CN102276352A - Pleurotus eryngii culture medium - Google Patents

Pleurotus eryngii culture medium Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102276352A
CN102276352A CN2011101523794A CN201110152379A CN102276352A CN 102276352 A CN102276352 A CN 102276352A CN 2011101523794 A CN2011101523794 A CN 2011101523794A CN 201110152379 A CN201110152379 A CN 201110152379A CN 102276352 A CN102276352 A CN 102276352A
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China
Prior art keywords
pleurotus eryngii
parts
raw
culture medium
bacterial dreg
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CN2011101523794A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102276352B (en
Inventor
郑松辉
周芝朵
蔡桂燕
石玉娟
游丽容
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福建绿宝食品集团有限公司
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Priority to CN201110152379.4A priority Critical patent/CN102276352B/en
Publication of CN102276352A publication Critical patent/CN102276352A/en
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Publication of CN102276352B publication Critical patent/CN102276352B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a Pleurotus eryngii culture medium which is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by mass: 40-60 parts of bacterial dreg, 30-40 parts of corn cob, 10-15 parts of bran and 0.9-1.1 parts of lime. By using the bacterial dreg instead of wood dust and cottonseed hull, the bacterial dreg is recycled, thereby enhancing the bioavailability of the effective constituents in the bacterial dreg; and thus, the invention solves the problem of raw material resources, effectively utilizes the agricultural leftovers, changes wastes into valuable substances and lowers the raw material cost and transportation expenses, thereby lowering the production cost of the Pleurotus eryngii and having favorable economical and ecological effects.

Description

A kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material
Technical field
The invention belongs to the production field of edible mushrooms, more specifically relate to a kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material.
Background technology
Pleurotus eryngii has another name called eryngo and picks up the ears, belong to Holobasidiomycetes, Agaricales, Pleurotaceae, pleurotus, it is a kind of colory large-scale meat agaric, its quality is tender and crisp, the bacterial context plumpness, delicious flavour has unique almond flavor, have the title of " flat mushroom king ", " King Boletus on the grassland ", be favourably welcome.
Pleurotus eryngii balanced in nutrition is a kind of high protein, low-fat dietary supplements.Its aminoacids content is abundant, also contains inorganic salt and VITAMIN such as a certain amount of calcium, phosphorus, potassium, iron.Its specific polysaccharide that contains energy enhancing body resistance against diseases, enriching oligosaccharides has the beautifying and anti-aging function.In addition, because the crude fiber content height has the strengthening gastrointestinal peristalsis function, digestive system had certain effect.Pleurotus eryngii has higher anti-storage, anti-fortune than other edible fungis in addition, and its fresh keeping property and shelf-life are prolonged greatly.
Because being of high nutritive value of Pleurotus eryngii, so the Pleurotus eryngii of China's commerial growing is a lot of at present.The main culturing raw material of traditional mode of production Pleurotus eryngii is based on cotton seed hulls, wood chip, but the cotton major production areas is in the north, and southern cotton seed hulls quantity is few, and the price height has limited the development of Pleurotus eryngii plantation.Also there is the people to consider, thinks and to use cotton seed hulls, mycelia is had certain toxicity because can discharge gossypol in the sterilization process as culture medium from the food safety angle.
Aborning, the wood chip source is usually unstable, and in a single day quality is unreliable, has harmful substances in the wood chip, will bring massive losses to production, does not use wood chip can reduce certain risk, also can reduce by a compounding links, enhances productivity.With the wood chip is the prescription of major ingredient, and its shortcoming is that the substratum physical behavior is poor, and solvable, instant nutrient content is low, and the nutritive substance that the edible mushrooms early growth needs can not be guaranteed.
Summary of the invention
At the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material, the tankage of the production by making full use of the edible mushrooms producing region,, reasonably combined with edible fungi residues as main raw material, produce a kind of culture material that is suitable for planting almond abalone mushroom, low price, steady quality.
The present invention implements by following technical solution:
A kind of raw material of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material is formed and mass fraction is: bacterium slag 40-60 part, corn cob 30-40 part, wheat bran 10-15 part, lime 0.9-1.1 part.
Described bacterium cinder ladle is drawn together the Auricularia fungus slag.
The above-mentioned raw materials siccative is mixed, adds water and stir, described culture material, its water content is 65-67%.
This culture material also can be used for the cultivation of straw rotting fungus such as straw mushroom, Twospore Mushroom, Coprinus comatus except being used for Xinbao mushroom culturing, suitability is wide.
The present invention has following advantage:
1, considers stability, the rate of exchange that local materials obtains, implementation is gathered materials on the spot, replace required cotton seed hulls and the wood chip of traditional mode of production with the bacterium slag, reduce raw materials cost and trucking costs, simultaneously owing to contain mineral element and multivitamin and trace elements such as a large amount of mycelium proteins, polysaccharide, nitrogen phosphorus, potassium in the bacterium slag.Particularly the bacterium slag of edible mushrooms is produced in batch production, generally only goes out 1-2 tide mushroom, and available nutrition remaining in the bacterium slag is more, fully uses bacterium slag resource to economize on resources, and avoids waste.
2, adopting the bacterium slag is raw material, make the recycle of bacterium slag, improve the bioavailability of effective constituent in the bacterium slag, not only solve the source problem that comes of raw material, and effectively utilized agricultural byproduct, turn waste into wealth, thereby reduce the Pleurotus eryngii production cost, have good economy and ecological benefits, and simplified compounding links, improved the Pleurotus eryngii quality and the biology efficient of producing.
3, compared with the prior art, it is low that the present invention has price, and the characteristics that raw material sources are wide not only can reduce Edible Fungi person's production cost, and, make it have the significance of energy-saving and emission-reduction and realization recycling economy by with the recycle of agricultural tankage.
Embodiment
A kind of raw material of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material is formed and mass fraction is: bacterium slag 40-60 part, corn cob 30-40 part, wheat bran 10-15 part, lime 0.9-1.1 part.
The above-mentioned raw materials siccative is mixed, adds water and stir, described culture material, its water content is 65-67%.
Embodiment 1
A kind of raw material of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material is formed and mass fraction is: 40 parts of Auricularia fungus slags, and 40 parts of corn cobs, 10 parts in wheat bran, 1.1 parts in lime, its water content is 65%.
Embodiment 2
A kind of raw material of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material is formed and mass fraction is: 60 parts of Lentinus Edodes fungus slags, and 30 parts of corn cobs, 15 parts in wheat bran, 0.9 part in lime, its water content is 67%.
Embodiment 3
A kind of raw material of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material is formed and mass fraction is: 50 parts of edible fungi residues, and 35 parts of corn cobs, 12 parts in wheat bran, 1.0 parts in lime, its water content is 66%.
The above only is preferred embodiment of the present invention, and all equalizations of being done according to the present patent application claim change and modify, and all should belong to covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. pleurotus eryngii cultivating material is characterized in that: the raw material of described culture material is formed and mass fraction is: bacterium slag 40-60 part, corn cob 30-40 part, wheat bran 10-15 part, lime 0.9-1.1 part.
2. a kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described bacterium cinder ladle is drawn together the Auricularia fungus slag.
3. a kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the water content of described culture material is 65-67%.
CN201110152379.4A 2011-06-08 2011-06-08 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium CN102276352B (en)

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CN102276352B CN102276352B (en) 2015-01-07

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103420720A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-12-04 浙江百兴食品有限公司 Base material formula for cultivation of pleurotus eryngii and using method
CN103497058A (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-01-08 上海市农业科学院 Pleurotus eryngii compost
CN103891525A (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-07-02 襄汾县侯临农业科技有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii waste bacteria stick recycling method and application thereof
CN104072300A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-10-01 运城市冰丰商贸有限公司 High-yield pleurotus cornucopiae culture material
CN104119118A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-10-29 东至林野生态种植中心 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium prepared from mushroom residue and preparation method thereof
CN104163705A (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-11-26 安庆市绿茵农业发展有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium with mushroom dregs as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN104311332A (en) * 2014-10-20 2015-01-28 合肥奕涵农牧科技有限公司 Culture medium for cultivating pleurotus eryngii by using mushroom dregs and preparation method of culture medium
CN104496698A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-08 成都榕珍菌业有限公司 Coprinus comatus culture medium containing pleurotus eryngii fungi residues and preparation method of coprinus comatus culture medium
CN107011035A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-08-04 贵州穗农农业科技有限公司 Give up Lenlinus edodes base of base-material and preparation method thereof containing mushroom
CN107324868A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-11-07 十堰市农业科学院 One kind utilizes pleurotus eryngii bacteria residue production pleurotus eryngii cultivating material and preparation method
CN108990708A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-12-14 十堰市农业科学院 It is given up the compost and preparation method of bacteria residue factory culture Pleurotus eryngii using mushroom

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CN101456772A (en) * 2008-12-16 2009-06-17 许忠 Culture medium of pleurotus eryngii and preparation thereof
CN101874452A (en) * 2009-11-20 2010-11-03 唐东升 Method for cultivating pleurotus eryngii
CN101889522A (en) * 2010-07-28 2010-11-24 四川农业大学 Method for planting pleurotus ostreatus by using shitake mushroom dregs
CN101940127A (en) * 2010-08-04 2011-01-12 李文生 Production method for planting agaricus bisporus by using mushroom residues of pleurotus eryngii

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CN101456772A (en) * 2008-12-16 2009-06-17 许忠 Culture medium of pleurotus eryngii and preparation thereof
CN101874452A (en) * 2009-11-20 2010-11-03 唐东升 Method for cultivating pleurotus eryngii
CN101889522A (en) * 2010-07-28 2010-11-24 四川农业大学 Method for planting pleurotus ostreatus by using shitake mushroom dregs
CN101940127A (en) * 2010-08-04 2011-01-12 李文生 Production method for planting agaricus bisporus by using mushroom residues of pleurotus eryngii

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闫宝松等: "黑木耳废菌渣栽培香菇技术", 《中国林副特产》, no. 5, 31 October 2005 (2005-10-31), pages 43 *

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103420720A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-12-04 浙江百兴食品有限公司 Base material formula for cultivation of pleurotus eryngii and using method
CN103497058A (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-01-08 上海市农业科学院 Pleurotus eryngii compost
CN103891525A (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-07-02 襄汾县侯临农业科技有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii waste bacteria stick recycling method and application thereof
CN104119118A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-10-29 东至林野生态种植中心 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium prepared from mushroom residue and preparation method thereof
CN104072300A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-10-01 运城市冰丰商贸有限公司 High-yield pleurotus cornucopiae culture material
CN104163705A (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-11-26 安庆市绿茵农业发展有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium with mushroom dregs as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN104311332A (en) * 2014-10-20 2015-01-28 合肥奕涵农牧科技有限公司 Culture medium for cultivating pleurotus eryngii by using mushroom dregs and preparation method of culture medium
CN104496698A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-08 成都榕珍菌业有限公司 Coprinus comatus culture medium containing pleurotus eryngii fungi residues and preparation method of coprinus comatus culture medium
CN107011035A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-08-04 贵州穗农农业科技有限公司 Give up Lenlinus edodes base of base-material and preparation method thereof containing mushroom
CN107324868A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-11-07 十堰市农业科学院 One kind utilizes pleurotus eryngii bacteria residue production pleurotus eryngii cultivating material and preparation method
CN108990708A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-12-14 十堰市农业科学院 It is given up the compost and preparation method of bacteria residue factory culture Pleurotus eryngii using mushroom

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