detection device, to the distance of the signal launching centre in this frequency configuration region, determine the transmit signal strength of the signal launching centre in this frequency configuration region; And
Anti-interference requirement in conjunction with authorisation network is determined to lease the geographic range that network avoids using frequency shared by this frequency configuration region.
14. methods as claimed in claim 11, it is characterized in that, the frequency occupation information in the frequency configuration region of described authorisation network comprises: the indication information whether the frequency configuration region of the authorisation network that spectrum detection device is determined takies for each frequency;
The frequency occupation information in the frequency configuration region that described frequency management equipment reports according to each spectrum detection device, determine respectively to lease the geographic range that network avoids frequency shared by each frequency configuration region in use authority network, specifically comprise:
For the frequency configuration region of each authorisation network, the anti-interference requirement of the indication information whether this frequency configuration region of determining according to described spectrum detection device of described frequency management equipment takies for each frequency and authorisation network, determines to lease the geographic range that network avoids using frequency shared by this frequency configuration region.
15. methods as claimed in claim 11, is characterized in that, the described operating frequency by each base station leasing network in each geographic range is adjusted to the idle frequence that can avoid interference corresponding frequency configuration region, specifically comprises:
For the geographic range that each is determined, described frequency management equipment determine exist use operating frequency identical with the frequency shared by corresponding frequency configuration region lease the base station of network time, the operating frequency that the base station determined should use is adjusted to the corresponding unappropriated idle frequence in frequency configuration region, and sends the frequency error factor instruction being switched to described idle frequence to the base station determined.
16. methods as described in claim 11 or 12, is characterized in that, also comprise:
Described spectrum detection device sends configuration order to described spectrum detection device, and described configuration order comprises time started of frequency spectrum detection, sense cycle and detection range;
The configuration order that described spectrum detection device sends according to described frequency management equipment, when the time started of frequency spectrum detection arrives, in described detection range to its for the frequency configuration region of authorisation network carry out periodic spectral detection.
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