CN102348160B - Multimode signal-based positioning method, system and positioning platform - Google Patents

Multimode signal-based positioning method, system and positioning platform Download PDF

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CN102348160B
CN102348160B CN 201110197912 CN201110197912A CN102348160B CN 102348160 B CN102348160 B CN 102348160B CN 201110197912 CN201110197912 CN 201110197912 CN 201110197912 A CN201110197912 A CN 201110197912A CN 102348160 B CN102348160 B CN 102348160B
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signal
parameters
building
fingerprint
positioning
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CN 201110197912
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CN102348160A (en
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钟致民
杨广龙
张玉良
吴彦津
孔勇平
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中国电信股份有限公司
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Abstract

本发明实施例公开了一种基于多模信号的定位方法与系统、定位平台,方法包括:定位平台接收待定位终端在所在位置获取多模信号后发送的上行消息,多模信号包括WiFi信号与移动通信网络信号,上行消息包括待定位终端获取到的多模信号信息,包括多模信号的类型与参数,多模信号的类型包括WiFi信号或移动通信网络信号,对应的多模信号的参数包括WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数;定位平台获取多模信号信息匹配的标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标,以该建筑物的室内位置坐标作为待定位终端的室内定位结果。 The present invention is disclosed embodiment a multimode signal based positioning method and system, the positioning platform, the method comprising: receiving location platform to be located terminal obtains the uplink message sent after the location of the multimode signal, the multi-mode signal includes a signal and WiFi a mobile communication network signal, an uplink message comprising a multimode signal information to be located terminal acquired, including the type and parameters of the multimode signal, the type of multi-mode signal includes WiFi signal or a mobile communication network signal, parameters of the multi-mode signal corresponding to include the base station parameters WiFi parameters to the mobile communication network; multimodal platform obtains positioning information signal characteristic fingerprint matching criteria corresponding to the position coordinates of the building interior, the indoor position coordinates of the building as a result of indoor location of the terminal to be positioned. 本发明实施例可以提高室内定位精度,并节省室内定位所需的成本。 Embodiments of the present invention can improve the indoor positioning accuracy, and cost required for indoor positioning.

Description

基于多模信号的定位方法与系统、定位平台 Multi-mode signal based positioning systems and positioning platform

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及通信技术,尤其是一种基于多模信号的定位方法与系统、定位平台。 [0001] The present invention relates to communication technologies, in particular a positioning signal based on a multi-mode system, the positioning platform.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着无线通信技术与网络技术的发展,移动终端的使用逐渐普及,已经成为大众随身携带的必备生活用品之一。 [0002] As wireless communication technology and network technology, the increasing popularity of mobile terminals, has become one of the public to carry essential supplies. 随着移动终端功能的增加,人们可以通过移动终端完成越来越多的工作,例如:可以将定位技术应用于移动终端,通过对企业人员,如巡查外勤人员、销售外勤人员等,配置移动终端来实现对企业人员的位置管理。 With the increase of mobile terminal functions, it can be done more and more work by the mobile terminal, for example: positioning technology can be applied to mobile terminals, through the corporate officers, such as inspection field staff, field sales personnel, the configuration of the mobile terminal to achieve the position of enterprise management personnel.

[0003] 移动终端定位分为主动定位与第三方定位。 [0003] The mobile terminal locator divided into active position and the third party is positioned. 其中,主动定位时移动终端用户在希望获得自己当前地理位置时,操作手机定位应用软件,例如:手机导航软件,来实现定位。 Wherein, when the initiative to locate the mobile end users want their current location, operating mobile location applications, such as: mobile phone navigation software to achieve positioning. 第三方定位是应用方(也称为:第三方)希望获得某移动终端用户当前的地理位置时,使用移动通信网络实现对移动终端的定位,移动终端用户当时不一定意识到有第三方对其进行定位。 Positioning the third party application side (also called: a third party) to obtain a desired current location when the mobile terminal user using a mobile communication network to achieve positioning of the mobile terminal, when the mobile terminal user is not necessarily aware of the third party a positioning. 第三方定位目前已经广泛应用于企业管理、监外服刑人员监管、销售人员管理、巡警调度等业务。 Third-party positioning has been widely used enterprise management, prison inmates supervision, sales force management, patrol dispatcher and other services.

[0004] 目前,在移动终端位于室外等全球定位系统(Global Positioning System,以下简称:GPS)卫星可见的场景下时,可以采用GPS定位技术、定位之星(gpsOne)定位技术来实现对移动终端的定位。 [0004] Currently, the mobile terminal is located outdoors like the global positioning system (Global Positioning System, hereinafter referred to as: GPS) satellites are visible during the scene, GPS technology may be employed, Dingweizhixing (gpsOne) location technology implemented on the mobile terminal positioning.

[0005] 但是,在移动终端位于室内时,通常采用室外定位的简单室内延伸来实现对移动终端的定位。 Simple Indoor [0005] However, when the mobile terminal is located indoors, usually located outside of the extension to achieve the positioning of the mobile terminal. 例如,在移动终端在室内的当前位置与室外有视距直接可通达的地方,可以直接采用GPS定位技术实现对该室内移动终端的定位;或者,直接采用室外的基站定位结果作为该室内移动终端的定位结果。 For example, when the mobile terminal has a current position at the horizon where the outdoor chamber can be directly accessible, it can be directly used for the positioning of GPS location technology of the mobile terminal chamber; or directly from the base station as the positioning result outside the chamber mobile terminal the positioning results. 另外,也可以专门在室内布设定位传感器来实现室内定位,定位精度由定位传感器的布设密度确定。 Further, the positioning can be specifically laid indoors indoor positioning sensors to achieve positioning accuracy is determined by the density of the laid positioning of the sensor.

[0006] 在实现本发明的过程中,发明人发现现有技术进行室内定位的方法至少存在以下问题:采用室外定位的简单室内延伸来实现对移动终端的定位时,所定位出的室内位置精度较低,通常比室外定位精度要低得多,定位结果不准确;通过布设定位传感器进行室内定位时,由于需要专门布设定位传感器,成本较高,尤其在需要提高定位精度时就需要布设密度较高的定位传感器,进一步增加了定位成本。 [0006] During the implementation of the present invention, the inventors found that the prior art method of indoor positioning at least the following problems: Simple outdoor indoor positioning using the positioning of extension to achieve the mobile terminal, the positional accuracy of the positioning of the indoor lower than the outdoor positioning accuracy is generally much lower, the result is not accurate positioning; when the indoor sensor positioned by the positioning laying, since the laying position sensors require specialized, high cost, especially when it is necessary to improve positioning accuracy required density is laid high positioning sensors, further increasing the cost of positioning.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 本发明实施例所要解决的技术问题是:提供一种基于多模信号的定位方法与系统、定位平台,以提高室内定位精度,并节省室内定位所需的成本。 Example technical problem to be solved [0007] The present invention is: to provide a multi-mode signal based positioning systems and positioning platform, in order to improve indoor positioning accuracy, and cost required for indoor positioning.

[0008] 本发明实施例提供的一种基于多模信号的定位方法,包括: [0008] An embodiment of the present invention is provided a positioning method based on a multi-mode signal, comprising:

[0009] 定位平台接收待定位终端在所在位置获取多模信号后发送的上行消息,所述多模信号包括无线局域网WiFi信号与移动通信网络信号,所述上行消息包括所述待定位终端获取到的多模信号信息,所述多模信号信息包括多模信号的类型与参数,所述多模信号的类型包括WiFi信号或移动通信网络信号,所述多模信号的类型为WiFi信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括WiFi参数,所述WiFi参数包括WiFi接入点地址编码WiFi MAC值与WiFi信号强度值,所述多模信号的类型为移动通信网络信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括移动通信网络的基站参数; [0009] positioned to be received internet uplink message sent by a terminal positioned at the location after acquiring the multi-mode signal, the multi-mode signal includes a signal WiFi WLAN mobile communication network signal, the uplink message including the acquired terminal to be positioned when the multi-mode information signal, said information signal comprises a multi-mode type and multimode signal parameter, the multimode type WiFi signal or signals comprises a mobile communication network signal, the signal type is the multi-mode WiFi signal, corresponding to multi-mode signal parameters include WiFi parameters, the WiFi parameters include WiFi access point WiFi MAC address value and the encoded value of the signal strength of WiFi, the multimode type signal is a mobile communication network signal, the signal corresponding to the multi-mode parameters include parameters of the mobile communication network base station;

[0010] 所述定位平台将所述多模信号信息与建筑物指纹库中的标准特征指纹进行匹配,获取所述多模信号信息匹配的标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标,以该建筑物的室内位置坐标作为所述待定位终端的室内定位结果,所述指纹库包括建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息,所述标准特征指纹为在对应位置采集到的多模信号相关参数唯一组成的向量,所述多模信号相关参数包括在所在室内位置坐标处信号强度较大的L个WiFi参数、移动通信网络中的M个当前服务基站参数与每一个当前服务基站对应的N个相邻基站参数,所述WiFi参数包括WiFi接入点名称WiFi SSID、WiFiMAC值与WiFi信号强度值,L、M、N分别为大于零的预设整数。 [0010] The location platform standard fingerprint characteristic information from the multi-mode signal of building a fingerprint database matching, obtaining position coordinates of the building interior to the standard fingerprint characteristic information matches the multi-mode signal corresponding to the indoor position coordinates of the building as a result of the indoor positioning terminal to be positioned, said building comprising a fingerprint database, correspondence information between the position coordinates of the standard interior features of the fingerprint of the building, as a standard feature in the corresponding fingerprint vector position signals collected multimode parameters unique composition, the multi-mode signal parameters comprises M current base station location parameters in the chamber where the larger signal strength at the L coordinate WiFi parameters, a mobile communication network service and each base station corresponding to a current serving base station N adjacent parameters, the WiFi parameters include WiFi access point name WiFi SSID, WiFiMAC value of the signal intensity values ​​WiFi, L, M, N are predetermined integers greater than zero.

[0011] 本发明实施例提供的一种定位平台,包括: [0011] A positioning platform according to an embodiment of the present invention, comprising:

[0012] 接收单元,用于接收待定位终端在所在位置获取多模信号后发送的上行消息,所述多模信号包括WiFi信号与移动通信网络信号,所述上行消息包括所述待定位终端获取到的多模信号信息,所述多模信号信息包括多模信号的类型与参数,所述多模信号的类型包括WiFi信号或移动通信网络信号,所述多模信号的类型为WiFi信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括WiFi参数,所述WiFi参数包括WiFi MAC值与WiFi信号强度值,所述多模信号的类型为移动通信网络信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括移动通信网络的基站参数; [0012] receiving unit for receiving the positioning terminal obtains the uplink message to be sent after the location of the multimode signal, the multi-mode signal includes a WiFi signal and a mobile communication network signal, the uplink message including the acquired terminal to be positioned the multimode signal information, the multi-mode signal includes information type of the multimode signal parameter, the multimode type WiFi signal or signals comprises a mobile communication network signal, a WiFi signal type is the multi-mode signal, parameters corresponding to the multimode signal parameters include WiFi, WiFi parameters comprise the value of the WiFi MAC WiFi signal strength value, a signal parameter of the multimode type signal when the multi-mode mobile communication network signal, corresponding to the mobile communications network comprising base station parameter;

[0013] 第一存储单元,用于存储建筑物指纹库,所述指纹库中包括建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息,所述标准特征指纹为在对应位置采集到的多模信号相关参数唯一组成的向量,所述多模信号相关参数包括在所在室内位置坐标处信号强度较大的L个WiFi参数、移动通信网络中的M个当前服务基站参数与每一个当前服务基站对应的N个相邻基站参数,所述WiFi参数包括WiFiSSID、WiFi MAC值与WiFi信号强度值,L、M、N分别为大于零的预设整数; [0013] The first storage unit for storing the fingerprint database structures, the fingerprint database includes a corresponding relationship between the position coordinates of the standard interior features of the fingerprint of buildings, building information, the fingerprint of the corresponding standard feature vector position signals collected multimode parameters unique composition, the multi-mode signal parameters comprises M current base station location parameters in the chamber where the larger signal strength at the L coordinate WiFi parameters, a mobile communication network service and each base station corresponding to a current serving base station N adjacent parameters, the WiFi parameters comprise WiFiSSID, WiFi MAC value of the WiFi signal strength value, L, M, N are predetermined integers greater than zero;

[0014] 匹配单元,用于将所述多模信号信息与所述指纹库中的标准特征指纹进行匹配,获取所述多模信号信息匹配的标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标,以该建筑物的室内位置坐标作为所述待定位终端的室内定位结果。 [0014] The matching unit, wherein the standard for the fingerprint information of the multi-mode signal to said matching fingerprint library, acquires position coordinates of the standard interior features multimode fingerprint matching information signal corresponding to the building, to indoor position coordinates of the building as a result of the indoor positioning terminal to be positioned.

[0015] 本发明实施例提供的一种基于多模信号的定位系统,包括: [0015] An embodiment of the present invention is provided a positioning system based on a multi-mode signal, comprising:

[0016] 待定位终端,用于在所在位置获取多模信号并向定位平台发送上行消息,所述多模信号包括无WiFi信号与移动通信网络信号,所述上行消息包括所述待定位终端获取到的多模信号信息,所述多模信号信息包括多模信号的类型与参数,所述多模信号的类型包括WiFi信号或移动通信网络信号,所述多模信号的类型为WiFi信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括WiFi参数,所述WiFi参数包括WiFi MAC值与WiFi信号强度值,所述多模信号的类型为移动通信网络信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括移动通信网络的基站参数; [0016] The terminal to be positioned, configured to obtain a multi-mode signal to the positioning platform location to send the uplink message, the multi-mode signal includes no WiFi signal and a mobile communication network signal, the uplink message including the acquired terminal to be positioned the multimode signal information, the multi-mode signal includes information type of the multimode signal parameter, the multimode type WiFi signal or signals comprises a mobile communication network signal, a WiFi signal type is the multi-mode signal, parameters corresponding to the multimode signal parameters include WiFi, WiFi parameters comprise the value of the WiFi MAC WiFi signal strength value, a signal parameter of the multimode type signal when the multi-mode mobile communication network signal, corresponding to the mobile communications network comprising base station parameter;

[0017]定位平台,用于接收所述上行消息,将所述多模信号信息与建筑物指纹库中的标准特征指纹进行匹配,获取所述多模信号信息匹配的标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标,以该建筑物的室内位置坐标作为所述待定位终端的室内定位结果,所述指纹库包括建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息,所述标准特征指纹为在对应位置采集到的多模信号相关参数唯一组成的向量,所述多模信号相关参数包括在所在室内位置坐标处信号强度较大的L个WiFi参数、移动通信网络中的M个当前服务基站参数与每一个当前服务基站对应的N个相邻基站参数,所述WiFi参数包括WiFi SSID、WiFiMAC值与WiFi信号强度值,L、M、N分别为大于零的预设整数。 Standard fingerprint characteristic [0017] The location platform, for receiving the uplink message, the fingerprint of the standard features of a building multimode signal information matches the fingerprint database, obtaining the multi-mode matching information signal corresponding to the building the indoor location coordinates, the position coordinates of the indoor of the building as a result of the chamber positioned to be located terminal, the fingerprint database includes a corresponding relationship between the position coordinates of the standard interior features of the fingerprint of buildings, building information, the wherein said standard vector fingerprint collected in the corresponding position of the multi-mode signal parameters only component of the multi-mode signal related parameters included in the indoor location where the signal strength of the L coordinate greater WiFi parameters, a mobile communication network the M parameter with the current serving base station for each base station corresponding to a current serving base station N adjacent parameters, the WiFi parameters comprise WiFi SSID, WiFiMAC WiFi signal intensity value with the value, L, M, N are integers greater than zero preset .

[0018] 基于本发明上述实施例提供的基于多模信号的定位方法与系统、定位平台,可以预先在建筑物内的各位置采集到多模信号相关参数,包括在所在室内位置坐标处信号强度较大的L个WiFi参数、移动通信网络中的M个当前服务基站参数与每一个当前服务基站对应的N个相邻基站参数,并由每一组多模信号相关参数分别组成一个向量,即标准特征指纹,并在指纹库中建立建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息,在接收到待定位终端在所在位置获取多模信号后发送的上行消息时,将待定位终端获取的多模信号信息与建筑物指纹库中的标准特征指纹进行匹配,获取该多模信号信息匹配的标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标,以该建筑物的室内位置坐标作为待定位终端的室内定位结果,由于同时采用包括WiFi参数与移动通信 [0018] Multi-mode signal based positioning systems and positioning platform, at each position can be acquired in advance based on the embodiment of the present invention is provided in the building into a multimode signal parameters, including signal strength where the position coordinates at room the larger the L WiFi parameters, the parameters M a current serving base station in a mobile communication network with a current serving base station corresponding to each of the N neighboring base station parameter, the multimode signals by each set of parameters are associated to form a vector, i.e., standard characteristic fingerprint, and the fingerprint database in the erection of a building, correspondence information between the position coordinates of the standard interior features of the fingerprint of the building, the uplink message sent after receiving the terminal to be located in the acquired location of the multi-mode signal, indoor location coordinates of building multi-mode standard fingerprint characteristic signal information with the standard features of the building a fingerprint database of fingerprints obtained by the terminal to be positioned to match, acquires the multimode matching information signal corresponding to the position of the building interior indoor location coordinates as a result of the terminal to be positioned, also employed include WiFi parameters to the mobile communication 络中的基站参数在内的多模信号参数对待定位终端进行定位,从而提高了室内定位的精确度;并且,与现有技术采用室内布设定位传感器实现室内定位相比,可以直接利用已有的通信设备与资源,无需专门投建,大幅度降低了室内精准定位的基础建设和运营成本。 The multimode base station signal parameters in network parameters including the positioning terminal positioning treated, thereby improving the accuracy of the indoor location; and, as compared to indoor positioning sensor laid indoor positioning achieved using the prior art, direct use of existing communications equipment and resources, without special investment to build, a significant reduction in the indoor precise positioning infrastructure and operating costs.

[0019] 下面通过附图和实施例,对本发明的技术方案做进一步的详细描述。 [0019] The following drawings and embodiments, detailed description of the further aspect of the present invention.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0020] 为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图仅仅是本发明的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动性的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。 [0020] In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments or the prior art embodiment of the present invention, briefly introduced hereinafter, embodiments are described below in the accompanying drawings or described in the prior art needed to be used in describing the embodiments the drawings are only some embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art is concerned, without any creative effort, and can obtain other drawings based on these drawings.

[0021] 图1为本发明基于多模信号的定位方法一个实施例的流程图; [0021] FIG. 1 is a flowchart of the positioning method embodiment of the multi-mode signal based on a present embodiment of the invention;

[0022] 图2为本发明基于多模信号的定位方法另一个实施例的流程图; [0022] FIG 2 is a flowchart of a method according to another embodiment of the positioning signal based on multimode invention;

[0023] 图3为本发明基于多模信号的定位方法又一个实施例的流程图; [0023] FIG. 3 is positioned multi-mode signal based on a flowchart according to another embodiment of the present invention;

[0024] 图4为本发明定位平台一个实施例的结构示意图; [0024] FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the embodiment of the invention the positioning platform;

[0025] 图5为本发明定位平台另一个实施例的结构示意图; [0025] FIG. 5 is positioned internet schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of the present invention;

[0026] 图6为本发明定位平台又一个实施例的结构示意图; [0026] FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of the invention, the positioning platform;

[0027] 图7为本发明基于多模信号的定位系统一个实施例的结构示意图; [0027] FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of the positioning system of the invention the multi-mode signal based on an embodiment;

[0028] 图8为本发明基于多模信号的定位系统另一个实施例的结构示意图。 [0028] FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of a positioning system based on a multi-mode signal present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0029] 下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。 [0029] below in conjunction with the present invention in the accompanying drawings, technical solutions of embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described, obviously, the described embodiments are merely part of embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments example. 基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有作出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art to make all other embodiments without creative work obtained by, it falls within the scope of the present invention.

[0030] 图1为本发明基于多模信号的定位方法一个实施例的流程图。 [0030] FIG. 1 is a flowchart of the positioning method embodiment of the multi-mode signal based on a present embodiment of the invention. 如图1所示,该实施例基于多模信号的定位方法包括: 1, this embodiment is a positioning method based on a multi-mode signal comprises:

[0031] 101,定位平台接收待定位终端在所在位置获取多模信号后发送的上行消息,其中的多模信号包括无线局域网(WiFi)信号与移动通信网络信号。 [0031] 101, the terminal positioning platform receives an uplink message to be transmitted is positioned in the location after acquiring the multi-mode signal, wherein the signal comprises a multi-mode wireless LAN (WiFi) signals with a mobile communication network signal.

[0032] 该上行消息包括待定位终端获取到的多模信号信息,其中的多模信号信息包括多模信号的类型与参数。 [0032] The uplink message comprises a multi-mode terminal targeting signal information to be acquired, wherein the multi-mode signal includes information type of the parameter of the multi-mode signal. 多模信号的类型具体包括WiFi信号或移动通信网络信号。 Type multimode signals or WiFi signals comprises a mobile communication network signal. 在多模信号的类型为WiFi信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括WiFi参数,该WiFi参数包括WiFi接入点地址编码(以下简称:MAC)值与WiFi信号强度值;在多模信号的类型为移动通信网络信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括移动通信网络的基站参数。 When the multimode type signal is WiFi signal, the parameter signal corresponding to the multimode parameters include WiFi, WiFi parameters comprise the WiFi access point address code (hereinafter referred to as: MAC) value of the WiFi signal strength values; multimode signal when a mobile communication network signal type, parameters corresponding to the multimode signal includes a base station of a mobile communication network parameters.

[0033] 具体地,作为本发明的一个具体实施例,其中的待定位终端可以是移动终端、个人计算机(Personal Computer,以下简称:PC)等所有用户终端。 [0033] In particular, as a specific embodiment of the present invention, wherein the positioning terminal may be a mobile terminal, a personal computer (Personal Computer, hereinafter: PC) and all the user terminals. 其中的移动通信网络包括全球移动通信系统(Global System For Mobile Communications,以下简称:GSM)、码分多址(Code Division Multiple Access,以下简称:CDMA)系统、宽带码分多址(WidebandCode Division Multiple Access,以下简称:WCDMA)系统、与CDMA2000 系统中的任意一种或多种。 Wherein the mobile communication network comprises a Global System for Mobile communication system (Global System For Mobile Communications, hereinafter referred to as: GSM), CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access, hereinafter referred to as: CDMA) system, a Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WidebandCode Division Multiple Access , hereinafter referred to as: WCDMA) any one or more systems, with the CDMA2000 system. 当如服务基站参数或相邻基站参数包括:当如服务基站或相邻基站的基站标识(Identification,以下简称:ID)与在所在位置的信号强度Rx。 The serving base station when the parameter or parameters of the neighboring base station comprises: when the base station identifier (Identification, hereinafter referred to as: ID), such as serving base station or neighboring base station and the signal strength at the location of the Rx.

[0034] 可选地,待定位终端可以定期、主动向定位平台上行消息,也可以根据定位平台的指令实时应答该上行消息。 [0034] Alternatively, the terminal may periodically be located, active uplink message to the positioning platform, in real-time response may be an uplink message according to an instruction of the positioning table.

[0035] 102,定位平台将上行消息中的多模信号信息与建筑物指纹库中的标准特征指纹进行匹配,获取多模信号信息匹配的标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标,以该建筑物的室内位置坐标作为待定位终端的室内定位结果。 [0035] 102, internet positioning standard fingerprint characteristic of the multi-mode uplink message signal information and building a fingerprint database by matching the position coordinates acquired indoor building standard multimode signal characteristic fingerprint matching information corresponding to the indoor location coordinates of the building as a result of indoor location to be located terminal.

[0036] 其中的指纹库包括建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息。 [0036] wherein the fingerprint database includes a corresponding relationship between the position coordinates of the standard interior features of the fingerprint of buildings, building information. 标准特征指纹为在对应位置采集到的多模信号相关参数唯一组成的向量,多模信号相关参数包括在所在室内位置坐标处信号强度较大的L个WiFi参数、移动通信网络中的M个当前服务基站参数与每一个当前服务基站对应的N个相邻基站参数,WiFi参数包括WiFi接入点名称(SSID)、WiFi MAC值与WiFi信号强度值。 Standard features of a fingerprint is acquired at a corresponding position to a multimode signal only component of vector parameters, parameters related to multi-mode signal includes a signal strength where the position coordinates of the chamber larger the L WiFi parameters, a mobile communication network of the M current parameters with a base station serving each of the current serving base station corresponding to the parameters of the N neighboring base stations, WiFi parameters include WiFi access point name (SSID), WiFi MAC value of the WiFi signal strength value. 其中,L、M、N分别为大于零的预设整数。 Wherein, L, M, N are predetermined integers greater than zero.

[0037] 本发明上述实施例提供的基于多模信号的定位方法,可以预先在建筑物内的各位置采集到多模信号相关参数,包括在所在室内位置坐标处信号强度较大的L个WiFi参数、移动通信网络中的M个当前服务基站参数与每一个当前服务基站对应的N个相邻基站参数,并由每一组多模信号相关参数分别组成一个向量,即标准特征指纹,并在指纹库中建立建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息,在接收到待定位终端在所在位置获取多模信号后发送的上行消息时,将待定位终端获取的多模信号信息与建筑物指纹库中的标准特征指纹进行匹配,获取该多模信号信息匹配的标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标,以该建筑物的室内位置坐标作为待定位终端的室内定位结果,由于同时采用包括WiFi参数与移动通信网络中的基站参数在内 [0037] The present invention is a positioning method based on a multi-mode signal, each position may be previously acquired in the above embodiments provide a building into a multimode signal parameters, including signal strength in the chamber where the position coordinates of the larger the L WiFi parameters, parameter M a current serving base station in a mobile communication network with a current serving base station corresponding to each of the N neighboring base station parameter, the multimode signals by each set of parameters are associated to form a vector, i.e., standard features of the fingerprint, and fingerprint database to establish correspondence information between buildings, indoor location coordinates of the standard features of the fingerprint of the building, the uplink message sent after receiving the terminal to be located in the acquired location of the multimode signal, to be acquired by the positioning terminal multi-mode signal information with the standard features of the building fingerprint matching fingerprint database, obtaining position coordinates of the building interior multimode signal matching criteria characteristic fingerprint information corresponding to the position coordinates of the interior of buildings to be used as the positioning terminal indoor positioning result, since the base station comprises a parameter while using WiFi parameters to the mobile communication network, including 多模信号参数对待定位终端进行定位,从而提高了室内定位的精确度;并且,可以直接利用已有的通信设备与资源,无需专门投建,大幅度降低了室内精准定位的基础建设和运营成本。 Multimode signal parameters treat positioning terminal positioning, thereby improving the accuracy indoor location; and, can directly use the existing communication equipment and resources, without special investment to build, a significant reduction in the indoor precise positioning infrastructure and operating costs .

[0038] 作为本发明的另一个具体实施例,在本发明上述实施例之前,还可以包括以下流程: [0038] As another specific embodiment of the present invention, prior to the above-described embodiments of the present invention may further include the following processes:

[0039] 对于各建筑物,分别采集各室内位置坐标并获取各室内位置的一组多模信号相关参数,其中的室内位置包括建筑物的外部边界位置与外部边界以内的内部位置,外部边界位置包括建筑物名称、楼层号、方位、公共空间名称、朝向,内部位置包括建筑物名称、楼层号、房间号或公共空间名称、与朝向; A set of multi-mode signal related parameters [0039] For each building, each chamber were collected and acquires the positional coordinates of each of the indoor location, wherein the interior comprises an outer position of the boundary position within the outer boundary of the building and the inner position, the outer boundary position including building name, floor number, orientation, public name space, towards the interior location comprises a building name, floor number, room number, or the name of a public space, and orientation;

[0040] 分别由一组多模信号相关参数生成一个标准特征指纹; [0040] generate a characteristic fingerprint of a standard set of parameters related to the multi-mode signal;

[0041 ] 在指纹库中建立建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息。 [0041] erection of a building in the fingerprint database, the correspondence between the interior position coordinates of the standard features of buildings fingerprint information. 实际应用中,可以按照建筑物外部边界位置与内部位置的坐标顺序,对每个位置坐标记录一条对应信息。 In practice, in accordance with the position coordinates of the outer boundary of the order position inside the building, for each position records a correspondence information.

[0042] 具体地,可以采用安装专用采集软件的终端或者PC来采集各室内位置坐标并获取各室内位置的一组多模信号相关参数。 [0042] Specifically, a set of parameters related to multi-mode signal terminal or the PC to install special acquisition software to capture and acquires position coordinates of each of the indoor position of the indoor use. 专用采集软件既可以以专用采集终端或PC的形式独立安放,也可以与待定位终端集成安放,实现采集的终端或PC可以称为采集方。 Special acquisition software may be placed independently in form of a dedicated collection terminal or PC, it may be integrated to be mounted positioning terminals, the acquisition may be referred to a terminal or PC acquisition side. 实际应用中,可以按照如下顺序进行所需参数的采集:先建筑物周边、再由低向高逐层往上,每层楼要采集公共空间典型位置、每个房间中心位置,以上每个位置称为一个采集点。 In practice, the required parameters can be acquired in the following order: first the surrounding buildings, from low to high and then up layer by layer, each floor typically public spaces to collect position, the center position of each room, each of these positions It referred to a collection point. 在办公楼层区域,可以用终端采集,在库房、机房、仓储等区域可以用PC采集,采集的参数具体可以包括:外部边界位置或内部位置,与接收到的信号强度排列前6位的WiFi参数,包括WiFiSSID, WiFi MAC值、WiFi信号强度值,与可能的CDMA、CDMA2000或WCDMA系统中当前服务基站参数与每一个当前服务基站对应的最多6个相邻基站参数,包括导频偏置(PN)、小区编码(CID)与信号强度Rx,以及可能的GSM中当前服务基站参数与每一当前服务基站对应最多6个相邻基站参数,包括国家编码(MCC)、网络编码(MNC)、区域编码(LAC)、CID、信号强度Rx与信号从基站传输到当前位置的达到时差(TA)等,以及其他多个运营商网络的基站参数。 Office floor area can be used collection terminals, in the warehouse, room, storage and other region may use the PC acquisition, acquisition parameters may include: an external boundary position or inner position and received signal strength are arranged in the first six bits WiFi parameters , including WiFiSSID, WiFi MAC value, WiFi signal strength values, with the possible CDMA, CDMA2000 or WCDMA system, the current serving base station and each of the parameters corresponding to the current serving base station to up to six neighboring base station parameter includes a pilot offset (PN ), encoding a cell (CID) and the Rx signal strength, and possibly the current serving GSM base station and each of the parameters corresponding to the current serving base station up to six neighboring base station parameters, including country code (MCC), network coding (the MNC), region encoding (LAC), CID, signal strength of signals transmitted from the base station Rx and the current position reaches the time difference (TA) and the like, and a base station parameters of a plurality of networks of other operators. CDMA、CDMA2000或WCDMA系统中,CID具体由系统识别码(SID)、网络识别码(NID)与基站识别码(BSID)组成,基站ID参数包括PN与小区编码CID。 CDMA, CDMA2000 or WCDMA system, CID by a specific system identification code (the SID), network identifier (NID) and the base station identification code (the BSID) composed of a base station cell ID and PN coding parameters include CID. GSM中基站ID参数包括MCC、MNC、LAC 与CID。 GSM base station ID parameter comprises MCC, MNC, LAC and CID.

[0043] 具体地,考虑到无线网络信号的方向性,为了尽可能消除采集到的多模信号相关参数的随机误差,使采集到的多模信号相关参数更为合理、准确,可以针对每一个室内位置,分别在正交方向采集四组多模信号相关参数,并获取该四组多模信号相关参数的平均数据组,以该平均数据组作为所在室内位置的一组多模信号相关参数。 [0043] In particular, taking into account the directivity of the wireless network signal, in order to eliminate random error collected multimode signal related parameters as possible, so that signals collected multimode more reasonable parameters, accurate, may for each indoor location, were collected in four orthogonal directions multimode signal correlation parameters, and acquires the average of four sets of data signals related to a multi-mode parameter, to the average data set signals as a set of multi-mode indoor location where the relevant parameters.

[0044] 进一步地,可以按照预设周期对指纹库中的信息进行更新,例如,每三个月对指纹库中的信息更新一次。 [0044] Further, the information can be updated in accordance with the fingerprint database predetermined period, for example, every three months the information fingerprint database is updated once. 具体地,可以按照预设周期获取各建筑物中各室内位置的一组多模信号相关参数,并分别生成一个标准特征指纹;根据最新生成的标准特征,对指纹库中建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息进行更新。 Specifically, the preset period may be acquired in accordance with a set of parameters of the multi-mode signal relating to the building of the indoor location, and generates a standard fingerprint characteristic respectively; standard feature newly generated fingerprint database building, a building correspondence between the indoor location coordinates and standard features fingerprint information to be updated.

[0045] 图2为本发明基于多模信号的定位方法另一个实施例的流程图,如图2所示,该实施例基于多模信号的定位方法包括: [0045] FIG 2 is a flowchart of another embodiment of a positioning method based on a multi-mode signal present invention is shown in FIG. 2, this embodiment is a positioning method based on a multi-mode signal comprises:

[0046] 201,定位平台接收待定位终端在所在位置获取多模信号后发送的上行消息,其中的多模信号包括WiFi信号和/或移动通信网络信号,该上行消息包括待定位终端获取到的多模信号信息。 [0046] 201, an uplink message location internet receiver to be located transmitted by the terminal after the location to obtain multiple-mode signal, wherein the multi-mode signal includes a WiFi signal and / or the mobile communication network signal, the uplink message comprising a pending positioning terminal acquired multimode signal information.

[0047] 其中的多模信号信息包括多模信号的类型与参数。 [0047] wherein the multi-mode signal includes information type of the parameter of the multi-mode signal. 多模信号的类型具体包括WiFi信号或移动通信网络信号。 Type multimode signals or WiFi signals comprises a mobile communication network signal. 在多模信号的类型为WiFi信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括WiFi参数,该WiFi参数包括WiFi MAC值与WiFi信号强度值;在多模信号的类型为移动通信网络信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括移动通信网络的基站参数。 When the type of the multi-mode signal is a WiFi signal, parameters of the multi-mode signal corresponding to include WiFi parameters, the WiFi parameters comprise WiFi MAC value and the signal strength values ​​WiFi; when the type of the multi-mode signal is a mobile communication network signal, the corresponding parameters of the multi-mode signal includes a base station of a mobile communication network parameters.

[0048] 202,定位平台识别多模信号信息是否同时包括WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数。 [0048] 202, internet positioning signal to identify whether the multimode base station parameter information includes both WiFi parameters to the mobile communication network. 若多模信号信息同时包括WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数,执行205。 If the multi-mode base station includes a parameter signal information while the mobile communication network and WiFi parameters is performed 205. 否则,若多模信号信息仅包括WiFi参数,执行203 ;若多模信号信息仅包括移动通信网络的基站参数,执行204。 Otherwise, if the signal information includes only the multi-mode WiFi parameters, perform 203; if the multi-mode signal includes only the base station information of a mobile communication network parameters, perform 204.

[0049] 具体地,根据本发明的一个具体实施例,在多模信号信息不包括WiFi参数、或者虽然包括WiFi参数但该WiFi参数的强度低于预设的建筑物内应有的最低阀值、或者建筑物指纹库中未不存在多模信号信息的WiFi参数时,可以认为多模信号信息仅包括移动通信网络的基站参数,此时,待定位终端不在指纹库所覆盖的建筑物范围内。 [0049] In particular, according to one specific embodiment of the present invention, although the WiFi parameters including, but the intensity of the WiFi parameter is below a predetermined minimum threshold in the building should multimode signal information does not include WiFi parameters, or, multi-mode signal does not exist or not information is the fingerprint database building the WiFi parameters may be considered a multi-mode signal includes only the base station information of a mobile communication network parameters, this time, to be located within the terminal building is not covered by the scope of the fingerprint database.

[0050] 203,定位平台从建筑物指纹库中查询包括上行消息中性能较佳的最多L个WiFi参数的标准特征指纹,以该标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标作为待定位终端的室内定位结果。 [0050] 203, internet query from the building positioned fingerprint database message comprises an uplink preferred performance characteristic fingerprints most L standard WiFi parameters to the standard features of an indoor location coordinates corresponding to the fingerprint as the building of the terminal to be positioned indoor positioning results.

[0051] 204,定位平台采用快速基站定位算法,根据多模信号信息中移动通信网络的基站参数对待定位终端进行定位,获得待定位终端的定位结果。 [0051] 204, the base station using fast positioning platform location algorithm, treats the positioning terminal according to the multimode base station parameter information signals for positioning the mobile communication network to obtain the location result of the terminal to be positioned.

[0052] 具体地,定位平台可以从基站信息数据库中存储的基站参数与基站位置之间的对应关系信息中,获取多模信号信息中移动通信网络的基站参数对应的基站位置,以该基站位置作为待定位终端的当前位置,从而获得待定位终端的定位结果。 A correspondence relationship between the base station parameters and base station location information [0052] Specifically, the positioning platform can be stored in the base station information database, the acquired base station position multimode signal information the base station parameters of the mobile communication network corresponding to the base station location as the current position of the terminal to be positioned, so as to obtain the location result of the terminal to be positioned. 例如,定位平台采用的快速基站定位算法及其顺序具体可以是用户分布密度算法、道路投影算法、用户群组算法、动态预测算法以及其它算法等。 For example, base station positioning algorithm and its fast positioning platform order may be user-specific algorithm distribution density, road projection algorithm, user group algorithm, dynamic prediction algorithm and other algorithm. 采用上述顺序的定位算法进行定位,可以优先保障历史积累的经验位置定位结果,然后按照合理性道路投影、用户行为惯性推测、以及准实时的位移动态预测等算法一步步对定位结果进行精细化定位,在优先保障经验位置定位结果的情况下,使定位结果更加精确。 Using positioning algorithm above sequence of positioning, can give priority to experience the position of the positioning result history accumulated, and then follow the rationality of road projection, user behavior inertia speculation, as well as quasi-real-time dynamic forecast displacement algorithm is a step by step of positioning results to fine positioning in the case of priority to safeguard the position of the positioning result of the experience, positioning more accurate results.

[0053] 205,定位平台将上行消息中的多模信号信息与建筑物指纹库中的标准特征指纹进行匹配,获取多模信号信息匹配的标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标,以该建筑物的室内位置坐标作为待定位终端的室内定位结果。 [0053] 205, internet positioning standard fingerprint characteristic of the multi-mode uplink message signal information and building a fingerprint database by matching the position coordinates acquired indoor building standard multimode signal characteristic fingerprint matching information corresponding to the indoor location coordinates of the building as a result of indoor location to be located terminal.

[0054] 其中的指纹库包括建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息。 [0054] wherein the fingerprint database includes a corresponding relationship between the position coordinates of the standard interior features of the fingerprint of buildings, building information. 标准特征指纹为在对应位置采集到的多模信号相关参数唯一组成的向量,多模信号相关参数包括在所在室内位置坐标处信号强度较大的L个WiFi参数、移动通信网络中的M个当前服务基站参数与每一个当前服务基站对应的N个相邻基站参数,WiFi参数包括WiFi SSID、WiFi MAC值与WiFi信号强度值。 Standard features of a fingerprint is acquired at a corresponding position to a multimode signal only component of vector parameters, parameters related to multi-mode signal includes a signal strength where the position coordinates of the chamber larger the L WiFi parameters, a mobile communication network of the M current parameters with a base station serving each of the current serving base station corresponding to the parameters of the N neighboring base stations, WiFi parameters include WiFi SSID, WiFi MAC value and the signal strength values ​​WiFi. 其中,L、M、N分别为大于零的预设整数。 Wherein, L, M, N are predetermined integers greater than zero.

[0055] 可选地,通过图1所示实施例中的102,或者图2所示实施例中的203、204或205获得待定位终端的室内定位结果之后,还可以包括:206,定位平台从建筑物属性信息库获取作为待定位终端的室内定位结果的室内位置坐标对应的位置属性信息,根据作为待定位终端的室内定位结果的室内位置坐标与对应的位置属性信息生成预设形式的定位结果信息,例如,以文字、图片、地图等形式呈现的定位结果信息。 [0055] Alternatively, by the embodiment shown in FIG. 1 embodiment 102, or embodiment shown in FIG. 2, after 203, 204 or 205 in the embodiment is obtained location result to be indoor positioning terminal may further include: 206, Location Platform attribute information to be acquired as the position of the positioning terminal from the building interior positioning result attribute information base indoor location corresponding to the coordinates, an indoor location result according to the position to be located indoors terminal position coordinates corresponding to the attribute information generated in the form of a preset positioning result information, such as text, pictures, maps and other information presented in the form of positioning results.

[0056] 其中,建筑物属性信息库可以预先建立,每个建筑物的属性可以包括建筑物的地面边界与顶点位置坐标、楼层结构、WiFi布设等。 [0056] wherein the attribute information of the building database may be pre-established, attributes of each building may comprise building a boundary surface with vertex position coordinates, the floor structure, WiFi laid like. 通过建立建筑物属性信息库,可以建立建筑物的内部环境信息库与内部坐标系,以便于详细描述定位结果的位置属性。 By establishing the building attribute information database can be established with the internal environment information database internal coordinate system of the building, in order to locate the location attribute to the results described in detail. 建筑物属性信息库中包括各建筑物的各室内位置坐标与该室内位置对应的位置属性信息,例如,建筑物占地周边多边形各顶点坐标、主要出入口坐标、楼层数、电梯数、电梯编号及位置、公共楼梯、过道、每层楼布局即房间编号与房间的邻接关系、房间与其他公共空间及公共设施间的邻接关系、另外位置属性信息还可以包括每个WiFi接入点(以下简称:AP)的详细位置、WiFiSSID, WiFi MAC与预设覆盖范围,其中,预设覆盖范围如房间号、公共空间等。 Building database includes attribute information of the attribute information of the indoor location coordinates of each location corresponding to the building indoor location, e.g., an area surrounding the building polygon vertex coordinates, the coordinates of the main entrance, number of floors, number of elevators, elevator number, and position, public stairs, aisle, i.e., the layout of each floor abutting relationship with the room number of the room, and the room adjacency relationship between other public facilities and public spaces, additional information may further include a position attribute of each WiFi access point (hereinafter referred to as: AP) detailed location, WiFiSSID, WiFi MAC preset coverage wherein coverage as the preset number of rooms, and other public spaces.

[0057] 进一步地,如图3所示,作为本发明基于多模信号的定位方法的又一个具体实施例,102或205具体可以通过如下方式实现: [0057] Further, as shown, yet the present invention is a multi-mode signal based positioning Specific Example 3, 102, or 205 may specifically be achieved by:

[0058] 301,定位平台确定上行消息中WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的目标建筑物,并由上行消息中性能较佳的最多L个WiFi参数、M个基站的基站参数、M个基站中每一个基站对应的最多N个相邻基站的基站参数,生成待定位终端的待检特征向量。 [0058] 301, positioning platform determines a target base station uplink message parameters building WiFi parameters corresponding to the mobile communication network in the fingerprint database, the uplink message by the most preferred performance of L WiFi parameters, the base station of M parameters, M corresponding base stations each base station up to N parameters of neighboring base stations, generating a feature vector to be detected to be located in the terminal.

[0059] 302,定位平台从指纹库中获取与待检特征向量匹配的标准特征指纹。 [0059] 302, wherein the subject acquires positioning platform to be a standard feature vector matching fingerprint from the fingerprint database.

[0060] 303,定位平台查询各室内位置坐标与特征指纹之间的对应关系信息,获取与待检特征向量匹配的待检特征向量对应的室内位置坐标作为目标室内位置坐标。 [0060] 303, internet positioning inquiry the correspondence relationship between the information and the position coordinates of each indoor characteristic fingerprint, an indoor location coordinates acquired to be the subject feature vector matching the feature vector to be detected corresponding to the coordinate position as the target chamber.

[0061] 304,定位平台以目标建筑物的目标室内位置坐标作为待定位终端的室内定位结果。 [0061] 304, indoor positioning platform target location coordinates of the target building an indoor location result to be located in the terminal.

[0062] 可选地,在图3所示实施例的301中,具体可以通过如下方式确定上行消息中WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的目标建筑物: [0062] Alternatively, in the embodiment 301 of FIG. 3, the base station specific parameters of target structure can be determined in an uplink message WiFi parameters of the mobile communication network corresponding to the fingerprint in the database by:

[0063] 查询上行消息中WiFi参数在指纹库中对应的第一目标建筑物,以及上行消息中移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的第二目标建筑物; [0063] The first query in the target structure WiFi uplink message corresponding to the parameter in the fingerprint database, a building and a second target base station the uplink parameter message corresponding to the mobile communications network in the fingerprint database;

[0064] 若查询到第一目标建筑物但未查询到第二目标建筑物,则以第一目标建筑物作为上行消息中WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的目标建筑物; [0064] When the target structure but not the first query to a second query to the target structure, building places a first target base station uplink message target structure parameters WiFi parameters corresponding to the mobile communication network in the fingerprint database ;

[0065] 若未查询到第一目标建筑物但查询到第二目标建筑物,则以第二目标建筑物作为上行消息中WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的目标建筑物; [0065] If no query to the target structure but the first query to a second target structure, target structures at a second target base station uplink message parameters building WiFi parameters corresponding to the mobile communication network in the fingerprint database ;

[0066] 若查询到第一目标建筑物与第二目标建筑物,比较第一目标建筑物与第二目标建筑物是否为同一个建筑物; [0066] If the query to the first goal and the second goal of building buildings, building comparing the first goal and the second goal is the same whether building a building;

[0067] 若第一目标建筑物与第二目标建筑物为同一个建筑物,则以该同一个建筑物作为上行消息中WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的目标建筑物; [0067] When the first target and the second target structure is a building with a building, a building places the same message as the destination base station an uplink parameter WiFi parameters corresponding to the mobile communication network in the fingerprint database building ;

[0068] 否则,若第一目标建筑物与第二目标建筑物不是同一个建筑物,根据预设规定以第一目标建筑物或第二目标建筑物作为上行消息中WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的目标建筑物。 [0068] Otherwise, if the first target and the second target structure is not the same building a building, according to a preset predetermined first target to a second target building or in a building as an uplink message WiFi parameters to the mobile communication network the base station parameters corresponding fingerprint database in the target building.

[0069] 例如,可以预设规定,在连续多个上行消息中的WiFi参数均低于预设门限值时,以第二目标建筑物作为上行消息中WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的目标建筑物;否则,若不满足在连续多个上行消息中的WiFi参数均低于预设门限值,以第一目标建筑物作为上行消息中WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的目标建筑物。 [0069] For example, provision may be preset, WiFi parameters for a plurality of consecutive uplink messages are lower than a preset threshold, the second base station parameters to the target structure as an uplink message WiFi parameters in the mobile communication network fingerprint database corresponding to the target structure; otherwise, not satisfied in the plurality of consecutive uplink message WiFi parameters are lower than a preset threshold, the target structure as the first uplink message WiFi parameters in the mobile communication network the base station parameters corresponding fingerprint database in the target building.

[0070] 另外,图3所示实施例的302,具体可以通过如下方式实现: [0070] Further, the embodiment shown in FIG. 3 302, may specifically be realized by the following manner:

[0071] 查询指纹库中搜索待检特征向量,查询预设误差范围内是否存在与待检特征向量唯一匹配的标准特征指纹; [0071] The fingerprint database search query feature vector to be detected, the default query whether there is to be the subject feature vector unique characteristic fingerprint matching criteria within the error range;

[0072] 若在预设误差范围内存在与待检特征向量唯一匹配的标准特征指纹,执行查询各室内位置坐标与特征指纹之间的对应关系信息的操作; [0072] If the memory in a predetermined error range and to be the subject feature vector unique characteristic fingerprint matching criteria, perform a query operation information corresponding relationship between the position coordinates of the indoor fingerprint features;

[0073] 否则,若在预设误差范围内存在与待检特征向量匹配的多个标准特征指纹,从多个标准特征指纹中,获取包含待检特征向量中WiFi MAC值对应的室内位置中楼层号范围的第一标准特征指纹;从第一标准特征指纹中,获取包含待检特征向量中WiFi信号强度值对应的室内位置中房间号或公共空间名称范围的第二标准特征指纹;待检特征向量中移动通信网络的基站参数确定室内位置的朝向,并根据该朝向从第二标准特征指纹中选择第三标准特征指纹,作为与待检特征向量匹配的标准特征指纹,其中的第三标准特征指纹可以为一个或多个。 [0073] Otherwise, if the memory in a plurality of predetermined error range with the standard characteristic fingerprint to be the subject feature vector matching, standard features from the plurality of fingerprints, wherein the subject to be acquired comprises an indoor location WiFi MAC values ​​corresponding floor vector wherein the first standard number range of the fingerprint; fingerprint features from the first standard, the standard fingerprint features comprising obtaining a second specimen to be feature vector position indoor WiFi signal strength value corresponding to the room number, or the name of the public space range; to be detected wherein the base station in a mobile communication network parameter vector determined position toward the chamber, and a third criteria selection from the second standard fingerprint characteristic according to the orientation characteristic fingerprint, as a standard feature and to be the subject feature vector matching fingerprints, wherein the fingerprint third standard feature It may be one or more.

[0074] 例如,作为一个具体应用,若预设误差范围内存在与待检特征向量匹配的多个标准特征指纹,根据WiFi MAC值缩小楼层范围,即以上述待检特征向量的WiFi MAC值在指纹库中搜索出对应的楼层号范围;根据WiFi信号强度值缩小房间号或公共空间名称范围,即以待检特征向量的WiFi信号强度值在上一步标准特征指纹向量内搜索出对应的房间范围,也可能是建筑物外围边界或出入口及公共过道;根据基站参数进一步缩小范围,例如朝向等,即在上一步搜索所得结果仍然不唯一时,按照基站参数推算可能的朝向;在待检特征向量所有参数项都匹配完后仍然不能唯一确定待定位终端的室内位置时,将这些不能确定的多处位置向量称为“可能集”,计算待检特征向量与“可能集”内每个位置向量之间的相似度,采用“最小向量间距法”得到一个最大相似度的“可 [0074] For example, as a specific application, when the predetermined error range a plurality of standard memory and characteristic fingerprint to be the subject feature vector matching, WiFi MAC value according to the narrow range of floors, i.e., the above-described feature vector to be detected WiFi MAC values fingerprint database searched floor number corresponding to a range; narrow room number or public spaces namescope the signal strength values ​​WiFi, i.e. WiFi signal strength value detection feature to be vectors in a previous step standard characteristic fingerprint vector searched out of the room corresponding to a range , it may be a building or the entrance and the common peripheral boundary aisle; further narrow the base station parameters, like e.g. orientation, i.e. when the step is not unique search results are still obtained, in accordance with the parameters of the base station may be estimated in accordance with the orientation; the feature vector to be detected parameters match all items are still not uniquely determined after indoor location of the terminal to be positioned, these vectors can not be determined at various locations referred to as "possible set", to be detected is calculated feature vector "may be set" for each location within the vector similarity between, a "minimum distance vector method" to give a maximum similarity "can 能集”向量,即:获取与待检特征向量误差范围最小的标准特征向量,从而推测出被定位终端的室内位置坐标。 Can set "vectors, i.e.: acquiring object feature vector to be the smallest standard error of feature vectors, to be positioned so that estimated positional coordinates of the terminal chamber.

[0075] 由于待定位终端需要被获知其所处室内位置,可以称为被定位方,发起定位请求的一方,例如,移动终端、设备、业务平台等,称为定位方。 [0075] Since the positioning terminal needs to be known to be located indoors its position, can be positioned called party, the party initiating the positioning request, e.g., a mobile terminal device, service platform, called a locator side. 进一步地,定位平台得到待定位终端的定位结果或定位结果信息后,可以将该定位结果或定位结果信息发送给请求定位的定位方,例如,业务平台或待定位终端,业务平台可以进一步将该待定位终端的定位结果或定位结果信息转发给请求定位的第三方终端。 Further, after positioning the platform to be positioned to obtain a positioning result or the terminal positioning result information, can send the location result to the positioning, or positioning result information requests a location, e.g., service platform or terminal to be positioned, the service platform may be further forwarding the positioning result or a positioning result information of the terminal to be positioned to a third party requests positioning of a terminal. 待定位终端请求定位时,可以周期性的在所在位置获取多模信号后向定位平台发送上行消息,并接收定位平台返回的定位结果或定位结果信息,待定位终端与定位平台之间具体可以通过心跳包来进行信息交互。 Positioning terminal requests to be located, after acquiring periodically transmits signals to a multimode platform positioned at the location of the uplink message and receives a positioning result or a positioning result information returned from the positioning platform, specifically by the terminal to be positioned between the positioning platform heartbeat packets to exchange information. 实际业务中往往设立单独的业务平台,业务平台作响应第三方终端的请求,通过定位平台主动索取某个待移动终端的室内位置,相应的,待定位终端接收定位平台的指令,在所在位置获取多模信号并上传至定位平台,定位平台按照一定的算法获取待定位终端的室内位置坐标,并回送给业务平台,由业务平台回传给发起定位的第三方终端。 The actual service is often establish separate service platform, the service platform for the third party terminal in response to a request by a location platform initiative to obtain the indoor position of the mobile terminal to be, correspondingly, the terminal receives an instruction to be located positioning table, acquiring location multimode signals and uploaded to locate platform, indoor location positioning platform to obtain the coordinates of the terminal to be located in accordance with a certain algorithm, and back to the service platform, initiated by the service platform back to the third-party terminal location.

[0076] 图4为本发明定位平台一个实施例的结构示意图。 [0076] FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the embodiment of the invention the positioning platform. 该实施例的定位平台可用于实现本发明上述各基于多模信号的定位方法实施例中定位平台的相应功能。 Positioning platform of this embodiment may be used to implement the functions of the respective embodiments of the above-described embodiments positioning platform positioning method based on the multi-mode signal according to the present invention. 如图4所示,其包括接收单元401、第一存储单元402与匹配单元403。 4, which includes a receiving unit 401, a first storage unit 402 and the matching unit 403.

[0077] 其中,接收单元401,用于接收待定位终端在所在位置获取多模信号后发送的上行消息,其中,多模信号包括WiFi信号与移动通信网络信号,上行消息包括待定位终端获取到的多模信号信息,多模信号信息包括多模信号的类型与参数,多模信号的类型包括WiFi信号或移动通信网络信号,多模信号的类型为WiFi信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括WiFi参数,WiFi参数包括WiFi接入点地址编码WiFi MAC值与WiFi信号强度值,多模信号的类型为移动通信网络信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括移动通信网络的基站参数。 [0077] The receiving unit 401 for receiving an uplink message sent by the terminal to be positioned acquiring location multimode signal, wherein the multi-mode signal includes a WiFi signal and a mobile communication network signal, the uplink message including the acquired terminal to be positioned multimode signal information, the multi-mode signal information includes the type and parameters of the multi-mode signal, the type of multi-mode signal includes parameters WiFi signal or a mobile communication network signal, the multi-mode signal type multi-mode signal is a WiFi signal, corresponding to parameters including WiFi, WiFi parameters include a WiFi access point WiFi MAC address code value with the WiFi signal strength value, a signal parameter multimode type multi-mode signal is a mobile communication network signal, the base station corresponding to the parameter comprises a mobile communication network.

[0078] 具体地,作为本发明的一个具体实施例,其中的移动通信网络包括GSM、CDMA,WCDMA、与CDMA2000中的任意一种或多种。 [0078] In particular, as a specific embodiment of the present invention, which comprises a mobile communication network GSM, CDMA, WCDMA, CDMA2000 and any one or more of. 当前服务基站参数或相邻基站参数包括:当前服务基站或相邻基站的基站ID与在所在位置的信号强度Rx。 Current serving base station or neighboring base station parameter parameter comprising: a current serving base station or base station ID and the strength of the Rx signal at the adjacent location. [0079] 第一存储单元402,用于存储建筑物指纹库,指纹库中包括建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息。 [0079] The first storage unit 402 for storing the fingerprint database structures, the fingerprint database includes a corresponding relationship between the position coordinates of the standard interior features of the fingerprint of buildings, building information. 其中,标准特征指纹为在对应位置采集到的多模信号相关参数唯一组成的向量,多模信号相关参数包括在所在室内位置坐标处信号强度较大的L个WiFi参数、移动通信网络中的M个当前服务基站参数与每一个当前服务基站对应的N个相邻基站参数,WiFi参数包括WiFi SSID、WiFiMAC值与WiFi信号强度值,L、M、N分别为大于零的预设整数。 Wherein the vector is a standard feature of a fingerprint is collected at a corresponding position to a multimode signal parameters unique composition, the multi-mode signal includes M parameters in an indoor location where the signal strength of the L coordinate greater WiFi parameters, a mobile communication network a current serving base station and each of the parameters corresponding to a current serving base station N adjacent base station parameter, WiFi parameters include WiFi SSID, WiFiMAC value of the signal intensity values ​​WiFi, L, M, N are predetermined integers greater than zero.

[0080] 匹配单元403,用于将接收单元401接收到的上行消息中多模信号信息与指纹库中的标准特征指纹进行匹配,获取多模信号信息匹配的标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标,以该建筑物的室内位置坐标作为待定位终端的室内定位结果。 [0080] The matching unit 403, a standard fingerprint characteristic uplink message receiving unit 401 receives the information signals in the multimode of the fingerprint database for matching, obtaining the indoor standard multimode characteristic fingerprint information matches the signal corresponding to the building position coordinates, the position coordinates of the indoor room of the building as a result of the positioning of the terminal to be positioned.

[0081] 本发明上述实施例提供的定位平台,可以预先由在建筑物内的各位置采集到的一组多模信号相关参数,包括在所在室内位置坐标处信号强度较大的L个WiFi参数、移动通信网络中的M个当前服务基站参数与每一个当前服务基站对应的N个相邻基站参数,分别组成一个向量,即标准特征指纹,并在指纹库中建立建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息,在接收到待定位终端在所在位置获取多模信号后发送的上行消息时,将待定位终端获取的多模信号信息与建筑物指纹库中的标准特征指纹进行匹配,获取该多模信号信息匹配的标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标,以该建筑物的室内位置坐标作为待定位终端的室内定位结果,由于同时采用包括WiFi参数与移动通信网络中的基站参数在内的多模信号参数对待定位终端进行定 Location platform [0081] The present invention provides the above-described embodiment, may be previously collected by the respective positions within a building to a group of parameters related to multi-mode signals, including large L at a WiFi parameters for an indoor location where the signal intensity at coordinates , a mobile communication network base station currently serving the M parameter with the current serving base station corresponding to each of the N parameters of neighboring base stations, each composed of a vector, i.e., standard features of the fingerprint, and the fingerprint database build buildings, building interior multi-mode signal and building a fingerprint database information correspondence relationship between the position coordinates information of the standard features of a fingerprint, the uplink message sent after receiving the terminal to be located in the acquired location of the multimode signal, to be acquired in the positioning terminal standard features of a fingerprint match, obtaining position coordinates of the building interior multimode signal matching criteria characteristic fingerprint information corresponding to the position coordinates of the interior of the building as a result of indoor positioning terminal to be positioned, also employed include WiFi parameters the multimode base station signal parameters including parameters of a mobile communication network for the positioning terminal to treat a given ,从而提高了室内定位的精确度;并且,可以直接利用已有的通信设备与资源,无需专门投建,大幅度降低了室内精准定位的基础建设和运营成本。 To improve the accuracy of indoor location; and, can directly use the existing communication equipment and resources, without special investment to build, a significant reduction in the indoor precise positioning infrastructure and operating costs.

[0082] 图5为本发明定位平台另一个实施例的结构示意图。 [0082] FIG. 5 is positioned internet schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of the present invention. 与图4所示的实施例相比,该实施例的定位平台中,接收单元401还用于接收采集终端上报的各建筑物的各室内位置坐标以及各室内位置的一组多模信号相关参数。 A set of multi-mode signal parameters compared with the embodiment shown in FIG. 4, the positioning platform in the embodiment, the receiving unit 401 for receiving a further collection of various buildings reported by the terminal and the respective position coordinates of each of the indoor indoor location . 其中,室内位置包括建筑物的外部边界位置与外部边界以内的内部位置,外部边界位置可以包括建筑物名称、楼层号、方位、公共空间名称、与朝向等,内部位置可以包括建筑物名称、楼层号、房间号或公共空间名称、与朝向等。 Among them, an indoor location including external border location of the building and the internal position within the outer boundary, outer boundary location may include building name, floor number, position, name of public space, and toward the other interior location can include the name of the building, floor number, room number or the name of public space, and orientation and so on. 另外,参见图5,该实施例的定位平台还包括生成单元404与建立单元405。 Further, referring to Figure 5, the positioning platform of this embodiment further includes a unit 405 and 404 establish generating unit.

[0083] 其中,生成单元404,用于分别由接收单元401接收到的一组多模信号相关参数生成一个标准特征指纹。 [0083] wherein generating unit 404, a set of parameters related to multi-mode signals are received by the receiving unit 401 generates a standard fingerprint characteristic.

[0084] 建立单元405,用于根据接收单元401接收到的各建筑物的各室内位置坐标,以及生成单元404根据接收单元接收到的相应一组多模信号相关参数生成的标准特征指纹,在第一存储单元402存储的指纹库中建立建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息,以及在生成单元404生成同一建筑物在同一个室内位置坐标处的新标准特征指纹时,利用该新标准指纹更新指纹库中同一建筑物在同一个室内位置坐标处的标准特征指纹。 [0084] The establishing unit 405, a fingerprint according to position coordinates of each respective building indoor receiving unit 401 received, and a generation unit 404 according to a corresponding set of standard multi-mode signal receiving unit to generate feature parameters, in the first storage unit 402 stored in the fingerprint database to establish the building, correspondence information between the position coordinates of the standard interior features of the fingerprint of the building, and generating a new standard in the same chamber at the position coordinate generating unit 404 in the same building when the characteristic fingerprint, using this new standard fingerprint fingerprint database update standard feature in the same building with an indoor location coordinates of fingerprints.

[0085] 图6为本发明定位平台又一个实施例的结构示意图。 [0085] FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of the invention the positioning platform. 如图6所示,与本发明上述各实施例的定位平台相比,该实施例的定位平台还包括识别单元406与定位单元407。 6, as compared with the above-described embodiments of the positioning platform of the present invention, the positioning platform comprises a further embodiment of the positioning unit 406 and recognition unit 407.

[0086] 其中,识别单元406,用于识别接收单元401接收到的上行消息中,多模信号信息是否同时包括WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数。 [0086] wherein the recognition unit 406, an uplink message is received for identifying the receiving unit 401, signal information whether the multimode base station parameter includes both WiFi parameters to the mobile communication network.

[0087] 相应的,匹配单元403根据识别单元406的识别结果,具体在多模信号信息同时包括WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数时,将多模信号信息与指纹库中的标准特征指纹进行匹配。 [0087] Accordingly, the matching unit 403 according to the recognition result of the recognition unit 406, in particular when the multi-mode signal information includes both a base station parameter WiFi parameters to the mobile communication network, a standard characteristic fingerprint multimode signal information with the fingerprint database is match.

[0088] 定位单元407,用于根据识别单元406的识别结果,在多模信号信息仅包括WiFi参数时,从存储单元401存储的建筑物指纹库中,查询包括上行消息中性能较佳的最多L个WiFi参数的标准特征指纹,以该标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标作为待定位终端的室内定位结果;在多模信号信息仅包括移动通信网络的基站参数时,采用快速基站定位算法,根据多模信号信息中移动通信网络的基站参数对待定位终端进行定位。 [0088] The positioning unit 407, recognition result for the recognition unit 406, the multi-mode signal when the WiFi parameter information only includes, building from the storage unit 401 stored in the fingerprint database, a query message in the uplink includes the most preferred properties L WiFi standard fingerprint characteristic parameter, an indoor location coordinates corresponding to the standard fingerprint characteristic building an indoor location result of the terminal to be positioned; the multimode signal parameter information only includes a mobile communication network base station, the base station location using flash algorithm, treats the positioning terminal positioning parameters according to the multimode base station signal information of the mobile communication network.

[0089] 另外,再参见图6,作为定位平台的再一个具体实施例,还可以包括第二存储单元408与设置单元409。 [0089] Further, again see FIG. 6, as the repositioning of a platform embodiment may further include a second storage unit 408 and the unit 409 is provided.

[0090] 其中,第二存储单元408,用于存储建筑物属性信息库,该属性信息库包括各建筑物的各室内位置坐标对应的位置属性信息。 [0090] wherein the second storage unit 408 for storing attribute information of the building database, the attribute information database includes attribute information of each indoor location coordinate location corresponding to each building.

[0091] 设置单元409,用于从第二存储单元408存储的属性信息库中,获取匹配单元403或定位单元407得到的、作为待定位终端的室内定位结果的室内位置坐标对应的位置属性信息,根据作为待定位终端的室内定位结果的室内位置坐标与对应的位置属性信息生成预设形式的定位结果信息。 Location attribute information of [0091] setting unit 409, a second storage unit from the attribute information stored in the database 408, acquires the positioning unit 403 or the matching unit 407 obtained as a result of indoor positioning the terminal to be located in an indoor location coordinates corresponding to positioning result information generating preset in the form of an indoor location result according to the position of the terminal to be located in an indoor location coordinates corresponding to the attribute information.

[0092] 进一步地,再参见图6,作为定位平台的又一个具体实施例,还可以包括发送单元410,用于将匹配单元403或定位单元407得到的待定位终端的定位结果、或者设置单元409生成的定位结果信息,发送给请求定位的业务平台或待定位终端。 [0092] Further, again see FIG. 6, as a further particular embodiment of the positioning platform, it may further include a transmitting unit 410, the positioning result for the terminal to be positioned by the matching unit 403 or the positioning unit 407 to get or set the unit generated positioning result information 409, the positioning request is sent to the service platform or terminal to be positioned.

[0093] 图7为本发明基于多模信号的定位系统一个实施例的结构示意图。 [0093] FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of the positioning system of the invention the multi-mode signal based on an embodiment. 该实施例的定位平台可用于实现本发明上述各基于多模信号的定位方法实施例的流程。 Positioning platform of this embodiment may be used to implement the above-described embodiments of the positioning process multi-mode signal based on the present invention. 如图7所示,其包括待定位终端I与定位平台2。 As shown in FIG 7, comprising a terminal to be positioned and the positioning platform I 2.

[0094] 其中,待定位终端1,用于在所在位置获取多模信号并向定位平台发送上行消息,多模信号包括无WiFi信号与移动通信网络信号,上行消息包括待定位终端获取到的多模信号信息,多模信号信息包括多模信号的类型与参数,多模信号的类型包括WiFi信号或移动通信网络信号,多模信号的类型为WiFi信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括WiFi参数,WiFi参数包括WiFi MAC值与WiFi信号强度值,多模信号的类型为移动通信网络信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括移动通信网络的基站参数。 [0094] wherein a terminal to be positioned, configured to obtain a multi-mode signal to the positioning platform location to send the uplink message, the multi-mode signal includes no WiFi signal and a mobile communication network signal, the uplink message including the acquired terminal to be positioned more analog signal information, the multi-mode signal information includes the type and parameters of the multi-mode signal, the type of multi-mode signal includes WiFi signal or a mobile communication network signal, the type of multi-mode signal is a WiFi signal, parameters of the multi-mode signal corresponding to include WiFi parameters, WiFi parameters include WiFi MAC value with the WiFi signal strength value, the multimode type signal is a mobile communication network signal, the parameter signal corresponding to the multi-mode base station comprises a mobile communication network parameters.

[0095] 定位平台2,用于接收待定位终端I发送的上行消息,将上行消息中的多模信号信息与建筑物指纹库中的标准特征指纹进行匹配,获取多模信号信息匹配的标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标,以该建筑物的室内位置坐标作为待定位终端的室内定位结果。 Standard Features [0095] The location platform 2, to be positioned for receiving the uplink message sent by the terminal I, the uplink message in a standard fingerprint characteristic of a multimode signal information and building a fingerprint database by matching the multi-mode signal information acquisition matches building indoor location coordinates corresponding to the fingerprint, the position coordinates of the indoor room of the building as a result of the positioning of the terminal to be positioned. 其中,指纹库包括建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息,标准特征指纹为在对应位置采集到的多模信号相关参数唯一组成的向量,多模信号相关参数包括在所在室内位置坐标处信号强度较大的L个WiFi参数、移动通信网络中的M个当前服务基站参数与每一个当前服务基站对应的N个相邻基站参数,WiFi参数包括WiFiSSID、WiFiMAC值与WiFi信号强度值,L、M、N分别为大于零的预设整数。 Wherein the fingerprint database including buildings, interior vectors corresponding relationship between the position coordinates of the standard features of the fingerprint information of the building, wherein the standard fingerprint collected in the corresponding position of the multi-mode signal parameters unique composition, the multi-mode signal parameters including large L at a WiFi parameters for an indoor location where the signal strength coordinates, M parameters a current serving base station in a mobile communication network with a current serving base station corresponding to each of the N neighboring base station parameter, WiFi parameters include WiFiSSID, WiFiMAC value signal strength value WiFi, L, M, N are predetermined integers greater than zero.

[0096] 作为本发明的一个具体实施例,图7所述基于多模信号的定位系统中的定位平台具体可以采用本发明上述各实施例提供的定位平台的结构实现,作为一个示例,图7仅示出了定位平台采用图6所示实施例结构的一个具体实例。 [0096] As a specific embodiment of the present invention, the positioning system based on FIG. 7 in a multimode signal positioning platform specific configuration of the present invention may employ various embodiments of the positioning platform to achieve the above-described embodiments provide, as one example, FIG. 7 only shows a specific example of the positioning platform configuration of the embodiment shown in FIG.

[0097] 本发明上述实施例提供的基于多模信号的定位系统,可以预先在建筑物内的各位置采集到多模信号相关参数,包括在所在室内位置坐标处信号强度较大的L个WiFi参数、移动通信网络中的M个当前服务基站参数与每一个当前服务基站对应的N个相邻基站参数,并由每一组多模信号相关参数分别组成一个向量,即标准特征指纹,并在指纹库中建立建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息,在接收到待定位终端在所在位置获取多模信号后发送的上行消息时,将待定位终端获取的多模信号信息与建筑物指纹库中的标准特征指纹进行匹配,获取该多模信号信息匹配的标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标,以该建筑物的室内位置坐标作为待定位终端的室内定位结果,由于同时采用包括WiFi参数与移动通信网络中的基站参数在内 [0097] The present invention is a positioning system based on a multi-mode signal, each position may be previously acquired in the above embodiments provide a building into a multimode signal parameters, including signal strength in the chamber where the position coordinates of the larger the L WiFi parameters, parameter M a current serving base station in a mobile communication network with a current serving base station corresponding to each of the N neighboring base station parameter, the multimode signals by each set of parameters are associated to form a vector, i.e., standard features of the fingerprint, and fingerprint database to establish correspondence information between buildings, indoor location coordinates of the standard features of the fingerprint of the building, the uplink message sent after receiving the terminal to be located in the acquired location of the multimode signal, to be acquired by the positioning terminal multi-mode signal information with the standard features of the building fingerprint matching fingerprint database, obtaining position coordinates of the building interior multimode signal matching criteria characteristic fingerprint information corresponding to the position coordinates of the interior of buildings to be used as the positioning terminal indoor positioning result, since the base station comprises a parameter while using WiFi parameters to the mobile communication network, including 多模信号参数对待定位终端进行定位,从而提高了室内定位的精确度;并且,可以直接利用已有的通信设备与资源,无需专门投建,大幅度降低了室内精准定位的基础建设和运营成本。 Multimode signal parameters treat positioning terminal positioning, thereby improving the accuracy indoor location; and, can directly use the existing communication equipment and resources, without special investment to build, a significant reduction in the indoor precise positioning infrastructure and operating costs .

[0098] 图8为本发明基于多模信号的定位系统另一个实施例的结构示意图。 [0098] FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of a positioning system based on a multi-mode signal present invention. 与图7所示的实施例相比,该实施例基于多模信号的定位系统还可以包括采集终端3,用于对于各建筑物,分别采集各室内位置坐标并获取各室内位置的一组多模信号相关参数,以便定位平台2分别由一组多模信号相关参数生成一个标准特征指纹并在指纹库中建立建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息。 Compared to the embodiment shown in FIG. 7, this embodiment is a positioning system based on a multi-mode signal may further include an acquisition terminal 3 is configured for each building, each chamber were collected and acquires position coordinates of the respective positions of a set of multi-room mode signal parameters, in order to generate a positioning platform 2 standard fingerprint characteristic of a set of multi-mode signal and the parameters established in the fingerprint database building, a correspondence relationship between the position coordinates and indoor building standard fingerprint characteristic information.

[0099] 在本发明各实施例基于多模信号的定位系统中,具体可以由待定位终端I来发起定位流程,也可以由第三方终端来发起定位流程。 [0099] In various embodiments of the present invention based on the multi-mode positioning system signals, specifically the terminal location process is initiated by the I to be positioned, the positioning process may be initiated by the third-party terminal. 由待定位终端I发起定位流程时,待定位终端I还用于向定位平台2发送定位请求,并在接收到定位平台2返回的定位响应消息后,向定位平台2发送所述上行消息,另外也可以定期、主动向定位平台2发送所述上行消息。 When the terminal to be located by the positioning process initiated by I, the terminal I to be located further configured to send the location request to the positioning platform 2, and after receiving the response message returned from the positioning the positioning platform 2, to the location platform sends the uplink message 2, further It may also periodically sends the uplink message to the positioning platform 2. 相应的,定位平台2还用于接收待定位终端的定位请求,并将待定位终端I的定位结果发送给待定位终端I。 Accordingly, further positioning of the platform 2 to be located for positioning request receiving terminal, and sends the location result to the terminal I to be located terminal to be positioned I.

[0100] 由第三方终端来发起定位流程时,如图8所示,定位系统还可以包括业务平台与4第三方终端5。 When [0100] the third-party terminal to initiate a positioning process shown in Figure 8, the positioning system may further include a third-party terminal service platform 4 and 5. 其中,第三方终端5,用于向业务平台4发送对待定位终端I进行定位的定位请求,该定位请求中包括待定位终端I的用户标识,以及接收业务平台4发送的待定位终端I的定位结果。 Wherein the third-party terminal 5, 4 for transmitting the service platform to treat positioning terminal I for positioning the positioning request, the positioning request includes the terminal to be positioned user identifier I, and 4 to be positioned to receive transmitted service platform positioning terminal I result. 业务平台4,可以实现业务功能的封装,用于向定位平台2转发定位请求,接收定位平台2发送的待定位终端I的定位结果病转发给第三方终端5,可选地,还可以对请求定位的第三方用户进行业务鉴权、记录定位业务使用情况等,将具体化的定位业务接口隐藏起来,提供最终用户终端的访问接口。 Service platform 4, the package can be implemented business functions for the second transfer location request to the positioning platform, the platform receives positioning the terminal 2 to be transmitted is positioned forward I disease positioning results to a third party terminal 5, alternatively, the request may also be positioning a third party user service authentication, service usage records positioning the like, the positioning of the concrete service interface hide access interface provides the end-user terminal. 相应的,定位平台2还用于将待定位终端I的定位结果发送给业务平台4。 Accordingly, further positioning platform for positioning result 2 to be transmitted to the positioning terminal service platform I 4.

[0101] 本说明书中各个实施例均采用递进的方式描述,每个实施例重点说明的都是与其它实施例的不同之处,各个实施例之间相同或相似的部分相互参见即可。 [0101] In the present specification, various embodiments are described in a progressive way, differences from the embodiment described with other embodiments focus each embodiment, the same or similar parts between the respective embodiments can see each other. 对于装置、系统实施例而言,由于其与方法实施例基本相似,所以描述的比较简单,相关之处参见方法实施例的部分说明即可。 For the apparatus, system embodiments, since the method of the embodiment which is substantially similar, the description is relatively simple, the relevant part of the embodiment of the method embodiments to be described.

[0102] 本领域普通技术人员可以理解:实现上述方法实施例的全部或部分步骤可以通过程序指令相关的硬件来完成,前述的程序可以存储于一计算机可读取存储介质中,该程序在执行时,执行包括上述方法实施例的步骤;而前述的存储介质包括:R0M、RAM、磁碟或者光盘等各种可以存储程序代码的介质。 [0102] Those of ordinary skill in the art can be appreciated: realize all or part of the steps of the method described above may be implemented by a program instructing relevant hardware to complete, the program may be stored in a computer readable storage medium, the program execution when, comprising the step of performing the above-described embodiment of the method; and the storage medium comprising: a variety of medium may store program codes R0M, RAM, magnetic disk, or optical disk.

[0103] 本发明实施例提高了室内定位的精确度,并且,与现有技术采用室内布设定位传感器实现室内定位相比,可以直接利用已有的通信设备与资源,无需专门投建,大幅度降低了室内精准定位的基础建设和运营成本;本发明实施例的定位方法与系统一旦将覆盖范围扩展到绝大部分城市普通建筑物,则形成了一个社会化的室内定位公共服务平台,可用于各种应用需要,形成新经济模式的一个基础能力。 Example improve the accuracy indoor positioning [0103] the present invention, and, with the use of prior art position sensors laid indoors indoor positioning achieved compared directly with the communication device using the existing resources without special investment to build a substantial reduce the indoor precise positioning infrastructure and operating costs; embodiment of the present invention positioning method and system according to once extend coverage to most of the city general building, is the formation of a socialized public indoor location services platform for various applications, the ability to form the basis of a new economic model. 综上所述,利用本发明的定位方法与系统,可以形成一套响应速度快、准确率高、运营成本低廉、可普及的建筑物室内定位服务平台,为运营商开拓新的业务形式奠定基础,为满足用户多种形式的定位需求带来便利。 In summary, using the positioning method and system of the present invention can form a fast response speed, high accuracy, low operating cost, popular building indoor location services platform, open up new business form the foundation for operators to meet the needs of users locate various forms of convenience.

[0104] 本发明的描述是为了示例和描述起见而给出的,而并不是无遗漏的或者将本发明限于所公开的形式。 [0104] The present invention is described for sake of illustration and description is given, but not exhaustive or to limit the invention to the form disclosed. 很多修改和变化对于本领域的普通技术人员而言是显然的。 Many modifications and variations to those of ordinary skill in the art is obvious. 选择和描述实施例是为了更好说明本发明的原理和实际应用,并且使本领域的普通技术人员能够理解本发明从而设计适于特定用途的带有各种修改的各种实施例。 The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles and practical applications of the present invention and enable one of ordinary skill in the art to understand the invention for various design suited to the particular use with a variety of modified embodiments.

Claims (21)

1.一种基于多模信号的定位方法,其特征在于,包括: 定位平台接收待定位终端在所在位置获取多模信号后发送的上行消息,所述多模信号包括无线局域网WiFi信号与移动通信网络信号,所述上行消息包括所述待定位终端获取到的多模信号信息,所述多模信号信息包括多模信号的类型与参数,所述多模信号的类型包括WiFi信号或移动通信网络信号,所述多模信号的类型为WiFi信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括WiFi参数,所述WiFi参数包括WiFi接入点地址编码MAC值与WiFi信号强度值,所述多模信号的类型为移动通信网络信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括移动通信网络的基站参数; 所述定位平台将所述多模信号信息与建筑物指纹库中的标准特征指纹进行匹配,获取所述多模信号信息匹配的标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标,以该建筑物的室内位置坐 1. A positioning method based on multi-mode signal, characterized by comprising: receiving location platform to be located terminal obtains the uplink message sent after the location of the multimode signal, said signal comprising a multi-mode wireless LAN and a mobile communication signal WiFi network signal, the uplink message comprises a multi-mode terminal targeting signal information to be acquired, the information signal comprises a multi-mode multi-mode type of parameter signals, the multimode type signal comprises a mobile communication network or a WiFi signal signal, the multi-mode type signal is a WiFi signal, the parameter signal corresponding to the multimode parameters include WiFi, WiFi parameters comprise the WiFi access point MAC address value and the encoded value of the signal strength of WiFi, the multi-mode signal, when a mobile communication network signal type, parameters corresponding to the multimode signal includes a base station of a mobile communication network parameters; wherein said positioning platform standard fingerprint information of the multi-mode signal buildings fingerprint database by matching the acquired standard features of the fingerprint information matches multimode signal corresponding to the position coordinates of the building interior, the position of the sitting room of the building 作为所述待定位终端的室内定位结果,所述指纹库包括建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息,所述标准特征指纹为在对应位置采集到的多模信号相关参数唯一组成的向量,所述多模信号相关参数包括在所在室内位置坐标处信号强度较大的L个WiFi参数、移动通信网络中的M个当前服务基站参数与每一个当前服务基站对应的N个相邻基站参数,所述WiFi参数包括WiFi接入点名称SSID、WiFi MAC值与WiFi信号强度值,L、M、N分别为大于零的预设整数。 As a result of the indoor positioning terminal to be positioned, the fingerprint database includes a corresponding relationship between the position coordinates of the standard interior features of the fingerprint of buildings, building information, wherein said standard fingerprint is collected at the corresponding position multimode signal correlation vector composed only parameter, the multimode signal related parameters included in an indoor location where the signal strength at the coordinates of L larger WiFi parameters, a mobile communication network of the M parameter with the current serving base station for each base station corresponding to a current serving parameters of the N neighboring base stations, the WiFi parameters include WiFi access point name SSID, WiFi MAC value of the WiFi signal strength value, L, M, N are predetermined integers greater than zero.
2.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述移动通信网络包括全球移动通信系统GSM、码分多址CDMA系统、宽带码分多址WCDMA系统、与CDMA2000中的任意一种或多种; 所述当前服务基站参数或相邻基站参数包括:当前服务基站或相邻基站的基站标识与在所在位置的信号强度Rx。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein said mobile communication network comprises a Global System for Mobile GSM, code division multiple access CDMA system, a wideband code division multiple access WCDMA system, and any one or CDMA2000 more; the current serving base station or neighboring base station parameters comprise parameters: the current serving base station or base station identifier of the neighboring base station and the signal strength at the location of the Rx.
3.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括: 对于各建筑物,分别采集各室内位置坐标并获取各室内位置的一组所述多模信号相关参数,所述室内位置包括所述建筑物的外部边界位置与外部边界以内的内部位置,所述外部边界位置包括建筑物名称、楼层号、方位、公共空间名称、朝向,所述内部位置包括建筑物名称、楼层号、房间号或公共空间名称、与朝向; 分别由一组所述多模信号相关参数生成一个所述标准特征指纹; 在所述指纹库中建立建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息。 The method according to claim 2, characterized in that, further comprising: for each building, each chamber were collected and acquiring a position coordinate of said set of parameters of multi-mode signal relating to the position of the chamber, the chamber comprising a position boundary position outside the building with an inner position within the outer boundary, the outer boundary location comprises a building name, floor number, orientation, public name space, towards the interior of the location comprises a building name, floor number, room number or the name of a public space, and orientation; generate a standard feature of the fingerprint consists of a set of the multi-mode signal parameters; erection of a building in the fingerprint database, the position coordinates of the indoor standard fingerprint characteristic of a building the correspondence information.
4.根据权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,获取各室内位置的一组所述多模信号相关参数包括: 针对每一个室内位置,分别在正交方向采集四组多模信号相关参数; 获取四组多模信号相关参数的平均数据组,以该平均数据组作为所在室内位置的一组所述多模信号相关参数。 4. The method according to claim 3, wherein obtaining a set of respective indoor location parameters of the multi-mode signal comprises: a chamber for each position, were collected four parameters multimode signals in the orthogonal direction ; Get four average data set of multi-mode signal associated parameter set to the average data set as the position where indoor multimode signal parameters.
5.根据权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括: 按照预设周期获取各建筑物中各室内位置的一组所述多模信号相关参数,并分别生成一个所述标准特征指纹; 根据最新生成的标准特征,对所述指纹库中建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息进行更新。 5. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that, further comprising: obtaining a set of parameters related to the multi-mode signal in each building according to the location of the indoor preset period, and generate a fingerprint of the standard feature ; according to the standard identities of the latest generation, the building in the fingerprint database, a correspondence relationship between the position coordinates and the interior of the building standard fingerprint characteristic information is updated.
6.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,定位平台接收待定位终端在所在位置获取多模信号后发送的上行消息之后,还包括: 所述定位平台识别所述多模信号信息是否同时包括WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数; 若所述多模信号信息同时包括WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数,执行所述定位平台将所述多模信号信息与建筑物指纹库中的标准特征指纹进行匹配的操作; 否则,若所述多模信号信息仅包括WiFi参数,所述定位平台从建筑物指纹库中查询包括所述上行消息中性能较佳的最多L个WiFi参数的标准特征指纹,以该标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标作为所述待定位终端的室内定位结果;若所述多模信号信息仅包括移动通信网络的基站参数,所述定位平台采用快速基站定位算法,根据所述多模信号信息中移动通信网络的基站参数对所述待 After 6. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the positioning platform receives the positioning terminal obtains the uplink message to be sent after the location of the multimode signal, further comprising: positioning said multi-mode signal if the internet identification information the base station parameter includes both WiFi parameters to the mobile communication network; if the multi-mode signal includes a base station parameter information while WiFi parameters to the mobile communication network, the execution of the positioning platform multimode signal information of the fingerprint database building standard features fingerprint matching; otherwise, if the signal information includes only the multi-mode WiFi parameters, the positioning platform query fingerprint database from the building the uplink message comprising preferred performance up to a standard WiFi parameters L wherein a fingerprint, an indoor location coordinates corresponding to the standard fingerprint characteristic of a building to be an indoor positioning result of the positioning terminal; signal if the multi-mode base station parameter information only includes a mobile communication network, the base station positioning platform using flash positioning algorithm, according to the multi-mode base station parameter signal information to said mobile communication network to be 位终端进行定位。 Terminal to be positioned.
7.根据权利要求1至6任意一项所述的方法,其特征在于,将所述多模信号信息与建筑物指纹库中的特征指纹进行匹配,获取所述多模信号信息匹配的特征指纹对应的所述建筑物的室内位置坐标,以该建筑物的室内位置坐标作为所述待定位终端的室内定位结果包括: 确定上行消息中WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的目标建筑物,并由所述上行消息中性能较佳的最多L个WiFi参数、M个基站的基站参数、M个基站中每一个基站对应的最多N个相邻基站的基站参数,生成所述待定位终端的待检特征向量;从所述指纹库中获取与所述待检特征向量匹配的标准特征指纹; 查询各室内位置坐标与特征指纹之间的对应关系信息,获取与所述待检特征向量匹配的待检特征向量对应的室内位置坐标作为目标室内位置坐标; 以所述目标建筑物的所述目标室内 7. The method of any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the signal characteristic fingerprint information of the multi-mode library and building a fingerprint matching, the multi-mode signal acquiring feature information matches the fingerprint corresponding to position coordinates of the interior of the building, the indoor position coordinates of the building as a result of the chamber to be positioned in the positioning terminal comprising: a base station determining an uplink message parameter WiFi parameters in corresponding mobile communication network in the fingerprint library target structure, the uplink message by the preferred performance up to the L WiFi parameters, the base station parameter M base stations, base station M each base station corresponding to a maximum of N parameters of neighboring base stations, to generate the feature vector to be detected to be located in the terminal; obtaining from the fingerprint database to the feature vector to be detected characteristic fingerprint matching criteria; query correspondence relation information between each of the indoor position coordinate characteristic fingerprint, obtaining said object matching the feature vector to be detected indoor location coordinates as the target feature vectors corresponding indoor location coordinates; the target to the target building interior 置坐标作为所述待定位终端的室内定位结果。 As a result of position coordinates of the chamber to be positioned in the positioning terminal.
8.根据权利要求7所述的方法,其特征在于,确定上行消息中WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的目标建筑物包括: 查询上行消息中WiFi参数在指纹库中对应的第一目标建筑物,以及上行消息中移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的第二目标建筑物; 若查询到第一目标建筑物但未查询到第二目标建筑物,则以第一目标建筑物作为上行消息中WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的目标建筑物; 若未查询到第一目标建筑物但查询到第二目标建筑物,则以第二目标建筑物作为上行消息中WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的目标建筑物; 若查询到第一目标建筑物与第二目标建筑物,比较第一目标建筑物与第二目标建筑物是否为同一个建筑物;若第一目标建筑物与第二目标建筑物为同一个建筑物,贝1J以该同 8. The method according to claim 7, wherein the base station determines uplink message parameters WiFi parameters of the mobile communication network corresponding to the target structure in the fingerprint database comprising: a query message in an uplink WiFi parameters in the corresponding fingerprint database a first target structure, target structures and a second base station uplink message parameters of the mobile communication network corresponding to the fingerprint database; if the target structure but not the first query to a second query to the target structure, first places building the target structure as the target base station an uplink message parameters WiFi parameters corresponding to the mobile communication network in the fingerprint database; if not the first query to a second query to the target structure but the target structure, at a second target architecture was used as the target structure parameters WiFi base station an uplink message parameter corresponding to the mobile communication network in the fingerprint database; if the query to the first target and the second target structure building, comparing the first target and the second target building construction was the same whether a building; if the first target and the second target building a building of the same building, to the same shell 1J 个建筑物作为上行消息中WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的目标建筑物;否则,若第一目标建筑物与第二目标建筑物不是同一个建筑物,根据预设规定以第一目标建筑物或第二目标建筑物作为上行消息中WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的目标建筑物。 Building buildings target base station an uplink message parameters WiFi parameters corresponding to the mobile communication network in the fingerprint database; otherwise, if the first target and the second target structure is not the same building a building, according to a preset predetermined a first target or the second target structure building a building as a target base station an uplink message parameters WiFi parameters corresponding to the mobile communication network in the fingerprint database.
9.根据权利要求8所述的方法,其特征在于,根据预设规定以第一目标建筑物或第二目标建筑物作为上行消息中WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的目标建筑物包括: 在连续多个上行消息中的WiFi参数均低于预设门限值时,以第二目标建筑物作为上行消息中WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的目标建筑物;否则,以第一目标建筑物作为上行消息中WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数在指纹库中对应的目标建筑物。 9. The method according to claim 8, characterized in that, according to a preset predetermined first target building or a building as a target base station a second message in an uplink parameter WiFi parameters corresponding to the mobile communication network in the fingerprint library target structure comprising: WiFi parameters for a plurality of consecutive uplink messages are lower than a preset threshold value, the second target base station parameter as building an uplink message WiFi parameters corresponding to the mobile communication network in the fingerprint library target structure; otherwise, a building as a target to the first target base station uplink message parameters building WiFi parameters corresponding to the mobile communication network in the fingerprint database.
10.根据权利要求7所述的方法,其特征在于,从所述指纹库中获取与所述待检特征向量匹配的标准特征指纹包括: 查询所述指纹库中搜索所述待检特征向量,查询预设误差范围内是否存在与所述待检特征向量唯一匹配的标准特征指纹; 若在预设误差范围内存在与所述待检特征向量唯一匹配的标准特征指纹,执行所述查询各室内位置坐标与特征指纹之间的对应关系信息的操作; 否则,若在预设误差范围内存在与所述待检特征向量匹配的多个标准特征指纹,从所述多个标准特征指纹中,获取包含所述待检特征向量中WiFi MAC值对应的室内位置中楼层号范围的第一标准特征指纹;从第一标准特征指纹中,获取包含所述待检特征向量中WiFi信号强度值对应的室内位置中房间号或公共空间名称范围的第二标准特征指纹;根据所述待检特征向量中移动通信网络的基 Standard features of the fingerprint 10. The method according to claim 7, wherein obtaining the feature vector to be detected from the matching fingerprint database comprises: querying the database search for the fingerprint feature vector to be detected, query whether there is preset to be the subject feature vector of the unique features of the fingerprint matching criteria within an error range; if the memory in a predetermined error range of each chamber in the query vector and the feature to be detected unique characteristic fingerprint matching criteria, performed operation information corresponding relationship between the position coordinates of characteristic fingerprints; otherwise, if the memory in a plurality of predetermined error range of the standard features to be detected fingerprint feature vector matching fingerprint from the plurality of standard features, the acquisition wherein the first standard number range fingerprint indoor floor position corresponding WiFi MAC value included in the feature vector to be detected; fingerprint features from the first standard, comprising obtaining a feature vector to be detected corresponding to the WiFi signal strength value of the room second standard fingerprint characteristic room number or location name of the public space range; according to the group to be the subject feature vector mobile communication network 参数确定室内位置的朝向,并根据该朝向从第二标准特征指纹中选择第三标准特征指纹,作为与所述待检特征向量匹配的标准特征指纹,所述第三标准特征指纹为一个或多个。 Parameter determining position toward the chamber, and a third criteria selection from the second standard fingerprint characteristic features of the fingerprint according to the orientation of said object as a standard feature of a feature vector matching fingerprint, the fingerprint is a standard feature of the third or a.
11.根据权利要求1至6任意一项所述的方法,其特征在于,获得所述待定位终端的室内定位结果之后,还包括: 从建筑物属性信息库获取作为所述待定位终端的室内定位结果的室内位置坐标对应的位置属性信息,根据所述作为所述待定位终端的室内定位结果的室内位置坐标与对应的位置属性信息生成预设形式的定位结果信息。 After 11. A method according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the location result to be obtained indoor positioning terminal, further comprising: acquiring the room as the terminal to be positioned from the building attribute information base location attribute information of the positioning result of an indoor location corresponding to the coordinates, the position of the chamber as a result of the positioning of the terminal to be located indoor position coordinates corresponding to the attribute information to generate positioning result information in the form of a preset.
12.—种定位平台,其特征在于,包括: 接收单元,用于接收待定位终端在所在位置获取多模信号后发送的上行消息,所述多模信号包括无线局域网WiFi信号与移动通信网络信号,所述上行消息包括所述待定位终端获取到的多模信号信息,所述多模信号信息包括多模信号的类型与参数,所述多模信号的类型包括WiFi信号或移动通信网络信号,所述多模信号的类型为WiFi信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括WiFi参数,所述WiFi参数包括WiFi接入点地址编码MAC值与WiFi信号强度值,所述多模信号的类型为移动通信网络信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括移动通信网络的基站参数; 第一存储单元,用于存储建筑物指纹库,所述指纹库中包括建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息,所述标准特征指纹为在对应位置采集到的多模信号相关参数 12.- species positioning platform, characterized by comprising: a receiving unit for receiving the positioning terminal obtains the uplink message to be sent after the location of the multimode signal, said signal comprising a multi-mode WiFi wireless local area network signals with a mobile communication network signal the uplink message comprises a multi-mode terminal targeting signal information to be acquired, the information signal comprises a multi-mode multi-mode type of parameter signals, the multimode type WiFi signal or signals comprises a mobile communication network signal, when the signal is multi-mode type WiFi signal, the parameter signal corresponding to the multimode parameters include WiFi, WiFi parameters comprise the WiFi access point MAC address code value with the WiFi signal strength value, the multimode type signal is when a mobile communication network signal, the parameter signal corresponding to the multi-mode base station comprises a mobile communication network parameters; a first storage unit for storing the fingerprint database structures, the fingerprint database includes position coordinates of the building interior, the building correspondence information, wherein said standard fingerprint collected in the corresponding position of the multi-mode signal between the standard parameters characteristic fingerprint 唯一组成的向量,所述多模信号相关参数包括在所在室内位置坐标处信号强度较大的L个WiFi参数、移动通信网络中的M个当前服务基站参数与每一个当前服务基站对应的N个相邻基站参数,所述WiFi参数包括WiFi接入点名称SSID、WiFi MAC值与WiFi信号强度值,L、M、N分别为大于零的预设整数; 匹配单元,用于将所述多模信号信息与所述指纹库中的标准特征指纹进行匹配,获取所述多模信号信息匹配的标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标,以该建筑物的室内位置坐标作为所述待定位终端的室内定位结果。 The only vector consisting of parameters of the multi-mode signal includes N M-th current serving base station location parameters in the room where the signal intensity at coordinates larger the L WiFi parameters, a mobile communication network, with each base station corresponding to a current serving neighboring base station parameter, the WiFi parameters include WiFi access point name SSID, WiFi MAC value and the signal strength values ​​WiFi, L, M, N are predetermined integers greater than zero; matching unit for the multi-mode standard standard fingerprint characteristic features of the fingerprint signal information matches the fingerprint database, obtaining information of the multi-mode matching signal corresponding to the position coordinates of the building interior, the indoor position coordinates of the building as the terminal to be positioned indoor positioning results.
13.根据权利要求12所述的定位平台,其特征在于,所述移动通信网络包括GSM、CDMA系统、WCDMA系统、与CDMA2000中的任意一种或多种; 所述当前服务基站参数或相邻基站参数包括:当前服务基站或相邻基站的基站标识与在所在位置的信号强度Rx。 13. The positioning table as claimed in claim 12, wherein said mobile communications network includes GSM, CDMA system, WCDMA system, and any one or more of CDMA2000; the current serving base station or neighboring parameters the base station parameters include: a current serving base station or base station identifier of the neighboring base station and the signal strength at the location of the Rx.
14.根据权利要求13所述的定位平台,其特征在于,所述接收单元还用于接收采集终端上报的各建筑物的各室内位置坐标以及各室内位置的一组所述多模信号相关参数,所述室内位置包括所述建筑物的外部边界位置与外部边界以内的内部位置,所述外部边界位置包括建筑物名称、楼层号、方位、公共空间名称、朝向,所述内部位置包括建筑物名称、楼层号、房间号或公共空间名称、与朝向; 所述定位平台还包括: 生成单元,用于分别由一组所述多模信号相关参数生成一个所述标准特征指纹; 建立单元,用于在所述指纹库中建立建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息,以及在生成单元生成同一建筑物在同一个室内位置坐标处的新标准特征指纹时,利用该新标准指纹更新所述指纹库中同一建筑物在同一个室内位置坐标处的标 14. The positioning platform according to claim 13, wherein the receiving unit is further configured to receive a plurality of said multi-mode acquisition signal related parameters position coordinates of each of the indoor reported by the terminal building and the location of each chamber the outer boundary of the chamber comprises a position location of the building with an inner position within the outer boundary, the outer boundary location comprises a building name, floor number, orientation, public name space, towards the interior of the building location comprises name, floor number, room number, or the name of a public space, and orientation; positioning said platform further comprising: a generating unit configured to generate a fingerprint of the standard features of a set of the multi-mode signal parameters; establishing unit, with in the erection of a building in the fingerprint database, correspondence information between the position coordinates of the standard interior features of the fingerprint of the building, and at the same building feature generation unit generates the new fingerprint in the standard position coordinates of the same chamber, with this new standard fingerprint updates the fingerprint database in the same building in the same room at the standard position coordinates 特征指纹。 Characteristic fingerprint.
15.根据权利要求12至14任意一项所述的定位平台,其特征在于,还包括: 识别单元,用于识别所述多模信号信息是否同时包括WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数; 匹配单元具体在所述多模信号信息同时包括WiFi参数与移动通信网络的基站参数时,将所述多模信号信息与所述指纹库中的标准特征指纹进行匹配; 定位单元,用于根据所述识别单元的识别结果,在所述多模信号信息仅包括WiFi参数时,从建筑物指纹库中查询包括所述上行消息中性能较佳的最多L个WiFi参数的标准特征指纹,以该标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标作为所述待定位终端的室内定位结果;在所述多模信号信息仅包括移动通信网络的基站参数时,采用快速基站定位算法,根据所述多模信号信息中移动通信网络的基站参数对所述待定位终端进行定位。 15. The positioning platform 12 to 14, according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that, further comprising: identifying means for identifying whether the information signal while the multi-mode base station includes a parameter WiFi parameters to the mobile communication network; Match DETAILED unit when the information signal while the multi-mode base station includes a parameter WiFi parameters to the mobile communication network, the fingerprint of the standard features of the multimode signal information matches the fingerprint database; positioning means, according to the recognition result of the recognition unit, when the multi-mode signal includes only the WiFi parameter information, building a query from the fingerprint database includes a preferred message in the uplink performance characteristic fingerprints most L standard WiFi parameters to the standard feature corresponding to the position coordinates of the fingerprint indoor building an indoor positioning result of the terminal to be positioned; signal when the multi-mode base station parameter information only includes a mobile communication network, the base station using fast positioning algorithm, according to the multi-mode information signal the base station parameters of a mobile communication network of the terminal to be positioned is positioned.
16.根据权利要求15所述的定位平台,其特征在于,还包括: 第二存储单元,用于存储建筑物属性信息库,所述属性信息库包括各建筑物的各室内位置坐标对应的位置属性信息; 设置单元,用于从所述属性信息库获取作为所述待定位终端的室内定位结果的室内位置坐标对应的位置属性信息,根据所述作为所述待定位终端的室内定位结果的室内位置坐标与对应的位置属性信息生成预设形式的定位结果信息。 16. The positioning platform according to claim 15, characterized in that, further comprising: a second storing unit for storing the attribute information of the building database, the attribute information library includes an indoor location coordinates of each location corresponding to each building attribute information; and setting means for acquiring attribute information of an indoor position of the positioning result of the positioning terminal to be a position corresponding to the coordinates of the chamber from the attribute information database, according to the chamber as a result of the chamber to be positioned in the positioning terminal attribute information of the position corresponding to position coordinates generated positioning result information in the form of a preset.
17.根据权利要求15所述的定位平台,其特征在于,还包括: 发送单元,用于将所述待定位终端的定位结果发送给请求定位的业务平台或所述待定位终端。 17. The positioning platform according to claim 15, characterized in that, further comprising: transmitting means for transmitting positioning results of the positioning terminal to be positioned to the requesting service platform or the terminal to be positioned.
18.一种基于多模信号的定位系统,其特征在于,包括: 待定位终端,用于在所在位置获取多模信号并向定位平台发送上行消息,所述多模信号包括无线局域网WiFi信号与移动通信网络信号,所述上行消息包括所述待定位终端获取到的多模信号信息,所述多模信号信息包括多模信号的类型与参数,所述多模信号的类型包括WiFi信号或移动通信网络信号,所述多模信号的类型为WiFi信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括WiFi参数,所述WiFi参数包括WiFi接入点地址编码MAC值与WiFi信号强度值,所述多模信号的类型为移动通信网络信号时,对应的多模信号的参数包括移动通信网络的基站参数; 定位平台,用于接收所述上行消息,将所述多模信号信息与建筑物指纹库中的标准特征指纹进行匹配,获取所述多模信号信息匹配的标准特征指纹对应的建筑物的室内位置坐标, 18. A positioning system based on multi-mode signal, characterized by comprising: a terminal to be positioned, configured to obtain a multi-mode signal to the positioning platform sends an uplink location message, including the multi-mode wireless local area network signals and WiFi signals a mobile communication network signal, the uplink message comprises a multi-mode terminal targeting signal information to be acquired, the information signal comprises a multi-mode multi-mode type of parameter signals, the multimode type signal comprises a mobile or WiFi signal communication network signal, the signal type is the multi-mode WiFi signal, the parameter signal corresponding to the multimode parameters include WiFi, WiFi parameters comprise the WiFi access point MAC address value and the encoded value of the signal strength of WiFi, the multimode type signal is a mobile communication network signal, the parameter signal corresponding to the multi-mode base station comprises a mobile communication network parameters; positioning platform, for receiving the uplink message, the multi-mode signal with information in the fingerprint database building standard features of a fingerprint match, obtaining position coordinates of the standard interior features of said multi-mode signal corresponding to the fingerprint information that matches the building, 以该建筑物的室内位置坐标作为所述待定位终端的室内定位结果,所述指纹库包括建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息,所述标准特征指纹为在对应位置采集到的多模信号相关参数唯一组成的向量,所述多模信号相关参数包括在所在室内位置坐标处信号强度较大的L个WiFi参数、移动通信网络中的M个当前服务基站参数与每一个当前服务基站对应的N个相邻基站参数,所述WiFi参数包括WiFi接入点名称SSID、WiFi MAC值与WiFi信号强度值,L、M、N分别为大于零的预设整数。 The indoor position coordinates of the building as a result of the chamber positioned to be located terminal, the fingerprint database includes a corresponding relationship between the position coordinates of the standard interior features of the fingerprint of buildings, building information, wherein said standard fingerprint vector position corresponding to the acquired unique parameters related to the multi-mode signal component, said multimode signal parameters comprises M current serving base station in an indoor location where the signal strength of the L coordinate greater WiFi parameters, a mobile communication network each parameter corresponds to a current serving base station N adjacent parameters, the WiFi parameters include WiFi access point name SSID, WiFi MAC value and the signal strength values ​​WiFi, L, M, N are integers greater than zero preset .
19.根据权利要求18所述的系统,其特征在于,所述定位平台具体为权利要求12至17任意一项所述的定位平台。 19. The system according to claim 18, wherein said positioning platform is particularly claims 12 to 17 is positioned in any one of the internet.
20.根据权利要求19所述的系统,其特征在于,还包括: 采集终端,用于对于各建筑物,分别采集各室内位置坐标并获取各室内位置的一组所述多模信号相关参数,以便所述定位平台分别由一组所述多模信号相关参数生成一个所述标准特征指纹并在所述指纹库中建立建筑物、建筑物的室内位置坐标与标准特征指纹之间的对应关系信息。 20. The system according to claim 19, characterized in that, further comprising: acquisition terminal configured for each building, each chamber were collected and acquiring a position coordinate of said set of parameters of multi-mode signal relating to the position of the chamber, so that the positioning of the platform generates a standard fingerprint characteristic of a group of said multi-mode signal and to establish the parameters of the building in the fingerprint database, a correspondence relationship between the position coordinates of the standard interior features of the fingerprint information of the building .
21.根据权利要求19所述的系统,其特征在于,所述定位平台还用于接收所述待定位终端的定位请求,并将所述待定位终端的定位结果发送给所述待定位终端;或者所述系统还包括业务平台与第三方终端; 所述第三方终端,用于向业务平台发送对所述待定位终端进行定位的定位请求,所述定位请求中包括所述待定位终端的用户标识,以及接收所述业务平台发送的所述待定位终端的定位结果; 所述业务平台,用于向所述定位平台转发所述定位请求,接收所述定位平台发送的所述待定位终端的定位结果并转发给所述第三方终端; 所述定位平台还用于将所述待定位终端的定位结果发送给所述业务平台。 21. The system according to claim 19, wherein said positioning platform is further for receiving a positioning request of the terminal to be positioned and the positioning result of the positioning terminal to be sent to the terminal to be positioned; or said system further comprises a service platform with a third-party terminal; the third party terminal, to be used for the positioning transmits the positioning request for positioning of the terminal to the service platform, the location request comprises the user terminal to be positioned identifying, locating and receiving the result of the service platform to be transmitted by the positioning terminal; and the service platform for forwarding the location request to the positioning platform, said platform receiving the transmitted positioning of the terminal to be positioned and forwarding the location result to the third-party terminal; positioning said platform is further configured to send the location result to be located terminal to the service platform.
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