CN102328639B - Battery-replacing system and charging system of electromobile - Google Patents

Battery-replacing system and charging system of electromobile Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102328639B
CN102328639B CN 201110225525 CN201110225525A CN102328639B CN 102328639 B CN102328639 B CN 102328639B CN 201110225525 CN201110225525 CN 201110225525 CN 201110225525 A CN201110225525 A CN 201110225525A CN 102328639 B CN102328639 B CN 102328639B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
power brick
platform
battery
electric
rod
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN 201110225525
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102328639A (en
Inventor
梅声
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangdong Sai Dao New Energy Automobile Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
梅声
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 梅声 filed Critical 梅声
Priority to CN 201110225525 priority Critical patent/CN102328639B/en
Publication of CN102328639A publication Critical patent/CN102328639A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102328639B publication Critical patent/CN102328639B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a battery-replacing system of an electromobile and a charging system matched with the battery-replacing system. The battery-replacing system of the electromobile comprises a battery-replacing unit for replacing a battery for a battery replacing bath of the electromobile; the battery-replacing unit comprises a bracket, an inclined sliding rod, a battery pack platform and a mainshaft, wherein the one end of the inclined sliding rod is connected with a bracket; the battery pack platform can move front and back as well as left and right; the battery pack platform can slide up and down along the inclined sliding rod, and a battery fixing device capable of preventing a battery pack from sliding at will is arranged on the battery pack platform; and the main shaft is arranged at the bottom of the bracket, a moving block which can move along the mainshaft is arranged on the mainshaft, and the moving block is connected with the battery pack platform through a connecting rod. The charging system and the battery-replacing system are matched for use, so that the replaced battery can be professionally charged in time. The battery-replacing system and the charging system of the electromobile can achieve the purposes that batteries can be rapidly and safely replaced for various electromobiles and the replaced batteries can be rapidly and professionally charged, and have the advantages of small occupying space, labor and material saving and availability of wide application.

Description

Battery-driven car changes electricity and charge system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of electric system that changes of the fast quick change electricity of battery-driven car of realizing reaches as being replaced the charge system of quickly charging battery.
Background technology
Battery-driven car as the energy, is the green traffic instrument with electric power.Particularly, battery-driven car is loaded onto battery, and this battery provides power source for battery-driven car.Because the electric energy of storage is certain in the battery of electric vehicle, therefore, in the situation that the distance of the battery-driven car wheeled that do not charge is limited.In order to make the battery-driven car longer distance of can travelling, also there are some to be arranged on the highway limit provides charging specially for battery-driven car battery-charging station at present.This battery-charging station is similar to the petrol service station of general-utility car, and is complete or when being about to run out of, battery-driven car can charge to battery in battery-charging station when the battery consumption of battery-driven car; After battery was full of electricity, battery-driven car can continue to travel.
But when battery-driven car charged to battery in battery-charging station, one or two hours at least, seven or eight hours at most, for a long time parking of car owner can bring inconvenience.Also someone selects to change battery box, but present to change electric facility comparatively huge, takes up an area space of planes large, and the loading and unloading of battery are difficulty, needs the larger manpower and materials of cost, operates very inconvenient.
Summary of the invention
For the problems referred to above, the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of can be the electric system that changes that electric groove changes electricity that changes of battery-driven car fast, accurately, safely, and is used in conjunction with, can be the charge system that is replaced the battery-efficient charging with the described electric system that changes.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is: a kind of electricity change system of electric car, comprise the electric unit that changes that is used to the electric groove of changing of battery-driven car to change electricity, and the described electric unit that changes comprises: support; The inclination slide bar that is connected with support; With the movable power brick platform that is connected of described inclination slide bar, described power brick platform comprises: the sliding rack that movablely is connected with described inclination slide bar, can slides along described inclination slide bar, and be located on the described sliding rack and can be after described sliding rack be gone forward the movable decking of sway, described movable decking is provided with the anchor fitting that can prevent that power brick from arbitrarily sliding; Be located at the main shaft of described frame bottom, described main shaft is provided with can be along the movable block of described main axle moving, and described movable block is connected with described power brick platform by connecting rod.
The described electric unit that changes is located at subsurface in use, and described support is connected with the inclination slide bar and consists of the whole outrigger that changes electric unit, by the anchor fitting on the movable decking of described power brick platform power brick is fixed on the movable decking.When changing electricity, movable block on the main shaft begins mobile along main shaft, the connecting rod that moves through of movable block drives the power brick platform along the upwards lifting slip of inclination slide bar, when the power brick platform slides into default position (described predeterminated position is consistent with the electric groove height of changing of battery-driven car), the sliding rack of power brick platform is fixed, made it no longer continue upward sliding along described inclination slide bar; And since the movable decking of power brick platform can be after described sliding rack be gone forward sway, therefore when the sliding rack of power brick platform maintained static, the movable decking of power brick platform can continue all around to move in the horizontal direction.On the described movable decking fixing power brick with change electric groove and be in the same level height, at this moment, described movable decking continues to move forward the electric groove that changes of close described battery-driven car along the sliding rack of described power brick, in the process that described movable decking moves forward, by adjusting the sway of described movable decking, so that the power brick that is fixed on the movable decking is aimed at the port that changes electric groove.Be described movable decking sway when moving forward, so that fixing power brick is being changed electric groove and aimed at the port that changes electric groove in close to described on the described movable decking.One end of power brick is fixed on the anchor fitting place of described movable decking, the other end of power brick protrudes outside described movable decking, therefore after working as power brick and the port that changes electric groove aimed at, along with moving forward of described movable decking, one end of the power brick of protrusion outside described movable decking will arrive first the port position of changing electric groove, and enter into from the port that changes electric groove and to change electric groove.Partly enter into fully when changing electric groove when protruding power brick described movable decking outside, described movable decking stops to move forward, at this moment, anchor fitting on the described movable decking is unclamped, power brick is in movable state, by power brick being applied one to the thrust of changing electric groove direction, promoting not enter the power brick part of changing in the electric groove enters into change electric groove fully, new power brick promotes to change that original power brick constantly slides backward in the electric groove, until skid off the electric groove of changing of battery-driven car, realize changing electricity.
As improvement of the technical scheme, the movable decking of described power brick platform comprises: the lower platform of being located on the described sliding rack, also can sliding along described sliding rack front and back; Be located on the described lower platform, and the upper mounting plate that can horizontally slip along described lower platform; Described upper mounting plate is provided with the anchor fitting that can prevent that power brick from arbitrarily sliding.The movable decking of described power brick platform comprises lower platform and upper mounting plate, lower platform is realized moving forward and backward on described sliding rack, when being used for changing electricity, when sliding rack was fixed on described inclination slide bar, lower platform drove power brick on the described movable decking and continues to move forward the electric groove that changes near battery-driven car; Upper mounting plate is realized the sway in described movable decking, is used for adjusting the power brick that is fixed on described anchor fitting place on the described upper mounting plate and aims at the port that changes electric groove.In the practice, close or away from the port that changes electric groove as long as can realize that the power brick that is fixed on the described movable decking can move forward and backward, but and sway, the port that aligning changes electric groove gets final product.
As improvement of the technical scheme, be fixed with slide bar on the described sliding rack, be fixed with the slide block that matches and slide with described slide bar below the described lower platform; Be fixed with the slide bar and the screw mandrel that are parallel to each other above the described lower platform, the port of described screw mandrel is connected be used to the motor that drives the rotation of described screw mandrel, is fixed with the slide block that matches with described slide bar, the screw mandrel ball that matches with described screw mandrel below the described upper mounting plate.In the practice, the screw mandrel of fixing above the described lower platform also available linear electric motors replaces, as long as can realize driving described upper mounting plate along described lower platform sway.Slide bar on the described sliding rack is parallel with horizon, and described lower platform slides by the fixing front and back of slide block realization on described sliding rack of sliding of matching with described sliding rack upper slide bar, below; Above the described lower platform on fixing slide bar and screw mandrel and the described sliding rack fixing slide bar vertical, upper mounting plate can be by following fixing slide block and high speed ball screw assembly or the sway of linear electric motors realization on lower platform.
As improvement of the technical scheme, described upper mounting plate is provided with for the induction electricity motor-car and changes the position of electric groove and adjust the magnetic strength device of upper mounting plate sway; Described magnetic strength device can induce the position that battery-driven car changes electric groove, and adjusts the upper mounting plate sway, so that the power brick that is fixed on the upper mounting plate is aimed at the port that battery-driven car changes electric groove.
As improvement of the technical scheme, be used on the described upper mounting plate preventing that the anchor fitting that power brick is arbitrarily slided from being at least one electromagnet.Described electromagnet prevents the random slip of power brick in the situation that energising can firmly hold power brick one end on the upper mounting plate; When needs unclamp anchor fitting, disconnect the power supply of described electromagnet, electromagnet is to the fixedly disappearance of described power brick, and power brick is in movable state, and control is convenient, can be according to size and needs design one, two or more electromagnet of power brick.
As improvement of the technical scheme, described upper mounting plate is provided with for promoting power brick and enters the cylinder that changes electric groove.When changing electricity, partly enter into fully when changing electric groove when protruding power brick described movable decking outside, some power brick does not enter into changes electric groove, at this moment, back at described upper mounting plate anchor fitting is provided with cylinder, start cylinder, the air-leg of described cylinder will promote not enter into the power brick of changing electric groove and partly further enter into and change electric groove, change electricity more convenient.
As improvement of the technical scheme, the default position of described inclination slide bar is fixed with electromagnet.When power brick platform upward sliding when the described predeterminated position, by the adhesive effect of described electromagnet, the sliding rack of power brick platform is fixed on the inclination slide bar; After changing electricity and finishing, disconnect the power supply of electromagnet, described power brick platform is lower in the effect of the effect of self gravitation and screw mandrel, along described inclination slide bar downslide.
As improvement of the technical scheme, described upper mounting plate is provided with and can makes the to the left or to the right slewing arrangement of half-twist of upper mounting plate.In the practice, described slewing arrangement can adopt high pulling torque moment rotating machine, can make to the left or to the right half-twist of upper mounting plate by this kind motor, can realize changing electricity to the electric groove of changing of upper mounting plate left and right sides elec. vehicle equally.
As improvement of the technical scheme, the described outerface of spindle is provided with screw thread, the port of described main shaft is connected be used to the motor that drives described main shaft rotation, described movable block is provided with the screw thread that matches with the described outerface of spindle, and described movable block is connected with lower platform, the sliding rack of described power brick platform by first connecting rod, second connecting rod respectively.But the motor rotating that is connected with described main shaft can drive described main shaft cw or left-hand revolution, thereby realizes the sway of described movable block on described main shaft.Described movable block is connected with lower platform, the sliding rack of described power brick platform by first connecting rod, second connecting rod respectively, when described power brick platform during along inclination slide bar upward sliding to default position, second connecting rod and the described movable block that connects sliding rack can be broken away from, adhesive by electromagnet fixing on the inclination slide bar is fixed on sliding rack on the inclination slide bar; And the first connecting rod that connects lower platform still is connected with described movable block, and therefore, described movable block can continue to drive described lower platform and move forward.
As improvement of the technical scheme, described first connecting rod and second connecting rod are inverted " recessed " character form structure, the upper end of described first connecting rod, second connecting rod is connected with lower platform, the sliding rack of described power brick platform respectively, the groove part of described first connecting rod, second connecting rod lower end and described movable block are flexibly connected, described first connecting rod, second connecting rod can move up and down along described movable block, and the length of the first connecting rod of described movable block below is greater than the length of second connecting rod.When movable block drives power brick platform upward sliding, the groove part of described first connecting rod, first connecting rod moves up gradually, because the length of movable block below first connecting rod is greater than the length of second connecting rod, when therefore second connecting rod drive sliding rack arrives default position, second connecting rod will break away from from movable block first, sliding rack is under the adhesive effect of the fixing electromagnet of described inclination slide bar, be fixed on the described inclination slide bar, the continuation movement of movable block will no longer drive the sliding rack that is connected with second connecting rod and move up.And first connecting rod does not also break away from from described movable block, and the movement of movable block will continue to drive the lower platform that is connected with described first connecting rod and move forward.This kind design is so that second connecting rod can break away from from movable block automatically, and structure design is ingenious.The length of described first connecting rod, second connecting rod and the length difference between the two can be set as required.
As improvement of the technical scheme, respectively the headstock of battery-driven car and the tailstock be provided with one for battery-driven car provide new battery guarantee replacement electricity or the power brick accepting to be changed in the battery-driven car change electric unit.The described electric unit that changes is provided with two, be located at respectively headstock and the tailstock of battery-driven car, one of them changes electric unit and is used to battery-driven car that the new battery electricity of guaranteeing replacement is provided, and another changes electric unit and is used for accepting the power brick that battery-driven car is changed, and changes electric process more scientific and reasonable.
The charge system that a kind of and above-mentioned electricity change system of electric car is used in conjunction with, described charge system comprises charhing unit, described charhing unit is identical with the described power brick podium level that changes electric unit medium dip slide bar bottom, described charhing unit comprises charging unit, be located at the transmission slide plate at charging unit two ends, described transmission slide plate is provided with the carriage that power brick is slided to any direction, and the transmission slide plate at described charging unit two ends is corresponding with two power brick platforms that change electric unit medium dip slide bar bottom respectively.Preferably, the carriage on the described transmission slide plate is some circular balls.After changing the electricity end, the power brick platform of accepting the power brick of being changed slides into the bottom of inclination slide bar gradually, need to charge to the power brick of being changed on the power brick platform.The transmission slide plate of charge system and described power brick platform are at the same level height, unclamp the anchor fitting on the power brick, the power brick of being changed is in movable state, the power brick of being changed is applied one to the thrust of described transmission slide plate, the power brick of being changed is pushed on the transmission slide plate of described charge system, and then the power brick that quilt on the described transmission slide plate is changed applies one to the thrust of charging unit, the power brick of being changed moves in the charging unit and charges under the carriage effect that transmits slide plate.After charging is finished, power brick charged in the charging unit is pushed on the transmission slide plate of the charging unit other end, then will charged power brick be pushed on the power brick platform that is used to battery-driven car that new power brick is provided by transmitting carriage on the slide plate, be used for that next is electric by turns.
Battery-driven car to change electric groove be the placing battery bag, device that electric energy is provided for whole battery-driven car, describedly change electric groove and be installed on the electric vehicle chassis, and can be used as the girder of electric vehicle chassis.Described changing in the electric groove is provided with carriage, and the power brick of changing in the electric groove can be slided in changing electric groove by carriage.In the battery-driven car driving process, described power brick is fixed on by electronic lock and changes in the electric groove, prevent that power brick is arbitrarily slided in the battery-driven car driving process, when needs changed electricity, electronic lock was in open mode, and new power brick enters from the port that changes electric groove, promotion is changed in the electric groove original power brick and is outwards slided, enter fully and change electric groove to new power brick, change that original power brick skids off fully in the electric groove from change electric groove, realize changing electricity.After changing electricity and finishing, again new power brick is fixed on electronic lock and changes in the electric groove.
Electricity change system of electric car of the present invention can realize that fast and accurately for the electric groove that changes of battery-driven car changes electricity, degree of automation is higher, changes and does not need a dead lift battery etc. in the electric process, saves manpower; And the described electric system that changes is located at subsurface, do not take ground space, and can avoid changing in the electric process because of the reason generation battery-driven car such as the error of chaufeur and the phenomenon of changing electric unit and bumping against, and changes the electric process safe and convenient.
Charging system of electric powercar of the present invention can charge for the power brick of being changed timely and conveniently, and only need to the power brick applied thrust be got final product in the process of charging, need not move power brick, simple and fast; Charged power brick can directly be pushed on the power brick platform that changes electric system, makes things convenient for recycling of power brick.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that changes electric unit of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of power brick platform among Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of upper mounting plate among Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of first connecting rod and second connecting rod among Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 be an embodiment of the present invention change the electric process schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the charhing unit of an embodiment of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
For the purpose, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention better are described, the invention will be further described below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
A kind of electricity change system of electric car as shown in Figure 1, comprises and changes electric unit that the described electric unit that changes comprises: be located at the support 10 under the ground level; Be located at the inclination slide bar 20 in the support 10; The power brick platform of being located on the inclination slide bar 20 and can sliding up and down along inclination slide bar 20; Described power brick platform comprises the sliding rack 32 that can slide up and down along inclination slide bar 20, be located on the sliding rack 32 and the lower platform 34 that can slide along sliding rack 32 front and back, the upper mounting plate 36 being located on the described lower platform 34 and can horizontally slipping along lower platform 34; Be located at support 10 bottoms, which is provided with the main shaft 40 of screw thread, described main shaft 40 is provided with can be along the movable block 42 of main shaft 40 sway, and described movable block 42 is connected with described power brick platform by connecting rod (44,46).
Preferably, as shown in Figure 2, the sliding rack 32 of described power brick platform is by being connected with described inclination slide bar 20 with slide block (not shown in FIG.) that described inclination slide bar 20 matches, thereby realizes described sliding rack 32 sliding up and down on described inclination slide bar 20; Be fixed with slide bar 31 above the described sliding rack 32, be fixed with the slide block 39 that matches with the slide bar 31 of described sliding rack 32 below the described lower platform 34, thereby realize that the front and back of lower platform 34 on sliding rack 32 slide; Described lower platform 34 tops are provided with slide bar 33 and screw mandrel 35, the below of described upper mounting plate 36 is provided with the slide block (not shown in FIG.) that matches with slide bar 33 on the described lower platform 34, the screw mandrel ball (not shown in FIG.) that matches with described screw mandrel 35, screw mandrel 35 ports on the described lower platform 34 are connected with motor (not shown in FIG.), screw mandrel 35 rotations on the described driven by motor lower platform 34, the screw mandrel ball that rotarily drives upper mounting plate 36 belows of screw mandrel 35 left or move right, and then the slide block that drives upper mounting plate 36 belows slides along the slide bar 33 of lower platform 34.In the practice, the screw mandrel on the described lower platform also available linear electric motors replaces, and upper mounting plate 36 is by the sway of effect realization on lower platform 34 of screw mandrel or linear electric motors.More preferably, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, described upper mounting plate 36 is provided with electromagnet 37, and described electromagnet 37 can be fixed on an end of power brick 60 on the upper mounting plate 36, prevents when upper mounting plate 36 moves up and down, and power brick 60 is arbitrarily slided.
Preferably, the default position of described inclination slide bar is fixed with electromagnet (not shown in FIG.).When power brick platform upward sliding when the described predeterminated position, by the adhesive effect of described electromagnet, the sliding rack of power brick platform is fixed on the inclination slide bar; After changing electricity and finishing, disconnect the power supply of electromagnet, described power brick platform glides along described inclination slide bar under the effect of the effect of self gravitation and screw mandrel.
Preferably, described upper mounting plate is provided with and can makes the to the left or to the right slewing arrangement of half-twist of upper mounting plate, described upper mounting plate half-twist to the left or to the right under the effect of described slewing arrangement, with to upper mounting plate the place ahead elec. vehicle change electric groove to change electric process similar, can realize changing electricity to the electric groove of changing of upper mounting plate left and right sides elec. vehicle equally.In the practice, described slewing arrangement can adopt high pulling torque moment rotating machine.
Preferably, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, described upper mounting plate 36 is provided with cylinder 38, and described cylinder 38 is corresponding with the position fixed ends of power brick 60, one end of power brick 60 is fixed on the upper mounting plate 36 by electromagnet 37, and the other end of power brick 60 protrudes in upper mounting plate 36 outsides.More preferably, described upper mounting plate 36 is provided with can respond to the magnetic strength device (not shown in FIG.) that changes electric groove port position, described magnetic strength device induces the port position of changing electric groove, then orders about upper mounting plate 36 sway, until power brick 60 is aimed at the port that changes electric groove.When sliding rack 32 upward slidings of power brick platform to default position the time, utilize the magnetic strength device to induce the port position of changing electric groove, sway by upper mounting plate 36, make the power brick 60 on the upper mounting plate 36 aim at the port that battery-driven car changes electric groove, lower platform 34 drives upper mounting plate 36 and moves forward, the power brick of protrusion outside upper mounting plate partly enters in the electric groove of changing of battery-driven car, described changing in the electric groove is provided with carriage, power brick 60 can slip into by carriage and change in the electric groove, extremely the power brick part of protrusion outside upper mounting plate all enters into and changes electric groove, at this moment, disconnect the power supply of electromagnet 37, electromagnet 37 will unclamp power brick, so that power brick 60 is in movable state.Simultaneously, start cylinder 38, the air-leg of cylinder 38 does not partly apply one to the thrust of changing electric groove direction to entering into the power brick of changing electric groove, promotes not enter into the power brick part of changing electric groove and further enters and change electric groove.
Preferably, shown in accompanying drawing 1 and 4, described movable block 42 is connected with the lower platform 34 of described power brick platform by first connecting rod 44, described movable block 42 is connected with the sliding rack 32 of described power brick platform by second connecting rod 46, described first connecting rod 44 is inverted " recessed " character form structure with second connecting rod 46, described first connecting rod 44, the upper end of second connecting rod 46 respectively with the lower platform 34 of described power brick platform, sliding rack 32 connects, described first connecting rod 44, the groove part of second connecting rod 46 lower ends and described movable block 42 are flexibly connected, described first connecting rod 44, second connecting rod 46 can move up and down along described movable block 42, described first connecting rod 44 in the length below the described movable block 42 greater than the length of described second connecting rod 46 below described movable block 42.
Described inclination slide bar 20 can be selected different sizes according to actual conditions and needs from the angle of inclination between support 10 connects.
As shown in Figure 5, the described electric unit that changes respectively arranges one at the cephalocaudal direction that battery-driven car changes electric groove, and one of them changes electric unit and changes electricity for battery-driven car provides new battery, and another changes electric unit and is used for accepting the battery of being changed from changing electric groove.
When changing electricity, as shown in Figure 5, two are changed electric unit synchronized operation, and namely two power brick platforms that change electric unit slide simultaneously up or down.Start simultaneously two and change the motor 50 that is connected to main shaft 40 ports in the electric unit, the mouth of motor 50 drives main shaft 40 rotations, movable block 42 on the main shaft 40 is moved to the left, and movable block 42 drives power brick platform upward sliding by first connecting rod 44, second connecting rod 46.Because being connected with sliding rack, the lower platform 34 of power brick platform is connected with described movable block 42 by first connecting rod 44, second connecting rod 46 respectively, so movable block 42 drives sliding rack 32 and the lower platform 34 synchronous upward slidings of power brick platform, because horizontally slipping on lower platform 34 only, upper mounting plate 36 can not slide front and back, so lower platform 34 drives upper mounting plates 36 upward slidings synchronous with it.Along with power brick platform and integrally upward sliding, first connecting rod 44, the groove part of second connecting rod 46 moves up gradually, until the sliding rack 32 of described power brick platform slides into default position along inclination slide bar 20, the groove of second connecting rod 46 breaks away from from movable block 42 fully, adhesive by electromagnet (not shown in FIG.) fixing on the inclination slide bar 20, described sliding rack 32 is fixed on the described inclination slide bar 20, the continuation of movable block 42 is moved, to no longer drive sliding rack 32 upward slidings of described power brick platform, be fixed on default position by electronic lock with the sliding rack 32 of described power brick platform this moment.Because first connecting rod 44 length are longer, when second connecting rod 46 breaks away from from movable block 42 fully, first connecting rod 44 does not also break away from from described movable block 42 fully, the at this moment continuation movement of movable block 42 will drive described lower platform 34 and move forward along the slide bar 31 on the described sliding rack 32, until arrive electric groove 62 ports that change of battery-driven car.When described lower platform 34 moves forward to the electric groove of changing of described battery-driven car 62 position, upper mounting plate 36 is responded to the position that described battery-driven car changes electric groove 62 ports by the magnetic strength device, and automatic sway on described lower platform 34, the position of adjusting the power brick 60 on the upper mounting plate 36 is corresponding with electric groove 62 port position of changing of described battery-driven car.Described lower platform 34 drives upper mounting plate 36 and moves forward to the position while that battery-driven car changes electric groove 62, power brick 60 on the upper mounting plate 36 adjusts to automatically that to change the position of electric groove 62 corresponding with battery-driven car, at this moment, the power brick part of protruding outside upper mounting plate enters into the described electric groove 62 that changes from the port that changes electric groove 62.Disconnect the power supply of electromagnet 37 on the upper mounting plate 36, described electromagnet 37 unclamps power brick 60, starts simultaneously the cylinder 38 on the upper mounting plate 36, and the air-leg of described cylinder 38 promotes power brick 60 and further enters into the electric groove 62 of changing of battery-driven car.At this moment, may have the small part power brick and not enter into the electric groove 62 of changing of battery-driven car fully, the electric groove 62 that changes of battery-driven car has automatic regulating function, can automatically adjust to make power brick enter into the electric groove of changing of described battery-driven car fully.Change in the electric groove 62 original power brick under new power brick 60 promotes, from change electric groove, skid off fully, at this moment, the power brick platform that electric unit is changed on the left side in the accompanying drawing 5 is caught the power brick of being changed, and by on the upper mounting plate 36 electromagnet 37 end of power brick is fixed.After changing the electricity end, unclamp the electronic lock for fixed sliding frame 32, start simultaneously two and change the motor 50 that electric unit is connected with main shaft, main shaft 40 is rotated in the opposite direction, movable block 42 moves right, movable block 42 drives the power brick platform along inclination slide bar 20 down slidings, until the power brick platform slides into the bottom of inclination slide bar 20 by first connecting rod 44, second connecting rod 46.
A kind of charhing unit that is used to the power brick charging of being changed, as shown in Figure 6, described charhing unit comprises charging unit 72, be located at the transmission slide plate 70 at charging unit 72 two ends, described transmission slide plate 70 is provided with the carriage that the power brick any direction is slided, and the transmission slide plate 70 at described charging unit 72 two ends is corresponding with two power brick platforms that change electric unit medium dip slide bar bottom respectively.Preferably, as shown in Figure 6, the carriage on the described transmission slide plate 70 is some circular balls 74.In the practice, the height of described charhing unit is with described to change the height of upper mounting plate when the inclination slide bar bottom of power brick platform in the electric unit identical, to make things convenient for power brick in charhing unit and the movement of changing electric unit.
After the replacing battery was complete, the described power brick platform that changes electric unit slid back to the bottom of described inclination slide bar, at this moment, and need to be by the battery charging of charhing unit for being changed.Level height with two power brick platforms that change electric unit is identical respectively because two of charhing unit transmit slide plates, the battery of being changed is applied one to the thrust of described transmission slide plate direction, the power brick that to be changed is shifted onto on the described transmission slide plate, described transmission slide plate is provided with the carriage that the power brick any direction is slided, power brick is aimed at the port of charging unit by the carriage on the transmission slide plate, and then to transmitting thrust of power brick of being changed on the slide plate, the power brick of being changed is slipped in the charging unit charge.After charging is finished, charging unit inside is provided with thrust unit, described thrust unit promotes to be full of the battery of electricity to the transmission slide plate of the charging unit other end, at this moment, the power brick that is full of electricity is applied one to the thrust of described power brick platform direction, the power brick that will be full of electricity is pushed on the upper mounting plate of described power brick platform, and power brick one end that is full of electricity is fixed on the described upper mounting plate by the electromagnet on the upper mounting plate, can be used for beginning the new electric process that changes.
The screw mandrel that adopts in the electric system that changes of the present invention connects, and also available linear electric motors replace, and no longer need to use rotating machine to drive driving device, and structure and control are simpler, realize zero transmission.The present invention can according to the model of battery-driven car maybe needs select different power brick, change the length of electric unit and the angle of inclination of inclination slide bar and can select as required, the structure of charhing unit also can be designed to other forms, gets final product with the charging that makes things convenient for power brick.And the electric unit that changes of the present invention is located at subsurface, does not take ground space, and is also safer when changing electricity.The electric system that changes of the present invention is applicable to different battery-driven cars, and occupation mode is flexible, is widely used.
Should illustrate at last, be the preferred embodiments of the present invention more than, certainly can not limit protection scope of the present invention with this, and therefore, the equivalent variations so that the disclosed content of the present invention is done still belongs to the scope that the present invention protects.

Claims (8)

1. an electricity change system of electric car comprises the electric unit that changes that is used to the electric groove of changing of battery-driven car to change electricity, it is characterized in that, the described electric unit that changes comprises:
Support;
The inclination slide bar that is connected with support;
With the movable power brick platform that is connected of described inclination slide bar, described power brick platform comprises: the sliding rack that movablely is connected with described inclination slide bar, can slides along described inclination slide bar, and be located on the described sliding rack and can be after described sliding rack be gone forward the movable decking of sway, described movable decking is provided with the anchor fitting that can prevent that power brick from arbitrarily sliding;
Be located at the main shaft of described frame bottom, described main shaft is provided with can be along the movable block of described main axle moving, and described movable block is connected with described power brick platform by connecting rod;
The movable decking of described power brick platform comprises: the lower platform of being located on the described sliding rack, also can sliding along described sliding rack front and back; Be located on the described lower platform, and the upper mounting plate that can horizontally slip along described lower platform; Described upper mounting plate is provided with the anchor fitting that can prevent that power brick from arbitrarily sliding;
Described electricity change system of electric car is provided with two and changes electric unit, respectively the headstock of battery-driven car and the tailstock respectively be provided with one for battery-driven car provide new battery guarantee replacement electricity or the power brick accepting to be changed in the battery-driven car change electric unit.
2. electricity change system of electric car as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, is fixed with slide bar on the described sliding rack, is fixed with the slide block that matches and slide with described slide bar below the described lower platform; Be fixed with the slide bar and the screw mandrel that are parallel to each other above the described lower platform, the port of described screw mandrel is connected be used to the motor that drives the rotation of described screw mandrel, is fixed with the slide block that matches with described slide bar, the screw mandrel ball that matches with described screw mandrel below the described upper mounting plate.
3. electricity change system of electric car as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that, but described upper mounting plate is provided with the magnetic strength device that the induction electricity motor-car changes the position of electric groove and adjusts the upper mounting plate sway.
4. electricity change system of electric car as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that, is used on the described upper mounting plate preventing that the anchor fitting that power brick is arbitrarily slided from being at least one electromagnet.
5. electricity change system of electric car as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that, described upper mounting plate is provided with for promoting power brick and enters the cylinder that changes electric groove.
6. electricity change system of electric car as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the described outerface of spindle is provided with screw thread, the port of described main shaft is connected be used to the motor that drives described main shaft rotation, described movable block is provided with the screw thread that matches with the described outerface of spindle, and described movable block is connected with lower platform, the sliding rack of described power brick platform by first connecting rod, second connecting rod respectively.
7. electricity change system of electric car as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that described first connecting rod and second connecting rod are inverted " recessed " character form structure, the upper end of described first connecting rod, second connecting rod is connected with lower platform, the sliding rack of described power brick platform respectively, the groove part of described first connecting rod, second connecting rod lower end and described movable block are flexibly connected, described first connecting rod, second connecting rod can move up and down along described movable block, and the length of the first connecting rod of described movable block below is greater than the length of second connecting rod.
8. charge system that is used in conjunction with the described electricity change system of electric car of claim 1, described charge system comprises charhing unit, it is characterized in that described charhing unit is identical with the described power brick podium level that changes electric unit medium dip slide bar bottom, described charhing unit comprises charging unit, be located at the transmission slide plate at charging unit two ends, described transmission slide plate is provided with the carriage that power brick is slided to assigned direction, and the transmission slide plate at described charging unit two ends is corresponding with two power brick platforms that change electric unit medium dip slide bar bottom respectively.
CN 201110225525 2011-08-08 2011-08-08 Battery-replacing system and charging system of electromobile Active CN102328639B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110225525 CN102328639B (en) 2011-08-08 2011-08-08 Battery-replacing system and charging system of electromobile

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110225525 CN102328639B (en) 2011-08-08 2011-08-08 Battery-replacing system and charging system of electromobile

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102328639A CN102328639A (en) 2012-01-25
CN102328639B true CN102328639B (en) 2013-02-13

Family

ID=45480688

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201110225525 Active CN102328639B (en) 2011-08-08 2011-08-08 Battery-replacing system and charging system of electromobile

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102328639B (en)

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102801193B (en) * 2012-08-10 2014-08-27 王俊 Automatic battery plugging charger and automatic battery plugging charging mechanism
CN207860149U (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-09-14 蔚来汽车有限公司 Electric vehicle moves level platform and electrical changing station certainly
CN109159661B (en) * 2018-08-23 2020-04-10 杭州容大智造科技有限公司 Convenient dismouting device of battery of electronic commodity circulation car
CN109850507A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-06-07 马山县明锋汽车维修有限公司 The portable slope apparatus of auto repair

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100393560C (en) * 2004-12-13 2008-06-11 万向电动汽车有限公司 Electric car battery set unloading vehicle, and its track type battery holder and built-in type battery holder
CN101992754B (en) * 2010-09-03 2013-03-20 深圳市许继自动化技术有限公司 Apparatus for replacing battery box of electric automobile
CN201872728U (en) * 2010-12-07 2011-06-22 王利明 Automatic replacement device of electric vehicle batteries
CN202213569U (en) * 2011-08-08 2012-05-09 梅声 Power switchover device of electric vehicle
CN202152043U (en) * 2011-08-08 2012-02-29 梅声 Battery changing system and charging system for electric vehicle

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102328639A (en) 2012-01-25

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104947975B (en) Stereo circulating garage
CN202850547U (en) Chargeable three-dimensional parking garage
CN101899915B (en) Rotary transition truck
US20200353838A1 (en) Battery Swapping Station and Control Method Therefor
CN102328639B (en) Battery-replacing system and charging system of electromobile
CN104787011A (en) Battery exchange device and battery exchange equipment
CN102358266A (en) Emergency movable battery replacing vehicle and battery replacing method thereof
CN207274645U (en) Electric automobile changes electric system
CN108177635A (en) Electric charging station
CN204659695U (en) Change electric equipment
CN101892756A (en) Full automatic planar movement class mechanical type three-dimensional parking garage
CN102632871A (en) Rapid battery change system for electric car
CN202574160U (en) System for quickly replacing battery of electric sedan
CN204659694U (en) Change electric installation and change electric equipment
CN108086751A (en) Parallel operation tunnel stacking multi-storied garage
CN104842962A (en) Electricity exchanging equipment
CN206436985U (en) Chassis type electrical changing station for electric automobile
CN202152043U (en) Battery changing system and charging system for electric vehicle
CN202208283U (en) Mobile power cell replacing vehicle for emergency
CN205531555U (en) Automobile stack machine people
CN102774356A (en) Device for changing batteries or battery pack of through electric vehicle quickly
CN106829298A (en) A kind of intelligence becomes rail shuttle and Automatic Warehouse
CN202071669U (en) Chassis of electric motor car
CN205971013U (en) Removal is filled and is traded trolley -bus
CN102211517B (en) Electric vehicle chassis

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20160509

Address after: 511442 Guangdong, Panyu District, South Village, Han River Avenue East (extension), room No. 383, No. 3216

Patentee after: Guangzhou New Energy Automotive Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: Guangzhou City, Guangdong province Whampoa road 510000 No. 152 Harbor View Center Tower 22B

Patentee before: Mei Sheng

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20180226

Address after: 526000 Guangdong city of Zhaoqing province international racing dawangqu field independent shop A07

Patentee after: Guangdong Sai Dao New Energy Automobile Co., Ltd.

Address before: 511442 Guangdong, Panyu District, South Village, Han River Avenue East (extension), room No. 383, No. 3216

Patentee before: Guangzhou New Energy Automotive Technology Co., Ltd.