CN102295958B - Two-segment cold gas generating device - Google Patents

Two-segment cold gas generating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102295958B
CN102295958B CN 201110205423 CN201110205423A CN102295958B CN 102295958 B CN102295958 B CN 102295958B CN 201110205423 CN201110205423 CN 201110205423 CN 201110205423 A CN201110205423 A CN 201110205423A CN 102295958 B CN102295958 B CN 102295958B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gas
coal gas
fly
spray
phenol water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201110205423
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102295958A (en
Inventor
王华平
王洪春
王洪洞
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Cangzhou Hengda Energy-Saving & Environmental Protection Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Cangzhou Hengda Energy-Saving & Environmental Protection Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Application filed by Cangzhou Hengda Energy-Saving & Environmental Protection Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd filed Critical Cangzhou Hengda Energy-Saving & Environmental Protection Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority to CN 201110205423 priority Critical patent/CN102295958B/en
Publication of CN102295958A publication Critical patent/CN102295958A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102295958B publication Critical patent/CN102295958B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

A two-segment cold gas generating device adopts a two-segment cold gas producer; a gasification coal gas outlet is connected to a deduster by a gas transmission pipe; a carbonization coal gas outlet is equipped and connected with a gas transmission pipe joint; a smoke exhaust gas valve is mounted on the gas transmission pipe joint; a phenol water evaporator is connected to the deduster by a gas transmission pipe; the producer body of the two-segment cold gas producer comprises a carbonization segment with a cone-type masonry inner wall and a gasification segment with a pagoda-type multilayer air supply grate; a phenol water jacket with a phenol water jacket-connecting gas transmission pipe is disposed on a main housing of the deduster; a coal gas bleeding valve is a spray-type bleeding valve. The invention has a simple structure, and is applicable to various types of two-segment cold gas stations and engineering thereof.

Description

A kind of two-part cooled coal gas generating unit
Technical field
The invention belongs to improved cooled coal gas generating unit in the coal gas technology field.
Background technology
Along with growing and scientific and technical the advancing by leaps and bounds of oil refining and chemical industry, also more and more higher to the technical requirements of its used two-part cooled coal gas generating unit.In known technology, two-part cooled coal gas generating unit mainly is to connect the coal gas dust removal device by two-part cooled coal gas stove, condenser, compositions such as electric coke catcher, the body of heater of two stage type gas stove is from top to bottom by retort section with gasification section is conjuncted forms, the gasification gas outlet of two-part cooled coal gas producer connects fly-ash separator by pneumatic tube, the dry distillation gas outlet is fitted with gas transmission and takes over, gas transmission is fitted with the smoke evacuation air valve on taking over, but limit by its structure, its structure is complicated, the cost height, waste energy, the slide rail type bearing that the stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire bearing adopts, the friction transmission resistance is big, especially the dust polluting environment that diffuses out when a stove and blowing out of gas bleeding valve also brings inconvenience to use.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, it is complicated to solve existing two-part cooled coal gas generating unit structure, the problem that cost is high.The present invention's purpose provides a kind of simple and practical, and cost is low, saves the energy, and applied range is easy to use, is applicable to the two-part cooled coal gas generating unit at the various cold station of two segment standard.
The present invention addresses the above problem the technical scheme that adopts:
A kind of two-part cooled coal gas generating unit, it is provided with: two-part cooled coal gas producer, fly-ash separator, the phenol water evaporimeter, the gasification gas outlet of two-part cooled coal gas producer connects fly-ash separator by pneumatic tube, the dry distillation gas outlet is fitted with the pneumatic tube joint, be fitted with the smoke evacuation air valve on the pneumatic tube joint, the phenol water evaporimeter is by carrying tracheae to connect fly-ash separator, the body of heater of two-part cooled coal gas producer is the two-part body of heater that contains the gasification section of cone-shaped retort section of building inwall by laying bricks or stones and pagoda-shaped multilayer air feed grate, the main body cover of fly-ash separator is shaped on the phenol water jacket, pneumatic tube that fly-ash separator connects is the water jacket pipe that is shaped on the phenol jacket pipe, the phenol jacket pipe of pneumatic tube is communicated with the phenol water jacket of fly-ash separator, gas bleeding valve is by bleeder, the exhaust of y shape connects cover, bell jar, manually backguy, the bell jar connecting rod, spray header, spray valve, spray nozzle, syphon trap, the spray-type that guide pipe and sleeve pipe are formed diffuses valve, bleeder is installed in gas transmission and takes over, bell jar is equipped with in corresponding bleeder mouth of pipe cooperation, outside bleeder, be set with the exhaust of y shape and connect cover, the exhaust of y shape connects on the exhaust charge of cover and is equiped with spray header, spray valve and spray nozzle, bell jar connecting rod are connecting manually backguy and be set with guide pipe outside the bodies of rod, syphon trap and sleeve pipe.
Above-mentioned two-part cooled coal gas generating unit, load Ball slide, ash pan bottom are shaped on the ball slip lid on the pedestal of the stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire bearing of described two-part body of heater, between the ball slip lid of the Ball slide of stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire bearing body and ash pan bottom, be installed with ball, the stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire bearing of the thrust block formula transmission that consists of.
Above-mentioned two-part cooled coal gas generating unit, it also is provided with the grate bearing, and the periphery wall that is positioned at grate bottom pedestal of described grate bearing is shaped on several ventages.
Above-mentioned two-part cooled coal gas generating unit, described phenol water evaporimeter are the phenol water evaporimeters that is equiped with the processing phenol water of several generating tubes in the vaporiser body, and the phenol water evaporimeter is taken over by carrying tracheae to be connected in the fly-ash separator air outlet.
Above-mentioned two-part cooled coal gas generating unit, described two-part body of heater are positioned on the gasification section furnace body wall on grate top and are equiped with several phenol water jet nozzles.Because the gasification section gas heat up to 350-550 ℃, produces into steam after phenol water sprays into, substitute vaporized chemical, to eliminate the pollution that discharge of phenolic water causes.
When the present invention uses, according to design requirements, be installed in desired location, in oil refining apparatus, install the raw coal transfer roller, condenser, electric coke catchers etc. are supporting related facility with it, connect the coal gas output channel, coal enters in the stove through hydraulic pressure rotation coal valve from the furnace roof coal store, coal contains the cone-shaped retort section of inwall of building by laying bricks or stones through sufficient drying and destructive distillation at body of heater, volatile matter is separated out retort section coal gas, and form semicoke gradually, enter gasification section, red-hot semicoke fully reacts at gasification section and the vaporized chemical that is blasted by the ventage of pagoda-shaped multilayer air feed grate bearing periphery wall, be generated as gasification section coal gas, gasification section coal gas enters the phenol water evaporimeter after fly-ash separator carries out dedusting cooling, through further purifying the back through electric coke catcher etc. again after entering condenser and export with converging through the retort section coal gas behind the tar of electric coke catcher office earlier behind the phenol water evaporimeter.Remaining lime-ash after retort section, the gasification section is discharged automatically by stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire bearing and the hydraulic drive ash pan of the transmission of thrust block formula in the raw coal process stove.The phenol water of being told by the coal gas condenser is transported to the phenol jacket pipe of pneumatic tube to the phenol water jacket of fly-ash separator, the heat energy that takes full advantage of discharged producer gas carries out evaporation concentration with phenol water, again fly-ash separator is incubated and prevents that coal gas is coal-tar middle oil and condense, the phenol water evaporimeter produces contains the phenol water jet nozzle that the phenol water vapor is transported to the body of heater gasification section, substitutes vaporized chemical.Spray-type diffuses valve and is sealed by water seal in works better, when meeting emergency situation or some stove and blowing out, with manual backguy pull-up bell jar; open wide and diffuse the mouth of pipe; open the spray valve of spray header simultaneously, dash with the spray fog and remove the coal gas flue dust, effectively protect environment.
Because the present invention designs and adopted technique scheme, it is complicated to have solved existing two-part cooled coal gas furnace structure effectively, the problem that cost is high.Also show through testing result on trial for several times, it compared with prior art, have simple and practical, cost is low, save the energy, applied range, spray-type diffuse valve can effectively eliminate the flue dust that diffuses out when a stove and blowing out, the beneficial effect that waits easy to use is applicable to various two-part cooled coal gas station and engineering thereof.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is embodiment of the invention one-piece construction sketch;
Fig. 2 is the enlarged view of stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire bearing part among Fig. 1 embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the enlarged view of grate holder part among Fig. 1 embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the enlarged view of body of heater gasification section load phenol water jet nozzle among Fig. 1 embodiment;
Fig. 5 is the enlarged view that spray-type diffuses valve among Fig. 1 embodiment;
Fig. 6 is the enlarged view of fly-ash separator part among Fig. 1 embodiment;
(this journey is left out).
[0013]Each label is in the accompanying drawing: 1 gas furnace body of heater; The gasification section of the pagoda-shaped multilayer air feed fire grate of 1-1 body of heater; The 1-2 body of heater cone-shaped retort section of building inwall by laying bricks or stones arranged; 2 gas transmissions are taken over; 3 hydraulic pressure rotation coal valve; 4 coal stores; 5 water seal air distribution tubes; 6 ash pan bearings; 7 balls; 8 ash pans; 9 grate bearings; 10 ventages; 11 phenol water jet nozzles; 12 pipe cores; 13 phenol jacket pipes; The phenol water jacket of 14 fly-ash separators; 15 pneumatic tubes; 16 bleeders; 17 bell jars; 18 manual backguys; 19 spray headers; 20 y shape exhausts connect cover; 21 bell jar connecting rods; 22 control valves; 23 coal gas dust removal devices; 24 carry tracheae; 25 phenol water evaporimeters; 26 ball slip lids; 27 Ball slides; 28 syphon traps; 29 guide pipes; 30 sleeve pipes; 31 spray valves; 32 spray nozzles.
Embodiment
Embodiment as shown in Figure 1, the present invention is provided with: two-part cooled coal gas producer, fly-ash separator, the phenol water evaporimeter, two-part cooled coal gas producer is top connection hydraulic pressure rotation coal valve 3 and the coal store 4 by two-part body of heater 1, in be provided with pipe core 12, bottom load grate bearing 9 and ash pan bearing 6 and water seal air distribution tube 5 are formed, the gasification gas outlet of two-part cooled coal gas producer connects fly-ash separator 23 by pneumatic tube 15, the dry distillation gas outlet is fitted with gas transmission and takes over 2, gas transmission is taken on 2 and is fitted with gas bleeding valve, fly-ash separator 23 is by carrying tracheae 24 to connect phenol water evaporimeter 25, two-part body of heater 1 is the two-part body of heater that contains the gasification section 1-1 of the cone-shaped retort section 1-2 that builds inwall by laying bricks or stones and pagoda-shaped multilayer air feed fire grate, the main body cover of fly-ash separator 23 is shaped on phenol water jacket 14, pneumatic tube that fly-ash separator connects 15 is the water jacket pipes that are shaped on phenol jacket pipe 13, the phenol jacket pipe 13 of pneumatic tube is communicated with the phenol water jacket 14(of fly-ash separator referring to accompanying drawing 6), fly-ash separator also is parallel to gas transmission by the pipeline that is connected with band control valve 22 and takes over 2, gas bleeding valve is by bleeder 16, the exhaust of y shape connects cover 20, bell jar 17, manually backguy 18, bell jar connecting rod 21, spray header 19, spray valve 31, spray nozzle 32, syphon trap 28, the spray-type that guide pipe 29 and sleeve pipe 30 are formed diffuses valve, bleeder 16 is installed in gas transmission and takes on 2, bell jar 17 is equipped with in corresponding bleeder 16 mouths of pipe cooperation, outside bleeder 16, be set with the exhaust of y shape and connect cover 20, the exhaust of y shape connects on cover 20 the exhaust charge and is equiped with spray header 19, spray valve 31 and spray nozzle 32, bell jar connecting rod 21 are connecting manually backguy 18 and be set with guide pipe 29 outside the bodies of rod, syphon trap 28 and sleeve pipe 30(also see accompanying drawing 5).
Referring to accompanying drawing 2 embodiment, load Ball slide 27, ash pan 8 bottoms are shaped on ball slip lid 26 on the pedestal of the stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire bearing 6 of two-part body of heater of the present invention, be installed with ball 7, the stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire bearing of the thrust block formula transmission that consists of at the Ball slide 27 of stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire bearing body and 26 of the ball slip lids of ash pan bottom.
Referring to accompanying drawing 3 embodiment, the periphery wall that is positioned at grate bottom pedestal of grate bearing 9 is shaped on 10 uniform ventages 10 among the present invention.
Referring to accompanying drawing 4 embodiment, two-part body of heater 1 of the present invention is positioned on the gasification section 1-1 furnace body wall on grate top and is equiped with 8 phenol water jet nozzles 11.
Referring to accompanying drawing 7 embodiment, phenol water evaporimeter 25 is to be equiped with the phenol water evaporimeter that several generating tubes are handled phenol water in the vaporiser body among the present invention, and the phenol water evaporimeter is taken over by carrying tracheae 24 to be connected in fly-ash separator 23 air outlets.

Claims (4)

1. two-part cooled coal gas generating unit, it is provided with two-part cooled coal gas producer, fly-ash separator, the gasification gas outlet of two-part cooled coal gas producer connects fly-ash separator by pneumatic tube, the dry distillation gas outlet is fitted with the pneumatic tube joint, be fitted with the smoke evacuation air valve on the pneumatic tube joint, it is characterized in that, it also is provided with phenol water evaporimeter (25), phenol water evaporimeter (25) is by carrying tracheae (24) to connect fly-ash separator, the body of heater of two-part cooled coal gas producer is the two-part body of heater (1) that contains the gasification section of cone-shaped retort section of building inwall by laying bricks or stones and pagoda-shaped multilayer air feed fire grate, the main body cover of fly-ash separator is shaped on phenol water jacket (14), pneumatic tube that fly-ash separator connects (15) is the water jacket pipe that is shaped on phenol jacket pipe (13), the phenol jacket pipe (13) of pneumatic tube is communicated with the phenol water jacket (14) of fly-ash separator, gas bleeding valve is by bleeder (16), the exhaust of y shape connects cover (20), bell jar (17), manually backguy (18), bell jar connecting rod (21), spray header (19), spray valve (31), spray nozzle (32), syphon trap (28), the spray-type that guide pipe (29) and sleeve pipe (30) are formed diffuses valve, bleeder (16) is installed in gas transmission and takes on (2), bell jar (17) is equipped with in corresponding bleeder (16) mouth of pipe cooperation, outside bleeder (16), be set with the exhaust of y shape and connect cover (20), the exhaust of y shape connects on the exhaust charge of cover (20) and is equiped with spray header (19), spray valve (31) and spray nozzle (32), bell jar union lever (21) are connecting manually backguy (18) and be set with guide pipe (29) outside the bodies of rod, syphon trap (28) and sleeve pipe (30).
2. according to the described two-part cooled coal gas of claim 1 generating unit, it is characterized in that, load Ball slide (27), ash pan (8) bottom are shaped on ball slip lid (26) on the pedestal of the stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire bearing (6) of two-part body of heater, between the ball slip lid (26) of the Ball slide (27) of stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire bearing body and bottom, be installed with ball (7), the stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire bearing of the thrust block formula transmission that consists of.
3. according to the described two-part cooled coal gas of claim 2 generating unit, it is characterized in that it also is provided with grate bearing (9), the periphery wall that is positioned at grate bottom pedestal of grate bearing is shaped on several ventages (10).
4. according to the described two-part cooled coal gas of claim 3 generating unit, it is characterized in that the two-part body of heater is positioned on gasification section (1-1) furnace body wall on grate top and is equiped with several phenol water jet nozzles (11).
CN 201110205423 2011-07-21 2011-07-21 Two-segment cold gas generating device Expired - Fee Related CN102295958B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110205423 CN102295958B (en) 2011-07-21 2011-07-21 Two-segment cold gas generating device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110205423 CN102295958B (en) 2011-07-21 2011-07-21 Two-segment cold gas generating device

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CN102295958B true CN102295958B (en) 2013-07-17

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105129889A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-12-09 淄博唯能新材料科技有限公司 Treatment method and device for phenol-containing water of gas generator

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101708869A (en) * 2009-12-03 2010-05-19 山东万丰煤化工设备制造有限公司 Process and device for treating phenol-containing sewage of producer gas station
CN201756539U (en) * 2010-08-03 2011-03-09 淄博强能热能环保设备有限公司 Two-section gas producer phenolic water treatment device
CN202124603U (en) * 2011-07-21 2012-01-25 沧州恒达节能环保设备制造有限公司 Two-sectional cooled coal gas generation device

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101708869A (en) * 2009-12-03 2010-05-19 山东万丰煤化工设备制造有限公司 Process and device for treating phenol-containing sewage of producer gas station
CN201756539U (en) * 2010-08-03 2011-03-09 淄博强能热能环保设备有限公司 Two-section gas producer phenolic water treatment device
CN202124603U (en) * 2011-07-21 2012-01-25 沧州恒达节能环保设备制造有限公司 Two-sectional cooled coal gas generation device

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