CN102311751A - Method for producing oil by degrading waste tires - Google Patents

Method for producing oil by degrading waste tires Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102311751A
CN102311751A CN2010102234299A CN201010223429A CN102311751A CN 102311751 A CN102311751 A CN 102311751A CN 2010102234299 A CN2010102234299 A CN 2010102234299A CN 201010223429 A CN201010223429 A CN 201010223429A CN 102311751 A CN102311751 A CN 102311751A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
oil
damaged tire
gas
cracking
waste tires
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Pending
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CN2010102234299A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张伟
程建
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QINGDAO FUANBO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENERGY CO Ltd
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QINGDAO FUANBO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENERGY CO Ltd
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Priority to CN2010102234299A priority Critical patent/CN102311751A/en
Publication of CN102311751A publication Critical patent/CN102311751A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a method for producing oil by degrading waste tires, which is characterized by comprising the following steps: (1) pretreating waste tires; (2) performing catalytic cracking; and (3) refining oil. The method has the advantage that: waste tires are pretreated and added with a catalyst to undergo catalytic thermal cracking, the oil-gas mixture obtained by the cracking is delivered into a pressure-reducing gas separation bag for detention integration, oil-containing impurities are settled, prepared crude oil is pumped into a refining kettle by a pump from a storage tank, 0.5 to 3 percent of high-activity white clay is added for decolorization and deodorization, the crude oil is heated to 60 to 80 DEG C with stirring and then cooled, and finished oil is obtained by solid-liquid separation; and thus, the technique and quality of a lipid fuel oil and carbon black catalytic cracking are improved, various components including cracking residue and oil, which are produced in the catalytic cracking, are fully utilized to produce byproducts, namely energy conservation and environment protection are realized, the discharge of smoke dust is reduced, reaction time is reduced, and oil yield is increased. The method is favorable for the realization of an industrial continuous production process.

Description

A kind of method of utilizing damaged tire degraded system oil
Technical field
The invention belongs to a kind of method of making oil, brightly specifically relate to a kind of method of utilizing damaged tire degraded system oil.
Technical background
Along with the socio-economic development of China and the raising of living standards of the people, the continuous development of automotive industry has been undisputable fact.But following a large amount of scraped car tire brings harm also serious day by day to environment.Traditional accumulation landfill technology is land occupation not only, abandons potential energy in the wheel, and can be the source of disaster hidden-trouble and pollution; Tyre rebuilding is with to manufacture ground rubber market less and less.Tire contains the structure that is similar to fragrant cinder polymkeric substance in the coal.Utilize angle to say from the cinder class, the pyrolysis of damaged tire can obtain the product of high value, and like oil product, carbon black and high performance fuel gas, therefore, damaged tire degraded system oil develops rapidly in the research and development of China.Waste rubber is the polymer pollutent that is only second to plastic waste, derived prods or direct products when being the refining of crude oil or diesel oil.The long-term air storage of waste rubber product not only cause the significant wastage of resource, and its natural degradation process is very slow, has become the black pollution of the rapid spread in various countries.If a large amount of damaged tires is dealt with improperly, will cause severe energy waste and environmental pollution.And utilize damaged tire production fuel oil diesel oil and carry out resource utilization, where which it is come from, can not only thoroughly separate depollution, can also obtain the energy again, alleviate the energy situation of growing tension.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of method of utilizing damaged tire degraded system oil, this method is to carry out catalytic pyrolysis with adding catalyzer after the damaged tire pre-treatment, and the gas-oil mixture entering step-down that pyrolysis is gone out divides gas bag to be detained integration; Sedimentation oil-containing impurity; The crude oil that makes is pumped into refining kettle by basin, add 3%~5 ‰ high-efficient activated clay decolouring taste removal, 60~80 ℃ of stirring heating; Cooling and solid-liquid separation go out processed oil; Thereby effectively improve its catalytic pyrolysis grease fuel oil, sooty technology and quality, make full use of its various compositions of producing and comprise that cracked residue, oil produces by product, i.e. energy-conserving and environment-protective; Reduce smoke discharge amount, shorten the reaction times, improve oil yield.
The objective of the invention is to realize that by following technical scheme developed a kind of method of utilizing damaged tire degraded system oil, this method comprises the steps:
(1) damaged tire pre-treatment: the circle mouth of damaged tire cut down get a machine with inner ring a steel wire is wherein removed; With tire shredder it is ground into 5~6mm small-particle after tyre surface process slitting, the stripping and slicing, sends into subsequent processing after separating steel wire through washboard, magnetic separation;
(2) catalytic pyrolysis: pretreated damaged tire particle is sent in the horizontal rotation cracking reaction still through the spiral feeder; And adding catalyzer: 2 ‰~3 ‰ activated aluminas, 5 ‰~6 ‰ basic catalysts (NaOH/KOH) and 2 ‰~3 ‰ artificial zeolites; Heat to 360~380 ℃, carry out catalytic pyrolysis;
The gas-oil mixture entering step-down that pyrolysis is gone out divides gas bag to be detained integration, and sedimentation oil-containing impurity, oil gas ascension to Y zeolite carry out cooling off after the catalysis, collect the methane gas that burning can not be condensed;
The material in reactor cracking stops to heat and lowering the temperature after finishing, and residual gas in the system is extracted out handled, and damaged tire residue carbon black is cooked major ingredient, and the used oil residual oil is produced the carbon black by product as sticker;
(3) oil purification: above-mentioned prepared crude oil is pumped into refining kettle by basin, add 3 ‰~5 ‰ high-efficient activated clay decolouring taste removal, 60~80 ℃ of stirring heating, cooling and solid-liquid separation go out processed oil.
The reaction pressure scope is at 23-40Mpa described in the method for described a kind of damaged tire degraded system oil; Reacted 10-60 minute; Be cooled to room temperature; The gas-liquid product separates: the liquid phase oil aqueous emulsion carries out oily water separation with the THF extraction, isolates to add anhydrous Na SO in the THF that contains solvend 4Removing wherein is minor amount of water, again through evaporation and 0.2 normal atmosphere under normal pressure 60-70 ℃ condition, after the vacuum-drying, obtains oil product under the 30-50 ℃ of condition, and isolated water can be recycled.
Processed oil described in the method for described a kind of damaged tire degraded system oil is sent into rectifying tower rectifying; Rectification temperature is controlled at 90~360 ℃; Being solvent oil after 90~150 ℃ of cut condensations wherein, is gasoline after 150~220 ℃ of cut condensations, and 220~360 ℃ of cuts are diesel oil.
The gasoline of the method preparation of described damaged tire degraded system oil and diesel fuel applications are in oil motor, boats and ships, fuel boiler.
Thereby advantage of the present invention is effectively to improve its catalytic pyrolysis grease fuel oil, makes full use of the various compositions that it is produced, and energy-conserving and environment-protective reduce smoke discharge amount, shorten the reaction times, improve oil yield, helps the industriallization continuous production processes and realizes.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
(1) damaged tire pre-treatment: the circle mouth of damaged tire cut down get a machine with inner ring a steel wire is wherein removed; With tire shredder it is ground into 5~6mm small-particle after tyre surface process slitting, the stripping and slicing, sends into subsequent processing after separating steel wire through washboard, magnetic separation;
(2) catalytic pyrolysis: pretreated damaged tire particle is sent in the horizontal rotation cracking reaction still through the spiral feeder; And adding catalyzer: 2 ‰ activated aluminas, 5 ‰ basic catalysts (NaOH/KOH) and 2 ‰ artificial zeolites; Heat to 360 ℃, carry out catalytic pyrolysis;
The gas-oil mixture entering step-down that pyrolysis is gone out divides gas bag to be detained integration, and sedimentation oil-containing impurity, oil gas ascension to Y zeolite carry out cooling off after the catalysis, collect the methane gas that burning can not be condensed;
The material in reactor cracking stops to heat and lowering the temperature after finishing, and residual gas in the system is extracted out handled, and damaged tire residue carbon black is cooked major ingredient, and the used oil residual oil is produced the carbon black by product as sticker.
(3) oil purification: above-mentioned prepared crude oil is pumped into refining kettle by basin, add 3 ‰ high-efficient activated clay decolouring taste removal, 60 ℃ of stirring heating, cooling and solid-liquid separation go out processed oil.
The reaction pressure scope is at 23Mpa described in the method for described a kind of damaged tire degraded system oil; Reacted 10 minutes; Be cooled to room temperature, the gas-liquid product separates: the liquid phase oil aqueous emulsion carries out oily water separation with the THF extraction, isolates to add anhydrous Na SO in the THF that contains solvend 4Removing wherein is minor amount of water, again through evaporation and 0.2 normal atmosphere under the condition of 60 ℃ of normal pressures, after the vacuum-drying, obtains oil product under 30 ℃ of conditions, and isolated water can be recycled.
Processed oil described in the method for described a kind of damaged tire degraded system oil is sent into rectifying tower rectifying; Rectification temperature is controlled at 90 ℃; Being solvent oil after 90 ℃ of cut condensations wherein, is gasoline after 150 ℃ of cut condensations, and obtaining the gasoline rate is 95.1%; 220 ℃ of cuts are diesel oil, and obtaining the diesel oil rate is 94.8%.
Embodiment 2
(1) damaged tire pre-treatment: the circle mouth of damaged tire cut down get a machine with inner ring a steel wire is wherein removed; With tire shredder it is ground into 5~6mm small-particle after tyre surface process slitting, the stripping and slicing, sends into subsequent processing after separating steel wire through washboard, magnetic separation;
(2) catalytic pyrolysis: pretreated damaged tire particle is sent in the horizontal rotation cracking reaction still through the spiral feeder; And adding catalyzer: 2 ‰~3 ‰ activated aluminas, 5.5 ‰ basic catalysts (NaOH/KOH) and 2.5 ‰ artificial zeolites; Heat to 370 ℃, carry out catalytic pyrolysis;
The gas-oil mixture entering step-down that pyrolysis is gone out divides gas bag to be detained integration, and sedimentation oil-containing impurity, oil gas ascension to Y zeolite carry out cooling off after the catalysis, collect the methane gas that burning can not be condensed;
The material in reactor cracking stops to heat and lowering the temperature after finishing, and residual gas in the system is extracted out handled, and damaged tire residue carbon black is cooked major ingredient, and the used oil residual oil is produced the carbon black by product as sticker.
(3) oil purification: above-mentioned prepared crude oil is pumped into refining kettle by basin, add 4 ‰ high-efficient activated clay decolouring taste removal, 70 ℃ of stirring heating, cooling and solid-liquid separation go out processed oil.
The reaction pressure scope is at 30Mpa described in the method for described a kind of damaged tire degraded system oil; Reacted 40 minutes; Be cooled to room temperature, the gas-liquid product separates: the liquid phase oil aqueous emulsion carries out oily water separation with the THF extraction, isolates to add anhydrous Na SO in the THF that contains solvend 4Removing wherein is minor amount of water, again through evaporation and 0.2 normal atmosphere under the condition of 65 ℃ of normal pressures, after the vacuum-drying, obtains oil product under 40 ℃ of conditions, and isolated water can be recycled.
Processed oil described in the method for described a kind of damaged tire degraded system oil is sent into rectifying tower rectifying; Rectification temperature is controlled at 200 ℃; Being solvent oil after 120 ℃ of cut condensations wherein, is gasoline after 190 ℃ of cut condensations, and obtaining the gasoline rate is 97.4%; 300 ℃ of cuts are diesel oil, and obtaining the diesel oil rate is 96.5%.
Embodiment 3
(1) damaged tire pre-treatment: the circle mouth of damaged tire cut down get a machine with inner ring a steel wire is wherein removed; With tire shredder it is ground into 5~6mm small-particle after tyre surface process slitting, the stripping and slicing, sends into subsequent processing after separating steel wire through washboard, magnetic separation;
(2) catalytic pyrolysis: pretreated damaged tire particle is sent in the horizontal rotation cracking reaction still through the spiral feeder; And adding catalyzer: 3 ‰ activated aluminas, 6 ‰ basic catalysts (NaOH/KOH) and 3 ‰ artificial zeolites; Heat to 380 ℃, carry out catalytic pyrolysis;
The gas-oil mixture entering step-down that pyrolysis is gone out divides gas bag to be detained integration, and sedimentation oil-containing impurity, oil gas ascension to Y zeolite carry out cooling off after the catalysis, collect the methane gas that burning can not be condensed;
The material in reactor cracking stops to heat and lowering the temperature after finishing, and residual gas in the system is extracted out handled, and damaged tire residue carbon black is cooked major ingredient, and the used oil residual oil is produced the carbon black by product as sticker.
(3) oil purification: above-mentioned prepared crude oil is pumped into refining kettle by basin, add 5 ‰ high-efficient activated clay decolouring taste removal, 80 ℃ of stirring heating, cooling and solid-liquid separation go out processed oil.
The reaction pressure scope is at 40Mpa described in the method for described a kind of damaged tire degraded system oil; Reacted 60 minutes; Be cooled to room temperature, the gas-liquid product separates: the liquid phase oil aqueous emulsion carries out oily water separation with the THF extraction, isolates to add anhydrous Na SO in the THF that contains solvend 4Removing wherein is minor amount of water, again through evaporation and 0.2 normal atmosphere under the condition of 70 ℃ of normal pressures, after the vacuum-drying, obtains oil product under 50 ℃ of conditions, and isolated water can be recycled.
Processed oil described in the method for described a kind of damaged tire degraded system oil is sent into rectifying tower rectifying; Rectification temperature is controlled at 360 ℃; Being solvent oil after 150 ℃ of cut condensations wherein, is gasoline after 220 ℃ of cut condensations, and obtaining the gasoline rate is 98.9%; 360 ℃ of cuts are diesel oil, and obtaining the diesel oil rate is 98.2%.
The gasoline of the method preparation of described damaged tire degraded system oil and diesel fuel applications are in oil motor, boats and ships, fuel boiler.
Those of ordinary skill in the art can understand, and in protection scope of the present invention, makes amendment for the foregoing description, and it all is possible adding and replacing, and it does not all exceed protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a method of utilizing damaged tire degraded system oil is characterized in that comprising the steps:
(1) damaged tire pre-treatment: the circle mouth of damaged tire cut down get a machine with inner ring a steel wire is wherein removed; With tire shredder it is ground into 5~6mm small-particle after tyre surface process slitting, the stripping and slicing, sends into subsequent processing after separating steel wire through washboard, magnetic separation;
(2) catalytic pyrolysis: pretreated damaged tire particle is sent in the horizontal rotation cracking reaction still through the spiral feeder; And adding catalyzer: 2 ‰~3 ‰ activated aluminas, 5 ‰~6 ‰ basic catalysts (NaOH/KOH) and 2 ‰~3 ‰ artificial zeolites; Heat to 360~380 ℃, carry out catalytic pyrolysis;
The gas-oil mixture entering step-down that pyrolysis is gone out divides gas bag to be detained integration, and sedimentation oil-containing impurity, oil gas ascension to Y zeolite carry out cooling off after the catalysis, collect the methane gas that burning can not be condensed;
The material in reactor cracking stops to heat and lowering the temperature after finishing, and residual gas in the system is extracted out handled, and damaged tire residue carbon black is cooked major ingredient, and the used oil residual oil is produced the carbon black by product as sticker;
(3) oil purification: above-mentioned prepared crude oil is pumped into refining kettle by basin, add 3 ‰~5 ‰ high-efficient activated clay decolouring taste removal, 60~80 ℃ of stirring heating, cooling and solid-liquid separation go out processed oil.
2. the method for a kind of damaged tire degraded system oil as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that: said reaction pressure scope is at 23-40Mpa; Reacted 10-60 minute; Be cooled to room temperature, the gas-liquid product separates: the liquid phase oil aqueous emulsion carries out oily water separation with the THF extraction, isolates to add anhydrous Na SO in the THF that contains solvend 4Removing wherein is minor amount of water, again through evaporation and 0.2 normal atmosphere under normal pressure 60-70 ℃ condition, after the vacuum-drying, obtains oil product under the 30-50 ℃ of condition, and isolated water can be recycled.
3. the method for a kind of damaged tire degraded system oil as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that: described processed oil is sent into rectifying tower rectifying; Rectification temperature is controlled at 90~360 ℃; Being solvent oil after 90~150 ℃ of cut condensations wherein, is gasoline after 150~220 ℃ of cut condensations, and 220~360 ℃ of cuts are diesel oil.
According to the gasoline of the method preparation of claim 1 or 2 or 3 described damaged tires degraded system oil and diesel fuel applications in oil motor, boats and ships, fuel boiler.
CN2010102234299A 2010-07-05 2010-07-05 Method for producing oil by degrading waste tires Pending CN102311751A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103911173A (en) * 2014-04-02 2014-07-09 吴国存 Drastic extraction purification device and technology used in mixed heat working process of organic materials
CN103937543A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-07-23 沈阳化工大学 Decoloring and deodorizing method of pyrolysis oil of waste tyres
CN104130795A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-11-05 河南理工大学 Hydrothermal method for processing waste rubber and preparing liquid fuel
CN105001910A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-10-28 洛阳瑞泽石化工程有限公司 Combined-type hydrogenation treatment method of tire pyrolysis oil
CN105829087A (en) * 2013-12-19 2016-08-03 普利司通美国轮胎运营有限责任公司 System and method for recycling tires including tire pyrolysis
CN107201245A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-09-26 河南地之绿环保科技有限公司 A kind of cracking of waste plastics purification process technique
CN109609171A (en) * 2018-12-24 2019-04-12 大连理工大学 A kind of waste tire catalytic pyrolysis method
CN112011364A (en) * 2020-08-31 2020-12-01 广州世朗普力斯绿色环保科技有限公司 High-efficiency non-hydrodesulfurization method for waste tire pyrolysis oil

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105829087A (en) * 2013-12-19 2016-08-03 普利司通美国轮胎运营有限责任公司 System and method for recycling tires including tire pyrolysis
CN103911173A (en) * 2014-04-02 2014-07-09 吴国存 Drastic extraction purification device and technology used in mixed heat working process of organic materials
CN103911173B (en) * 2014-04-02 2015-12-02 唐山山岛石油化学有限公司 Drastic extraction purifying plant in mixture heat processing organic materials process and technique
CN103937543A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-07-23 沈阳化工大学 Decoloring and deodorizing method of pyrolysis oil of waste tyres
CN104130795A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-11-05 河南理工大学 Hydrothermal method for processing waste rubber and preparing liquid fuel
CN105001910A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-10-28 洛阳瑞泽石化工程有限公司 Combined-type hydrogenation treatment method of tire pyrolysis oil
CN107201245A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-09-26 河南地之绿环保科技有限公司 A kind of cracking of waste plastics purification process technique
CN107201245B (en) * 2017-06-30 2019-05-03 河南地之绿环保科技有限公司 A kind of cracking of waste plastics purification process technique
CN109609171A (en) * 2018-12-24 2019-04-12 大连理工大学 A kind of waste tire catalytic pyrolysis method
CN112011364A (en) * 2020-08-31 2020-12-01 广州世朗普力斯绿色环保科技有限公司 High-efficiency non-hydrodesulfurization method for waste tire pyrolysis oil

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Application publication date: 20120111