CN102299023A - Cyclic timing controller - Google Patents

Cyclic timing controller Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102299023A
CN102299023A CN2011102326810A CN201110232681A CN102299023A CN 102299023 A CN102299023 A CN 102299023A CN 2011102326810 A CN2011102326810 A CN 2011102326810A CN 201110232681 A CN201110232681 A CN 201110232681A CN 102299023 A CN102299023 A CN 102299023A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
circuit
pin
resistance
grades
counter
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Application number
CN2011102326810A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何林
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何林
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Priority to CN2011102326810A priority Critical patent/CN102299023A/en
Publication of CN102299023A publication Critical patent/CN102299023A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a cyclic timing controller, which consists of a 12V direct current power supply, a timer circuit, an output level amplification circuit and a relay control circuit, wherein the timer circuit consists of an oscillation circuit, a reset circuit and ten level output ports, the common timers are mostly characterized in that only one time can be set for controlling the on-off state of electric appliances, some control objects need periodic intermittent work, for example, kitchen exhaust fans, neon light advertising or industrial equipment and the like need to be switched on at set time and also need to be switched off at the set time, and the timer with the single timing function can not be qualified. A circuit of the cyclic timing controller can solve the electric appliance control problem. The controller has the advantages that the circuit principle is simple, the work performance is reliable, and different cyclic waiting time and action executing time can be obtained through properly regulating the parameters of resistance and capacitance in an oscillation loop of a 14-grade binary counter integrated circuit (IC1) in the circuit or changing the corresponding output ends (Q4 to Q14) of a control line, connected with the integrated circuit (IC1).

Description

The circulation timing controller

Technical field

The invention belongs to electronic technology field, is about a kind of circulation timing controller.

Background technology

General timer majority can only be set beating of a time control apparatus, acousto-optic alarm set and open or close complete, and some controlling object needs periodic discontinuous operation, regularly add as the regularly ventilation of: the ventilating fan in kitchen, ward or pharmacy, the sterilizing equipment decontaminating apparatus of operating room, the fountain in park, sprinkling irrigation at intermittence, neon-light advertisement, water pump Timing water supply or the electric heater on lawn etc., they had both needed regularly opening power, also need regularly to close to finish power supply, and the single timer of timing function is controlled these objects and is just seemed powerless.

Circulation timing controller circuit of the present invention can solve the control problem of above-mentioned electrical equipment very easily.This controller has simple, the reliable working performance, cheap of circuit theory, suitably adjust resistance, the capacitance parameter of the oscillation circuit of 14 grades of binary counter integrated circuit (IC) 1 in the circuit, perhaps change control line and connect integrated circuit (IC) 1 corresponding output (Q4~Q14), can obtain different circular wait time and operate time.

The core parts of circulation timing controller circuit are a CMOS integrated circuits that carries oscillator and 14 grades of binary counting/frequency dividers, its model is CD4060, it has 10 outputs (that is: Q4~Q14), it can constitute 16~18384 divide ratios, utilize its output characteristic, be easy to design the high-precision electronic timer of various uses.

Circulation timing controller of the present invention is through multiple scheme test, compares and analysis, only uses a spot of electronic component to realize intended purposes.Below describe the relevant manufacturing technology of this circulation timing controller in detail.

Summary of the invention

Goal of the invention and beneficial effect: common timer majority can only simply be set opening or closing of a time control apparatus, the controlling object that has needs periodic discontinuous operation, as: the sterilizing equipment decontaminating apparatus of the ventilating fan in kitchen, ward or pharmacy ventilation fan, operating room, the fountain in park, neon-light advertisement, timing reminding function device or industrial equipment etc., they had both needed regularly to open, also need regularly to close to finish, and generally have only the timer of single timing function just to be difficult to be competent at.Circulation timing controller circuit of the present invention can solve the control problem of above-mentioned electrical equipment easily.This controller has simple, the reliable working performance of circuit theory, resistance in the suitable adjustment circuit in the oscillation circuit of 14 grades of binary counter integrated circuit (IC) 1, the parameter of electric capacity, perhaps change control line and connect integrated circuit (IC) 1 corresponding output (Q4~Q14), can obtain different circular wait time and action time of implementation.

Technical characterictic: the circulation timing controller, to form by 12V DC power supply, timer circuit, output level amplifying circuit and control relay circuit, its feature comprises:

Timer circuit is by oscillating circuit, reset circuit and 10 level output end mouths are formed, its connection features is: 11 pin of 14 grades of binary string linage-counter IC1,9 pin, 10 pin are the end of connecting resistance R2 respectively, the end of polarity free capacitor C1 and an end of resistance R 3, the other end of resistance R 2 links to each other with the other end of polarity free capacitor C1 and the other end of resistance R 3, the anodal VCC of one termination 12V DC power supply of 16 pin of 14 grades of binary string linage-counter IC1 and resistance R 1, the other end of resistance R 1 is with connecing the positive pole of switching diode D1 and the positive pole of switching diode D2, the negative pole of switching diode D1 connects 12 pin of 14 grades of binary string linage-counter IC1, the negative pole order cutter 10 of switching diode D2 is thrown the lever arm of diverter switch Kn and an end of resistance R 4,10 level output end mouths of 14 grades of binary string linage-counter IC1, that is: 7 pin, 5 pin, 4 pin, 6 pin, 14 pin, 13 pin, 15 pin, 1 pin, 2 pin and 3 pin link to each other the 8 pin connection circuit ground GND of 14 grades of binary string linage-counter IC1 with 10 fixed contacts that hilted broadsword 10 is thrown diverter switch Kn successively;

Output level amplifying circuit and control relay circuit: throw diverter switch Kn by hilted broadsword 10, resistance R 4, NPN type silicon triode VT1, relay J and silicon diode D3 form, its connection features is: hilted broadsword 10 is thrown the lever arm of diverter switch Kn and the same base stage that meets NPN type silicon triode VT1 of the other end of resistance R 4, the collector electrode of NPN type silicon triode VT1 is with succeeding an end of electrical equipment J coil and the positive pole of silicon diode D3, the negative pole of the other end of relay J coil and silicon diode D3 meets the anodal VCC of 12V DC power supply, the emitter connection circuit ground GND of NPN type silicon triode VT1, the control contact J-1 of relay J connects output.

The circuit working principle: oscillating circuit is formed period T=2.2 * R3 * C1 by oscillator and 14 grades of binary string linage-counter IC1, resistance R 2, resistance R 3 and capacitor C 1 in the circulation timing controller.The output level amplifying circuit is made up of resistance R 4, NPN type silicon triode VT1, relay J, diode D3.After 12V DC power supply place in circuit, 14 grades of binary counters of CD4060 begin counting, and the trailing edge of previous stage triggers the back level and carries out frequency division counter, by being switched on or switched off of relay J control contact.Suitably select the parameter of capacitor C 1, resistance R 3 can obtain corresponding frequency of oscillation, the stand-by period of timing controller and action turn-on time can corresponding changes.Simultaneously,, change output 3 pin (Q14) of IC1, can change its duty ratio, also change the stand-by period simultaneously and move turn-on time according to different needs; After the high level of 3 pin of IC1 output amplifies by NPN silicon triode VT1, make the relay J adhesive, connect corresponding loaded work piece; The low level of exporting when 3 pin discharges relay J, and the respective load outage quits work.

Diode D2, D1 and R1 form AND circuit to obtain the high level of cycle reset, make counter reset, reenter next timing cycle.The time of a cycle period is T1+T2, and the stand-by period of timing controller is T1=T * 214/2 second, action T2=T turn-on time * 210/2 second.According to the component parameters among accompanying drawing 1 circuit theory diagrams and the embodiment, to produce the circulation timing controller and come ventilating fan in the control room, about 3 hours of stand-by period, be 30 minutes the operate time of connecting ventilating fan.

According to the needs of timing length, throw the different output that diverter switch Kn selects to connect 14 grades of binary counter integrated circuit (IC) 1 with hilted broadsword 10.

Description of drawings

Accompanying drawing 1 is the embodiment circuit working schematic diagram that the invention provides a circulation timing controller; In implementation process, can select to use normally opened contact or normally-closed contact in the relay J as required; The negative pole connection circuit ground GND of 12V DC power supply.

Embodiment

Circuit working schematic diagram and description of drawings according to circulation timing controller shown in the accompanying drawing 1, and according to the annexation between the components and parts in the described each several part circuit of summary of the invention, and the components and parts technical parameter described in the execution mode requires to implement to realize the present invention.

The selection of components and parts and technical parameter thereof

IC1 is made up of an oscillator and 14 grades of binary string linage-counters, is called for short: 14 grades of binary string linage-counters, and its model is selected CD4060, and it has 10 outputs, and (that is: Q4~Q14), it can constitute 16~18384 divide ratios;

VT1 is a NPN type silicon triode, requires the NPN type silicon triode of withstand voltage 〉=30V, maximum operating currenbt 〉=800mA, and model can be selected 2CS9013 etc. for use;

Resistance all uses metalfilmresistor, and power is 1/8W, and the resistance of resistance R 1 is 120K Ω; The resistance of resistance R 2 is 1.5M Ω; The resistance of resistance R 3 is 1M Ω; The resistance of resistance R 4 is 1.5K Ω;

C1 is the polarity free capacitor in the oscillation circuit, and its capacity is 1 μ F/63V;

D1, D2 are switching diode, and its model is selected 1N4148 for use; D3 is silicon diode IN4001;

J is a relay, and its technical parameter is direct current 12V, and the direct current resistance of coil windings 〉=800 Ω, model can be selected JRX-13F for use or select 4098 type relays for use;

Kn is that hilted broadsword 10 is thrown diverter switch; DC selects the finished product 12V DC power supply of power 2W for use.

Make general condensed summary: the 12V DC power supply power in the circuit should determine that the power that requires the 12V DC power supply among the embodiment is 1W according to the relay J actual power and the power consumption of control usefulness.Be not drawn into the DC power supply indicator light in the accompanying drawing 1, can add as required when designing and producing.

Circuit debugging: the circuit of circulation timing controller is so long as the electronic devices and components performance of using is intact, annexation according to components and parts shown in the accompanying drawing is welded, and to physics wiring is conscientiously checked and is checked, and install, welding errorless after, circuit does not need the debugging can operate as normal.

Hilted broadsword 10 is thrown diverter switch Kn and is selected a suitable timing gear, if the time of the timing of circuit is inaccurate, illustrate that frequency of oscillation is undesirable, because of the capacity adjustment of polarity free capacitor C1 in integrated circuit (IC) 1 oscillation circuit is got up cumbersome, suggestion suitably increases or reduces the resistance of resistance R 3, and the resistance by adjusting resistance R3 repeatedly is till the time regularly accurately.

Claims (1)

1. a circulation timing controller is made up of 12V DC power supply, timer circuit, output level amplifying circuit and control relay circuit, and its feature comprises:
Timer circuit is by oscillating circuit, reset circuit and 10 level output end mouths are formed, its connection features is: 11 pin of 14 grades of binary string linage-counter IC1,9 pin, 10 pin are the end of connecting resistance R2 respectively, the end of polarity free capacitor C1 and an end of resistance R 3, the other end of resistance R 2 links to each other with the other end of polarity free capacitor C1 and the other end of resistance R 3, the anodal VCC of one termination 12V DC power supply of 16 pin of 14 grades of binary string linage-counter IC1 and resistance R 1, the other end of resistance R 1 is with connecing the positive pole of switching diode D1 and the positive pole of switching diode D2, the negative pole of switching diode D1 connects 12 pin of 14 grades of binary string linage-counter IC1, the negative pole order cutter 10 of switching diode D2 is thrown the lever arm of diverter switch Kn and an end of resistance R 4,10 level output end mouths of 14 grades of binary string linage-counter IC1, that is: 7 pin, 5 pin, 4 pin, 6 pin, 14 pin, 13 pin, 15 pin, 1 pin, 2 pin and 3 pin link to each other the 8 pin connection circuit ground GND of 14 grades of binary string linage-counter IC1 with 10 fixed contacts that hilted broadsword 10 is thrown diverter switch Kn successively;
Output level amplifying circuit and control relay circuit: throw diverter switch Kn by hilted broadsword 10, resistance R 4, NPN type silicon triode VT1, relay J and silicon diode D3 form, its connection features is: hilted broadsword 10 is thrown the lever arm of diverter switch Kn and the same base stage that meets NPN type silicon triode VT1 of the other end of resistance R 4, the collector electrode of NPN type silicon triode VT1 is with succeeding an end of electrical equipment J coil and the positive pole of silicon diode D3, the negative pole of the other end of relay J coil and silicon diode D3 meets the anodal VCC of 12V DC power supply, the emitter connection circuit ground GND of NPN type silicon triode VT1, the control contact J-1 of relay J connects output.
CN2011102326810A 2011-08-15 2011-08-15 Cyclic timing controller CN102299023A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102591226A (en) * 2012-02-27 2012-07-18 刘德军 High-precision circular timing control device
CN102754619A (en) * 2012-08-09 2012-10-31 何林 Timing intermittent oxygenation device for goldfish bowl
CN103347349A (en) * 2013-07-20 2013-10-09 木林森股份有限公司 Long time delay LED lighting switch control circuit
CN103941786A (en) * 2014-04-02 2014-07-23 常熟市常源变压器有限公司 Multifunctional stepping type drive device
WO2015058609A1 (en) * 2013-10-21 2015-04-30 常州市巨泰电子有限公司 Timing controller
CN105763110A (en) * 2016-03-04 2016-07-13 芜湖市恒峰科技有限公司 Intermittent power-on energy-saving control device
CN105974780A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-09-28 吴建堂 Electronic kitchen timer
CN106788364A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 黄鹂 A kind of timing controller of long-time automatic cycle
CN108646715A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-10-12 中国北方发动机研究所(天津) A kind of microcontroller failure restarts circuit automatically

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2219653Y (en) * 1995-03-20 1996-02-14 赵方伟 Automatic electric heating lunch-box
CN1149446A (en) * 1996-02-12 1997-05-14 武汉非凡科技有限责任公司 Therapeutic instrument for prostate
CN2505084Y (en) * 2001-09-03 2002-08-14 张嘉平 Electronic sterilizer for oral cleaning device
CN2590672Y (en) * 2002-11-29 2003-12-10 大庆油田井田实业公司 Automatic controller for multi-spray
CN2669215Y (en) * 2003-11-27 2005-01-05 冯云鹏 Novel medical film-viewing lamp
CN202259033U (en) * 2011-08-15 2012-05-30 何林 Cycle timing controller

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2219653Y (en) * 1995-03-20 1996-02-14 赵方伟 Automatic electric heating lunch-box
CN1149446A (en) * 1996-02-12 1997-05-14 武汉非凡科技有限责任公司 Therapeutic instrument for prostate
CN2505084Y (en) * 2001-09-03 2002-08-14 张嘉平 Electronic sterilizer for oral cleaning device
CN2590672Y (en) * 2002-11-29 2003-12-10 大庆油田井田实业公司 Automatic controller for multi-spray
CN2669215Y (en) * 2003-11-27 2005-01-05 冯云鹏 Novel medical film-viewing lamp
CN202259033U (en) * 2011-08-15 2012-05-30 何林 Cycle timing controller

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102591226A (en) * 2012-02-27 2012-07-18 刘德军 High-precision circular timing control device
CN102754619A (en) * 2012-08-09 2012-10-31 何林 Timing intermittent oxygenation device for goldfish bowl
CN103347349A (en) * 2013-07-20 2013-10-09 木林森股份有限公司 Long time delay LED lighting switch control circuit
WO2015058609A1 (en) * 2013-10-21 2015-04-30 常州市巨泰电子有限公司 Timing controller
CN103941786A (en) * 2014-04-02 2014-07-23 常熟市常源变压器有限公司 Multifunctional stepping type drive device
CN105763110A (en) * 2016-03-04 2016-07-13 芜湖市恒峰科技有限公司 Intermittent power-on energy-saving control device
CN105974780A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-09-28 吴建堂 Electronic kitchen timer
CN106788364A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 黄鹂 A kind of timing controller of long-time automatic cycle
CN108646715A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-10-12 中国北方发动机研究所(天津) A kind of microcontroller failure restarts circuit automatically

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Application publication date: 20111228