CN102331084A - Air source heat pump water heater combined with fume exhauster - Google Patents

Air source heat pump water heater combined with fume exhauster Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102331084A
CN102331084A CN201110224009A CN201110224009A CN102331084A CN 102331084 A CN102331084 A CN 102331084A CN 201110224009 A CN201110224009 A CN 201110224009A CN 201110224009 A CN201110224009 A CN 201110224009A CN 102331084 A CN102331084 A CN 102331084A
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China
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evaporimeter
heat pump
water tank
water heater
condenser
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CN201110224009A
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Chinese (zh)
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侯全舵
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侯全舵
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Priority to CN201110224009A priority Critical patent/CN102331084A/en
Publication of CN102331084A publication Critical patent/CN102331084A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides an air source heat pump water heater combined with a fume exhauster, for solving the problem of lower efficiency caused by no utilization of other residual heat in the prior art. The technical scheme provided by the invention comprises the fume exhauster and a water heater; and the fume exhauster comprises an enclosure and a fan in the enclosure. The air source heat pump water heater comprises a water tank, a condenser, an evaporator, an expansion valve and a union pipe of the fume exhauster and the air source heat pump water heater; the compressor, the condenser, the evaporator, the expansion valve and the fume exhauster equipped with the evaporator are connected through the union pipe to form working medium circulation; the condenser is arranged at the water tank and is used for heating water in the water tank; and the evaporator is arranged in a smoke suction/ejection cavity of the enclosure of the fume exhauster. According to the invention, the evaporator is arranged in the fume exhauster, energy can be transferred to the evaporator by the high-temperature fume generated in the cooking process, so that the heat exchange efficiency and energy efficiency ratio are improved.

Description

Combination has the air energy heat pump water heater of kitchen hood
Technical field
The present invention relates to household electrical appliance, specifically, is with kitchen hood and the knockdown novel household electrical equipment of air energy heat pump water heater.
Background technology
Air energy heat pump water heater is also claimed air source hot pump water heater, Teat pump boiler, air-source water heater etc.Heat pump in the air energy heat pump water heater can absorb airborne low temperature heat energy come in, and is converted into high temperature heat through after the compressor compresses, the heating water temperature.Air energy heat pump water heater has energy-efficient characteristics.
Existing air energy heat pump water heater exists some shortcomings: during 1, with respect to winter; Because what use is that air can be as energy exchange; What absorb only is the small amount of thermal energy in the surrounding air, does not have too much air heat energy to absorb, and efficient is relatively low.2, evaporimeter then needs the configure dedicated blower fan, and comparatively speaking, cost is slightly high.3 and existing kitchen hood in the process of cooking waste heat such as the steam that produces and oil smoke, to atmosphere, heat energy is not used effectively by the kitchen hood suction.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of combination has the air energy heat pump water heater of kitchen hood, and it can solve the waste heat that does not utilize others that prior art exists, and receives seasonal effect, the problem that relative efficiency is lower.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above; Technical scheme of the present invention is; A kind of combination has the air energy heat pump water heater of kitchen hood, comprises kitchen hood and air energy heat pump water heater, and said lampblack absorber comprises blower fan, the volute of blower in casing, smoke collecting chamber, exhausting duct and the casing.Said air energy heat pump water heater comprises the online pipe of water tank, compressor, condenser, evaporimeter, expansion valve and lampblack absorber and air energy heat pump water heater; Said compressor, condenser, expansion valve and evaporimeter connect and compose the working medium circulation by online pipe; Said condenser is arranged on the water tank place; Be used for the water in the heating water tank inner bag, said evaporimeter is arranged in the smoking chamber of said lampblack absorber casing.
In technical scheme of the present invention, also have following additional technical feature:
Said evaporimeter is arranged on front air draught place of said blower fan.
Said blower fan is a horizontally set, or vertically is provided with, or is obliquely installed.Said evaporimeter is a horizontally set, or vertically is provided with, or is horizontally disposed with, or is obliquely installed.
Said evaporimeter is fixed through the casing of its peripheral panels and said lampblack absorber.
Said condenser is arranged in the inner bag of said water tank or inner bladder outer wall.
Said condenser is a coiled, and it is wrapped on the outer wall of inner bag of said water tank.
Said water tank is at least two, and a plurality of water tank is interconnected, and is equipped with condenser in the inner bag of each water tank, is interconnected between a plurality of condensers.
Said condenser is a plate-type condenser; Said plate-type condenser is arranged on the bottom of said inner water tank; Be provided with heat exchange water inlet pipe and heat exchange outlet pipe in the said inner water tank, said heat exchange water inlet pipe and heat exchange outlet pipe respectively with said plate-type condenser in the heat exchanging water pipe be communicated with.
Said compressor is arranged on the top or the bottom of said inner water tank, or is installed in the device installation cavity of water tank.
Said evaporimeter is a finned evaporator; Or a kind of combination of not finned tubular evaparator has the air energy heat pump water heater of kitchen hood; Comprise kitchen hood and air energy heat pump water heater, said lampblack absorber comprises the blower fan in casing and the casing, and said air energy heat pump water heater comprises water tank, compressor, condenser, evaporimeter, expansion valve and online pipe; Connect and compose the working medium circulation by online pipe between said compressor, condenser, expansion valve and the evaporimeter; Said condenser is arranged on the water tank place, is used for the water in the heating water tank inner bag, and said evaporimeter is arranged in the smoke extraction chamber of said kitchen hood casing.
Said evaporimeter is arranged in the smoke extraction chamber of said blower fan back.
Operation principle of the present invention and mode are following:
1, the cryogenic high pressure cold-producing medium forms gas liquid mixture and gets into evaporimeter after expansion valve throttling step-down, great amount of heat energy (Q1) in the oil smoke (air) when this moment, evaporimeter was drawn the cooking through the blower fan rotation.Impel the gas-liquid mixed working medium in the evaporimeter better to gasify, the working medium after the gasification can be carried the great amount of heat energy circulation of from air, drawing ExtremelyCompressor.During summer, will be discharged into indoorly, during winter, can cold air will be discharged into outdoor through the air channel conversion equipment through the cold air after the evaporimeter heat absorption.
2, the cold-producing medium after the evaporimeter heat absorption carries great amount of heat energy and gets into compressor with the gaseous state pattern; After compressor compresses, form high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant (heat of containing in the cold-producing medium this moment is divided into two parts: a part is through the evaporimeter heat Q1 that (in the air) absorbs from oil smoke, and a part is the heat Q2 that the electric energy in the input compressor changes into) when compressed refrigerant.
3, compressed high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant gets into condenser, and its heat content (Q1+Q2) is discharged the feed-tank inner cold water, and cold water can be heated to 55 ℃ (the highest about 65 ℃).
4, the cold-producing medium after the heat release gets into expansion valve mechanism with liquid pattern (or gas-liquid mixed), forms gas liquid mixture after the throttling step-down and gets into evaporimeter, so uninterrupted circulation.
The system works pattern of the integrated kitchen range of the lampblack absorber of band heat-exchanger rig of the present invention, band hot water function, band air conditioning function.
1. when summer, the user cooked, a machine system operating heat pump pattern will be discharged into indoor by remaining cold air after the evaporator heat absorption.Compressors and Fans can the discontinuity power consumption.
1. when the user cooked, if the tank water temperature reaches desired temperature, this moment, compressor quit work, and blower fan continues operation and arrives oil smoke discharge outdoor.
2. when stopping to cook, if water tank temperature remains on the water temperature setting value, this moment, compressor remained on the state of quitting work, and blower fan also quits work simultaneously.
3. if the water tank water temperature is lower than setting value, the startup work simultaneously of Compressors and Fans this moment continues the heating water tank water temperature through heat pump.
2. when winter, the user did not cook; After machine system earlier is heated to limiting temperature (environmental working condition decision heating-up temperature and time) by heat pump, starts electric auxiliary heating system automatically water temperature is heated to the machine system keeping warm mode that is in out of service after the set temperature value.
The present invention compared with prior art has the following advantages and good effect:
1, the present invention is arranged at evaporimeter in the kitchen hood, and evaporimeter can absorb the great amount of heat energy in the high-temperature oil smoke that produces in the process of cooking, thereby has improved heat exchange efficiency and Energy Efficiency Ratio.
2, because the blower fan of the kitchen hood that can use of blower fan of the present invention, therefore, it is lower that it compares existing air-source water heater cost.
3, be installed in the back of evaporimeter because of blower fan; And be positioned at the position of top, lampblack absorber air channel or side; Air channel fluid space and air draught speed have been increased; Air channel structure and air draught speed when can not work to blower fan in the position, inlet scoop that evaporimeter is installed in blower fan affect greatly, and have increased the service life of blower fan on the contrary.Because of when blower fan rotates, can directly sucking oil smoke in the air channel; The oil smoke that gets into the air channel must just can drain into outdoor through evaporator earlier; Because evaporimeter self inner loop cryogenic fluid, cryogenic fluid absorbs airborne a large amount of sensible heat of oil smoke and latent heat, makes airborne steam become the globule; Condense in evaporator surface; When oil smoke can be attached to evaporator surface during through evaporator, can flow to simultaneously in the integrated filter screen of base of evaporator with the evaporator surface globule and drain into the oil collection box or the outside of lampblack absorber, thereby reduce oil smoke attached to the ratio in the smokejack.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the system flow chart that a kind of combination of the present invention has the air-source water heater of kitchen hood;
1, kitchen hood; The 1-1 casing; 1-2, blower fan; 1-3, smoking chamber; 2, air-source water heater; 2-1, compressor;
2-2, evaporimeter; 2-3, condenser; 2-4, water tank; 2-5, system pipeline; 2-6, heating power expansion valve;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment 1 of a kind of combination of the present invention air-source water heater that kitchen hood is arranged;
A, air-source water heater; 1.1 external coiled pipe type condenser; 1.2 water tank; 1.3 compressor; 1.4 heating power expansion valve; 1.5 evaporimeter; 1.6 centrifugal blower; 1.7 oil collection box; 1.8 working medium snap joint; 1.9 kitchen hood; 2.0 casing; 2.1 smoking chamber; 2.2, the online pipe of working medium; 2.3 hot water effluent's valve; 2.4 cold water water intaking valve; 2.5 inner water tank; 2.6 device installation cavity;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment 2 of a kind of combination of the present invention air energy heat pump water heater that kitchen hood is arranged;
A, air-source water heater; 2.1 water tank; 2.2 compressor; 2.3 plate type heat exchanger; 2.4 heating power expansion valve; 2.5 water pump; 2.6 evaporimeter; 2.7 axial flow blower; 2.8 working medium snap joint; 2.9 oil-water discharge interface; 3.0 kitchen hood; 3.1 smoking chamber; 3.2 casing; 3.3 device installation cavity; 3.4 heat exchange cold water inlet; 3.5 heat exchange hot water outlet pipe; 3.6 hot water valve; 3.7 cold valves; 3.8 inner water tank;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment 3 of a kind of combination of the present invention air-source water heater that kitchen hood is arranged;
A, air-source water heater; 4.1 condenser; 4.2 inner water tank; 4.3 heating power expansion valve; 4.4 compressor; 4.5 evaporimeter; 4.6 centrifugal blower; 4.7 oil collection box; 4.8 working medium snap joint; 4.9 kitchen hood; 5.0 casing; 5.1 smoking chamber;
Fig. 5-1 and Fig. 5 the-the 2nd, and a kind of combination of the present invention has the structural representation of embodiment 4 of the air-source water heater of kitchen hood;
1-2.1 evaporimeter; 1-2.2 centrifugal blower; 1-2.3 oil smoke filter screen; 1-2.4 oil collection box; 1-2.5 exhaust outlet; 1-2.6 wind output channel; 1-2.7 evaporimeter circulation interface;
Fig. 6 is the systematic working medium circulation sketch map of a kind of combination of the present invention air energy heat pump water heater that kitchen hood is arranged;
1, air-source water heater; 2, condenser; 3, system's connecting line; 4, heating power expansion valve; 5, evaporimeter; 6, blower fan; 7, reservoir; 8, compressor.
The specific embodiment
It can be the operational mode that heats water and refrigeration that the present invention's combination has the mode of operation of the air-source water heater of kitchen hood.Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is described in detail.
Referring to Fig. 1, in order to utilize the high-temperature flue gas of kitchen hood 1, the evaporimeter 2-2 of air-source water heater 2 is arranged in the oil suction smoke chamber 1-3 of kitchen hood 1.Evaporimeter 2-2 is arranged on the front of blower fan 1-2, and promptly oil smoke should pass through centrifugal blower 1-2 through evaporator 2-2 earlier again.
Centrifugal blower 1-2 vertically is provided with, centrifugal blower 1-2 the inlet scoop facing to the side.Evaporimeter 2-2 vertically is provided with, and promptly long limit is at vertical direction.The left and right sides side plate that evaporimeter 2-2 utilizes self structure to have adopts tapping screw to be fixed on the inner casing of interior blower housing of casing 1-1 and lampblack absorber.
The condenser 2-3 of air-source water heater 2 is for circuitous coil-like, and it directly is contained in the inner bag 2-7 of water tank 2-4.Connect by online pipe 2-5 between condenser 2-3, evaporimeter 2-2 and the compressor 2-1.
When heating water, the HTHP Working medium gas that compressor 2-1 discharges is earlier through condenser 2-3, carries out heat exchange with water in the water tank 2-4, thereby water is heated.The cryogenic high pressure working medium that flows out from condenser 2-3 is gas-liquid mixed working medium behind expansion valve 2-6, after the entering evaporimeter 2-2 heat exchange, forms low-temp low-pressure gas and returns compressor 2-1, thereby accomplish the working medium circulation.
In the above-mentioned course of work, centrifugal blower 1-2 carries out air draught and air draft, serves as the fan action of former air-source water heater, and dual-use material has reduced cost.
Because evaporimeter 2-2 side absorbs the high-temperature flue gas that is produced in the process of cooking, make that the working medium in the evaporimeter 2-2 can better gasify, thereby can improve the heat exchange efficiency and the Energy Efficiency Ratio of air-source water heater 2.
Embodiment 1
Referring to Fig. 2, compressor 1.3 is in the device installation cavity 2.6 at water tank 1.2 tops, and condenser 1.1 is that many circles are coil-like, is wrapped on the outer wall of inner bag 2.5, forms the indirect form.
Blower fan 1.6 in the kitchen hood 1.9 is selected centrifugal blower for use, and evaporimeter 1.5 is located at the front portion of blower fan 1.6.Evaporimeter 1.5 all vertically is provided with blower fan 1.6, centrifugal blower 1.6 the inlet scoop facing to the evaporimeter 1.5 of side.Evaporimeter 1.5 is installed in the position, inlet scoop of the centrifugal blower 1.6 of kitchen hood 1.6.
Certainly, also can be according to the type of different lampblack absorbers, like European machine, Chinese style machine, lampblack absorbers such as side-suction type are selected the installation site of adjustment evaporimeter 1.5 in lampblack absorber.
In the present embodiment; A kind of new-type air energy heat pump water heater product of formation that kitchen hood 1.9 is combined with air energy heat pump water heater; Keep the original surface structure of lampblack absorber; Adopt the original centrifugal blower 1.6 of lampblack absorber, centrifugal blower 1.6 is mounted to lampblack absorber housing inside portion, increase the air channel fluid space.The needed evaporimeter 1.5 of air energy heat pump water heater A is installed to the position, inlet scoop of centrifugal blower 1.6, and the left and right sides side plate that utilizes evaporimeter 1.5 self structure to have adopts tapping screw to be directly fixed on centrifugal blower 1.6 shells and lampblack absorber inner casing top.Evaporimeter 1.5 and centrifugal blower 1.6 firmness have in use been strengthened.Keep the original outlet structure of lampblack absorber in centrifugal blower 1.6 exit positions, can there be any influence factor in the user in connecting use.Evaporimeter 1.5 is connected employing working medium snap joint 1.8 structures and connects with compressor 1.3, expansion valve 1.4, air-tightness is good, installs quick and convenient.Gather plumber's matter exit position at evaporimeter 1.5 and add the special-purpose snap joint of working medium; Be fixed in lampblack absorber inner casing outer wall; Capillary with evaporimeter 1.5 is connected with four hole export distributors again; Four hole distributor imports are connected with copper pipe, add working medium snap joint simultaneously at the copper pipe other end, are fixed in kitchen hood inner casing outer wall.Add oil collection box at base of evaporator profit directly directly is discharged into the lampblack absorber outside through oil collection box bottom opening place's copper pipe or other material pipeline; The user can be directly be connected this pipeline and profit be drained into outdoor with sewer pipe, also can use the greasy dirt unification that will discharge lampblack absorber to be discharged in the outside oil collection box that the user is provided with voluntarily separately.Heating water tank can be connected use through special-purpose quick connecting pipe with lampblack absorber, in installation process not only fast but also safety.
Because of centrifugal blower 1.6 is installed in position, kitchen hood 1.9 inside portion; Increased the air channel fluid space; Evaporimeter 1.5 is installed in air channel structure and the air draught speed of position, centrifugal blower inlet scoop can be to centrifugal blower 1.6 work the time affects greatly, also can increase the service life of centrifugal blower 1.6.Because when centrifugal blower 1.6 rotates, can directly suck oil smoke in the air channel; The oil smoke that gets into the air channel must just can be discharged outdoor through evaporator 1.5; Evaporimeter 1.5 self inner loop cryogenic fluid, cryogenic fluid absorbs airborne a large amount of sensible heat of oil smoke and latent heat, makes airborne steam become the globule; Condense in evaporimeter 1.5 surfaces; When oil smoke can be attached to evaporimeter 1.5 surfaces during through evaporator 1.5, can drain into kitchen hood 1.9 outsides along with the evaporimeter 1.5 surperficial globules flow in the oil collection box 1.7 of evaporimeter 1.5 bottoms simultaneously, visible; Evaporimeter 1.5 can play oil smoke to be separated and filtration, reduces oily viscous and the phenomenon that accumulates in the lampblack absorber.
The inner enamel storage-type inner bag 2.5 that adopts of heating water tank twines copper pipe condenser 1.1 at inner bag 2.5 outer walls, thereby forms indirect.Water tank 1.2 tops install pallet additional related accessory such as compressor 1.3 and expansion valve 1.4 are installed on the pallet.Inner bag 2.5 outer walls are hot water outlet 2.3 on the upper side, can be connected to the room that needs to use hot water according to demand, and inner bag 2.5 outer walls are that cold water inlet 2.4 directly connects the water supply pipe in the users home on the lower side.
Water tank 1.2 can be fitted with auxiliary electrical heating, temperature, pressure safety valve, temperature-sensitive pipe, magnesium rod, anti-electric wall coil road, sewage draining exit, cold and hot intake-outlet etc., can carry out electrical heating separately, to produce hot water.
In the present embodiment, evaporimeter 1.5 is a finned evaporator.See Fig. 2.
Embodiment 2
Referring to Fig. 3, in water tank 2.1 bottoms a device installation cavity 3.3 is set, compressor 2.2, plate-type condenser 2.3, water pump 2.5 all is provided with in this device installation cavity 3.3 with heating power expansion valve 2.4 parts such as grade.Condenser 2.3 is a plate-type condenser.
Water in the water tank 2.1 gets into the plate-type condenser 2.3 from plate-type condenser cold water inlet 3.4; After the cold water of entering plate-type condenser 2.3 is heated; Return in the inner bag of water tank 2.1 through heat exchange hot water outlet 3.5 by water pump 2.5 extractions, thereby reciprocation cycle realizes producing hot water through the working medium acting.
Blower fan 2.7 in the kitchen hood 3.0 is an axial flow blower, and evaporimeter 2.6 is located in the smoking chamber 3.1, and axial flow blower 2.7 is the horizontal cross setting; Evaporimeter also is the horizontal cross setting; The long limit that is evaporimeter 2.6 is at left and right directions, and evaporimeter 2.6 is following, and axial flow blower 2.7 is last.
In the present embodiment, the new-type air-source water heater of formation that kitchen hood 3.0 is combined with air energy heat pump water heater A.Keep the original surface structure of kitchen hood, adopt kitchen hood 3.0 original axial flow blowers 2.7, axial flow blower 2.7 is mounted to kitchen hood 3.0 housing tops, make the axial flow blower 2.7 of kitchen hood be in direct absorbing type.The needed evaporimeter 2.6 of heat pump is installed to the position, inlet scoop of axial flow blower 2.7; The left and right sides side plate that utilizes evaporimeter 2.6 self structure to have; Adopt tapping screw to be directly fixed on axial flow blower shell and kitchen hood 3.0 inner casing both sides, strengthened evaporimeter 2.6 and axial flow blower 2.7 firmness in use.Keep the original outlet structure of kitchen hood in axial flow blower 2.7 exit positions, exhaust outlet and axial flow blower 2.6 are in plumbness, make air draft more unimpeded, and can there be any influence factor in the user in connecting use.Compressor 2.2 and heating power expansion valve 2.4 among evaporimeter 2.6 and the water tank A through working medium snap joint 2.8 structures, use standard working medium tube connector to connect.Gather pipe media outlet position at evaporimeter 2.6 and add the special-purpose snap joint of working medium; Be fixed in kitchen hood inner casing outer wall; Again evaporimeter 2.6 capillaries are connected with four hole export distributors; Four hole distributor imports are connected with copper pipe, also add working medium snap joint at the copper pipe other end, are fixed in kitchen hood 3.0 inner casing outer walls.Install integrated filter structure additional at evaporimeter 2.6 front ends profit directly directly is discharged into the lampblack absorber outside through integrated filter screen bottom tapping copper pipe or other material pipeline; The user can be directly be connected this pipeline and profit be drained into outdoor with sewer pipe, also can use the greasy dirt unification that will get rid of lampblack absorber to be discharged in the outside oil collection box that the user is provided with voluntarily separately.Heating water tank A can be connected use through the special working refrigerant quick connecting pipe with kitchen hood 3.0, in installation process not only fast but also safety.
Because of axial flow blower 2.7 is installed in kitchen hood 3.0 air channel upper positions; Air channel fluid space and air draught speed have been increased; Evaporimeter 2.6 is installed in air channel structure and the air draught speed of position, axial flow blower 2.7 inlet scoop can be to axial flow blower 2.7 work the time affects greatly, also can increase the service life of axial flow blower 2.7.Because of when axial flow blower 2.7 rotates, can directly sucking oil smoke in the air channel; The oil smoke that gets into the air channel must just can drain into outdoor through evaporator 2.6; Evaporimeter self inner loop cryogenic media; Cryogenic fluid absorbs airborne a large amount of sensible heat of oil smoke and latent heat, makes airborne steam become the globule, condenses in evaporator surface; When oil smoke can not flow in the integrated filter screen of evaporimeter 2.6 bottoms with the evaporator surface globule attached to evaporimeter 2.6 surfaces during through evaporator 2.6 simultaneously, discharge kitchen hoods 3.0 outsides through oil-water discharge interface 2.9.
The heating water tank 2.1 inner enamel storage-type inner bags 3.8 that adopt; Heater cooperates compressor to adopt plate type heat exchanger to add independently; Use the heating of water pump forced circulation, related accessory such as compressor, plate type heat exchanger, heating power expansion valve, water pump are mounted in the device installation cavity 3.3 of inner water tank bottom, and inner water tank and accessory installing space are isolated; Add support fixation support and pallet, be used for bracketing water tank 2.1.Inner bag 3.8 outer walls are hot water effluent's valve 3.6 on the upper side, can be connected to the room that needs to use hot water according to demand, and outer wall is that cold valves 3.7 directly connects water supply pipe in the users home on the lower side.
Heating water tank 2.1 can be furnished with auxiliary electrical heating, temperature, pressure safety valve, temperature-sensitive pipe, magnesium rod, Fang Dianqiang, sewage draining exit, plate type heat exchanger, water pump, cold and hot intake-outlet etc.Can select auxiliary electrical to heat Fast Heating hot water at short notice through the environment temperature conversion in season, the user also can start electric assistant heating function separately, directly the cold water in the inner water tank is heated use, so that user's multinomial selection.
Embodiment 3
Referring to Fig. 4, inner water tank 4.2 is two, and compressor 4.4 is located at the centre of two inner water tanks 4.2, and two condensers 4.1 are coil-like being interconnected, and under water.
Kitchen hood 4.9 is selected centrifugal blower 4.6 for use; Evaporimeter 4.5 is located in the smoking chamber 5.1 of kitchen hood 4.9; Evaporimeter 4.5 all vertically is provided with centrifugal blower 4.6; And evaporimeter 4.5 is located at the front portion (being that oil smoke is earlier through evaporator) of blower fan 4.6, and the bottom of evaporimeter 4.6 is facing to the smoke collecting chamber smoking port of kitchen hood 4.9.
In the present embodiment; With the kitchen hood formed new-type air energy heat pump water heater that combines with air energy heat pump water heater A; Keep the original surface structure of lampblack absorber; Adopt the original centrifugal blower of kitchen hood, centrifugal blower is mounted to lampblack absorber housing inside portion, increase the air channel fluid space.The needed evaporimeter 4.5 of heat pump is installed to the position, inlet scoop of centrifugal blower; The left and right sides side plate that utilizes evaporimeter 4.5 self structure to have; Adopt tapping screw to be directly fixed on centrifugal blower shell and lampblack absorber inner casing top, strengthened evaporimeter 4.5 and centrifugal blower firmness in use.Keep the original outlet structure of lampblack absorber in the centrifugal blower exit position, can there be any influence factor in the user in connecting use.Evaporimeter 4.5 is connected employing medium quick coupling structure and connects with water tank.Gather plumber's matter exit position at evaporimeter 4.5 and add the special-purpose snap joint 4.8 of working medium; Be fixed in lampblack absorber inner casing outer wall; Capillary with evaporimeter 4.5 is connected with four hole export distributors again; Four hole distributor imports are connected with copper pipe, also add medium snap joint at the copper pipe other end, are fixed in lampblack absorber inner casing outer wall.Add oil collection box at base of evaporator profit directly directly is discharged into the kitchen hood outside through oil collection box bottom aperture place's copper pipe or other material pipelines; The user can be directly be connected this pipeline and profit be drained into outdoor with sewer pipe, also can use the greasy dirt unification that will get rid of lampblack absorber to be discharged in the outside oil collection box that the user is provided with voluntarily separately.Heating water tank can be connected use through special-purpose quick connecting pipe with kitchen hood, in installation process not only fast but also safety.
Because of centrifugal blower 4.6 is installed in position, kitchen hood 4.9 inside portion; Increased the air channel fluid space; Air channel structure and air draught speed when evaporimeter is installed in position, centrifugal blower inlet scoop and can work to centrifugal blower cause too big influence, have increased the service life of centrifugal blower on the contrary.Because when centrifugal blower 4.6 rotates, can directly suck oil smoke in the air channel; The oil smoke that gets into the air channel must just can drain into outdoor through evaporator 4.5; Evaporimeter 4.5 self inner loop cryogenic fluid, cryogenic fluid absorbs airborne a large amount of sensible heat of oil smoke and latent heat, makes airborne steam become the globule; Condense in evaporator surface; When oil smoke can not stick to evaporimeter 4.5 surfaces during through evaporator 4.5, can flow to simultaneously in the oil collection box 4.7 of evaporimeter 4.5 bottoms with the evaporimeter 4.5 surperficial globules and drain into the lampblack absorber outside, evaporimeter plays oil smoke 4.5 this moments to be separated and filtration.It is thus clear that evaporimeter 4.5 can play the minimizing oil smoke and stick to the phenomenon in the lampblack absorber, thereby kitchen hood is more cleaned than prior art.
The inner two storage-type inner bags of enamel that adopt of heating water tank; Condenser 4.1 carries out the heat exchange heating for the built-in water tank inside that is installed on; Related accessory such as compressor 4.4, expansion valve 4.3 are installed in the device installation cavity of two inner water tanks, 4.2 centres, add bracing frame and support.Two inner bag water tanks can carry out the mutual circulation heating, improve Energy Efficiency Ratio thus, and the attenuating energy waste is more energy-conservation.Inner bladder outer wall is hot water outlet on the upper side, can be connected to the room that needs to use hot water according to demand, and outer wall directly connects water pipe in the users home for water inlet on the lower side.Heating water tank can be furnished with auxiliary electrical heating, temperature, pressure safety valve, temperature-sensitive pipe, magnesium rod, anti-electric wall coil road, sewage draining exit, cold and hot intake-outlet etc. equally, and the user can select the auxiliary electrical heat form according to factors such as seasons.
Embodiment 4
Referring to Fig. 5-1 and Fig. 5-2, what this embodiment was different with the foregoing description is, evaporimeter 1-2.1 is arranged in the smoke extraction chamber of blower fan 1-2.3 back of kitchen hood.Oil smoke arrives evaporimeter 1-2.1 behind the process blower fan 1-2.3 earlier again, and then discharges from exhaust outlet 1-2.5.
In the foregoing description 1-4, the installation dimension of evaporimeter is about: 360mm (highly) X332mm (width) X75mm (thickness), but evaporimeter heat exchange area size is about: 356.54mm (highly) X250mm (width) X64.95mm (thickness).Evaporator size changes with the lampblack absorber structural change.
Referring to Fig. 6; Air energy heat pump water heater of the present invention is the latest generation air energy heat pump water heater product that the lampblack absorber structure is combined with air energy heat pump water heater; Its operation principle is: control system for heat pump is combined in the kitchen hood, both are organically combined.The high-temperature flue gas that produces when cooking through utilizing smoke exhaust ventilator to extract absorbs the great amount of heat energy in the high-temperature flue gas that produces when cooking through heat pump then, and carries out the heat conversion, is used for heat hot water.Heat pump adopts contrary Carnot's principle, with less electric energy, absorbs a large amount of heat energy in the air; Compression through compressor becomes high temperature heat, transfers to water tank, heat hot water; The principle of utilization heat pump can reduce the electric energy that consumes part, produces high-temperature-hot-water with heating.
System work process: after starting kitchen hood, blower fan 6 beginning high speed rotating, compressor 8 is also started working simultaneously.High-temperature oil smoke is extracted in blower fan 6 work; Oil smoke passes evaporimeter 5 then through smoke collecting chamber, smoking chamber; Cold-producing medium in the evaporimeter 5 absorbs in the high-temperature oil smoke and is vaporized into low-temp low-pressure gas after the great amount of heat energy, and low-temp low-pressure gas is compressed into high temperature, high pressure liquid in compressor 8 then, transfers to then in the condenser 2 of water tank; Carry out heating through heat conversion, thereby realize adding the hot water circulation cold water.
Suction smoke exhaust ventilator of the present invention adopts intelligent control, carries out temperature detection through external temperature sensor, determines whether to cook through detected environment temperature.When detecting when cooking, centrifugal blower can be worked always, even the water temperature in the water tank has reached the temperature of setting, have only compressor to close this moment, and centrifugal blower is still in running order, and this moment, smoke exhaust ventilator only played the effect of getting rid of oil smoke.When detecting when not cooking, the water temperature in the water tank does not reach the temperature of setting, and compressor and blower fan all are in normal operating conditions, and after water temperature had reached design temperature, compressor at first quit work, and blower fan postpones also to quit work after about 20 seconds.So work is carried out in circulation.Temperature control aspect adopts the control mode of two temperature controls, at the upper and lower temperature sensor that all is equipped with of water tank, can detect the upper and lower real time temperature of inner water tank respectively.Automatically control heat hot water through temperature about detecting in the inner water tank.After water temperature dropped to uniform temperature, the heat pump startup added hot water, and after water temperature reached setting value, heat pump was closed, and quit work after blower fan is delayed.Can carry out the setting of various modes at work, like heat pump mode, the electrical heating pattern; Energy saver mode, intelligent mode etc.; Parameters such as the temperature, the timing that need heat hot water are provided with are set when initial, in water tank, add auxilliary electric control, below water tank, add heating tube; When the needs Fast heating water temp, can start electric assistant heating function.Add defencive function in the control system, on the press blast pipe, temperature sensor is installed, undesired when system works, after the detected excessive discharge temperature, quit work.
Kitchen hood of the present invention can be various forms of kitchen hoods such as European machine, Chinese style machine.
The above only is preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not to be the restriction of the present invention being made other form, and any professional and technical personnel of being familiar with possibly utilize the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement to change or be modified as the equivalent embodiment of equivalent variations.Allly do not break away from technical scheme content of the present invention, to any simple modification, equivalent variations and remodeling that above embodiment did, still belong to the protection domain of technical scheme of the present invention according to technical spirit of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a combination has the air energy heat pump water heater of kitchen hood; Comprise kitchen hood and air energy heat pump water heater; Said lampblack absorber comprises the blower fan in casing and the casing; Said air energy heat pump water heater comprises water tank, compressor, condenser, evaporimeter, expansion valve and online pipe, connects and composes the working medium circulation by online pipe between said compressor, condenser, expansion valve and the evaporimeter, and said condenser is arranged on the water tank place; Be used for the water in the heating water tank inner bag, it is characterized in that: said evaporimeter is arranged in the smoking chamber of said kitchen hood casing.
2. a kind of combination according to claim 1 has the air energy heat pump water heater of kitchen hood, it is characterized in that: said evaporimeter is arranged on air draught place of said blower fan front.
3. a kind of combination according to claim 2 has the air energy heat pump water heater of kitchen hood, it is characterized in that: said blower fan is a horizontally set, or vertically is provided with; Or be obliquely installed, said evaporimeter is a horizontally set, or vertically is provided with; Or be horizontally disposed with, or be obliquely installed.
4. a kind of combination according to claim 2 has the air energy heat pump water heater of kitchen hood, it is characterized in that: said evaporimeter is fixed through the fan casing of its kitchen hood casing periphery side plate and said kitchen hood.
5. the air energy heat pump water heater that lampblack absorber is arranged according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 described a kind of combinations; It is characterized in that: said condenser is arranged in the inner bag of said water tank; Perhaps said condenser is a coiled, and it is wrapped on the outer wall of said inner water tank.
6. the air energy heat pump water heater that kitchen hood is arranged according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 described a kind of combinations; It is characterized in that: said water tank is at least two; And a plurality of water tanks are interconnected, and are equipped with condenser in the inner bag of each water tank, are interconnected between a plurality of condensers.
7. the air energy heat pump water heater that kitchen hood is arranged according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 described a kind of combinations; It is characterized in that: said condenser is a plate-type condenser; Said plate-type condenser is arranged on the bottom of said inner water tank; Be provided with heat exchange water inlet pipe mouth and heat exchange effluent pipe mouth in the said inner water tank, said heat exchange water inlet pipe mouth and heat exchange effluent pipe mouth respectively with said plate-type condenser in the heat exchanging water pipe be communicated with.
8. the air energy heat pump water heater of kitchen hood is arranged according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 described a kind of combinations, and it is characterized in that: said compressor is arranged on said inner water tank top or bottom, or is installed in the device installation cavity in the water tank.
9. a combination has the air energy heat pump water heater of kitchen hood; Comprise kitchen hood and air energy heat pump water heater; Said lampblack absorber comprises the blower fan in casing and the casing; Said air energy heat pump water heater comprises water tank, compressor, condenser, evaporimeter, expansion valve and online pipe, connects and composes the working medium circulation by online pipe between said compressor, condenser, expansion valve and the evaporimeter, and said condenser is arranged on the water tank place; Be used for the water in the heating water tank inner bag, it is characterized in that: said evaporimeter is arranged in the smoke extraction chamber of said kitchen hood casing.
10. a kind of combination according to claim 9 has the air energy heat pump water heater of kitchen hood, it is characterized in that: said evaporimeter is arranged in the smoke extraction chamber of said blower fan back.
CN201110224009A 2011-08-05 2011-08-05 Air source heat pump water heater combined with fume exhauster Pending CN102331084A (en)

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CN103225879A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-07-31 广西玉林宏江能源科技有限公司 Heat pump water heating and lampblack exhausting integrated machine
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CN105890166A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-08-24 武汉崇文新科技有限公司 Kitchen heat energy recycling system
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CN109764377A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-05-17 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 A kind of energy resource system and its control method
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CN111486501A (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-08-04 常州大学 Intelligent uniform kang body adjusting system with multi-energy co-generation function
CN111878866A (en) * 2020-07-21 2020-11-03 佛山市顺德区美的洗涤电器制造有限公司 Fume extractor and combined equipment with fume extractor and cooking bench

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CN102788379A (en) * 2012-06-07 2012-11-21 武汉米字科技有限公司 Purifying range hood capable of recovering waste heat
CN102788379B (en) * 2012-06-07 2014-10-22 武汉米字科技有限公司 Purifying range hood capable of recovering waste heat
CN103225879A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-07-31 广西玉林宏江能源科技有限公司 Heat pump water heating and lampblack exhausting integrated machine
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CN104456682A (en) * 2014-12-23 2015-03-25 广东美的厨房电器制造有限公司 Range hood
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CN106524269A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-03-22 张国华 Range hood
CN108088074A (en) * 2017-12-03 2018-05-29 天津大学 Novel oil smoke heat recovery system and method based on absorption heat pump
CN109764377A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-05-17 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 A kind of energy resource system and its control method
CN109798568A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-05-24 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 A kind of control method of energy resource system
CN109764377B (en) * 2019-01-09 2020-11-03 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 Energy system and control method thereof
CN109798568B (en) * 2019-01-09 2020-12-25 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 Control method of energy system
CN111486501A (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-08-04 常州大学 Intelligent uniform kang body adjusting system with multi-energy co-generation function
CN111878866A (en) * 2020-07-21 2020-11-03 佛山市顺德区美的洗涤电器制造有限公司 Fume extractor and combined equipment with fume extractor and cooking bench

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