CN102282999B - Underwater turf planting method for modularized submerged plants - Google Patents

Underwater turf planting method for modularized submerged plants Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102282999B
CN102282999B CN2011101757994A CN201110175799A CN102282999B CN 102282999 B CN102282999 B CN 102282999B CN 2011101757994 A CN2011101757994 A CN 2011101757994A CN 201110175799 A CN201110175799 A CN 201110175799A CN 102282999 B CN102282999 B CN 102282999B
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turf
water
submerged plant
under water
base net
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CN102282999A (en
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王丽卿
季高华
徐后涛
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SHANGHAI AQUA-LIFE ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Shanghai Maritime University
Shanghai Ocean University
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SHANGHAI AQUA-LIFE ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Shanghai Maritime University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses an underwater turf planting method for modularized submerged plants. The method comprises the following steps of: A) making loose and porous block planting grids with certain hardness and toughness by adopting a degradable material or plastic foam according to the hole pitch of 3 to 5 millimeters, wherein the planting grids form a planting base net; B) putting the planting base net into a trough or a pool, laying 10 to 20 centimeters of soil for breeding at the bottom of the trough or the pool, sowing resting bodies or seeds of the submerged plant or cutting the stem segments of the submerged plants on the planting base net, making the submerged plants grown with roots to enter the planting base net at the temperature of between 20 and 25 DEG C under the conditions of moisture preservation, ventilation and illumination, and thus forming an underwater turf module; C) taking the underwater soilless turf module consisting of the submerged plants and the planting grids out of the breeding pool when the submerged plants are grown to the height of 10 to 20 centimeters, coiling the underwater soilless turf module into a cylinder, and conveying the underwater soilless turf module to a planting target water area; and D) laying a soil layer with thickness of 10 to 20 centimeters at the bottom of the target water area in advance, expanding and spreading the underwater turf module on the soil, forming an integral underwater turf landscape of the target water area after the water is drained, and slowly lifting the water level to the water level of the water body landscape after the turf survives.

Description

The heavy water thing of modularization is planted turf implantation methods under water
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of planting technology of turf under water, especially a kind of modularization submerged plant is the implantation methods of turf under water, belong to Landscape Ecology process field or water environment restoration of the ecosystem field, be applicable to the recovery of water body submerged vegetation, be particularly useful for the quick construction of shallow water landscape water body submerged plant cleaning system.
Background technology
Along with various circles of society to the attention of water environment and to the favor of water landscape, all kinds of manmade landscape, artificial landscape's water bodys are built one after another.Landscape water body can improve and beautify the ecotope that people live as the important component part of urban environment.Yet landscape water body often is the little water body of closure, has the defectives such as water body flow is poor, coverage of water is less, the depth of water is more shallow, water body self-purification ability is poor, and is subject to the pollution of greening irrigation, fertilising and rainwash water body and makes water quality deterioration.Often good times don't last long for many landscape water bodies, and As time goes on water body slowly becomes mixed, blackening, fouling, and water scenery becomes the corner or spot as yet untouched by a clean-up campaign on the contrary.Existing conventional landscape water processing mode all respectively has shortcoming: the physical equipment processing cost is high, chemical treatment causes secondary pollution, microbiological treatment to need frequent maintenance easily.
At present, the water ecology processing method is considered to a kind of low cost, is difficult for producing the method for secondary pollution, continuable control body eutrophication, and its key measure is the structure of submerged vegetation.The submerged plant planting method mainly contains cuttage, seeding method, method for transplanting etc. at present.The submerged plant of these methods plantation needs the long time-to-live, and because plant is higher, harvesting is safeguarded frequent, and can not successful Application in the water body that this method is more shallow at water body or turbidity is higher, particularly can't implement at Small-scale Landscape Water Bodies of the hard end.
And reality is, along with the raising of people's living standard, to the favor of water scenery and the construction requirements in garage, residential quarters, the case of building landscape water body on the garage is more and more, thereby causes the landscape water body hard.The water treatment of hard landscape water body is a world-famous puzzle.Therefore, the landscape small water body that particularly has the hard end for landscape water body provides a kind of suitable submerged plant to build fast method, and just becoming needs a significant real problem solving in the relevant water treatment field.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is: solve in the mixed landscape water body that is difficult for directly transplanting the submerged plant plant of hardground water body or water body the submerged plant system and under water the turf view make up.
The implantation methods of this modularization of turf under water submerged plant may further comprise the steps, and it is characterized in that:
A) turf implant bed design under water: adopting degradation material or plastic cement bubble, continuous to be made into loose porous, planar dimension according to 3~5mm pitch-row be that 30 * 40cm, thickness are 2-5cm, has certain degree of hardness and flexible block plantation grid as the plantation base net; And to be equipped with thickness in bulk plantation grid bottom be that 10-20cm cultivates with soil, by the plantation base net with cultivate soil layer and consist of turf implant bed under water.
B) sod culture under water: will plant base net and place in tank or the pond, the control water level lays 10-20cm and cultivates with soil at 30-40cm in the bottom, sow submerged plant hypopus, seed or cuttage submerged plant stem section on the net at planting matrix; Under 20-25 ℃, moisturizing, ventilation, illumination condition, experience about 1 month, submerged plant grows root system, penetrates in the plantation base net, and being combined closely by submerged plant and base net forms turf module under water.
C) turf is transplanted under water: treat that submerged plant grows to 10-20cm when high, with taking out in the cultivation pond without native turf module that submerged plant and plantation grid consist of, be rolled into tubular under water, be placed in the plastic box, take moist keeping measures, avoid direct sunlight, be transported to plantation target waters.
D) turf plantation under water: lay in advance 10-20cm earth soil layer at the bottom, target waters, the turf module is launched to lay to earth under water again, according to turf plant height water inlet under water, height of water level is higher than plant height 5-10cm, the whole submerged plant that forms the target waters is the turf view under water, after the turf survival slowly raising of water level to the water landscape water level.
Described degradation material is starchiness material or straw material.
According to the waters specified conditions that will carry out the purification of water quality processing, select the submerged plants such as eel grass, hydrilla verticillata, water caltrop turf kind under water.
When selecting eel grass as submerged plant among the step B, can utilize seed to sow or carry out with the underground bulb of transplanting.
When selecting hydrilla verticillata as submerged plant among the step B, utilize hibernaculum sowing or stem segment cuttage seed to carry out.
When selecting water caltrop as submerged plant among the step B, utilize the bulbil sowing to carry out.
Carry out step D when operation, rolled by current, stormy waves for preventing the initial stage of laying, available cobble or cover the weight such as sand 3-5cm under water turf push down, through 2-3 week, the turf root system can penetrate in the bed mud under the base net and grow under water.
This modularization submerged plant that proposes according to above technical scheme is the turf implantation methods under water, solved the cultivation that substrate is hard, water body mixes landscape plant in the landscape water body that is difficult for direct transplanting submerged plant plant, for hard water quality of landscape water ecological purification has been opened up a brand-new submerged plant system constructing technology.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the submerged plant planting module map;
Fig. 2 is the section analysis diagram of Fig. 1.
1-submerged plant cauline leaf 2-kind is planted module host material 3-submerged plant root system 4-earth among the figure
Embodiment
This modularization submerged plant as shown in the figure is the turf implantation methods under water, may further comprise the steps:
A) turf implant bed design under water: adopting degradation material or plastic cement bubble, continuous to be made into loose porous, planar dimension according to 3~5mm pitch-row be that 30 * 40cm, thickness are 2-5cm, have certain degree of hardness and flexible block plantation grid as the plantation base net, and to be equipped with thickness in bulk plantation grid bottom be that 10-20cm cultivates with soil, by the plantation base net with cultivate soil layer and consist of turf implant bed under water.
B) sod culture under water: will plant base net and place in tank or the pond, the control water level lays 10-20cm and cultivates with soil at 30-40cm in the bottom, sow submerged plant hypopus, seed or cuttage submerged plant stem section on the net at planting matrix; Under 20-25 ℃, moisturizing, ventilation, illumination condition, experience about 1 month, submerged plant grows root system, penetrates in the plantation base net, and being combined closely by submerged plant and base net forms turf module under water.
C) turf is transplanted under water: treat that submerged plant grows to 10-20cm when high, with taking out in the cultivation pond without native turf module that submerged plant and plantation grid consist of, be rolled into tubular under water, be placed in the plastic box, take moist keeping measures, avoid direct sunlight, be transported to plantation target waters.
D) turf plantation under water: lay in advance 10-20cm earth soil layer at the bottom, target waters, the turf module is launched to lay to earth under water again, and fragmentary cobblestone or the attached sand 3-5cm that places the 5-8cm size pushes down turf on turf.According to the water inlet of turf plant height under water, height of water level is higher than plant height 5-10cm, and the whole submerged plant that forms the target waters is the turf view under water, after the turf survival slowly raising of water level to the water landscape water level.
Described degradation material is starchiness material or straw material, also can adopt plastic cement to steep continuous material; Adopt the plantation base net of degradation material to be applicable at the bottom of the earthy water, adopt the continuous plantation base net of plastic cement bubble to be applicable to the bottom of coagulation soil property.
According to the waters specified conditions that will carry out the purification of water quality processing, select the submerged plants such as eel grass, hydrilla verticillata, water caltrop turf kind under water.
When selecting eel grass as submerged plant among the step B, can utilize seed to sow or carry out with the underground bulb of transplanting.
When selecting hydrilla verticillata as submerged plant among the step B, utilize hibernaculum sowing or stem segment cuttage seed to carry out.
When selecting water caltrop as submerged plant among the step B, utilize the bulbil sowing to carry out.
Carry out step D when operation, rolled by current, stormy waves for preventing the initial stage of laying, available cobble or cover the weight such as sand 3-5cm under water turf push down, through 2-3 week, the turf root system can penetrate in the bed mud under the base net and grow under water.The module host material that adopts the degradation materials such as starchiness material or straw to make can slowly decompose, and the submerged plant during its decomposer is grown absorbs.
The present invention requires the hard landscape water body bottom to lay the 10-20cm soil layer, and the depth of water can use under water that turf changes into the required nutrient of plant growth with the organic matter that exists in the subenvironment water body at least more than 50cm, thereby reaches the effect that purifies water.
This project can be applicable to the depth of water and comprises the 10-20cm soil layer at 60-70cm() and above hard water quality of landscape water ecological purification process or reparation, have great application prospect.

Claims (7)

1. modularization submerged plant turf implantation methods under water, it is characterized in that: it may further comprise the steps:
A) turf implant bed design under water: adopting degradation material or plastic cement bubble, continuous to be made into loose porous, planar dimension according to 3~5mm pitch-row be that 30 * 40cm, thickness are 2-5cm, have certain degree of hardness and flexible block plantation grid as the plantation base net, and to be equipped with thickness in bulk plantation grid bottom be that 10-20cm cultivates with soil, by the plantation base net with cultivate soil layer and consist of turf implant bed under water;
B) sod culture under water: will plant base net and place in tank or the pond, the control water level lays 10-20cm and cultivates with soil at 30-40cm in the bottom, sow submerged plant hypopus, seed or cuttage submerged plant stem section on the net at planting matrix; Under 20-25 ℃, moisturizing, ventilation, illumination condition, experience about 1 month, submerged plant grows root system, penetrates in the plantation base net, and being combined closely by submerged plant and base net forms turf module under water;
C) turf is transplanted under water: treat that submerged plant grows to 10-20cm when high, with taking out in the cultivation pond without native turf module that submerged plant and plantation grid consist of, be rolled into tubular under water, be placed in the plastic box, take moist keeping measures, avoid direct sunlight, be transported to plantation target waters;
D) turf plantation under water: lay in advance 10-20cm earth soil layer at the bottom, target waters, the turf module is launched to lay to earth under water again, according to turf plant height water inlet under water, height of water level is higher than plant height 5-10cm, the whole submerged plant that forms the target waters is the turf view under water, after the turf survival slowly raising of water level to the water landscape water level.
2. such as claim 1 modularization submerged plant turf implantation methods under water, it is characterized in that: described degradation material is starchiness material or straw.
3. such as claim 1 modularization submerged plant turf implantation methods under water, it is characterized in that: according to the waters specified conditions that will carry out purification of water quality and process, select eel grass or hydrilla verticillata, water caltrop submerged plant kind.
4. such as claim 1 modularization submerged plant turf implantation methods under water, it is characterized in that: when selecting eel grass as submerged plant among the step B, can utilize seed to sow or carry out with the underground bulb of transplanting.
5. such as claim 1 modularization submerged plant turf implantation methods under water, it is characterized in that: when selecting hydrilla verticillata as submerged plant among the step B, utilize hibernaculum sowing or stem segment cuttage seed to carry out.
6. such as claim 1 modularization submerged plant turf implantation methods under water, it is characterized in that: when selecting water caltrop as submerged plant among the step B, utilize the bulbil sowing to carry out.
7. such as claim 1 modularization submerged plant turf implantation methods under water, it is characterized in that: when carrying out the operation of step D, for preventing that the initial stage of laying from being rolled by stormy waves, available cobble, sand weight under water turf are pushed down, through 2-3 week, the turf root system can penetrate in the bed mud under the base net and grow under water.
CN2011101757994A 2011-06-28 2011-06-28 Underwater turf planting method for modularized submerged plants Active CN102282999B (en)

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CN102329001A (en) * 2011-06-22 2012-01-25 上海太和水环境科技发展有限公司 Modular waterweed planting method and waterweed culture module in underwater ecological restoration
CN103109656A (en) * 2012-12-11 2013-05-22 镇江山水湾生态农业开发有限公司 Submerged plant underwater turf cultivation structure and submerged plant underwater turf planting method
CN103202156A (en) * 2013-03-22 2013-07-17 上海应用技术学院 Planting method of perennial root type aquatic plants in artificial water body
CN103749145B (en) * 2014-02-10 2016-01-20 天津市水利科学研究院 Submerged plant modularization is growth bed and recover the method for water-bed submerged plant growth
CN103858632B (en) * 2014-02-24 2018-05-15 深圳市益水生态科技有限公司 A kind of production method of combined type submerged plant turf
CN104160864A (en) * 2014-08-18 2014-11-26 汇绿园林建设股份有限公司 Movable submerged plant lawn block production method
CN104396479A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-03-11 贵州高原农产资材开发有限公司 Sphagnum squarrosum artificial cultivation method
CN105265211B (en) * 2015-10-20 2017-11-21 环境保护部南京环境科学研究所 A kind of submerged plant artificial grass culture system and cultivation method for transplanting
CN105461076B (en) * 2016-01-06 2017-11-14 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 A kind of method for recovering Submerged plant communities using submerged vegetation turf
CN107926670A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-04-20 山东大学 A kind of water plant level ground and its cultural method and the application in artificial swamp
CN108496622B (en) * 2018-04-19 2020-02-18 苏州淳和环境科技有限公司 Submerged plant riverway planting device and method
CN108551920A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-09-21 苏州淳和环境科技有限公司 The solid native culture apparatus of submerged plant
CN110627216A (en) * 2019-09-16 2019-12-31 武汉市天泉慧源环保科技有限公司 Submerged turf planting method for improving ecology of hard riverways and pond ponds

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CN101015268A (en) * 2007-02-15 2007-08-15 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Method for planting submergent plant in lake
US20110084021A1 (en) * 2008-05-17 2011-04-14 Wenhui He Method of ecological restoration of water bodies containing excess nutrient

Patent Citations (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1151821A (en) * 1996-05-30 1997-06-18 锦州发电厂 Plant culture medium greensward cultivation method
CN1552642A (en) * 2003-12-18 2004-12-08 中国科学院武汉植物研究所 Preparing method for sod of tape grass
CN1562811A (en) * 2004-04-12 2005-01-12 中国科学院武汉植物园 Method for constructing landscape ecosystem on ultrophication water body
CN101015268A (en) * 2007-02-15 2007-08-15 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Method for planting submergent plant in lake
US20110084021A1 (en) * 2008-05-17 2011-04-14 Wenhui He Method of ecological restoration of water bodies containing excess nutrient

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