CN102294346A - Pretreatment device for kitchen garbage - Google Patents

Pretreatment device for kitchen garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102294346A
CN102294346A CN2011101942783A CN201110194278A CN102294346A CN 102294346 A CN102294346 A CN 102294346A CN 2011101942783 A CN2011101942783 A CN 2011101942783A CN 201110194278 A CN201110194278 A CN 201110194278A CN 102294346 A CN102294346 A CN 102294346A
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China
Prior art keywords
storehouse
moulding
food waste
changing food
casing
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CN2011101942783A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102294346B (en
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张仁尔
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张仁尔
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Priority to CN201110194278.3A priority Critical patent/CN102294346B/en
Publication of CN102294346A publication Critical patent/CN102294346A/en
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Publication of CN102294346B publication Critical patent/CN102294346B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention relates to a pretreatment device for kitchen garbage. The device consists of a box and stents, a material bucket arranged between the left and right stents and separated into a moulding chamber and a crushing chamber by a pressure plate, a transverse discharging pressure plate is provided in the moulding chamber, a baffle board positioned at the lower part of the moulding chamber, a feeding port disposed at the upper right of the crushing chamber, an AC (alternating current) dynamo and a decelerator that are mounted under the material bucket and are in connection with the crushing chamber and the moulding chamber through a chain gear rotation instrument connected to a cutterhead by a screw, an electromagnetic clutch installed on the chain gear rotation instrument, a discharging box fixed on the left of a box bottom board, and a water receiving box on the right side of the discharging box. With the device of the invention, on-site garbage treatment can be realized, and after the processes of crushing, dehydration, moulding, high temperature disinfection and peculiar smell removal, no environmental pollution can be caused. Meanwhile, providing raw materials for the resource utilization of kitchen garbage, the device provided in the invention has the advantages of convenient usage, high efficiency and cleanliness, as well as low operation cost.

Description

The changing food waste pretreatment unit
Technical field
The invention belongs to the garbage disposal field, be specifically related to a kind of changing food waste pretreatment unit.
Background technology
Changing food waste is the sanitary waste that the resident forms in the personal consumption process, and the dining room of residential block, restaurant, various enterprises and institutions is its places of concentrating discharging.The general food residues that produces in food processing process is called " kitchen is surplus ", and ' and the food residues after diet consumption is called " hogwash ".The former composition is mainly dish leaf, pericarp, carbohydrate content height; Latter's starch, protein, fat are main, also show high salinity, the heavy characteristics of free state fat simultaneously, easily for microorganism utilizes, and the moisture content height.
For a long time, changing food waste, and finds new outlets by market channel always as the feed of live pig voluntarily in China.There are a lot of problems in this processing mode: 1, msw water content is higher, and flowability is bigger, is very easy to leak, and causes secondary pollution, and evil is given birth to a large amount of mosquitos and flies, influences environmental sanitation; 2, garbage truck has a strong impact on daily traffic in city and contaminated environment; 3, these rubbish are without any processing, and what have is just rotten in transit, and the sanitary conditions of feeding pig cause anxiety, the generation that causes diseases such as aftosa easily with spread.From 2000, Beijing and Shanghai are successively prohibited the tricycle of clearing this class rubbish and are gone down town, the outlet of changing food waste has become a headachy difficult problem, in addition, the resident that many house refuses are stacked around the field arrives in these places raisings with pig and livestock and poultry, therefore having eaten " rubbish pig " and the livestock and poultry of the rubbish that rots, will be the root that gives rise to diseases and infect.
Changing food waste deposit, collect, in transhipment and the disposal process, higher because of its moisture content and content of organics, rot smelly very easily in the short period of time and grow mosquitos and flies etc., cause certain harm to urban environment and people are healthy.The method of disposal of municipal refuse has usually burns and landfill, if domestic waste is burned, since the moisture of changing food waste usually up to about 90%, calorific value is about 2100KJ/kg-3000KJ/kg, burn together with other rubbish, the caloric value that not only can not satisfy waste incineration and generating electricity requires (about 5000KJ/kg) can cause incinerator to burn insufficient and materials such as generation bioxin on the contrary; If house refuse is carried out landfill, can should not handle because the changing food waste moisture of sneaking into is high equally.And burning, landfill all can cause the waste of large amount of organic.On the contrary, harmless treatment just can be turned waste into wealth, be turned bane into boon if changing food waste passes through science high temperature.But the protein feeds pasture of being processed into by changing food waste, the swill grease that extracts can be used as the auxiliary material of soap, paint, foreign material after the refinement can be processed into agricultural fertilizer, this has just added more market business opportunity, become a kind of urban resource that can recycling, the changing food waste that had so both received the discharging unit to produce has also reduced the pollution to urban environment, also can obtain considerable economic in the long term.Therefore changing food waste is necessary to carry out individual treated.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of changing food waste pretreatment unit, easy to use, high-efficiency cleaning, operating cost is low, can just it be disposed in that the generation of rubbish is on-the-spot, can not cause any pollution, for the resource of changing food waste provides pretreated feedstock environment.
The objective of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of changing food waste pretreatment unit, comprise the casing that has four rolling and be arranged on the interior support of casing, be horizontally arranged with charging basket on the support, the charging basket left end is provided with movable end cover, movable end cover is provided with pressure signal device, the charging basket rear side is provided with propulsion electric machine, be provided with the holding pad that the surface has some apertures in the charging basket, the holding pad right side is provided with cutterhead, holding pad is divided into left and right sides two parts with charging basket, and the left side is the moulding storehouse, and the right side is for pulverizing the storehouse, be provided with horizontal discharging pressing plate in the moulding storehouse, bottom, moulding storehouse is provided with equally distributed apopore, and water fender is equipped with in below, moulding storehouse, pulverizes the upper right side, storehouse and is provided with dog-house, described charging basket below is provided with alternating current generator and decelerator, alternating current generator is connected with the moulding storehouse with the pulverizing storehouse by the sprocket tumbler with decelerator, and the sprocket tumbler is connected with described cutterhead by screw rod, and the sprocket tumbler is provided with electromagnetic clutch, described box bottom left side is fixed with unloads magazine, unloads the magazine right side and is provided with water spilage tray.
Described dog-house is positioned at the position relative with box cover.
Described box cover is provided with touch-screen and shows key device.
Described sprocket tumbler comprises the screw mandrel screw rod, and the screw mandrel screw rod passes holding pad, extend in the moulding storehouse.
Described alternating current generator and decelerator are by being bolted on the nail, and the power of alternating current generator is 400W.
Described water spilage tray is fixed on the box bottom, and links to each other with described water fender, and water spilage tray is provided with drainpipe.
Described changing food waste pretreatment unit is by the work of two appliance controling plate control overall work programs and each parts.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: can just it be disposed at the rubbish scene of taking place, can not appear at the place that takes place outside the place, no longer environment be caused any pollution; The roller of bottom of device makes it easy to move, and is easy to use, and operating cost is lower; This device has functions such as pulverizing, dehydration, sterilization, compression moulding, the multifunctional all of implement device; For the resource of changing food waste provides cleaning raw material, utilize again for the resource of environmental protection and changing food waste and played important function.
Description of drawings
With reference to the accompanying drawings the present invention is described in further detail below.
Fig. 1 is the front view of the described changing food waste pretreatment unit of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of the described changing food waste pretreatment unit of the embodiment of the invention.
Among the figure:
1, casing; 2, support; 3, charging basket; 4, movable end cover; 5, pressure signal device; 6, propulsion electric machine; 7, holding pad; 8, cutterhead; 9, screw rod; 10, moulding storehouse; 11, pulverize the storehouse; 12, discharging pressing plate; 13, water fender; 14, dog-house; 15 alternating current generators; 16, decelerator; 17, sprocket tumbler; 18, electromagnetic clutch; 19, unload magazine; 20, water spilage tray; 21, touch-screen shows key device; 22, screw mandrel screw rod; 23, drainpipe.
The specific embodiment
Shown in Fig. 1-2, the described a kind of changing food waste pretreatment unit of the embodiment of the invention, comprise the casing 1 that has four rolling and be arranged on the interior support 2 of casing, be horizontally arranged with charging basket 3 on the support 2, charging basket 3 left ends are provided with movable end cover 4, movable end cover 4 is provided with pressure signal device 5, charging basket 3 rear sides are provided with propulsion electric machine 6, be provided with the holding pad 7 that the surface has some apertures in the charging basket 3, holding pad 7 right sides are provided with cutterhead 8, holding pad 7 is divided into left and right sides two parts with charging basket 3, the left side is moulding storehouse 10, the right side is for pulverizing storehouse 11, be provided with horizontal discharging pressing plate 12 in the moulding storehouse 10,10 bottoms, moulding storehouse are provided with equally distributed apopore, water fender 13 is equipped with in 10 belows, moulding storehouse, pulverize 11 upper right side, storehouse and be provided with dog-house 14, described charging basket 3 belows are provided with alternating current generator 15 and decelerator 16, alternating current generator 15 is connected with moulding storehouse 10 with pulverizing storehouse 11 by sprocket tumbler 17 with decelerator 16, sprocket tumbler 17 is connected with described cutterhead 8 by screw rod 9, sprocket tumbler 17 is provided with electromagnetic clutch 18, and described casing 1 base plate left side is fixed with unloads magazine 19, unloads magazine 19 right sides and is provided with water spilage tray 20.
Described dog-house 14 is the round speaker shape and is positioned at and the relative position of casing 1 loam cake.Cover on the described casing 1 and be provided with the apparent key device 21 of touch-screen.Described sprocket tumbler 17 comprises screw mandrel screw rod 22, and screw mandrel screw rod 22 passes holding pad 7, extend in the moulding storehouse 10.Described alternating current generator 15 and decelerator 16 are by being bolted on the support 2, and the power of alternating current generator 15 is 400W.Described water spilage tray 20 is fixed on casing 1 base plate, and links to each other with described water fender 13, and water spilage tray 20 is provided with drainpipe 23.Described water spilage tray is fixed on the box bottom, and links to each other with described water fender, and water spilage tray is provided with drainpipe.
The round speaker shape structure of dog-house 14 makes changing food waste be unlikely to too much to make the pulverizing cutterhead stuck because of once dropping into.After changing food waste drops into pulverizing storehouse 11 by dog-house 14, show key device 21 by touch-screen, employing artificial intelligence starts, the screw rod of pulverizing in the storehouse 11 9 is pulverized by screw rod 9 horizontal 8 pairs of rubbish of cutterhead that advance by the rotating band moving gear transmission of alternating current generator 15, when particle reaches the 8-10 order, these granular changing food wastes are put into moulding storehouse 10 automatically by aperture default on the holding pad 7, the rubbish in moulding storehouse 10 reaches the centrifugal dehumidifier that turns round voluntarily when setting value, engagement by 1400R/min, driving screw mandrel screw rod 22 rotates, laterally advance holding pad 7, pulverize finishing and itself protein of the garbage utilization of dehydration, compositions such as starch are squeezed into shape how much, in the rubbish moulding, start the propulsion electric machine 6 on 10 sides, moulding storehouse, moulding rubbish is carried out high-temperature sterilization and evaporation residual moisture, when the discharging pressing plate 12 promotion pressure in moulding storehouse 10 reach certain numerical value, pressure signal device 5 sends signal, open movable end cover 4 by propulsion electric machine 6, discharging pressing plate 12 advances the rubbish block after the moulding, unload magazine 19 thereby fall into, swill etc. then take back water spilage tray 20 by water fender 13 and discharge by drainpipe 23.
Described changing food waste pretreatment unit is by the work of two appliance controling plate control overall work programs and each parts.Show key device by touch-screen, adopt artificial intelligence to start, the residue process is selected to finish or standby according to material conditions.Behind the pulverizing of changing food waste process, dehydration, moulding, high-temperature sterilization and the removal peculiar smell, no longer environment is caused any pollution, supply raw materials for the resource of changing food waste simultaneously, compare with previous treating apparatus, easy to use, high-efficiency cleaning and operating cost are lower.

Claims (6)

1. changing food waste pretreatment unit, comprise the casing (1) that has four rolling and be arranged on the interior support (2) of casing (1), it is characterized in that: be horizontally arranged with charging basket (3) on the support (2), charging basket (3) left end is provided with movable end cover (4), movable end cover (4) is provided with pressure signal device (5), charging basket (3) rear side is provided with propulsion electric machine (6), is provided with the holding pad (7) that the surface has some apertures in the charging basket (3), and holding pad (7) right side is provided with cutterhead (8); Holding pad (7) is divided into left and right sides two parts with charging basket (3), wherein left part is moulding storehouse (10), the right side is divided into pulverizes storehouse (11), be provided with horizontal discharging pressing plate (12) in the moulding storehouse (10), bottom, moulding storehouse (10) is provided with equally distributed apopore, water fender (13) is equipped with in below, moulding storehouse (10), pulverizes upper right side, storehouse (11) and is provided with dog-house (14); Described charging basket (3) below is provided with alternating current generator (15) and decelerator (16), alternating current generator (15) is connected with moulding storehouse (10) with pulverizing storehouse (11) by sprocket tumbler (17) with decelerator (16), sprocket tumbler (17) is connected with described cutterhead (8) by screw rod (9), sprocket tumbler (17) is provided with electromagnetic clutch (18), described casing (1) base plate left side is fixed with unloads magazine (19), unloads magazine (19) right side and is provided with water spilage tray (20).
2. changing food waste pretreatment unit according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described dog-house (14) is positioned at and the relative position of casing (1) loam cake.
3. changing food waste pretreatment unit according to claim 2 is characterized in that: cover on the described casing (1) and be provided with the apparent key device (21) of touch-screen.
4. changing food waste pretreatment unit according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described sprocket tumbler (17) comprises screw mandrel screw rod (22), and screw mandrel screw rod (22) passes holding pad (7), extend in the moulding storehouse (10).
5. changing food waste pretreatment unit according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described alternating current generator (15) and decelerator (16) are by being bolted on the support (2).
6. according to each described changing food waste pretreatment unit of claim 1-5, it is characterized in that: described water spilage tray (20) is fixed on casing (1) base plate and with described water fender (13) and links to each other, and water spilage tray (20) is provided with drainpipe (23).
CN201110194278.3A 2011-07-11 2011-07-11 Pretreatment device for kitchen garbage Expired - Fee Related CN102294346B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN102294346B CN102294346B (en) 2015-03-25

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103084372A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-05-08 苏州韩博厨房电器科技有限公司 Industrial refuse processor
CN103521498A (en) * 2012-07-04 2014-01-22 宁波市镇海捷登应用技术研究所 Vegetable market garbage disposer
CN104138892A (en) * 2014-08-18 2014-11-12 张可池 Cupboard device capable of instantly treating household garbage
CN104256876A (en) * 2014-10-13 2015-01-07 丁待晴 Device for utilizing leftover to make granulated feed and making method thereof
CN107696557A (en) * 2017-11-15 2018-02-16 宁波家禾节能科技有限公司 One kind saves quick equipment for separating liquid from solid
CN110538860A (en) * 2019-09-10 2019-12-06 阜阳金亮园林绿化工程有限公司 Garbage disposal device for environmental protection engineering
CN110624668A (en) * 2019-11-01 2019-12-31 张硕 Prevent useless solid compaction device for refuse treatment that peculiar smell gived off

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07195198A (en) * 1993-12-29 1995-08-01 Nobuyuki Kiko Kk Garbage compression disposer
JPH1052680A (en) * 1996-08-09 1998-02-24 Masato Eguchi Method and apparatus for treating raw refuse
CN2503964Y (en) * 2001-05-14 2002-08-07 王仁泉 Squeezing swill dewatering machine
JP2003047877A (en) * 2001-08-03 2003-02-18 Inax Corp Garbage storage device
CN201211526Y (en) * 2008-05-27 2009-03-25 北京恒业村科技有限公司 Processing equipment for pulverizing kitchen solid rubbish
CN101664754A (en) * 2009-06-21 2010-03-10 陈兆红 Food residue disposal

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07195198A (en) * 1993-12-29 1995-08-01 Nobuyuki Kiko Kk Garbage compression disposer
JPH1052680A (en) * 1996-08-09 1998-02-24 Masato Eguchi Method and apparatus for treating raw refuse
CN2503964Y (en) * 2001-05-14 2002-08-07 王仁泉 Squeezing swill dewatering machine
JP2003047877A (en) * 2001-08-03 2003-02-18 Inax Corp Garbage storage device
CN201211526Y (en) * 2008-05-27 2009-03-25 北京恒业村科技有限公司 Processing equipment for pulverizing kitchen solid rubbish
CN101664754A (en) * 2009-06-21 2010-03-10 陈兆红 Food residue disposal

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103521498A (en) * 2012-07-04 2014-01-22 宁波市镇海捷登应用技术研究所 Vegetable market garbage disposer
CN103084372A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-05-08 苏州韩博厨房电器科技有限公司 Industrial refuse processor
CN104138892A (en) * 2014-08-18 2014-11-12 张可池 Cupboard device capable of instantly treating household garbage
CN104138892B (en) * 2014-08-18 2016-03-02 张可池 A kind of Kitchen cabinet device of instant process house refuse
CN104256876A (en) * 2014-10-13 2015-01-07 丁待晴 Device for utilizing leftover to make granulated feed and making method thereof
CN104256876B (en) * 2014-10-13 2016-07-06 丁待晴 A kind of device utilizing leftover to prepare pellet and preparation method
CN107696557A (en) * 2017-11-15 2018-02-16 宁波家禾节能科技有限公司 One kind saves quick equipment for separating liquid from solid
CN110538860A (en) * 2019-09-10 2019-12-06 阜阳金亮园林绿化工程有限公司 Garbage disposal device for environmental protection engineering
CN110624668A (en) * 2019-11-01 2019-12-31 张硕 Prevent useless solid compaction device for refuse treatment that peculiar smell gived off

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