CN102331646A - Display panel - Google Patents

Display panel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102331646A
CN102331646A CN201110314146XA CN201110314146A CN102331646A CN 102331646 A CN102331646 A CN 102331646A CN 201110314146X A CN201110314146X A CN 201110314146XA CN 201110314146 A CN201110314146 A CN 201110314146A CN 102331646 A CN102331646 A CN 102331646A
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China
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sub
pixel
pixel region
electric field
mode
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CN201110314146XA
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Chinese (zh)
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吴声明
胡惠美
邱旭平
黄俊智
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中华映管股份有限公司
福州华映视讯有限公司
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Priority to CN201110252444.0 priority
Application filed by 中华映管股份有限公司, 福州华映视讯有限公司 filed Critical 中华映管股份有限公司
Priority to CN201110314146XA priority patent/CN102331646A/en
Publication of CN102331646A publication Critical patent/CN102331646A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a display panel, which comprises a plurality of pixel areas and a plurality of liquid crystal molecules, wherein each pixel area comprises a first-mode subpixel area and a second-mode subpixel area adjacent to the first-mode subpixel area; the plurality of liquid crystal molecules are distributed in various pixel areas; liquid crystal molecules corresponding to first-mode subpixel areas are driven by a lateral electric field to rotate; liquid crystal molecules corresponding to second-mode subpixel areas are driven by a vertical electric field to rotate; when the display panel is in a first display mode, the lateral electric field is only generated and the vertical electric field is closed; and when the display panel is in a second display mode, the vertical electric field is only generated and the lateral electric field is closed. The display panel has a visual angle switching function, and can display images in a wide visual angle mode and a narrow visual angle mode.

Description

显示面板 Display panel

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明是关于一种显示面板,特别有关一种具视角切换功能的显示面板。 [0001] The present invention relates to a display panel, and particularly relates to a display panel having a switching function of viewing angle. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 目前广视角显示技术依其技术原理一般分为两类,一是在配向方向作变化,如垂直配向(vertical alignment, VA)的液晶面板技术,另一类则是藉由调变电场来达成者,如边缘电场切换(fringe field switching, FFS)技术及平面方向转换(in plan switching, IPS)技术,FFS技术与IPS技术都是在面板配置像素电极与共同电极,利用该两电极间产生的电场控制液晶分子的偏转,惟不同的是,该两电极的配置方式不同,FFS技术产生边缘电场,而IPS技术产生水平或横向电场。 [0002] It wide viewing angle technique in accordance with its technical principles are generally divided into two categories, one for the change in the alignment direction, such as vertical alignment (vertical alignment, VA) LCD panel technology, the other is adjusted by the variable achieved by field, such as fringe field switching (fringe field switching, FFS) conversion technology and the planar direction (in plan switching, IPS) technology, and the FFS technology IPS technology panel are arranged in the pixel electrode and the common electrode, the two electrodes using controlling the deflection field generated between the liquid crystal molecules, but the difference is that different configurations of the two electrodes, the FFS fringe electric field techniques, the techniques IPS horizontal or lateral electric field.

[0003] 除了广视角显示的需求之外,使用者有些时候并不希望本人以外的第三者观看到显示的内容,因此为了因应此等需求,近来渐渐开发出基于防窥目的的,可控制显示视角的显示装置。 [0003] In addition to the needs of a wide viewing angle display, the user sometimes does not want a third party other than his own watch to display the content, so the In response to these needs, recently gradually developed based on anti-spy purposes, can be controlled display means displays the viewing angle. 具有视角控制(controllable viewing angle)功能的显示装置除了能够提供广视角显示,以便从侧向观看外,亦允许使用者将视角调整成窄视角的状态,以满足其保密的需求。 A display device having a viewing angle control (controllable viewing angle) functions can be provided in addition to wide viewing angle, so that viewed from the side, but also allow the user to adjust the angle to a narrow viewing angle state, in order to meet the needs of their secrecy.

[0004] 在习知具有视角控制功能的显示装置中,有些是在传统的显示面板外部另配置一转换装置,其实际上为一液晶面板,利用此外挂的面板来控制穿透光出射的方向,以达到视角窄化的目的,然而由于另增了外挂面板,此种显示装置会有面板透过率或穿透率下降的问题,因而影响面板整体的亮度或色彩饱和度,另外成本也因而增加。 [0004] In the conventional display device having a viewing angle control function, in some conventional external panel further arranged a switching means, which is actually a liquid crystal panel, with this panel to control the plug-in direction of penetration of the light exit in order to achieve the object of the view angle narrowing, however, since the addition of another plug-in panel, there is the problem means lowered transmittance or a transmittance of the panel of this display, and thus affect the overall color saturation or brightness of the panel, and thus additional costs increase. 另一种习知具有视角控制功能的显示装置是将FFS型面板另作改良,在FFS型面板的每个画素区内配置具有不同方向排列的缺口(slit)的画素电极,当驱动具有以第一方向排列的缺口的子画素区时, 面板以广视角显示,而当驱动具有以第二方向排列的缺口的子画素区时,面板以窄视角显示,然而因缺口排列方向不同,在面板上会有明显的纹路变化,因此此种显示装置会有面板品味下降的问题。 Another conventional display device having a viewing angle control function is otherwise improved FFS type panel having a pixel electrode disposed in different directions are arranged notches (Slit) in each pixel region of the FFS type panel, when the driving section having when a sub-pixel regions arranged in the direction of the notch, the panel display at a wide viewing angle, and when the drive has a cutout arranged in a second direction of the sub-pixel region, the display panel in a narrow viewing angle, but a different arrangement direction due to the notch, on the panel there will be significant changes in texture, taste panel will issue means decline and therefore such a display.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的主要目的在于提供一种显示面板,以使显示面板具有视角切换的功能, 能够以广视角模式及窄视角模式来显示影像。 [0005] The main object of the present invention is to provide a display panel, so that the display panel has a function of angle switching, it is possible to display an image at a wide viewing angle mode and the narrow viewing angle mode.

[0006] 为达前述目的,本发明提供一种显示面板,包含:复数个画素区,每个画素区包含一第一模式子画素区及与该第一模式子画素区相邻的一第二模式子画素区;复数个液晶分子,分布于各个画素区,其中对应于该第一模式子画素区的液晶分子是由一侧向电场驱动而转动,而对应于该第二模式子画素区的液晶分子是由一垂直电场驱动而转动;以及一控制单元,用以控制该侧向电场及该垂直电场的开关;其中当该显示面板处于一第一显示模式时,该控制单元将该侧向电场开启,而将该垂直电场关闭,当该显示面板处于一第二显示模式时,该控制单元将该垂直电场开启,而将该侧向电场关闭。 [0006] To achieve the foregoing object, the present invention provides a display panel, comprising: a plurality of pixel regions, each pixel region comprises a first sub-pixel area and pattern adjacent to the first sub-pixel region a second mode mode sub pixel region; a plurality of liquid crystal molecules, located in each pixel region, wherein the liquid crystal molecules corresponding to the first sub-pixel region pattern is rotated by the driven side of an electric field, and the pattern corresponding to the second sub-pixel region liquid crystal molecules are driven by a vertical electric field is rotated; and a control unit for controlling the switching of the lateral electric field and a vertical electric field; wherein when the display panel is a first display mode, the side of the control unit open field, and the vertical electric field off, when the display panel is a second display mode, the control unit is turned on the vertical electric field, whereas the lateral electric field is turned off.

[0007] 本发明另一方面提供一种显示面板,包含:一第一基板,其包含复数个画素区,每个画素区包含一第一模式子画素区及与该第一模式子画素区相邻的一第二模式子画素区; 一第二基板,其与该第一基板平行相向设置,其中对应该第一模式子画素区,于该第二基板上设置有一第一画素电极及一第一共同电极,该第一画素电极及该第一共同电极是用以产生一侧向电场,而对应该第二模式子画素区,于该第二基板上设置有一第二画素电极且相应的该第一基板上设置有一第二共同电极,该第二画素电极及该第二共同电极是用以产生一垂直电场;一液晶层,其包含复数个液晶分子夹置于该第一基板及该第二基板之间,其中对应于该第一模式子画素区的液晶分子是由该侧向电场驱动而转动,而对应于该第二模式子画素区的液晶分子是由该垂直电场驱动而 [0007] aspect of the invention provides a display panel, comprising: a first substrate comprising a plurality of pixel regions, each pixel region comprises a first region and a sub-pixel pattern with respect to the first sub-pixel region pattern a second pattern adjacent sub-pixel region; a second substrate disposed to face parallel to the first substrate, wherein the mode corresponding to the first sub-pixel region is provided with a first and a second pixel electrode on the second substrate, a common electrode, the first pixel electrode and the first common electrode is used for generating an electric field side, and the pattern corresponding to the second sub-pixel region, a second pixel electrode disposed on the second substrate and corresponding to the a first substrate disposed on the second common electrode, the second pixel electrode and the second common electrode is used for generating a vertical electric field; a liquid crystal layer containing liquid crystal molecules sandwiched between a plurality of the first substrate and the second between the two substrates, wherein a first mode corresponding to the sub-pixel region of the liquid crystal molecules are rotated driven by the lateral electric field, and the liquid crystal molecules corresponding to the second mode is a sub-pixel region driven by the vertical electric field 动;以及一第一开关及一第二开关,设置于该第二基板上,该第一开关用以控制该侧向电场,而该第二开关用以控制该垂直电场;其中藉由该第一开关将该侧向电场开启及该第二开关将该垂直电场关闭,以使该显示面板处于一第一显示模式,而藉由该第二开关将该垂直电场开启及该第一开关将该侧向电场关闭, 以使该显示面板处于一第二显示模式。 Movement; and a first switch and a second switch, disposed on the second substrate, the first switch for controlling the lateral electric field, and the second switch for controlling the vertical field; wherein the first by the lateral electric field is a switch to open and the second switch off the vertical electric field, so that the display panel is in a first display mode, and the second switch by the electric field perpendicular to the opening and the first switch Close lateral electric field, so that the display panel is in a second display mode.

[0008] 本发明的显示面板是结合侧向电场的驱动技术(如边缘电场切换技术,亦即FFS 技术)与垂直电场的驱动技术(如电控双折射技术,亦即ECB技术),使显示面板具有两种显示模式,即广视角模式及窄视角模式,以达视角切换的目的,藉此一方面使用者可从侧向观看,另一方面又兼具保密的特性。 [0008] The display panel according to the present invention is a combination of a lateral electric field drive art (e.g., fringe field switching technology, i.e. FFS technology) and a vertical electric field drive art (e.g., electrically controlled birefringence techniques, i.e. techniques ECB), the display panel has two display modes, i.e., a wide viewing angle mode and the narrow viewing angle mode, to achieve the purpose of switching the viewing angle, whereby the user can view the one hand side, on the other hand the characteristics of both confidentiality. 相较于习知技术,本发明无需另增一液晶层,故不会有显示面板透过率或穿透率下降的问题,本发明亦无变更画素电极的缺口(slit)的角度而使面板品味下降的缺失。 Compared to conventional techniques, the present invention does not require the addition of another one of the liquid crystal layer, so that there is no problem of the display panel or the transmittance of the transmittance decrease, the present invention nor change pixel electrode cutout (Slit) angle of the panel taste missing drop.

[0009] [0009]

图1显示本发明的显示面板的示意图。 1 shows a schematic view of a display panel according to the present invention.

[0010] 图2显示本发明的显示面板的第一模式子画素区以边缘电场切换(FFS)技术驱动的示意图。 [0010] Figure 2 shows a display panel of the present invention in a first mode of sub-pixel regions fringe field (FFS) switching technology schematic driven.

[0011] 图3显示本发明的显示面板的第二模式子画素区以电控双折射(ECB)技术驱动的示意图。 [0011] FIG. 3 shows a schematic view of a display panel according to the present invention, a second mode of sub-pixel regions to electrically controlled birefringence (ECB) technology is driven.

[0012] 图4显示本发明的显示面板中偏光板的穿透轴的方向与对应第一模式子画素区的配向膜的配向方向。 [0012] Figure 4 shows the alignment directions in the display panel of the present invention with the transmission axis of polarizing plate in the direction corresponding to the sub pixel region in the first mode to the membrane.

[0013] 图5显示本发明的显示面板中偏光板的穿透轴的方向与对应第二模式子画素区的配向膜的配向方向。 [0013] Figure 5 shows the alignment directions in the display panel of the present invention with a polarizing plate transmission axis direction of the sub-pixel region corresponding to the second mode to the membrane.

[0014] 图6显示本发明第一实施例的显示面板的示意图图7显示本发明第二实施例的显示面板的示意图。 [0014] FIG. 6 shows a schematic view of a first embodiment of the display panel of the embodiment of the present invention is a display panel 7 a schematic view of a second embodiment of the present invention.

[0015] 图8显示本发明第三实施例的显示面板的示意图。 [0015] FIG. 8 shows a schematic view of a display panel according to a third embodiment of the present invention.

[0016] 图9显示本发明第四实施例的显示面板的示意图。 [0016] Figure 9 shows a schematic view of a display panel according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention.

[0017] 图10显示本发明第五实施例的显示面板的示意图。 [0017] FIG. 10 shows a schematic view of a display panel according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention.

[0018] 图11显示本发明第六实施例的显示面板的示意图。 [0018] FIG. 11 is a schematic view of a display panel of the sixth embodiment of the present invention.

[0019]【主要组件符号说明】 [0019] The main component symbol DESCRIPTION

I 显示面板 10 第一基板 I shows a first substrate of the panel 10

II 第二玻璃基板 14 第一共同电极15 第一薄膜晶体管16 第一画素电极17 缺口18 第二薄膜晶体管19 第二画素电极 20 第二基板 14 the first common electrode 15 of the first glass substrate II of the second thin film transistor 16 pixel electrode 17 of the first notch 18 of the second TFT 19 of the second pixel electrode 20 of the second substrate

21 第一玻璃基板 22 黑色矩阵 The first glass substrate 21 black matrix 22

23 滤光层 24 保护层 Filter layer 24 protective layer 23

25 第二共同电极 30 液晶层 The second common electrode 25 of the liquid crystal layer 30

52 间极 53 介电层 52 electrode 53 dielectric layer

54 半导体通道层 55 奥姆接触层 The semiconductor channel layer 54 contacts ohmic layer 55

56 源极 57 汲极 56 source electrode 57 drain

58 绝缘层 61 第一模式子画素区 A first insulating layer 61 pattern 58 pixel sub-region

62 第二模式子画素区 70 控制单元 70 the control unit 62 of the second sub-pixel region pattern

100 画素区 B 绿色子画素区 100 pixel area B green sub-pixel area

CF 彩色滤光片基板 ECB 电控双折射 The color filter substrate CF Electrically Controlled Birefringence ECB

FFS 边缘电场切换 G 蓝色子画素区 FFS FFS blue sub-pixel region G

LE 侧向电场 R 红色子画素区 LE lateral electric fields red sub-pixel region R

TFT 薄膜晶体管数组基板 VE 垂直电场 The thin film transistor TFT array substrate, an electric field perpendicular to VE

W 透明子画素区 W transparent sub-pixel region

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0020] 图1显示本发明的显示面板的示意图。 [0020] FIG. 1 shows a schematic view of a display panel according to the present invention. 本发明的显示面板1包含复数个画素区100,每个画素区100是分成第一模式子画素区61及第二模式子画素区62,本发明的显示面板1是可藉由设于每个画素区100的控制单元70的切换而处于两种不同的模式。 The display panel according to the present invention comprises a plurality of pixel areas 100, 100 in each pixel region is divided into a first sub-pixel pattern region 61 and the second sub-pixel pattern area 62, the display panel 1 according to the present invention is provided by each the control unit 100 of the pixel region 70 and the switch placed in two different modes. 控制单元70包含设于第一模式子画素区61的一第一开关(如第一薄膜晶体管15)及设于第二模式子画素区62的一第二开关(如第二薄膜晶体管18)。 The control unit 70 is provided comprising a first region of a first sub-pixel mode switch (e.g., a first thin film transistor 15) 61 disposed in the second mode and a sub-pixel of a second switch region (e.g., the second thin film transistor 18) 62. 当本发明的显示面板1处于一第一显示模式时,仅利用每个画素区100的第一模式子画素区61来显示影像,此时每个第二模式子画素区62内的第二薄膜晶体管18皆处于关闭状态;而当本发明的显示面板1处于一第二显示模式时,仅利用每个画素区100的第二模式子画素区62来显示影像,此时每个第一模式子画素区61内的第一薄膜晶体管15皆处于关闭状态。 When the display panel 1 according to the present invention in a first display mode, the first mode using only the sub-pixel region 61 for each pixel region 100 to display an image, in this case the second film 62 of each of the second sub-pixel region pattern transistor 18 are in a closed state; and when the display panel 1 according to the present invention in a second display mode, the second mode using only the sub-pixel region 100 of each pixel region 62 to display the image, then each of the first sub-pattern a first thin film transistor in the pixel region 6115 are in the closed state.

[0021] 本发明是结合侧向电场(lateral electric field)的驱动技术及垂直电场(vertical electric field)的驱动技术实现于同一个显示面板上。 [0021] The present invention is a lateral electric field drive technologies (lateral electric field) and the vertical electric field (vertical electric field) drive technology on the same display panel. 本发明的显示面板1 的每个画素区100都布建受侧向电场驱动的第一模式子画素区61及受垂直电场驱动的第二模式子画素区62,提供显示面板1两种显示模式,即第一显示模式及第二显示模式。 The display panel according to the present invention, each of the pixel region 100 of the lateral electric field are driven by the deployment of a first mode of sub-pixel region 61 and the second sub-pixel pattern area 62 is driven by a vertical electric field, a display panel 1 two display modes , i.e., a first display mode and second display mode. 当以侧向电场驱动每个画素区100的第一模式子画素区61时,能够使显示面板1达到广视角的效果,而当以垂直电场驱动每个画素区100的第二模式子画素区62时,能够使显示面板1达到视角窄化的目的,藉此使用者能够改变显示面板1的视角成为广视角或窄视角的状态,一方面使用者可从侧向观看,另一方面又兼具保密的特性。 When a lateral electric field drive mode of each pixel region of the first sub-pixel region 100 is 61, it is possible to achieve the effect of the display panel 1 a wide viewing angle, and when the vertical electric field driving mode of each pixel region 100 of the second sub-pixel region 62, the display panel 1 can be made to achieve the purpose of narrowing the angle of view, whereby the user can change the viewing angle of the display panel 1 becomes the state of a wide viewing angle or a narrow viewing angle, on the one hand it can be viewed from the user side, and on the other hand with privacy features.

[0022] 本发明中侧向电场的驱动技术可利用边缘电场及水平方向电场来实现,例如采用边缘电场切换(fringe field switching, FFS)技术来实现边缘电场驱动,采用平面方向转换(in plan switching, IPS)技术来实现水平电场驱动。 [0022] In the present invention, a lateral electric field drive technology may utilize a fringe electric field and the electric field in the horizontal direction is achieved, for example, using fringe field switching (fringe field switching, FFS) technology to achieve a fringe electric field driving direction changing planar (in plan switching , IPS) technology to achieve horizontal electric field drive. 而在垂直电场驱动技术中,可采用电控双折射(electrically controlled birefringence, ECB)技术来实现垂直电场驱动。 In a vertical electric field drive art, may be employed an electrically controlled birefringence (electrically controlled birefringence, ECB) technology to achieve a vertical electric field driving. 一般来说,边缘电场切换技术相较于平面方向切换技术而言,边缘电场切换技术可使显示面板具有较高的透光率,且从各个方向观看色偏的现象较不明显,具有相当高的色彩还原性。 Generally, fringe field switching technology compared to the planar direction switching technology, the fringe field switching panel display technology can have a high light transmittance, and viewed from various directions color shift phenomenon is more obvious, it has a relatively high the color reproduction. 下文中侧向电场及垂直电场的驱动技术将分别以边缘电场切换技术及电控双折射技术来例示说明。 Hereinafter the lateral electric field and a vertical electric field will drive technology FFS technology, respectively and electrically controlled birefringence for illustrative techniques.

[0023] 图2显示本发明的显示面板的第一模式子画素区以边缘电场切换(FFS)技术驱动的示意图,图3显示本发明的显示面板的第二模式子画素区以电控双折射(ECB)技术驱动的示意图。 [0023] Figure 2 shows a display panel of the present invention, a first mode of sub-pixel regions to fringe field switching (FFS) technology-driven schematic, FIG. 3 shows a second mode of the display panel of the present invention, a sub pixel region to be electrically controlled birefringence (ECB) technology-driven FIG. 需注意的是,本发明的显示面板1包含复数个画素区100,每个画素区100都包含第一模式子画素区61及第二模式子画素区62,且第一模式子画素区61与第二模式子画素区62彼此相邻。 Note that the display panel of the present invention comprises a plurality of pixel region 100, pixel regions 100 each include a first pattern region 61 and the second sub-pixel pattern sub-pixel region 62, and the first region 61 and the sub-pixel mode The second sub-pixel pattern region 62 adjacent to each other. 图2中仅示出一个第一模式子画素区61,而图3中仅示出一个第二模式子画素区62。 FIG. 2 shows only one pixel region of the first sub-pattern 61, while FIG. 3 shows only a second sub-pixel region 62 pattern. 需注意的是,图2的第一模式子画素区61及图3的第二模式子画素区62实际上是设置在同一块显示面板上。 It should be noted that the first mode of sub-pixel regions in FIG. 2 and FIG. 61 of the second sub-pixel area 3 of the pattern 62 is actually disposed on the same display panel.

[0024] 请参阅图1、图2及图3,本发明的显示面板1包含一第一基板10、一第二基板20 及一液晶层30,第一基板10与第二基板20是平行相向设置,液晶层30内具有复数个液晶分子(未图示),液晶层30是夹置于第一基板10与第二基板20的间。 [0024] Please refer to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, the display panel 10 of the present invention comprises, a liquid crystal layer 20 and a second substrate 30 a first substrate, a first substrate 10 and second substrate 20 are opposed parallel provided, the liquid crystal layer 30 having a plurality of liquid crystal molecules (not shown), the liquid crystal layer 30 is sandwiched between the first substrate 10 and the second substrate 20. 第一基板10具有一第一玻璃基板21,第二基板20具有一第二玻璃基板11,显示面板1的电路结构及层迭组件是设置在第一玻璃基板21及第二玻璃基板11上且配置在两玻璃基板11、21的相对侧。 The first substrate 10 has a first glass substrate 21, second substrate 20 having a second glass substrate 11, the circuit structure of the display panel 1 and the laminated assembly is disposed on the first glass substrate 21 and glass substrate 11 and a second disposed on opposite sides of the two glass substrates 11 and 21. 具体来说,第一基板10为一彩色滤光片基板(color filter substrate),其上涂布色料,形成红色、蓝色及绿色的滤光片。 Specifically, the first substrate 10 is a color filter substrate (color filter substrate), on which the coating color, a red, blue and green filters. 第二基板20为一薄膜晶体管数组基板(TFT array substrate), 其上配置薄膜晶体管、电容及布线结构等。 The second substrate 20 is a thin film transistor array substrate (TFT array substrate), on which the thin-film transistor, a capacitor and a wiring structure.

[0025] 如图2及图3所示,第一基板10上依序形成有一遮光层或黑色矩阵(black matrix, BM) 22、一色料层或滤光层23以及一保护层24,滤光层23本身是为涂布的色料, 在不同的区域分别涂布红色、蓝色及绿色色料。 [0025] As shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, the first substrate 10 are sequentially formed with a black matrix or shielding layer (black matrix, BM) 22, a toner layer or filter layer 23 and a protective layer 24, the filter layer 23 is coated toner itself, are applied in different regions of red, blue and green pigment. 第二基板20上依序层迭第一金属层、介电层53、半导体通道层54、奥姆接触层55、第二金属层及绝缘层58等,在第一模式子画素区61形成第一薄膜晶体管15 (如图2所示)且在第二模式子画素区62形成第二薄膜晶体管18 (如图3所示),该第一金属层是经图案化而形成第一薄膜晶体管15和第二薄膜晶体管18的间极52,而该第二金属层是经图案化形成第一薄膜晶体管15和第二薄膜晶体管18的源极56及汲极57。 The second substrate 20 are sequentially laminated on the first metal layer, a dielectric layer 53, semiconductor channel layer 54, ohmic contact layer 55, a second metal layer and the insulating layer 58 and the like, is formed in the first mode the first sub-pixel region 61 a thin film transistor 15 (FIG. 2) and in a second mode sub-pixel region forming a second thin film transistor 18 (FIG. 3) 62, the first metal layer is patterned to form a first thin film transistor 15 and a second thin film transistor 18 between the electrode 52 and the second metal layer is a source electrode 56 and drain electrode 5715 and the second thin film transistor 18 is formed by patterning the first thin film transistor.

[0026] 如前所述,图2的第一模式子画素区61是以边缘电场切换(FFS)技术驱动。 [0026] As described above, FIG 2 a first mode of sub-pixel region 61 is a fringe field switching (FFS) technology driven. 对应该第一模式子画素区61,在第二基板20上形成有一第一画素电极16及一第一共同电极14,第一画素电极16电性连接第一薄膜晶体管15的汲极57,第一画素电极16包含有多个导电部,任两个导电部的间具有缺口(slit) 17,第一画素电极16与第一共同电极14之间由介电层53及绝缘层58隔开。 Mode corresponding to the first sub-pixel region 61, a first pixel electrode formed on a first common electrode 16 and the drain electrode 5714, a first pixel electrode 16 is electrically connected to the first thin film transistor 15 on the second substrate 20, a first a pixel electrode comprising a plurality of conductive portions 16, between any two conductive portions having a notch (slit) 17, between 14 and 53 separated by a dielectric layer and a first insulating layer 58 pixel electrode 16 and the first common electrode. 是以,当给予第一画素电极16及第一共同电极14不同的电位时,第一画素电极16及第一共同电极14可形成边缘电场或侧向电场LE,藉用此侧向电场LE来驱动液晶层30内对应第一模式子画素区61的液晶分子转动。 When is, 16 and 14 different from the first common electrode potential when administered to the first pixel electrode, the first pixel electrode 16 and the first common electrode 14 may be formed or a lateral electric field edge LE, LE to borrow this lateral electric fields liquid crystal layer 30 corresponding to the driving mode of a first sub-pixel region of the liquid crystal molecules 61 is rotated.

[0027] 如前所述,图3的第二模式子画素区62是以电控双折射(ECB)技术驱动。 [0027] As described above, the second mode of FIG. 3 sub-pixel region 62 is electrically controlled birefringence (ECB) driving technique. 对应该第二模式子画素区62,在第二基板20上形成有一第二画素电极19,且相应在第一基板10 上形成有一第二共同电极25,第二画素电极19电性连接第二薄膜晶体管18的汲极57,第二共同电极25设在第一基板10的保护层24上,与第二画素电极19相向配置。 Mode corresponding to the second sub-pixel region 62, is formed on the second substrate 20 has a second pixel electrode 19, and a respective second common electrode 25 is formed on the first substrate 10, a second pixel electrode 19 is electrically connected to the second drain electrode 18 of the thin film transistor 57, the second common electrode 25 is provided on the protective layer 24 of the first substrate 10, and the second pixel electrode 19 face each other. 是以,当给予第二画素电极19及第二共同电极25不同的电位时,第二画素电极19及第二共同电极25 间可形成垂直电场VE,藉用此垂直电场VE来驱动液晶层30内对应第二模式子画素区62的液晶分子转动。 When it is, different potentials 19 and the second common electrode 25 when administered to a second pixel electrode, the second pixel electrode 19 and the second common electrode 25 may be formed in a vertical electric field VE, VE borrow this vertical electric field to drive the liquid crystal layer 30 the second sub-pattern corresponding to the pixel region of the liquid crystal molecules 62 is rotated.

[0028] 此外,显示面板1在其前侧及后侧分别设有一第一偏光板(未图示) 及一第二偏光板(未图示),该第一偏光板的穿透轴与该第二偏光板的穿透轴互相垂直。 [0028] Further, the display panel 1 are respectively provided with a first polarizing plate (not shown) and a second polarizing plate (not shown) on its front side and a rear side, the transmission axis of the first polarizer a second polarizing plate transmission axis perpendicular to each other. 而且,在第一基板10及第二基板20相对的两侧分别设有一第一配向膜(未图示)及一第二配向膜(未图示), 用来配向液晶层30内的液晶分子。 Further, the opposite sides of the first substrate 20 and second substrate 10 are provided within the liquid crystal molecules of the liquid crystal layer 30 a first alignment film (not shown) and a second alignment film (not shown) for accommodating . 在边缘电场切换(FFS)技术中,显示面板1的每个画素区100中对应第一模式子画素区61的区域,在此区域的第一配向膜及第二配向膜是采用反平行配向,其配向方向与该第一偏光板的穿透轴及该第二偏光板的穿透轴任一者平行(或垂直),如图4所示。 In the fringe field switching (FFS) technology, the display sub-pixel region of the first pattern region 61 corresponding to each pixel region 100 of the panel 1, the first alignment film in this area is the use of anti-parallel to the film and a second alignment feature, with its transmission axis direction and the transmission axis of the first polarizer and the second polarizer according to any one of the parallel (or perpendicular), as shown in FIG. 在电控双折射(ECB)技术中,显示面板1的每个画素区100中对应第二模式子画素区62的区域,在此区域的第一配向膜及第二配向膜亦采用反平行配向,不同的是,其配向方向与该第一偏光板的穿透轴(或该第二偏光板的穿透轴)成一预定的角度, 此角度不为0或90度,如图5所示。 In the electrically controlled birefringence (ECB) technology, the display sub-pixel region of the second pattern region 62 corresponding to each pixel region 100 of the panel 1, in this area also the first use with antiparallel alignment film and the second alignment film , except that the alignment direction of the first polarizer transmission axis (or transmission axis of the second polarizing plate) into a predetermined angle, this angle is not 0 or 90 degrees, as shown in FIG.

[0029] 在本发明中,同一时间仅使用每个画素区100中的第一模式子画素区61或第二模式子画素区62来显示影像,当显示面板1处于第一显示模式时,只有第一模式子画素区61 会被使用,而当显示面板1处于第二显示模式时,只有第二模式子画素区62会被使用。 [0029] In the present invention, at the same time using a first mode of sub-pixel region 100 of each pixel region 61 or the second mode only the sub-pixel region 62 to display the image, when the display panel is in a first display mode only the first sub-pixel pattern region 61 is used, when the display panel 1 in a second display mode, only the second sub-pixel pattern region 62 may be used. 请参阅图2及图3,当每个画素区100中的第一薄膜晶体管15开启(turned-on)而第二薄膜晶体管18关闭(turned-off)时,第一画素电极16与第一共同电极14间会因而产生侧向电场LE,而垂直电场VE被关闭,此时以边缘电场切换(FFS)技术来驱动对应于第一模式子画素区61的液晶分子偏转,显示面板1即进入该第一显示模式,亦即以FFS技术实现的广视角模式。 Referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, when each of the pixel region 100 of the first thin film transistor 15 is turned on (turned-on) and the second thin film transistor 18 is closed (turned-off), a first pixel electrode 16 and the first common between the electrodes 14 will thus generate lateral electric fields LE, VE vertical electric field is turned off, this time in a fringe field switching (FFS) technology to a first driving mode corresponding to the sub-pixel region of the liquid crystal molecules is 61, i.e., entering the display panel 1 a first display mode, i.e., the wide viewing angle mode FFS technology. 另一方面,当每个画素区100中的第二薄膜晶体管18开启而第一薄膜晶体管15 关闭时,第二画素电极19与第二共同电极25间会因而产生垂直电场VE,而侧向电场LE被关闭,此时以电控双折射(ECB)技术来驱动对应于第二模式子画素区62的液晶分子偏转, 显示面板1即进入该第二显示模式,亦即以ECB技术实现的窄视角模式。 On the other hand, when each pixel zone 18 of the second thin film transistor 100 is turned on and the first thin film transistor 15 is closed, the second pixel electrode 19 and the second common electrode 25 will thereby generating an electric field perpendicular to VE, while the lateral field LE is closed at this time to an electrically controlled birefringence (ECB) driven technology to a second mode corresponding to the sub-pixel region of the liquid crystal molecules 62 is deflected, i.e., the display panel 1 into the second display mode, i.e., to narrow ECB technology Perspective mode.

[0030] 本发明的显示面板是结合侧向电场的驱动技术(如FFS技术)与垂直电场的驱动技术(如ECB技术),使显示面板具有两种显示模式,即广视角模式及窄视角模式,以达视角切换的目的。 [0030] The display panel according to the present invention is a driving technique in conjunction with a lateral electric field (e.g. FFS technology) and a vertical electric field drive technology (e.g. technology ECB), the display panel has two display modes, i.e., a wide viewing angle mode and the narrow viewing angle mode , angle switching to achieve the purpose. 当显示面板处于窄视角模式时,可确保显示内容的隐密性,防范他人窥视,而当显示面板处于广视角模式时,可允许他人从侧向观看,且在侧向观看时,保有FFS技术原本低色偏及高对比的特性。 When the display panel in a narrow viewing angle mode, the display contents can ensure privacy and prevent other people from looking, and when the display panel is in wide viewing angle mode, you can allow others to watch from the side, and when viewed sideways, maintain FFS technology originally low color washout and high contrast characteristics. 相较于习知技术,本发明无需另增一液晶层,故不会有显示面板透过率或穿透率下降的问题,本发明亦无变更画素电极的缺口(slit)的角度而使面板品味下降的缺失。 Compared to conventional techniques, the present invention does not require the addition of another one of the liquid crystal layer, so that there is no problem of the display panel or the transmittance of the transmittance decrease, the present invention nor change pixel electrode cutout (Slit) angle of the panel taste missing drop.

[0031] 图6显示本发明第一实施例的显示面板的示意图,图6是仅以图1中显示面板1的一个画素区100作为例示。 [0031] FIG. 6 shows a schematic view of a display panel according to a first embodiment of the present invention, FIG 6 is only the display 100 shown in FIG. 1 as in Example 1, a pixel region panel. 请同时参阅图1、图2、图3及图6,本发明第一实施例的显示面板中每个画素区100是皆分割成第一模式子画素区61及第二模式子画素区62,并在第一基板(如彩色滤光片基板)10上第一模式子画素区61的区域分别涂布不同的色料以形成红色子画素区(R)、蓝色子画素区(G)及绿色子画素区(B),而在第二模式子画素区62的区域,第一基板10上亦再形成另外的红色(R)、蓝色(G)及绿色(B)子画素区。 Please also refer to FIG. 1, FIG. 2, FIG. 3 and FIG. 6, the display panel of the first embodiment of the present invention are each of the pixel region 100 is divided into a first sub-pixel pattern region 61 and the second sub-pixel region 62 mode, and a first substrate (e.g. color filter substrate) 10 on a region of the first sub-pixel mode are different from region 61 to form the coating colors of the red sub-pixel regions (R), the blue sub-pixel regions (G) and the green sub-pixel region (B), in the region of the second region 62 of the sub-pixel mode, and then also form additional red (R), blue (G), and green (B) sub-pixel regions on the first substrate 10. 并且,第二基板(如薄膜晶体管数组基板)20上布建能够产生侧向电场以FFS技术驱动第一模式子画素区61的结构(如图2所示),第一模式子画素区61中的红蓝绿子画素区皆以FFS技术驱动。 And, a second substrate (e.g., a thin film transistor array substrate) can be provisioned lateral electric fields 20 generated in the first driving mode FFS technology sub-pixel region of the structure 61 (FIG. 2), in a first mode of sub-pixel region 61 red, blue and green sub-pixel area begin with FFS technology-driven. 另一方面,第二基板20上布建能够产生垂直电场以ECB技术驱动第二模式子画素区62的结构(如图3所示),第二模式子画素区62中的红蓝绿子画素区皆以ECB技术驱动。 On the other hand, the second substrate 20 can be provisioned to a vertical electric field mode ECB technology driving the second sub-pixel region of the structure 62 (FIG. 3), the second sub-pixel of red blue and green sub-pixel pattern in the region 62 District begin ECB technology-driven. 而且,第二基板20上亦设置第一开关(如第一薄膜晶体管15)及第二开关(如第二薄膜晶体管18),第一开关用以控制FFS的驱动,亦即控制侧向电场的产生,而第二开关用以控制ECB的驱动,亦即控制垂直电场的产生。 Also, the second substrate 20 are also provided a first switch (e.g., a first thin film transistor 15) and a second switch (e.g., a second thin film transistor 18), a first switch driver to control the FFS, i.e. the control side of the electric field generating, for driving the second switch ECB control, i.e. control of a vertical electric field. 当每个画素区100中的第一开关开启而第二开关关闭时,仅产生侧向电场,而垂直电场被关闭,此时是以FFS技术驱动第一模式子画素区61的各个红蓝绿子画素区,显示面板即进入第一显示模式,亦即广视角模式。 When each pixel region of the first switch and the second switch 100 is turned off, only the lateral electric field is generated, and the vertical electric field is turned off, when a first drive mode is FFS technology sub-pixel region of each of red blue and green 61 sub-pixel region, i.e., the display panel into the first display mode, i.e., a wide viewing angle mode. 相反地,当每个画素区100中的第二开关开启而第一开关关闭时,仅产生垂直电场,而侧向电场被关闭,此时是以ECB技术驱动第二模式子画素区52的各个红蓝绿子画素区,显示面板即进入第二显示模式,亦即窄视角模式。 Conversely, when each pixel region in the second switch 100 is turned on and the first switch off, only the vertical electric field is generated, and the lateral electric field is turned off, this time driving the second technique based on ECB mode region of each sub-pixel 52 red blue and green sub-pixel region, i.e., the display panel enters the second display mode, i.e., a narrow viewing angle mode. 本发明第一实施例的显示面板不管是在广视角模式抑或在窄视角模式,都能实现全彩显示。 The first embodiment of the present invention, an example of a display panel in a wide viewing angle mode regardless or whether the narrow viewing angle mode, full color display can be realized.

[0032] 图7显示本发明第二实施例的显示面板的示意图。 [0032] Figure 7 shows a schematic view of a second embodiment of a display panel of the embodiment of the present invention. 本发明第二实施例与第一实施例不同的是,在第二实施例中,第一基板10上第二模式子画素区62的区域是包含复数个透明子画素区(W),如三个(或以上)透明子画素区(W),而非红蓝绿子画素区。 The second embodiment of the present invention is different from the first embodiment in that, in the second embodiment, the first substrate region 10 on the second mode is a sub-pixel region 62 includes a plurality of transparent sub-pixel region (W), such as tris one (or more) transparent sub-pixel region (W), instead of red blue and green sub-pixel region. 相较于红蓝绿子画素区,透明子画素区(W)是未在第一基板10的滤光层23 (如图3所示)涂布色料而形成者。 Compared to the red blue and green sub-pixel region, transparent sub-pixel region (W) is not formed in the substrate 10 of the first filter layer 23 (shown in FIG. 3) by coating colors. 如图7所示,第二模式子画素区62的三个透明子画素区与第一模式子画素区61的红蓝绿子画素区分别以上下对应的方式配置,然亦可实施为其它配置方式,例如第二模式子画素区62的三个透明子画素区分别配置在第一模式子画素区61的红蓝绿子画素区之间、 左侧或右侧。 As shown embodiment, the second sub-pixel pattern of transparent regions three sub-pixel region and the first region 62 of the sub-pixel mode red blue and green sub-pixels are respectively more than 7, regions 61 corresponding to the configuration, however other configurations may be implemented as a mode, the second mode for example three sub-pixel region transparent sub-pixel region 62 are disposed between the first sub-pixel region pattern red blue and green sub-pixel region 61, left or right. 本发明第二实施例中,第二模式子画素区62的三个透明子画素区各以ECB技术驱动,适合用来显示文字等黑白画面,并且在以FFS技术驱动的第二显示模式时,透明子画素区的设置可使显示面板的透光度大为提升,提升广视角模式的显示质量。 The second embodiment of the present invention, the second sub-pixel region pattern three transparent sub-pixel region 62 to the respective drive ECB technique, suitable for displaying text and other black and white screen, and in a second display mode when the FFS technology driven, a transparent sub-pixel region of the display panel transmittance can greatly enhance, improve the display quality of the wide viewing angle mode. 另外,亦可实施为以ECB技术来驱动红蓝绿子画素区,而以FFS技术来驱动透明子画素区,使其在窄视角模式以全彩显示,而在广视角模式以黑白显示,端视需求来设计。 Further, as may be practiced technique to drive ECB red blue and green sub-pixel region, and is driven to FFS technology transparent sub-pixel region, to display in full color in the narrow viewing angle mode, the display mode in black and white in a wide viewing angle, end depending on design requirements.

[0033] 图8显示本发明第三实施例的显示面板的示意图。 [0033] FIG. 8 shows a schematic view of a display panel according to a third embodiment of the present invention. 本发明第三实施例与第二实施例不同的是,在第三实施例中,第一基板10上的第二模式子画素区62的区域是仅具有单一个透明子画素区(W),该透明子画素区(W)皆与第一模式子画素区61的红色子画素区(R)、 蓝色子画素区(B)及绿色子画素区(G)相邻,而在第二基板20上每个画素区100仅需相应地配置一个ECB区块,因此本实施例可降低显示面板内部构造及制作上的复杂度。 The third embodiment is different from the second embodiment of the present invention, in the third embodiment, the sub-pixel region of the second pattern region 10 on a first substrate 62 having a transparent only a single sub-pixel region (W), the transparent sub-pixel region (W) are in the first mode the sub-pixel region of the red sub-pixel regions (R) 61, and the blue sub-pixel region (B) sub pixel region and the green (G) adjacent to, and in the second substrate each pixel region 100 is only a correspondingly arranged on the ECB block 20, the present embodiment can reduce the complexity of the internal structure and manufacturing a display panel. 相较于第二实施例,虽然第三实施例的显示面板在以ECB技术驱动的显示模式下其分辨率会下降,但其透光度可大幅提升。 Compared to the second embodiment, although the display panel of the third embodiment decreases the resolution in the display mode to drive the ECB art, but the transmittance can be greatly improved. 另外,与第二实施例类似地,亦可实施为以ECB技术来驱动红蓝绿子画素区,而以FFS技术来驱动透明子画素区。 Further, similarly to the second embodiment can also be implemented as a technique to drive ECB red blue and green sub-pixel region, and is driven to FFS technology transparent sub-pixel region.

[0034] 图9显示本发明第四实施例的显示面板的示意图,图10显示本发明第五实施例的显示面板的示意图。 [0034] Figure 9 shows a schematic view of a display panel according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention, a schematic view of a display panel according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention, Figure 10 shows. 与第三实施例不同的是,在第四实施例与第五实施例中,第二模式子画素区62的单一个透明子画素区(W)仅与第一模式子画素区61的红色子画素区(R)、蓝色子画素区(B)及绿色子画素区(G)其中一者或二者的边相邻。 The third embodiment except that, in the fourth embodiment and the fifth embodiment, the second mode a single sub-pixel region 62 of the transparent sub-pixel region (W) in the first mode only the red sub-pixel sub-region 61 pixel region (R), the blue sub-pixel region (B) sub pixel region and the green (G) adjacent to one side or both. 在图9所示的第四实施例中, 第一模式子画素区61的红色子画素区、蓝色子画素区及绿色子画素区以及第二模式子画素区62的透明子画素区是呈直列排列,如图9所示,透明子画素区是配置在相对于红蓝绿子画素区的最外侧,然透明子画素区亦可实施为配置在红蓝绿子画素区中任两子画素区之间。 In the fourth embodiment shown in FIG. 9, a first sub-pixel region pattern red sub-pixel region 61, the blue sub-pixel region and the green sub-pixel regions and a second mode sub-pixel area 62 is transparent sub-pixel region was arranged in tandem, 9, transparent sub-pixel region is configured to configure any two sub-pixels in red blue and green sub-pixel region with respect to the outermost region of red blue and green sub-pixels, then transparent sub-pixel region may be practiced between the zones. 如图10所示的第五实施例中,第一模式子画素区61的红色子画素区、蓝色子画素区及绿色子画素区以及第二模式子画素区62的透明子画素区是呈棋盘格排列,如图10所示,透明子画素区是配置成与红蓝两子画素区的边相邻,然透明子画素区亦可实施为配置成与红绿或蓝绿两子画素区的边相邻。 The fifth embodiment shown in FIG. 10, a first sub-pixel region pattern red sub-pixel region 61, the blue sub-pixel region and the green sub-pixel regions and a second mode sub-pixel region transparent sub-pixel region 62 is in the form checkerboard arrangement shown in Figure 10, is a transparent sub-pixel region disposed adjacent to the edge region of the red and blue sub-pixels, it may be implemented as a red, green or blue-green configured to sub-pixel region and then two transparent sub-pixel region the adjacent side. 第四实施例及第五实施例的显示面板亦具有与第三实施例相同的,可使透光度大幅提升及可黑白显示的特性。 The display panel of the fourth embodiment and the fifth embodiment of the third embodiment also has the same embodiment, and can greatly enhance the light transmission characteristics may be black and white display. 类似地,第四实施例及第五实施例亦可实施为以ECB技术来驱动红蓝绿子画素区,而以FFS技术来驱动透明子画素区。 Similarly, the fourth embodiment and the fifth embodiment may also be implemented as a technique to drive ECB red blue and green sub-pixel region, and is driven to FFS technology transparent sub-pixel region.

[0035] 图11显示本发明第六实施例的显示面板的示意图。 [0035] FIG. 11 is a schematic view of a display panel of the sixth embodiment of the present invention. 本发明第六实施例与第一实施例类似,惟不同的是,在第六实施例中,每个画素区100的第二模式子画素区62仅包含另外的红色子画素区(R)、蓝色子画素区(B)及绿色子画素区(G)其中的一个,且每三个互为相邻的画素区100中第二模式子画素区62共具有一组红蓝绿子画素区,如图11所示,每个第二模式子画素区62内的红色、蓝色或绿色子画素区各对应第二基板20上的一个ECB区块来驱动。 The sixth embodiment of the present invention similar to the first embodiment, but the difference is that in the sixth embodiment, each of the pixel region 100 of the second sub-pixel pattern region 62 contains only additional red sub-pixel regions (R), the blue sub-pixel region (B) sub pixel region and the green (G) wherein one, three and each of the neighboring second pixel region 100 in common mode sub pixel region 62 having a set of red blue and green sub-pixel region , 11, each of the second sub-pixel region pattern of red, green, or blue sub-pixel region 62 in each corresponding block ECB on a second substrate 20 is driven. 第六实施例的显示面板相较于第一实施例在以ECB技术驱动来显示时其分辨率会下降,然仍可作为彩色显示。 The display panel of the sixth embodiment compared to the first embodiment in which when the resolution is lowered to ECB driven to display technology, and then still appear as a color. 在此概念下,亦可实施为在每几个相邻的画素区100或每几个相邻的第二模式子画素区62配置一个红色子画素区、一个蓝色子画素区或一个绿色子画素区,以更低的分辨率实现彩色显示。 In this concept can also be embodied in every several adjacent pixel region 100 or the second mode of each of several adjacent sub-pixel region 62 is disposed a red sub-pixel region, a blue sub-pixel region or a green sub pixel region to lower resolution color display. 类似地,第六实施例亦可实施为每一个或每几个第一模式子画素区61配置一个红色子画素区、一个蓝色子画素区或一个绿色子画素区,以实现FFS技术驱动下较低分辨率的彩色显示,而ECB技术驱动下较高分辨率的彩色显示。 Similarly, the sixth embodiment may also be implemented for each or every several sub-mode the first pixel region 61 is disposed a red sub-pixel region, a blue sub-pixel region or a green sub-pixel areas to achieve the FFS technology driven lower-resolution color display, and the ECB technology driven higher resolution color display.

[0036] 综上所述,虽然本发明已用较佳实施例揭露如上,然其并非用以限定本发明,本发明所属技术领域中具有通常知识者,在不脱离本发明的精神和范围内,当可作各种的更动与润饰,因此本发明的保护范围当视后附的申请专利范围所界定者为准。 [0036] Although the present invention has been disclosed above with the preferred embodiment, they are not intended to limit the invention, skilled in the art the present invention has ordinary knowledge, departing from the spirit and scope of the invention is not , may make various modifications and variations, so as to define the scope of the appended claims which are invention when the range of their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. 一种显示面板,其特征在于,包含:复数个画素区,每个画素区包含一第一模式子画素区及与该第一模式子画素区相邻的一第二模式子画素区;复数个液晶分子,分布于各个画素区,其中对应于该第一模式子画素区的液晶分子是由一侧向电场驱动而转动,而对应于该第二模式子画素区的液晶分子是由一垂直电场驱动而转动;以及一控制单元,用以控制该侧向电场及该垂直电场的开关;其中当该显示面板处于一第一显示模式时,该控制单元将该侧向电场开启,而将该垂直电场关闭,当该显示面板处于一第二显示模式时,该控制单元将该垂直电场开启,而将该侧向电场关闭。 1. A display panel comprising: a plurality of pixel regions, each pixel region comprises a first sub-pixel region pattern and the pattern adjacent to the first region of a second sub-pixel pattern sub-pixel region; a plurality of liquid crystal molecules of the liquid crystal molecules, located in each pixel region, wherein the liquid crystal molecules corresponding to the first sub-pixel region pattern is rotated by the driven side of an electric field, and the pattern corresponding to the second sub-pixel region is constituted by a a vertical electric field driving to rotate; and a control unit for controlling the switching of the lateral electric field and a vertical electric field; wherein when the display panel is a first display mode, the control unit is turned on the side of the electric field, and the the vertical electric field is turned off, when the display panel is a second display mode, the control unit is turned on the vertical electric field, whereas the lateral electric field is turned off.
2.根据权利要求1所述的显示面板,其特征在于,其中该第一模式子画素区包含一红色子画素区、一蓝色子画素区及一绿色子画素区。 2. The display panel according to claim 1, wherein the sub-pixel mode wherein the first region comprises a red sub-pixel region, a blue sub-pixel region and a green sub pixel region.
3.根据权利要求2所述的显示面板,其特征在于,其中该第二模式子画素区包含另一红色子画素区、另一蓝色子画素区及另一绿色子画素区。 The display panel according to claim 2, characterized in that the sub-pixel mode wherein the second region comprises another red sub-pixel region, the other region of the blue sub-pixel and the green sub-pixel region to another.
4.根据权利要求2所述的显示面板,其特征在于,其中该第二模式子画素区仅包含另一红色子画素区、另一蓝色子画素区及另一绿色子画素区其中的一者。 4. The display panel of claim 2, wherein the sub-pixel mode wherein the second region comprises another red sub-pixel region only, the other the blue sub-pixel area and the other area in which the green sub-pixel a By.
5.根据权利要求2所述的显示面板,其特征在于,其中该第二模式子画素区包含复数个透明子画素区。 The display panel according to claim 2, characterized in that the sub-pixel mode wherein the second region comprises a plurality of transparent sub-pixel region.
6.根据权利要求2所述的显示面板,其特征在于,其中该第二模式子画素区仅具有一个透明子画素区。 The display panel according to claim 2, wherein, wherein the second sub-pixel pattern having only a transparent region sub-pixel region.
7.根据权利要求6所述的显示面板,其特征在于,其中该第二模式子画素区的该透明子画素区皆与该第一模式子画素区的该红色子画素区、该蓝色子画素区及该绿色子画素区相邻。 The display panel according to claim 6, wherein the transparent sub-pixel region wherein the sub-pixel region of the second mode are the red sub-pixel region and the first sub-pixel region pattern, and the blue sub pixel area and the area adjacent to the green sub-pixel.
8.根据权利要求6所述的显示面板,其特征在于,其中该红色子画素区、该蓝色子画素区、该绿色子画素区及该透明子画素区是呈直列并排。 The display panel according to claim 6, wherein, wherein the red sub-pixel region, the blue sub-pixel region, the green sub-pixel region and the transparent region is in the form of sub-pixel line side by side.
9.根据权利要求6所述的显示面板,其特征在于,其中该红色子画素区、该蓝色子画素区、该绿色子画素区及该透明子画素区是呈棋盘格排列。 9. The display panel of claim 6, wherein, wherein the red sub-pixel region, the blue sub-pixel region, the green sub-pixel region and the transparent sub-pixel regions are arranged in a grid.
10. 一种显示面板,其特征在于,包含:一第一基板,其包含复数个画素区,每个画素区包含一第一模式子画素区及与该第一模式子画素区相邻的一第二模式子画素区;一第二基板,其与该第一基板平行相向设置,其中对应该第一模式子画素区,于该第二基板上设置有一第一画素电极及一第一共同电极,该第一画素电极及该第一共同电极是用以产生一侧向电场,而对应该第二模式子画素区,于该第二基板上设置有一第二画素电极且相应的该第一基板上设置有一第二共同电极,该第二画素电极及该第二共同电极是用以产生一垂直电场;一液晶层,其包含复数个液晶分子夹置于该第一基板及该第二基板之间,其中对应于该第一模式子画素区的液晶分子是由该侧向电场驱动而转动,而对应于该第二模式子画素区的液晶分子是由该垂直电场驱动而转动;以及 A display panel comprising: a first substrate comprising a plurality of pixel regions, each pixel region comprises a first sub-pixel region pattern and the pattern adjacent to the first sub-pixel region a the second mode of sub-pixel regions; a second substrate disposed to face parallel to the first substrate, wherein the mode corresponding to the first sub-pixel region, a first pixel electrode is provided with a first and a second common electrode on the substrate, , the first pixel electrode and the first common electrode is used for generating an electric field side, and the pattern corresponding to the second sub-pixel region, a second pixel electrode is provided corresponding to the first substrate and on the second substrate It is provided with a second common electrode, the second pixel electrode and the second common electrode is used for generating a vertical electric field; a liquid crystal layer comprising a plurality of the liquid crystal molecules sandwiched between the first substrate and the second substrate between, wherein the first mode corresponds to a sub-pixel area of ​​the liquid crystal molecules are rotated driven by the lateral electric field, and the liquid crystal molecules corresponding to the second sub-pixel region pattern is rotated by the driving of the vertical electric field; and 一第一开关及一第二开关,设置于该第二基板上,该第一开关用以控制该侧向电场,而该第二开关用以控制该垂直电场; 其中藉由该第一开关将该侧向电场开启及该第二开关将该垂直电场关闭,以使该显示面板处于一第一显示模式,而藉由该第二开关将该垂直电场开启及该第一开关将该侧向电场关闭,以使该显示面板处于一第二显示模式。 A first switch and a second switch, disposed on the second substrate, the first switch for controlling the lateral electric field, and the second switch for controlling the vertical field; wherein the first switch by the lateral electric field is turned on and the second switch off the vertical electric field, so that the display panel is in a first display mode, and by the second switch is turned on and the electric field perpendicular to the lateral electric fields of the first switch closed, so that the display panel is in a second display mode.
CN201110314146XA 2011-08-30 2011-10-17 Display panel CN102331646A (en)

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