CN102318476A - Method for planting large-leaved gentian in sloping field - Google Patents

Method for planting large-leaved gentian in sloping field Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102318476A
CN102318476A CN201110151792A CN201110151792A CN102318476A CN 102318476 A CN102318476 A CN 102318476A CN 201110151792 A CN201110151792 A CN 201110151792A CN 201110151792 A CN201110151792 A CN 201110151792A CN 102318476 A CN102318476 A CN 102318476A
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Prior art keywords
plantation
planting
ash
bark
parts
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CN201110151792A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张景辉
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SHANXI SHENGJI AGRICULTURE ANIMAL HUSBANDRY DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
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SHANXI SHENGJI AGRICULTURE ANIMAL HUSBANDRY DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
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Priority to CN201110151792A priority Critical patent/CN102318476A/en
Publication of CN102318476A publication Critical patent/CN102318476A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for planting large-leaved gentian in a sloping field, belonging to the technical field of converting wild species of large-leaved gentian into domestic species, providing a method for planting large-leaved gentian in the sloping field and solving the technology of converting wild species into domestic species and saving precious land resources of China. The technical scheme adopted by the invention comprises the steps of: placing large-leaved gentian seeds in an overwintering mode under the conditions of natural north temperature and more than 85% of humidity for 15 to 90 days; processing the seeds at 12h to 30h before planting; mixing and stirring 0.5 to 2 parts of herbicide and 0.1 to 1 part of herbicide with 10 to 15 parts of seeds to obtain processed seeds; selecting the sloping field with elevation of 1500 to 4300m and gradient of 15 DEG to 55 DEG as a planting field; turning up the field within one week before planting, wherein turning depth is from 15cm to 30cm; fertilizing organic fertilizers of 7000 to 8000kg/hectare; planting the processed seeds in a strip cropping or broadcast sowing mode in the processed field, wherein sowing quantity is from 20 to 30kg/hectare and sowing depth is from 5mm to 15mm; covering a layer of crop straws with the thickness of 10mm to 20mm on the field after planting; and keeping a row spacing of 10cm to 25cm and a plant spacing of 1cm to 15cm in a manual seedling selecting method after seedlings emerge. The method provided by the invention is applied to the technical field of large-scale planting of large-leaved gentian in the sloping field.

Description

A kind of method of hillside fields plantation bark of ash
Technical field
The method of a kind of hillside fields of the present invention plantation bark of ash belongs to the wild change of bark of ash man and plants technical field, particularly relate to a kind of in the slope method of implant mass bark of ash.
Background technology
Bark of ash is the Gentianaceae herbaceos perennial, is one of main ingredient of controlling diseases such as rheumatic arthritis, tuberculosis hectic fever, jaundice.。Be one of important traditional Chinese medicine of China, the beginning is stated from Shennong's Herbal, classifies middle article as, " bark of ash master fever and chills perverse trend, cold-dampness wandering arthritis, the arthrodynia of extremeties, Xia Shui, diuresis.”
Bark of ash grows in the area of 400 meters to 2400 meters of height above sea level, gives birth to by the road, grassy marshland, river shoal, limit, ditch, sylvan life, patana and border, at present as yet not by artificial introducing and planting more.Be distributed in Mongolia, Russian Siberia and the Far East Area, ground such as the Inner Mongol of China's Mainland, Ningxia, Hebei, Shaanxi, Xinjiang, northeast, Shanxi; Development and the production-scale expansion of Chinese herbal medicine along with China's medicinal career; Traditional wild takes and can not satisfy the demand, like only 30,000 kilograms of the wild resource annual productions of Shanxi Province, and also fewer and feweri; Also be not easy to take; Cost of labor is very high, but the annual demand in Taiyuan City is just up to 2300 kilograms, and the present market price is 180~210 yuan/kilogram.
China territory is vast, and the land resources total amount is abundant, and land use pattern is complete; This produces advantage is provided for China's industry of suiting measures to local conditions to ensure an all-round development of farming, forestry, animal husbandry, sideline occupation and fishery, but the land resources occupancy volume is little per capita in China, and the shared ratio in all kinds of soil is unreasonable; Mainly be that arable land, forest land are few, difficulty utilizes the soil many, reserve land resources is not enough, and particularly the contradiction in people and arable land is particularly outstanding; Although China has solved the problem of food and clothing of the world's 1/5 population, it should be noted that also China's non-agricultural land increases year by year; The per capita cultivated land will reduce year by year, and the population pressure in soil will be more and more big.
If so can plant economic crops in the slope, like medicinal material etc., just can vacate a part of soil and plant cereal crops, this is not that very abundant country has very big application value to our this land resources.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming the deficiency of prior art, the present invention provides a kind of method of hillside fields plantation bark of ash, promptly solves the man technology of planting of wild change, practices thrift the valuable land resources of China again.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: a kind of method of hillside fields plantation bark of ash, comprise the steps, by weight:
The first step: seed treatment; With the bark of ash seed at northern natural temperature; Humidity surpasses to survive the winter under 85% the condition placed 15~90 days, and 12~30h carries out seed treatment before plantation, mixed stirrings with 0.5~2 part weed killer herbicide, 0.1~1 part weed killer herbicide with 10~15 parts of seeds and got final product;
Second step: handle in the place, selects 1500~4300 meters of height above sea level, and the hillside fields that the gradient is 15 °~55 ° is the plantation place, in plantation the last week, ploughs, and the degree of depth of ploughing is 15~30cm, and applies 7000~8000 kilograms/hectare of fertilizers;
The 3rd step: plantation, the seed of handling well in first step drilling or the mode of broadcasting sowing are planted in the field handled well in second step on the ground, cover the agricultural crop straw that a layer thickness is 10~20mm after the plantation in the above.
Fertilizer in described second step is by weight ratio: 5~7 parts cow dung, 3~5 parts human excrement.
Seeding quantity in described the 3rd step is 20~30 kilograms/hectare, and sowing depth is 5~15mm.
It is 10~25cm that the artificial method of selecting seedling of the back use of emerging keeps line-spacing, spacing in the rows 1~15cm.
The present invention compares the beneficial effect that has with prior art:
1, the preceding 12~30h of plantation carries out seed treatment; Mix to stir with 10~15 parts of seeds with 0.5~2 part weed killer herbicide, 0.1~1 part weed killer herbicide and get final product; Carry out the generation that seed treatment can effectively reduce damage by disease and insect early stage, reduce the work in people's later stage, can guarantee germination rate simultaneously.
2, the after-applied fertilizer of ploughing both can improve the bad problem of hillside fields soil property, can also reduce and even not use chemical fertilizer, had effectively practiced thrift cost, and also environmental protection has guaranteed the quality and the property of medicine of bark of ash.
3, cover the agricultural crop straw that a layer thickness is 10~20mm in the above after the plantation, can effectively keep moisture, guarantee bud ratio, agricultural crop straw also is the source of nutrition behind the seed sprouting simultaneously.
4, fertilizer is by weight ratio: 5~7 parts cow dung, and 3~5 parts human excrement, abundant, with low cost in the source, rural area.
5, only need 14 months vegetative period of the present invention, drug effect is equivalent to the drug effect in 3 years of wild bark of ash growth, simultaneously by method of the present invention; Germination rate can reach more than 75%; It is the plantation place that the present invention selects the hillside fields, both has been fit to the bark of ash growth, can also effectively utilize the valuable land resources of China.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment the present invention is described further:
A kind of method of hillside fields plantation bark of ash comprises the steps, by weight:
The first step: seed treatment; With the bark of ash seed at northern natural temperature; Humidity surpasses to survive the winter under 85% the condition placed 15~90 days, and 12~30h carries out seed treatment before plantation, mixed stirrings with 0.5~2 part weed killer herbicide, 0.1~1 part weed killer herbicide with 10~15 parts of seeds and got final product;
Second step: handle in the place, selects 1500~4300 meters of height above sea level, and the hillside fields that the gradient is 15 °~55 ° is the plantation place, in plantation the last week, ploughs, and the degree of depth of ploughing is 15~30cm, and applies 7000~8000 kilograms/hectare of fertilizers;
The 3rd step: plantation, the seed of handling well in first step drilling or the mode of broadcasting sowing are planted in the field handled well in second step on the ground, cover the agricultural crop straw that a layer thickness is 10~20mm after the plantation in the above.
Fertilizer in described second step is by weight ratio: 5~7 parts cow dung, 3~5 parts human excrement.
Seeding quantity in described the 3rd step is 20~30 kilograms/hectare, and sowing depth is 5~15mm.
It is 10~25cm that the artificial method of selecting seedling of the back use of emerging keeps line-spacing, spacing in the rows 10~25cm.
Embodiment 1: a kind of method of hillside fields plantation bark of ash, comprise the steps, by weight:
The first step: seed treatment; With the bark of ash seed at northern natural temperature; Humidity surpasses to survive the winter under 85% the condition placed 15~90 days, and 12~30h carries out seed treatment before plantation, mixed stirrings with 0.5 part weed killer herbicide, 1 part weed killer herbicide with 10 parts of seeds and got final product;
Second step: handle in the place; Select 1500~4300 meters of height above sea level, the hillside fields that the gradient is 15 °~55 ° is the plantation place, in plantation the last week, ploughs; The degree of depth of ploughing is 15~30cm; And applying 7000~7500 kilograms/hectare of fertilizers, described fertilizer proportioning is: 5 parts cow dung, 5 parts human excrement;
The 3rd step: plantation; The seed of handling well in first step drilling or the mode of broadcasting sowing are planted in the field handled well in second step on the ground; Seeding quantity is 20~30 kilograms/hectare, and sowing depth is 5~15mm, covers the agricultural crop straw that a layer thickness is 20mm after the plantation in the above; It is 10~25cm that the artificial method of selecting seedling of the back use of emerging keeps line-spacing, spacing in the rows 1~15cm.
Embodiment 2: a kind of method of hillside fields plantation bark of ash, comprise the steps, by weight:
The first step: seed treatment; With the bark of ash seed at northern natural temperature; Humidity surpasses to survive the winter under 75% the condition placed 15~90 days, and 12~30h carries out seed treatment before plantation, mixed stirrings with 2 parts weed killer herbicides, 0.1 part weed killer herbicide with 15 parts of seeds and got final product;
Second step: handle in the place; Select 1500~4300 meters of height above sea level, the hillside fields that the gradient is 15 °~55 ° is the plantation place, in plantation the last week, ploughs; The degree of depth of ploughing is 15~30cm; And applying 7500~8000 kilograms/hectare of fertilizers, described fertilizer proportioning is: 6 parts cow dung, 4 parts human excrement;
The 3rd step: plantation; The seed of handling well in first step drilling or the mode of broadcasting sowing are planted in the field handled well in second step on the ground; Seeding quantity is 20~30 kilograms/hectare, and sowing depth is 5~15mm, covers the agricultural crop straw that a layer thickness is 10mm after the plantation in the above; It is 10~25cm that the artificial method of selecting seedling of the back use of emerging keeps line-spacing, spacing in the rows 1~15cm.
Embodiment 3: a kind of method of hillside fields plantation bark of ash, comprise the steps, by weight:
The first step: seed treatment, at northern natural temperature, humidity surpasses to survive the winter under 75% the condition placed 15~90 days, and 12~30h carries out seed treatment before plantation with the bark of ash seed, mixed stirrings with 1 part weed killer herbicide, 1 part weed killer herbicide with 12 parts of seeds and got final product;
Second step: handle in the place; Select 1500~4300 meters of height above sea level, the hillside fields that the gradient is 15 °~55 ° is the plantation place, in plantation the last week, ploughs; The degree of depth of ploughing is 15~30cm; And applying 7000~7500 kilograms/hectare of fertilizers, described fertilizer proportioning is: 7 parts cow dung, 3 parts human excrement;
The 3rd step: plantation; The seed of handling well in first step drilling or the mode of broadcasting sowing are planted in the field handled well in second step on the ground; Seeding quantity is 20~30 kilograms/hectare, and sowing depth is 5~15mm, covers the agricultural crop straw that a layer thickness is 15mm after the plantation in the above; It is 10~25cm that the artificial method of selecting seedling of the back use of emerging keeps line-spacing, spacing in the rows 1~15cm.
Embodiment 4: a kind of method of hillside fields plantation bark of ash, comprise the steps, by weight:
The first step: seed treatment, at northern natural temperature, humidity surpasses to survive the winter under 75% the condition placed 15~90 days, and 12~30h carries out seed treatment before plantation with the bark of ash seed, mixed stirrings with 2 parts weed killer herbicides, 1 part weed killer herbicide with 10 parts of seeds and got final product;
Second step: handle in the place; Select 1500~4300 meters of height above sea level, the hillside fields that the gradient is 15 °~55 ° is the plantation place, in plantation the last week, ploughs; The degree of depth of ploughing is 15~30cm; And applying 7000~7500 kilograms/hectare of fertilizers, described fertilizer proportioning is: 6 parts cow dung, 4 parts human excrement;
The 3rd step: plantation; The seed of handling well in first step drilling or the mode of broadcasting sowing are planted in the field handled well in second step on the ground; Seeding quantity is 20~30 kilograms/hectare, and sowing depth is 5~15mm, covers the agricultural crop straw that a layer thickness is 12mm after the plantation in the above; It is 10~25cm that the artificial method of selecting seedling of the back use of emerging keeps line-spacing, spacing in the rows 1~15cm.

Claims (4)

1. the method for hillside fields plantation bark of ash is characterized in that: comprises the steps, by weight:
The first step: seed treatment; With the bark of ash seed at northern natural temperature; Humidity surpasses to survive the winter under 85% the condition placed 15~90 days, and 12~30h carries out seed treatment before plantation, mixed stirrings with 0.5~2 part weed killer herbicide, 0.1~1 part weed killer herbicide with 10~15 parts of seeds and got final product;
Second step: handle in the place, selects 1500~4300 meters of height above sea level, and the hillside fields that the gradient is 15 °~55 ° is the plantation place, in plantation the last week, ploughs, and the degree of depth of ploughing is 15~30cm, and applies 7000~8000 kilograms/hectare of fertilizers;
The 3rd step: plantation, the seed of handling well in first step drilling or the mode of broadcasting sowing are planted in the field handled well in second step on the ground, cover the agricultural crop straw that a layer thickness is 10~20mm after the plantation in the above.
2. the method for a kind of hillside fields plantation bark of ash according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the fertilizer in described second step is by weight ratio: 5~7 parts cow dung, 3~5 parts human excrement.
3. the method for a kind of hillside fields plantation bark of ash according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the seeding quantity in described the 3rd step is 20~30 kilograms/hectare, and sowing depth is 5~15mm.
4. the method for a kind of hillside fields plantation bark of ash according to claim 1 is characterized in that: it is 10~25cm that the back of emerging uses artificial method of selecting seedling to keep line-spacing, spacing in the rows 1~15cm.
CN201110151792A 2011-05-31 2011-05-31 Method for planting large-leaved gentian in sloping field Pending CN102318476A (en)

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CN102783350A (en) * 2012-09-03 2012-11-21 云南省农业科学院药用植物研究所 Seedling culture method capable of improving emergence rate of gentiana crassicaulis
CN103210754A (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-07-24 四川省农业科学院经济作物育种栽培研究所 Method for breeding gentiana macrophylla low-altitude sound seedlings
CN103270883A (en) * 2013-06-09 2013-09-04 陇西中天药业有限责任公司 Non-woven fabric covering seedling method for gentiana macrophylla
CN105432295A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-30 宁蒗县国兵生物科技有限公司 Gentiana macrophylla planting method for preventing successive cropping obstacles
CN105724026A (en) * 2016-03-08 2016-07-06 广西壮族自治区药用植物园 Radix gentianae dahuricae cultivation method

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102783350A (en) * 2012-09-03 2012-11-21 云南省农业科学院药用植物研究所 Seedling culture method capable of improving emergence rate of gentiana crassicaulis
CN103210754A (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-07-24 四川省农业科学院经济作物育种栽培研究所 Method for breeding gentiana macrophylla low-altitude sound seedlings
CN103210754B (en) * 2012-11-23 2014-12-10 四川省农业科学院经济作物育种栽培研究所 Method for breeding gentiana macrophylla low-altitude sound seedlings
CN103270883A (en) * 2013-06-09 2013-09-04 陇西中天药业有限责任公司 Non-woven fabric covering seedling method for gentiana macrophylla
CN105432295A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-30 宁蒗县国兵生物科技有限公司 Gentiana macrophylla planting method for preventing successive cropping obstacles
CN105724026A (en) * 2016-03-08 2016-07-06 广西壮族自治区药用植物园 Radix gentianae dahuricae cultivation method
CN105724026B (en) * 2016-03-08 2019-09-27 广西壮族自治区药用植物园 A kind of radix gentiane dahuvicae cultural method

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Application publication date: 20120118