CN102295415A - Method for producing waste ceramic multiple layer microcrystalline glass decorative plate - Google Patents

Method for producing waste ceramic multiple layer microcrystalline glass decorative plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102295415A
CN102295415A CN2011101376865A CN201110137686A CN102295415A CN 102295415 A CN102295415 A CN 102295415A CN 2011101376865 A CN2011101376865 A CN 2011101376865A CN 201110137686 A CN201110137686 A CN 201110137686A CN 102295415 A CN102295415 A CN 102295415A
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China
Prior art keywords
layer
waste ceramic
ceramic
substrate
microcrystalline glass
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Pending
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CN2011101376865A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐明
丁向群
牛晚扬
高飞
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Shenyang Jianzhu University
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Shenyang Jianzhu University
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Priority to CN2011101376865A priority Critical patent/CN102295415A/en
Publication of CN102295415A publication Critical patent/CN102295415A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a production method for a waste ceramic multiple layer microcrystalline glass decorative plate, The substrate plate selects a low cost base-material composed of partial waste ceramic and is prepared by the following steps: selecting waste ceramic; crushing; screening; adding into a ceramic vitreous brick base-material; mixing the materials; compacting and molding; sintering; forming the waste ceramic multiple layer microcrystalline glass decorative plate. The calcium aluminum silicon micro water quenching granular microcrystalline glass materials are distributed on the substrate and sintered to form a microcrystalline glass surface layer after polishing. The invention is characterized in that the waste ceramic powder is selected to directly add in the ceramic brick base-material for producing the waste ceramic multiple layer microcrystalline glass decorative plate, the calcium aluminum silicon micro water quenching granular microcrystalline glass materials are used for a surface layer to sinter the multiple layer microcrystalline glass decorative plate with low cost. Because the substrate has no special requirement to the components of the waste ceramic, the waste ceramic from the ceramic enterprises can be used for directly adding into the substrate base-material, thereby the multiple layer microcrystalline glass decorative plate with different quality requirement can be produced which reduces the cost of the microcrystalline glass and recovers the waste ceramic.

Description

The production method of the multiple layer of waste ceramic crystallizing glass decoration board
Technical field
Patent of the present invention relates to a kind of preparation method of building and ornament materials, is specifically related to a kind of waste ceramic that utilizes and produces high-quality building microcrystalline glass decorative sheet, reduces the preparation technology of building microcrystalline glass material cost.
Background technology
Devitrified glass is a kind of building material that comprehensive glass, stone material technical development are got up.It has the soft texture of lithotome, water-intake rate is almost nil, weather resistance and resistance to crocking are very strong, folding strength is 3 times of lithotome, cladding cost reduces greatly, can be processed into arc, the radioactivity problem of no lithotome etc., these superiority make it be widely used in airport, luxurious hotel, the contour shunting yard of commercial building institute.At present, everybody generally acknowledges that devitrified glass is a kind of building and ornament materials of top grade.Higher manufacturing cost has restricted the widespread use of decorative devitrified glass material, therefore, reduces the cost of devitrified glass, is lot of domestic and foreign researchist's striving direction and target, and has obtained certain achievement.
The method that reduces building microcrystalline glass material manufacturing cost has a lot, and reducing the base-material cost is a kind of effective means.Mainly contain three kinds at present, first kind is to utilize cullet to reduce devitrified glass base-material cost, as the patent No. 200410104277.5, application number is the patent of 200610069036.0 (open day on March 7th, 2007) and CN101186444A, cullet pulverized add an amount of nucleus agent behind the ball milling, base-material as devitrified glass, press the production technique of devitrified glass, make the decorative devitrified glass material through the thermal treatment crystallization, though these methods have reduced certain cost, but increased the selection of cullet, clean, operations such as pulverizing and ball milling, the cost that singly adds the nucleus agent is also higher, and the devitrified glass aspect of performance of preparation is still undesirable.Second method is to utilize industrial residues such as flyash or CHARACTERISTICS OF TAILINGS SAND to substitute the raw material that the part devitrified glass is made, as number of patent application 03111105.X (open day on August 6th, 2003) number of patent application 200610032704.2 (open day on May 25th, 2005), patent is through the adjustment of food ingredient, in melting furnaces, prepare the glass metal that meets the requirement of devitrified glass composition, make the devitrified glass base-material through the stream material, again base-material is made microcrystal glass material through the thermal treatment crystallization.Though utilize flyash and CHARACTERISTICS OF TAILINGS SAND feedstock production devitrified glass to reduce the base-material cost, raw material high temperature melting process energy consumption is still very high, the color of finished product is darker in addition, is generally brownish black, has lost the soft texture of lithotome, has influenced decorative effect.The third method is to adopt the method for multiple layer devitrified glass to reduce cost, patent as number of patent application CN03202696.X (open day on April 7th, 2004) is divided into composition board inside and outside two-layer, internal layer is a ceramic tile, and skin is a microcrystal glass plate, but adopts the dissolving layer bonding to form.This patent still need be very expensive aspect the processing devitrified glass sheet.The patent of number of patent application CN200620089157.7 (open day on May 9th, 2007) is divided into three layers with composition board, and the middle layer is a ceramic layer, and upper and lower surface is a glass-ceramic layer, and glass-ceramic layer is through being sintered to fix on ceramic idiosome.Its production cost is still than higher.
Summary of the invention
The production method that the purpose of this invention is to provide the multiple layer of a kind of waste ceramic crystallizing glass decoration board, directly utilize the waste ceramic of ceramic industry, solve the pollution problem of waste ceramic to environment, can significantly reduce the devitrified glass production cost, the economical with materials resource reduces energy consumption in sintering procedure simultaneously.The product physical and mechanical property is good, anti-pollution degree height, good endurance, environmental protection, "dead" harm.
The present invention makes full use of the manufacturing cost of the waste ceramic reduction building microcrystalline glass material of ceramic industry, ceramic substrate material to multiple layer devitrified glass improves, directly will crush and screen the suitably waste ceramic particle of granularity of processing back, add to by a certain percentage in the material of substrate, compression moulding after mixing, make substrate through sintering, scattering calcium aluminium silicon on substrate is the granular devitrified glass bulk cargo of little shrend, forms multiple layer devitrified glass after the sintering crystallization.After polishing, make the multiple layer of waste ceramic crystallizing glass decoration board.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
1), waste ceramic is chosen, pulverized and sieve by different sorts, it is standby to make granularity reach 200 purpose powders;
2), the preparation of substrate, be that 3-8:2-7 mixes with the part by weight with waste ceramic powder and ceramic tile base-material, batch mixing stirs back compression moulding, becomes the multiple layer of a waste ceramic crystallite glass substrate behind sintering;
3), distribution calcium aluminium silicon is the granular devitrified glass bulk cargo of little shrend on substrate, the fusing on ceramic substrate of devitrified glass material, levelling, crystallization; The waste ceramic substrate thickness of making finished product is 7~20mm, and the thickness of devitrified glass surface layer is 1~5mm;
4) the multiple layer of the waste ceramic behind kiln discharge devitrified glass is finished product through cutting, strickling, polishing and polishing after the oven dry.
Positively effect of the present invention:
1), significantly reduces the devitrified glass cost.Compare with crystallite glass composite plate with at present general devitrified glass,, the cost of multiple layer devitrified glass is significantly reduced owing to directly utilized part waste ceramic powder to prepare substrate.
Waste ceramic is chosen, is pulverized and sieve by different sorts, granularity reaches 200 purpose powder costs and only is 80 yuan/ton, behind 70% ratio adding ceramic tile raw material, the 15mm thick substrate factory cost of burning till is 12 yuan/square metre, and surface thickness is that the engineering cost of the crystallite glass composite plate of 3mm is 50 yuan/square metre.The economic benefit highly significant.
2), physical and mechanical property is good
Bending strength reaches more than the 40MPa, and water-intake rate is 0.09%, and thermal expansivity is 6.5 * 10 -6/ K, it is acidproof, alkaline-resisting etc., and index is compared with the building microcrystalline glass of routine, does not change substantially, has kept the fine quality of supporting crystallizing glass decoration board.Aspects such as its surface abrasion resistance and hardness are better than lithotomes such as grouan and marble, anti-pollution degree height, good endurance.
3), environmental protection
Not having the radiological hazard of lithotome, is that modern architecture is decorated, the material of construction of a kind of environment-friendly type of finishing.Directly utilize the waste ceramic of ceramic industry, solved the pollution problem of waste ceramic, saved material resources simultaneously, in sintering procedure, reduced energy consumption environment.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1: the multiple layer of the low cost microcrystal glass material that waste ceramic content is lower
After the waste ceramic selection, pulverizing and sieve, make waste ceramic powder degree reach 200 orders, in 7 parts of ceramic base-materials of part by weight, add 3 parts of waste ceramic powder of part by weight, batch mixing stirs back compression moulding, become the multiple layer of waste ceramic crystallite glass substrate behind conventional sintering, the thick 9mm that is controlled at is thick for substrate.Scattering calcium aluminium silicon on substrate is the granular devitrified glass bulk cargo of little shrend, forms glass-ceramic layer, and 3mm is thick for the control glass-ceramic layer, the fusing on ceramic substrate of devitrified glass material, levelling, crystallization in the devitrified glass calcining kiln; The crystallization treatment temp is 850 ℃~950 ℃, and the time is 2 hours.Burn till, behind the crystallization kiln discharge, cutting, strickling, polishing and polished finish through routine are finished product after the oven dry.
The multiple layer of the described waste ceramic of present embodiment crystallizing glass decoration board is not only applicable to the building microcrystalline glass decorative sheet, is applicable to the microcrystal glass plate of other purposes yet.
Embodiment 2: the multiple layer of the low cost microcrystal glass material that waste ceramic content is higher
After the waste ceramic selection, pulverizing and sieve, make waste ceramic powder degree reach 200 orders, the waste ceramic powder that in the ceramic base-material of 2 parts of part by weight, adds 8 parts of part by weight, batch mixing stirs back compression moulding, become the multiple layer of waste ceramic crystallite glass substrate behind conventional sintering, the thick 15mm that is controlled at is thick for substrate.Scattering calcium aluminium silicon on substrate is the granular devitrified glass bulk cargo of little shrend, forms glass-ceramic layer, and 5mm is thick for the control glass-ceramic layer, the fusing on ceramic substrate of devitrified glass material, levelling, crystallization in the devitrified glass calcining kiln; Burn till, the crystallization treatment temp is 850 ℃~950 ℃, and the time is 2 hours.Burn till, behind the crystallization kiln discharge, cutting, strickling, polishing and polished finish through routine are finished product after the oven dry.
The multiple layer of the described waste ceramic of present embodiment crystallizing glass decoration board is not only applicable to the building microcrystalline glass decorative sheet, is applicable to the microcrystal glass plate of other purposes yet.
The multiple layer of waste ceramic of the present invention crystallizing glass decoration board main performance index test result is as follows:
Density: 2.62g/cm 3
Diffuse reflectance: 89%;
Bending strength: 42.5MPa;
Water-intake rate: 0.09%;
Thermal expansivity: 6.5 * 10 -6/ K;
Indexs such as it is acidproof, alkaline-resisting are compared with the building microcrystalline glass of routine, basic not variation.After a multiple layer devitrified glass smashed, do not see that devitrified glass and ceramic matrix peel off the phenomenon generation.

Claims (2)

1. the production method of the multiple layer of waste ceramic crystallizing glass decoration board is characterized in that:
1), waste ceramic is chosen, pulverized and sieve by different sorts, it is standby to make granularity reach 200 purpose powders;
2), the preparation of substrate, be that 3-8:2-7 mixes with the part by weight with waste ceramic powder and ceramic tile base-material, batch mixing stirs back compression moulding, becomes the multiple layer of a waste ceramic crystallite glass substrate behind sintering;
3), distribution calcium aluminium silicon is the granular devitrified glass bulk cargo of little shrend on substrate, the fusing on ceramic substrate of devitrified glass material, levelling, crystallization;
4) the multiple layer of the waste ceramic behind kiln discharge devitrified glass is finished product through cutting, strickling, polishing and polishing after the oven dry.
2. the production method of the multiple layer of waste ceramic according to claim 1 crystallizing glass decoration board, it is characterized in that: the waste ceramic substrate thickness of making finished product is 7~20mm, the thickness of devitrified glass surface layer is 1~5mm.
CN2011101376865A 2011-05-26 2011-05-26 Method for producing waste ceramic multiple layer microcrystalline glass decorative plate Pending CN102295415A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103978747A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-13 德化县太阳鸟工艺品有限公司 Ceramic product prepared from waste ceramics and preparation method thereof
CN110981194A (en) * 2019-12-18 2020-04-10 中郡庄艺(泉州)新材料有限公司 Microcrystalline glass using ceramic waste blank as raw material and preparation method thereof

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1648090A (en) * 2004-12-20 2005-08-03 大连交通大学 Method for preparing micro crystal glass plate for building using waste glass
CN101445325A (en) * 2008-12-25 2009-06-03 广东博德精工建材有限公司 Method for producing microcrystalline glass-ceramics composite board with novel microcrystalline phase
CN101498398A (en) * 2008-12-25 2009-08-05 萧华 Super large specification porous ceramic plate and method for manufacturing the same

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1648090A (en) * 2004-12-20 2005-08-03 大连交通大学 Method for preparing micro crystal glass plate for building using waste glass
CN101445325A (en) * 2008-12-25 2009-06-03 广东博德精工建材有限公司 Method for producing microcrystalline glass-ceramics composite board with novel microcrystalline phase
CN101498398A (en) * 2008-12-25 2009-08-05 萧华 Super large specification porous ceramic plate and method for manufacturing the same

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103978747A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-13 德化县太阳鸟工艺品有限公司 Ceramic product prepared from waste ceramics and preparation method thereof
CN103978747B (en) * 2014-05-29 2016-03-16 德化县太阳鸟工艺品有限公司 Ceramic made by waste old ceramics and preparation method thereof
CN110981194A (en) * 2019-12-18 2020-04-10 中郡庄艺(泉州)新材料有限公司 Microcrystalline glass using ceramic waste blank as raw material and preparation method thereof

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