CN102318500A - A kind of Rieger Begonia floating plate cuttage and seedling culture method - Google Patents

A kind of Rieger Begonia floating plate cuttage and seedling culture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102318500A
CN102318500A CN201110250235A CN201110250235A CN102318500A CN 102318500 A CN102318500 A CN 102318500A CN 201110250235 A CN201110250235 A CN 201110250235A CN 201110250235 A CN201110250235 A CN 201110250235A CN 102318500 A CN102318500 A CN 102318500A
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China
Prior art keywords
seedling
matrix
liquid pool
nutrition liquid
cuttage
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CN201110250235A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林平
何克勤
毕亚玲
胡能兵
张子学
崔广荣
朱虎
査日扬
刘宗巧
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林平
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Priority to CN201110250235A priority Critical patent/CN102318500A/en
Publication of CN102318500A publication Critical patent/CN102318500A/en

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Abstract

The invention belongs to the seedling-cultivating method of Rieger Begonia, a kind of Rieger Begonia floating plate cuttage and seedling culture method.The asexual cottage propagation of prior art Rieger Begonia carries out on non-irrigated formula matrix, and shortcoming is: the management trouble; A little less than the seedling of cultivating; Production scale is little.Step of the present invention is following: preparation nutrition liquid pool; Preparing nutrient solution; Grow seedlings with foamed plastics preparation and to use floating dish; The peat composed of rotten mosses, perlite, charing husk are mixed; Add water modulation matrix; With medium in tray; Collect seedling; Cuttage; The slotting fringe that makes is inserted floating dish; Floating dish is put into the nutrition liquid pool; Cover the sunshade net on nutrition liquid pool top; Every separated 5-7 looks into the water moisturizing, but lifting dress basin field planting about 25 days.Advantage of the present invention is: management does not need water every day easily; The Rieger Begonia seedling body of cultivating is healthy and strong, and dress basin planting survival rates is high; All can cultivate Rieger Begonia strong sprout throughout the year, production efficiency is high; Suitable scale, batch production production.

Description

A kind of Rieger Begonia floating plate cuttage and seedling culture method
Technical field
The invention belongs to the seedling-cultivating method of Rieger Begonia, specifically a kind of Rieger Begonia floating plate cuttage and seedling culture method.
Background technology
Rieger Begonia belongs to Begonia, claims the rose Malus spectabilis again, is the hybridization strain of napiform root Malus spectabilis and wild begonia.Rieger Begonia is a kind of top grade flower kind, annual fall flowering, and single leaf alternate, flower shape is various, is mostly polyphyll, and it is red, orange, yellow, white that pattern has etc., changes complicatedly, makes us acclaiming as the acme of perfection.The Rieger Begonia florescence reached more than half a year, and flower type flower bag is abundant, and branches and leaves are emerald green, are that plant is tasted in rare indoor sight of the four seasons.Place parlor, study, bedroom, small and exquisite, graceful attractive in appearance.Can also itself and flowers such as Moth orchid, king's coconut and jonquil be made up, be used for relaxing the pressure that tense working brings in decorative family and office space, beautify family life environment.Rieger Begonia is the popular pot flowers kinds in countries in the world, and the annual potted plant Rieger Begonia in the whole world is about 100,000,000 basins.Rieger Begonia does not form seed, produces through asexual cottage propagation method.The asexual cottage propagation of prior art Rieger Begonia mainly carries out on non-irrigated formula matrix, and its shortcoming is: 1. the moisture environment of growth of seedling is stable inadequately, because the water evaporates in the matrix causes arid, particularly summer easily, the water evaporates under the high temperature and drought is faster.2. management trouble because the loss of non-irrigated formula water supply in media is fast, for the balance that keeps moisture will be looked into the water moisturizing continually, increases the enterprises using the labor cost.3. nutrition supply is unstable, and owing to often watering of non-irrigated formula matrix, the nutritive element in the matrix loses with current easily, and the nutrition condition in the matrix changes greatly, is unfavorable for the stable supply of nutrition.4. production efficiency is low, and the seedling cost is high, can't satisfy world people's sight and taste demand.Through extensively consult patent documentation do not see as yet with public publication both at home and abroad convenient management is arranged, production efficiency is high, strong sprout rate height, suitability for scale production, can satisfy the Rieger Begonia seedling-cultivating method of world people needs.Therefore invent that a kind of growing environment is stable, convenient management, production efficiency rate in strong sprout high, that cultivate Rieger Begonia cuttage and seedling culture method high, suitability for scale production be very necessary.
Summary of the invention
The high Rieger Begonia floating plate cuttage and seedling culture method of rate in strong sprout that the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of ambient stable, convenient management, production efficiency height, cultivation.
The objective of the invention is to realize like this:
A kind of Rieger Begonia floating plate cuttage and seedling culture method is following:
(1) preparation nutrition liquid pool: build out the nutrition liquid pool of high 25cm on ground, keep level at the bottom of the pond, it is dark to add water to 15cm;
(2) preparing nutrient solution: use N-P 2O 5-K 2O is the composite fertilizer of 15%-15%-15%, according to fertilizer: the weight ratio of water=1: 1000, get fertilizer and be sprinkled into the nutrition liquid pool equably, dissolve;
(3) select seedling-cultivating tray for use: the seedling-cultivating tray in 187 caves that the foam plastics are processed, the long 60cm of seedling-cultivating tray, wide 40cm, high 5.5cm, cave mouth square, length of side 3cm;
(4) modulation matrix: by weight mixing subsequent use 1 part of the peat composed of rotten mosses, 1 part of perlite, low charing husk for 2 parts; Add water before the use and be mixed to moist ash of matrix;
(5) sabot: matrix is deposited on the seedling-cultivating tray, in the even horizontal sliding of card, makes matrix fall into the cave, shake floating dish and make matrix sinking 1-2mm with wooden rule;
(6) collect seedling: get the branch of healthy and strong no damage by disease and insect, the slotting fringe of clip 2-3cm, each slotting braid 1-2 sheet leaf; Branch is whittled into the 45 inclined-plane with blade; Branch after 0.1% liquor potassic permanganate soaks 5min, is used flushing with clean water;
(7) cuttage: the matrix in the floating dish grid is chosen out a hole, and the slotting fringe that step (6) is made inserts, and every lattice 1 seedling will be inserted 1 joint of fringe with matrix and imbed matrix; The floating dish of planting slotting fringe is put into the nutrition liquid pool keep floating state;
(8) the sunshade net covers: the sunshade net that covers shading rate 70%-80% on nutrition liquid pool top;
(9) management: every liquid level change of observing in the nutrition liquid pool at a distance from 5-7 days in time keeps the skin wet; But seedling took out the field planting of dress basin in 25 days.
(10) above-mentioned facility carries out in plastic tunnel, can not receive the interference of wind and rain, also can be at thermal insulation in the season of cold.
Main points of the present invention are:
1. add low carbonization rice husk in the matrix, improved gas permeability greatly;
2. the peat composed of rotten mosses and perlite have strengthened the water imbibition of matrix, can from following nutrient solution, absorb moisture and nutrient automatically, have guaranteed the rich water supply of cuttage seeding;
3. adopt the potassium permanganate sterilization to reduce the possibility that cause of disease is invaded;
4. used aseptic substrate has reduced the harm chance of phytopathy worm;
5. the floating plate technology has improved the harmony and the stability of Rieger Begonia liquid manure gas;
6. require filling evenly medium in tray, elasticity is moderate, can make to improve cuttage seeding matrix condition unanimity, thereby reach into the seedling consistency of product.
7. do not push behind the medium in tray, do not water, absorb water from the pond automatically after putting into the nutrition liquid pool, guarantee that matrix is loose, gas permeability is strong.
Practical implementation process of the present invention is following:
The making of nutrition liquid pool: according to the quantity of growing seedlings, confirm the area of nutrition liquid pool, confirm nutrition liquid pool top employing plastic tunnel or small arched shed safeguard measure, in the pond, add the dark clear water of 15cm in advance.
The configuration of nutrient solution: by adding water weight 0.1% with N-P 2O 5-K 2O is the composite fertilizer of 15%-15%-15%, is sprinkled into the pond equably, dissolve naturally by it, desired nutritional liquid.
Choose floating dish: the plastic foam seedling-cultivating tray of selecting 187 holes.The long 60cm of seedling-cultivating tray, wide 40cm, high 5.5cm, cave mouth square, length of side 3cm;
Preparation matrix: by weight collecting 1 part of the peat composed of rotten mosses, 1 part of perlite, 2 parts of mixing of charing husk subsequent use; In matrix, add moisture then equably, the limit adds the waterside and mixes, and can not reach the degree of ash.
Sabot: matrix is packed in the seedling-cultivating tray, require filling uniformity, elasticity moderate, the filling quality directly influences the regularity of seedling development.Earlier matrix is deposited on the seedling-cultivating tray during filling, pastes four times horizontal slidings of card with wooden rule then, let matrix fall into the hole naturally, in the process that pushes away, firmly evenly, can't pressurize downwards, fill the back floating dish of vibrations and make matrix implement sinking 1-2mm.
Collect seedling: adopt the branch of healthy and strong no damage by disease and insect, can combine pruning to carry out, gather the slotting fringe of 2-3cm, can be with 2-3 sheet leaflet on it, be whittled into the 45 inclined-plane with blade during cuttage, help increasing the contact-making surface of transplanting a cutting, be easy to take root with matrix.
Sterilization: after branch immersed 0.1% liquor potassic permanganate and soak 5min, use flushing with clean water, with adopting with inserting, like cuttage in time, need under 7 ℃ temperature condition, deposit, the resting period can not be above 3 days, otherwise that cuttage is difficult to into is alive.
Cuttage: cut with sharp-pointed cutter the matrix of Kong Gezhong is chosen out a hole, will insert fringe and insert every lattice 1 seedling.Then that the matrix lid is flat, make slotting 1 joint of fringe imbed matrix, but do not push.The seedling-cultivating tray of planting slotting fringe is put into the nutrition liquid pool keep floating state.
The sunshade net covers: cover the sunshade net of shading rate 70%-80% summer on nutrition liquid pool top.
Daily management: every at a distance from the 5-7 days interior nutrient solution liquid level change of claire, in time keep the skin wet.
Rieger Begonia according to above program cuttage just began to take root about 15 days, reached the Sheng phase of taking root, and can adorn the basin field planting in 25 days.
Nutrition liquid pool of the present invention can be located in plastic tunnel or the small arched shed, and the top covered with plastic film all can be cultivated Rieger Begonia strong sprout throughout the year, and production efficiency is high.
This method is easy and simple to handle, and management easily, and is time saving and energy saving, becomes shoot root system flourishing, and the seedling body is healthy and strong, and dress basin planting survival rates is high.
The present invention suit scale, batch production production, Rieger Begonia seedling culture cost is low, has opened up the road that the industrialization of plant Rieger Begonia is tasted in high-grade sight.
Advantage of the present invention is:
1. convenient management: the Rieger Begonia plugged ear is inserted in the floating disk base material, floating dish is put into the nutrition liquid pool, nutrient solution is absorbed by matrix automatically; And with how many automatic infiltration rates of regulating that consume; Make to remain suitable and stable water content and nutrient content in the matrix, so needn't frequently check moisture as the cuttage of non-irrigated formula matrix; The prevention waterlogging of taking precautions against drought is that enterprise saves the recruitment cost;
2. help cultivating strong sprout: the nutrient solution in the nursery pond is to prepare to the characteristics of Rieger Begonia seedling growth are special; Taking root at Rieger Begonia can provide various nutrition between long seedling stage continuously; Guarantee the cultivation in strong sprout, overcome the not wield shortcoming of existing non-irrigated formula substrate seedling technology fertilising.
3. isolation damage by disease and insect: perlite in the seedling medium of the present invention and carbonization rice husk all excessive temperature are fired and are formed; And the peat composed of rotten mosses is to form before the historical age remote; Can not have a large amount of damage by disease and insect as agricultural land soil; Therefore can not infect soil disease in the seedling raising process, can not suffer the harm of soil insect yet.Particularly the phenomenons of a large amount of mashed seedlings of occurring of Rieger Begonia cuttage in soil have not existed, the great disease stem rot of Rieger Begonia seedling stage of the present invention infected possibility be zero.
4. it is fast to take root, and it is good to send out seedling: seedling medium permeability of the present invention is good, has overcome the inharmonic contradiction of aqueous vapor that the soil cuttage usually takes place, and helps also seedling of root of hair, and it is fast to take root, well developed root system.Took root in 15 days after this law cuttage, and about 25 days of soil cuttage; In only 20-25 days this law cuttage cycle, the soil cuttage needs more than 30 days.
5. weather protection is complete, with the cooling of sunshade net, be placed in the plastic tunnel and can be incubated, but the four seasons is produced the production efficiency height.
6. the present invention is applied to the cuttage and seedling culture of the Rieger Begonia seedling of high value; Can realize production scaleization, management standardization, product unification, manage specialization; Make the cuttage and seedling culture of Rieger Begonia realize batch production production; Thereby make this high-grade sight taste the quick popularization of plant and popularize, satisfy world's needs of people.
Embodiment
Through specific embodiment the present invention is further specified below.
Embodiment 1:
(1) preparation nutrition liquid pool: 660m 2In the plastic tunnel, build 500m 2Cement pit, the dark 25cm of cement pit adds depth of water 15cm, and the water yield is about 7500kg;
(2) preparing nutrient solution: get 75 kilograms of N-P 2O 5-K 2O is a 15%-15%-15% composite fertilizer, is sprinkled into equably in the nutrition liquid pool, after being dissolved naturally by it, promptly is mixed with required nutrient solution;
(3) select the floating seedlings dish for use: the plastic foam seedling-cultivating tray of selecting 187 holes.The long 60cm of seedling-cultivating tray, wide 40cm, high 5.5cm, cave mouth square, length of side 3cm, shared 2080 dishes.
(4) modulation matrix: with 300 kilograms of the peats composed of rotten mosses, 300 kilograms of perlites, 600 kilograms of mixing for standby use of charing husk; Time spent adds water and mixes, to matrix is moistening do not play dust till;
(5) sabot: matrix is deposited on the seedling-cultivating tray, in the even horizontal sliding of card, makes matrix fall into grid, can not press down, shake floating dish and make matrix sinking 1-2mm with wooden rule;
(6) collect seedling: get the branch of healthy and strong no damage by disease and insect, the slotting fringe of clip 2-3cm, each slotting braid 2-3 sheet leaf; Branch is whittled into the 45 inclined-plane with blade; Branch after 0.1% liquor potassic permanganate soaks 5min, is used flushing with clean water;
(7) cuttage: the matrix in the floating dish grid is chosen out a hole, and the slotting fringe that step (6) is made inserts, and every lattice 1 seedling will be inserted 1 joint of fringe with matrix and imbed matrix; The floating dish of planting slotting fringe is put into the nutrition liquid pool keep floating state;
(8) the sunshade net covers: the sunshade net that covers shading rate 70%-80% on plastic tunnel top;
(9) management: the liquid level change of whenever observing in the nutrition liquid pool at a distance from 3 days, liquid in time supplements the nutrients; The basin field planting was adorned in the seedling taking-up same day in 25 days.Each nutrition liquid pool can cultivate for 38.8 ten thousand strain Rieger Begonia strong sprouts.
The Rieger Begonia seedling that present embodiment is cultivated, well developed root system, the seedling body is healthy and strong, and strong sprout, rate 100%, planting survival rates 100%.
Embodiment 2:
(1) preparation nutrition liquid pool: 200m 2In the plastics small arched shed, build 150m 2Cement pit, the dark 25cm in pond adds depth of water 16cm, and Total Water is 22.5 3
(2) preparing nutrient solution: the N-P that in the nutrition liquid pool, is sprinkled into 22.5kg 2O 5-K 2O is a 15%-15%-15% fertilizer, is dissolved naturally by it;
(3) select the floating seedlings dish for use: the plastic foam seedling-cultivating tray of selecting 187 holes.The long 60cm of seedling-cultivating tray, wide 40cm, high 5.5cm, cave mouth square, length of side 3cm is equipped with 625 dishes altogether.
(4) modulation matrix: with 100 kilograms of the peats composed of rotten mosses, 100 kilograms of perlites, 200 kilograms of composite culture matrixes of charing husk add water and continue to mix, to matrix is moistening do not play ash till;
(5) sabot: matrix is placed on the seedling-cultivating tray, in the even horizontal sliding of card, makes matrix fall into grid, shake floating dish and make matrix sinking 1-2mm with wooden rule;
(6) collect seedling: get the branch of healthy and strong no damage by disease and insect, the slotting fringe of clip 2-3cm, each slotting braid 2-3 sheet leaf; Branch is whittled into the 45 inclined-plane with blade; Branch after 0.1% liquor potassic permanganate soaks 5min, is used flushing with clean water;
(7) cuttage: the matrix in the floating dish grid is chosen out a hole, and the slotting fringe that above-mentioned steps is made inserts, and every lattice 1 seedling will be inserted 1 joint of fringe with matrix and imbed matrix; The floating dish of planting slotting fringe is put into the nutrition liquid pool keep floating state;
(8) the sunshade net covers: the sunshade net that covers shading rate 70%-80% on plastics small arched shed top;
(9) management: the liquid level change of whenever observing in the nutrition liquid pool at a distance from 5 days, liquid in time supplements the nutrients; The basin field planting was adorned in the seedling taking-up same day in 25 days.Each nutrition liquid pool can cultivate for 11.5 ten thousand strain Rieger Begonia strong sprouts.
(10) cold day can carry out the plastic tunnel covering, prolongs seedling raise period.
The Rieger Begonia seedling that present embodiment is cultivated, well developed root system, the seedling body is healthy and strong, and strong sprout, rate 100%, planting survival rates 100%.
The foregoing description is merely preference of the present invention, is not used for limiting the present invention, and is all within principle of the present invention, made any be equal to alternative, revise and change, all within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a Rieger Begonia floating plate cuttage and seedling culture method is following:
(1) preparation nutrition liquid pool: build out the nutrition liquid pool of high 25cm on ground, keep level at the bottom of the pond, it is dark to add water to 15cm;
(2) preparing nutrient solution: use N-P 2O 5-K 2O is the composite fertilizer of 15%-15%-15%, according to fertilizer: the weight ratio of water=1: 1000, get fertilizer and be sprinkled into the nutrition liquid pool equably, dissolve;
(3) select seedling-cultivating tray for use: the seedling-cultivating tray in 187 caves that the foam plastics are processed, the long 60cm of seedling-cultivating tray, wide 40cm, high 5.5cm, cave mouth square, length of side 3cm;
(4) modulation matrix: by weight mixing subsequent use 1 part of the peat composed of rotten mosses, 1 part of perlite, low charing husk for 2 parts; Add water before the use and be mixed to moist ash of matrix;
(5) sabot: matrix is deposited on the seedling-cultivating tray, in the even horizontal sliding of card, makes matrix fall into the cave, shake floating dish and make matrix sinking 1-2mm with wooden rule;
(6) collect seedling: get the branch of healthy and strong no damage by disease and insect, the slotting fringe of clip 2-3cm, each slotting braid 1-2 sheet leaf; Branch is whittled into the 45 inclined-plane with blade; Branch after 0.1% liquor potassic permanganate soaks 5min, is used flushing with clean water;
(7) cuttage: the matrix in the floating dish grid is chosen out a hole, and the slotting fringe that step (6) is made inserts, and every lattice 1 seedling will be inserted 1 joint of fringe with matrix and imbed matrix; The floating dish of planting slotting fringe is put into the nutrition liquid pool keep floating state;
(8) the sunshade net covers: the sunshade net that covers shading rate 70%-80% on nutrition liquid pool top;
(9) management: every liquid level change of observing in the nutrition liquid pool at a distance from 5-7 days in time keeps the skin wet; But seedling took out the field planting of dress basin in 25 days;
(10) above-mentioned facility carries out in plastic tunnel, can not receive the interference of wind and rain, also can be at thermal insulation in the season of cold.
CN201110250235A 2011-08-29 2011-08-29 A kind of Rieger Begonia floating plate cuttage and seedling culture method CN102318500A (en)

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Cited By (13)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102919034A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-02-13 金陵科技学院 Cutting method of chaenomeles cathayensis or chaenomeles speciosa
CN103348864A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-10-16 信阳农林学院 Method for cutting propagation of gardenias through plugging shallow water bathing
CN103749137A (en) * 2014-01-16 2014-04-30 四川农业大学 Cutting seedling method for malus toringoides
CN103875498A (en) * 2014-03-10 2014-06-25 宣威市三友农业科技发展有限公司 Method for planting malus halliana
CN103918535A (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-07-16 四川银谷玫瑰科技有限公司 Method for culturing seedling of Damascus rose
CN104641913A (en) * 2015-03-02 2015-05-27 吴国强 Seedling raising method for bellflower
CN106258880A (en) * 2016-08-08 2017-01-04 湖南农业大学 The floating cuttage of fruit of a kind of band is cultivated small potted plant and is born fruit the method for auspicious fruit
CN106332626A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-18 广西鑫雅皇庭园林工程有限责任公司 Potting method of begonia
CN106747817A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-31 广西壮族自治区亚热带作物研究所 Sisal hemp floating seedlings nutrient solution and sisal hemp float seedling method
CN107278582A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-10-24 湖南生物机电职业技术学院 A kind of float seedling method of the red honeysuckle of liana
CN108668656A (en) * 2018-04-17 2018-10-19 金春兰 A kind of hall crabapple flower cuttage breeding method
CN109417984A (en) * 2017-07-03 2019-03-05 湖南生物机电职业技术学院 The float seedling method of ampelopsis grossdentata
CN109757230A (en) * 2018-11-02 2019-05-17 南通茂森苗圃有限公司 A kind of method of middle mountain China fir summer cuttage and seedling culture

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102919034A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-02-13 金陵科技学院 Cutting method of chaenomeles cathayensis or chaenomeles speciosa
CN103348864A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-10-16 信阳农林学院 Method for cutting propagation of gardenias through plugging shallow water bathing
CN103348864B (en) * 2013-07-22 2014-12-10 信阳农林学院 Method for cutting propagation of gardenias through plugging shallow water bathing
CN103749137B (en) * 2014-01-16 2016-01-20 四川农业大学 A kind of cuttage and seedling culture method of Malus toringoides Hughes
CN103749137A (en) * 2014-01-16 2014-04-30 四川农业大学 Cutting seedling method for malus toringoides
CN103875498A (en) * 2014-03-10 2014-06-25 宣威市三友农业科技发展有限公司 Method for planting malus halliana
CN103875498B (en) * 2014-03-10 2016-05-18 宣威市三友农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of cultural method of hall crabapple flower
CN103918535A (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-07-16 四川银谷玫瑰科技有限公司 Method for culturing seedling of Damascus rose
CN104641913A (en) * 2015-03-02 2015-05-27 吴国强 Seedling raising method for bellflower
CN106258880A (en) * 2016-08-08 2017-01-04 湖南农业大学 The floating cuttage of fruit of a kind of band is cultivated small potted plant and is born fruit the method for auspicious fruit
CN106332626A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-18 广西鑫雅皇庭园林工程有限责任公司 Potting method of begonia
CN106747817A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-31 广西壮族自治区亚热带作物研究所 Sisal hemp floating seedlings nutrient solution and sisal hemp float seedling method
CN109417984A (en) * 2017-07-03 2019-03-05 湖南生物机电职业技术学院 The float seedling method of ampelopsis grossdentata
CN107278582A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-10-24 湖南生物机电职业技术学院 A kind of float seedling method of the red honeysuckle of liana
CN108668656A (en) * 2018-04-17 2018-10-19 金春兰 A kind of hall crabapple flower cuttage breeding method
CN109757230A (en) * 2018-11-02 2019-05-17 南通茂森苗圃有限公司 A kind of method of middle mountain China fir summer cuttage and seedling culture

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