CN102303242A - Reconfigurable special combined machine tool - Google Patents

Reconfigurable special combined machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102303242A
CN102303242A CN201110235204A CN201110235204A CN102303242A CN 102303242 A CN102303242 A CN 102303242A CN 201110235204 A CN201110235204 A CN 201110235204A CN 201110235204 A CN201110235204 A CN 201110235204A CN 102303242 A CN102303242 A CN 102303242A
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CN
China
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head
unit head
plate
workpiece
straight line
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CN201110235204A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102303242B (en
Inventor
武建伟
严伟杰
何挺
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浙江大学
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Priority to CN 201110235204 priority Critical patent/CN102303242B/en
Publication of CN102303242A publication Critical patent/CN102303242A/en
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Publication of CN102303242B publication Critical patent/CN102303242B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a reconfigurable special combined machine tool which comprises a stand, a feeding module, a loading and unloading manipulator, a workpiece horizontal feeding module and sampling port unitized machining power heads, wherein the feeding module is arranged at one end of the stand, the loading and unloading manipulator is arranged at the upper ends of the feeding module and the workpiece horizontal feeding module, the workpiece horizontal feeding module comprises a workpiece horizontal feeding working platform, a workpiece clamping device and a clamp combination, two ends of the workpiece horizontal feeding module are respectively provided with the sampling port unitized machining power heads, the other end of the stand is provided with a top hole unitized machining power head, the top hole unitized machining power head comprises a drilling machining power head, a tapping machining power head, a power head main drive device, a power head vertical feeding device, a first power head fixing frame, a second power head fixing frame and a power head transverse driving device, and input shafts of the drilling machining power head and the tapping machining power head are in transmission connection with the power head main drive device. The reconfigurable special combined machine tool has the advantages of high machining efficiency, high machining precision and larger machining flexibility.

Description

Reconfigurable special purpose transfer machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to machine tool field, especially a kind of restructural special purpose transfer machine that is applicable to different size workpiece of the same type.
Background technology
As everyone knows, lathe divides universal machine tools and special purpose machine tool two big classes.In the modern economy evolution of China, realize the adjustment of industry mechanism, realize the automation of production, very urgent.Because the disappearance of Chinese population bonus has become undisputable fact, so must cause domestic present most of labor-intensive enterprises to face huge crisis.In " 12 planning ", " mechanical high-end manufacturing " mentioned a brand-new step, it serves to show the attention of country to this problem.Machine tool industry has attracted historical opportunity to develop as a very important link in the high-end manufacturing.And modern enterprise is the automation of realization portioned product production and processing, and the application space of special purpose machine tool can be more and more widely.Modern manufacturing industry is had higher requirement to special purpose machine tool towards small batch, high-quality, high accuracy.
Summary of the invention
Shortcomings such as, crudy instability low for the working (machining) efficiency that overcomes existing special purpose transfer machine the invention provides the reconfigurable special purpose transfer machine that a kind of working (machining) efficiency is high, machining accuracy is high, processing flexibility is bigger.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of reconfigurable special purpose transfer machine; Comprise frame; The pan feeding module; Assembling and disassembling manipulator; Workpiece horizontal feed module and gaging hole combination processing dynamics head; Said pan feeding module is at an end of frame; Comprise pan feeding drive unit and reconfigurable pan feeding guide mechanism; Said assembling and disassembling manipulator is positioned at the upper end of said pan feeding module and workpiece horizontal feed module; Said workpiece horizontal feed module comprises workpiece horizontal feed workbench; Workpiece clamping device and anchor clamps combination; Arrange gaging hole combination processing dynamics head respectively at the two ends of said workpiece horizontal feed module; The other end in frame is furnished with apical pore combination processing dynamics head; Said apical pore combination processing dynamics head comprises boring processing dynamics head; Tapping processing dynamics head; The unit head main drive; The vertical feed arrangement of unit head; The first unit head fixed mount; The second unit head fixed mount and unit head lateral driver device, said boring processing dynamics head; The power shaft of tapping processing dynamics head all is in transmission connection with said unit head main drive;
The vertical feed arrangement of said unit head comprises vertical feeding cylinder; Vertical feeding cylinder connecting plate; The 6th straight line line rail; The spring center bar; Compression spring and travel switch; Said vertical feeding cylinder is installed on the second unit head fixed mount; The push rod of said vertical feeding cylinder is connected with the first unit head fixed mount through vertical feeding cylinder connecting plate; Said the 6th straight line line rail is fixedly mounted on the second unit head fixed mount; The said first unit head fixed mount is connected on the second unit head fixed mount through the slide block that is complementary with the 6th straight line line rail; The bottom of said spring center bar is fixed on the second unit head fixed mount; The coupling hole of the first unit head fixed mount is passed at the top of said spring center bar; Said compression spring housing is contained in outside the spring center bar, and said travel switch is installed on the second unit head fixed mount through auxiliary plate;
Said unit head lateral driver device comprises unit head traverse feed motor, the 7th straight line line rail, the 8th straight line line rail, the 4th screw mandrel and the 4th screw mandrel base; Said the 4th screw mandrel, the 7th straight line line rail are fixed on the 4th screw mandrel base; Said the 4th screw mandrel base is fixedly mounted on the frame; Said the 8th straight line line rail is installed on the frame; The said second unit head fixed mount is fixedly connected on the frame through the slide block with the 7th straight line line rail, the 8th straight line line rail, the 4th screw mandrel coupling, and said unit head traverse feed motor is used to drive the 4th screw mandrel.
Further; Said unit head main drive comprises reducing motor; Two V belt wheels; Two V belt wheels of flange extended type and pretension bolt; A two V belt wheel is installed on the said reducing motor output shaft; The two V belt wheels of a flange extended type are installed on the power shaft of said boring processing dynamics head and tapping processing dynamics head; The two V belt wheels of the said pair of V belt wheel and flange extended type are in transmission connection; Said reducing motor is fixed on the motor support plate; An end carries out hingedly between the said motor support plate and the first unit head fixed mount through the motor hinged seat, and the said motor support plate other end is installed the pretension bolt in order to the pretension of realizing the transmission of V band.
Further again; Said pan feeding module comprises pan feeding drive unit and reconfigurable pan feeding guide mechanism; Said pan feeding module is installed in an end of frame; Said pan feeding drive unit comprises the pusher cylinder; Scraping wings; The first straight line line rail; Pusher cylinder baffle plate; The pan feeding module is dull and stereotyped; Said pusher cylinder is fixedly mounted on the pan feeding module flat board through pusher cylinder baffle plate; The push rod of said pusher cylinder is connected with scraping wings through connecting plate; The said first straight line line rail is installed on the pan feeding module flat board; Said scraping wings is fixed on the slide block of the first straight line line rail; Said reconfigurable pan feeding guide plate comprises the blanking inclined bottom plate; L type gripper shoe; Feeding plate; First hinge seat; Second hinge seat; The 3rd hinge seat; The 4th hinge seat; The hinge connecting rod; The two ends scalable of said blanking inclined bottom plate is equipped with L type gripper shoe; Said feeding plate is fixedly mounted on the said pan feeding module flat board; The back side of said blanking inclined bottom plate is equipped with first hinge seat; The 3rd hinge seat; On the said pan feeding module flat board second hinge seat is installed; The 4th hinge seat; Said first hinge seat and second hinge seat are hinged through the axle of having strong market potential; Said the 3rd hinge seat and the 4th hinge seat are through said hinge rod hinge connection; On said pan feeding module flat board, offer the adjustment hole, be used to install the 4th hinge seat.
Said scraping wings holds the workpiece place and is processed with Baltimore groove.
Said assembling and disassembling manipulator comprises translation driving device and vertical lifting clamping device; Said translation driving device is fixed on the frame; It comprises the manipulator pan drive motor; First screw mandrel; The first screw mandrel slide block; The second straight line line rail; The robot support frame; Said first leading screw is fixedly mounted on the frame through holder; The said second straight line line rail is installed on the frame; Said pan drive motor is used to drive said first screw mandrel; Be separately installed with the slide block and the first screw mandrel slide block of the second straight line line rail on the said robot support frame; Said vertical lifting dress comprises vertical drive motors with device; Second screw mandrel; The second screw mandrel slide block; The 3rd straight line line rail; Clamp cylinder; The cylinder link; Clamp claw; Said second screw mandrel and the 3rd straight line line rail are installed in respectively on the robot support frame; Said vertical drive motor drives second screw mandrel; Said cylinder link is through the slide block of the second screw mandrel slide block and the 3rd straight line line rail; To clamp cylinder and be fixed on the robot support frame, two sections of stretching out of said clamping cylinder are installed respectively and are clamped claw.
Said workpiece horizontal feed module comprises workpiece horizontal feed workbench; Workpiece clamping device and the combination of reconfigurable anchor clamps; Said workpiece horizontal feed workbench is driven by the horizontal feed drive unit of workpiece; The horizontal feed drive unit of said workpiece comprises workpiece feeding motor; The 3rd screw mandrel; The 3rd screw mandrel slide block; The 4th straight line line rail and workbench line flange of rail seat; Said the 3rd screw mandrel is mounted on the frame through holder; Said the 3rd screw mandrel of said workpiece feeding motor-driven; Said the 4th straight line line rail is fixed on the workbench line flange of rail seat; Said workbench line flange of rail seat is fixed on the frame; Said workpiece horizontal feed workbench bottom is equipped with the 3rd screw mandrel slide block that cooperates with the 3rd screw mandrel and the slide block that cooperates with the 4th straight line line rail, and said Workpiece clamping device is installed on the workpiece horizontal feed workbench.
Said Workpiece clamping device comprises the clamping cylinder, clamps cylinder push-rod, anchor clamps underframe, anchor clamps pressing plate, anchor clamps connecting rod, anchor clamps pressure head and anchor clamps pressure head connecting plate; Said clamping cylinder and said anchor clamps underframe are fixed on the workpiece horizontal feed workbench; Said clamping cylinder push-rod and anchor clamps rod hinge connection; Said anchor clamps pressing plate is hinged with anchor clamps connecting rod, anchor clamps underframe respectively; Constitute linkage; Said anchor clamps pressure head connecting plate is fixed on the anchor clamps pressing plate through screw, and the two ends of said anchor clamps pressure head connecting plate can be through screw difference stationary fixture pressure head.
Said reconfigurable anchor clamps combination comprises spacing base, direction of feed limited block, vertical V-type limited block; Said direction of feed limited block and said vertical V-type limited block scalable are installed on the spacing base, and said spacing base is installed on the workpiece horizontal feed workbench.
Said gaging hole combination processing dynamics head comprises boring processing dynamics head and tapping processing dynamics head; Said gaging hole processing dynamics head comprises the unit head drive unit; The 3rd unit head fixed mount and unit head feed drive unit; Said unit head drive unit comprises reducing motor; Two V belt wheels and pretension bolt; A two V belt wheel is installed on the said reducing motor output shaft; A two V belt wheel is installed on the power shaft of said unit head; Said reducing motor is fixed on the motor support plate; The two ends up and down of said unit head are a stationary power upper mounted plate respectively; The unit head bottom plate; An end carries out hinged through the motor hinged seat between said motor support plate and the said unit head upper mounted plate; The other end is realized the pretension of V band transmission through pretension bolt; The difference of said boring processing dynamics head and tapping processing dynamics head also just is on the unit head drive unit; On the unit head output of the reducing motor of boring processing dynamics head drill bit is installed, on the unit head output of the reducing motor of tapping processing dynamics head screw tap is installed; Said unit head feed drive unit comprises the feeding cylinder; The push pedal of feeding cylinder; The 5th straight line line rail and travel switch; Said feeding cylinder is installed on the 3rd unit head fixed mount; Said the 5th straight line line rail also is installed on the 3rd unit head fixed mount; Be connected with the slide block that cooperates with the 5th straight line line rail on the said unit head bottom plate; The push pedal of said feeding cylinder links together the push rod and the unit head bottom plate of feeding cylinder; Said travel switch is fixed on the 3rd unit head fixed mount, and whole gaging hole combination processing dynamics head is fixed on the frame through the 3rd unit head fixed mount.
Beneficial effect of the present invention mainly shows: 1, reconfigurable special purpose transfer machine design, can improve the efficient of workpiece processing, the crudy that promotes workpiece and stability greatly; 2, reconfigurable mentality of designing through changing the part of pan feeding module, assembling and disassembling manipulator, workpiece horizontal feed module, realizes the flexibility of part processing, is fit to the processing of small batch, same specification, different size part.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the reconfigurable special purpose transfer machine structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structure chart of pan feeding module of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is an assembling and disassembling manipulator structure chart of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the schematic layout pattern of workpiece horizontal feed workbench of the present invention and assembling and disassembling manipulator.
Fig. 5 is the structure chart of workpiece horizontal feed workbench of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is gaging hole combination processing dynamics header structure figure of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the gaging hole combination processing dynamics header structure figure of other direction of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is apical pore combination processing dynamics header structure figure of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is further described:
With reference to figure 1~Fig. 8; A kind of reconfigurable special purpose transfer machine; Comprise frame 1; Pan feeding module 2; Assembling and disassembling manipulator 3; Workpiece horizontal feed module 4; Gaging hole combination processing dynamics head 5; Apical pore combination processing dynamics head 6 and control module; Said pan feeding module 2 is at an end of frame 1; Comprise pan feeding drive unit and reconfigurable pan feeding guide mechanism; Said assembling and disassembling manipulator 3 is positioned at the upper end of said pan feeding module 2 and workpiece horizontal feed module 4; Comprise translation driving device and vertical lifting clamping device; Said workpiece horizontal feed module 4 comprises workpiece horizontal feed workbench 4-5; Workpiece clamping device and the combination of reconfigurable anchor clamps; Two ends in said workpiece horizontal feed module 4; Arrange gaging hole combination processing dynamics head 5 respectively; And at the other end of frame; Be furnished with apical pore combination processing dynamics head 6; Said combination processing dynamics head is the assembly of boring processing dynamics head and tapping processing dynamics head, the Collaborative Control between said control system each module of realization special purpose transfer machine.
Said apical pore combination processing dynamics head 6 also comprises boring processing dynamics head 5-15 and tapping processing dynamics head 5-16; Said apical pore processing dynamics head comprises outside unit head drive unit, the vertical feed arrangement of unit head, the first unit head fixed mount 6-1, the second unit head fixed mount 6-6, also comprises the unit head lateral driver device.Said unit head drive unit comprises reducing motor, unit head, two V belt wheel, the two V belt wheel 6-2 of flange extended type, pretension bolt; A two V belt wheel is installed on the said reducing motor output shaft; The two V belt wheel 6-2 of a flange extended type are installed on the power shaft of said unit head; Constitute the band transmission; Said reducing motor is fixed on the motor support plate; An end carries out hingedly between the said motor support plate and the first unit head fixed mount 6-1 through the motor hinged seat, and the other end is realized the pretension of V band transmission through pretension bolt.The vertical feed arrangement of said unit head comprises vertical feeding cylinder 6-3; Vertical feeding cylinder connecting plate; The 6th straight line line rail 6-4; Spring center bar 6-11; Compression spring 6-12; Travel switch; Said vertical feeding cylinder 6-3 is installed on the second unit head fixed mount 6-6; The push rod of said vertical feeding cylinder 6-3 is connected with the first unit head fixed mount 6-1 through feeding cylinder connecting plate; Said the 6th straight line line rail 6-4 is fixedly mounted on the second unit head fixed mount 6-6; The said first unit head fixed mount 6-1 is connected on the second unit head fixed mount 6-6 through the slide block that is complementary with the 6th straight line line rail 6-6; The bottom of said spring center bar 6-11 is fixed on the second unit head fixed mount 6-6; The coupling hole of the first unit head fixed mount 6-1 is passed at the top of said spring center bar 6-11; Said compression spring 6-12 is sleeved on outside the spring center bar 6-11; The gravity that is used for balance apical pore processing dynamics head, said travel switch is installed on the second unit head fixed mount 6-6 through auxiliary plate.Said unit head lateral driver device comprises unit head traverse feed motor 6-9; The 7th straight line line rail 6-5; The 8th straight line line rail 6-10; The 4th screw mandrel 6-7; The 4th screw mandrel base 6-8; Said the 4th screw mandrel 6-7; The 7th straight line line rail 6-5 is fixed on the 4th screw mandrel base 6-8; Said the 4th screw mandrel base 6-8 is fixedly mounted on the frame; Said the 8th straight line line rail 6-10 is installed on the frame; The said second unit head fixed mount 6-6 through with the 7th straight line line rail 6-5; The 8th straight line line rail 6-10; The slide block of the 4th screw mandrel 6-7 coupling is fixedly connected, and said unit head traverse feed motor is used to drive the 4th screw mandrel.
The bottom of said frame 1 is that the aluminium alloy extrusions overlap joint forms, and desired structure is built by various section bars in top, is used to install each operational module, and the overall structure of frame 1 is complicated, for strengthening the overhanging strong rigidity of part, need establish floor.
The pan feeding push function that said pan feeding module 2 realizes single-piece workpiece 7 is pushed to workpiece 7 station of 3 ability clampings of assembling and disassembling manipulator.It comprises pan feeding drive unit and reconfigurable pan feeding guide mechanism, and said pan feeding module 2 is installed in an end of frame 1.Said pan feeding drive unit comprises pusher cylinder 2-1, scraping wings 2-5, the first straight line line rail 2-6, pusher cylinder baffle plate 2-7, the dull and stereotyped 2-12 of pan feeding module; Said pusher cylinder 2-1 is fixedly mounted on the dull and stereotyped 2-12 of pan feeding module through pusher cylinder baffle plate 2-7; The push rod of said pusher cylinder 2-1 is connected with scraping wings 2-5 through connecting plate; The said first straight line line rail 2-6 is installed on the dull and stereotyped 2-12 of pan feeding module, and said scraping wings 2-5 is fixed on the slide block of the first straight line line rail 2-6.The pan feeding drive unit is exactly the motion that realizes scraping wings 2-5, and workpiece 7 is pushed to required station.Said reconfigurable pan feeding guide plate comprises blanking inclined bottom plate 2-2; L type gripper shoe 2-3; Feeding plate 2-4; The first hinge seat 2-8; The second hinge seat 2-9; The 3rd hinge seat 2-13; The 4th hinge seat 2-14; Hinge connecting rod 2-10; The two ends scalable of said blanking inclined bottom plate 2-2 is equipped with L type gripper shoe 2-3; Said feeding plate 2-4 is fixedly mounted on the dull and stereotyped 2-12 of said pan feeding module; The back side of said blanking inclined bottom plate 2-2 is equipped with the first hinge seat 2-8; The 3rd hinge seat 2-13; On the dull and stereotyped 2-12 of said pan feeding module the second hinge seat 2-9 is installed; The 4th hinge seat 2-14; The said first hinge seat 2-8 and the second hinge seat 2-9 are hinged through the axle of having strong market potential; Said the 3rd hinge seat 2-13 and the 4th hinge seat 2-14 are hinged through said hinge connecting rod 2-10; On the dull and stereotyped 2-12 of said pan feeding module, offer adjustment hole 2-11, be used to install the 4th hinge seat 2-14.The design of reconfigurable pan feeding guide plate, the gradient of scalable blanking inclined bottom plate 2-2 is simultaneously through regulating the installation site of L type gripper shoe 2-3, to the pan feeding of the workpiece of realizing different size.
Said scraping wings 2-5 holds the workpiece place and is processed with Baltimore groove, is convenient to workpiece and holds.
Said assembling and disassembling manipulator 3 is installed in the upper end of said pan feeding module 2 and workpiece horizontal feed module 4, realizes the loading of transfer and the workpiece of workpiece from the pan feeding module to workpiece horizontal feed module and unloads.Said assembling and disassembling manipulator 3 comprises translation driving device and vertical lifting clamping device.Said translation driving device is fixed on the frame 1; It comprises manipulator pan drive motor 3-1; The first screw mandrel 3-2; The first screw mandrel slide block; The second straight line line rail 3-3; Robot support frame 3-5; The said first leading screw 3-2 is fixedly mounted on the frame through holder; The said second straight line line rail 3-3 is installed on the frame; Said pan drive motor 3-1 is used to drive the said first screw mandrel 3-2; Be separately installed with the slide block and the first screw mandrel slide block of the second straight line line rail 3-3 on the said robot support frame 3-5; Said vertical lifting dress comprises vertical drive motors 3-6 with device; The second screw mandrel 3-7; The second screw mandrel slide block 3-12; The 3rd straight line line rail 3-8; Clamp cylinder 3-9; Cylinder link 3-10; Clamp claw 3-11; Said second screw mandrel 3-7 and the 3rd straight line line rail 3-8 are installed in respectively on the robot support frame 3-5; Said vertical drive motors 3-6 drives the second screw mandrel 3-7; Said cylinder link 3-10 is through the slide block of the second screw mandrel slide block 3-12 and the 3rd straight line line rail 3-8; To clamp cylinder 3-9 is fixed on the robot support frame 3-5; Two sections of stretching out of said clamping cylinder 3-9 are installed respectively and are clamped claw 3-11; Further, said clamping claw 3-11 is the claw of coupling workpiece shape.Said clamping cylinder 3-9 can realize clamping and action of releasing.
Said workpiece horizontal feed module 4 is fed into different processing stations after the clamping of accomplishing workpiece 7, realize the processing to workpiece gaging hole, apical pore.Said workpiece horizontal feed module 4 comprises workpiece horizontal feed workbench 4-5, Workpiece clamping device and the combination of reconfigurable anchor clamps.Said workpiece horizontal feed workbench 4-5 is driven by the horizontal feed drive unit of workpiece; The horizontal feed drive unit of said workpiece comprises workpiece feeding motor 4-1; The 3rd screw mandrel 4-2; The 3rd screw mandrel slide block; The 4th straight line line rail 4-3; Workbench line flange of rail seat 4-4; Said the 3rd screw mandrel 4-2 is mounted on the frame 1 through holder; Said workpiece feeding motor 4-1 drives said the 3rd screw mandrel 4-2; Said the 4th straight line line rail 4-3 is fixed on the workbench line flange of rail seat 4-4; Said workbench line flange of rail seat 4-4 is fixed on the frame 1, and said workpiece horizontal feed workbench 4-5 bottom is equipped with the 3rd screw mandrel slide block that cooperates with the 3rd screw mandrel 4-2 and the slide block that cooperates with the 4th straight line line rail 4-3.Said Workpiece clamping device is installed on the workpiece horizontal feed workbench 4-5; Comprise and clamp cylinder 4-6; Clamp cylinder push-rod 4-8; Anchor clamps underframe 4-7; Anchor clamps pressing plate 4-9; Anchor clamps connecting rod 4-10; Anchor clamps pressure head 4-12; Anchor clamps pressure head connecting plate 4-11; Said clamping cylinder 4-6 and said anchor clamps underframe 4-7 are fixed on the workpiece horizontal feed workbench 4-5; Said clamping cylinder push-rod 4-8 and anchor clamps connecting rod 4-10 are hinged; Said anchor clamps pressing plate 4-9 respectively with anchor clamps connecting rod 4-10; 4-7 is hinged for the anchor clamps underframe; Constitute linkage; Said anchor clamps pressure head connecting plate 4-11 is fixed on the anchor clamps pressing plate 4-9 through screw; The two ends of said anchor clamps pressure head connecting plate 4-11 can be through screw difference stationary fixture pressure head 4-12; Said reconfigurable anchor clamps combination comprises spacing base 4-13; Direction of feed limited block 4-14; Vertical V-type limited block 4-15; Said direction of feed limited block 4-14 and said vertical V-type limited block 4-15 scalable are installed on the spacing base 4-13, and said spacing base 4-13 is installed on the workpiece horizontal feed workbench 4-5.Further, said anchor clamps pressure head is fastened on the anchor clamps pressure head connecting plate through screw according to the processing work shaped design, constitutes reconfigurable design.
Said gaging hole combination processing dynamics head 5 comprises boring processing dynamics head 5-15 and tapping processing dynamics head 15-16, and said gaging hole processing dynamics head comprises unit head drive unit, the 3rd unit head fixed mount 5-3, unit head feed drive unit.Said unit head drive unit comprises reducing motor; Unit head; Two V belt wheel 5-6; Pretension bolt 5-11; A two V belt wheel 5-6 is installed on the said reducing motor output shaft; A two V belt wheel 5-6 is installed on the power shaft of said unit head; Constitute the band transmission; Said reducing motor is fixed on the motor support plate 5-7; The two ends up and down of said unit head are a stationary power upper mounted plate 5-9 respectively; Unit head bottom plate 5-10; An end carries out hinged through motor hinged seat 5-8 between said motor support plate 5-7 and the said unit head upper mounted plate 5-9; The other end is realized the pretension of V band transmission through pretension bolt 5-11; The difference of said boring processing dynamics head and tapping processing dynamics head also just is on the unit head drive unit; The reducing motor of boring processing dynamics head is boring reducing motor 5-1; Power is bigger; On the unit head output drill bit is installed; The reducing motor of tapping processing dynamics head is tapping reducing motor 5-2; Power is less, on the unit head output screw tap is installed.Said unit head feed drive unit comprises feeding cylinder 5-4; Feeding cylinder push pedal 5-14; The 5th straight line line rail 5-12; Travel switch 5-13; Said feeding cylinder 5-4 is installed on the 3rd unit head fixed mount 5-3; Said the 5th straight line line rail 5-12 also is installed on the 3rd unit head fixed mount 5-3; Be connected with the slide block that cooperates with the 5th straight line line rail 5-12 on the said unit head bottom plate 5-10; Said feeding cylinder push pedal 5-14 links together the push rod and the unit head bottom plate 5-10 of feeding cylinder; Said travel switch 5-13 is fixed on the 3rd unit head fixed mount 5-3, and whole gaging hole combination processing dynamics head is fixed on the frame through the 3rd unit head fixed mount.
Introduce the workflow of this special purpose transfer machine below, this special purpose transfer machine can be given and realize drilling, tapping processing are carried out in 3 holes of specific workpiece 7.Workpiece 7 has two gaging holes (gaging hole A, gaging hole B) and an apical pore.
Workpiece 7 leaves on the blanking inclined bottom plate 2-2 of pan feeding module 2 in advance, realizes that by pan feeding module 2 the single-piece workpiece is pushed to the station of 3 ability clampings of assembling and disassembling manipulator.Assembling and disassembling manipulator 3 is realized the function that transfer and the workpiece that machine of workpiece 7 from pan feeding module 2 to workpiece horizontal feed module 4 unloads workpiece horizontal feed module 4.By existing designing requirement, in 4 last times of workpiece horizontal feed module, have two workpiece 7 simultaneously, and the purpose of this design is guaranteeing a workpiece in process, and the station of another workpiece can be realized clamping and unload, and improves the working (machining) efficiency of lathe.The flow process of workpiece processing is illustrated as follows: workpiece 7 is after accomplishing clamping on the workpiece horizontal feed module 4; Gaging hole boring processing dynamics head by bilateral is successively accomplished gaging hole A successively; The Drilling Operations of gaging hole B; Workpiece horizontal feed module 4 moves to the apical pore processing stations then; Accomplish Drilling Operations by apical pore boring processing dynamics head earlier to apical pore; Accomplish tapping processing by apical pore tapping processing dynamics head again to apical pore; After this; Workpiece horizontal feed module 4 returns the station of gaging hole tapping processing; Gaging hole tapping processing dynamics head by bilateral is successively accomplished gaging hole B successively; The tapping of gaging hole A is processed, and has accomplished all procedure of processings of a workpiece at this point.

Claims (9)

1. reconfigurable special purpose transfer machine; Comprise frame; The pan feeding module; Assembling and disassembling manipulator; Workpiece horizontal feed module and gaging hole combination processing dynamics head; Said pan feeding module is at an end of frame; Comprise pan feeding drive unit and reconfigurable pan feeding guide mechanism; Said assembling and disassembling manipulator is positioned at the upper end of said pan feeding module and workpiece horizontal feed module; Said workpiece horizontal feed module comprises workpiece horizontal feed workbench; Workpiece clamping device and anchor clamps combination; Arrange gaging hole combination processing dynamics head respectively at the two ends of said workpiece horizontal feed module; It is characterized in that: the other end in frame is furnished with apical pore combination processing dynamics head; Said apical pore combination processing dynamics head comprises boring processing dynamics head; Tapping processing dynamics head; The unit head main drive; The vertical feed arrangement of unit head; The first unit head fixed mount; The second unit head fixed mount and unit head lateral driver device, said boring processing dynamics head; The power shaft of tapping processing dynamics head all is in transmission connection with said unit head main drive;
The vertical feed arrangement of said unit head comprises vertical feeding cylinder; Vertical feeding cylinder connecting plate; The 6th straight line line rail; The spring center bar; Compression spring and travel switch; Said vertical feeding cylinder is installed on the second unit head fixed mount; The push rod of said vertical feeding cylinder is connected with the first unit head fixed mount through vertical feeding cylinder connecting plate; Said the 6th straight line line rail is fixedly mounted on the second unit head fixed mount; The said first unit head fixed mount is connected on the second unit head fixed mount through the slide block that is complementary with the 6th straight line line rail; The bottom of said spring center bar is fixed on the second unit head fixed mount; The coupling hole of the first unit head fixed mount is passed at the top of said spring center bar; Said compression spring housing is contained in outside the spring center bar, and said travel switch is installed on the second unit head fixed mount through auxiliary plate;
Said unit head lateral driver device comprises unit head traverse feed motor, the 7th straight line line rail, the 8th straight line line rail, the 4th screw mandrel and the 4th screw mandrel base; Said the 4th screw mandrel, the 7th straight line line rail are fixed on the 4th screw mandrel base; Said the 4th screw mandrel base is fixedly mounted on the frame; Said the 8th straight line line rail is installed on the frame; The said second unit head fixed mount is fixedly connected on the frame through the slide block with the 7th straight line line rail, the 8th straight line line rail, the 4th screw mandrel coupling, and said unit head traverse feed motor is used to drive the 4th screw mandrel.
2. reconfigurable special purpose transfer machine as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that: said unit head main drive comprises reducing motor; Two V belt wheels; Two V belt wheels of flange extended type and pretension bolt; A two V belt wheel is installed on the said reducing motor output shaft; The two V belt wheels of a flange extended type are installed on the power shaft of said boring processing dynamics head and tapping processing dynamics head; The two V belt wheels of the said pair of V belt wheel and flange extended type are in transmission connection; Said reducing motor is fixed on the motor support plate; An end carries out hingedly between the said motor support plate and the first unit head fixed mount through the motor hinged seat, and the said motor support plate other end is installed the pretension bolt in order to the pretension of realizing the transmission of V band.
3. reconfigurable special purpose transfer machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2; It is characterized in that: advance said pan feeding module and comprise pan feeding drive unit and reconfigurable pan feeding guide mechanism; Said pan feeding module is installed in an end of frame; Said pan feeding drive unit comprises the pusher cylinder; Scraping wings; The first straight line line rail; Pusher cylinder baffle plate; The pan feeding module is dull and stereotyped; Said pusher cylinder is fixedly mounted on the pan feeding module flat board through pusher cylinder baffle plate; The push rod of said pusher cylinder is connected with scraping wings through connecting plate; The said first straight line line rail is installed on the pan feeding module flat board; Said scraping wings is fixed on the slide block of the first straight line line rail; Said reconfigurable pan feeding guide plate comprises the blanking inclined bottom plate; L type gripper shoe; Feeding plate; First hinge seat; Second hinge seat; The 3rd hinge seat; The 4th hinge seat; The hinge connecting rod; The two ends scalable of said blanking inclined bottom plate is equipped with L type gripper shoe; Said feeding plate is fixedly mounted on the said pan feeding module flat board; The back side of said blanking inclined bottom plate is equipped with first hinge seat; The 3rd hinge seat; On the said pan feeding module flat board second hinge seat is installed; The 4th hinge seat; Said first hinge seat and second hinge seat are hinged through the axle of having strong market potential; Said the 3rd hinge seat and the 4th hinge seat are through said hinge rod hinge connection; On said pan feeding module flat board, offer the adjustment hole, be used to install the 4th hinge seat.
4. reconfigurable special purpose transfer machine as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that: said scraping wings holds the workpiece place and is processed with Baltimore groove.
5. reconfigurable special purpose transfer machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2; It is characterized in that: said assembling and disassembling manipulator comprises translation driving device and vertical lifting clamping device; Said translation driving device is fixed on the frame; It comprises the manipulator pan drive motor; First screw mandrel; The first screw mandrel slide block; The second straight line line rail; The robot support frame; Said first leading screw is fixedly mounted on the frame through holder; The said second straight line line rail is installed on the frame; Said pan drive motor is used to drive said first screw mandrel; Be separately installed with the slide block and the first screw mandrel slide block of the second straight line line rail on the said robot support frame; Said vertical lifting dress comprises vertical drive motors with device; Second screw mandrel; The second screw mandrel slide block; The 3rd straight line line rail; Clamp cylinder; The cylinder link; Clamp claw; Said second screw mandrel and the 3rd straight line line rail are installed in respectively on the robot support frame; Said vertical drive motor drives second screw mandrel; Said cylinder link is through the slide block of the second screw mandrel slide block and the 3rd straight line line rail; To clamp cylinder and be fixed on the robot support frame, two sections of stretching out of said clamping cylinder are installed respectively and are clamped claw.
6. reconfigurable special purpose transfer machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2; It is characterized in that: said workpiece horizontal feed module comprises workpiece horizontal feed workbench; Workpiece clamping device and the combination of reconfigurable anchor clamps; Said workpiece horizontal feed workbench is driven by the horizontal feed drive unit of workpiece; The horizontal feed drive unit of said workpiece comprises workpiece feeding motor; The 3rd screw mandrel; The 3rd screw mandrel slide block; The 4th straight line line rail and workbench line flange of rail seat; Said the 3rd screw mandrel is mounted on the frame through holder; Said the 3rd screw mandrel of said workpiece feeding motor-driven; Said the 4th straight line line rail is fixed on the workbench line flange of rail seat; Said workbench line flange of rail seat is fixed on the frame; Said workpiece horizontal feed workbench bottom is equipped with the 3rd screw mandrel slide block that cooperates with the 3rd screw mandrel and the slide block that cooperates with the 4th straight line line rail, and said Workpiece clamping device is installed on the workpiece horizontal feed workbench.
7. reconfigurable special purpose transfer machine as claimed in claim 6; It is characterized in that: said Workpiece clamping device comprises the clamping cylinder; Clamp cylinder push-rod; The anchor clamps underframe; The anchor clamps pressing plate; The anchor clamps connecting rod; Anchor clamps pressure head and anchor clamps pressure head connecting plate; Said clamping cylinder and said anchor clamps underframe are fixed on the workpiece horizontal feed workbench; Said clamping cylinder push-rod and anchor clamps rod hinge connection; Said anchor clamps pressing plate respectively with the anchor clamps connecting rod; The anchor clamps underframe is hinged; Constitute linkage; Said anchor clamps pressure head connecting plate is fixed on the anchor clamps pressing plate through screw, and the two ends of said anchor clamps pressure head connecting plate can be through screw difference stationary fixture pressure head.
8. reconfigurable special purpose transfer machine as claimed in claim 7; It is characterized in that: said reconfigurable anchor clamps combination comprises spacing base, direction of feed limited block, vertical V-type limited block; Said direction of feed limited block and said vertical V-type limited block scalable are installed on the spacing base, and said spacing base is installed on the workpiece horizontal feed workbench.
9. reconfigurable special purpose transfer machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2; It is characterized in that: said gaging hole combination processing dynamics head comprises boring processing dynamics head and tapping processing dynamics head; Said gaging hole processing dynamics head comprises the unit head drive unit; The 3rd unit head fixed mount and unit head feed drive unit; Said unit head drive unit comprises reducing motor; Two V belt wheels and pretension bolt; A two V belt wheel is installed on the said reducing motor output shaft; A two V belt wheel is installed on the power shaft of said unit head; Said reducing motor is fixed on the motor support plate; The two ends up and down of said unit head are a stationary power upper mounted plate respectively; The unit head bottom plate; An end carries out hinged through the motor hinged seat between said motor support plate and the said unit head upper mounted plate; The other end is realized the pretension of V band transmission through pretension bolt; The difference of said boring processing dynamics head and tapping processing dynamics head also just is on the unit head drive unit; On the unit head output of the reducing motor of boring processing dynamics head drill bit is installed, on the unit head output of the reducing motor of tapping processing dynamics head screw tap is installed; Said unit head feed drive unit comprises the feeding cylinder; The push pedal of feeding cylinder; The 5th straight line line rail and travel switch; Said feeding cylinder is installed on the 3rd unit head fixed mount; Said the 5th straight line line rail also is installed on the 3rd unit head fixed mount; Be connected with the slide block that cooperates with the 5th straight line line rail on the said unit head bottom plate; The push pedal of said feeding cylinder links together the push rod and the unit head bottom plate of feeding cylinder; Said travel switch is fixed on the 3rd unit head fixed mount, and whole gaging hole combination processing dynamics head is fixed on the frame through the 3rd unit head fixed mount.
CN 201110235204 2011-08-17 2011-08-17 Reconfigurable special combined machine tool CN102303242B (en)

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Cited By (20)

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CN102528458A (en) * 2012-02-08 2012-07-04 浙江大学台州研究院 Automatic drilling and tapping machine tool for valves
CN103072007A (en) * 2013-02-05 2013-05-01 济南德高机器有限公司 Combined drilling and punching production line for aluminum door/window frame material
CN103978373A (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-08-13 苏州市富尔达科技股份有限公司 Drilling and tapping device for door closer
CN104043972A (en) * 2014-07-06 2014-09-17 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 Machining assembly for drilling and tapping machine
CN104057305A (en) * 2014-07-06 2014-09-24 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 Drilling tapping machine
CN104057304A (en) * 2014-07-06 2014-09-24 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 Drilling and tapping machine used for electric power fittings
CN104070366A (en) * 2014-07-06 2014-10-01 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 Drilling tapping machine
CN104070365A (en) * 2014-07-06 2014-10-01 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 Multi-station drilling tapping machine
CN104084799A (en) * 2014-07-06 2014-10-08 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 Drilling and tapping machine for machining electric power fittings
CN104084798A (en) * 2014-07-06 2014-10-08 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 Multi-station drilling and tapping machine
CN104084800A (en) * 2014-07-06 2014-10-08 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 Vertical machining assembly for drilling and tapping machine
CN104097066A (en) * 2014-07-06 2014-10-15 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 Drilling and tapping machine for electric power fittings
CN104942596A (en) * 2014-05-29 2015-09-30 天津市远大阀门有限公司 Hole machining device for wheel bodies of thrust wheels
CN105171420A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-12-23 江门银特银数控机床有限公司 Automatic drilling and tapping machine for guide rail pair sliding block
CN105171425A (en) * 2015-10-12 2015-12-23 济南玫德铸造有限公司 Boring and tapping device for valve body of groove check valve
CN105215684A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-01-06 东莞市天元通金属科技有限公司 Abnormity nut machining aggregate machinery
CN105965263A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-09-28 四川勇刚机械有限责任公司 Processing equipment
CN106925810A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-07 张家港市宏大钢管有限公司 A kind of bar machining device for central holes and method
CN107252908A (en) * 2017-06-03 2017-10-17 胡君分 A kind of automatic drilling device of turning of electric motor end cap
CN109124309A (en) * 2018-11-08 2019-01-04 广东华强电器集团有限公司 A kind of electric cooker removable cover clinching special plane

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CN201613484U (en) * 2009-12-10 2010-10-27 沈阳机床(集团)设计研究院有限公司 Reconfigurable horizontal machining center machine
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102528458A (en) * 2012-02-08 2012-07-04 浙江大学台州研究院 Automatic drilling and tapping machine tool for valves
CN103072007A (en) * 2013-02-05 2013-05-01 济南德高机器有限公司 Combined drilling and punching production line for aluminum door/window frame material
CN103072007B (en) * 2013-02-05 2016-01-20 济南德高机器有限公司 A kind of aluminium door window frame material combination drill rushes production line
CN104942596A (en) * 2014-05-29 2015-09-30 天津市远大阀门有限公司 Hole machining device for wheel bodies of thrust wheels
CN103978373A (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-08-13 苏州市富尔达科技股份有限公司 Drilling and tapping device for door closer
CN106217049A (en) * 2014-07-06 2016-12-14 江苏贝腾特知识产权运营有限公司 A kind of drilling-tapping machine simultaneously can processed in workpiece both sides
CN104070366A (en) * 2014-07-06 2014-10-01 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 Drilling tapping machine
CN104070365A (en) * 2014-07-06 2014-10-01 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 Multi-station drilling tapping machine
CN104084799A (en) * 2014-07-06 2014-10-08 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 Drilling and tapping machine for machining electric power fittings
CN104084798A (en) * 2014-07-06 2014-10-08 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 Multi-station drilling and tapping machine
CN104084800A (en) * 2014-07-06 2014-10-08 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 Vertical machining assembly for drilling and tapping machine
CN104097066A (en) * 2014-07-06 2014-10-15 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 Drilling and tapping machine for electric power fittings
CN104057304A (en) * 2014-07-06 2014-09-24 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 Drilling and tapping machine used for electric power fittings
CN104070366B (en) * 2014-07-06 2016-11-23 青岛申达众创技术服务有限公司 A kind of drilling-tapping machine
CN104057305A (en) * 2014-07-06 2014-09-24 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 Drilling tapping machine
CN104070365B (en) * 2014-07-06 2017-01-04 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 A kind of multistation drilling-tapping machine
CN104043972A (en) * 2014-07-06 2014-09-17 滁州开关电器科技有限公司 Machining assembly for drilling and tapping machine
CN106271644A (en) * 2014-07-06 2017-01-04 江苏贝腾特知识产权运营有限公司 A kind of drilling-tapping machine simultaneously can processed in workpiece both sides
CN106217047A (en) * 2014-07-06 2016-12-14 江苏贝腾特知识产权运营有限公司 A kind of drilling-tapping machine of raising efficiency
CN105171420A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-12-23 江门银特银数控机床有限公司 Automatic drilling and tapping machine for guide rail pair sliding block
CN105171425A (en) * 2015-10-12 2015-12-23 济南玫德铸造有限公司 Boring and tapping device for valve body of groove check valve
CN105215684A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-01-06 东莞市天元通金属科技有限公司 Abnormity nut machining aggregate machinery
CN105965263A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-09-28 四川勇刚机械有限责任公司 Processing equipment
CN105965263B (en) * 2016-05-11 2018-08-03 四川勇刚机械有限责任公司 Process equipment
CN106925810A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-07 张家港市宏大钢管有限公司 A kind of bar machining device for central holes and method
CN107252908A (en) * 2017-06-03 2017-10-17 胡君分 A kind of automatic drilling device of turning of electric motor end cap
CN107252908B (en) * 2017-06-03 2019-01-29 河北西玛电机股份有限公司 A kind of automatic drilling device of turning of electric motor end cap
CN109124309A (en) * 2018-11-08 2019-01-04 广东华强电器集团有限公司 A kind of electric cooker removable cover clinching special plane
CN109124309B (en) * 2018-11-08 2020-09-15 广东华强电器集团有限公司 Special machine for pressing and buckling movable cover plate of electric cooker

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Inventor after: Yan Weijie

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