CN102293381A - Instant asparagus powder - Google Patents

Instant asparagus powder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102293381A
CN102293381A CN2011102785898A CN201110278589A CN102293381A CN 102293381 A CN102293381 A CN 102293381A CN 2011102785898 A CN2011102785898 A CN 2011102785898A CN 201110278589 A CN201110278589 A CN 201110278589A CN 102293381 A CN102293381 A CN 102293381A
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China
Prior art keywords
asparagus
instant
powder
extracting solution
content
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CN2011102785898A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102293381B (en
Inventor
黄云祥
彭友舜
高颜祥
王曼
王杰
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秦皇岛长胜农业科技发展有限公司
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Priority to CN2011102785898A priority Critical patent/CN102293381B/en
Publication of CN102293381A publication Critical patent/CN102293381A/en
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Publication of CN102293381B publication Critical patent/CN102293381B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses instant asparagus powder. A preparation method comprises the following steps of: crushing fresh asparagus, dried asparagus or old asparagus stems and asparagus straws which are taken as raw materials, adding water in an amount which is 0.5 to 20 times the volume of the crushed raw materials, soaking for 10 to 60 minutes, boiling for 15 to 120 minutes by the conventional or high-pressure or ultrasonic method to obtain an extracting solution, performing vacuum concentration on the extracting solution until the content of a solid is 10 to 50 percent, cooling for 10 to 200 minutes at the temperature below 15 DEG C, centrifuging to obtain a concentrated extracting solution, adding malto dextrin in an amount which accounts for 0 to 200 percent of the content of a dry substance of the concentrated extracting solution into the concentrated extracting solution, and spray-drying or freeze-drying at the temperature of between 140 and 190 DEG C until the water content is less than or equal to 5 percent so as to obtain the instant asparagus powder. Through the medical test, when 0.5g of asparagus powder of which the content of asparagus saponin is over 15 percent is eaten everyday, the effects of improving immunity, regulating blood pressure and blood fat, and removing fatigue of human bodies can be achieved.

Description

A kind of instant asparagus powder
Technical field
The present invention relates to natural plant extracts.Be a kind of instant asparagus powder specifically, can be widely used in the raw material of health food and medicine, cosmetics.
Background technology
At present, the asparagus converted products mainly comprises: asparagus preservation product class (primary processed items), asparagus deep processed product class, asparagus health care medical product class.Asparagus preservation product mainly comprises canned asparagus spear, cold storing and fresh-keeping asparagus, quick-frozen asparagus etc., and these are still main form processing now.The amount of asparagus deep processing is very little, for example chewing tablet of asparagus, asparagus beverage, asparagus preserved fruit, asparagus wine, asparagus pickles, asparagus sugar etc.The functional component of asparagus health care medical product class mainly contains flavonoids, rutin, polysaccharide, saponin(e, free amino acid, high activity dietary fiber from asparagus peel etc.They progressively are being used widely in industries such as health food, medicine, cosmetics, the oral ball of asparagus that the aloof Food Co., Ltd of asparagus oral liquor, Fujian Dongshan County that produces as Xianyang Hui Yuan pollution-free food Co., Ltd produces etc.Not carrying out the pharmaceutical production producer that deep processing directly utilizes the asparagus leftover bits and pieces to make has 51 families, and major product has asparagus capsule, asparagus syrup, asparagus particle, Aspargus Granule, the peaceful sheet of breast etc.The asparagus medicine advances people's clinical testing and practical application, obtained remarkable result, pure natural antineoplastic-Aspargus Granule the electuary of Pharmacuetical Plant of Huaxi Medical Univ. development for example, this medicine has been got permission the font size certification, take for a long time and have no side effect, have and improve immune function of human body, antitumor, diuresis, expansion peripheral vessel, strengthen myocardial contraction, improve effect such as liver function, be applicable to the supplemental treatment of multiple cancer.According to national cancer therapy drug evaluation criterion Aspargus Granule is evaluated, total effective rate is more than 75%.Chinese patent drug asparagus particle is carrying out allowing the patient add simultaneously in the MVP chemotherapy to primary lung cancer, proved and can obviously improve clinical effective rate, cancer kitchen range remission rate, life quality.The peaceful sheet (asparagus sheet) of the breast that Hangzhou produces, the lobular hyperplasia of treatment female breast is efficient to reach 83.8%.Yet, effectively utilize fresh asparagus, dried asparagus or old stalk of asparagus, asparagus stalk for raw material extracts instant asparagus powder, be a very promising exploration project.
Asparagus has the health-care effect of control cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease and pre-anti-cancer.Long-term edible asparagus can be improved body's immunity, eliminates human-body fatigue disease, and is all effective in cure to diseases such as hypertension, artery sclerosis, heart disease, hepatitis, cirrhosis, ephritis, oedema, cystitis.Asparagus is in great demand in developed countries such as Japan, the U.S., Canada, European various countries as cancer-preventing health food very much.
At present, it is that the research that raw material extracts instant asparagus powder also is in the starting stage that China uses fresh asparagus, dried asparagus or old stalk of asparagus, asparagus stalk, finds no the bibliographical information that closes instant asparagus powder and production technology thereof in this respect.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of instant asparagus powder, effectively utilize fresh asparagus, dried asparagus or old stalk of asparagus, asparagus stalk for raw material extracts instant asparagus powder, it is widely used in industries such as health food, medicine, cosmetics.
Technical scheme of the present invention is to realize by the following method:
1, it is former selecting fresh asparagus, dried asparagus or old stalk of asparagus, asparagus stalk for use
Material is put into the ultrasonic wave extractor after pulverizer is pulverized, add water logging bubble 10-60 minute of 0.5-20 times of volume, boils 15-120 minute with routine or high pressure or supercritical ultrasonics technology, obtains extract;
2, the extract of step 1 is put into the vacuum concentration pot vacuum and be concentrated into solid content and reach 10-50%, through cooling below 15 ℃ 10-200 minute, centrifuge was centrifugal, obtains concentrated extracting solution;
3, the concentrated extracting solution after centrifugal adds the maltodextrin of 0-200% by its dry matter content with step 2, and spray-dried tower 140-190 ℃ spray-drying or freeze-drying make instant asparagus powder to moisture≤5%.
In the present invention, the temperature of spray-drying the best is at 160 ℃.
Among the present invention, the interpolation maltodextrin ratio of indication, dry back moisture is all calculated by weight percentage.
The composition asparagus saponin(e, polysaccharide, polyphenol, the flavones that contain in the instant asparagus powder that adopts fresh asparagus to make among the present invention, its content reach respectively 〉=15.0%, 〉=8.0%, 〉=3.0%, 〉=2.0%.
Equally, adopting composition asparagus saponin(e, polysaccharide, polyphenol, flavones in the instant asparagus powder that dried asparagus makes, its content reaches respectively 〉=7.5%, 〉=4.0%, 〉=1.5%, 〉=1.0%.
Characteristics of the present invention be every day the edible asparagus saponin content that contains reach asparagus powder 0.5g 15% or more, can improve immunity, regulate the blood pressure blood fat, the effect of elimination human-body fatigue.
For demonstrating fully good effect of the present invention, utilize every technical indicator of instant asparagus powder to be illustrated, see Table 1-3:
Table 1 organoleptic indicator
Project Requirement
Color and luster Brown, the color and luster uniformity
Tissue morphology The homogeneous powder powder is homogeneous transparent liquid after reconstituting, leaving standstill the back does not have precipitation
Smell and flavour The original taste of asparagus must not have peculiar smell
Impurity Appearance and inside all do not have the visible exogenous impurity of naked eyes
Table 2 physical and chemical index
Table 3 microbiological indicator
Project Index
Total plate count/(CFU/g)≤ 1000
Coliform/(MPN/100g)≤ 30
Mould/(CFU/g)≤ 50
Pathogenic bacteria (salmonella, Shigella, staphylococcus aureus) Must not detect
Usage and dosage: the instant asparagus powder 0.5-1.0 of edible at every turn asparagus saponin content 〉=15% or more restrains every day 1 time, warm boiled water.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
1, with the fresh asparagus be raw material, put into the ultrasonic wave extractor after pulverizer is pulverized, the water logging that adds 1.5 times of volumes was then steeped 60 minutes, and supercritical ultrasonics technology was boiled 60 minutes, obtained extract;
2, extract is put into vacuum concentration pot, vacuum is concentrated into solid content and reaches 15%, and through 15 ℃ of coolings 200 minutes, centrifuge was centrifugal, makes concentrated extracting solution;
3, with 160 ℃ of spray-dryings of the spray-dried tower of the concentrate after centrifugal to moisture≤5%, obtain instant asparagus powder.
The content of the composition asparagus saponin(e in the instant asparagus powder of the present invention, polysaccharide, polyphenol, flavones reaches respectively 〉=15.0%, 〉=8.0%, 〉=3.0%, 〉=2.0%.
In above-mentioned, related production equipment is food-grade stainless steel production equipment.
Embodiment 2
1. be raw material with dried asparagus, put into the high pressure extraction jar after pulverizer is pulverized, the water logging bubble that adds 15 times of volumes then obtained extract in 60 minutes, and high pressure boiled 15 minutes;
2. extract is put into vacuum concentration pot and be concentrated into solid content and reach more than 10%, through 15 ℃ of coolings 100 minutes, cooling back centrifuge was centrifugal, makes concentrated extracting solution;
3. the concentrated extracting solution of above-mentioned generation is put into blend tank, add 100% maltodextrin by its dry, 150 ℃ of spray-dryings of spray-dried tower obtain instant asparagus powder to moisture≤5%.
In the instant asparagus powder that the present invention produces asparagus saponin(e, polysaccharide, polyphenol, flavones content reach respectively 〉=7.5%, 〉=4.0%, 〉=1.5%, 〉=1.0%.
In above-mentioned, related production equipment is food-grade stainless steel production equipment.

Claims (3)

1. instant asparagus powder is characterized in that:
(1) selecting fresh asparagus, dried asparagus or old stalk of asparagus, asparagus stalk for use is raw material, after pulverizing, pulverizer puts into the ultrasonic wave extractor, water logging bubble 10-60 minute that adds 0.5-20 times of volume boiled 15-120 minute with routine or high pressure or supercritical ultrasonics technology, obtained extract;
(2) extract of step 1 is put into the vacuum concentration pot vacuum and be concentrated into solid content and reach 10-50%, through cooling below 15 ℃ 10-200 minute, centrifuge was centrifugal, obtains concentrated extracting solution;
(3) concentrated extracting solution after centrifugal adds the maltodextrin of 0-200% by its dry matter content with step 2, and spray-dried tower 140-190 ℃ spray-drying or freeze-drying make instant asparagus powder to moisture≤5%.
2. instant asparagus powder according to claim 1 is characterized in that the temperature of spray-drying the best is at 160 ℃.
3. instant asparagus powder according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described instant asparagus meal component is: asparagus saponin(e, polysaccharide, polyphenol, flavones; Its content is: asparagus saponin(e 〉=7.5%-15.0%, polysaccharide 〉=4.0%-8.0%, polyphenol 〉=1.5%-3.0%, flavones 〉=1.0%-2.0%.
CN2011102785898A 2011-09-20 2011-09-20 Instant asparagus powder CN102293381B (en)

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102599250A (en) * 2012-03-28 2012-07-25 秦皇岛长胜农业科技发展有限公司 Asparagus milk powder
CN102613452A (en) * 2012-03-29 2012-08-01 秦皇岛长胜农业科技发展有限公司 Asparagus protein powder
CN102640840A (en) * 2012-05-23 2012-08-22 江西省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Asparagus straw extract feed additive and preparation method thereof
CN102669673A (en) * 2012-06-07 2012-09-19 秦皇岛长胜农业科技发展有限公司 Asparagus collagen protein powder
CN103222597A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-07-31 秦皇岛长胜农业科技发展有限公司 Applications of instant asparagus powder in food, drugs and health food
CN103284090A (en) * 2013-06-04 2013-09-11 福建立兴食品有限公司 Processing method of instant asparagus powder with anti-tumor efficacy
CN103585498A (en) * 2013-10-23 2014-02-19 浙江农林大学 Method for extracting and detecting polyphenol in bamboo shoots
CN103584110A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-02-19 宿州市皖神面制品有限公司 Preparation method of asparagus protein powder
CN104000132A (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-08-27 菏泽巨鑫源食品有限公司 Preparation method for instant asparagus granules
CN104146246A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-11-19 秦皇岛长胜营养健康科技有限公司 Application of instant asparagus powder in food, medicine and healthcare product
CN104256577A (en) * 2014-07-24 2015-01-07 秦皇岛长胜营养健康科技有限公司 New uses of instant asparagus powder for reducing dose of sleep medications or freeing insomniacs from sleep medications
CN105146396A (en) * 2015-10-21 2015-12-16 山东农业大学 Processing method of asparagus powder
CN105454815A (en) * 2014-10-20 2016-04-06 大连三肽生物科技有限公司 Freeze-dried tricholoma matsutake powder preparation method
CN106421494A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-02-22 秦皇岛长胜营养健康科技有限公司 Application of asparagus extract in preparation of health-care products or health-care drugs for promoting and improving memory
CN106666746A (en) * 2017-02-04 2017-05-17 秦皇岛长胜营养健康科技有限公司 Asparagus composition with neurotransmitter balance adjusting function and preparation method thereof as well as asparagus composition powder
CN108094952A (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-06-01 宝得瑞(湖北)健康产业有限公司 A kind of preparation method of asparagus juice and instant asparagus powder

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102599250A (en) * 2012-03-28 2012-07-25 秦皇岛长胜农业科技发展有限公司 Asparagus milk powder
CN102613452A (en) * 2012-03-29 2012-08-01 秦皇岛长胜农业科技发展有限公司 Asparagus protein powder
CN102640840A (en) * 2012-05-23 2012-08-22 江西省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Asparagus straw extract feed additive and preparation method thereof
CN102669673A (en) * 2012-06-07 2012-09-19 秦皇岛长胜农业科技发展有限公司 Asparagus collagen protein powder
WO2014176942A1 (en) * 2013-04-28 2014-11-06 秦皇岛长胜农业科技发展有限公司 Use of instant asparagus powder in food, medicine and health food
CN103222597A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-07-31 秦皇岛长胜农业科技发展有限公司 Applications of instant asparagus powder in food, drugs and health food
US10293016B2 (en) * 2013-04-28 2019-05-21 Qinhuangdao Changsheng Agrotech Development Co., Ltd. Use of instant asparagus powder in food, medicine and health food
CN103284090A (en) * 2013-06-04 2013-09-11 福建立兴食品有限公司 Processing method of instant asparagus powder with anti-tumor efficacy
CN104000132A (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-08-27 菏泽巨鑫源食品有限公司 Preparation method for instant asparagus granules
CN104000132B (en) * 2013-10-11 2016-01-20 菏泽巨鑫源食品有限公司 The preparation method of instant asparagus particle electuary
CN103584110A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-02-19 宿州市皖神面制品有限公司 Preparation method of asparagus protein powder
CN103585498A (en) * 2013-10-23 2014-02-19 浙江农林大学 Method for extracting and detecting polyphenol in bamboo shoots
CN103585498B (en) * 2013-10-23 2016-02-10 浙江农林大学 The extraction of polyphenol and detection method in a kind of bamboo sprout
CN104146246A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-11-19 秦皇岛长胜营养健康科技有限公司 Application of instant asparagus powder in food, medicine and healthcare product
CN104256577A (en) * 2014-07-24 2015-01-07 秦皇岛长胜营养健康科技有限公司 New uses of instant asparagus powder for reducing dose of sleep medications or freeing insomniacs from sleep medications
CN105454815A (en) * 2014-10-20 2016-04-06 大连三肽生物科技有限公司 Freeze-dried tricholoma matsutake powder preparation method
CN105146396A (en) * 2015-10-21 2015-12-16 山东农业大学 Processing method of asparagus powder
CN106421494A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-02-22 秦皇岛长胜营养健康科技有限公司 Application of asparagus extract in preparation of health-care products or health-care drugs for promoting and improving memory
CN106666746A (en) * 2017-02-04 2017-05-17 秦皇岛长胜营养健康科技有限公司 Asparagus composition with neurotransmitter balance adjusting function and preparation method thereof as well as asparagus composition powder
CN108094952A (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-06-01 宝得瑞(湖北)健康产业有限公司 A kind of preparation method of asparagus juice and instant asparagus powder

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Address after: 066318 No. 12 Donghai Road, Qinhuangdao Economic and Technological Development Zone, Hebei Province

Patentee after: QINHUANGDAO CHANGSHENG AGRICULTURE SCIENCE&TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Address before: 066004 No. 12 Donghai Road, Wanghaidian Shengfa Industrial Park, Qinhuangdao Economic and Technological Development Zone, Hebei Province

Patentee before: Qinhuangdao Changsheng Agricultural Science and Technology Development Co., Ltd.

Address after: 066318 No. 12 Donghai Road, Qinhuangdao Economic and Technological Development Zone, Hebei Province

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