CN102289902B - Overhead power transmission line monitoring and early warning system and working method thereof - Google Patents

Overhead power transmission line monitoring and early warning system and working method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102289902B
CN102289902B CN 201110232447 CN201110232447A CN102289902B CN 102289902 B CN102289902 B CN 102289902B CN 201110232447 CN201110232447 CN 201110232447 CN 201110232447 A CN201110232447 A CN 201110232447A CN 102289902 B CN102289902 B CN 102289902B
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module
main control
receiving
control module
transmission line
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CN102289902A (en
Inventor
王家田
陈青
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Aerospace Science and Industry Shenzhen Group Co Ltd
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Aerospace Science and Industry Shenzhen Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2010105187887A priority Critical patent/CN102024302A/en
Priority to CN201010518788.7 priority
Application filed by Aerospace Science and Industry Shenzhen Group Co Ltd filed Critical Aerospace Science and Industry Shenzhen Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN 201110232447 priority patent/CN102289902B/en
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Abstract

The invention provides an overhead power transmission line monitoring and early warning system which comprises a transmitting module, a receiving module, a transmitting end main control module and a receiving end main control module, wherein the transmitting module is connected with the transmitting end main control module and used for transmitting a detection signal; the receiving module is connected with the receiving end main control module and used for receiving the detection signal transmitted by the transmitting module; a monitoring space is formed between the transmitting module and the receiving module through the detection signal; the transmitting end main control module is arranged on a transmission line tower and used for controlling the work of the transmitting module; and the receiving end main control module is arranged within a detection range and positioned at a transmission line tower except for the transmission line tower where the transmitting end main control module is, and is used for controlling the work of the receiving module and outputting a warning signal when a foreign object with the minimum length of L intrudes into the monitoring space and the moving speed is within the preset speed range. According to the invention, the monitoring coverage range of a monitoring and early warning system for a transmission line is enlarged, and timely warning can be realized.

Description

A kind of overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system and method for work thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to the electric power monitoring field, relate in particular to a kind of overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system and method for work thereof.
Background technology
Overhead transmission line prolong continuous thousands of in, the circuit corridor is with a varied topography, changeable, through regular meeting owing to the invasion of external force is destroyed, such as the crane short, violating the regulationsly construct, foreign matter short circuit and theft etc.These destroy and gently then to cause large-area power-cuts, and are heavy then cause casualties.Therefore when foreign object is invaded, before overhead transmission line is damaged, overhead transmission line is monitored with early warning be significant in time.
Existing overhead transmission line monitoring product monitoring coverage is limited, and monitor signal is more weak, and monitoring accuracy is lower, and rate of false alarm is than higher, and mostly is confined to monitor the invasion of a certain external force, transmission line of electricity is not carried out omnibearing protection.In addition, these products are mostly just reported to the police after transmission line of electricity is destroyed, and can not effectively prevent the generation that destroys.Therefore, these monitoring products have significant limitation, can not satisfy the needs of practical application far away.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the embodiment of the invention is to provide a kind of overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system, is intended to solve transmission line of electricity is carried out the high problem of monitoring limited coverage area, rate of false alarm that exists in the prior art of monitoring and warning.
The embodiment of the invention is achieved in that a kind of overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system, and said system comprises transmitting terminal main control module, transmitter module, receiving end main control module and receiver module;
Transmitter module is connected with said transmitting terminal main control module, is used for the emission detection signal
Receiver module is connected with said receiving end main control module, is used to receive the detectable signal of said transmitter module emission; Form a monitoring space through detectable signal between said transmitter module and the receiver module;
The transmitting terminal main control module is placed in electric power line pole tower, is used to control the work of transmitter module;
The receiving end main control module; Electric power line pole tower outside the electric power line pole tower that be placed within the investigative range, said transmitting terminal main control module belongs to; Be used to control the work of receiver module, and invade this monitoring space and translational speed as maximum length greater than the foreign object of preseting length L and export an alerting signal within predetermined speed range the time.
Further; Said system also comprises the video comparing module that is connected with the receiving end main control module; Said video comparing module is used to gather the video image in monitoring space; And the video image in a certain moment of being gathered and last a video image constantly compared, and the information after will comparing sends to said receiving end main control module.
Further, said receiver module also comprises:
Be connected with said receiving end main control module, with the mode collection site situation of video, and the monitor module of the video of processing collected.
Further, said monitor module comprises:
Be connected with said receiving end main control module, with the clipping the ball machine of visual form collection site information;
Be connected the video server that the video of gathering is handled with said clipping the ball machine.
Further, said system also comprises:
The transmitting terminal communication module is connected with said transmitting terminal main control module, is used to send the related data of transmitting terminal;
The receiving end communication module is connected with said receiving end main control module, is used to receive the related data of transmitting terminal and data, the warning message that produces to remote terminal transmitting system self, and the data of collecting from the external world;
Further, said system also comprises
The transmitting terminal power module is connected with said transmitting terminal main control module, is used to provide transmitter module, transmitting terminal main control module and the required WV of transmitting terminal communication module;
The receiving end power module is connected with said receiving end main control module, is used to provide receiver module, receiving end main control module and the required WV of receiving end communication module;
Further, said transmitter module comprises with said transmitting terminal main control module and being connected that emission detection is with electromagnetic emission radar.
Said receiver module comprises with said receiving end main control module and being connected that electromagnetic receiving radar is used in the detection that receives said emission radar emission.
Further, said monitoring space is for containing the spheroid space of power transmission line between transmitter module and the receiver module.
Further, the maximum length in said spheroid space is 457m, and breadth extreme is 12m.
Further, said video comparing module comprises:
Be connected with said receiving end main control module, with the camera of visual form collection site information;
Be connected with said camera, the video image in a certain moment of gathering and the video that last one constantly video image is compared are compared processor.
Further, the scope of said preseting length L is 10cm-30cm, and said predetermined speed range is: 0.3m/s-30m/s.
The present invention also provides a kind of method of work of above-mentioned overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system, and said method of work comprises:
Step 1, transmitting terminal are launched a detectable signal, and receiving end receives this detectable signal, and between said transmitting terminal and receiving end, form a monitoring space;
Step 2 detects whether the foreign object invasion is arranged in the said monitoring space constantly;
Step 3, when having monitored foreign object invasion, whether the maximum length of judging foreign object greater than preseting length L, and whether translational speed is in predetermined speed range;
Step 4 if the maximum length of judging foreign object reports to the police when preseting length L and translational speed are within predetermined speed range, otherwise is returned step 2.
Further, said method of work also comprises gathers the video image that detects the space, and the video image in a certain moment of being gathered was compared with the video image in a last moment,
When the maximum length of foreign object greater than preseting length L and translational speed within predetermined speed range, this that gather simultaneously video image constantly with last one constantly video image not simultaneously, continue warning;
When the maximum length of foreign object greater than preseting length L and translational speed within predetermined speed range, when this that gather simultaneously video image constantly is identical with last one constantly video image, the cancellation warning.
Further, when taking place to report to the police, simultaneously transmission line of electricity is carried out video monitoring, with the position of definite external force invasion and the form of external force invasion.
Further, said method of work also comprise form with the position of this warning message, external force invasion and external force invasion through GPRS, 3G or Ethernet synchronous driving to remote monitoring terminal.
Further, said method of work also is included in before the step 1, and system receives the instruction that powers on, and carries out self powering on.
Further, the scope of said L is 10cm-30cm, and said predetermined speed range is: 0.3m/s-30m/s.
The embodiment of the invention utilizes transmitter module and receiver module to monitoring between two towers; Between transmitter module and receiver module, form an effective wide in range monitoring space; Can realize wanting the monitored area to carry out omnibearing scanning to transmission line of electricity; When having monitored this monitoring space of foreign object intrusion, can produce alerting signal.This system all reports to the police to all foreign object invasions, but the foreign object invasion that meets the monitoring condition is reported to the police, and effectively prevents to swarm into the wrong report that bring in the detection space as birds.Compared with prior art, the embodiment of the invention has enlarged the monitoring coverage of monitoring transmission line of electricity monitor and early warning system, and monitor signal strength is good, reports to the police accurately, and rate of false alarm has obtained effective reduction.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural drawing of the overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system that provides of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural drawing of the another kind of overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system that provides of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural drawing of the third overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system of providing of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural drawing of the 4th kind of overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system providing of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural drawing of the 5th kind of overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system providing of inventive embodiments.
Fig. 6 is the structural drawing of the video comparing module that provides of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural drawing of the monitor module that provides of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural drawing of the power module that provides of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 9 is the structural drawing of the main control module that provides of the embodiment of the invention.
Figure 10 is the 5th kind of path monitoring providing of the embodiment of the invention and the structural drawing of early warning system.
Figure 11 is the 6th kind of path monitoring providing of the embodiment of the invention and the structural drawing of early warning system.
Figure 12 is the hardware principle block diagram that the embodiment of the invention provides.
Figure 13 is the circuit diagram of the FLASH expanded circuit that provides of the embodiment of the invention.
Figure 14 is the circuit diagram of the hardware watchdog circuit that provides of the embodiment of the invention.
Figure 15 is the circuit diagram of the reset circuit that provides of the embodiment of the invention.
Figure 16 is the circuit diagram of the real time clock circuit that provides of the embodiment of the invention.
Figure 17 is the circuit diagram of the power control unit of the GPRS module that provides of the embodiment of the invention.
Figure 18 is the circuit diagram of the power control unit of the clipping the ball machine that provides of the embodiment of the invention and video server.
Figure 19 is the circuit diagram of the cradle head control interface circuit of the clipping the ball that provides of the embodiment of the invention.
Figure 20 is the circuit diagram of the warning input circuit of the radar that provides of the embodiment of the invention.
Figure 21 is the circuit diagram of the theft-proof sensor warning circuit that provides of the embodiment of the invention.
Embodiment
In order to make the object of the invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer,, the present invention is further elaborated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explanation the present invention, and be not used in qualification the present invention.
The embodiment of the invention is achieved in that said overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system comprises transmitting terminal main control module, transmitter module, receiving end main control module and receiver module;
Transmitter module is connected with said transmitting terminal main control module, is used for the emission detection signal
Receiver module is connected with said receiving end main control module, is used to receive the detectable signal of said transmitter module emission; Form a monitoring space through detectable signal between said transmitter module and the receiver module;
The transmitting terminal main control module is placed in electric power line pole tower, is used to control the work of transmitter module;
The receiving end main control module; Electric power line pole tower outside the electric power line pole tower that be placed within the investigative range, said transmitting terminal main control module belongs to; Be used to control the work of receiver module, and invade this monitoring space and translational speed as maximum length greater than the foreign object of preseting length L and export an alerting signal within predetermined speed range the time.Here need to prove; Maximum length is meant the maximum length that have of foreign object in three dimensions; Said foreign object possibly be irregular, and the maximum length degree is meant respectively measures a maximum value of the resulting length in back along all directions or each dimension.
The embodiment of the invention utilizes transmitter module and receiver module to monitoring between two towers; Between transmitter module and receiver module, form an effective wide in range monitoring space; Can realize wanting the monitored area to carry out omnibearing scanning to transmission line of electricity; When having monitored this monitoring space of foreign object intrusion, can produce alerting signal.This system all reports to the police to all foreign object invasions, but the foreign object invasion that meets the monitoring condition is reported to the police, and effectively prevents the wrong report of swarming into as birds.
Embodiment one:
Fig. 1 shows the structure of the overhead transmission line monitoring early-warning system that first embodiment of the invention provides, and only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
Wherein, overhead transmission line detection early warning system comprises:
Transmitting terminal main control module 11 is placed in electric power line pole tower, is used to control the work of transmitter module.
Receiving end main control module 14, the electric power line pole tower outside the electric power line pole tower that be placed within the investigative range, transmitting terminal main control module 11 belongs to is used to control the work of each module of receiving end.
Transmitter module 17 is connected with transmitting terminal main control module 11, is used for the emission detection signal.
Receiver module 18 is connected with receiving end main control unit 14, is used to receive the detectable signal of transmitter module 17 emissions.
In real work, transmitter module 17 sends detectable signal under the control of transmitting terminal main control module 11, and with transmitter module 17 the above-mentioned detectable signal of receiver module 18 receptions on the different shaft towers is installed respectively.Between transmitter module 17 and receiver module 18, form the spheroid monitoring space of remote a, wide region, transmission line of electricity is carried out real-time guard.
When not having the external force invasion, path monitoring and early warning system are in stable monitoring state.When the steady state (SS) of system is broken; Be system monitoring when having external force to invade the monitoring space and the maximum length of intrusion object when preseting length L and translational speed are within predetermined speed range; Receiver module 18 becomes alerting signal to send receiving end main control module 14 to this change transitions; Receiving end main control module 14 is exported this alerting signal after receiving alerting signal, reports Surveillance center or other remote terminals through the warning of control warning device and through receiving end communication module 15.
Among the above embodiment, the scope of said preseting length L is 10cm-30cm, and said predetermined speed range is: 0.3m/s-30m/s.Logical this set mode can prevent effectively that swarming into the system that is caused in this monitoring space when bird produces wrong report.
The embodiment of the invention utilizes detectable signal transmitter module and detectable signal receiver module to monitoring between two towers, can when foreign object is invaded the monitoring space, can produce alerting signal to carrying out omnibearing scanning around the electric power line pole tower.Compared with prior art, the embodiment of the invention has enlarged the monitoring coverage of path monitoring and early warning system, and can report to the police more in time.
Embodiment two:
Fig. 2 shows the structure of the overhead transmission line monitoring early-warning system that second embodiment of the invention provides, and only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
Wherein, overhead transmission line detection early warning system comprises:
Transmitting terminal main control module 11 is placed in electric power line pole tower, is used to control the work of transmitter module.
Transmitting terminal communication module 12 is connected with transmitting terminal main control module 11, is used for the related data to receiving end transmission transmitting terminal.The related data of transmitting terminal mainly comprises the data such as residual capacity of battery of antitheft data, transmitting terminal.As an example of the embodiment of the invention, what the transmitting terminal communication module used is the communication of 433MHz frequency range.
Transmitting terminal power module 13 is connected with transmitting terminal main control module 11, is used to each module of transmitting terminal WV is provided.
Receiving end main control module 14, the electric power line pole tower outside the electric power line pole tower that be placed within the investigative range, transmitting terminal main control module 11 belongs to is used to control the work of each module of receiving end.
Receiving end communication module 15; Be connected with receiving end main control module 14; Be used for data to Surveillance center or other remote terminal transmitting systems self generation; Like the fault data of self, related data of the transmitting terminal of operating state data and acceptance etc. and the data of collecting from the external world are like Monitoring Data and alert data etc.As an example of the embodiment of the invention, receiving end communication module 15 uses the communication of 433MHz frequency range to receive the related data that transmitting terminal communication module 12 sends; Use the data of GPRS module to Surveillance center or other remote terminal transmitting systems self generation, and the data of collecting from the external world.In addition, transmitting terminal communication module and receiving end communication module are also supported 3G or two kinds of communication modes of OPGW+ power private network, and system reserves 3G module interface and RJ45 interface, make things convenient for user flexibility to select the communication access way.
Receiving end power module 16 is connected with receiving end main control module 14, is used to each module of receiving end WV is provided.
Transmitter module 17 is connected with transmitting terminal main control module 11, is used for the emission detection signal.
Receiver module 18 is connected with receiving end main control unit 14, is used to receive the detectable signal of transmitter module 17 emissions.
In real work, transmitter module 17 sends detectable signal under the control of transmitting terminal main control module 11, and with transmitter module 17 the above-mentioned detectable signal of receiver module 18 receptions on the different shaft towers is installed respectively.Between transmitter module 17 and receiver module 18, form the spheroid monitoring space of remote a, wide region, transmission line of electricity is carried out real-time guard.
When not having the external force invasion, monitoring transmission line of electricity monitor and early warning system is in stable monitoring state.When the steady state (SS) of system is broken; Be system monitoring when having external force to invade the monitoring space; Receiver module 18 becomes alerting signal to send receiving end main control module 14 to this change transitions; After receiving end main control module 14 is received alerting signal, report Surveillance center or other remote terminals through receiving end communication module 15.
The embodiment of the invention utilizes detectable signal transmitter module and detectable signal receiver module to monitoring between two towers, can when foreign object is invaded the monitoring space, can produce alerting signal to carrying out omnibearing scanning around the electric power line pole tower.Compared with prior art, the embodiment of the invention has enlarged the monitoring coverage of path monitoring and early warning system, and can report to the police more in time.
Embodiment three:
Fig. 3 shows the structure of the overhead transmission line monitoring early-warning system that third embodiment of the invention provides, and only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
Wherein, transmitter module 17 comprises emission radar 21, and emission radar 21 is connected with transmitting terminal main control module 11, is used for emission detection and uses electromagnetic wave.
Receiver module 18 comprises receiving radar 22, and receiving radar 22 is connected with receiving end main control module 14, is used to receive the detection of launching radar 21 emissions and uses electromagnetic wave.
In real work, emission radar 21 sends to survey and uses electromagnetic wave, and use electromagnetic wave with the above-mentioned detection of receiving radar 22 receptions that emission radar 21 is installed respectively on the different shaft towers under the control of transmitting terminal main control module 11.Between emission radar 21 and receiving radar 22, form the spheroid monitoring space of remote a, wide region, transmission line of electricity is carried out real-time guard.
When not having the external force invasion, the overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system is in stable monitoring state.When the steady state (SS) of system is broken; Be system monitoring when having external force to invade the monitoring space; Receiving radar 22 becomes alerting signal to send receiving end main control module 14 to this change transitions; After receiving end main control module 14 is received alerting signal, report Surveillance center or other remote terminals through receiving end communication module 15.
As the example of the embodiment of the invention, emission radar 21 and receiving radar 22 can be respectively microwave emitter and the microwave receiver that is operated in the K wave band., when Surveillance center or other remote terminals transmit warning messages, can pass through networks such as GPRS, CDMA, 3G or OPGW+ power private network and realize transmission at receiving end communication module 15.
The embodiment of the invention is utilized radar monitoring, can when foreign object is invaded the monitoring space, can produce alerting signal to carrying out omnibearing scanning around the electric power line pole tower.Compared with prior art, the embodiment of the invention has enlarged the monitoring coverage of wireline inspection and early warning system, and when external force is invaded, can report to the police more in time.
Embodiment four:
Fig. 4 shows the structure of the overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system that fourth embodiment of the invention provides, and only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
Wherein, the overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system also comprises monitor module 31, and monitor module 31 is connected with receiving end main control module 14, is used for the mode collection site situation with video, and the video of processing collected.
In real work; System monitoring is to external force when invasion arranged; Receiving radar 22 sends alerting signal to receiving end main control module 14, after receiving end main control module 14 is received alerting signal, reports Surveillance center or other remote terminals through receiving end communication module 15.Start 31 pairs of alarm scenes of monitor module simultaneously and carry out live video; And after the live video of being gathered handled with the mode of video; Pass Surveillance center or other remote terminals back through receiving end communication module 15; So that can learn particular location and external force invasion form that the external force invasion takes place, make relative measures to concrete situation and avoid transmission line of electricity to be destroyed.
As the example of the embodiment of the invention, when Surveillance center or other remote terminals transmit video informations, can realize transmitting through 3G network at receiving end communication module 15.
The embodiment of the invention is utilized monitor module; Make Surveillance center or other remote terminals can demonstrate the concrete form that transmission line of electricity is constituted potential safety hazard; Help Surveillance center and take corresponding precautionary measures in light of the circumstances, improved the risk prevention ability of system.
Embodiment five:
Fig. 7 shows the structure of the monitor module that the embodiment of the invention provides, and only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
Monitor module 31 comprises:
Clipping the ball machine 41 is connected with receiving end main control module 14, is used for visual form collection site information.
Video server 42 is connected with clipping the ball machine 41, is used for the video of gathering is handled.These processing comprise a series of images processing such as video compress, to guarantee the correctness and the stability of transmission data.
Embodiment six:
In embodiments of the present invention, transmitting terminal and receiving end all adopt same power module, and Fig. 8 shows the structure of the power module that the embodiment of the invention provides, and only show the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
Wherein, transmitting terminal power module 13 includes with receiving end power module 16:
Controller 51 is connected with transmitting terminal main control module 11 or receiving end main control module 14, is used between different generation modes, switching.
Photovoltaic cell 52 is connected with controller 51, is used to utilize the optical energy power of the sun.
Aerogenerator 53 is connected with controller 51, is used to utilize wind-power electricity generation.
Accumulator 54 is connected with controller 51, is used for store electrical energy.
Owing to receive the constraint of time and region, be difficult to round-the-clock sun power or the wind energy of all only relying on and generate electricity.And sun power and wind energy all have very strong complementarity in time with on the region: wind was less when daylight was strong; When illumination at night was weak, wind energy was owing to face of land difference variation strengthens.Therefore the embodiment of the invention is switched between solar electrical energy generation and wind power generation as the case may be, to guarantee the reliability and stability of system power supply.
Embodiment seven:
In embodiments of the present invention, transmitting terminal main control module 11 and receiving end main control module 14 all use same single-chip microcomputer, and its structure is as shown in Figure 9.Preferably, main control module uses the single-chip microcomputer of model as MEGA128.
Embodiment eight:
Fig. 5 shows the structure of the overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system that fifth embodiment of the invention provides, and only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
Wherein, path monitoring and early warning system also comprise video comparing module 91.Video comparing module 91 is connected with receiving end main control module 14; Be used for the mode of video constantly the video image gathered of collection site situation and the video image in a certain moment that will gather and a last moment compare; And with the comparison information pass to said receiving end main control module 14; If when the video image in this moment of being gathered and last a video image constantly is inconsistent; Showing has the external force invasion, and then system reports to the police, and alerting signal and video comparison picture are reported Surveillance center or other remote terminals through receiving end communication module 15.
As a kind of preferred embodiment; For further improve monitoring transmission line of electricity monitor and early warning system the early warning accuracy; Further reduce rate of false alarm; In real work, when system monitoring when having external force to invade the monitoring space and the maximum length of intrusion object when preseting length L and translational speed are within predetermined speed range, system reports to the police.At this moment; When the video image in this moment that video comparing module 91 is gathered and last a video image of being gathered constantly is inconsistent; 14 outputs one of receiving end main control module continue alerting signal; Report Surveillance center or other remote terminals through the warning of control warning device and through receiving end communication module 15, system carries out the external force intrusion alarm.Receiving radar 22 sends alerting signal to receiving end main control module 14; The video comparison picture that while video comparing module 91 will be taken this moment sends receiving end main control module 14 to; Receiving end main control module 14 reports Surveillance center or other remote terminals through receiving end communication module 15 after receiving alerting signal and video comparison picture.Start 31 pairs of alarm scenes of monitor module simultaneously and carry out live video; And after the live video of being gathered handled with the mode of video; Pass Surveillance center or other remote terminals back through receiving end communication module 15; So that can learn particular location and external force invasion form that the external force invasion takes place, make relative measures to concrete situation and avoid transmission line of electricity to be destroyed; When if the video image in this moment that video comparing module 91 is gathered is identical with the video image of being gathered in a last moment, receiving end main control module 14 outputs one terminal alerting signal, cancellation is reported to the police.
In the present embodiment; Simultaneously the overhead transmission line between the shaft tower is carried out the monitoring of external force invasion through radar monitoring technology and video comparison monitoring technology; Have only through radar monitoring and video comparison monitoring and monitor simultaneously when unusual; System just confirms to have the external force invasion, when reporting to the police, reports Surveillance center or other remote monitoring terminals through receiving end communication module 15.
Embodiment nine:
Fig. 5 shows the structure of the video comparing module 91 that the embodiment of the invention provides, and only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
Video comparing module 91 comprises:
Camera 92 is connected with receiving end main control module 14, is used for visual form collection site information.
Video comparison processor 93 is connected with camera 92, is used for the video of gathering is handled.These processing comprise that last one constantly the video image that the video image in a certain moment of being gathered compares and whether identically confirm; These are handled and also to comprise with a series of images such as video compress and handling, to guarantee the correctness and the stability of transmission data.Said video comparison processor 93 embedded bellsent target threat monitoring intelligent visual analysis modules; Whether the video image in a certain moment that can be gathered camera 92 is compared with last one constantly the video image of being gathered and is confirmed identical; If it is identical; Show that then transmission line of electricity is in proper working order, have no the external force invasion; If the video image in a certain moment with last one constantly video image different, show that variation has taken place image this moment, promptly represented the external force invasion, this moment, receiving end main control module 14 received the processing of reporting to the police behind video comparing module 91 feedacks.
Embodiment ten
Figure 10 shows the structure of the overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system that sixth embodiment of the invention provides, and only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
Wherein, the overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system also comprises theft-proof sensor 71, and theft-proof sensor 71 is placed in electric power line pole tower, is connected with receiving end main control module 14 with transmitting terminal main control module 11 respectively, is used for guarding against around the shaft tower.Preferably, theft-proof sensor 71 is installed on the shaft tower distance apart from 5-6 meters on ground.
The electromagnetic emission of 71 pairs of the theft-proof sensors property surveyed is collected as one with connecing; Form the space exploration of a centrum; Superimposed with the space that the spheroid space exploration and the video comparing module 91 of emission radar 21 and receiving radar 22 formation are monitored, with the monitoring capability of enhanced system.
In addition, theft-proof sensor 71 comprises detector and phased array radar, and wherein detector can be the detector of " infrared, microwave, intelligence three mirror detectors " by name.Utilize two microwave M RD-PLUS motion state recognition technologies that body, the relative displacement speed of intrusion target are carried out detection and Identification, can identify interference sources such as rocking of hangers such as trees, clothing, but wrong report is stopped in interference such as wind resistance, rain, snow, sand.In addition, theft-proof sensor 71 can be discerned the object size of monitoring automatically, and the object of minimum monitoring is 30kg, so meiofaunas such as bird, bat can not impact theft-proof sensor 71.Preferably, theft-proof sensor 71 adopts the infrared microwave detector in the present embodiment.
When questionable person or thing get into the warning region of theft-proof sensor 71; Theft-proof sensor 71 directly perhaps sends alerting signal to receiving end main control module 14 through transmitting terminal communication module 12; After receiving end main control module 14 is received alerting signal; Report Surveillance center or other remote terminals through receiving end communication module 15; Start 31 pairs of alarm scenes of monitor module simultaneously and carry out live video, and pass the live video of being gathered back Surveillance center or other remote terminals with the mode of video through receiving end communication module 15, avoid transmission line of electricity to be destroyed so that make relative measures.
As the example of the embodiment of the invention, on each shaft tower, settle four theft-proof sensors 71, be installed on respectively tower around, the environment around the monitoring in real time, protection iron tower and terminal device.
The embodiment of the invention adds theft-proof sensor 71 on shaft tower, monitoring capability that can enhanced system, and this theft-proof sensor 71 adopts infrared microwave detectors, can prevent wrong report.
Embodiment 11
As embodiments of the invention, in the foregoing description, path monitoring also comprises the acousto-optic early warning module 81 that is connected with receiving end main control module 14 with early warning system, and is shown in figure 11.Receiving end main control module 14 outputs one alerting signal in Surveillance center or other remote terminal transmission alerting signals starts acousto-optic early warning module 81 in system, plays the forewarning function of fright or caution with the potential safety hazard to the scene.
Embodiment 12:
Figure 12 shows the hardware principle that the embodiment of the invention provides, and only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
Wherein, GPIO is a universaling I/O port, and 12C is the 12C bus; ADC is a digiverter, and USART is universal synchronous/asynchronous serial reception/transmitter, and RS232 is the RS232 interface; JTAG is a jtag interface, and SDRAM is a synchronous DRAM, and SPI is a spi bus; FLASH is a flash memory, and EBI is the EBI bus.
Wherein, Said video comparing module, power module, monitor module, transmitter module or receiver module, audible-visual annunciator and theft-proof sensor all are connected with pairing single-chip microcomputer, and wherein this system comprises that also the reset circuit, real time clock circuit, FLASH circuit, the hardware that are connected with single-chip microcomputer sees the circuit, the cradle head control interface circuit of clipping the ball, the warning input circuit and the theft-proof sensor warning circuit of radar of power control unit of circuit, clipping the ball machine and the video server of the power control unit of doorway circuit, GPRS module.
Embodiment 13:
In real work, at first fixing cabinet on shaft tower, functional modules such as the built-in communication module of cabinet, main control module have formed a wide region, omnibearing space exploration between the precision radar on two adjacent shaft towers.
The video comparing module is gathered and is monitored the video pictures in a certain moment constantly and compared with the video pictures in a last moment of being gathered simultaneously.
When foreign object was invaded this space exploration, precision radar monitored this information and looks image and last an image constantly in screen comparing module this moment of comparison inconsistent, and communication module is sent warning information to Surveillance center or other remote terminals.Meanwhile, start audible-visual annunciator, the scene is deterred, and utilize the clipping the ball machine to pass field condition back Surveillance center or other remote terminals with the form of video through communication module.
And be installed in the theft-proof sensor on each tower, in order to monitor in-plant intrusion situation, the monitoring capability of strengthening system.
In the example of embodiment provided by the invention; Characteristic to transmission line of electricity; If desire between all transmission lines of electricity, all to set up a monitoring space, need be all to install corresponding transmitter module and receiver module on adjacent two shaft towers in adjacent monitoring space.
As another example of the embodiment of the invention, precision radar uses K wave band sensor, can detect 457m farthest, and breadth extreme can reach 12m, and this width can be as required or field condition regulate.
Embodiment 14:
Figure 13 shows the FLASH expanded circuit that the embodiment of the invention provides, and only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
As an example of the embodiment of the invention, can use model to realize as the chip of AT45DB161.
Embodiment 15:
Figure 14 shows the hardware watchdog circuit that the embodiment of the invention provides, and only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
As an example of the embodiment of the invention, can use model to realize as the chip of SP706REN.
Embodiment 16:
Figure 15 shows the reset circuit that the embodiment of the invention provides, and only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
Embodiment 17:
Figure 16 shows the real time clock circuit that the embodiment of the invention provides, and only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
As an example of the embodiment of the invention, can use model to realize as the chip of RX-8025T.
Embodiment 18:
Figure 17 shows the circuit of the power control unit of the GPRS module that the embodiment of the invention provides, and only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
This circuit can be used for realizing power management and low power dissipation design requirement.
Embodiment 19:
Figure 18 shows the circuit of the power control unit of clipping the ball machine that the embodiment of the invention provides and video server, only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
This circuit can be used for realizing power management and low power dissipation design requirement.
Embodiment 20:
Figure 19 shows the cradle head control interface circuit of the clipping the ball that the embodiment of the invention provides, and only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
As an example of the embodiment of the invention, can use model to realize as the chip of MAX13487.
Embodiment 21:
Figure 20 shows the warning input circuit of the radar that the embodiment of the invention provides, and only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
During alarm free, K2 is in off-state, and pin P50_FOG is in low level; When monitoring invasion, K2 is closed, and P50_FOG becomes high level from low level, handles relevant action thereby trigger main control module.
Embodiment 22:
Figure 21 shows the antitheft radar warning circuit that the embodiment of the invention provides, and only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention for the ease of explanation.
During alarm free, K3 is in closure state, and P44_INPUT is in high level;
When monitoring invasion, K3 breaks off, and P44_INPUT becomes low level from high level, handles relevant action thereby trigger main control module.
The present invention also provides a kind of method of work of above-mentioned overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system, and said method of work comprises:
Step 1, transmitting terminal are launched a detectable signal, and receiving end receives this detectable signal, and between said transmitting terminal and receiving end, form a monitoring space.Concrete, transmitter module is launched a detectable signal under the control of transmitting terminal main control module, and receiver module is accepted this detectable signal and between said transmitter module and receiver module, is formed a monitoring space.
Step 2 detects whether the foreign object invasion is arranged in the said monitoring space constantly;
Step 3, when having monitored foreign object invasion, whether the maximum length of judging foreign object greater than preseting length L, translational speed whether in predetermined speed range,
Step 4 if the maximum length of judging foreign object reports to the police when preseting length L and translational speed are within predetermined speed range, otherwise is returned step 2.
In order further to strengthen the detection degree of accuracy that this detects early warning system; Further; Said method of work also comprises gathers the video image that detects the space; And video image and last a video image constantly in a certain moment of being gathered compared, the concrete video comparing module of pass through realizes the collection to the live video image, and the video image and the video image in a last moment in a certain moment of being gathered are compared; When the maximum length of foreign object greater than preseting length L and translational speed within predetermined speed range; This that gather simultaneously video image and last a video image constantly constantly continues to report to the police not simultaneously, and this warning can be sent an alerting signal through the receiving end main control module and realized.When the maximum length of foreign object greater than preseting length L and translational speed within predetermined speed range, when this that gather simultaneously video image constantly is identical with last one constantly video image, the cancellation warning.
Further, when taking place to report to the police,, utilize monitor module that transmission line of electricity is carried out video monitoring simultaneously, with the position of definite external force invasion and the form of external force invasion in order to obtain the place and the mode of this external force invasion simultaneously.Through video being monitored the whole generating process that clearly to understand the external force invasion.
Further, said method of work also comprise form with the position of this warning message, external force invasion and external force invasion through GPRS, 3G or Ethernet synchronous driving to remote monitoring terminal.In this way; The real-time monitoring and warning information of this monitor and early warning system is sent to remote monitoring terminal; Make and clearly to understand the duty of transmission line of electricity and clearly see form and the position that external force is invaded through remote monitoring terminal; Need not be in the action and just can on-the-spot transmission line of electricity be operated, to avoid taking place unnecessary loss.
Further, said method of work also is included in before the step 1, and system receives the instruction that powers on, and carries out self powering on.
Among the above-described embodiment, the scope of said L is 10cm-30cm, and said predetermined speed range is: 0.3m/s-30m/s.
The embodiment of the invention has following beneficial effect:
1, utilize transmitter module and receiver module to survey with electromagnetic emission and reception, guaranteed omnibearing monitoring range, when the foreign object intrusion should be monitored the space, system can produce alerting signal, can in time report to the police.
2, system adds video comparison technology, through being used in combination with the electromagnetic wave technology, monitors all two kinds of technology that system just reports to the police when unusual, has further improved monitoring accuracy and the accuracy of system to the external force invasion.
3, utilize monitor module field condition is gathered and to be transmitted; Can make the definite concrete form of knowing potential safety hazard and the place of personnel at Surveillance center or other remote terminal places; So that it takes appropriate measures to particular problem, strengthened the pre-alerting ability and the risk prevention ability of system.
4, adopt the power-supply system that between wind power generation and solar electrical energy generation, to switch, improved the reliability and stability of power supply.
5, through adding theft-proof sensor, further improved the monitoring capability of system.
6, theft-proof sensor adopts two microwave M RD-PLUS motion state recognition technologies and phased array radar, can identify interference sources such as rocking of hangers such as trees, clothing, but wrong report is stopped in interference such as wind resistance, rain, snow, sand.
7, added acousto-optic early warning module in the system, can frighten or warn the potential safety hazard at scene.
The above is merely preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to restriction the present invention, all any modifications of within spirit of the present invention and principle, being done, is equal to and replaces and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (17)

1. an overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system is characterized in that, said system comprises transmitting terminal main control module, transmitter module, receiving end main control module and receiver module;
Transmitter module is connected with said transmitting terminal main control module, is used for the emission detection signal;
Receiver module is connected with said receiving end main control module, is used to receive the detectable signal of said transmitter module emission; Form a monitoring space through detectable signal between said transmitter module and the receiver module;
The transmitting terminal main control module is placed in electric power line pole tower, is used to control the work of transmitter module;
The receiving end main control module; Electric power line pole tower outside the electric power line pole tower that be placed within the said monitoring space, said transmitting terminal main control module belongs to; Be used to control the work of receiver module, and invade this monitoring space and translational speed as maximum length greater than the foreign object of preseting length L and export an alerting signal within predetermined speed range the time.
2. overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Said system also comprises the video comparing module that is connected with the receiving end main control module; Said video comparing module is used to gather the video image in monitoring space, and video image and last a video image constantly in a certain moment of being gathered is compared, and the information after will comparing sends to said receiving end main control module.
3. overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said system also comprises:
Be connected with said receiving end main control module, with the mode collection site situation of video, and the monitor module of the video of processing collected.
4. overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system according to claim 3 is characterized in that, said monitor module comprises:
Be connected with said receiving end main control module, with the clipping the ball machine of visual form collection site information;
Be connected the video server that the video of gathering is handled with said clipping the ball machine.
5. overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system according to claim 3 is characterized in that, said system also comprises:
The transmitting terminal communication module is connected with said transmitting terminal main control module, is used to send the related data of transmitting terminal;
The receiving end communication module is connected with said receiving end main control module, is used to receive the related data of transmitting terminal and data, the warning message that produces to remote terminal transmitting system self, and the data of collecting from the external world.
6. overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system according to claim 5 is characterized in that said system also comprises
The transmitting terminal power module is connected with said transmitting terminal main control module, is used to provide transmitter module, transmitting terminal main control module and the required WV of transmitting terminal communication module;
The receiving end power module is connected with said receiving end main control module, is used to provide receiver module, receiving end main control module and the required WV of receiving end communication module.
7. overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said transmitter module comprises with said transmitting terminal main control module and being connected that emission detection is with electromagnetic emission radar;
Said receiver module comprises with said receiving end main control module and being connected that electromagnetic receiving radar is used in the detection that receives said emission radar emission.
8. overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said monitoring space is for containing the spheroid space of power transmission line between transmitter module and the receiver module.
9. overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system according to claim 8 is characterized in that, the maximum length in said spheroid space is 457m, and breadth extreme is 12m.
10. overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system according to claim 2 is characterized in that, said video comparing module comprises:
Be connected with said receiving end main control module, with the camera of visual form collection site information;
Be connected with said camera, the video image in a certain moment of gathering and the video that last one constantly video image is compared are compared processor.
11. overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the scope of said L is 10cm-30cm, and said predetermined speed range is 0.3m/s-30m/s.
12. the method for work of an overhead transmission line monitor and early warning system is characterized in that, said method of work comprises,
Step 1, transmitting terminal are launched a detectable signal, and receiving end receives this detectable signal, and between said transmitting terminal and receiving end, form a monitoring space;
Step 2 detects whether the foreign object invasion is arranged in the said monitoring space constantly;
Step 3, when having monitored foreign object invasion, whether the maximum length of judging foreign object greater than preseting length L, and whether translational speed is in predetermined speed range;
Step 4 if the maximum length of judging foreign object reports to the police when preseting length L and translational speed are within predetermined speed range, otherwise is returned step 2.
13. method of work according to claim 12 is characterized in that, said method of work also comprises gathers the video image in monitoring space, and the video image in a certain moment of being gathered was compared with the video image in a last moment,
When the maximum length of foreign object greater than preseting length L and translational speed within predetermined speed range, this that gather simultaneously video image constantly with last one constantly video image not simultaneously, continue warning;
When the maximum length of foreign object greater than preseting length L and translational speed within predetermined speed range, when this that gather simultaneously video image constantly is identical with last one constantly video image, the cancellation warning.
14. method of work according to claim 12 is characterized in that, said method of work also comprises,
When taking place to report to the police, simultaneously transmission line of electricity is carried out video monitoring, with the position of definite external force invasion and the form of external force invasion.
15. method of work according to claim 14 is characterized in that, said method of work comprises that also the form with the position of this warning message and external force invasion and external force invasion arrives remote monitoring terminal through GPRS, 3G or Ethernet synchronous driving.
16. method of work according to claim 15 is characterized in that, said method of work also is included in before the step 1, and system receives the instruction that powers on, and carries out self powering on.
17. method of work according to claim 12 is characterized in that, the scope of said preseting length L is 10cm-30cm, and said predetermined speed range is 0.3m/s-30m/s.
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CN2011202947633U Expired - Fee Related CN202196177U (en) 2010-10-18 2011-08-15 Circuit monitoring system
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CN2011202947760U Expired - Fee Related CN202167097U (en) 2010-10-18 2011-08-15 Signal transmitter, signal receiver and overhead line monitoring system
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CN102360082A (en) 2012-02-22
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CN202167097U (en) 2012-03-14
CN102323589B (en) 2012-11-21
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CN102360082B (en) 2013-10-09

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