CN102303785B - Unpiler - Google Patents

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Publication number
CN102303785B
CN102303785B CN 201110292845 CN201110292845A CN102303785B CN 102303785 B CN102303785 B CN 102303785B CN 201110292845 CN201110292845 CN 201110292845 CN 201110292845 A CN201110292845 A CN 201110292845A CN 102303785 B CN102303785 B CN 102303785B
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China
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assembly
cylinder
frame
fixed
bottle
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CN 201110292845
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102303785A (en
Inventor
邓凌
曾国友
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广州达意隆包装机械股份有限公司
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Priority to CN 201110292845 priority Critical patent/CN102303785B/en
Publication of CN102303785A publication Critical patent/CN102303785A/en
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Publication of CN102303785B publication Critical patent/CN102303785B/en

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Abstract

本发明公开了一种卸垛机,包括主机,主机上安装有移动架、吸板装置、输瓶台、以及过渡板,移动架上安装有夹具,夹具包括安装在移动架上并可相对移动架水平移动的平移架、前夹板组件、后夹板组件、左夹板组件和右夹板组件,平移架上固定有前气缸、后气缸、左气缸和右气缸,所述的后气缸通过摆动机构与后夹板组件连接可驱动后夹板组件相对平移架摆动,前气缸、左气缸和右气缸的伸缩杆则分别与前夹板组件、左夹板组件和右夹板组件固连并可驱动相应的夹板组件水平移动。 The present invention discloses a depalletizer, comprising mounted on the host, the host moving frame, paddle means, bottle station, and a transition plate, and relative movement of the movable frame attached to the jig, the jig comprising a frame mounted on the mobile translational horizontal movement carrier frame, the front plate assembly, the clamping plate assembly, the left and right clamp assembly clamping plate assembly, secured to a translation frame front cylinder, a rear cylinder, a right and left bank cylinder, said rear cylinder and the rear by swinging mechanism a drive assembly connected to the rear cleat clamp assembly may be translated relative to the swing frame, the front cylinder, a left cylinder and a right cylinder rod in the front plate assembly, respectively, left and right clamp assembly clamping plate assemblies secured cleat assembly and drive the respective horizontal movement. 本发明结构更为简单,夹瓶的稳定性高,可大幅度降低抓取的瓶子出现掉落的机率,因此有助于提高卸瓶机的夹瓶速度以及夹具的运瓶速度,从而提高工作效率。 More simple structure of the present invention, high stability of the clip bottle, can significantly reduce the probability of dropped gripping bottle occurs, thus contributing to improve the operation speed and the clip bottle bottles bottle unloading speed jig, thereby enhancing effectiveness.

Description

一种卸操机 One kind of exercise machine unloading

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种对空瓶垛进行分层卸垛的卸垛机。 [0001] The present invention relates to a stratified stack bottles unstacking depalletizers.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在灌装生产线上,为节省大量人力、提高生产效率,往往采用卸垛机将码垛后的空瓶垛进行分层卸垛并搬运到输瓶台上,以使输瓶台将空瓶输送到灌装工位进行灌装。 [0002] In the filling line, to save a lot of manpower, improve production efficiency, often using empty bottle depalletizer stack stratification after stacking and destacking bottle conveying conveyed to the stage, so that the bottle conveying table transporting bottles to a filling station for filling.

[0003] 现有的卸垛机包括位于主机下侧的输垛装置,安装在主机上的移动架、吸板装置、夹隔板装置、输瓶台、以及过渡板,移动架上安装有可在移动架上水平滑动的夹具,过渡板位于夹具下方且可与移动架以及夹具同时升降,工作时,叉车将空瓶垛叉放到输垛装置上,在输垛装置上的解包位处将空瓶垛上的绕缠膜拆卸下来后,空瓶垛继续由输垛装置输送到卸垛工位,此时,吸板装置动作,将最高层的层隔板吸走,接着,移动架升降并移动到对应空瓶垛的最高层位置,通过其上的夹具将最高层的空瓶夹住并往过渡板运送,而夹隔板装置则将次高层的层隔板夹住以防止次高层的层隔板随最高层的空瓶一起移动,当移动架将该层的空瓶运送到过渡板后,移动架和过渡板同时升降到过渡板与输瓶台的上表面基本相平的位置,接着,移动架驱动夹具相对过渡 [0003] a conventional destacker comprising input means located on the lower side of the stack of the host, the host is mounted on the carriage, paddle means, interposed spacer means, bottle station, and a transition plate may be mounted on a mobile frame horizontal sliding movement of the jig frame, and a transition plate located below the jig simultaneously with the lifting movement of the clamp frame and, during operation, the fork truck to stack bottles placed on stack transport means, located at the unpacked stack on the output device after the film is wrapped around the stack of bottles on the detached, empty stack conveyed further by the input means to stack the depalletizing station, at this time, the operation of the suction plate means, the top of the spacer layer is sucked, and then, moving frame lift and move to a position corresponding to the top of the empty stack, sandwiched by a jig which will be the top of the bottles and shipped to the transition plate, the clip will rise times spacer layer sandwiched between the baffle means to prevent secondary the top layer of the separator moves with the top of the bottles, the bottles when the carrier transport layer is moved to the transition plate, transition plate and simultaneously moving frame to lift the upper surface of the transition plate bottle conveying phase substantially planar table position, and then moving the drive frame relative to the clamp transition 板向输瓶台移动将该层空瓶夹取并输送到输瓶台上,然后输瓶台将该层空瓶输送到输瓶装置上由其他机型进行相应的处理,如此重复至将整垛的空瓶都运送到输瓶装置上,最后,空垛板则由输垛装置输送到板仓机并收集起来。 Plate is moved towards the bottle conveying station gripping layer and Empty bottles conveyed to the output stage, and the output layer units empty bottle on the bottle conveying apparatus to transport the corresponding processed by other models, to repeat the entire stack of empty bottles are transported to a bottle conveying apparatus, finally, by the output stack empty pallet conveyor means to a warehouse machine and collected.

[0004] 此卸垛机虽然基本上能满足卸垛要求,但尚有不足之处:1、其夹具包括安装在移动架上并可相对移动架水平移动的平移架100,以及前夹板组件200、后夹板组件300、左夹板组件400、和右夹板组件500,所述的四个夹板组件200、300、400、500均通过摆动机构600、700、800、900与对应的气缸(图中未表示)连接,气缸均固定在平移架100上(如图1所示),当移动架升降到预定的位置时,摆动机构600、700、800、900在气缸的驱动下使对应的夹板组件200、300、400、500向上摆动,接着,平移架移动到对应最高层的空瓶的上方,然后摆动机构在气缸的驱动下使夹板组件向下摆动以将最高层的空瓶夹紧并运送到过渡板上,最后运送到输瓶台上以使输瓶台将该层空瓶输送到输瓶装置,这种通过气缸驱动摆动机构带动夹板组件摆动以夹紧或松开空瓶的方式,一方面,该夹具的结构 [0004] Although this destacker destacking substantially meet the requirements, but there are the shortcomings: 1, which includes a clamp mounted in a mobile frame and with respect to 100, the front plate assembly and carriage frame 200 horizontally movable translating after cleat assembly 300, a left clamp assembly 400, and a right clamp assembly 500, the four jaws 200, 300 have passed the oscillating mechanism assembly 600,700,800,900 and the respective cylinders (not shown) connected to the cylinder are fixed to the translating frame 100 (FIG. 1), when the lifting carriage to a predetermined position of the corresponding oscillating mechanism 600,700,800,900 cleat assembly 200 in the drive cylinder , 300, 400 swing upwardly, then, moved to the top of the bottles above the corresponding translation frame, and the swing mechanism so that the clamping plate drive cylinder assembly swings downward to the top of the bottles and shipped to a clamping on the transition plate, and finally conveyed to the stage so that the bottle conveying the bottle conveying station to the transport layer empty bottle conveying apparatus, which drives the swing jaw assembly releasably to clamp or cylinder drive empty manner by the swing mechanism, a aspect, the clamp structure 为复杂,另一方面,由于夹板组件摆动的幅度较大,所以在夹空瓶的那一瞬间夹板组件使瓶子产生较大的震动,影响夹瓶的稳定性,抓取的瓶子容易出现掉落,且工作效率低。 Complex, on the other hand, due to the clamping plate assemblies swinging a big margin, so in that moment plywood components folder empty bottle of the bottle have a greater shock, affecting the stability of the bottle clip, grab the bottle prone to fall and low efficiency. 2、其过渡板为仅能升降,而无法水平移动,因此,过渡板与输瓶台的水平间距、以及卸瓶位与过渡板之间的水平间距大小都是不变的,并且其间距一般都设置得较大,而空瓶由于瓶型不同,大小也是不同的,这样,对于小型的瓶子而言,间隙大则会在夹具将空瓶运送到过渡板、或者将空瓶从过渡板运送到输瓶台的过程中,影响空瓶的过渡平稳性,空瓶在过渡过程容易掉落。 2, which is only down the transition plate, and can not be moved horizontally, and therefore, the horizontal spacing of the transition plate and bottle conveying station, and the horizontal spacing between the size of the bottle discharge position and the transition plate is constant, and its spacing is generally are set to be larger, due to the different bottles and bottle size are different, so that, for a small bottle, the large gap in the clamp will be transported to the transition plate bottles or empty containers from the transition plate bottle conveying the process station, the influence of the smooth transition of bottles, bottles fall easily during the transition. 3、其吸板机构由摇臂结合连杆机构来带动吸盘组件来回曲线移动,以抓取空瓶上的层隔板,但是这种结构,在抓取层隔板并移动的过程中,容易晃动,所以,其运行速度较低,否则容易导致层隔板掉落的情况。 3, which suction plate means to drive chuck assembly moved back and forth curves, on the separator layer to grab bottles by the binding rocker linkage, but this configuration, during the gripping movement and the separator layer, it is easy shaking, so its speed is low, otherwise easily lead to fall of the separator layer. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的目的在于提供一种运行更为平稳、效率更高的卸垛机。 [0005] The object of the present invention is to provide a more stable operation, higher efficiency depalletizers.

[0006] 本发明所述的卸垛机,包括主机,主机上安装有移动架、吸板装置、输瓶台、以及过渡板,移动架上安装有夹具,夹具包括安装在移动架上并可相对移动架水平移动的平移架、前夹板组件、后夹板组件、左夹板组件和右夹板组件,平移架上固定有前气缸、后气缸、左气缸和右气缸,所述的后气缸通过摆动机构与后夹板组件连接可驱动后夹板组件相对平移架摆动,前气缸、左气缸和右气缸的伸缩杆则分别与前夹板组件、左夹板组件和右夹板组件固连并可驱动相应的夹板组件水平移动。 [0006] depalletizer according to the present invention, includes a main body mounted on the main carriage, paddle means, bottle station, and a transition plate mounted on the mobile frame jig, the jig comprising a frame mounted in a mobile and horizontally moving carriage relative translational frame, the front plate assembly, the clamping plate assembly, the left and right clamp assembly clamping plate assembly, secured to a translation frame front cylinder, a rear cylinder, left bank and right banks, by swinging the rear cylinder mechanism connection may drive the rear cleat clamp assembly relative translation frame assembly swings front cylinder, a left cylinder and a right cylinder rod in the front plate assembly, respectively, left and right clamp assembly clamping plate assemblies secured cleat assembly and drive the respective horizontal mobile.

[0007] 本发明将其夹具的前夹板组件、左夹板组件和右夹板组件分别与固定在平移架上的前气缸、左气缸和右气缸的伸缩杆固连,从而可通过相应的气缸驱动前夹板组件、左夹板组件和右夹板组件水平移动,与通过后气缸驱动而摆动的后夹板组件一起来实现对空瓶层的夹紧和松放,即,当前气缸、左气缸和后气缸同时驱动前夹板组件、左夹板组件和右夹板组件向平移架的内侧水平移动,并且后气缸驱动后夹板组件向下摆动到预定位置时,可将空瓶层夹紧;反之则可将空瓶层松开。 Before the [0007] present invention, the front cleat clamp assembly thereof, the left and right clamp assembly clamping plate assemblies respectively fixed to the front cylinder translational frame, stretching the left and right banks of a cylinder rod is fixedly connected so as to be driven by a respective cylinder cleat assembly, left and right clamp assembly clamping plate assembly horizontal movement, driven by an air cylinder and the rear swing rear cleat clamping component together to achieve a layer of bottles and unclamp, i.e., the current cylinder, a left rear cylinder, and a cylinder driven simultaneously when the front plate assembly, left and right clamp assembly clamping plate assembly moves inward horizontal translation frame, and after the drive cylinder cleat assembly swings downward to a predetermined position, the clamping layer can be empty; otherwise the bottles may loose layer open. 相比于现有技术均通过气缸驱动相应的摆动机构来带动四个夹板组件摆动来实现夹紧和松放空瓶层的方式相比,本发明结构更为简单,另外,本发明的夹具在夹空瓶的那一瞬间四个夹板组件使空瓶产生震动较小,夹瓶的稳定性高,可大幅度降低抓取的瓶子出现掉落的机率,因此有助于提高卸瓶机的夹瓶速度以及夹具的运瓶速度,从而提高工作效率。 Compared to the prior art are driven by the air cylinder corresponding to the swing drive mechanism four swinging jaw assembly and unclamp the clamping implementations empty layer compared to more simple structure of the present invention, further, in the clip holder of the invention four bottles of plywood components that moment the bottles produce less vibration, high-clip bottle of stability, can significantly reduce the chances of falling grab the bottle appearance and therefore help to improve the discharge bottle clip bottle machine transport speed and the speed of the bottle jig, thereby improving efficiency.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0008] 图1现有技术的结构图。 [0008] The prior art structure of FIG. 1 FIG.

[0009] 图2是本发明的结构示意图。 [0009] FIG. 2 is a structural diagram of the present invention.

[0010] 图3是本发明的夹具的示意图。 [0010] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the clamp of the present invention.

[0011] 图4是本发明的后夹板组件和后气缸的装配图。 [0011] FIG. 4 is a rear cleat assembly of the present invention and the rear cylinder assembly of FIG.

[0012] 图5是本发明的左(右)夹板组件和左(右)气缸的装配图。 [0012] FIG. 5 is a left (right) of the present invention, the cleat assembly and the left (right) of the cylinder assembly of FIG.

[0013] 图6是本发明的前夹板组件的与前气缸的装配图。 [0013] FIG. 6 is an assembly view of the front of front plate cylinder assembly of the present invention.

[0014] 图7本发明的移动架和过渡板、夹隔板装置的装配图。 [0014] FIG carriage plate 7 and the transition of the present invention, the clip assembly of the separator device of FIG.

[0015] 图8是本发明的过渡板与横梁的装配图。 [0015] FIG. 8 is a transition plate according to the present invention the cross member assembly of FIG.

[0016] 图9是图8的A部分的局部放大详图。 [0016] A portion of FIG. 9 is a partially enlarged detail of FIG. 8.

[0017] 图10是吸板装置的结构示意图。 [0017] FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of paddle apparatus.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0018] 如图2至7所示,本发明所述的卸垛机,包括主机1,主机I上安装有移动架2、吸板装置3、输瓶台4、夹隔板装置5、以及过渡板6,移动架2上安装有夹具7,夹具7包括安装在移动架2上并可相对移动架2水平移动的平移架71、前夹板组件72、后夹板组件73、左夹板74组件和右夹板组件75,其中,后夹板组件73最靠近输瓶台4,平移架71上固定有前气缸76、后气缸77、左气缸78和右气缸79,所述的后气缸77通过摆动机构与后夹板组件73连接可驱动后夹板组件73相对平移架71摆动,前气缸76、左气缸78和右气缸79的伸缩杆则分别与前夹板组件72、左夹板组件74和右夹板组件75固连并可驱动相应的夹板组件72、74、75水平移动。 [0018] 2 to 7, the depalletizer according to the present invention includes a host 1, 3, bottle table 4, a separator 5 interposed moving frame 2, the suction means is mounted on the main plate I, and transition plate 6 is mounted on the carriage 2 jig 7, the jig 7 comprises a frame 2 mounted on the mobile frame 2 can be moved relative to a horizontal movement of translation bracket 71, the front plate assembly 72, the rear cleat assembly 73, and a left cleat assembly 74 the right clamp assembly 75, wherein the rear cleat assembly 73 closest to the bottle conveying table 4 is fixed to a front cylinder 76, the cylinder 77, left and right cylinders 79 of the cylinder 78, the rear cylinder 77 by the swing mechanism and the translating frame 71 after the cleat assembly 73 is connected jaw assembly 73 relative translational frame 71 pivot back drivable, front cylinder 76, a left bank 78 and right banks telescopic rod 79 respectively with the front plate assembly 72, the left clamp assembly 74 and right clamp assembly 75 is secured 72,74,75 and driving the horizontal movement of the respective clamp components. 当空瓶垛经输垛装置8上的解包位81拆卸绕缠膜并继续由输垛装置8输送到卸垛位时,移动架2带动夹具7升降并移动到对应空瓶垛的最高层位置;接着,夹具7工作,其前气缸76、左气缸78和右气缸79驱动前夹板组件72、左夹板组件74和右夹板组件75向平移架71的内侧水平移动,同时后气缸77驱动后夹板组件73向下摆动以至四个夹板组件72、73、74、75将该空瓶层夹紧以使平移架71能将该层的空瓶运输到过渡板6,而夹隔板装置5则将次高层的层隔板夹住以防止次高层的层隔板随最高层的空瓶一起移动;当平移架71将该层的空瓶运送到过渡板6后,移动架2和过渡板6同时升降到过渡板6与输瓶台4的上表面基本相平的位置,接着,平移架71运动,将该层的空瓶输送到输瓶台4上,当夹具7将空瓶层输送到输瓶台4的一个预定位置时,后夹板组件73在后气缸77的驱动下向上摆,而 When the bit unpacking bottles stack by stack output means 8 wrapped around the detached film 81 and conveyed further by the input device 8 to the stack depalletizing position, the moving frame 2 moves to drive the clamp 7 and the top down to a position corresponding to empty stacks ; then, the jig 7 is operated, after, simultaneously driving the front cylinder 76, a left bank 78 and right cylinders 79 drive the front plate assembly 72, the left clamp assembly 74 and right clamp assembly 75 inside the horizontal translational movement of the frame 71 to the rear cylinder 77 cleat assembly 73 swings downward as well as the four clamp assemblies 72,73,74,75 empty pan so that the clamping layer 71 capable of transporting the empty carrier layer 6 to the transition plate, and the separator device 5 will clamp high level spacer layer sandwiched between the top layer in order to prevent secondary separator moves with the highest level of bottles; 71 bottles when the carrier layer is transported to the translation of the transition plate 6, and the moving frame 2 while transition plate 6 elevating the upper surface of the transition plate 6 with the input stage 4 bottle position substantially flush, and then, the translational movement of frame 71, the empty transporting layer to the bottle conveying table 4, when the clamp empty transport layer 7 to the input a predetermined position of the bottle table 4, the cleat assembly 73 placed in the rear cylinder 77 is driven upward, and 夹板组件72、左夹板组件74和右夹板组件75则保持与空瓶层相接触,直到空瓶层被输送到目的位置时,前夹板组件72、左夹板组件74和右夹板组件75在对应的气缸的驱动下向外移动,最后移动架2带动夹具7和过渡板6复位以夹取下一层的空瓶,如此重复至将整垛的空瓶都运送到输瓶台4上,而空垛板则由输垛装置8输送到板仓机82并收集起来。 Jaw assembly 72, left and right clamp assemblies 74 clamp assembly 75 remains in contact with the layer of bottles, bottles until the layer is delivered to the object position, the front plate assembly 72, left and right clamp assembly 74 in the corresponding clamping plate assembly 75 the drive cylinder moves outwardly, and finally moving frame 2 driven by the clamp 7 and the transition plate 6 is reset to remove the layer of bottles clamp, repeat until the whole stack of empty bottles are transported to input station 4, and empty pallet conveyed by the output means 8 to the stack warehouse machine 82 and collected.

[0019] 如图3、图4所示,所述的后夹板组件73具有转轴731,转轴731通过轴承732安装在平移架71上,转轴731绕轴承732转动时可带动后夹板组件73摆动,所述的后气缸77固定在短程气缸771的伸缩杆上,短程气缸771固定在平移架71上,后气缸77的伸缩杆铰接有连接件772,连接件772的另一端固定在后夹板组件73的转轴731上,当夹具7移动至对应待夹取的空瓶层的位置时,后气缸77的伸缩杆先快速收缩以带动后夹板组件73快速向下摆动一定角度,然后,短程气缸771的伸缩杆较为缓慢地收缩以继续带动后夹板组件73向下摆动,直到与前夹板组件72、左夹板组件74和右夹板组件75 —起将空瓶层夹紧为止。 [0019] FIG. 3, FIG. 4, the rear cleat assembly 73 having a shaft 731, shaft 731 is mounted on the translating frame 71 through bearings 732, 731 about the shaft 732 can be driven by the rear bearing assembly 73 rotates the swing jaw, the rear cylinder 77 is fixed to a short stretch rod cylinder 771, the cylinder 771 is fixed to the short translational rack 71, the air cylinder 77 is articulated telescopic rod assembly 73 is connected with a rear cleat member 772, the other end of the connecting member 772 is fixed at on the shaft 731, when the jig 7 is moved to a position corresponding to the gripping layer to be empty, the extendable rod 77 of the cylinder after the first rapid contraction to drive the cleat assembly 73 quickly swings down at an angle, and then, a short cylinder 771 more slowly contracted telescopic rod to continue to drive the jaw assembly 73 swings down until the front plate assembly 72, left and right clamp assemblies 74 clamp assembly 75 - since the clamp until the empty layers. 此种夹瓶方式可在不影响夹瓶速度的前提下,进一步减小四个夹板组件72、73、74、75夹瓶时所产生的振动,提高夹瓶、运瓶的稳定性。 In this manner clip bottle clip bottle without affecting lower speed, to further reduce vibration four components 72,73,74,75 clamp jaws bottles, improvement of the clip bottle, the stability of operation of the bottle.

[0020] 如图3、图5、图6所示,为使前夹板组件72、左夹板组件74和右夹板组件75水平移动时更为平稳,可分别在前夹板组件72、左夹板组件74、右夹板组件75上固定滑块710,并在平移架71上对应各滑块710的位置安装与滑块710相配合的导轨711,滑块710安装在对应的导轨711上可沿导轨711滑动。 [0020] As shown in FIG. 3, FIG. 5, FIG. 6, for the front plate assembly 72, left and right clamp assembly 74 more stable level clamp assembly 75 moves, the front clamp assembly 72 respectively, the left clamp assembly 74 , a right upper jaw 75 is fixed to the slider assembly 710, and a position corresponding to each slider 710 is mounted to the slider 710 of the guide rail 711 is fitted in the translational frame 71, the slider along the guide rail 710 may be mounted on a corresponding slide rails 711 711 .

[0021] 如图2、图7、图8、图9所示,所述的移动架2上固定有横梁21,横梁21上固定有导轨22,过渡板6位于横梁21上方,过渡板6与横梁21相向的面上固定有滑块(图中未表示),滑块安装在导轨22上可滑动,横梁21上固定有第一电机23和轴承24,轴承24上安装有丝杆25可转动,第一电机23的输出轴上固定有主动轮26,丝杆25上对应主动轮26的位置处固定有从动轮27,主动轮26通过传动装置28与从动轮27联接,过渡板6上固定有与丝杆25的螺纹相配合的螺套29,第一电机23工作时可通过传动装置28驱动从动轮27转动,以使从动轮27带动丝杆25相对螺套29转动,而丝杆25相对螺套29转动的同时可驱动螺套29相对丝杆水平运动,从而驱动过渡板6向卸垛位或者输瓶台4移动以减少过渡板6与卸垛位以及输瓶台4之间的间隙,使过渡板6能适应不同瓶型的空瓶垛的卸垛需求,提高空瓶的过渡平稳 [0021] 2, 7, 8, 9, 21 on the cross member 2 is fixed to said moving frame, a guide rail 22 is fixed on the beam 21, the transition plate 6 is positioned above the cross member 21, and the transition plate 6 facing surface of the cross member 21 is fixed to a slider (not shown), the slider 22 is mounted on a guide rail slidably fixed to the first motor 23 and the bearing 24 on the beam 21, the bearings 25 rotatably mounted on the lead screw 24 , the output shaft of the first motor 23 is fixed to the driving wheel 26, drive wheel 26 at a position corresponding to the driven wheel 25 is fixed to the screw shaft 27, the drive wheel 26 via a transmission 28 coupled to the driven wheel 27, a fixed transition plate 6 there are threaded screw 25 cooperating with a threaded sleeve 29, 28 may drive the first motor 23 is operated by the driven gear wheel 27 is rotated, the driven wheel 27 to drive the rotation of sleeve 29 relative to screw 25 screwed, the screw 25 relative rotation of the collar 29 while the collar 29 may drive screw relative horizontal movement, thereby driving the transition plate 6 to 4 bits or the mobile station depalletizing bottle conveying to reduce the transition between the destacking plate 6 and the bit and an output stage 4 of the bottle gap, so that the transition plate 6 can adapt to the needs of the depalletizing stacks of empty bottles of different type, a smooth transition to improve the bottles ,进一步防止空瓶在过渡过程出现掉落。 , Falling further to prevent the emergence of empty bottles in the transition process. 所述的传动装置28可以为皮带或者链条,当然,主动轮26和从动轮27也可以为两相互啮合的齿轮。 The drive device 28 may be a belt or chain, of course, the drive pulley 26 and the driven gear wheel 27 may be a two intermeshed.

[0022] 如图2、图10所示,吸板装置3设置在对应输瓶台4和隔板收集架9的位置上,其包括机架31,机架31的上部安装第二电机32、以及可沿机架31在输瓶台4和隔板收集架9之间滑动的滑动架33,第二电机32的输出轴固定有第二主动轮34,第二主动轮34通过第二传动装置35与固定在机架31另一侧的第二从动轮36联接,第二传动装置35与滑动架33固连,使第二传动装置35可在第二电机32的驱动下带动滑动架33在输瓶台4和隔板收集架9之间滑动,滑动架33上固定有其伸缩杆朝下的垂向气缸37,垂向气缸37的伸缩杆固连有用于吸取层隔板的吸盘组件38,当输瓶台4将一层的空瓶输送到对应吸板装置3的工位位置时,垂向气缸37的伸缩杆向下伸出驱动吸盘组件38下行并吸住空瓶层顶端的层隔板;接着,垂向气缸37的伸缩杆向上收缩,通过吸盘组件38将层隔板上提;然后,第二电机32运 [0022] As shown in FIG 2, FIG. 10, the suction plate 3 is provided at a position corresponding means bottle conveying stage 4 and the separator collecting shelf 9, which includes a frame 31, upper frame 31 is mounted a second motor 32, and a bottle conveying the sliding table 4 and 9 between the separator collecting shelf carriage 33, the output shaft of the second motor 32 is fixed to the second capstan 34, the second capstan 34 through the second transfer means 31 along the frame second driven wheel 35 and the coupling 36 is fixed to the other side of the rack 31, the second transmission means 35 and the carriage 33 is fixedly connected to the second driven gear 35 may be driven by a second motor 32 of the carriage 33 bottle conveying stage 4 and a separator 9 between the slide frame collection, the telescopic rod which is fixed to the downward vertical cylinder 33 on the carriage 37, the vertical telescopic cylinder rod 37 is fixedly connected with a chuck assembly 38 for sucking the separator layer when the bottle conveying table 4 to a corresponding one of the empty transporting paddle means when the position of the station 3, the telescopic rod 37 extending vertical cylinder drive chuck assembly 38 downwardly and downlink sucked empty top layer layer a separator; Next, the vertical air cylinder 37 is contracted telescopic rod upwardly through the chuck assembly 38 will be put on the spacer layer; then, the second motor 32 operation ,通过第二传动装置35带动滑动架33从输瓶台4的上方移动至隔板收集架9的上方;而后,吸盘组件38停止吸气,层隔板由于自身重力掉进隔板收集架9内,第二电机32驱动滑动架33和吸盘组件38复位,以进行下一次的吸隔板的工作。 , By the second transmission means 35 drive the slide frame 33 is moved upward from the upper table 4 to a bottle conveying separator collecting shelf 9; then, stop the suction chuck assembly 38, the separator layer fall due to gravity separator collecting shelf 9 the second motor 32 driving the carriage 33 and reset the chuck assembly 38, a separator under suction for the work. 与现有技术需要通过摇臂结合连杆机构来带动吸盘组件来回曲线移动,以抓取空瓶层上的层隔板的方式相比,本发明在抓取层隔板并移动的过程中,其运行更为平稳,可防止出现层隔板掉落的情况,并有利于提高生产效率。 Needed to drive chuck assembly movable to and fro curve gripping layer on a separator layer of bottles by way of comparison with the prior art in conjunction with the rocker arm linkage, the process of the present invention in the gripping and moving of the separator layer, it runs more smoothly, the situation drop separator layer be prevented from occurring, and help to improve production efficiency. 所述的滑动架33的两侧固定有滑块331,机架31固定有与滑块331相配合的导轨311,滑块331安装在导轨311上可沿机架31在输瓶台4和隔板收集架9之间滑动,当然,滑动架33也可以采用现有的其他的方式可滑动地安装在机架31上,但由于可滑动的安装方式为常见的安装方式,这里不再进行赘述。 The sides of the carriage 33 is fixed to the slider 331, the rack 31 is fixed to the guide rail 311 and the slider 331 is engaged, the slider 331 may be mounted on the rail 311 along the rack 31 in the bottle conveying stage 4 and the spacer 9 slide between the collection plate holder, of course, the carriage 33 may be other conventional manner slidably mounted on the frame 31 employed, but the embodiment is slidably mounted in a common mounting, and is not repeated herein for . 所述的第二传动装置35可以为皮带或者链条。 Said second transmission means 35 may be a belt or chain.

Claims (8)

1.一种卸垛机,包括主机(1),主机(I)上安装有移动架(2)、吸板装置(3)、输瓶台(4)、以及过渡板(6),移动架(2)上安装有夹具(7),夹具(7)包括安装在移动架(2)上并可相对移动架(2)水平移动的平移架(71)、前夹板组件(72)、后夹板组件(73)、左夹板组件(74)和右夹板组件(75),平移架(71)上固定有前气缸(76)、后气缸(77)、左气缸(78)和右气缸(79),其特征在于:所述的后气缸(77)通过摆动机构与后夹板组件(73)连接可驱动后夹板组件(73)相对平移架(71)摆动,前气缸(76)、左气缸(78)和右气缸(79)的伸缩杆则分别与前夹板组件(72)、左夹板组件(74)和右夹板组件(75)固连并可驱动相应的夹板组件(72、74、75)水平移动。 A depalletizer, comprises a host (1), the host (I) is attached to the moving frame (2), the suction plate (3), bottle station (4), and a transition plate (6), a mobile frame installation (2) with a clamp (7), the clamp (7) comprising a translating bracket mounting (2) a horizontal movement of the movable frame (2) and relatively movable in the frame (71), the front plate assembly (72), the rear cleat assembly (73), a left clamp assembly (74) and right clamp assembly (75), the translation frame is fixed to the front cylinder (76) (71), the cylinder (77), the left cylinder (78) and a right cylinder (79) characterized in that: said rear cylinder (77) drivingly connected to rear cleat assembly (73) relative translation of the racks (71) by swinging the clamping plate after the assembly mechanism (73) swinging front cylinder (76), left cylinder (78 ) and a right cylinder (79) of the telescoping rod assembly, respectively with the front plate (72), a left clamp assembly (74) and right clamp assembly (75) and is fixedly connected to drive the corresponding clamping plate assembly (72,74,75) level mobile.
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种卸垛机,其特征在于:所述的后夹板组件(73)具有转轴(731),转轴(731)通过轴承(732)安装在平移架(71)上,所述的后气缸(77)固定在短程气缸(771)的伸缩杆上,短程气缸(771)固定在平移架(71)上,后气缸(77)的伸缩杆铰接有连接件(772),连接件(772)的另一端固定在后夹板组件(73)的转轴(731)上。 The claim requires a depalletizer to claim 1, wherein: said rear jaw assembly (73) having a shaft (731), the shaft (731) via a bearing (732) mounted on a translation bracket (71) on said rear cylinder (77) fixed to the short cylinder (771) of the telescopic rod, short cylinder (771) fixed to the translation frame (71), the cylinder (77) of the telescopic rod hinged connection (772 ), the other end of the connecting member (772) is fixed on the shaft (731) after the cleat assembly (73).
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种卸垛机,其特征在于:前夹板组件(72)、左夹板组件(74)、右夹板组件(75)上分别固定有滑块(710),平移架(71)上对应各滑块(710)的位置安装与滑块(710)相配合的导轨(711),滑块(710)安装在对应的导轨(711)上可沿导轨(711)滑动。 According to claim one kind of the destacker 1, wherein: there are fixed slide (710) on the front plate assembly (72), a left clamp assembly (74), a right clamp assembly (75), translation corresponding to the respective slide frame (710) and the mounting position of the slide (710) cooperating guide rail (711) (71), the slider (710) mounted on the corresponding guide rail (711) movable along the guide rail (711) slides .
4.根据权利要求1所述的一种卸垛机,其特征在于:所述的移动架(2)上固定有横梁(21),横梁(21)上固定有导轨(22),过渡板(6)位于横梁(21)上方,过渡板(6)与横梁(21)相向的面上固定有滑块,滑块安装在导轨(22)上可滑动,横梁(21)上固定有第一电机(23)和轴承(24),轴承(24)上安装有丝杆(25)可转动,第一电机(23)的输出轴上固定有主动轮(26),丝杆(25)上对应主动轮(26)的位置处固定有从动轮(27),主动轮(26)通过传动装置(28 )与从动轮(27 )联接,过渡板(6 )上固定有与丝杆(25 )的螺纹相配合的螺套(29 )。 According to claim one kind of the destacker 1, wherein: said moving frame is fixed to the cross member (2) (21), the cross member is fixed to the guide rail (21) (22), transition plate ( 6) located in the cross member (21) above the transition plate (6) and the cross member (21) fixed to a surface facing the slider, a slider mounted on the rail (22) slidably fixed to the first motor on the beam (21) (23) and the bearing (24) mounted screw (25) on the bearing (24) rotatably, a first output shaft of the motor (23) fixed to the driving wheel (26), active on the corresponding screw (25) at a position of the wheel (26) fixed to a driven wheel (27), drive wheel (26) via a transmission (28) and the driven wheel (27) is fixed on the coupling, transition plate (6) and the screw thread (25) cooperating nut (29).
5.根据权利要求4所述的一种卸垛机,其特征在于:所述的传动装置(28)为皮带或者链条。 According to claim one kind depalletizer 4, characterized in that: said drive means (28) is a belt or chain.
6.根据权利要求1所述的一种卸垛机,其特征在于:所述的吸板装置(3)设置在对应输瓶台(4)和隔板收集架(9)的位置上,其包括机架(31),机架(31)的上部安装第二电机(32)、以及可沿机架(31)在输瓶台(4)和隔板收集架(9)之间滑动的滑动架(33),第二电机(32)的输出轴固定有第二主动轮(34),第二主动轮(34)通过第二传动装置(35)与固定在机架(31)另一侧的第二从动轮(36)联接,第二传动装置(35)与滑动架(33)固连,使第二传动装置(35)可在第二电机(32)的驱动下带动滑动架(33)在输瓶台(4)和隔板收集架(9 )之间滑动,滑动架(33 )上固定有其伸缩杆朝下的垂向气缸(37 ),垂向气缸(37 )的伸缩杆固连有用于吸取层隔板的吸盘组件(38)。 6. The depalletizer according to claim 1, wherein: said suction plate means (3) is provided at a position corresponding bottle conveying station (4) and a separator collecting shelf (9) on which comprising a frame (31), an upper frame (31) is mounted a second electric motor (32), and a slidable slide between bottle conveying station (4) and a separator collection rack (9) in the frame (31) frame (33), the output shaft of the second motor (32) is fixed to a second capstan (34), a second drive wheel (34) by a second transmission means (35) and the fixed rack (31) on the other side a second driven wheel (36) coupled to second transmission means (35) and the carriage (33) fixedly connected to the second transmission means (35) can be driven carriage (33 at a second drive motor (32) ) between the bottle conveying station (4) and a separator collection rack (9) slides, which is fixed to the telescopic rod downward vertical cylinders (37 on the carriage (33)), the telescopic rod vertical cylinders (37) secured suction cup assembly (38) for sucking the separator layer.
7.根据权利要求6所述的一种卸垛机,其特征在于:所述的滑动架(33)的两侧固定有滑块(331),机架(31)固定有与滑块(331)相配合的导轨(311),滑块(331)安装在导轨(311)上可沿机架(31)在输瓶台(4)和隔板收集架(9)之间滑动。 According to claim one kind of the destacker 6, characterized in that: both sides of the carriage (33) is fixed to a slider (331), the rack (31) fixed to the slider (331 ) cooperating guide rail (311), a slider (331) slidably mounted between (4) and a separator collection rack (9) in the frame (31) in the bottle conveying station on the guide rail (311).
8.根据权利要求6所述的一种卸垛机,其特征在于:所述的第二传动装置(35)为皮带或者链条。 According to claim one kind of the destacker 6, wherein: said second transmission means (35) is a belt or chain.
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CN103612918B (en) * 2013-11-30 2016-05-04 广东轻工机械二厂有限公司 Unload a bottle stack machine
CN104692136B (en) * 2015-02-03 2017-06-30 太仓益鑫机床有限公司 A kind of magnetic core layered approach
AU2016309947A1 (en) * 2015-08-14 2018-03-29 Foodmach Pty Ltd A palletiser
CN106742298A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-05-31 佛山市湘德智能科技有限公司 A kind of multi-function robot tears the dismounting technique of paper stack open
CN108996246A (en) * 2018-05-19 2018-12-14 芜湖新利德玻璃制品有限公司 A kind of glass plate palletizing apparatus
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