CN102277925A - Heat insulating tile and manufacturing method - Google Patents

Heat insulating tile and manufacturing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102277925A
CN102277925A CN2011101621316A CN201110162131A CN102277925A CN 102277925 A CN102277925 A CN 102277925A CN 2011101621316 A CN2011101621316 A CN 2011101621316A CN 201110162131 A CN201110162131 A CN 201110162131A CN 102277925 A CN102277925 A CN 102277925A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat insulating
parts
insulating tile
raw material
tile
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Pending
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CN2011101621316A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
袁华琴
卢耀兴
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袁华琴
卢耀兴
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Application filed by 袁华琴, 卢耀兴 filed Critical 袁华琴
Priority to CN2011101621316A priority Critical patent/CN102277925A/en
Publication of CN102277925A publication Critical patent/CN102277925A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/244Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation using natural or recycled building materials, e.g. straw, wool, clay or used tires

Abstract

The invention discloses a heat insulating tile. The heat insulating tile is characterized in that: the heat insulating tile is manufactured by mixing 150 to 200 weight parts of cement, 20 to 25 weight parts of water, 200 to 400 weight parts of nitre and 150 to 200 weight parts of sand in combination with an extruded thermal baffle by a mold. The manufactured heat insulating tile is low in cost, good in heat insulating effect, light, firm, attractive, durable and highly glossy; in a manufacturing process, a semi-automatic process flow is adopted, operation steps are simple, and operations are finished at normal temperature without high temperature firing; and the manufacturing process is suitable for industrial production.

Description

A kind of heat insulating tile and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of brick for building, particularly a kind of heat insulating tile that is applied to the attic laying and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
The buildings in general attic often is subjected to Exposure to Sunlight, and for fear of causing interior temperature too high, it is heat insulation to lay heat insulating tile at attic usually.Heat insulating tile can make roofing heat insulation summer, and the insulation in winter has reduced the use of freezing and getting dim equipment, has reached the purpose of energy-saving and emission-reduction, is a kind of novel product that the low-carbon (LC) social environment requires of complying with.Generally all be to adopt the manually heat insulating tile of operation preparation at high temperature at present, because the raw material proportioning that the preparation heat insulating tile adopts is unreasonable, cause waste of material, cost is too high, and the preponderance of brick also can impact roofing.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention provide a kind of cost low, and be fit to heat insulating tile of suitability for industrialized production and preparation method thereof.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above with following technical scheme:
Invention one, a kind of heat insulating tile is to mix the back by following raw materials in portion by weight to be prepared from by mould in conjunction with the extrusion molding insulating board: 150~200 parts in 150~200 parts of cement, 20~25 parts in water, 200~400 parts on stone nitre and sand.
Can also add the raw material of following weight portion in the above-mentioned preparation raw material: 5~7 parts of 3 parts of early strength water-reducing agents and brighteners.
Invention two, a kind of preparation method of heat insulating tile, operate according to the following steps:
1) raw material of preparation heat insulating tile
Get following raw materials in portion by weight earlier: 150~200 parts in 150~200 parts of cement, 20~25 parts in water, 200~400 parts on stone nitre and sand mix the raw material of making heat insulating tile with above-mentioned raw materials then under the condition of speed of agitator 13~17r/min, mixing time 15~20S;
2) material of preparation heat insulating tile isolation layer
Get extrusion molding insulating board finished product and cut apart the blockage that is cut into long 27~28CM * wide 27~28CM * thick 2.5~3CM specification;
3) preparation heat insulating tile
Will long 30CM * wide 30CM * plastics or the steel die of dark 5CM, be placed on the plane vibration platform of 150 * 110CM, start vibroplatform, under the condition of vibrating motor 2840r/min, vibration frequency 50HZ, the heat insulating tile raw material that step (1) obtains is poured in the mould, the extrusion molding insulating board that step (2) is obtained is pushed by hand it is embedded in the heat insulating tile raw material again, make the raw material of heat insulating tile that extrusion molding insulating board parcel is closely knit, and make its pressure cause the extrusion molding insulating board and the mould upper port is smooth by vibration, break away from vibration, mould is put dried the back demoulding and get final product.
Above-mentioned preparation method, in step 1), the raw material of preparation heat insulating tile can also add the raw material of following weight portion: 5~7 parts of 3 parts of early strength water-reducing agents and brighteners.
The present invention is owing to adopted the lower stone nitre of price, and reduce the consumption that conventional method is used cement and river sand, thereby save cost greatly, the heat insulating tile good heat-insulation effect that makes, light weight is firm, attractive and durable, smooth glossiness is good, and preparation process has adopted semi-automatic technological process, operating procedure is simple, normal-temperature operation does not need high-temperature firing, is fit to suitability for industrialized production.
The specific embodiment
Below the present invention is described in further detail:
Heat insulating tile of the present invention is to mix the back by following raw materials in portion by weight to be prepared from according to a conventional method by mould in conjunction with the extrusion molding insulating board: 150~200 parts in 150~200 parts of cement, 20~25 parts in water, 300~400 parts on stone nitre and sand.
Can also add the raw material of following weight portion in the above-mentioned preparation raw material: 5~7 parts of 3 parts of early strength water-reducing agents and brighteners.
Heat insulating tile of the present invention also can adopt following operating procedure to be prepared:
1) preparation heat insulating tile raw material
Get following raw materials in weight portion: 150~200 parts in 150~200 parts of cement, 20~25 parts in water, 300~400 parts on stone nitre and sand, also can add 5~7 parts of 3 parts of early strength water-reducing agents and brighteners in above-mentioned raw materials.Described cement can be selected the portland cement of optional a PO series such as PO32.5, PO32.5R, PO42.5, PO42.5R, PO52.5, PO52.5 for use.Then with serial cylinder concrete mixer such as JZC, JZCB, JDY, JDC, JS or with JDY350 type concrete mixer, disk forced action type multifunctional mixer, under the condition of speed of agitator 13~17r/min, mixing time 15~20S, stir and make the heat insulating tile raw material.
2) material of preparation heat insulating tile isolation layer
With commercially available extrusion molding insulating board finished product, cut apart the blockage that is cut into long 27~28CM * wide 27~28CM * thick 2.5~3CM specification.
2) preparation heat insulating tile
Plastics or steel die that will long 30CM * wide 30CM * 5CM, be placed on the plane vibration platform of 150 * 110CM, start vibroplatform, at vibrating motor 2840r/min, under the condition of vibration frequency 50HZ, the heat insulating tile raw material that step (1) is obtained is poured in the mould and is vibrated, the long 28CM that will cut again * wide 28CM * thick 2.5~3CM specification extrusion molding insulating board manual pushing under the condition of vibration embeds in the heat insulating tile raw material it, make the raw material of heat insulating tile that extrusion molding insulating board parcel is closely knit, make its pressure cause the extrusion molding insulating board by vibration again and the mould upper port is smooth, then with the mould separating vibroplatform, mould put dry the back demoulding and get final product.
Below be embodiments of the invention:
Each embodiment prepares heat insulating tile raw material proportioning and sees Table 1
Table 1
The preparation method of embodiment 1-4:
1) gets raw material by table 1, adopt JZC cylinder concrete mixer under the condition of speed of agitator 17r/min, mixing time 15S, stir and make the heat insulating tile raw material.
2) with commercially available extrusion molding insulating board finished product, cut apart the blockage that is cut into long 28CM * wide 28CM * thick 2.5~3CM specification.
2) preparation heat insulating tile
Plastics or steel die with 30CM * 30CM * 5CM, be placed on the plane vibration platform of 150 * 110CM, start vibroplatform, vibrating motor 2840r/min, start vibroplatform under the condition of vibration frequency 50HZ, the heat insulating tile raw material that step (1) is obtained is poured in the mould and is vibrated, extrusion molding insulating board manual pushing under the condition of vibration with 28CM * 28CM * 2.5~3CM specification of cutting embeds in heat insulating tile raw material it again, make the raw material of heat insulating tile closely knit extrusion molding insulating board parcel, make its pressure cause the extrusion molding insulating board by vibration again and the mould upper port is smooth, then with the mould separating vibroplatform, put and dry the back demoulding and get final product.The heat insulating tile flat appearance glossiness that makes is good, and the size of heat insulating tile (length * wide * height) is 30CM * 30CM * 4.5~5CM.
The preparation method of embodiment 5-6:
In step 1), get raw material by table 1, adopt JDY350 type concrete mixer under the condition of speed of agitator 13r/min, mixing time 20S, stir and make the heat insulating tile raw material.
Step 2) identical with step 3) with embodiment 1.
The preparation process of heat insulating tile of the present invention is the semi-automatic process under the normal-temperature operation that is no more than 40 degree.Heat insulating tile raw material and extrusion molding insulating board that the present invention adopts have good damping and good heat insulation, heat-insulating property, and be cheap; The extrusion molding heat-barrier material is in civilian and industrial widespread usage, nontoxic pollution-free, and long-term without putrefaction is so the application in the present invention of this material helps environmental protection; The present invention adopts early strength water-reducing agent, early strength water-reducing agent is to be Main Ingredients and Appearance with beta-naphthalenesulfonic-acid salt formaldehyde condensation products, and be compounded with the efficient early strength water-reducing agent that strengthens component, it is good that it has cement type compliance, characteristics such as amount of air entrainment is few, it is remarkable that diminishing strengthens effect, and early strength function is particularly evident, can improve concrete frost resistance, impermeability and durability widely.The effect of early strength water-reducing agent non-corroding, nontoxic, pollution-free, be widely used in the steel concrete or the prestressed reinforced concrete construction of industry and civilian construction, prefabricated units of steam-cured and natural curing etc., the winter construction when also can be used for temperature and being not less than-5 ℃.The present invention has added an amount of water reducing agent, has not only alleviated the quality of heat insulating tile, has improved the thermal and insulating performance of heat insulating tile, and has improved the mechanical strength of heat insulating tile raw material apace; While later strength height, reinforced cementitious layer structure makes that extexine is difficult for breaking; Water-tight.The stone nitre that the present invention selects for use, preferably average grain is at the stone nitre of 5~7CM, the sand bore of selecting for use at the medium sand of 0.8~1.2mm for well.The present invention adopts stone nitre to substitute the river sand of traditional big deal, and stone nitre played the effect of " skeleton " of brick, has increased the compactness of brick, reinforce the mechanical strength of this layer, make brick harder, not cracky, stone nitre is more cheap than river sand simultaneously, has saved cost widely.The present invention can add brightener in the extexine of heat insulating tile, brightener makes the surface aesthetic, smooth of extexine can not cause the phenomenon that silt particle peels off.
Product of the present invention is through Guangxi construction engineering quality inspection center verification test, and drawing density is 1054kg/ cube, and the quality water absorption rate is 7.2~17.1%, and the volume water absorption rate is 5.7~10.8%, and compressive strength is 0.85Mpa, and coefficient of thermal conductivity is 0.0297W/ (m.k).As seen its performance parameter is better than the performance parameter of the heat insulating tile that traditional operation obtains, and product of the present invention has light weight, good heat-insulation effect, and advantage such as quality is firm can replace traditional product.

Claims (4)

1. a heat insulating tile is characterized in that, it is to mix the back by following raw materials in portion by weight to be prepared from by mould in conjunction with the extrusion molding insulating board: 150~200 parts in 150~200 parts of cement, 20~25 parts in water, 200~400 parts on stone nitre and sand.
2. heat insulating tile according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also adds the raw material of following weight portion: 5~7 parts of 3 parts of early strength water-reducing agents and brighteners.
3. the preparation method of a heat insulating tile is characterized in that, its operating procedure is as follows:
1) raw material of preparation heat insulating tile
Get following raw materials in portion by weight earlier: 150~200 parts in 150~200 parts of cement, 20~25 parts in water, 300~400 parts on stone nitre and sand mix the raw material of making heat insulating tile with above-mentioned raw materials then under the condition of speed of agitator 13~17r/min, mixing time 15~20S;
2) material of preparation heat insulating tile isolation layer
Get extrusion molding insulating board finished product and cut apart the blockage that is cut into long 27~28CM * thick 2.5~3CM specification of wide 27~28CM;
3) preparation heat insulating tile
Plastics or steel die with 30CM * 30CM * 5CM, be placed on the plane vibration platform of 150 * 110CM, start vibroplatform, under the condition of vibrating motor 2840r/min, vibration frequency 50HZ, the heat insulating tile raw material that step (1) obtains is poured in the mould, the extrusion molding insulating board that step (2) is obtained is pushed by hand it is embedded in the heat insulating tile raw material again, make the raw material of heat insulating tile closely knit extrusion molding insulating board parcel, make its pressure cause the extrusion molding insulating board by vibration again and the mould upper port is smooth, then with the mould separating vibroplatform, put and dry the back demoulding and get final product.
4. according to the preparation method of the described heat insulating tile of claim 3, it is characterized in that in step 1), the raw material of preparation heat insulating tile can also add the raw material of following weight portion: 5~7 parts of 3 parts of early strength water-reducing agents and brighteners.
CN2011101621316A 2011-06-16 2011-06-16 Heat insulating tile and manufacturing method Pending CN102277925A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101621316A CN102277925A (en) 2011-06-16 2011-06-16 Heat insulating tile and manufacturing method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101621316A CN102277925A (en) 2011-06-16 2011-06-16 Heat insulating tile and manufacturing method

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102555022A (en) * 2012-01-19 2012-07-11 中山市诚盛建材开发有限公司 Process for manufacturing heat-insulating brick
CN103570284A (en) * 2012-08-01 2014-02-12 林卫超 Novel thermal insulating brick and preparation method thereof

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1049490A (en) * 1989-08-12 1991-02-27 北京市门头沟区专利技术开发研究所 Make non-burning brick method and tackiness agent thereof with industrial residue
DE19952072A1 (en) * 1999-10-28 2001-08-09 Winkler Poroton Ziegel Gmbh Composite insulated construction element for use in wall, ceiling, roof and floor comprises outer members and an insulating layer
CN201040891Y (en) * 2006-11-06 2008-03-26 李志国 Dovetail occlusive combined brick
CN101294434A (en) * 2008-06-17 2008-10-29 薛锋堂 Novel composite thermal insulation building block and producing method thereof
CN101871245A (en) * 2010-06-22 2010-10-27 周正雄 Roofing heat insulating bricks and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1049490A (en) * 1989-08-12 1991-02-27 北京市门头沟区专利技术开发研究所 Make non-burning brick method and tackiness agent thereof with industrial residue
DE19952072A1 (en) * 1999-10-28 2001-08-09 Winkler Poroton Ziegel Gmbh Composite insulated construction element for use in wall, ceiling, roof and floor comprises outer members and an insulating layer
CN201040891Y (en) * 2006-11-06 2008-03-26 李志国 Dovetail occlusive combined brick
CN101294434A (en) * 2008-06-17 2008-10-29 薛锋堂 Novel composite thermal insulation building block and producing method thereof
CN101871245A (en) * 2010-06-22 2010-10-27 周正雄 Roofing heat insulating bricks and preparation method thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102555022A (en) * 2012-01-19 2012-07-11 中山市诚盛建材开发有限公司 Process for manufacturing heat-insulating brick
CN102555022B (en) * 2012-01-19 2014-08-13 中山市诚盛建材开发有限公司 Process for manufacturing heat-insulating brick
CN103570284A (en) * 2012-08-01 2014-02-12 林卫超 Novel thermal insulating brick and preparation method thereof
CN103570284B (en) * 2012-08-01 2016-01-13 林卫超 A kind of insulating brick and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20111214