CN102310762A - 给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置 - Google Patents

给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置 Download PDF

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CN102310762A
CN102310762A CN201110129720A CN201110129720A CN102310762A CN 102310762 A CN102310762 A CN 102310762A CN 201110129720 A CN201110129720 A CN 201110129720A CN 201110129720 A CN201110129720 A CN 201110129720A CN 102310762 A CN102310762 A CN 102310762A
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韩汶冀
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Xinjiang Zhongtian Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L50/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L50/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L50/50Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells
    • B60L50/60Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells using power supplied by batteries
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/50Charging stations characterised by energy-storage or power-generation means
    • B60L53/56Mechanical storage means, e.g. fly wheels
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/14Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from dynamo-electric generators driven at varying speed, e.g. on vehicle
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/14Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from dynamo-electric generators driven at varying speed, e.g. on vehicle
    • H02J7/1423Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from dynamo-electric generators driven at varying speed, e.g. on vehicle with multiple batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K21/00Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets
    • H02K21/12Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets with stationary armatures and rotating magnets
    • H02K21/24Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets with stationary armatures and rotating magnets with magnets axially facing the armatures, e.g. hub-type cycle dynamos
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K53/00Alleged dynamo-electric perpetua mobilia
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K7/00Arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with dynamo-electric machines, e.g. structural association with mechanical driving motors or auxiliary dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K7/18Structural association of electric generators with mechanical driving motors, e.g. with turbines
    • H02K7/1807Rotary generators
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K7/00Arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with dynamo-electric machines, e.g. structural association with mechanical driving motors or auxiliary dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K7/18Structural association of electric generators with mechanical driving motors, e.g. with turbines
    • H02K7/1807Rotary generators
    • H02K7/1846Rotary generators structurally associated with wheels or associated parts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K25/00Auxiliary drives
    • B60K25/08Auxiliary drives from a ground wheel, e.g. engaging the wheel tread or rim
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2220/00Electrical machine types; Structures or applications thereof
    • B60L2220/40Electrical machine applications
    • B60L2220/44Wheel Hub motors, i.e. integrated in the wheel hub
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO ASPECTS CROSS-CUTTING VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY
    • B60Y2200/00Type of vehicle
    • B60Y2200/90Vehicles comprising electric prime movers
    • B60Y2200/91Electric vehicles
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J2310/00The network for supplying or distributing electric power characterised by its spatial reach or by the load
    • H02J2310/40The network being an on-board power network, i.e. within a vehicle
    • H02J2310/48The network being an on-board power network, i.e. within a vehicle for electric vehicles [EV] or hybrid vehicles [HEV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/64Electric machine technologies in electromobility
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
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    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
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    • Y10S74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10S74/09Perpetual motion gimmicks

Abstract

本发明公开了一种给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置,属于一种车用电器装置。给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置包括发电机、充电器和蓄电池,所述的发电机是盘式发电机,安装在各车轮的轮辋上;发电、充电装置配有与车载电源相同的蓄电池,发电机的电流引出线通过充电器和电路转换器连接蓄电池;电动汽车原配蓄电池通过电路转换器连接汽车供电接线柱。给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置可使电动汽车车载电源电量不足时有替换电源,使其续行里程大大增加,为推广电动汽车创造了条件。为节能、环保和减少电动汽车应用的投资作了有益的工作。

Description

给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置
[0001] 技术领域:本发明涉及一种发电、充电装置,特别是电动汽车上的发电、充电装置。
[0002] 背景技术:为了开发利用新能源,各种新能源汽车应运而生。从技术发展成熟程度和中国国情来看,纯电动汽车应是大力推广的发展方向。电动汽车由蓄电池供电,电动车的蓄电池电量不足时需到充电站充电后才能继续行使,其续行里程之长短取决于车载动力电池容量之大小。业内人士说,现有电动车的续行能力,用铅酸蓄电池的车为150公里,用锂电池的车为300多公里。可见,蓄电池的电量成为电动车续行能力的关键。在边远地区,城镇之间距离遥远,推广应用电动汽车需要在公路沿线建设许多充电站。拉线建站的投资巨大,成为电动汽车推广的最大的障碍。
[0003] 发明内容:本发明的目的是设计一种给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置,使电动汽车续行里程加大,即使在没有城镇电源和没有充电站情况下也能持续行驶。为实现这一目的,采用了如下的技术方案:给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置包括发电机、充电器和蓄电池,所述的发电机是盘式发电机,安装在各车轮的轮辋上;发电、充电装置配有与车载电源相同的蓄电池,发电机的电流引出线通过充电器和电路转换器连接蓄电池;电动汽车原配蓄电池通过电路转换器连接汽车供电接线柱。
[0004] 发电、充电装置的发电机有一个圆盘状壳体,壳体内中心轴上装有紧固在轴上的两个永磁盘,两个永磁盘相对的内侧面上分别有被树脂浇铸在盘面内的两两相对且极性相反的永磁铁;两个永磁盘之间有一个可在轴上转动的绕组盘,绕组盘两侧盘面上有沿径向放置的被树脂浇铸在盘内的绕组线圈,绕组盘的盘面上的树脂内,靠近圆周的某局部位置填充有非磁性重物。非磁性重物的重量可调。
[0005] 带有电路转换器的发电、充电装置的电路结构是,盘式发电机电流引出线连接充电器,充电器连接电路转换器,电路转换器的引出线连接蓄电池;电动汽车原配蓄电池引出线连接电路转换器,电路转换器的引出线连接汽车供电接线柱;改变电路转换器的转换键位置,电路改变为,充电器通过电路转换器连接电动汽车原配蓄电池,发电、充电装置的蓄电池通过电路转换器连接汽车供电接线柱。
[0006] 给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置可使电动汽车车载电源电量不足时有替换电源,使其续行里程大大增加,为在边远地区推广电动汽车创造了条件。同时对节能、环保和减少电动汽车推广的投资将发挥巨大作用。
[0007] 附图说明:图1是给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置在电动汽车上安装的示意图。 图2是给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置所用的盘式发电机的结构示意图。图3是带有电路转换器的给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置的电路结构示意图。
[0008] 具体实施方式:下面结合附图作进一步的说明。
[0009] 如附图所示,给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置包括发电机、充电器和蓄电池。所述的发电机2采用了体积小、重量轻、扭矩小、效率高的盘式发电机,安装在车轮1的轮辋3 外面;发电、充电装置配有与电动汽车电源相同的蓄电池4,在充电完成时与电动汽车原配电源经过电路转换器14互换供电和充电。带有电路转换器14的发电、充电装置的电路结构是,盘式发电机2电流引出线连接充电器13,充电器连接电路转换器,电路转换器的引出线连接蓄电池4,为蓄电池充电;电动汽车原配蓄电池15引出线连接电路转换器,电路转换器的引出线连接汽车供电接线柱16,为汽车供电。当电动汽车原配蓄电池的电量消耗将尽时,改变电路转换器的转换键位置,电路改变为:充电器通过电路转换器连接电动汽车原配蓄电池,给电动汽车电源充电;发电、充电装置的蓄电池通过电路转换器连接汽车供电接线柱,为汽车供电。两个蓄电池交替供电和充电,保证电动汽车长途续行。
[0010] 发电、充电装置的发电机有一个带有端盖5的圆盘状壳体12,通过连接耳安装在电动汽车四个车轮的轮辋上,并随车轮一同转动。壳体上开有通风散热孔。壳体内中心轴上装有紧固在轴上的两个永磁盘6,两个永磁盘相对的内侧面同一大小的圆周上,分别有沿径向放置的、被树脂浇铸在盘面内的、两两相对且极性相反的永磁铁7和8。两个永磁盘之间有一个可在轴上转动的绕组盘9,绕组盘两侧盘面同一大小的圆周上分别有沿径向放置的被树脂浇铸在盘面内的绕组线圈10。绕组盘面上的树脂内,靠近盘边缘的某局部位置填充有非磁性重物11。调节非磁性重物的重量,可以改变发电机的发电量。两个永磁盘与壳体一同转动,而绕组盘因有偏心重量不会跟随永磁盘转动,盘上的线圈因切割磁力线而产生感应电流。
[0011] 发电、充电装置的发电机也可以有下面的实施方式:在发电机的圆盘状壳体内中心轴上装有紧固在轴上的两个绕组盘,两个绕组盘相对的内侧面同一大小的圆周上,有沿径向放置的被树脂浇铸在盘内的绕组线圈;两个绕组盘之间有一个可在轴上转动的永磁盘,永磁盘两侧盘面同一大小的圆周上,有被树脂浇铸在盘内的永磁铁,永磁盘盘面上的树脂内,靠近盘边缘的某局部位置填充有非磁性重物,非磁性重物的重量可调。
[0012] 给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置也可以应用在其他各种车辆和带有转动轮结构的设备上,以便节省能源。

Claims (5)

1.给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置,是为了使电动汽车能在没有充电站的长途公路上延长行驶里程的装置,包括发电机、充电器和蓄电池,其特征是:所述的发电机(¾是盘式发电机,安装在车轮(1)的轮辋(¾上;发电、充电装置配有与电动汽车电源相同的蓄电池G),发电机的引出线通过充电器(π)和电路转换器(14)连接蓄电池;电动汽车原配蓄电池通过电路转换器连接汽车供电接线柱。
2.如权利要求1所述的给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置,其特征是:带有电路转换器 (14)的发电、充电装置的电路结构是,盘式发电机(2)电流引出线连接充电器(13),充电器连接电路转换器(14),电路转换器的引出线连接蓄电池⑷;电动汽车原配蓄电池(15)引出线连接电路转换器(14),电路转换器的引出线连接汽车供电接线柱(16);改变电路转换器的转换键位置,电路改变为,充电器(1¾通过电路转换器(14)连接蓄电池(15),蓄电池 (4)通过电路转换器(14)连接汽车供电接线柱(16)。
3.如权利要求1所述的给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置,其特征是:其发电机有一个圆盘状壳体(12),壳体内中心轴上装有紧固在轴上的两个永磁盘(6),两个永磁盘相对的内侧面同一大小的圆周上,有被树脂浇铸在盘内的两两相对且极性相反的永磁铁(7)和 (8);两个永磁盘之间有一个可在轴上转动的绕组盘(9),绕组盘两侧盘面同一大小的圆周上,有沿径向放置的被树脂浇铸在盘内的绕组线圈(10),绕组盘面上的树脂内,靠近盘边缘的某局部位置,填充有非磁性重物(11),非磁性重物的重量可调。
4.如权利要求1或2所述的给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置,其特征是:其发电机有一个圆盘状壳体,壳体内中心轴上装有紧固在轴上的两个绕组盘,两个绕组盘相对的内侧面同一大小的圆周上,有沿径向放置的被树脂浇铸在盘内的绕组线圈;两个绕组盘之间有一个可在轴上转动的永磁盘,永磁盘两侧盘面同一大小的圆周上,有被树脂浇铸在盘内的永磁铁;永磁盘面上的树脂内,靠近盘边缘的某局部位置填充有非磁性重物,非磁性重物的重量可调。
5.如权利要求1所述的给电动汽车续行的发电、充电装置,其特征是:该发电、充电装置也可以安装在各种车辆和带有转动轮结构的设备上。
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JP2014509591A JP5774774B2 (ja) 2011-05-09 2012-04-27 電気自動車の続走用の発電および充電装置
CA2835655A CA2835655C (en) 2011-05-09 2012-04-27 Power generation and charging device for continuous running of electric automobile
EA201391530A EA025751B1 (ru) 2011-05-09 2012-04-27 Устройство для выработки энергии и подзарядки для обеспечения непрерывной работы электрического автомобиля
EP12782592.5A EP2708401A4 (en) 2011-05-09 2012-04-27 ENERGY GENERATION AND LOADING DEVICE FOR CONTINUOUS OPERATION OF AN ELECTRIC CAR
US14/116,755 US9278623B2 (en) 2011-05-09 2012-04-27 Power generation and charging device for continuous running of electric automobile
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