CN102280935B - Intelligent power grid management system - Google Patents

Intelligent power grid management system Download PDF

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CN102280935B
CN102280935B CN 201110171830 CN201110171830A CN102280935B CN 102280935 B CN102280935 B CN 102280935B CN 201110171830 CN201110171830 CN 201110171830 CN 201110171830 A CN201110171830 A CN 201110171830A CN 102280935 B CN102280935 B CN 102280935B
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power
system
management
energy storage
power generation
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CN102280935A (en
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廖承林
吴艳
吉莉
李芳�
王丽芳
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中国科学院电工研究所
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems
    • Y02B10/72Uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating renewable energies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B70/00Technologies for an efficient end-user side electric power management and consumption
    • Y02B70/30Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies for improving the carbon footprint of the management of residential or tertiary loads, i.e. smart grids as climate change mitigation technology in the buildings sector, including also the last stages of power distribution and the control, monitoring or operating management systems at local level
    • Y02B70/32End-user application control systems
    • Y02B70/3258End-user application control systems characterised by the end-user application
    • Y02B70/3291The end-user application involving uninterruptible power supply [UPS] systems or standby or emergency generators
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02B90/20Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies mediating in the improvement of the carbon footprint of the management of residential or tertiary loads, i.e. smart grids as enabling technology in buildings sector
    • Y02B90/22Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated end-user elements or equipments
    • Y02B90/222Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated end-user elements or equipments the elements or equipments being or involving energy storage units, uninterruptible power supply [UPS] systems or standby or emergency generators involved in the last power distribution stages
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/70Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies mediating in the improvement of the carbon footprint of electrical power generation, transmission or distribution, i.e. smart grids as enabling technology in the energy generation sector
    • Y02E60/72Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated power network elements or equipments
    • Y02E60/722Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated power network elements or equipments the elements or equipments being or involving energy storage units
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S10/00Systems supporting electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
    • Y04S10/10Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated power network elements or equipment
    • Y04S10/14Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated power network elements or equipment the elements or equipments being or involving energy storage units
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S20/00Systems supporting the management or operation of end-user stationary applications, including also the last stages of power distribution and the control, monitoring or operating management systems at local level
    • Y04S20/10System characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated end-user elements or equipments
    • Y04S20/12System characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated end-user elements or equipments the elements or equipments being or involving energy storage units, uninterruptible power supply [UPS] systems or standby or emergency generators involved in the last power distribution stages
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S20/00Systems supporting the management or operation of end-user stationary applications, including also the last stages of power distribution and the control, monitoring or operating management systems at local level
    • Y04S20/20End-user application control systems
    • Y04S20/24End-user application control systems characterised by the end-user application
    • Y04S20/248End-user application control systems characterised by the end-user application the end-user application involving UPS systems or standby or emergency generators

Abstract

一种智能电网管理系统,在某一区域内建立基于光伏发电和风力发电等可在生能源与传统电网共同供电为主,微燃机发电为补充,蓄电池储能作为调节装置,并将供电系统与该区域的配电系统、各个楼宇用户的用电系统进行综合联网构成区域级的微型智能电网系统,然后利用网络通信与智能控制为神经中枢,对包括发电及储能侧管理系统和用电侧管理系统在内的智能电网系统进行综合管理,可有效提升该区域的可在生能源的利用率,提高该区域供电网络的可靠性,提高整个该区域电网的智能化程度,还可以有效节约能源并提高用户用电满意度。 An intelligent network management system, based on the establishment of photovoltaic power generation and wind power can be oriented in a common energy and raw traditional power grid, a micro gas turbine power generation is added, battery energy storage means as the adjustment and power supply system in a certain area and distribution systems in the region, each user's premises power system integrated smart grid network system including micro-regional level, then the network communication nerve center and intelligent control, including power generation and energy storage and power management system side smart grid system, including side management system integrated management, can effectively improve the utilization of renewable energy can increase the reliability of the region's power supply network in the region and improve the overall level of intelligence to the regional power grid, can effectively save energy and improve user satisfaction with electricity.

Description

—种智能电网管理系统 - kind of smart grid management systems

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种智能电网管理系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to an intelligent network management system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着电网技术和信息技术的发展,智能电网技术成为推动电网发展和提升用户体验的重要技术。 [0002] With the development of network technology and information technology, smart grid technology has become an important technology to promote the development of the power grid and enhance the user experience. 智能电网是以包括各种发电设备、输配电网络、用电设备和储能设备的物理电网为基础,将现代先进的传感测量技术、网络技术、通讯技术、计算技术、自动化与智能控制技术等与物理电网高度集成而形成的新型电网。 Smart grid is comprising a grid of physical devices various power generation, transmission and distribution network, electrical equipment and energy storage device based on the sensor measurement advanced modern technology, network technology, communication technology, computing technology, automation and intelligent control new physical grid and the grid formed by highly integrated technology. 可再生能源是未来潜力巨大的电力能源,利用分布式发电、微网技术、网络通信技术和智能控制技术,可在区域内建立基于光伏发电和风力发电等可在生能源与传统电网共同供电为主,微燃机发电为补充,蓄电池储能作为调节装置,并将供电系统与区域的配电系统、各个楼宇用户的用电系统进行综合联网构成区域级的微型智能电网系统,然后利用网络通信与智能控制为神经中枢,对智能电网系统进行综合管理,可有效提升区域可在生能源的利用率,提高区域供电网络的可靠性,提高整个区域电网的智能化程度,还可以有效节约能源并提高用户满意度,是未来区域供用电系统的发展方向。 Renewable energy is huge potential for future electric energy, the use of distributed generation, micro-network technology, network communication technology and intelligent control technology can be established based on photovoltaic and wind power and other renewable energy in common with the traditional power grid to power in the region primary, micro gas turbine power generation is added, the storage battery as the adjustment means, and the power distribution system and system areas, the respective user premises power system integrated network region constituting a micro-level smart grid system, and network communication and intelligent control as the nerve center for the integrated management of smart grid systems, can effectively enhance the region can renewable energy utilization, improve the reliability of the power supply network of the region and improve the overall level of intelligence regional power grid, you can also save energy and improve customer satisfaction, it is the future direction of development of regional electricity supply system.

[0003]目前有不少小区都装了光伏发电系统,极少数小区还装了小型风力发电系统,但这些系统一般都是独立运行,并由供电公司统一购买发电量,然后通过电网统一卖给用户,基本不涉及到可在生能源发电系统的能量管理与储能,也很少与用电系统进行综合管理,一方面难以提高可在生能源的利用率,另一方面没有与用电环节进行综合管理,用户支持度不高,参与意识很低,很难提高小区的节电率。 [0003] There are many district have installed photovoltaic power generation system, a handful of district also installed a small wind power systems, but these systems are generally run independently by the power company agreed to buy electricity and sell through the unified power grid users do not involve the management and storage of energy can be renewable energy power generation systems, and rarely integrated management and electricity system, on the one hand can be difficult to improve the utilization of renewable energy, on the other hand there is no link with electricity integrated management, user support is not high, participation is very low awareness, it is difficult to improve the saving rate of the cell. 同时有部分专利也做了相关的研究和介绍,如中国专利CN201674427U的《太阳能供电的智能楼宇控制系统》着重介绍了以太阳能为供电为主要来源的智能楼宇控制系统,不涉及到可在生能源发电系统的能量管理与储能,用电系统单一,没有综合的对发电和用电进行管理,基本上不涉及用户交互。 At the same time, some patent also done related studies and reports, such as China patent CN201674427U of "Solar intelligent building control systems powered" focuses on the intelligent building control system with solar power as the main source, not related to can in renewable energy energy management and energy storage power generation system, a single power system, there is no integrated power generation and electricity management, basically does not involve user interaction. 专利CN100394749C《智能家居与智能小区的自动化控制系统》着重介绍了一种自动化控制系统在小区和家居中的应用,实现设备的自动化和智能化控制,并没有充分利用可再生能源,也没有关注节约用电策略,节电的效果不显著。 Patent CN100394749C "smart home automation control and intelligent cell system" focuses on the application of an automated control system in the cell and in the home, intelligent control and automation equipment, and renewable energy is not fully utilized, there is no concern savings electricity policy, energy-saving effect is not significant. 这些专利基本上都是着重于某些个别系统和方法,并没有介绍一种综合性、功能较为齐全的小区集成了绿色发电和智能化节能用电的应用方案。 These patents are basically focused on some individual systems and methods, and is not a comprehensive description, a more complete cell function integrated applications and intelligent green energy electricity generation.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的目的就是为了克服上述现有技术存在的缺陷,提出了一种具有扩展性、可维护性、安全性高,同时主要考虑提高可再生能量利用率和节电效率的区域性微型智能电网管理系统。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to overcome the above defects of the prior art, it proposes a scalability, maintainability, safety, while improving the regional main consideration of renewable energy utilization and power efficiency micro smart grid management systems.

[0005] 本发明是利用现代传感技术、数字信息处理技术、数字通信技术、计算机技术、多媒体技术和网络技术,实现小区内各种信息的采集、处理、传输、显示和高度集成共享,实现区域可再生能源发电和可靠供电、区域内可再生资源和用电负荷的高效整合和优化利用、智能高效用电、实现区域内和家庭各种机电设备和安防设备的自动化、智能化监控,实现小区生活与工作安全、舒适、高效,实现绿色发电和节能用电。 [0005] The present invention is the use of modern sensor technology, digital information processing technology, digital communications technology, computer technology, multimedia technology and network technology, various types of information collected in the cell, processing, transmission, and display highly integrated sharing, area of ​​renewable energy generation and reliable power supply, efficient integration of renewable resources and electricity load and optimize the use of the region, intelligent and efficient electricity within the region and home automation equipment and various electrical and mechanical security equipment, intelligent monitoring, and community life and work safe, comfortable, efficient, green power generation and achieve energy-saving electricity.

[0006] 本发明通过以下技术方案来实现: [0006] The present invention is achieved by the following technical solution:

[0007] —种智能电网管理系统,其特征在于,该系统包括:发电及储能侧管理系统和用电侧管理系统。 [0007] - kinds of intelligent network management system, characterized in that the system comprising: a power generation and energy storage system and the management-side power management system side. 所述的发电及储能侧管理系统对发电储能系统进行有效的管理。 The power generation and energy storage management system side of the power generation energy storage system for effective management. 其中发电及储能系统主要包括了传统电网供电、可再生能源发电、补充发电、储能系统。 Wherein power generation and energy storage system includes a conventional power supply, renewable energy, supplemental power, energy storage system. 所述的发电及储能侧管理系统中具体包括:发电监控模块、供电方式自动调控模块、储能监控模块、自动配网模块、自愈系统、发电和储能调控模块、发电量的预测模块、电价管理模块、应急管理模块、远程监控模块。 The generation and the storage-side management system comprises: power monitor module, automatic control of power supply modules, the storage monitoring module, the network module Automatic, self-healing system, generation and storage Regulatory module, the power generation amount prediction module , tariff management module, emergency management module, remote monitoring module. 所诉的发电及储能侧管理系统通过有线网络传输介质比如双绞线、光纤或者是无线传感网络来获取发电及储能系统的各种信息,同时还给向其发送各种控制指令使得发电及储能系统能够按照所述的发电及储能侧管理系统的要求工作。 The power generation and energy storage v-side management system to acquire a variety of information and power generation energy storage system through a wired network transmission media such as twisted pair, optical fiber, or a wireless sensor network, and to send back such that various control commands energy storage and power generation systems capable of operating in accordance with the requirements of the power generation and energy storage management system side.

[0008] 所述的用电侧管理系统是对区域内的用电负荷进行管理,其中区域内的用电负荷主要是家庭用电和区域内公共用电所述的用电侧管理系统具体包括:家庭用电设备的用电监控模块、区域公共设备用电监控模块、用电量预测模块、设备智能化管理模块、设备远程监控模块、节约用电控制策略模块、预付费管理模块等。 [0008] side of the electricity power load management system is a management area in which the electricity load in the region of main power management system side and the household electricity supply in the region of the public electricity comprises : power monitoring module household electrical equipment, electrical equipment monitoring module public areas, electricity demand forecasting module, intelligent device management module, remote monitoring module, module control strategy to conserve electricity, prepaid management module. 发电及储能侧管理系统和用电侧管理系统两大系统通过先进的网络通信技术,实现了双向的数据的交互和数据的共享,在此基础上实现两大系统的综合协调控制,具体表现在发电及储能侧管理系统利用用电侧管理系统的各种状态信息和控制策略信息来提高发电及储能系统的效率和可靠性,用电侧管理系统利用发电及储能侧管理系统的状态信息和控制信息来优化用电管理策略并提升用户价值,从而达到综合提高可再生能源利用率、提高系统智能化和节能用电的目的。 Power generation and energy storage and power management systems side-side management system, the two systems through advanced network communication technology, to achieve a two-way interaction and data sharing of data to achieve an integrated and coordinated control of the two systems on the basis of specific performance in various status information and control policy information generation and energy storage management system using a side-side power management system to improve the efficiency and reliability of energy storage and power generation systems, power generation systems utilize side management and storage management system side status information and control information to optimize power management strategies and enhance customer value, so as to improve the comprehensive utilization of renewable energy, energy efficiency and intelligent purpose of improving the system of electricity.

[0009] 所述发电监测模块实时监测传统电网的供电运行状态和电量,以及可再生能源发电状态和发电量,并将供电、发电的状态信息以及电量进行存储,以供所述的发电储能侧管理系统的其他模块使用,并实时传输给所述的用电侧管理系统,以供智能化用电管理策略使用。 [0009] Power consumption and operating status monitoring module generating real-time monitoring of the conventional grid, and renewable energy power generation state and power generation and supply, and a power generation state information is stored, for said power energy storage other management system using the module side, and real-time transmission to the power-side management system, the intelligent management strategy for use of electricity.

[0010] 所述的供电方式自动调控模块根据所述的发电监测模块存储的信息以及所述的用电侧管理系统传来的预测的用电量信息,通过预存的各种控制策略自动地选择某一时刻或时段的供电方式,包括但不限于如下所列: [0010] automatic control of the power supply module in accordance with the electricity generation monitoring information stored in the module and said power management system side prediction came, through a variety of control strategy automatically selected prestored power supply at a time or period, including but not limited to those listed below:

[0011] 1、大电网单独供电方式:在可再生能源及其储能系统故障或者无法输出电能时,由大电网单独供电。 [0011] 1, a single large power supply mode: when the renewable energy storage and power output fails, or not, a separate power supply from the power grid.

[0012] 2、可再生能源发电单独供电方式:当可再生能源发电量完全能够满足用户用电需求时由可再生能源单独供电。 [0012] 2, a separate power supply renewable energy generation: when the amount of renewable energy power generation can satisfy the needs of users individually powered electricity from renewable energy sources.

[0013] 3、可再生能源发电单独供电且给储能系统充电方式:当可再生能源可用功率大于用户用电量时,多余功率用于给储能系统充电。 [0013] 3, renewable energy and a separate power supply to the energy storage system charging mode: when the available power is greater than the renewable energy sources with the user when the battery, excess power is used to charge the energy storage system.

[0014] 4、可再生能源与储能系统共同供电方式:当可再生能源发电量与储能系统放电量能够完全满足用户用电需求、且根据用户用电量预测、在未来一段时间内可再生能源功率大于用户用电需求时,可由可再生能源与储能系统共同供电。 [0014] 4, the common power supply renewable energy and the energy storage system: When the amount of renewable energy generating system and the storage discharge capacity to fully meet user demand for electricity, and electricity consumption prediction according to the user, in the next period of time may be renewable energy is larger than the user power demand for electricity from renewable energy storage system and the common feed.

[0015] 5、补充发电系统单独供电方式:当传统电网和可再生能源发电系统同时出现故障的情况下系统将自动切换到所述方式,同时限制用户仅可使用基本用电功率。 [0015] 5, a single power supply supplemental power generation system: the case when the conventional grid and renewable energy generation system failure while the system will automatically switch to the embodiment, while restricting the use of substantially only electrical power.

[0016] 6、混合供电方式:当即将达到用电高峰时系统自动切换到传统电网和可再生能源发电同时供电的模式;在引入实时电价时,可实时调节传统电网与可再生能源的用电比例,以减少用户费用。 [0016] 6, hybrid power supply mode: When approaching the peak system automatically switches to the traditional power grid and renewable energy while the electric mode; spot price at the time of introduction, may be adjusted in real time with conventional grid electricity renewable energy proportion, in order to reduce user costs.

[0017] 7、传统电网给储能系统充电方式:当达到用电低谷且储能系统能量较少时,采用传统电网给储能系统充电,可同时提升电网和用户价值。 [0017] 7, the conventional charging power to the energy storage system: When low power consumption and achieve low energy storage systems, conventional power grid to charge the energy storage system, a user can be improved and power values ​​simultaneously.

[0018] 所述的储能监控模块实时地监测储能设备的运行状态以及所储电量,并将这些状态信息和储电量进行存储,以备所述的发电储能侧管理系统的其他模块使用。 [0018] The energy storage module is monitored in real time monitoring of the operating status of the energy storage device and the storage capacity and storage capacity and state information is stored, the other modules to prepare for said power energy storage management system using the side .

[0019] 所述的自动配网模块对区域配网的运行工况进行监视、控制,并对其设备和日常工作实现离线、在线管理,提高配网运行的可靠性和故障自动分段、故障快速处理。 [0019] The automatic distribution network module operating conditions of the area distribution network to monitor, control, and offline, online management devices and their daily work, improve the reliability and operation of the distribution network fault automatic segmentation fault fast processing.

[0020] 所述的发电储能调控模块根据所述的用电侧管理系统传输过来的用电量的统计信息和用电量的预测信息,如图2所示,通过各种策略管理自动的调控可再生能源发电所产生的电力的使用方式,主要是直接供电和电能存储两种方式: Regulated power energy storage [0020] The module according to the statistics of the power transmission side management system over the electricity and the electricity consumption prediction information shown in Figure 2, through a variety of automatic policy management use power regulation renewable electricity generation, the main power and power is directly stored in two ways:

[0021] 1、直接供电:将可再生能源所产生的全部电力直接用于供电。 [0021] 1, powered directly: all renewable electric energy generated by the power supply was used directly.

[0022] 2、电能存储:当传统电网和可再生能源所产生的电力足够所述的用电侧管理系统中各种用电负荷某一时刻或者未来某一时间段的使用时,可将可再生能源的所产生多余的电力进行存储。 [0022] 2, the electric energy storage: When the conventional power grid and the renewable energy source sufficient to generate the various power management system side power load at a time or in a certain time period in the future, can be the excess electricity produced renewable energy storage.

[0023] 所述的自愈模块利用发电监控模块、储能监测模块所存储的大量运行状态信息进行实时或超实时仿真,实现故障发展快速仿真的实时预测功能,为调度员提供紧急状态下的决策支持;同时对于故障后的系统实现超实时的分析计算,从而实现对各发电、供电和储能系统的实时控制,如存在可能导致区域级停电的高风险时,将实施主动解列、灵活分区或/和有关系统的分布协调/自适应控制。 [0023] The module uses the self-healing power monitoring module, a large number of energy storage operation status monitoring module stored information in real-time or faster than real time simulation, real-time forecasting rapid development of fault simulation, to provide emergency dispatcher at decision support; faster than real time simultaneously analysis calculated for post-fault system, enabling real-time control of the respective power generation, power and energy storage system, such as high-risk areas could cause the power level, the implementation of active splitting, flexible distributed coordination partitions and / or about the system / adaptive control.

[0024] 所述的发电量预测模块利用所述的发电监测模块所存储的大量信息进行仿真和预测未来某个时段的发电总量和发电量的变化趋势,如图2所示,同时将这些信息进行存储,并实时传输给所述的用电侧管理系统以备各种智能化决策使用。 [0024] The power generation amount prediction module using a large number of the generation of information stored in the monitoring module to simulate and predict future trends total power generation amount and a period of time, as shown in FIG. 2, while the information is stored and transmitted in real time to the power management system side to prepare a variety of intelligent decisions.

[0025] 所述的应急处理模块跟所述的自愈系统模块紧密配合,根据所述的自愈系统模块各种仿真信息和决策信息,对发生的各种故障进行应急处理。 [0025] The emergency processing module with the self-healing system modules work closely together according to various simulation information and decision-making information to the self-healing system modules for various failures occur for emergency treatment.

[0026] 所述的电价管理模块用于电价的调整和预售电管理,如图2所示,并将实时的电价传输给所述的用电侧管理系统以供各种智能化决策使用。 [0026] The electricity tariff management means for adjusting the power management and sale, shown in Figure 2, and the transmission-side power management system to the real-time price for the use of a variety of intelligent decisions.

[0027] 所述的远程监控模块通过Internet实现对所述发电储能系统进行远程实时的监测和控制,可监测各个系统的运行状态,同时可以对各个系统进行控制。 [0027] The remote monitoring module implement Internet real-time remote monitoring and control of the power storage system, the system can monitor the operating status of each, and can be controlled by various systems.

[0028] 所述的用电侧管理系统通过家用设备用电监控模块可以实时地监测各个家用设备的用电状态,并进行用电量的统计,将所得到的状态信息和用电量数据进行实时存储;同时可以接收系统的控制指令实现对设备的开关等控制,进行设备信息管理、操作日志管理。 [0028] side of the power management system can be monitored by a monitoring module electrical household appliance in real time the state of each home electric device, and power consumption statistics, the status information will be obtained and consumption data real-time storage; while receiving instructions for implementing the system switching control device controls the like, for device information management, log management operations.

[0029] 所述的公共设备用电监控模块实时地监测小区内部各个公共设备的用电状态,并进行用电量的统计,将所得到的状态信息和用电量数据进行实时存储;同时可以接收系统的控制指令实现对设备的开关等控制,进行设备信息管理、操作日志管理。 [0029] The common power device monitoring module monitors real-time power status of each internal cell public device, and power consumption statistics, the state information obtained in real time and storing consumption data; while a control command receiving system to achieve the switching control equipment, etc., for device information management, log management operations.

[0030] 所述的节约用电控制策略模块通过预存的各种控制策略以及所述的发电储能侧管理系统传输过来的实时电价信息及发电量预测信息来调整各种用电控制策略在保证不影响用户使用习惯下自动地实现对不同情况下设备智能化和自动化控制,大大提高设备的利用率和最大化实现节能效果;同时根据所述的发电储能侧管理系统传输过来各种数据信息来调整各种用电控制策略。 [0030] The power saving control policy module through a variety of pre-stored control policy and price information and the real-time power generation by the power generation energy storage system management side prediction information transmitted by the power adjusting various control strategies to ensure It is automatically achieved without affecting the habits of the user equipment in different circumstances intelligence and automation control, and greatly improve the utilization of the apparatus to maximize energy savings achieved; simultaneously over a variety of data storage information according to the transmission side system managing generation to adjust a variety of electrical control strategies. 如根据实时的电价信息来调整部分设备的工作状态以减少用电成本提高经济性;家庭的场景控制,小区各系统的联动控制,实现设备的高效利用;还提供各种策略的管理和操作日志管理。 The real-time pricing information to adjust the portion of the device operating state to reduce electricity costs to improve the economy; family scene control, each cell linkage control system, to achieve efficient use of the equipment; various strategies also provide management and operation log management.

[0031] 所述的用电量预测模块通过利用家用设备用电监控模块和公共设备用电监控模块所存储的设备用电量统计数据进行大量的仿真和预测,预测未来某一时间点或时间段的用电量以及用电量的变化趋势,同时结合所述的节约用电控制策略模块实现对未来某一时间点或时间段某一用电设备或系统的用电量的准确预测;如图2所示,并将预测的结果实时地传输到所述的发电、储能侧管理系统以供其进行各种智能化的决策使用。 [0031] The electricity demand forecasting module by using the device power consumption statistics monitoring module electrical household appliances and electrical equipment public monitoring module stored in a large number of simulations and forecasting, the prediction of a future point in time or segments and save power consumption control policy module consumption trend, combined with the accurate prediction of the future point in time, or some electrical equipment or system consumption period; if As shown in FIG. 2, and the prediction results transmitted in real time to the power generation, energy storage system for the management side that performs various intelligent decisions.

[0032] 所述的设备远程监控模块是通过Internet实现对所述用电侧管理系统里面的用电设备进行远程实时的监测和控制。 [0032] The remote device monitoring module in real time over the Internet for remote monitoring and control of the power-side electrical equipment management system implemented inside.

[0033] 所述的预付费管理模块对小区居民用电预付费进行管理,同时还提供欠费催缴,停电通知等功能。 [0033] The prepaid management module cell residential electricity prepaid management, while also providing reminder features arrears, outage notification.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0034] 图1智能电网管理系统结构示意图; [0034] Fig 1 a schematic view of the smart grid management system architecture;

[0035] 图2智能电网管理系统数据交互信息示意图; [0035] The smart grid data management system of FIG 2 interaction information Representation;

[0036] 图3智能电网管理系统功能框架图; [0036] FIG. 3 intelligent power management system of FIG functional framework;

[0037] 图4智能电网管理系统网络结构示意图。 [0037] Systems Network Architecture FIG. 4 schematic smart grid management.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0038] 如图1所示,本发明智能电网管理系统包括发电与储能侧管理系统和用电侧管理系统。 [0038] As shown in FIG. 1, the present invention comprises a smart grid management system of power generation and energy storage system and the management-side power management system side. 发电及储能侧管理系统主要包括了传统电网供电、可再生能源发电、补充发电、储能系统,以及基于这些模块之上的平台应用,具体包括:发电监控系统、供电方式自动调控系统、储能监控系统、自动配网系统、自愈系统、发电和储能调控系统、发电量的预测、电价管理系统、应急管理系统、远程监控系统。 DSM generation and energy storage system includes a conventional power supply grid, renewable energy, supplemental power, energy storage system, and applications based on these platform module comprises: a power generation control system, the automatic control system of power supply, the reservoir energy monitoring systems, automated distribution network systems, self-healing systems, power generation and energy storage systems regulation, forecast generating capacity, electricity management system, emergency management systems, remote monitoring systems. 用电侧管理系统主要包括用电负荷,具体指家庭用电和区域内公共用电,以及基于用电负荷之上的平台应用:家庭用电设备的用电监控、区域公共设备用电监控、用电量预测、设备智能化管理、设备远程监控、设备节能控制、预付费管理。 Side power management system includes power load, and specifically refers to the region of the common household electric power, and based on power load platform applications: household electricity power monitoring device, monitoring regional public electricity equipment, electricity demand forecasting, intelligent device management, remote monitoring, control energy-saving equipment, prepaid management. 发电与储能侧管理系统和用电侧管理系统两大系统通过先进的网络通信技术,实现了数据的交互、数据的共享。 Generation energy storage system and the management-side power management system of the two systems side by advanced network communication technology, the interaction data shared data.

[0039] 以某小区为例,该小区为传统的小区有较完善的小区物业管理系统,通过小区内部局域网连入小区物业中心的中央控制机房,机房存放相关的应用服务器,可以对整个物业管理各个子系统进行实时监控。 [0039] to a district, for example, the cell is a conventional cell has a better residential property management system, connected to the residential property through the center of the cell internal LAN central control room, engine room storage related application server, you can manage the entire property real-time monitoring of each subsystem. 目前各个子系统相互独独立工作,自动化程度低,对于管理员来说操作过程相对繁琐和复杂,因此对应应急情况处理效率相对低,同时小区内家居数字智能化程度低,居民的生活方式较为传统,不能享受现代科技带来的便捷、安全、舒适和高效;缺乏对绿色可再生能源的有效利用,不能成为目前所提倡的绿色、低碳的现代化小区。 Currently working independently of each subsystem are mutually independent, low degree of automation, process for administrators to operate relatively cumbersome and complex, and therefore the corresponding emergency treatment efficiency is relatively low, while the low level of intelligent digital home within the cell, the more traditional way of life of residents You can not enjoy the convenience of modern technology, safety, comfort and efficiency; lack of effective use of green renewable energy, can not become the advocate of green, low carbon modern district. 为实现小区智能电网管理系统,可采取整体规划,分阶段实施,以开放性互联网络体系为核心、以与建筑结构密切相关的设施为重点、以用户的需求及性价比为依据,逐步建立、完善规划、实施、验收的规范与标准。 In order to achieve the residential intelligent network management system, we can take the overall planning, phased implementation, in order to open the Internet system as the core, closely related to the structure of the building facilities as the key to user needs and cost-effective basis, and gradually establish and perfect norms and standards of planning, implementation and acceptance.

[0040] 建立如图3所示的智能电网综合信息平台、分布式微网发电储能系统、智能小区系统、智能家居系统。 [0040] establish a comprehensive information platform for the smart grid as shown in Figure 3, distributed micro-grid energy storage systems, Intelligent Community systems, intelligent home systems. 小区智能电网管理系统将以智能电网综合信息平台作为系统信息处理、信息调控的中心,将其他各个系统有机地联系起来,形成一个相互联动的、智能化和自动化程度高、自愈性能力强、功能扩展性强、可实现局域网内和广域网内的多种应用的小区智能电网管理系统。 Residential intelligent network management system will be integrated information platform for smart grid as an information processing system, the information center of the regulation, the other each system organically linked to each other to form a linkage, intelligence and high degree of automation, self-healing properties and strong, functional scalability, enabling residential intelligent grid management systems for various applications within the LAN and WAN. 其中分布式微网发电储能系统结合大电网作为所述智能电网管理系统的发电储能侧,智能小区、小区物业及智能家居系统作为所述智能电网管理系统的用电侧,智能电网综合信息平台实现了所述智能电网管理系统所有平台应用。 Which distributed micro-grid energy storage system combines large grid as a power energy storage system of the smart grid management side, the Intelligent Community, intelligent home systems and residential property as a smart grid electricity system management side, integrated information platform for smart grid platform application implements all of the smart grid management systems. 具体实现步骤: Specific implementation steps:

[0041] (I)智能电网综合信息平台的搭建 [0041] (I) comprehensive information platform to build smart grid

[0042] 智能电网综合信息平台是整个小区智能电网管理系统的核心,是一个网络化的统一管理信息平台;该平台包括了基础平台和基于基础平台之上的应用平台。 [0042] intelligent integrated information platform is the core of the smart grid network management system cells, is a unified network management information platform; the platform includes the basic platform and application platform on top of the base platform. 其中基础平台主要各种应用和数据库服务器构成。 Wherein the base platform is mainly composed of a variety of application and database servers. 其应用平台是在基础平台之上开发的各种应用系统软件,具体包括:智能小区系统、智能家居系统、安防报警系统、视频对讲系统、分布式微网发电及储能系统、远程抄表系统、智能电表系统、远程视频监测系统、信息发布系统、智能电网系统。 Its application platform is the platform on the basis of a variety of software applications, including: Intelligent Community systems, intelligent home systems, security alarm systems, video intercom systems, distributed micro-grid power generation and energy storage systems, remote meter reading system , smart meter systems, remote video monitoring system, information distribution system, smart grid systems. 整个智能电网综合信息平台创造性地整合各个子系统的数据类型,建立各子系统间的数据关联,实现数据共享和应用功能创新,具有良好的兼容性及扩容性,可跟现有的小区物业管理系统、楼控等系统无缝的结合、充分的利用原有的功能及设备,能提供最优的第三方接口等,实现了系统间的联动性。 The entire complex smart grid information platform to creatively integrate the various subsystems of the data type, associated data between various subsystems, data sharing and application of innovative features, has good compatibility or expansion, can with the existing residential property management seamless binding systems, building control systems, full use of the original features and equipment, the third party can provide optimal interface, to achieve linkage between the systems. 智能电网综合信息平台的实现需要网络系统和总控制中心。 Intelligent integrated information platform for network systems and grid requires total control center.

[0043] 网络系统是住宅楼内和住宅楼间的数据传输网络,它一方面使数据通信设备、交换设备和其他信息管理系统彼此相连,另一方面使这些设备与外部数据通信网络相连接。 [0043] The network system is a data transmission network between residential buildings and residential buildings, a data communication apparatus which on the one hand, switching equipment and other information management systems connected to each other, and on the other hand these external devices connected to a data communication network. 智能小区网络通信系统总体架构如图3所示,系统由Internet接入网、小区局域以太网、家庭局部网络组成。 Intelligent network communication cell overall system architecture shown in Figure 3, the access network system of the Internet, a local area Ethernet, home local networks. 可根据小区实际网络铺设情况,有效地利用现有的网络系统,搭建小区内部局域网,每个楼增加一个或多个交换机,通过光纤接入小区总控制中心的中心交换机。 The cells may be laid actual network situation, effective use of existing network system, set up cells within the LAN, each floor, adding one or more switches, general control cell access central switch through the center of the optical fiber.

[0044] 小区总控制中心(简称为中心机房)以通信主计算机作为中央控制、管理计算机,并由各住户终端和不同信息点共同形成小区内部分布式集中管理、控制系统。 [0044] Total cell control center (referred to as central office) to communicate with a central control computer as a master management computer, and by the different households and the terminal information dots together form a cell internal centralized management of distributed control system. 小区总控制中心根据小区实际情况可位于小区较为居中的位置,可选择一栋楼的某间居室或其他建筑物某间居室。 The total cell control center may be located in a cell where the actual cell relatively centered position, choose between a room of a building or other structure between a room. 如果该楼只有一层地下室,则机房位于地上一层;如果该楼有两层地下室,则机房位于地下一层。 If the building is only one layer of the basement, the room is located on the ground floor; if the building has two basements, the basement room is located. 整个平台的构成:WEB服务器、微网监控服务器、视频代理转发服务器、数据库服务器、流媒体服务器、安全认证管理服务器、报警转发服务器、短/彩信管理服务器、设备管理服务器、小区物业管理服务器;集成大量的C/S、B/S管理软件,如智能家居系列软件、微网监控软件、远程智能抄表软件等。 Constitute the entire platform: WEB servers, micro-grid monitoring server, video proxy forwarding server, database server, streaming media server, secure authentication management server, alarm forwarding server, short / MMS management server, a device management server, residential property management server; integration a large number of C / S, B / S management software, such as intelligent home software, micro-network monitoring software, intelligent remote meter reading software.

[0045] (2)分布式微网发电和储能系统建立 [0045] (2) distributed microgrid generation and storage system establishes

[0046] 分布式微网发电储能系统:因地制宜的利用小区内的多种绿色能源、实现绿色循环经济(绿色发电及储能)、智能化控制和管理负荷用电、微型电网的实时监控和自动化应急处理。 [0046] distributed micro-grid energy storage system: local conditions using a variety of green energy in the cell cycle to achieve a green economy (green power generation and energy storage), intelligent load control and management of electricity, real-time monitoring and automation of microgrids emergency treatment. 目前该小区的可利用的屋顶面积比较大,在该小区建设屋顶光伏是可行性,同时可在小区中心公园安装若干小型风机。 The district currently available roof area is relatively large, photovoltaic roof construction in the area is feasible, and several small wind turbines can be installed in the district center of the park. 综合考虑小区用电负荷、光伏和风机发电的能力可将微网的分布式发电的电力直接用于小区配网供电,用于小区公共区域的部分用电负荷,如路灯、广播、电梯等;多余的电力可利用微型燃机等储能装置存储起来。 Considering the electricity load cell, wind turbine power generation and photovoltaic power capability may be distributed piconet power cell was used directly in distribution network, the electricity load cell for part of the common areas, such as lights, radio, elevators and the like; excess power available microturbines stored energy storage device and the like. 配备充分的数据采集与信息通信设施;以电力线载波通信系统构成微网各控制终端、分布式电源之间的互联与控制,以光纤通信系统设计微网系统的终端接口实现与小区智能电网系统的互联与控制,对分布式发电单元、储能单元和负荷进行实时运行状态的数据采集,并通过局域网将所有采集的数据传送到中央控制和能量管理单元,中央控制和能量管理单元根据所得到的运行状态数据及一定的控制管理策略,通过局域网传输控制指令。 With adequate data acquisition and information and communication facilities; power line carrier communication system including a control interconnection between the piconet and the respective control terminal, the distributed power to the terminal fiber optic communication system design piconet cell system interface with the smart grid system interconnection and control of a distributed power generation unit, the energy storage unit and the load to collect data in real-time operating state, and transmits all data collected through the LAN to a central control and energy management unit, the central control unit and the energy management according to the obtained operational status data and some control management strategies, transmission over the LAN control commands.

[0047] 此外,在该小区内安装若干小型风机,微型燃机用于补充发电,蓄电池作为储能;同时配备充分的数据采集与信息通信设施;并将微网的监控中心安放在中心机房附近,微网监控中心存放微网装用的服务器和计算机通过网络系统可实现对微网的运行状态实时监控,并可对应急情况进行处理。 [0047] Further, the cell is mounted in a plurality of small wind turbines, micro gas turbine power generation for supplementing, as energy storage battery; fully equipped with data acquisition and information and communication facilities; piconet monitoring center and placed near the center of the room micro store piconet network monitoring center by means of real-time monitoring of network servers and computer operating system may be implemented by a state of the micro-grid, and for processing the emergency situation. 可以实现对分布式发电和用电的自动调节,提高用电可靠性,实现整个小区零碳排放,使用户获得效益。 It can be automatically adjusted to the distributed generation of electricity and improve the reliability of electricity, to achieve zero emissions entire cell, allowing users access efficiency. 通过自适应控制技术、自动控制技术、远程遥控技术、自动感应技术和安全防护技术以及目如相关成熟广品来实现各种终端接口和控制系统的设计与通信等。 Adaptive control, automatic control, remote control technology, auto-sensing technology and security technology as well as related head mature products to achieve a wide variety of terminal interface design and communication and control systems, and the like.

[0048] (3)智能小区系统的建立 [0048] establishment (3) Intelligent cell system

[0049] 智能小区系统:是基于IP网络的小区综合性管理应用系统,集成小区各种信息资源,并将小区物业管理的各子系统的信息及服务整合起来,进行集中监测与控制,使小区自动化控制系统实现较为全方位的自动化,数据集中监控和管理的信息化;同时先进的网络通信技术实现了各子系统远程自动监测、自动调节、自诊断、自动报警、自动收费等功能,大大减少了物业管理人员,降低了运作成本,提高了智能小区的管理效率;实现社区生活与工作安全、舒适、高效。 [0049] Intelligent Community: IP-based network management applications integrated cell system, integrated community a variety of information resources, and integrate the various subsystems of the residential property management information and services together for centralized monitoring and control, which causes the cell automatic control system for a more comprehensive automated data centralized monitoring and information management; simultaneously advanced network communication subsystem implements the various remote automatic monitoring, automatic adjustment, self-diagnostics, automatic alarms, automatic toll collection function, greatly reduced property management staff and reduce operating costs, improve management efficiency intelligent community; community life and work to achieve safe, comfortable and efficient. 整合小区现有的物业管理系统,将各个子系统连入局域网内,最终连入到中心机房。 Integration cell existing property management system, the various subsystems connected to the LAN, and eventually into the central office. 在中心机房配备相应的应用管理服务器,整合所有的软件,使其成为一个统一的界面登陆,进行统一管理。 In the center room equipped with the appropriate application server management, integrating all the software, making it a unified login interface, unified management. 整合后的系统操作简便,友好亲合、实施方便,大大降低运做成本。 Simple operation of the system after the integration, affinity-friendly and easy to implement, greatly reducing the cost of transport to do. 同时系统为小区内外各类用户提供多种信息查询,集成社区各种信息资源,并将各系统的信息及服务整合起来,为不同类型用户提供个性化的信息发布和服务。 Meanwhile, inside and outside the cell system provides the user a variety of information queries, integrated community a variety of information resources, and integration of information systems and services to each of them, to provide personalized publishing and information services for different types of users.

[0050] (4)智能家居系统 [0050] (4) smart home system

[0051] 智能家居系统采用电力载波、红外、无线射频技术,结合Internet宽带网络通信技术,可以实现设备的集中控制和智能控制,实现从独立的房间控制到多房间的无线控制,场景预设、安防报警的联动控制,实现从本地的家居控制到网络的远程控制,实现从传统的手机电话通信到可视化的视频对讲,远程抄表与预付费,从个人家庭的简单智能到整个小区的数字化,一改传统智能家居的烦扰复杂,诠释着数字年代网络生活的自由主张,住户打造数字化的现代家居系统。 [0051] The smart home system uses power line carrier, infrared, radio frequency technology, in conjunction with a broadband Internet network communication technology, and enables centralized control of intelligent control devices, to achieve control from a separate control room to the wireless multi-room, a preset scene, linkage control security alarm, to achieve control from the local home to the remote control network, from a traditional mobile phone telephony to visualize the video intercom, remote meter reading and pre-paid, from simple intelligent individual families to digitize the entire district , changed the traditional smart home annoyance complex, the interpretation advocated freedom of online life in the digital age, residents build digital home of the modern system.

[0052] 对家居进行适当的改造,如配备各种智能控制终端、智能插座、改造灯光、更换智能三表等,这些智能终端通过无线或者有线的网络传输方式与家居智能终端相连,家居智能终端最终通过网线连入局域网中。 [0052] The home appropriate transformation, such as with a variety of intelligent control terminals, smart socket, transformation lighting, the replacement smart three tables, etc. These intelligent terminal is connected via a wireless or wired network transmission terminal with smart home, smart home terminal finally through the network cable connected to the LAN. 该家居系统可实现信息设备、通讯设备、娱乐设备、家用电器、自动化设备、保安装置等设备关联,使智能化、人性化的家居生活变成现实。 The home system can be associated with the device information equipment, communications equipment, entertainment equipment, household appliances, automation equipment, security devices, the intelligent, humane home life become a reality. 可以很好地满足用户对家居设备控制、家庭网络的灵活性、可靠性以及便捷性等需求,不但解决了有线系统的高成本和不方便,消费者还能够通过无线网络方便、快捷地管理家务,监测家居环境、遥控电器等。 Can satisfy the user's home appliance control, home network flexibility, reliability and ease of other needs, not only to solve the high cost and inconvenience of a wired system, consumers can quickly and easily manage the household over the wireless network monitor the home environment, remote control electrical appliances. 为住户提供B/S浏览器结构的应用平台,用户无需安装软件通过浏览器登录社区网站,输入管理帐号密码进入后,可以进行家居窗帘、灯光、电视等设备的控制,报警的撤/布防等的操作,能远程监控家里的图像并能控制云台。 Provide B / S browser structure for household application platform, users do not need to install software to log community site through a browser, enter the administrative account password, you can control the home curtains, lights, TV and other equipment, alarms withdrawal / deployment, etc. operation, remote monitoring can image at home and can control the PTZ.

[0053] 通过上述的详细描述可以看出,与国内外现有的技术相比,本系统具有以下特点。 [0053] can be seen from the foregoing detailed description, compared with the conventional technology in the world, the present system has the following characteristics. [0054] 智能电网的供用互动、需求侧智能管理和用电状态自动监测等功能在生活小区有主要的应用价值。 [0054] for smart grid with interactive, intelligent demand-side management and monitoring features such as automatic power state has major applications in the living area. 智能电网的上述功能不仅给电网带来效益,也将给用户带来用电的方便、可靠和效益。 The above functions of the smart grid not only bring benefits to the grid, it will give users a convenient power, reliability and efficiency. 同时,智能化小区为用户提供一个安全、舒适、方便、快捷和开放的智能化、信息化的生活环境,利用现代信息技术,用户便可享受更多精彩丰富的信息化生活,真正实现了生活的智能化和人性化。 Meanwhile, intelligence community to provide users with a safe, comfortable, convenient, fast and open intelligence, information of living environment, the use of modern information technology, users can enjoy a wealth of information more exciting life, the real life intelligent and humane. 智能小区和智能电网的融合,使得智能电网的功能和效益在小区内可以得到很好的体现。 Intelligent Community integration and smart grid, making the features and benefits of the smart grid in the cell can be well represented. 其特点主要表现在以下方面: It features mainly in the following areas:

[0055] 1、采用绿色能源,实现了绿色用电和低碳生活。 [0055] 1, the use of green energy, green electricity and to achieve a low-carbon life. 小区智能电网管理系统在可再生能源发电-储能具备更加智能和全面的能力。 Residential intelligent grid management systems in renewable energy generation - energy storage with a more intelligent and comprehensive capabilities.

[0056] 2、小区智能电网管理系统具有高可靠性的智能自愈小区配网,能尽量避免与系统现有保护装置冲突;并视根据小区的具体需要,在少数特殊地点布置双向电力电子开关,利用分布式能源为需要高可靠性的用户提供不间断电力。 [0056] 2, cell smart grid management system with high reliability smart self-healing cell distribution network, the system can avoid the conventional protection device conflict; and, as needed according to the specific cell, the bidirectional power electronic switches are arranged in a few special places , the use of distributed energy require high reliability to provide users with uninterrupted power.

[0057] 3、小区智能电网管理系统具有完备的局域网和广域网、国际互联网接入。 [0057] 3, residential smart grid management system with complete local area network and wide area networks, Internet access. 通过网络可以实现小区内机电设备和用电器的自动化、智能化监控,实现一体化、联动安防系统的自动化、智能化监控。 It may be implemented within a network cell by electrical equipment and appliances automated, intelligent monitoring, integration, security systems linkage automated, intelligent monitoring.

[0058] 4、小区智能电网管理系统应用现代数字技术,包括现代传感技术,数字信息处理技术、数字通信技术、计算机技术、多媒体技术和网络技术,加快了信息传播的速度,提高了信息采集、传播、处理、显示的性能。 [0058] 4, cell smart grid management system application of modern digital technology, including modern sensor technology, digital information processing technology, digital communications technology, computer technology, multimedia technology and network technology to accelerate the speed of information dissemination and improve the information collection , propagation, processing, display performance.

[0059] 5、小区智能电网管理系统的智能化用电管理,在满足用户的用电习惯下,通过优化控制大大节约能源,提高用电效率。 [0059] 5, the intelligent power management cell smart grid management system, to meet the user's energy usage by optimizing the control greatly saving energy, improving power efficiency.

[0060] 6、小区智能电网管理系统提高了系统的集成优化程度,实现了信息和资源的共享。 [0060] 6, residential smart grid management system to improve the level of integrated optimization system, realize the sharing of information and resources. 系统基于小区智能化系统内部网或广域网之上,通过Web服务器和浏览器技术来实现整个网络上的信息综合、信息交互和信息共享,实现统一的人机界面和跨平台的数据库访问。 Intelligent System system on the internal network or wide area network-based, is achieved by a Web server and browser technology information integration across the entire network, information exchange and information sharing, database access unified man-machine interface and cross-platform. 可以真正做到局域和广域远程信息的实时监控,数据资源的综合共享,以及全局事件快速的处理和一体化的科学管理。 You can actually do real-time monitoring of local and wide area telematics and integrated data sharing resources, and scientific management of rapid processing and integration of the global event.

[0061] 7、小区智能电网管理系统是数字城市的信息节点,智能小区的建设为数字城市的建设提供了条件,为电子政务、电子商务、物流等现代化技术的应用打下了基础。 [0061] 7, residential smart grid management system is the digital city information node, intelligent community building provided the conditions for the construction of digital cities, laid the foundation for the application of modern technology, e-government, e-commerce, logistics and so on.

[0062] 8、小区智能电网管理系统是智能电网的终端节点,为智能电网的建设和运行,以及应用打下了基础。 [0062] 8, residential smart grid management system is a terminal node of the smart grid, laid the foundation for the construction and operation of smart grids, as well as applications.

[0063] 9、可再生能源发电,充分利用富余的不稳定的电能,实现能源的高效利用和零排放。 [0063] 9, renewable energy, full use of the surplus energy unstable, and efficient use of energy to achieve zero emissions.

Claims (3)

1.一种智能电网管理系统,其特征在于所述的智能电网管理系统包括发电与储能侧管理系统和用电侧管理系统;所述的发电及储能侧管理系统对发电储能系统进行管理;发电储能系统包括传统电网供电、可再生能源发电、补充发电和储能系统;所述的发电及储能侧管理系统包括:发电监测模块、供电方式自动调控模块、储能监控模块、自动配网模块、自愈系统、发电和储能调控模块、发电量预测模块、电价管理模块、应急管理模块和远程监控模块; 所述发电监测模块实时监测传统电网的供电运行状态和电量,以及可再生能源发电状态和发电量,存储供电、发电的状态信息以及电量,以供所述的发电储能侧管理系统的其他模块使用,并实时传输给所述的用电侧管理系统,供智能化用电管理策略使用; 所述的供电方式自动调控模块根据所述的发电监测 A smart grid management system, wherein the smart grid management system includes a power generation energy storage system and the management-side side power management system; said power generation and energy storage management system side power energy storage system management; power energy storage system includes a conventional power supply, renewable energy, power generation and energy storage system supplement; and the generation-side storage management system comprising: a power monitoring module, automatic control of power supply modules, the storage monitoring module, automatic network module, self-healing systems, power generation and energy storage-control modules, power generation prediction module, tariff management module, emergency management module and remote monitoring module; and a power supply operation status of the power monitoring module in real-time monitoring of the traditional power grid, as well as renewable energy power generation state and power generation, power storage, and power generating state information to the other modules for power generation system using a storage management side, and real-time transmission of electricity to the side of the management system for the intelligent the use of power management policy; said power supply module is automatically regulated according to the power generation monitoring 块存储的信息以及所述的用电侧管理系统传来的预测的用电量信息,通过预存的各种控制策略自动地选择某一时刻或时段的供电方式; 所述的储能监控模块实时地监测储能设备的运行状态以及所储电量,并将这些状态信息和储电量进行存储,以备所述的发电储能侧管理系统的其他模块使用; 所述的自动配网模块对区域配网的运行工况进行监视、控制,并对其设备和日常工作实现离线、在线管理,提高配网运行的可靠性和故障自动分段、故障快速处理; 所述的发电和储能调控模块根据所述的用电侧管理系统传输过来的用电量的统计信息和用电量的预测信息,通过各种策略管理自动的调控可再生能源发电所产生的电力的使用方式包括直接供电或电能存储; 所述的发电量预测模块利用所述的发电监测模块所存储的信息进行仿真和预测未来某个时段的 And a prediction block of the stored information of the power consumption management system side transmitted through a variety of pre-stored control strategy automatically select a power supply mode or a time period; said real storage monitoring module the operating state and the storage capacity of the energy storage device is monitored, and status information is stored, and storage capacity, the other modules to prepare for said power energy storage management system using side; the region automatic network module with network operating condition monitoring, control, and offline, online management devices and their daily work, improve the reliability and operation of the distribution network fault automatic segmentation fault rapid processing; regulation of the generation and storage module according to statistics management side power transmission system over the electricity usage and the power consumption prediction information automatically through various regulatory policy management renewable energy produced by direct supply or the electrical energy storage comprises ; power generation amount prediction information according to a power generation module using the monitoring module stored simulate and predict a future time period 电总量和发电量的变化趋势,同时将这些信息进行存储,并实时传输给所述的用电侧管理系统以备各种智能化决策使用; 所述的电价管理模块用于电价的调整和预售电管理,并将实时的电价传输给所述的用电侧管理系统以供各种智能化决策使用; 所述的发电及储能侧管理系统通过有线网络传输介质获取发电及储能系统的信息,包括用电侧管理系统的设备运行状态、家庭用电量统计、公共区域设备用电量统计、家庭用电量趋势、公共区域设备用电量趋势、区域总用电量趋势和预付电费,结合发电储能侧管理系统状态,自动调控发电储能系统运行状态,并根据各种控制策略自动选择供电方式,具体包括:大电网单独供电方式、可再生能源发电单独供电方式、可再生能源发电单独供电且给储能系统充电方式、可再生能源与储能系统共同供电方式、补充发 And the total amount of change of the electric power generation amount, while the information is stored and transmitted in real time to the power-side management system used to prepare a variety of intelligent decisions; means for managing the tariff and the tariff adjustments electrically sale management, and real-time transmission to the electricity tariff side management system for all kinds of intelligent decision to use; the power generation and energy storage management system side and the power generation energy storage system acquires through a wired network transmission medium information, including operational status of the device-side electricity management system, household electricity consumption statistics, public area equipment power consumption statistics, household consumption trends, equipment consumption trends in public areas, the region's total electricity consumption trends and advances electricity, binding energy storage state of the generator-side management system, automatic control power energy storage system operation, and automatically select the power supply in accordance with various control strategies, including: a single power supply a large power, a separate power supply renewable energy power generation, renewable energy generation and a separate power supply to the energy storage system charging, the common power supply renewable energy and the energy storage system, added fat 电系统单独供电方式、混合供电方式和传统电网给储能系统充电方式;同时还给向发电及储能系统发送各种控制指令使得发电及储能系统按照所述的发电及储能侧管理系统的要求工作; 所述的用电侧管理系统对区域内的家庭用电和公共用电用电负荷进行管理,所述的用电侧管理系统包括:家庭用电设备的用电监控模块、区域公共设备用电监控模块、用电量预测模块、设备智能化管理模块、设备远程监控模块、节约用电控制策略模块和预付费管理模块; 所述的用电侧管理系统通过家用设备用电监控模块及公共设备用电监控模块实时地监测各个家用设备的用电状态和小区内部各个公共设备的用电状态,并进行用电量的统计,将所得到的状态信息和用电量数据进行实时存储;同时接收系统的控制指令实现对设备的开关控制,进行设备信息管理、操作日志 A separate electrical power supply system, power supply and mixing conventional charging power to the energy storage system; back simultaneously transmits various control commands such that the power generation and energy storage and power generation energy storage system in accordance with the management system side and the power generation energy storage system work requirements; the power management system side and the household electricity load in the public electric power management area, said side power management system comprising: a power monitor module household electrical equipment, the region device public power monitoring module, power consumption prediction module, the device management module intelligent, remote monitoring module, and a module control strategy to conserve electricity prepaid management module; said electric household appliance-side power management system by monitoring public equipment modules and power monitoring module to monitor in real time power status of the internal cells of each of the respective domestic appliance state electricity public device, and power consumption statistics, the obtained status information in real time and the consumption data memory; simultaneous control instruction receiving system for switch control device, for the device management information, the operation log 理; 所述的用电量预测模块通过利用家用设备用电监控模块和公共设备用电监控模块所存储的设备用电量统计数据进行仿真和预测,预测未来某一时间点或时间段的用电量以及用电量的变化趋势,同时结合所述的节约用电控制策略模块实现对未来某一时间点或时间段某一用电设备或系统的用电量的准确预测并将预测的结果实时地传输到所述的发电、储能侧管理系统以供其进行各种智能化的决策使用; 所述的节约用电控制策略模块通过预存的控制策略,以及所述的发电储能侧管理系统传输过来的实时电价信息及发电量预测信息来调整各种用电控制策略,在保证不影响用户使用习惯下自动地实现对不同情况下设备智能化和自动化控制;同时根据所述的发电储能侧管理系统传输过来各种数据信息来调整各种用电控制策略; 所述的用电侧管理系统通过 Li; the electricity demand forecasting module prediction using the simulation apparatus and the power consumption statistics monitoring module electrical household appliances and electrical equipment public monitoring module stored, the predicted future point in time or time period with and power consumption trend, combined with the power saving control policy module for accurate prediction and a prediction of the future power consumption of electrical equipment or systems, or a period of time points results transmitted in real time to the power generation, energy storage management system according to the side for which the use of various intelligent decisions; the control strategy to conserve electricity by the pre-stored control strategy module, and said power energy storage management side real-time pricing information and power generation amount prediction information transmitted by the system to adjust a variety of electrical control strategy, automatically achieved without changing the intelligence and automation equipment under the control of different user habits; while according to the electricity storage side management system can be transmitted by a variety of data information to adjust various electrical control policy; said power management system through the side 能电网综合信息平台获得所述的发电储能侧管理系统的大电网运行状态、大电网发电量、可再生能源系统运行状态、可再生能源系统发电量、补充发电系统运行状态、补充发电系统发电量、储能系统运行状态、储能系统电量、发电总量、发电量变化趋势和实时电价,结合用电侧管理系统的状态优化用电管理策略,提高可再生能源利用率、提高用电设备智能化和节约用电; 所述的发电与储能侧管理系统和用电侧管理系统两大系统通过网络通信技术进行数据的交互与共享,实现发电与用电的综合协调控制。 Internet information can be integrated to obtain the grid-side power energy storage management system according to the operating state of large power, the large power generation capacity, renewable energy systems operating state, the renewable energy power generation systems, power generation systems operating state supplement, supplement power generation system the amount of energy storage system running state, the energy storage system power, the total power generation, power generation and real-time pricing trends, side coupling state power management system for optimizing power management strategy to enhance the utilization of renewable energy, improving electrical equipment intelligent and save electricity; side of the power generation energy storage system and the management-side power management system to interact with the two systems share data through the network communication technology, and realize comprehensive coordination control of generation of electricity.
2.按照权利要求1所述的智能电网管理系统,其特征是所述的自愈系统利用发电监控模块、储能监控模块所存储的大量运行状态信息进行实时或超实时仿真,实现故障发展快速仿真的实时预测功能,对故障后的系统实现超实时的分析计算,从而实现对各发电、供电和储能系统的实时控制;所述的应急管理模块跟所述的自愈系统模块紧密配合,根据所述的自愈系统各种仿真信息和决策信息,对发生的各种故障进行应急处理。 2. The smart grid management system of claim 1, wherein said self-healing power generation system using a large number of operating status monitoring module, the monitoring module stored in the storage information in real time or faster than real time emulation, failure to achieve rapid development simulation of real-time forecasting, to achieve the system after the failure of the super-real-time analysis and calculation, in order to achieve real-time control of each power generation, power supply and energy storage systems; work closely with the emergency management module with the self-healing system modules, according to various decision information and emulation information of the self-healing system, a variety of emergency treatment failure.
3.按照权利要求1所述的智能电网管理系统,其特征是所述的供电方式自动调控模块通过预存的各种控制策略自动地选择某一时刻或时段的供电方式,包括如下所列的方式: (1)大电网单独供电方式:在可再生能源及其储能系统故障或者无法输出电能时,由大电网单独供电; (2)可再生能源发电单独供电方式:当可再生能源发电量完全能够满足用户用电需求时由可再生能源单独供电; (3)可再生能源发电单独供电且给储能系统充电方式:当可再生能源可用功率大于用户用电量时,多余功率用于给储能系统充电; (4)可再生能源与储能系统共同供电方式:当可再生能源发电量与储能系统放电量能够完全满足用户用电需求、且根据用户用电量预测、在未来一段时间内可再生能源功率大于用户用电需求时,由可再生能源与储能系统共同供电; (5)补充发电系统单独供电方 3. The smart grid management system of claim 1, wherein said power supply module is automatically regulated power supply automatically select a certain time period or by a variety of pre-stored control strategies, including the manner set out below : (1) a single large power supply mode: when the renewable energy storage system malfunction or not and outputting electrical energy, a large power supply alone; (2) a separate power supply renewable energy power generation mode: when the amount of renewable energy power generation completely when the power supply to meet the user demand for electricity from renewable energy sources individually; (3) a separate power supply renewable energy power generation and energy storage system charging: when a user of renewable energy consumption is greater than the available power, the excess power is used to reservoir energy charging system; (4) a common power supply renewable energy and the energy storage system: when the amount of renewable energy generating system and the storage discharge capacity to fully meet user demand for electricity, and electricity consumption prediction according to the user, some time in the future when power is greater than the renewable energy power demand user, powered by a renewable energy and common energy storage system; (5) a separate supplemental power generation system side 式:当传统电网和可再生能源发电系统同时出现故障的情况下,发电系统将自动切换到由该系统单独供电方式,同时限制用户仅可使用基本用电功率; (6)混合供电方式:当即将达到用电高峰时,自动切换到传统电网和可再生能源发电同时供电的模式;在引入实时电价时,实时调节传统电网与可再生能源的用电比例,以减少用户费用;(7)传统电网给储能系统充电方式:当达到用电低谷且储能系统能量较少时,采用传统电网给储能系统充电。 Formula: In the case where the conventional power grid and renewable energy generation system in the simultaneous failure of the power generation system will automatically switch to a separate power supply by the system, while limiting the user can only use the basic electrical power; (6) hybrid power supply mode: when about upon reaching the peak, and automatically switch to the conventional grid power while renewable energy mode; spot price at the time of introduction, the ratio of real-time adjustment conventional grid electricity renewable energy sources, in order to reduce user costs; (7) a conventional grid to charge the energy storage system: when a low power consumption and achieve low energy storage systems, conventional power grid to charge the energy storage system. ` `
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