CN102332056A - Information visualization technology-based house property data visualization system - Google Patents

Information visualization technology-based house property data visualization system Download PDF

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CN102332056A
CN102332056A CN201110294284A CN201110294284A CN102332056A CN 102332056 A CN102332056 A CN 102332056A CN 201110294284 A CN201110294284 A CN 201110294284A CN 201110294284 A CN201110294284 A CN 201110294284A CN 102332056 A CN102332056 A CN 102332056A
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data
visualization
map
coordinate axis
rectangular block
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CN201110294284A
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CN102332056B (en
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梁荣华
余乐伟
孙国道
何贤国
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浙江工业大学
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Abstract

The invention discloses an information visualization technology-based house property data visualization system, which comprises a premise map visualization component, a tree graph visualization component, a parallel coordinate visualization component, a time flow graph visualization component and a collaborative analysis component, wherein the premise map visualization component is used for labeling actual geographical positions of various on-sale premises on a map according to the map and the geographical position data of the premises; the tree graph visualization component is used for indicating a premise by a rectangular diamond, and showing a certain numeric data of a corresponding premise by the color or area of the rectangular diamond; the parallel coordinate visualization component is used for visualizing multi-dimensional data; the time flow graph visualization component is used for visualizing timing data by using a time flow graph; and the collaborative analysis component is used for closely connecting various visualization components and correspondingly displaying different visualization effects of selected data in other components in real time when a user performs different selection operation in different visualization components. The information visualization technology-based house property data visualization system has the advantages of uniform data drawing, dynamic display, and high mining capacity and interactivity.

Description

House property data visualisation system based on the information visualization technology

Technical field

The present invention relates to the information visualization and the visual analysis technology of multi-field intersections such as computer graphics, man-machine interaction and psychology, especially a kind of house property data visualisation system.

Background technology

Information visualization is the new development of visualization technique, and it extends to the large database field with visualization technique from the science computing field, through the data item in the database being converted into the form of graph image, finds the contact and the rule of development that data are inherent.Along with the capacity of data set constantly increases, the improving constantly of complicacy (like dimension), use traditional data analysis and Data Mining Tools to carry out Treatment Analysis, seemed unable to do what one wishes, therefore needs more effective and efficient manner come data are carried out visual analysis.Information visualization is to utilize computer graphics and image processing techniques that abstract data is displayed in visual form, and is auxiliary with corresponding interaction technique, finally reaches to strengthen the cognitive purpose of user.Utilize information visualization to carry out visual analysis, can help people:

1) synthetic numerous and diverse, dynamic and have ambiguity and conflicting data, and therefrom obtain deep understanding to data;

2) detect the result that expection is hoped, find unknown trend and phenomenon;

3) provide data in real time, reliable, intelligible assessment;

4) through coordination technique, with other people collaborative analysis and evaluation result.

In the China of current rapid economic development, real estate flourish.Calendar year 2001, in order to boost consumption, real-estate market is develop rapidly also along with the rapid development of China's economic, and is more and more flourishing.Be the large turn point of Chinese real estate in April, 2003, and the room rate that constantly soars makes that common people are unable and bear that Chinese Government has implemented macro adjustment and control policy for this reason, and in July in the same year, national government takes up again in rectifying land market.Nation-building in January, 2007 portion formally begins standard estate agent industry.State General Taxation Administration's another beginning of taking turns macro adjustments and controls in 2007 of having cleared this behave sign of increment tax on land value again simultaneously.March this year, Central Bank increased the interest in 2007 once more; June, China government was through strengthening that thereby the overheated situation of real-estate market foreign capitals is further controlled in the management of foreign capitals; This a series of behave has all ensured common people's people's livelihood problem nothing but, and having solved common people does not have the available problem in room.In January, 2008, State Council issued that severe strike of a series of relevant policies hoards land.2010, various places government put into effect the house limit and purchases order, the strict family's house-purchase tricks of controlling.

Real estate becomes one of mainstay industry of China to a certain extent; But its bad development trend produces harmful effect to the economic development of China; Thereby in country to the macro adjustments and controls of real estate with under the economic self-control of real-estate market, make to the analysis of real estate data and deeply excavated a vital task that develops in a healthy way into this industry of current promotion.The present invention is an example with the Hangzhou real estate; Relate to ground in the visualization technique and learn technology such as visual, parallel coordinates, tree graph, time flow graph; Be intended to through visual analysis, and assist and excavate the important information that comprises in the house property data with user interactions to Hangzhou real estate data.The present invention analyzes the current developing state of house property and promotes that house property already develops in a healthy way all significant house purchaser and real estate researchist.

Current to not enough to the main following points of real estate visualization of data mode:

1) the house property data directly are plotted on the map, as the building nodal information directly is plotted on the map, with the average price of color showing building (perhaps other information such as on sale, do not sell etc.).When building quantity was too much, mixed and disorderly phenomenon will appear drawing in this single mode, also is not easy to the user and selects interested building.

What 2) the current time for the house property data changed is visual; What often adopt is more single broken line graph; As draw each block of city (or building) variation of average price (or housing sale quantity) in recent years; When block or building quantity more for a long time, mixed and disorderly situation can appear drawing equally, the user is difficult to intuitively find out the trend of each data item.

3) current real estate data visualization mode often is on the static visual presentation, lacks and explores mining ability, lacks the mutual of user, and very difficult discovery is hidden in the information and the knowledge of the unknown in the data.

4) be difficult between visual each assembly connect, lack the collaborative ability of analyzing, information, knowledge, evidence, the judgement of being correlated with data are transmitted between different assemblies, make to be difficult to go deep into the information in the mining data.

Summary of the invention

For the data that overcome existing existing house property visualization technique are drawn chaotic, static show, lack mining ability, the relatively poor deficiency of interactivity, the house property data visualisation system based on the information visualization technology that the present invention provides a kind of data to draw unification, Dynamic Display, have good mining ability and interactivity.

The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:

A kind of house property data visualisation system based on the information visualization technology, said house property data visualisation system comprises:

Building map visualization assembly; In order to according to map and building geographic position data; On map, mark out the actual geographic position that each sells building, the user browses, inquires about all building positional informations on map, specifies the outstanding or hiding demonstration of certain some building; On map operation, user's convergent-divergent, moving map arbitrarily checks detailed house location; When the user selected a certain building label, map components presented hiding Info of this house with the prompting frame mode, and said hiding Info comprises price, opening quotation time and area;

The tree graph visualization component; Represent a building in order to adopt a rectangular block; With a certain numeric type data that the color or the area size of rectangular block are showed corresponding building, its spacial flex utilization factor of 100% of tree graph makes it can disposable all buildings be plotted in the rectangular area of appointment; Adopt the prosization layout type; This layout type makes the length breadth ratio of all rectangular blocks level off to 1 as far as possible; When in the current generation display area, obtaining length breadth ratio with respect to being favourable on last stage behind the new adding rectangular block, so just continue to add rectangular block; Otherwise just finish the current generation, begin new next stage, so recurrence is gone down; Adopt the spacial ordering layout type, use the data projection technology of the original geographic map shaped position of skew, make the placement position of rectangular block in the tree graph near the position in the actual map;

The parallel coordinates visualization component is used for visual multidimensional data, and parallel coordinates is through drawing n bar parallel coordinate axes, each data item according to the size distribution of its each property value on each coordinate axis, thereby form broken line across n bar parallel coordinate axes;

Time flow graph visualization component, in order to the next visual time series data of flow graph service time, the time flow graph is with a certain coordinate axis express time; Time from left to right or from top to bottom increases progressively successively; Evenly distribute, another coordinate axis is represented the numerical values recited of data item, and each data band is represented a data item; The width means numerical value item size of data band shows the relative size between the different pieces of information item through the form that is layering; Adopt the storehouse layout type, the baseline that the data band used on each time is unanimity; Adopt the symmetric configuration mode, let each data strip be directed to a certain axis symmetry up and down;

Collaborative analytic unit in order to closely to connect each visualization component, when the user carries out different selection operations at different visualization components, shows the different effect of visualization of selected data accordingly in real time in other assembly.

Further; In the said tree graph visualization component, in the ordering of rectangular block, the tree graph visualization component adopts a certain attribute of area size expression of rectangular block; And on display area, rectangular block is arranged from the upper left corner to the lower right corner according to the area size; Through such sortord, the significantly outstanding bigger rectangular block of area supplies user's emphasis to select to check;

Adopt the shade of rectangular block to represent a certain attribute; And on display area, rectangular block is arranged from the upper left corner to the lower right corner according to shade; Through such sortord; Can significantly distinguish the rectangular block of different colours, and present a kind of transition trend, the confession user selects corresponding block and checks.

Further again, in the said parallel coordinates visualization component, adopt coordinate axis to reset, through choosing a certain coordinate axis, and be dragged near another coordinate axis, can realize the exchange of two coordinate axis positions;

Adopt the coordinate axis convergent-divergent to regulate the maximin of coordinate axis scope, change the max min of coordinate axis scope simultaneously or only change the coordinate axis scope maximum minimum value, same coordinate axis convergent-divergent changes the distribution of data item in parallel coordinates;

Adopt the brush technology, choose a certain numerical range on a certain coordinate axis, and then it is light in parallel coordinates, will to belong to the data item height of this numerical range, is convenient to the user and checks that these data item distribute on other dimensions.

Technical conceive of the present invention is: ground is learned visual in order to the visual exploration of geodata, analysis, synthetic and represent, and focuses on the dynamic map of traditional visual heuristic process of support.It is that its technology derives from a plurality of fields that a visual distinguishing feature is learned on ground, like fields such as geography, geography information science, cartography, data minings.

Have 80% to comprise georeferencing information (like geographic coordinate, address, postcode etc.) in the data that produce in the world today according to estimates.Through georeferencing information, can a large amount of different information integrations be got up, the different pieces of information that is about on the same space is assembled altogether.Traditional static map is limited to the interpretability of data, and ground is learned and visually can be realized the map dynamic more, that interactivity is stronger, as the different levels that consult a map, amplifies the visual presentation that dwindles map and change map etc.The Visual Implementation has been learned on ground a series of cartography technology and practice technology can be in real time shows dynamic map data according to user's selection, and wherein the most representative visual means is the map shows mode.

Parallel coordinates (Parallel Coordinates) is one of field important technologies such as information visualization, visual analysis, in order to visual multidimensional data.Parallel coordinates is through drawing n bar parallel coordinate axes, and with data map to two dimensional surface, each coordinate axis is represented a dimension, the span of this dimension from the minimum value to the maximal value, evenly distributing on this coordinate axis (or otherwise distributing).Therefore, for each data item, just can represent that similar data item will obtain similar broken line with a broken line across n bar parallel coordinate axes.Parallel coordinates provides brush technology, coordinate axis to reset interaction techniques such as (dimension rearrangement), coordinate axis convergent-divergent, makes people can more in depth excavate high dimensional data.In the epoch of current " data explosion ", parallel coordinates has become one of the mainstream technology in fields such as information visualization, visual analysis.

Tree graph is a kind of technology with the visual hiberarchy data of rectangle level nested mode; Rectangle node size, color and layout type can be (big or small like numerical value in order to the attribute of expression data; Locus etc.); Tree graph is the information visualization method that can present high hierarchical data effectively, draws the total data level through the rectangle node, can use spacial flex in 100% ground.

It is hiberarchy datas that information world has a large portion data, when data scale hour people can understand them intuitively, but when data scale increases, membership credentials between data and the information that is comprised just can become complicacy, be prone to obscure.Tree graph provides a kind of visual angle of checking whole hierarchical organizations on the whole, and it has utilized the display area of appointment efficiently and clear and definite structural information can be provided and text message that node comprises.Compare with problems such as traditional static presentation layer aggregated(particle) structure data method (like traditional tree structure) space availability ratio is low, interactivity differences; The mutual control of tree graph makes that the user can designated data structure (degree of depth, border) and content (show that attribute such as color draw), carries out visual analysis effectively.

The time flow graph is in order to visual time series data; In cartesian coordinate system, the time flow graph is with a coordinate axis express time dimension, and the another one coordinate axis is represented the numerical values recited of data item; Each data band is represented a data item; And use various colors to distinguish, and this data item of the width means of band size at a time, width changes along with change of time.

The time flow graph has improved traditional storehouse figure (Stacked Graph); It shows each data band with a kind of special organic form; But strengthened the identification of each data band greatly; Strengthen aesthetic property simultaneously, overcome traditional broken line graph under the susceptible condition of data volume, occurred mixed and disorderly situation easily.

Beneficial effect of the present invention mainly shows: data are drawn unification, Dynamic Display, are had good mining ability and interactivity.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is based on the Organization Chart of the house property data visualisation system of information visualization technology.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is further described.

With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of house property data visualisation system based on the information visualization technology, said house property data visualisation system comprises:

Building map visualization assembly; In order to according to map and building geographic position data; On map, mark out the actual geographic position that each sells building, the user browses, inquires about all building positional informations on map, specifies the outstanding or hiding demonstration of certain some building; On map operation, user's convergent-divergent, moving map arbitrarily checks detailed house location; When the user selected a certain building label, map components presented hiding Info of this house with the prompting frame mode, and said hiding Info comprises price, opening quotation time and area;

The tree graph visualization component; Represent a building in order to adopt a rectangular block; With a certain numeric type data that the color or the area size of rectangular block are showed corresponding building, its spacial flex utilization factor of 100% of tree graph makes it can disposable all buildings be plotted in the rectangular area of appointment; Adopt the prosization layout type; This layout type makes the length breadth ratio of all rectangular blocks level off to 1 as far as possible; When in the current generation display area, obtaining length breadth ratio with respect to being favourable on last stage behind the new adding rectangular block, so just continue to add rectangular block; Otherwise just finish the current generation, begin new next stage, so recurrence is gone down; Adopt the spacial ordering layout type, use the data projection technology of the original geographic map shaped position of skew, make the placement position of rectangular block in the tree graph near the position in the actual map;

The parallel coordinates visualization component is used for visual multidimensional data, and parallel coordinates is through drawing n bar parallel coordinate axes, each data item according to the size distribution of its each property value on each coordinate axis, thereby form broken line across n bar parallel coordinate axes;

Time flow graph visualization component, in order to the next visual time series data of flow graph service time, the time flow graph is with a certain coordinate axis express time; Time from left to right or from top to bottom increases progressively successively; Evenly distribute, another coordinate axis is represented the numerical values recited of data item, and each data band is represented a data item; The width means numerical value item size of data band shows the relative size between the different pieces of information item through the form that is layering; Adopt the storehouse layout type, the baseline that the data band used on each time is unanimity; Adopt the symmetric configuration mode, let each data strip be directed to a certain axis symmetry up and down;

Collaborative analytic unit is used for closely connecting each visualization component, when the user carries out different selection operations at different visualization components, in other assembly, shows the different effect of visualization of selected data accordingly in real time.

In the present embodiment; The present invention gathers data on a plurality of officials network platforms such as Hangzhou housing support and Public Buildings Administration, Hangzhou Bureau of Land and Resources, Hangzhou regional planning agency as the visual testing data; Screen wherein data available; Put in order out the pre-sale permit, place block, building house tricks of building, sell tricks, can sell mass data such as tricks, floor space, average price, total price, and by year with month grouped data save as the CSV formatted file.

The present invention marks the actual geographic position of building on map after obtaining the concrete coordinate position of building, the user checks the particular location of building through the convergent-divergent map; Use the multidimensional property of the visual building of parallel coordinates, and auxiliary with interaction techniques such as the technology of brushing, dimension rearrangement, coordinate axis convergent-divergents; Use the distribution of visual all buildings of tree graph on a certain attribute, and used a plurality of layout type; The time flow graph in order to visual time series data, has also been used multiple layout type simultaneously.

Above visual means is combined, and the present invention innovates the exhibition method of real estate data.With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of house property data visualisation system based on the information visualization technology, said house property data visualisation system comprises:

1) building map visualization assembly:

This assembly is according to Hangzhou map and building geographic position data; Each sells the actual geographic position of building on map, to mark out Hangzhou; The user can be well understood to the distributed intelligence of each building in Hangzhou, and this assembly provides building geography information necessarily for house purchaser and real estate researchist.The Hangzhou map that the present invention uses derives from Google Maps, and the house location that marks on the map is physical location exactly.

On the map display base, the present invention has added following interactive function:

1. the user can browse all building positional informations of Hangzhou on map, also can specify the outstanding or hiding demonstration of certain some building, reduces the coverage rate between the building label.

2. query function is provided, searches for specific building and on map, show the specifying information of this building according to the input title.

3. on map operation, user's convergent-divergent, moving map arbitrarily checks detailed house location.

4. when the user selects a certain building label; Map components presents hide Info (like price, opening quotation time, the area etc.) in this house with the prompting frame mode; After choosing certain building, can in other assemblies, check other information of this building, the collaborative visual analysis between each functional module makes analytical work become more thorough.

2) tree graph visualization component:

The tree graph visualization component is represented a building (also can be other attributes such as geographical plate etc.) with a rectangular block; With a certain numeric type data (like the building average price, can sell tricks etc.) that the color of rectangular block (or area size) is showed corresponding building, its spacial flex utilization factor of 100% of tree graph makes it disposable all buildings of Hangzhou to be plotted in the rectangular area of appointment.The rectangular block color is dark more, and then the numerical value of this building selected properties (like average price etc.) is big more, otherwise; Simultaneously also can come representation attribute with the area of rectangular block, the area of rectangular block is big more, and then the numerical value of this building selected properties (like average price etc.) is big more, otherwise.

On the rectangular block layout type, this visualization component has been realized following several kinds of layout type:

1. prosization layout type; This layout type makes the length breadth ratio of all rectangular blocks level off to 1 as far as possible; This placement algorithm is a kind of adaptive algorithm; Each step of algorithm gets in spacial flex adds more rectangle, when in the current generation display area, obtaining length breadth ratio with respect to being favourable on last stage behind the new adding rectangular block, so just continues to add rectangular block; Otherwise just finish the current generation, begin new next stage, so recurrence is gone down.The prosization layout type can reach good display effect; It can let the user in reciprocal process; Choose a certain rectangle block more easily, make user interactions friendly more, the layout type of prosization is more suitable in the filling of text in rectangular block simultaneously.

2. spacial ordering layout type; This layout type uses the data projection technology of the original geographic map shaped position of skew; Make the placement position of rectangular block in the tree graph as far as possible near the position in the actual map, utilize the prosization layout type to make the length breadth ratio of rectangular block level off to 1 simultaneously as far as possible.Through the spacial ordering layout type, with rectangular block in tree graph the position and the position in actual map is organic couples together, the user can just can find this rectangular block fast according to actual geographic position in tree graph, strengthen user experience greatly.

In the ordering of rectangular block, this visualization component has been realized following several kinds of sortords:

1. represent a certain attribute with the area size of rectangular block; And on display area, rectangular block is arranged from the upper left corner to the lower right corner according to the area size; Through such sortord, can significantly give prominence to the bigger rectangular block of area, supply user's emphasis to select to check;

representes a certain attribute with the shade of rectangular block; And on display area, rectangular block is arranged from the upper left corner to the lower right corner according to shade; Through such sortord; Can significantly distinguish the rectangular block of different colours; And presenting a kind of transition trend, the confession user selects corresponding block and checks.

3) parallel coordinates visualization component:

In the parallel coordinates visualization component that uses in the present invention, provide following function in order to visual house property data:

1. the dimension in order to show is set; Be provided with pre-sale permit number, distribution state, average price, can sell tricks, can sell the limit room these five dimensions; Each data item according to the size distribution of its each property value on each coordinate axis; Thereby form broken line, can optionally add and delete in order to the dimension that shows across n bar parallel coordinate axes.

2. coordinate axis is reset; Through choosing a certain coordinate axis; And be dragged near another coordinate axis, can realize the exchange of two coordinate axis positions, through the mutual realization of coordinate axis rearrangement; Change the distribution of data item in parallel coordinates, made the further trend that in parallel coordinates, distributes of mining data of user.

3. coordinate axis convergent-divergent; In order to regulate the maximin of coordinate axis scope; Can change the max min of coordinate axis scope simultaneously or only change the coordinate axis scope maximum minimum value, same coordinate axis convergent-divergent can change the distribution of data item in parallel coordinates.

4. brush is technological; In order to choose a certain numerical range on a certain coordinate axis; And then the data item height that in parallel coordinates, will belong to this numerical range is light; Be convenient to the user and check that these data item distribute on other dimension, the present invention use the technological Gao Liang of brush the building average price than a higher part.

4) time flow graph visualization component

The next visual time series data of flow graph service time of the present invention; The time flow graph is with a certain coordinate axis express time, the time from left to right (or from top to bottom) increase progressively successively, evenly distribute; Another coordinate axis is represented the numerical values recited of data item; Each data band is represented a data item, and the width means numerical value item size of data band shows the relative size between the different pieces of information item through the form that is layering.Time flow graph clear in structure, rationally meets common people's aesthetic habit.Service time of the present invention, flow graph was showed each block building sales volume of Hangzhou and the popular building sales volume in Hangzhou in the coming year over the years.

This time flow graph visualization component has been realized following function:

1. storehouse layout type; In this layout type, the baseline that the data band used on each time is unanimity, therefore makes layout type demonstrate and is similar to the storehouse form; Be suitable for the user and compare different pieces of information item size, the use habit of catering to the user more intuitively.

2. symmetric configuration mode, this layout type are let others take precedence and are let each data strip be directed to a certain axis symmetry up and down, make that the numerical value change between different time points is more level and smooth, and slope is littler, and is more attractive in appearance, and it is higher to utilization of space simultaneously.

3. user interactions easily; Along with of the slip of user's mouse in display area, the zone that high bright user streaked that time flow graph visualization component will be real-time, the user just can check that the different pieces of information item is along with change of time; Like some data item along with the time changes little; Overall relatively milder, and the data that have can present the situation such as sudden change situations such as (like the building opening quotation) selling fast of transience; Simultaneously, this assembly can show the contained information of this this data item of time point (like detail time, average price numerical information etc.) with the mode of prompting frame, and representes the height at this place with line segment.

5) collaborative analytic unit

The present invention is through realizing collaborative visualization component; With each visualization component inner tight link together; Feasible analysis to the real estate data no longer is with single block analysis, can improve perception and the cognitive ability of user to the real estate data greatly through collaborative analysis.

The user chooses a certain building in map components after; In the parallel coordinates visualization component, just see the broken line of Gao Liang, each property value that broken line has comprised the details of this each attribute of building and shown this building is in the residing position of each attribute of all buildings.

Equally, when the user uses the high bright a part of data item of brush technology in parallel coordinates, on map components, will demonstrate the geographic position of corresponding data item in real time, supply the user to check exploration.

The system to Hangzhou real estate data visualization that the present invention designed has the following advantages:

1) the information visualization technology is applied in the analysis and processing of real estate data; The new method that this real estate data visualization is analyzed and viewdata excavates; Satisfied the needs that obtain, study and explore of different user, filled up the blank that domestic real estate data visualization is analyzed the house property data message.

2) use the tree graph visualization component to show the overview of house property data, represent a certain attribute of house property with size and the shade of rectangular block, and auxiliary with good interactive mode easily, make the user very clear to the overview of house property data.

3) use that parallel coordinates is visual to come visual analysis house property multidimensional data; The user can be through multiple interactive mode; In parallel coordinates, freely explore the house property data; In depth excavate the house property data, strengthen perception and cognition to the house property data, its good mathematical basis of parallel coordinates makes analysis result more reliable simultaneously.

4) service time, flow graph came visual house property time series data, guaranteed the identifiability of each data item, had strengthened visual aesthetic feeling simultaneously, let user's whole timing variations of perception house property data fast.

5) collaborative analytic unit is with the dynamic map in the information visualization; Visualization components such as tree graph, parallel coordinates and time flow graph and user's behavior associates; It is according to the operation of user in a certain assembly; Dynamically in the assembly that is associated, provide different visualization result in real time, improve analysis efficiency greatly.

Claims (3)

1. house property data visualisation system based on information visualization technology, it is characterized in that: said house property data visualisation system comprises:
Building map visualization assembly; In order to according to map and building geographic position data; On map, mark out the actual geographic position that each sells building, the user browses, inquires about all building positional informations on map, specifies the outstanding or hiding demonstration of certain some building; On map operation, user's convergent-divergent, moving map arbitrarily checks detailed house location; When the user selected a certain building label, map components presented hiding Info of this house with the prompting frame mode, and said hiding Info comprises price, opening quotation time and area;
The tree graph visualization component; Represent a building in order to adopt a rectangular block; With a certain numeric type data that the color or the area size of rectangular block are showed corresponding building, its spacial flex utilization factor of 100% of tree graph makes it can disposable all buildings be plotted in the rectangular area of appointment; Adopt the prosization layout type; This layout type makes the length breadth ratio of all rectangular blocks level off to 1 as far as possible; When in the current generation display area, obtaining length breadth ratio with respect to being favourable on last stage behind the new adding rectangular block, so just continue to add rectangular block; Otherwise just finish the current generation, begin new next stage, so recurrence is gone down; Adopt the spacial ordering layout type, use the data projection technology of the original geographic map shaped position of skew, make the placement position of rectangular block in the tree graph near the position in the actual map;
The parallel coordinates visualization component is used for visual multidimensional data,, parallel coordinates is through drawing n bar parallel coordinate axes, each data item according to the size distribution of its each property value on each coordinate axis, thereby form broken line across n bar parallel coordinate axes;
Time flow graph visualization component, in order to the next visual time series data of flow graph service time, the time flow graph is with a certain coordinate axis express time; Time from left to right or from top to bottom increases progressively successively; Evenly distribute, another coordinate axis is represented the numerical values recited of data item, and each data band is represented a data item; The width means numerical value item size of data band shows the relative size between the different pieces of information item through the form that is layering; Adopt the storehouse layout type, the baseline that the data band used on each time is unanimity; Adopt the symmetric configuration mode, let each data strip be directed to a certain axis symmetry up and down;
Collaborative analytic unit closely connects each visualization component, when the user carries out different selection operations at different visualization components, in other assembly, shows the different effect of visualization of selected data accordingly in real time.
2. the house property data visualisation system based on the information visualization technology as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that: in the said tree graph visualization component, in the ordering of rectangular block, the tree graph visualization component adopts a certain attribute of area size expression of rectangular block; And on display area, rectangular block is arranged from the upper left corner to the lower right corner according to the area size; Through such sortord, the significantly outstanding bigger rectangular block of area supplies user's emphasis to select to check;
Adopt the shade of rectangular block to represent a certain attribute; And on display area, rectangular block is arranged from the upper left corner to the lower right corner according to shade; Through such sortord; Can significantly distinguish the rectangular block of different colours, and present a kind of transition trend, the confession user selects corresponding block and checks.
3. according to claim 1 or claim 2 house property data visualisation system based on information visualization technology; It is characterized in that: in the said parallel coordinates visualization component; The employing coordinate axis is reset; Through choosing a certain coordinate axis, and be dragged near another coordinate axis, can realize the exchange of two coordinate axis positions;
Adopt the coordinate axis convergent-divergent to regulate the maximin of coordinate axis scope, change the max min of coordinate axis scope simultaneously or only change the coordinate axis scope maximum minimum value, same coordinate axis convergent-divergent changes the distribution of data item in parallel coordinates;
Adopt the brush technology, choose a certain numerical range on a certain coordinate axis, and then it is light in parallel coordinates, will to belong to the data item height of this numerical range, is convenient to the user and checks that these data item distribute on other dimensions.
CN201110294284.6A 2011-09-27 2011-09-27 Information visualization technology-based house property data visualization system CN102332056B (en)

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