CN102296835A - Reinforced concrete building rapidly assembled by prefabricated composite light slabs - Google Patents

Reinforced concrete building rapidly assembled by prefabricated composite light slabs Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102296835A
CN102296835A CN2011102025298A CN201110202529A CN102296835A CN 102296835 A CN102296835 A CN 102296835A CN 2011102025298 A CN2011102025298 A CN 2011102025298A CN 201110202529 A CN201110202529 A CN 201110202529A CN 102296835 A CN102296835 A CN 102296835A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
composite light
weight plate
house frame
reinforced concrete
weight
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011102025298A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱恒杰
于崇明
Original Assignee
北京华丽联合高科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by 北京华丽联合高科技有限公司 filed Critical 北京华丽联合高科技有限公司
Priority to CN2011102025298A priority Critical patent/CN102296835A/en
Publication of CN102296835A publication Critical patent/CN102296835A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a reinforced concrete building rapidly assembled by prefabricated composite light slabs, which is characterized by comprising a building frame manufactured from reinforced concrete, wherein the building frame manufactured from the reinforced concrete is connected with a plurality of composite light slab through connecting members to form a wall body of the building. The reinforced concrete building has the advantages of skilled design, convenience and rapidness for operation, labor conservation, reduction of cost, good seismic resistance and heat preservation, and can be widely applied to a manufacture process of a new building, and a building reconstruction process that the building frame is not damaged after seism and brickworks in the frame are scattered.

Description

A kind of prefabricated composite light-weight plate is the reinforced concrete building of assembling fast
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of reinforced concrete building, particularly the reinforced concrete building that assembles fast about a kind of prefabricated composite light-weight plate.
Background technology
At present, building system generally is divided into steel building system and reinforced concrete structure building system.That the steel building system has is in light weight, build the advantage fast, that the site operation amount is little, and its deadly defect is inflammable, though steel itself does not burn, but common iron is under 600 degrees centigrade environment, intensity just and noodles similar; So in case burnt greatly, steel work often is badly damaged; If water during fire fighting, will be more serious to its destruction; Most typical in the world this type of accident is exactly U.S.'s September 11 attacks, and in fact, the World Trade Organization building does not hit and collapses, but burn down, because high temperature causes the steel work distortion, holds and can't stand top weight, has just sunk.The reinforced concrete structure building system has advantages such as shock resistance is strong, fire-resistant, good heat insulating, but it also has following shortcoming in architectural process: 1) owing to need lay bricks in the house frame of reinforced concrete structure, therefore, not only cause the body of wall overall weight big, and building cycle is long, expend great amount of manpower, especially under the more and more expensive present situation of labour cost, cause building costs also more and more higher; 2) owing in the house frame of reinforced concrete structure, laying bricks, gapped between each bit brick, when earthquake takes place, be scattered easily and cave in, cause casualties; 3) owing to lay bricks in the house frame of reinforced concrete structure, body of wall does not have heat insulation effect, and heat insulating material need be set on exterior wall more in addition, therefore, not only cause the body of wall thickening, reduce the usable floor area in house, not energy-conservation, and heat insulating material is not prevented fires easy initiation fire.
Summary of the invention
At the problems referred to above, the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of convenience quick for installation, refractoriness, shock resistance are strong, and the low prefabricated composite light-weight plate of cost is the reinforced concrete building of assembling fast.
For achieving the above object, the present invention takes following technical scheme: a kind of prefabricated composite light-weight plate is the reinforced concrete building of assembling fast, it is characterized in that: it comprises the house frame of being made by steel concrete, and is described by connecting the body of wall that the light plate of plurality of compound is formed the house by connector on the house frame of steel concrete making.
Described body of wall is connected on the described house frame by the described composite light-weight plate of individual layer to be formed.
Described body of wall is connected on the described house frame by the described composite light-weight plate of bilayer to be formed.
Described by connecting first floor composite light-weight plate by connector on the house frame of steel concrete making, at described house frame arranged outside second layer composite light-weight plate; In described second layer composite light-weight plate is around in described first floor composite light-weight plate and described house frame.
The arranged outside of the described house frame of being made by steel concrete has boss, connects first floor composite light-weight plate on the described house frame of described boss inboard, connects second layer composite light-weight plate on the described boss; In described second layer composite light-weight plate is around in the described house frame in the described boss and described first floor composite light-weight plate; Space fill insulant material between the two described second layer composite light-weight plates that described boss upper surface and soffit connect.
Between described second layer composite light-weight plate and the described house frame, and all be connected with adhesive securement between described second layer composite light-weight plate and the described first floor composite light-weight plate by bolt; Leave the air space of 10~20mm between described first floor composite light-weight plate and the described second layer composite light-weight plate.
Be provided with some built-in fittings in the described house frame, each described built-in fitting connects the described composite light-weight plate that respectively is arranged on the described house frame.
Be bolted to connection some clamps on the described house frame, each described clamp connects each the described composite light-weight plate that respectively is arranged on the described house frame.
Described composite light-weight plate comprises two-layer light weight concrete construction and the middle heat insulating material that is provided with.
The present invention is owing to take above technical scheme, it has the following advantages: 1, the present invention connects the outer body of wall that the light plate of plurality of compound is formed the house by connector on the house frame that steel concrete is made, the mode of body of wall outside the formation of in house frame, laying bricks that breaks traditions, therefore, the present invention has the following advantages: 1) prepares in advance owing to the composite light-weight plate, and therefore, quick and easy for installation, save manpower, reduce cost; 2), be not easy to be scattered when earthquake takes place and cave in because the composite light-weight plate links into an integrated entity by connectors such as built-in fitting, clips, and therefore, house integral structure is good; 3) the composite light-weight plate has heat insulation effect, heat insulating material need be set in addition on exterior wall again, saves cost, raises the efficiency.2, the present invention adopts the composite light-weight plate to connect house frame composition external wall of house body, the composite light-weight plate can be by two-layer light weight concrete construction, and the centre adds organic or inorganic heat insulation material forms, and own wt is light, the every square meter of outer body of wall after building is finished arrives the hundreds of kilogram for tens kilograms, and the outer body of wall of general brick construction, weight is that every square meter hundreds of kilogram is to several tons, therefore, the outer wall weight that adopts the present invention to make is light, when earthquake took place, swing inertia was little, is not easy to be scattered and caves in.3, the present invention can be according to each regional environmental factor, and energy-conservation needs, one deck composite light-weight plate is set on house frame, in the house frame outside, second layer composite light-weight plate is set, leave air space between second layer composite light-weight plate and the first floor composite light-weight plate, in second layer composite light-weight plate is coated on house frame and first floor composite light-weight plate, therefore, can avoid first floor composite light-weight plate and house frame junction that " cold bridge " phenomenon, high insulating effect take place.The present invention is skillfully constructed, convenient to operation, not only save manpower, reduce cost, and the earthquake-resistant building that is made into, good heat preservation performance, can be widely used in the building course of new building, and the no damage of shake back reinforced concrete building framework, and in the building reconstruction process of being scattered of laying bricks in the framework.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that the present invention is provided with the cross-sectional schematic that individual layer composite light-weight plate is formed body of wall on the house frame of being made by steel concrete
Fig. 2 is that the present invention is provided with embodiment one cross-sectional schematic that the light plate of two-layer compound is formed body of wall on the house frame of being made by steel concrete
Fig. 3 is that the present invention is provided with embodiment two cross-sectional schematic that the light plate of two-layer compound is formed body of wall on the house frame of being made by steel concrete
Fig. 4 is composite light-weight plate embodiment one structural representation of the present invention
Fig. 5 is composite light-weight plate embodiment two structural representations of the present invention
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the present invention is described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes the house frame of making by steel concrete 1, be connected with some composite light-weight plates 2 that prepare in advance by connector on the house frame 1, form the body of wall in house.The top of each composite light-weight plate 2 and bottom can be fixed on the house frame by the built-in fitting 3 that is provided with on the house frame 1.Each composite light-weight plate 2 also can be fixed on the house frame 1 by the clamp 4 that top and bottom are provided with, and clamp 4 is fixed on (as shown in Figure 2) on the house frame 1 by bolt 5.Smear seam with cement between the adjacent composite light-weight plate 2, the top between the adjacent composite light-weight plate 2 connects by being connected clamp with the bottom.
According to various places environment difference, and the requirement of heat preservation energy-saving, as shown in Figure 1, the present invention can be provided with the body of wall that individual layer composite light-weight plate 2 is formed the house on the house frame of being made by steel concrete 1.As Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, the present invention also can be provided with the body of wall that the light plate 2 of two-layer compound is formed the house on the house frame of being made by steel concrete 1.
As shown in Figure 2, the present invention is being provided with the embodiment one that the light plate of two-layer compound is formed body of wall on the house frame of being made by steel concrete: connect first floor composite light-weight plate 21 by connector on the house frame 1 that steel concrete is made, at house frame 1 arranged outside second layer composite light-weight plate 22; Between second layer composite light-weight plate 22 and the house frame 1, and all be connected with adhesive securement between second layer composite light-weight plate 22 and the first floor composite light-weight plate 21 by bolt 6.In second layer composite light-weight plate 22 is around in first floor composite light-weight plate 21 and house frame 1, avoided the first floor composite light-weight plate 21 and the junction of house frame 1 that " cold bridge " phenomenon takes place.Leave the air space of 10~20mm between first floor composite light-weight plate 21 and the second layer composite light-weight plate 22, so that make body of wall have better heat-insulating property.
As shown in Figure 3, the present invention is provided with the embodiment two that the light plate of two-layer compound is formed body of wall on the house frame of being made by steel concrete: the present invention has boss 11 in the arranged outside of the house frame of being made by steel concrete 1, connect first floor composite light-weight plate 21 on the house frame 1 of boss 11 inboards, connect second layer composite light-weight plate 22 on the boss 11; Between second layer composite light-weight plate 22 and the house frame 1, and all be connected with adhesive securement between second layer composite light-weight plate 22 and the first floor composite light-weight plate 21 by bolt 6.In second layer composite light-weight plate 22 is around in the house frame 1 in the boss 11 and first floor composite light-weight plate 21, avoided the first floor composite light-weight plate 21 and the junction of house frame 1 that " cold bridge " phenomenon takes place.Leave the air space of 10~20mm between first floor composite light-weight plate 21 and the second layer composite light-weight plate 22, so that make body of wall have better heat-insulating property.Space between two second layer composite light-weight plates 22 that boss 11 upper surfaces and soffit connect can fill insulant material 7.
As shown in Figure 4, composite light-weight plate 2 structure embodiment one of the present invention: composite light-weight plate 2 can be by two-layer light weight concrete construction 23, and the centre adds organic or inorganic heat insulation material 24 is made.Light weight concrete construction 23 can be any in gas concrete, foam concrete, porous light concrete, light weight aggregate concrete, light aggregate concrete, polymer fiber cement concrete, fiber cement concrete, CL system thin wall concrete, thin-walled steel-wire-net reinforced concrete and the thin-wall reinforced concrete.Heat insulating material 24 can adopt organic insulation material or inorganic heat insulation material, and organic insulation material can be any in EPS, XPS, foamed phenolic resin, the foamed polyurethane.Inorganic heat insulation material in the heat insulating material 24 can be any in foam concrete, gas concrete, rock wool, glass wool, vitrifying microballon cement concrete, the hydrophobicity perlite and cement concrete.Can be provided with reinforcing material in the light weight concrete construction 23 of composite light-weight plate 2, reinforcing material can be any in fiberglass gridding cloth, alkali-resistant glass fibre grid cloth, steel mesh reinforcement, the gauze wire cloth.
As shown in Figure 5, composite light-weight plate 2 structure embodiment two of the present invention: can be provided with some core-drawing holes 25 by parallel longitudinal in the middle of the composite light-weight plate 2.When this composite light-weight plate 2 is used for comparison sweltering heat regional, can the heat on the body of wall be taken away by being arranged on the pore that composite light-weight plate 2 tops and bottom are in communication with the outside.
The various embodiments described above only are used to illustrate the present invention, and wherein the structure of each parts, connected mode etc. all can change to some extent, and every equivalents of carrying out on the basis of technical solution of the present invention and improvement all should not got rid of outside protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the prefabricated composite light-weight plate reinforced concrete building of assembling fast, it is characterized in that: it comprises the house frame of being made by steel concrete, and is described by connecting the body of wall that the light plate of plurality of compound is formed the house by connector on the house frame of steel concrete making.
2. a kind of prefabricated composite light-weight plate as claimed in claim 1 is the reinforced concrete building of assembling fast, and it is characterized in that: described body of wall is connected on the described house frame by the described composite light-weight plate of individual layer to be formed.
3. a kind of prefabricated composite light-weight plate as claimed in claim 1 is the reinforced concrete building of assembling fast, and it is characterized in that: described body of wall is connected on the described house frame by the described composite light-weight plate of bilayer to be formed.
4. a kind of prefabricated composite light-weight plate as claimed in claim 3 is the reinforced concrete building of assembling fast, it is characterized in that: described by connecting first floor composite light-weight plate by connector on the house frame of steel concrete making, at described house frame arranged outside second layer composite light-weight plate; In described second layer composite light-weight plate is around in described first floor composite light-weight plate and described house frame.
5. a kind of prefabricated composite light-weight plate as claimed in claim 3 is the reinforced concrete building of assembling fast, it is characterized in that: the arranged outside of the described house frame of being made by steel concrete has boss, connect first floor composite light-weight plate on the described house frame of described boss inboard, connect second layer composite light-weight plate on the described boss; In described second layer composite light-weight plate is around in the described house frame in the described boss and described first floor composite light-weight plate; Space fill insulant material between the two described second layer composite light-weight plates that described boss upper surface and soffit connect.
6. as claim 4 or the quick reinforced concrete building that assembles of 5 described a kind of prefabricated composite light-weight plates, it is characterized in that: between described second layer composite light-weight plate and the described house frame, and all be connected with adhesive securement between described second layer composite light-weight plate and the described first floor composite light-weight plate by bolt; Leave the air space of 10~20mm between described first floor composite light-weight plate and the described second layer composite light-weight plate.
7. as claim 1 or the quick reinforced concrete building that assembles of 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 described a kind of prefabricated composite light-weight plates, it is characterized in that: be provided with some built-in fittings in the described house frame, each described built-in fitting connects the described composite light-weight plate that respectively is arranged on the described house frame.
8. a kind of prefabricated composite light-weight plate as claimed in claim 6 is the reinforced concrete building of assembling fast, it is characterized in that: be provided with some built-in fittings in the described house frame, each described built-in fitting connects the described composite light-weight plate that respectively is arranged on the described house frame.
9. as the quick reinforced concrete building that assembles of each described a kind of prefabricated composite light-weight plate of claim 1~6, it is characterized in that: be bolted to connection some clamps on the described house frame, each described clamp connects each the described composite light-weight plate that respectively is arranged on the described house frame.
10. as the reinforced concrete building of the quick assembling of each described a kind of prefabricated composite light-weight plate of claim 1~9, it is characterized in that: described composite light-weight plate comprises two-layer light weight concrete construction and the middle heat insulating material that is provided with.
CN2011102025298A 2011-07-19 2011-07-19 Reinforced concrete building rapidly assembled by prefabricated composite light slabs CN102296835A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103015572A (en) * 2013-01-06 2013-04-03 河南天丰节能板材科技股份有限公司 Connecting method for wall body and floor slab and special connecting structure as well as quick-assembled house
CN103104027A (en) * 2013-02-24 2013-05-15 彭泓越 Lightweight partition plate mosaic type lightweight steel structure integrated house and construction method
CN104234257A (en) * 2014-09-17 2014-12-24 浙江大学 Fire wall with grass root imitated structure

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1460757A (en) * 2003-06-16 2003-12-10 朱恒杰 Composite light plate guickly-assembled building system
JP2008285989A (en) * 2007-04-17 2008-11-27 Misawa Homes Co Ltd Wall panel
US20080302049A1 (en) * 2007-06-08 2008-12-11 Kathleen Antoinette Stoneburner Insulated fabric pocket panels
CN201372492Y (en) * 2008-11-05 2009-12-30 天津开发区福林发展有限公司 Plaster heat-preservation plate and connection structure of plaster heat-preservation plate and building main body
CN102003084A (en) * 2010-11-12 2011-04-06 天津开发区福林发展有限公司 Gypsum composite plate and reinforced light box structure middle/high-rise dwelling house systems
CN202298890U (en) * 2011-07-19 2012-07-04 北京华丽联合高科技有限公司 Reinforced concrete house quickly assembled by prefabricated composite light plates

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1460757A (en) * 2003-06-16 2003-12-10 朱恒杰 Composite light plate guickly-assembled building system
JP2008285989A (en) * 2007-04-17 2008-11-27 Misawa Homes Co Ltd Wall panel
US20080302049A1 (en) * 2007-06-08 2008-12-11 Kathleen Antoinette Stoneburner Insulated fabric pocket panels
CN201372492Y (en) * 2008-11-05 2009-12-30 天津开发区福林发展有限公司 Plaster heat-preservation plate and connection structure of plaster heat-preservation plate and building main body
CN102003084A (en) * 2010-11-12 2011-04-06 天津开发区福林发展有限公司 Gypsum composite plate and reinforced light box structure middle/high-rise dwelling house systems
CN202298890U (en) * 2011-07-19 2012-07-04 北京华丽联合高科技有限公司 Reinforced concrete house quickly assembled by prefabricated composite light plates

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103015572A (en) * 2013-01-06 2013-04-03 河南天丰节能板材科技股份有限公司 Connecting method for wall body and floor slab and special connecting structure as well as quick-assembled house
CN103015572B (en) * 2013-01-06 2015-11-04 河南天丰节能板材科技股份有限公司 The method of attachment of body of wall and floor and special syndeton thereof and ready-package house
CN103104027A (en) * 2013-02-24 2013-05-15 彭泓越 Lightweight partition plate mosaic type lightweight steel structure integrated house and construction method
CN104234257A (en) * 2014-09-17 2014-12-24 浙江大学 Fire wall with grass root imitated structure

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Application publication date: 20111228

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