CN102276352B - Pleurotus eryngii culture medium - Google Patents

Pleurotus eryngii culture medium Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102276352B
CN102276352B CN201110152379.4A CN201110152379A CN102276352B CN 102276352 B CN102276352 B CN 102276352B CN 201110152379 A CN201110152379 A CN 201110152379A CN 102276352 B CN102276352 B CN 102276352B
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China
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parts
pleurotus eryngii
raw
culture medium
bacterial dreg
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CN201110152379.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102276352A (en
Inventor
郑松辉
周芝朵
蔡桂燕
石玉娟
游丽容
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福建绿宝食品集团有限公司
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Priority to CN201110152379.4A priority Critical patent/CN102276352B/en
Publication of CN102276352A publication Critical patent/CN102276352A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a Pleurotus eryngii culture medium which is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by mass: 40-60 parts of bacterial dreg, 30-40 parts of corn cob, 10-15 parts of bran and 0.9-1.1 parts of lime. By using the bacterial dreg instead of wood dust and cottonseed hull, the bacterial dreg is recycled, thereby enhancing the bioavailability of the effective constituents in the bacterial dreg; and thus, the invention solves the problem of raw material resources, effectively utilizes the agricultural leftovers, changes wastes into valuable substances and lowers the raw material cost and transportation expenses, thereby lowering the production cost of the Pleurotus eryngii and having favorable economical and ecological effects.

Description

A kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material
Technical field
The invention belongs to the production field of edible mushrooms, more specifically relate to a kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material.
Background technology
Pleurotus eryngii has another name called pleurotus eryngii, belong to Holobasidiomycetes, Agaricales, Pleurotaceae, pleurotus, it is a kind of colory large-scale meat agaric, its quality is tender and crisp, bacterial context is plump, delicious flavour, has unique almond flavor, have the title of " flat mushroom king ", " on grassland King Boletus ", be favourably welcome.
Pleurotus eryngii balanced in nutrition is a kind of high protein, low-fat dietary supplements.Its aminoacids content enriches, also containing inorganic salt and VITAMIN such as a certain amount of calcium, phosphorus, potassium, iron.The specific polysaccharide energy enhancing body resistance against diseases that it contains, enriching oligosaccharides has beautifying and anti-aging function.In addition, because crude fiber content is high, there is strengthening gastrointestinal peristalsis function, to digestive system, there is certain effect.In addition Pleurotus eryngii has higher resistance to storage, resistance to fortune compared with other edible fungis, and its fresh keeping property and shelf-life are extended greatly.
Due to being of high nutritive value of Pleurotus eryngii, so the Pleurotus eryngii of China's commerial growing is a lot of at present.The Main Cultivation raw material of traditional mode of production Pleurotus eryngii is based on cotton seed hulls, wood chip, but cotton major production areas is in the north, and southern cotton seed hulls quantity is few, and price is high, limits the development of Pleurotus eryngii plantation.Also there is people to consider from food safety angle, think and cotton seed hulls should not be used as culture medium, because can gossypol be discharged in sterilization process, have certain toxicity to mycelia.
Aborning, wood chip source is usually unstable, and quality is unreliable, once band objectionable impurities in wood chip, will bring massive losses, and not use wood chip can reduce certain risk, and also can reduce by a compounding links, enhance productivity to production.Take wood chip as the formula of major ingredient, its shortcoming is that substratum physical behavior is poor, and solvable, instant nutrient content is low, and the nutritive substance that edible mushrooms early growth needs can not be guaranteed.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material, by making full use of the tankage of the production in edible mushrooms producing region, using edible fungi residues as main raw material, reasonably combined, produce a kind of culture material being suitable for planting almond abalone mushroom, low price, steady quality.
The present invention implements by following technical solution:
The raw material composition of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material and mass fraction are: a bacterium slag 40-60 part, corn cob 30-40 part, wheat bran 10-15 part, lime 0.9-1.1 part.
Described bacterium cinder ladle draws together Auricularia fungus slag.
Mixed by above-mentioned raw materials siccative, add water stirring, described culture material, its water content is 65-67%.
This culture material is except for except Xinbao mushroom culturing, and also can be used for the cultivation of the straw rotting fungus such as straw mushroom, Twospore Mushroom, Coprinus comatus, suitability is wide.
The present invention has following advantage:
1, stability, the rate of exchange of local materials acquisition are considered, implementation is gathered materials on the spot, with the cotton seed hulls needed for bacterium slag replacement traditional mode of production and wood chip, reduce raw materials cost and trucking costs, simultaneously due in bacterium slag containing a large amount of mineral elements such as mycelium protein, polysaccharide, nitrogen phosphorus, potassium and multivitamin and trace element.The particularly bacterium slag of factorial praluction edible mushrooms, generally only go out 1-2 tide mushroom, available nutrition remaining in bacterium slag is more, fully uses bacterium slag resource to economize on resources, avoids waste.
2, bacterium slag is adopted to be raw material, make the recycle of bacterium slag, improve the bioavailability of effective constituent in bacterium slag, what not only solve raw material carrys out source problem, and effectively make use of agricultural byproduct, turns waste into wealth, thus reduce Pleurotus eryngii production cost, there are good economy and ecological benefits, and simplify compounding links, improve Pleurotus eryngii quality and the biological efficiency of production.
3, compared with the prior art, it is low that the present invention has price, the feature that raw material sources are wide, not only can reduce the production cost of Edible Fungi person, and by by the recycle of agricultural tankage, make it have energy-saving and emission-reduction and realize the significance of recycling economy.
Embodiment
The raw material composition of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material and mass fraction are: a bacterium slag 40-60 part, corn cob 30-40 part, wheat bran 10-15 part, lime 0.9-1.1 part.
Mixed by above-mentioned raw materials siccative, add water stirring, described culture material, its water content is 65-67%.
Embodiment 1
A kind of raw material composition of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material and mass fraction are: Auricularia fungus slag 40 parts, corn cob 40 parts, 10 parts, wheat bran, 1.1 parts, lime, its water content is 65%.
Embodiment 2
A kind of raw material composition of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material and mass fraction are: Lentinus Edodes fungus slag 60 parts, corn cob 30 parts, 15 parts, wheat bran, 0.9 part, lime, its water content is 67%.
Embodiment 3
A kind of raw material composition of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material and mass fraction are: edible fungi residue 50 parts, corn cob 35 parts, 12 parts, wheat bran, 1.0 parts, lime, its water content is 66%.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, all equalizations done according to the present patent application the scope of the claims change and modify, and all should belong to covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a pleurotus eryngii cultivating material, is characterized in that: the raw material composition of described culture material and mass fraction are: bacterium slag 40-60 part, corn cob 30-40 part, wheat bran 10-15 part, lime 0.9-1.1 part; Described bacterium cinder ladle draws together Auricularia fungus slag; The water content of described culture material is 65-67%.
CN201110152379.4A 2011-06-08 2011-06-08 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium CN102276352B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN102276352B true CN102276352B (en) 2015-01-07

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Families Citing this family (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103420720B (en) * 2013-07-24 2015-03-11 浙江百兴食品有限公司 Base material formula for cultivation of pleurotus eryngii and using method
CN103497058A (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-01-08 上海市农业科学院 Pleurotus eryngii compost
CN103891525A (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-07-02 襄汾县侯临农业科技有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii waste bacteria stick recycling method and application thereof
CN104119118A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-10-29 东至林野生态种植中心 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium prepared from mushroom residue and preparation method thereof
CN104072300A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-10-01 运城市冰丰商贸有限公司 High-yield pleurotus cornucopiae culture material
CN104163705A (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-11-26 安庆市绿茵农业发展有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium with mushroom dregs as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN104311332A (en) * 2014-10-20 2015-01-28 合肥奕涵农牧科技有限公司 Culture medium for cultivating pleurotus eryngii by using mushroom dregs and preparation method of culture medium
CN104496698A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-08 成都榕珍菌业有限公司 Coprinus comatus culture medium containing pleurotus eryngii fungi residues and preparation method of coprinus comatus culture medium
CN107011035A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-08-04 贵州穗农农业科技有限公司 Give up Lenlinus edodes base of base-material and preparation method thereof containing mushroom
CN107324868A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-11-07 十堰市农业科学院 One kind utilizes pleurotus eryngii bacteria residue production pleurotus eryngii cultivating material and preparation method
CN108990708A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-12-14 十堰市农业科学院 It is given up the compost and preparation method of bacteria residue factory culture Pleurotus eryngii using mushroom

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101456772A (en) * 2008-12-16 2009-06-17 许忠 Culture medium of pleurotus eryngii and preparation thereof
CN101874452A (en) * 2009-11-20 2010-11-03 唐东升 Method for cultivating pleurotus eryngii
CN101889522A (en) * 2010-07-28 2010-11-24 四川农业大学 Method for planting pleurotus ostreatus by using shitake mushroom dregs
CN101940127A (en) * 2010-08-04 2011-01-12 李文生 Production method for planting agaricus bisporus by using mushroom residues of pleurotus eryngii

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101456772A (en) * 2008-12-16 2009-06-17 许忠 Culture medium of pleurotus eryngii and preparation thereof
CN101874452A (en) * 2009-11-20 2010-11-03 唐东升 Method for cultivating pleurotus eryngii
CN101889522A (en) * 2010-07-28 2010-11-24 四川农业大学 Method for planting pleurotus ostreatus by using shitake mushroom dregs
CN101940127A (en) * 2010-08-04 2011-01-12 李文生 Production method for planting agaricus bisporus by using mushroom residues of pleurotus eryngii

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