CN102284202A - Water filter equipment - Google Patents

Water filter equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102284202A
CN102284202A CN2011101399725A CN201110139972A CN102284202A CN 102284202 A CN102284202 A CN 102284202A CN 2011101399725 A CN2011101399725 A CN 2011101399725A CN 201110139972 A CN201110139972 A CN 201110139972A CN 102284202 A CN102284202 A CN 102284202A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
filter
filter plate
lautertuns
chimney
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
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CN2011101399725A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卢炳琦
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Qingdao Dongyu Water Treatment Equipment Development Co Ltd
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Qingdao Dongyu Water Treatment Equipment Development Co Ltd
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Application filed by Qingdao Dongyu Water Treatment Equipment Development Co Ltd filed Critical Qingdao Dongyu Water Treatment Equipment Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN2011101399725A priority Critical patent/CN102284202A/en
Publication of CN102284202A publication Critical patent/CN102284202A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides water filter equipment. The equipment comprises a filter tank 100, more than one filter plate 200, a filter layer 400, a plurality of air injection pipes p, an access hole 500 and a water storage part, wherein an opening is formed on the upper part of the filter tank, and a separation wall 110 is arranged inside the filter tank; the filter plates 200 are positioned above the filter tank 100 and the separation wall 110, and used for sealing the filter tank 100; the air injection pipes p are positioned below the filter plate 200; the access hole 500 is positioned in the middle of the filter plates 200; the filter layer 400 is positioned above the filter plates 200; and the water storage part is positioned above the filter layer 400 and the filter plates 200. According to the water filter equipment provided by the invention, a water retaining area is prevented from occurring when backwashing is implemented, so that the confidence of consumers can be promoted while the water purification quality is improved. The filter plates are easy to assemble, so that the working efficiency can be improved, the work period can be shortened, and the effect of saving the assembly cost can be achieved.

Description

Water filtration device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of water treatment facilities, relate in particular to the filter plant of a kind of rainwater or river.
Background technology
As everyone knows, produce drinking water after water treatment facilities purify former water such as rainwater or rivers often or produce the equipment of the water purification that can discharge, variform always clean water treatment mode of past, for example shown in Figure 1, filtering ponds are as former water such as rainwater or river being carried out the water filtration device that purifying filters, it comprises the building 1 of the room form that is arranged on both sides, this building 1 can be accumulated the water source, the bottom of each building 1 is followed successively by the passage 2 that catchments from the bottom up, the bottom captation, sandy gravel stratum 30 and filter material layer 40 etc., the passage 2 that catchments of both sides converges and leads to water purifying tank at the water purification passage 3 of central authorities.
Described filter material layer 40 plays the former water purification effect of filtering, and sandy gravel stratum 30 plays the protective effect that prevention filter material layer 40 runs off, and former water is via catchmenting water purification flow export 11 accumulations of facility to the passage 2 that catchments by the bottom after described filter material layer 40 and the sandy gravel stratum 30.
Described bottom captation is made up of a plurality of circular cone plates 10 and the mortar 20 of filling the gap between each circular cone plate 10, and a plurality of circular cone plates 10 are positioned over ground, are used for supporting filter material layer 40 and sandy gravel stratum 30, and keeping somewhere in each circular cone plate 10 has flow export 11.
Have in the traditional water treatment facility of said structure, when implementing back washing, for cleaning is deposited in the sediment of filter material layer 40, surface washing device 50 is installed above filter material layer 40, surface washing device 50 is peeled off polluter on the filter material layer in the mode of watering; The flocculate that utilization makes former water filter out at filter material layer 40 by the back washing water of passage 2 supply of catchmenting is floating to come out, and then flow into drainage channel 4 by tank 5 and handle.
And above-mentioned traditional water purification apparatus is not accurate enough because of the bore of described flow export 11, the pipeline that inserts wherein is easy to break away from, can't ensure the security of water purification, the diameter of described flow export 11 is progressively extended, and sandy gravel stratum 30 and filter material layer 40 suffer to destroy and cause the filter material loss bigger, have strengthened the maintenance and repair burden, because of the water storage space in the circular cone plate 10 too small, the filter sand that flows out can be blocked the flowing water passage, thereby has reduced the effect of back washing and the production efficiency of water purification, has problems.
To address the above problem is starting point, someone has proposed the structure and the using method thereof of filtering ponds bottom, a kind of water purification field water collecting equipment, and the structure of this filtering ponds bottom, water purification field water collecting equipment comprises vertical water purification passage and the filter that a plurality of laterally catchment passage and the described passages that catchment converge.Described filter is by being installed in described passage and the air supply pipe above the water purification passage of catchmenting; Most withes of building perpendicular to the ground; Fix with described partition wall upper horizontal, form with the most filter plates that seal passage between the described partition wall and upper space, but described filter plate is provided with most chimney filters of the described water purification of injection, back washing water and air.Above-mentioned air supply pipe by be positioned over central tube above the described water purification passage, be positioned over described catchment above the passage most branched pipes and form to the subbranch pipe of passage the described partition wall from described branched pipe air feed.
Described filter plate major part is that length respectively is the concrete filter plate of 1m * 1m * 100mm, and inside vertically is provided with chimney filter with 130mm spacing L.The both sides of arranging continuously when placing most filter plate described filter plate are positioned over the partition wall upper end, the position, turning and the side that are connected between a plurality of filter plates should keep certain spacing, as shown in Figure 2, position, 4 filter plate 60 opposed turnings is fixed with anchor bolt 62 and pad 64, and mortar 66 is then poured into a mould with sealing lautertuns 100 upper spaces in the slit between each filter plate.
But above-mentioned filter plate 60 is too little because of its area, and cover lautertuns 100 needs a greater number filter plate 60, thereby has reduced the efficiency and the productivity of installation exercise, and this is the root problem that exists; Fixedly the mode of filter plate 60 is loosening easily because of high pressure when the back washing with described anchor bolt 62 and pad 64, the situation that filter plate 60 gets loose also frequently takes place, not only can't reach the security of water purification, also increase and reinstalled and repair the expense that gets loose filter plate 60 and produce; On structure, the slit occurs between described filter plate 60 and the filter plate 60, cause the spacing L ' between the chimney filter 68 not meet standard value, the backwater district occurs thereby can't form smooth washing, not only can't improve cleaning water, also greatly reduce consumer's reliability.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is, a kind of novel water filtration device and method of construction thereof are provided, prevent from the process of water filtration device being carried out back washing, the backwater district to occur, improve the production efficiency of purifying filtered water and obtain high-quality water through filtering.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention also is, novel water filtration device that is provided and preparation method thereof, in the process of carrying out back washing, can not occur pressure because of water cause water filtration device filter plate get loose or damaged, save the maintenance nurse fees and use.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of water filtration device, it comprises: top opening and inner lautertuns 100, more than one filter plate 200, filter course 400, a plurality of air injection tube p, manhole 500 and storage part with partition wall 110;
Described filter plate 200 is positioned at the top of described lautertuns 100 and partition wall 110, seals described lautertuns 100;
Described air injection tube p is positioned at the below of described filter plate 200, and described air injection tube p produces gas pressure by radiating gas, thereby removes the impurity that is deposited in described filter plate 200 and the described filter course 400;
Described manhole 500 is positioned at the mid portion of described filter plate 200, is used to enter the passage of described lautertuns 100 bottoms;
Described filter course 400 is positioned at the top of described filter plate 200, is used for the first filtration purifying to water;
Described storage part is positioned at the top of described filter course 400 and described filter plate 200, is used to store water to be purified, and the bottom surface of described storage part is described filter course 400 and described filter plate 200.
Wherein, the top of described partition wall 100 can be given prominence to and is provided with a plurality of fixed bars 120 with screw thread 122, and described fixed bar 120 is used for fixing described filter plate 200.
Wherein, can be vertically installed with a plurality of chimney filters 210 on the described filter plate 200, the center of a described chimney filter 210 is about 120mm~150mm to the centre distance of another adjacent chimney filter 210, and described chimney filter 210 is used for purified water and described filter course 400, filter plate 200 are cleaned removal impurity.
Wherein, described chimney filter 210 can comprise the outer chimney filter 212 that is embedded in the described filter plate 200, be anchored on outer peripheral edges on the described outer chimney filter 212 and form threaded filter core 214 and inner peripheral and be formed with filter body 216 with the screw thread of the threads engaged of described filter core 214.
Wherein, the mid portion of described filter plate 200 and described partition wall 110 corresponding positions can be provided with hollow holddown groove 220, insert described hollow holddown groove 220 by the described fixed bar 120 with described partition wall 110, realize fixing described filter plate 200.
Wherein, the length of described filter plate 200 can be about 2m~3m, widely can be about 1m~2m, and height can be about 150mm~200mm.
Wherein, described filter body 216 ends can form jet 218, and described jet 218 is used for removing the impurity that sticks on the described filter plate 200 in the back washing process.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention also provides a kind of water filtration device, and it comprises: top opening and inner lautertuns 100, more than one filter plate 200, filter course 400, a plurality of air injection tube p, manhole 500 and storage part with partition wall 110;
Described filter plate 200 is positioned at the top of described lautertuns 100 and partition wall 110, seals described lautertuns 100;
Described air injection tube p is positioned at the below of described filter plate 200, and described air injection tube p produces gas pressure by radiating gas, thereby removes the impurity that is deposited in described filter plate 200 and the described filter course 400;
Described manhole 500 is positioned at the mid portion of described filter plate 200, is used to enter the passage of described lautertuns 100 bottoms;
Described filter course 400 is positioned at the top of described filter plate 200, is used for the first filtration purifying to water;
Described storage part is positioned at the top of described filter course 400 and described filter plate 200, is used to store water to be purified, and the bottom surface of described storage part is described filter course 400 and described filter plate 200;
The top of described partition wall 100 is given prominence to and is provided with a plurality of fixed bars 120 with screw thread 122;
Be vertically installed with a plurality of chimney filters 210 on the described filter plate 200, the center of a described chimney filter 210 is about 120mm~150mm to the centre distance of another adjacent chimney filter 210;
The mid portion of described filter plate 200 and described partition wall 110 corresponding positions are provided with hollow holddown groove 220, insert behind the described hollow holddown groove 220 to be anchored on the described screw thread 122 of each described fixed bar 120 with set bolt 300 by the described fixed bar 120 with described partition wall 110 again and realize fixing described filter plate 200;
The length of described filter plate 200 is about 2m~3m, and wide is about 1m~2m, and high is about 150mm~200mm;
Described filter course 400 is formed by sand and stone;
The hole body 510 of described manhole 500 also is provided with described chimney filter 210, and the length of described chimney filter 210 will be longer than in the bottom of described hole body 510.
The present invention also provides a kind of manufacture method of above-mentioned water filtration device, and it comprises:
The first step is poured into a mould described lautertuns 100, and the top of described lautertuns 100 is open;
Second step is at a plurality of described air injection tube p of described lautertuns 100 inner installations;
The 3rd step, make described filter plate 200, described filter plate 200 at least one sides have outstanding a plurality of reinforcing bars 202, and described reinforcing bar is arranged on the top side wall of described lautertuns 100, thereby make described filter plate 200 be positioned at the top of described lautertuns 100, seal described lautertuns 100;
The 4th step, described filter plate 200 is installed, at least one described filter plate 200 is installed above described lautertuns 100, described a plurality of air injection tube p are positioned at the below of described filter plate 200;
The 5th step, reinforce described filter plate 200, make its stable top that is placed in described lautertuns 100;
The 6th step, above outstanding described reinforcing bar 202 1 sides of described filter plate 200, build metope, the space that described metope and described filter plate 200 form is used as the portion of accumulating of the water that needs filtration;
The 7th step, formation filter course 400 on described filter plate 200.
The present invention also provides the above-mentioned application of water filtration device in the desalt process.
With respect to water filtration device of the prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention:
Water filtration device provided by the invention and manufacture method thereof because of the most chimney filters that are arranged on most filter plates can keep identical spacing, avoid occurring the backwater district when implementing back washing, can promote consumer's degree of belief when improving the water purification quality.Described filter plate is installed simple, but can not only increase work efficiency and the reduction of erection time has the effect of saving mounting cost.The described filter plate of installing is very firm, also can not get loose because of the pressure of water when back washing or breakage, thereby save the maintenance and repair expense.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the cross section exemplary plot of traditional water filter plant;
Fig. 2 is the plane exemplary plot of traditional water filter plant;
Fig. 3 is the flow chart of water filtration device manufacture method provided by the invention;
Fig. 4 is the sectional view of water filtration device provided by the invention;
Fig. 5 is the vertical view of water filtration device provided by the invention;
Fig. 6 is the fixed bar of water filtration device provided by the invention and the partial enlarged drawing of hollow holddown groove;
Fig. 7 is the partial cross section exemplary plot of water filtration device provided by the invention;
Fig. 8 is a filter plate inspection shaft exemplary plot provided by the invention;
Fig. 9 is a chimney filter released state exemplary plot provided by the invention;
Figure 10 is a chimney filter provided by the invention bonding state exemplary plot after setting completed.
Among the figure:
100, lautertuns; 110, partition wall; 120, fixed bar; 122, screw thread; 200, filter plate; 202, reinforcing bar; 204, in conjunction with bar; 210, chimney filter; 212, outer chimney filter; 214, filter core; 216, filter body; 218, jet; 220, holddown groove; 300, set bolt; 400, filter course; 500, inspection shaft; P, air injection tube.
The specific embodiment
The invention provides a kind of water filtration device, it comprises: top opening and inner lautertuns 100, more than one filter plate 200, filter course 400, a plurality of air injection tube p, manhole 500 and storage part with partition wall 110;
Described filter plate 200 is positioned at the top of described lautertuns 100 and partition wall 110, seals described lautertuns 100;
Described air injection tube p is positioned at the below of described filter plate 200, and described air injection tube p produces gas pressure by radiating gas, thereby removes the impurity that is deposited in described filter plate 200 and the described filter course 400;
Described manhole 500 is positioned at the mid portion of described filter plate 200, is used to enter the passage of described lautertuns 100 bottoms;
Described filter course 400 is positioned at the top of described filter plate 200, is used for the first filtration purifying to water;
Described storage part is positioned at the top of described filter course 400 and described filter plate 200, is used to store water to be purified, and the bottom surface of described storage part is described filter course 400 and described filter plate 200.
Wherein, described filter plate 200 at least one sides have outstanding a plurality of reinforcing bars 202, described reinforcing bar is arranged on the top side wall of described lautertuns 100, thereby make described filter plate 200 be positioned at the top of described lautertuns 100, seal described lautertuns 100, the quantity of a described side reinforcing bar 202 is to set as required, and preferred number is 5 to 15, by on described reinforcing bar 202, building side wall, thereby form described storage part by described filter course 400, described filter plate 200 and side wall with concrete.
Wherein, described lautertuns 100 can adopt the concrete cast to form, the size of described lautertuns 100 can be set as required, preferred its length, wide, the high specification that adopts 4.1m~6.2m * 1.1m~3.2 * 1.1m~4.2m, the bottom surface that the summation that guarantees a described filter plate 200 or a plurality of described filter plates 200 can cover described lautertuns 100 fully gets final product, can partition wall 110 vertically be set along the direction parallel in described lautertuns 100 inside with one side, the shape of described lautertuns 100 is preferably cuboid or square, cuboid more preferably, the bottom surface of described lautertuns 100 is preferably rectangle or square, rectangle more preferably, at this moment, the partition wall 110 of described lautertuns 100 inside is along vertically being provided with in described lautertuns 100 inside with described rectangle or square parallel on one side longitudinally direction, the number of described partition wall 110 is set as required, be preferably more than 1, under described filter plate 200 was a plurality of situation, the number of described partition wall 110 was preferably more than 2.
Further, when rectangle is adopted in the bottom surface of described lautertuns 100, if strengthen the capacity of described lautertuns 100, can be on the basis that keeps identical longitudinal length be the unit extending transversely with 1m~2m, and can proportionally set up the quantity of described partition wall 110.
Wherein, the top of each described partition wall 110 can be given prominence to and is provided with a plurality of fixed bars 120 with screw thread 122, the quantity of the described fixed bar 120 on each described partition wall 110 is to set as required, and preferably the quantity of the described fixed bar 120 on each described partition wall 110 is 5 to 25.
Further, described a plurality of fixed bars 120 on each described partition wall 110 can be concentrated at the middle body of described partition wall 110 and be provided with, also can on whole described partition wall 110, disperse to be provided with, described a plurality of fixed bar 120 can have at interval, described interval is the length according to described partition wall 110, described fixed bar 120 number determined, when adopting concentrated the setting, distance between described adjacent two fixed bars 120 is preferably 15mm~35mm, when adopt disperseing to be provided with, has the 75mm of being preferably~150mm between described adjacent two fixed bars 120.
Wherein, described a plurality of air injection tube p preferably are arranged on the bottom surface of the body of wall of both sides of described lautertuns 100 and/or described lautertuns, and the quantity of described air injection tube p is to set arbitrarily as required.
Wherein, described filter plate 200 can adopt the concrete cast to form, described filter plate 200 can be set according to the bottom shape of described lautertuns 100, preferred described filter plate 200 be shaped as cuboid or square, more preferably cuboid, the length of described filter plate 200, wide, the high preferred specification that adopts 2m~3m * 1m~2m * 150mm~200mm, guarantee that the bottom surface that described filter plate 200 can cover described lautertuns fully gets final product, this also is too small in order to solve old-fashioned filter plate, install comparatively complicated problems, filter plate 200 rugged construction of the present invention, durability is strong, own wt is heavy, when carrying out back washing, can not cause described filter plate 200 to become flexible because of the pressure of air by described air injection tube p yet, thereby reach stable purifying water effect, when described water filtration device adopted a plurality of described filter plate 200, the quantity of the described filter plate 200 that is adopted was by the ratio decision of the floor space of floor space of himself and described filter pocket 100.
Wherein, when described water filtration device only adopts a described filter plate 200, the both sides of described filter plate 200 can all be given prominence to and are provided with a plurality of reinforcing bars 202, when described water filtration device adopts a plurality of described filter plate 200, two described filter plates 200 of close described water filtration device both sides can be given prominence near a side of described filter pocket 100 sidewalls and be provided with described reinforcing bar 202, another side on the other side can be provided with in conjunction with bar 204, middle described filter plate 200 both sides all are formed with in conjunction with bar 204, describedly can make when installing in conjunction with bar, a plurality of filter plate 200 firm to being connected into an integral body.
Wherein, on described filter plate 200, be vertically installed with a plurality of chimney filters 210, described chimney filter 210 has certain spacing between any two, chimney filter on the described filter plate 200 is preferably 50~150, the distance that described chimney filter 210 spacing between any two is preferably from the center of a chimney filter 210 to the center of another adjacent chimney filter 210 is 120mm~150mm, this is because when air injection tube p emission gases at high pressure are above flowing into described filter plate 200 by each chimney filter 210 in implementing the back washing process, the palp scope of air pressure is exactly within 120mm~150mm, thereby prevents the zone that the backwater district promptly avoids occurring failing to clean because of the air pressure deficiency impurity.
Further, be arranged at a plurality of chimney filters 210 on the described filter plate 200 and can comprise the outer chimney filter 212 that is embedded in the described plate 200, be anchored on outer peripheral edges on the described outer chimney filter 212 and form threaded filter core 214 and inner peripheral and be formed with filter body 216 with the screw thread of the threads engaged of described filter core 214, further preferred described a plurality of chimney filters 210 by outer chimney filter 212, be anchored on outer peripheral edges on the described outer chimney filter 212 and form threaded filter core 214 and inner peripheral and be formed with the filter body 216 of the screw thread of the threads engaged of described filter core 214 and form.The tradition chimney filter is compared with chimney filter 210 described herein, and traditional chimney filter adopts is the mode that will the hard button of filter body be arranged on the filter core, its shortcoming be long-time use or breakage after be difficult to transposing.For addressing the above problem, at the outer peripheral edges of described filter core 214 and each self-forming screw thread (N) (N ') of inner peripheral of described filter body 216, the mode that adopts screw to fix is fixed described filter core 214 or is separated with filter body 216, operate easier.
Wherein, can further prolong the end of described filter body 216, form a plurality of jets 218 at described prolongation, in implementing the back washing process, the washings of injection can thoroughly be removed the impurity that sticks on the described filter plate 200 by described jet 218.
Wherein, when only adopting a described filter plate 200, part is provided with manhole 500 therebetween, described manhole 500 is passages of discrepancy lautertuns 100 bottoms, when adopting a plurality of described filter plate 200, select wherein at least one, part is provided with described manhole 500 therebetween, the hole body 510 of described manhole 500 is preferably rectangular build or square build, more preferably rectangular build, described hole body 510 also is provided with described chimney filter 210, and the length of described chimney filter 210 will be longer than in the bottom of described hole body 510, avoid described chimney filter directly to touch ground and impaired, integrated handle 520 can be set above described hole body 510.
Wherein, described filter plate 200 mid portions and each described partition wall 110 corresponding position are provided with a hollow longitudinally holddown groove 220, this described hollow holddown groove 220 can make described a plurality of fixed bars 120 of described partition wall 110 insert wherein, described hollow holddown groove preferably adopts rectangle, when described a plurality of fixed bars 120 are concentrated when being set together, described hollow holddown groove can only be provided with one, a plurality of described fixed bars 120 are all inserted wherein, when described fixed bar 120 disperses to be arranged on the whole partition wall 110, described hollow holddown groove 220 also can be arranged to a plurality of, disperses to be provided with.
Wherein, the hollow holddown groove 220 of stating can set up non-shrink mortar with the position that described filter plate 200 links to each other.
Wherein, described filter plate 200 also is positioned at the top of described partition wall 110 of described lautertuns 100 to seal described lautertuns 100, when described filter plate 200 is one, a plurality of reinforcing bars 202 of its both sides are arranged on the side walls top of described lautertuns, described filter plate 200 mid portions are fixed by described partition wall 110, the fixing described filter plate 200 of mode that the described longitudinally hollow holddown groove of described filter plate 200 mid portions 200 and described partition wall 110 outstanding described fixed bars 120 interlock.
Wherein, further, fixed bar 120 back that buckles into described partition wall 110 by the hollow holddown groove 220 with described filter plate 200 is anchored on set bolt 300 on the screw thread 122 of each described fixed bar 120 to reinforce described filter plate 200.
Further, more firm for the structure that makes described filter plate 200, can weld behind the described set bolt 300 in assembling on the described screw thread 122 of described fixed bar 120 and make it firmer.
Wherein, can be by above described filter plate 200, laying one deck stone and sand forming described filter course 400, the described filter course 400 that described stone and sand form can carry out polluter in the first filtered water makes water reach the effect of certain purifying.
Wherein, above-mentioned water filtration device provided by the present invention also can only be made of top these parts of mentioning.
The water filtration device of forming by said structure provided by the present invention, its action principle is: the rainwater or the river that at first flow into lautertuns 100 inside carry out 1 purification by described filter course 400, and then carry out 2 times through most chimney filters 210 of described filter plate 200 and filter, after flow into lautertuns 100 the bottom be discharged into the outside again, the water that obtain this moment is contaminated environment more not, and the water that obtains after the clean water treatment for several times of carrying out in the same manner can be used as drinking water.
In the process of carrying out above-mentioned rainwater or river water cleaning, can deposit impurity in the chimney filter 210 of described filter course 400 and filter plate 200, therefore should regularly implement back washing to remove the foreign matter of deposition.When back washing, inject gases at high pressure by the air injection tube P that is arranged at described filter plate 200 bottoms, gas flow into lautertuns 100 inside via described air injection tube P, and by described a plurality of chimney filters 210 reverse tops that pour into or be ejected into filter plate 200, peel off with this and to be deposited on the impurity in chimney filter 210 and the filter course 400 or to make it floating, and be discharged into the outside by the drainage channels above the filter pocket 100 (not having diagram).
The chimney filter 210 that is placed on the most filter plates 200 above the described lautertuns 100 should keep a determining deviation to make the air pressure of described air injection tube P injection arrive the top of described filter plate 200 and the filter course of building on described filter plate 200 400 by described chimney filter 210, thereby prevent the generation in backwater district, influence the water purification quality.
Because of described filter plate 200 own wts more heavy, can not become flexible because of the gases at high pressure that described air injection tube P sprays, described lautertuns 100 inner also available set bolts 220 are fixed with the fixed bar 120 that give prominence to partition wall 110 tops, thereby have guaranteed the security of structure.
In addition, the present invention also provides a kind of manufacture method of above-mentioned water filtration device, and it comprises:
The first step is poured into a mould described lautertuns 100, and the top of described lautertuns 100 is open;
Second step is at a plurality of described air injection tube p of described lautertuns 100 inner installations;
The 3rd step, make described filter plate 200, described filter plate 200 at least one sides have most outstanding reinforcing bars 202, and described reinforcing bar 202 is arranged on the top side wall of described lautertuns 100, thereby make described filter plate 200 be positioned at the top of described lautertuns 100, seal described lautertuns 100;
The 4th step, described filter plate 200 is installed, at least one described filter plate 200 is installed above described lautertuns 100, described a plurality of air injection tube p are positioned at the below of described filter plate 200;
The 5th step, reinforce described filter plate 200, make its stable top that is placed in described lautertuns 100;
The 6th step, above outstanding described reinforcing bar 202 1 sides of described filter plate 200, build metope, the space that described metope and described filter plate 200 form is used as the portion of accumulating of the water that needs filtration;
The 7th step, formation filter course 400 on described filter plate 200.
Wherein, in the described first step, described lautertuns 100 can adopt the concrete cast to form, the size of described lautertuns can be set as required, preferred its length, wide, the high specification that adopts 4.1m~6.2m * 1.1m~3.2 * 1.1m~4.2m, the bottom surface that the summation that guarantees a described filter plate 200 or a plurality of described filter plates 200 can cover described lautertuns 100 fully gets final product, can partition wall 110 vertically be set along the direction parallel in described lautertuns 100 inside with one side, the shape of described lautertuns 100 is preferably cuboid or square, more preferably cuboid, the bottom surface of described lautertuns 100 is preferably rectangle or square, more preferably rectangle, at this moment, the partition wall 110 of described lautertuns 100 inside is along vertically being provided with in described lautertuns 100 inside with described rectangle or square parallel on one side longitudinally direction, the number of described partition wall 110 can be for more than 1, set as required, under described filter plate 200 was a plurality of situation, the number of described partition wall 110 was preferably more than 2.
Wherein, in the described first step, when rectangle is adopted in the bottom surface of described lautertuns 100, if strengthen the capacity of described lautertuns 100, can be the unit extending transversely keeping on the basis of identical longitudinal length, and can proportionally set up the quantity of described partition wall 110 with 1m~2m.
Wherein, in the described first step, the top of each described partition wall 110 can be given prominence to and is provided with a plurality of fixed bars 120 with screw thread 122, the quantity of the described fixed bar 120 on each described partition wall 110 is to set as required, and preferably the quantity of the described fixed bar 120 on each described partition wall 110 is 5 to 25.
Wherein, in the described first step, described a plurality of fixed bars 120 can be concentrated at the middle body of described partition wall 110 and be provided with, and also can disperse to be provided with on whole described partition wall 110, and described a plurality of fixed bars 120 can have at interval.
Wherein, in described second step, described a plurality of air injection tube p preferably are arranged on the bottom surface of the body of wall of both sides of described lautertuns 100 and/or described lautertuns, and the quantity of described air injection tube p is to set arbitrarily as required.
Wherein, in described second step, described a plurality of air injection tube p produce gas pressure by radiating gas, are deposited on the chimney filter 210 and the impurity in the filter course 400 of described filter plate 200 or make it floating thereby remove, thereby be discharged into the outside.
Wherein, in described the 3rd step, described filter plate 200 can adopt the concrete cast to form, described filter plate 200 can be set according to the bottom shape of described filter pocket 100, preferred described filter plate 200 be shaped as cuboid or square, cuboid more preferably, the length of described filter plate 200, wide, the high preferred specification that adopts 2m~3m * 1m~2m * 150mm~200mm, guarantee that the bottom surface that described filter plate 200 can cover described lautertuns fully gets final product, this also is too small in order to solve old-fashioned filter plate, install comparatively complicated problems, filter plate 200 rugged construction of the present invention, durability is strong, own wt is heavy, also can not cause described filter plate 200 to become flexible when carrying out back washing by described air injection tube p because of the pressure of air, thereby reach stable purifying water effect, when described water filtration device adopted a plurality of described filter plate 200, the quantity of the described filter plate 200 that is adopted was by the ratio decision of the floor space of floor space of himself and described filter pocket 100.
Wherein, in described the 3rd step, when described water filtration device only adopts a described filter plate 200, the both sides of described filter plate 200 can all be given prominence to and are provided with a plurality of reinforcing bars 202, when described water filtration device adopts a plurality of described filter plate 200, two described filter plates 200 of close described water filtration device both sides can be given prominence near a side of described filter pocket 100 sidewalls and be provided with described reinforcing bar 202, another side on the other side can be provided with in conjunction with bar 204, middle described filter plate 200 both sides all are formed with in conjunction with bar 204, describedly can make when installing in conjunction with bar, a plurality of filter plate 200 firm to being connected into an integral body.
Wherein, in described the 3rd step, on described filter plate 200, be vertically installed with a plurality of chimney filters 210, described chimney filter 210 has certain spacing between any two, chimney filter on the described filter plate 200 is preferably 50~150, the distance that described chimney filter 210 spacing between any two is preferably from the center of a chimney filter 210 to the center of another adjacent chimney filter 210 is 120mm~150mm, this is because when air injection tube p emission gases at high pressure are above flowing into described filter plate 200 by each chimney filter 210 in implementing the back washing process, the palp scope of air pressure is exactly within 120mm~150mm, thereby prevents the zone that the backwater district promptly avoids occurring failing to clean because of the air pressure deficiency impurity.
Wherein, in described the 3rd step, be arranged at a plurality of chimney filters 210 on the described filter plate 200 and can comprise the outer chimney filter 212 that is embedded in the described plate 200, be anchored on outer peripheral edges on the described outer chimney filter 212 and form threaded filter core 214 and inner peripheral and be formed with filter body 216 with the screw thread of the threads engaged of described filter core 214, further preferred described a plurality of chimney filters 210 by outer chimney filter 212, be anchored on outer peripheral edges on the described outer chimney filter 212 and form threaded filter core 214 and inner peripheral and be formed with the filter body 216 of the screw thread of the threads engaged of described filter core 214 and form.The tradition chimney filter is compared with chimney filter 210 described herein, and traditional chimney filter adopts is the mode that will the hard button of filter body be arranged on the filter core, its shortcoming be long-time use or breakage after be difficult to transposing.For addressing the above problem, at the outer peripheral edges of described filter core 214 and each self-forming screw thread (N) (N ') of inner peripheral of described filter body 216, the mode that adopts screw to fix is fixed described filter core 214 or is separated with filter body 216, operate easier.
Wherein, in described the 3rd step, can further prolong the end of described filter body 216, form a plurality of jets 218 at described prolongation, in implementing the back washing process, the washings of injection can thoroughly be removed the impurity that sticks on the described filter plate 200 by described jet 218.
Wherein, in described the 3rd step, when only adopting a described filter plate 200, part is provided with manhole 500 therebetween, described manhole 500 is passages of discrepancy lautertuns 100 bottoms, when adopting a plurality of described filter plate 200, select wherein at least one, part is provided with described manhole 500 therebetween, and the hole body 510 of described manhole 500 is preferably rectangular build or square build, more preferably rectangular build, described hole body 510 also is provided with described chimney filter 210, the length of described chimney filter 210 will be longer than in the bottom of described hole body 510, avoids described chimney filter directly to touch ground and impaired, and integrated handle 520 can be set above described hole body 510.
Wherein, in described the 3rd step, described filter plate 200 mid portions and each described partition wall 110 corresponding position have a hollow longitudinally holddown groove 220, this described hollow holddown groove 220 can make described a plurality of fixed bars 120 of described partition wall 110 insert wherein, described hollow holddown groove preferably adopts rectangle, when described a plurality of fixed bars 120 are concentrated when being set together, described hollow holddown groove can only be provided with one, a plurality of described fixed bars 120 are all inserted wherein, when described fixed bar 120 disperses to be arranged on the whole partition wall 110, described hollow holddown groove 220 also can be arranged to a plurality of, disperses to be provided with.
Wherein, can set up non-shrink mortar at described hollow holddown groove 220 with the position that described filter plate 200 links to each other.
Wherein, in described the 4th step, described filter plate 200 also is arranged on the top of described partition wall 110 of described lautertuns 100 to seal described lautertuns 100, when described filter plate 200 is one, a plurality of reinforcing bars 202 of its both sides are positioned at the top of the side walls of described lautertuns, described filter plate 200 mid portions are fixed by described partition wall 110, the fixing described filter plate 200 of mode that the described longitudinally hollow holddown groove of described filter plate 200 mid portions 200 and described partition wall 110 outstanding described fixed bars 120 interlock.
Wherein, the described filter plate 200 of reinforcing in described the 5th step can be to be anchored on set bolt 300 on the screw thread 122 of described fixed bar 120 to reinforce described filter plate 200 by fixed bar 120 back that the hollow holddown groove 220 with described filter plate 200 buckles into described partition wall 110.
Wherein, more firm in described the 5th step for the structure that makes described filter plate 200, can weld behind the described set bolt 300 in assembling on the described screw thread 122 of described fixed bar 120 and make it firmer.
Wherein, in described the 6th step, described metope can form by the concrete cast.
Wherein, in described the 7th step, the forming process of described filter course 400 can be by laying one deck stone and sand forming described filter course 400 above described filter plate 200, and the described filter course 400 that described stone and sand form can carry out polluter in the first filtered water makes water reach the effect of certain purifying.
The present invention also provides the above-mentioned application of water filtration device in the desalt process.
The present invention also provides the using method of above-mentioned water filtration device.
Above-mentioned water filtration device provided by the invention can purifying river water, rainwater or other any sanitary sewages.
Describe embodiments of the present invention in detail below with reference to drawings and Examples, how the application technology means solve technical problem to the present invention whereby, and the implementation procedure of reaching technique effect can fully understand and implements according to this.
Water filtration device provided by the present invention is to be made of top opening and inner lautertuns with partition wall 110 100, two filter plates 200, filter course 400, a plurality of air injection tube p, manhole 500 and storage parts.
As Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and shown in Figure 7, described lautertuns 100 be with the rectangular structure of armored concrete cast the space of opening above, the length of described lautertuns 100 is 5m, wide is 1.5m, height is 2m, with the rectangular wide parallel direction in the bottom surface of described lautertuns 100 two partition walls 110 are set vertically on described lautertuns 100 inner edges, if increase the volume of lautertuns 100, can keep on the basis of wide length carrying out prolongation on the length direction with the length of 1m~2m, thereupon, the quantity of described partition wall 110 also should proportionally be set up, and the quantity of corresponding filter plate 200 also increases thereupon.
The top of each partition wall 110 is outstanding to be provided with 15 and to be threaded 122 fixed bar 120, and these 15 fixed bars 120 are concentrated the middle bodies that are arranged on each partition wall 110, and the distance between two adjacent fixed bars 120 is 25mm.
The air injection tube p that are positioned at described filter plate 200 belows in the described lautertuns 100 are arranged on the bottom surface of the body of wall of both sides of described lautertuns 100 and described lautertuns, and the quantity of described air injection tube p is 75.
Extremely shown in Figure 10 as Fig. 4, two described filter plates 200 are positioned over described lautertuns 100 two partition walls 110 the top with the sealing lautertuns 100, each described filter plate 200 adopts the armored concrete cast to form, two filter plates 200 can cover the bottom surface of described lautertuns 100 altogether fully, shape according to the described filter plate 200 of shape of the bottom surface of lautertuns 100 is set to cuboid, it is long to be 1.5m for 2.5m is wide, height is 170mm, these filter plate 200 rugged construction, durability is strong, own wt is heavy, when carrying out back washing, can not cause described filter plate 200 to become flexible because of the pressure of air by described air injection tube p yet, thereby reach stable purifying water effect, each described filter plate 200 is given prominence near the side of described lautertuns 100 sidewalls and is provided with 7 reinforcing bars 202, the side that keeps clear of described lautertuns 100 sidewalls is provided with in conjunction with bar 204, and the reinforcing bar 202 of each lautertuns 100 is arranged on the top side wall of described lautertuns 100, and two filter plates 200 are by being connected into an integral body in conjunction with 204 pairs of bars.
Tool chimney filter 210 at regular intervals between any two vertically is set on each described filter plate 200, and the quantity of chimney filter 210 is 75, and the distance from the center of a chimney filter 210 to the center of another adjacent chimney filter 210 is 130mm, thereby prevents the backwater district.
Each filter plate 200 mid portion and its partition wall 110 corresponding positions are provided with a hollow longitudinally holddown groove 220, this described hollow holddown groove 220 can make the fixed bar 120 of this corresponding partition wall 110 all insert wherein, the excellent employing rectangle of described hollow holddown groove, for more fixing filter plate 200, fixed bar 120 backs that buckle into the partition wall corresponding with it 110 at hollow holddown groove 220 are anchored on the screw thread 122 of each fixed bar 120 with set bolt 300.
As shown in Figure 9, be arranged at chimney filter 210 on the described filter plate 200 by being embedded in outer chimney filter 212 in the filter plate 200, being anchored on outer peripheral edges on the outer chimney filter 212 and forming threaded filter core 214 and inner peripheral and be formed with the filter body 216 of the screw thread of the threads engaged of filter core 214 and form, at the outer peripheral edges of described filter core 214 and each self-forming screw thread (N) (N ') of inner peripheral of described filter body 216, and adopt screw with described filter core 214 with filter body and fix or separate, operate easier.
As shown in figure 10, filter body 216 ends of the described chimney filter 210 of process lengthening form most jets 218, thereby the washings that spray when implementing back washing can thoroughly be removed the impurity that sticks to above the described filter plate 200 by described jet 218.
Mid portion at each filter plate 200 is provided with manhole 500, this manhole 500 is passages of discrepancy lautertuns 100 bottoms, the hole body 510 of described manhole 500 is rectangular build, described hole body 510 also is provided with chimney filter 210, the length of described chimney filter 210 will be longer than in the bottom of described hole body 510, avoid described chimney filter directly to touch ground and impaired, integrated handle 520 is set above described hole body 510.
Above filter plate 200, lay sand and stone layer, form filter course 400.
Above reinforcing bar one side of filter plate 200, set up concrete wall surface, thereby form the storage part that constitutes by both sides metope and filter plate 200 and filter course 400, be used to store rainwater to be purified, river or sewage etc.
As shown in Figure 3, the manufacturing of water filtration device of the present invention need be passed through following steps:
The first step is poured into a mould described lautertuns 100, and the top of described lautertuns 100 is open;
Second step is at a plurality of described air injection tube p of described lautertuns 100 inner installations;
The 3rd step, make described filter plate 200, described filter plate 200 at least one sides have most outstanding reinforcing bars 202, and described reinforcing bar is arranged on the top side wall of described lautertuns 100, thereby make described filter plate 200 be positioned at the top of described lautertuns 100, seal described lautertuns 100;
The 4th step, described filter plate 200 is installed, at least one described filter plate 200 is installed above described lautertuns 100, described a plurality of air injection tube p are positioned at the below of described filter plate 200;
The 5th step, reinforce described filter plate 200, make its stable top that is placed in described lautertuns 100;
The 6th step, above outstanding described reinforcing bar 202 1 sides of described filter plate 200, build metope, the space that described metope and described filter plate 200 form is used as the portion of accumulating of the water that needs filtration;
The 7th step, formation filter course 400 on described filter plate 200.
This intellectual property of primary enforcement that all are above-mentioned is not set restriction this new product of other forms of enforcement and/or new method.Those skilled in the art will utilize this important information, and foregoing is revised, to realize similar implementation status.But all modifications or transformation belong to the right of reservation based on new product of the present invention.
The above only is preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not to be the restriction of the present invention being made other form, and any those skilled in the art may utilize the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement to be changed or be modified as the equivalent embodiment of equivalent variations.But every technical solution of the present invention content that do not break away to any simple modification, equivalent variations and remodeling that above embodiment did, still belongs to the protection domain of technical solution of the present invention according to technical spirit of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a water filtration device is characterized in that, comprising: top opening and inside have the lautertuns (100) of partition wall (110), more than one filter plate (200), filter course (400), a plurality of air injection tube (p), manhole (500) and storage part;
Described filter plate (200) is positioned at the top of described lautertuns (100) and partition wall (110), seals described lautertuns (100);
Described air injection tube (p) is positioned at the below of described filter plate (200), and described air injection tube (p) produces gas pressure by radiating gas, thereby removes the impurity that is deposited in described filter plate (200) and the described filter course (400);
Described manhole (500) is positioned at the mid portion of described filter plate (200), is used to enter the passage of described lautertuns (100) bottom;
Described filter course (400) is positioned at the top of described filter plate (200), is used for the first filtration purifying to water;
Described storage part is positioned at the top of described filter course (400) and described filter plate (200), is used to store water to be purified, and the bottom surface of described storage part is described filter course (400) and described filter plate (200).
2. water filtration device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the top of described partition wall (100) is outstanding to be provided with a plurality of fixed bars (120) with screw thread (122), and described fixed bar (120) is used for fixing described filter plate (200).
3. water filtration device as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: be vertically installed with a plurality of chimney filters (210) on the described filter plate (200), the center of a described chimney filter (210) is about 120mm~150mm to the centre distance of adjacent another chimney filter (210), and described chimney filter (210) is used for purified water and described filter course (400), filter plate (200) are cleaned removal impurity.
4. water filtration device as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that: described chimney filter (210) comprises the outer chimney filter (212) that is embedded in the described filter plate (200), be anchored on outer peripheral edges on the described outer chimney filter (212) forms threaded filter core (214) and inner peripheral and is formed with filter body (216) with the screw thread of the threads engaged of described filter core (214).
5. as the described water filtration device of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that: the mid portion of described filter plate (200) and the corresponding position of described partition wall (110) are provided with hollow holddown groove (220), insert described hollow holddown groove (220) by described fixed bar (120), realize fixing described filter plate (200) with described partition wall (110).
6. as the described water filtration device of claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that: the length of described filter plate (200) is about 2m~3m, and wide is about 1m~2m, and high is about 150mm~200mm.
7. as the described water filtration device of claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that: the terminal jet (218) that forms of described filter body (216), described jet (218) is used for removing the impurity that sticks on the described filter plate (200) in the back washing process.
8. a water filtration device is characterized in that, comprising: top opening and inside have the lautertuns (100) of partition wall (110), more than one filter plate (200), filter course (400), a plurality of air injection tube (p), manhole (500) and storage part;
Described filter plate (200) is positioned at the top of described lautertuns (100) and partition wall (110), seals described lautertuns (100);
Described air injection tube (p) is positioned at the below of described filter plate (200), and described air injection tube (p) produces gas pressure by radiating gas, thereby removes the impurity that is deposited in described filter plate (200) and the described filter course (400);
Described manhole (500) is positioned at the mid portion of described filter plate (200), is used to enter the passage of described lautertuns (100) bottom;
Described filter course (400) is positioned at the top of described filter plate (200), is used for the first filtration purifying to water;
Described storage part is positioned at the top of described filter course (400) and described filter plate (200), is used to store water to be purified, and the bottom surface of described storage part is described filter course (400) and described filter plate (200);
The top of described partition wall (100) is given prominence to and is provided with a plurality of fixed bars (120) with screw thread (122);
Be vertically installed with a plurality of chimney filters (210) on the described filter plate (200), the center of a described chimney filter (210) is about 120mm~150mm to the centre distance of adjacent another chimney filter (210);
The mid portion of described filter plate (200) and the corresponding position of described partition wall (110) are provided with hollow holddown groove (220), insert the described screw thread (122) of using set bolt (300) to be anchored on each described fixed bar (120) again behind the described hollow holddown groove (220) by the described fixed bar (120) with described partition wall (110) and go up realization fixing described filter plate (200);
The length of described filter plate (200) is about 2m~3m, and wide is about 1m~2m, and high is about 150mm~200mm;
Described filter course (400) is formed by sand and stone;
The hole body (510) of described manhole (500) also is provided with described chimney filter (210), and the length of described chimney filter (210) will be longer than in the bottom of described hole body (510).
9. the manufacture method of each described water filtration device of claim 1 to 8 is characterized in that:
The first step is poured into a mould described lautertuns (100), and the top of described lautertuns (100) is open;
Second step is at the inner a plurality of described air injection tubes (p) of installing of described lautertuns (100);
The 3rd step, make described filter plate (200), at least one side of described filter plate (200) has outstanding a plurality of reinforcing bars (202), described reinforcing bar (202) is arranged on the top side wall of described lautertuns (100), thereby (2000 are positioned at the top of described lautertuns (100), seal described lautertuns (100) to make described filter plate;
The 4th step, described filter plate 200 is installed, at least one described filter plate (200) is installed in the top of described lautertuns (100), described a plurality of air injection tubes (p) are positioned at the below of described filter plate (200);
The 5th step, reinforce described filter plate (200), make its stable top that is placed in described lautertuns (100);
The 6th step, build metope in outstanding described reinforcing bar (202) the one sides top of described filter plate (200), the space that described metope and described filter plate (200) form is used as the portion of accumulating of the water that need filter;
The 7th step, formation filter course (400) on described filter plate (200).。
10. each described water filtration device application in the desalt process of claim 1 to 8.
CN2011101399725A 2011-05-27 2011-05-27 Water filter equipment Pending CN102284202A (en)

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Cited By (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102887583A (en) * 2012-02-22 2013-01-23 株式会社智承开发 Biological filtration device capable of clearing away nitrogen and phosphorus at the same time
CN104822431A (en) * 2012-12-14 2015-08-05 日立造船株式会社 Cleaning system for sand filtration layer
CN104941271A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-09-30 杭州安耐杰科技有限公司 Optimized mechanical filter
CN105688475A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-06-22 株式会社智承开发 Lower segment water-collecting device with equidistantly arranged filter caps
CN106703157A (en) * 2017-01-12 2017-05-24 杭州江润科技有限公司 Method for constructing structures for recycling and comprehensively utilizing rainwater

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CN2367369Y (en) * 1999-04-19 2000-03-08 池万清 Back-flushing device for siphon filtering tank
CN1362566A (en) * 2001-12-26 2002-08-07 池万清 Filtering board mold and its usage in making filtering board

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US4118322A (en) * 1976-05-17 1978-10-03 Hydrotechnic Corporation Filtering apparatus for liquids
CN2193194Y (en) * 1994-05-18 1995-03-29 成都蓉飞设备厂 Adjustable filtering head for air-water back-flushing filtering tank
CN2367369Y (en) * 1999-04-19 2000-03-08 池万清 Back-flushing device for siphon filtering tank
CN1362566A (en) * 2001-12-26 2002-08-07 池万清 Filtering board mold and its usage in making filtering board

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102887583A (en) * 2012-02-22 2013-01-23 株式会社智承开发 Biological filtration device capable of clearing away nitrogen and phosphorus at the same time
CN102887583B (en) * 2012-02-22 2014-12-31 株式会社智承开发 Biological filtration device capable of clearing away nitrogen and phosphorus at the same time
CN104822431A (en) * 2012-12-14 2015-08-05 日立造船株式会社 Cleaning system for sand filtration layer
CN104822431B (en) * 2012-12-14 2016-11-23 日立造船株式会社 Filter the purging system of layer of sand
CN104941271A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-09-30 杭州安耐杰科技有限公司 Optimized mechanical filter
CN104941271B (en) * 2015-07-02 2017-07-04 浙江安耐杰科技股份有限公司 A kind of mechanical filter of optimization
CN105688475A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-06-22 株式会社智承开发 Lower segment water-collecting device with equidistantly arranged filter caps
CN105688475B (en) * 2016-01-29 2017-11-21 株式会社智承开发 The equidistantly hypomere captation of arrangement filter cap
CN106703157A (en) * 2017-01-12 2017-05-24 杭州江润科技有限公司 Method for constructing structures for recycling and comprehensively utilizing rainwater
CN106703157B (en) * 2017-01-12 2019-07-26 杭州江润科技有限公司 Rainwater recycle comprehensively utilizes construction method

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