CN102268912A - Artificial sand rock plate product and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Artificial sand rock plate product and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN102268912A
CN102268912A CN201010193265XA CN201010193265A CN102268912A CN 102268912 A CN102268912 A CN 102268912A CN 201010193265X A CN201010193265X A CN 201010193265XA CN 201010193265 A CN201010193265 A CN 201010193265A CN 102268912 A CN102268912 A CN 102268912A
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parts
product
surface layer
sand
preparation
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CN102268912B (en
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陈蔚航
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陈蔚航
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Abstract

The invention discloses an artificial sand rock plate product and a preparation method thereof and relates to a sand rock plate product and a preparation method thereof. The artificial sand rock plate product consists of a surface layer and a structural layer which are connected together. The preparation method of the sand rock plate product comprises the following steps of: preparing the surface layer and the structural layer according to the weight part ratio; curing the surface layer and the structural layer under the conditions of the temperature of 20 to 25 DEG C and the humidity of 70 to 80 percent; polishing; maintaining by microwaves; demolding; maintaining; performing surface treatment; and performing surface water prevention. The product has the advantages of hardness and durability of natural stones, keeps the naturalness of real sand rock in the aspects of color and texture and has a color and a diversified and plastic style which are much better than the color and the style of the real sand rock; furthermore, the sound isolation property, the heat insulation performance, the waterproof property, the antiskid property, the weather resistance, the fire resistance and the like of the product are much better. By the preparation method, the product can be molded quickly, the use period of a die is shortened and the production efficiency is improved; moreover, the prepared inorganic sand rock has a richer effect and higher plasticity.

Description

Goods of a kind of artificial sandstone plate and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of goods and preparation method thereof of artificial sandstone plate.
Background technology
The natural sand rock beam that relates in the prior art has following shortcoming: 1, natural sand rock beam color and luster, texture too rely on natural mineral resources, cause color and luster single, moulding is simple, and it is bigger to manufacture the cost input, needs main equipments such as exploitation, cutting, polishing, engraving, and product is heavier, the cost that increases transportation and install, Partial Physical Property is relatively poor in addition, as flexural strength, when product is thin, fracture easily; 2, organic material uses as cementitious material, the ultraviolet light weak effect can occur, and time one long products is variable color easily just, and weatherability is poor, the life-span is short; 3, inorganic material is used as cementitious material, and the production cycle is long, production efficiency is low, need just to finish depanning in about 24 hours, and sandrock effect not significantly, have a problem such as surperficial drop.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention aims to provide a kind of artificial sandstone plate preparation method that can the rapid shaping demoulding, not only can enhance productivity, solution can't be made moulding complexity, the different sandstone plate of chromaticness, and the natural sand rock beam is manufactured the problem of the natural mineral resources of undue dependence, easy to change, weatherability is poor, the life-span the is short technical barrier of artificial organic sandstone plate have also been solved, when reducing infusion of financial resources, also shorten the production molding cycle, avoided phenomenons such as the consumption worker is consuming time.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above is: a kind of goods of artificial sandstone plate, constitute by surface layer that links together and deck, the component of described surface layer and content (parts by weight) are 100 parts of 42.5 grades of fast hard low-alkalinity sulphoaluminate cements, 3 parts of polyvinyl acetate rubber powders, 5 parts of emulsion acrylic, 70~90 parts in water, color sand stirs pulping for 250 parts, is sprayed on described die surface, sprays twice, 3~5min guarantees surface layer gross thickness 4~5mm at interval; The component of described deck and content (parts by weight) are 100 parts of 42.5 grades of fast hard low-alkalinity sulphoaluminate cements, 6 parts of alkaline-resisting rovings, 5 parts of emulsion acrylic, 100~120 parts in river sand, water stirs pulping for 50~60 parts, is sprayed on the described surface layer, and uses the compression roll compacting, second time structure material of spraying after the grid cloth of shop, the compression roll compacting of spray back; 20~25 ℃ of temperature, solidify under the condition of humidity 70~80%, get artificial sandstone slab products after microwave curing, demoulding, the surfacing.
The preparation method of artificial sandstone slab products of the present invention is made by following step:
One, mould is prepared: at first silica gel mould is cleaned out, the soft mode pad is docile, release agent spraying then, and wipe unnecessary release agent with clean rag.
Two, prepare surface layer by ratio of weight and the number of copies, step 1: the component of described surface layer and content (parts by weight) are 100 parts of 42.5 grades of fast hard low-alkalinity sulphoaluminate cements, 3 parts of polyvinyl acetate rubber powders, 5 parts of emulsion acrylic, 70~90 parts in water, 250 parts in color sand; Step 2: pour 2/3 water into mould, polyvinyl acetate rubber powder, emulsion acrylic are added stir again; Step 3: the fast hard low-alkalinity sulphoaluminate cement of color sand and 2/3 is added mould stirred 30 seconds, remaining water and cement are added, stirred 3~5 minutes; Step 4: adopt the special-purpose surface layer rifle of GRC to spray, surface layer is divided into secondary injection, sprays muzzle and mould angle at 45,40~60 centimetres of vertical distances, the compound that step 3 is made is ejected in the mould equably, sprays twice, 3~5min guarantees gross thickness 4~5mm at interval.
Three, prepare deck by ratio of weight and the number of copies, step 1: the component of described deck and content (parts by weight) are 100 parts of 42.5 grades of fast hard low-alkalinity sulphoaluminate cements, 6 parts of alkaline-resisting rovings, 5 parts of emulsion acrylic, 100~120 parts in river sand, 50~60 parts in water; Step 2: emulsion acrylic is added in the entry mix earlier, again mixed liquor is injected agitator; Step 3: stirring in the mixed liquor of river sand, cement, chopped strand adding step 2, mixing time must not be above 3 minutes; All compounds stir the back and used up in 10 minutes, forbid secondary to add water; Step 4: the structure material sprays, treat that surface layer has certain intensity after, with GRC special-purpose ejecting equipment screw rod car, spray first pass structure material spray the back and has spread grid cloth earlier, sprays the structure material again second time, every time structure material compression roll compacting.
Four, receive light, make product thickness mold side mouth unanimity; When receiving the light end product is marked numbering.
Five, microwave curing: product is put the microwave machine transport tape successively, by microwave curing, make cement mortar under the effect of microwave, aquation forms hydrate rapidly, improves early strength.
Six, the demoulding: microwave curing finished to carry out after 20~30 minutes the demoulding again to be handled, and the product broadside is vertically placed after the demoulding, and on the limit mouth of band outseam was super, per two back sides were adjacent to.
Seven, maintenance: maintenance in the maintenance room behind the product stripping, the maintenance room keeps constant temperature and humidity, and 25 ℃ of maintenance environment, maintenance is 3 days under the condition of humidity about 85~95%.
Eight, surfacing: pickling or surface sand-blasting.
Nine, surface waterproofing: adopt the hydrophober sprayed product 2 times, every all over 3~5 minutes at interval.
Production environment among the present invention is controlled at 20~25 ℃ of temperature, humidity 70~80%.
Preparation method of the present invention is with scientific and rational prescription, and through molding procedure such as stirrings, injection, microwave curing, the product after the demoulding finally forms the artificial inorganic sandstone plate of every performance indications excellence again by pickling or sandblast, waterproofing work.But its products obtained therefrom rapid shaping, shorten the mould life cycle, enhance productivity greatly, the inorganic sandrock effect of making is abundanter, plasticity is stronger.
Goods of the present invention are perfect adaptations of natural inorganic material and advanced technology, have brought up the superfine product in the manufactured sand rock beam.The product that the present invention makes not only has durable, the strong firmly texture of natural stone material, sandstone as weathering, in texture, the nature that has all kept true sandstone on color and luster and the texture, the variation, the plasticity that have simultaneously incomparable color of true sandstone and style again, its sound insulation in addition, heat insulation, waterproof, anti-skidding, weatherability, heat insulation fire retardant, performance such as radiationless and pollution-free are excellent more, thereby all can show unique charm fully in indoor or outdoor decoration.The more important thing is, when guaranteeing properties of product, can guarantee simultaneously to produce this production efficiency of products promotes significantly, promote more than the several times than traditional artificial sandstone board production technology, can guarantee that tame middle-size and small-size scale enterprise artificial inorganic sandstone plate annual production reaches 50~1,000,000 square meters, make that it lowly drops into, high yield.
The specific embodiment
The specific embodiment one: a kind of goods of artificial sandstone plate, constitute by surface layer that bonds together and deck, the component of described surface layer and content (parts by weight) are 100 parts of 42.5 grades of fast hard low-alkalinity sulphoaluminate cements, 3 parts of polyvinyl acetate rubber powders, 5 parts of emulsion acrylic, 70~90 parts in water, color sand stirs pulping for 250 parts, is sprayed on described die surface, sprays twice, 3~5min guarantees surface layer gross thickness 4~5mm at interval; The component of described deck and content (parts by weight) are 100 parts of 42.5 grades of fast hard low-alkalinity sulphoaluminate cements, 6 parts of alkaline-resisting rovings, 5 parts of emulsion acrylic, 100~120 parts in river sand, water stirs pulping for 50~60 parts, is sprayed on the described surface layer, and uses the compression roll compacting, second time structure material of spraying after the grid cloth of shop, the compression roll compacting of spray back; 20~25 ℃ of temperature, solidify under the condition of humidity 70~80%, get artificial sandstone slab products after microwave curing, demoulding, the surfacing.
The specific embodiment two: the difference of the present embodiment and the specific embodiment one is that described color sand crosses 60~80 orders, and wherein liver is red accounts for 80%, and Taihang is red to account for 20%.Other is identical with the specific embodiment one.
The specific embodiment three: present embodiment and the specific embodiment one or twos' difference is that described color sand Taihang is red and accounts for 80% that purple seven account for 20%.Other is identical with the specific embodiment one or two.
The specific embodiment four: present embodiment and the specific embodiment one or twos' difference is that described color sand liver is red and accounts for 50% that purple seven account for 50%.Other is identical with the specific embodiment one or two.
The specific embodiment five: present embodiment and the specific embodiment one or twos' difference is that described color sand liver is red and accounts for 20% that purple seven account for 80%.Other is identical with the specific embodiment one or two.
The specific embodiment six: the difference of the present embodiment and the specific embodiment five is that described river sand crosses 20~40 orders.Other is identical with the specific embodiment five.
The specific embodiment seven: a kind of preparation method of artificial sandstone slab products is made by following step:
One, mould is prepared: at first silica gel mould is cleaned out, the soft mode pad is docile, and must not be out of shape, twist; Secondly release agent spraying, and wipe unnecessary release agent with clean rag, oil must not be amassed in the groove position of corner and mould.
Two, prepare surface layer by ratio of weight and the number of copies, step 1: the component of described surface layer and content (parts by weight) are 100 parts of 42.5 grades of fast hard low-alkalinity sulphoaluminate cements, 3 parts of polyvinyl acetate rubber powders, 5 parts of emulsion acrylic, 250 parts in 70~90 parts in water and color sand; Step 2: pour 2/3 water into mould, polyvinyl acetate rubber powder, emulsion acrylic are added stir again; Step 3: the fast hard low-alkalinity sulphoaluminate cement of color sand and 2/3 is added mould stirred 30 seconds, remaining water and cement are added, stirred 3~5 minutes; Step 4: adopt the special-purpose surface layer rifle of GRC to spray, surface layer is divided into secondary injection, spray muzzle and mould angle at 45,40~60 centimetres of vertical distances, the compound that step 3 is made is ejected into (brush one time with hairbrush the spray back, notices that edge will brush the position) in the mould equably, sprays twice, 3~5min guarantees gross thickness 4~5mm at interval.
Three, prepare deck, step 1 by ratio of weight and the number of copies; The component of described deck and content (parts by weight) are 100 parts of 42.5 grades of fast hard low-alkalinity sulphoaluminate cements, 6 parts of alkaline-resisting rovings, 5 parts of emulsion acrylic, 100~120 parts in river sand, 50~60 parts in water; Step 2: emulsion acrylic is added in the entry mix earlier, again mixed liquor is injected agitator; Step 3: stirring in the mixed liquor of river sand, cement, chopped strand adding step 2, mixing time must not be above 3 minutes; All compounds stir the back and used up in 10 minutes, forbid secondary to add water; Step 4: the structure material sprays, after treating that surface layer has certain intensity (during touch capstock just be not stained with hand be advisable), with GRC special-purpose ejecting equipment screw rod car, spray first pass structure material earlier, having sprayed shop, back grid cloth (notes docile, in order to avoid layering occurs), spray the structure material again second time, every all over the compression roll compacting of structure material.
Four, receive light, make product thickness mold side mouth unanimity; When receiving the light end product is marked numbering.
Five, microwave curing: earlier microwave machine transport tape speed is transferred to 150~200 (r/min), 3 microwave powers are selected 6KW, then product are put conveyer belt successively, by microwave curing, make cement mortar under the effect of microwave, rapidly aquation, form hydrate, improve early strength.Product is through microwave curing, and all kinds of performance indications promote comprehensively, and the most significant effect is exactly that demould time with the several hrs under other similar process conditions even tens hours shortened in 30 minutes.This craft method has reduced manufacturing the cycle of sandstone plate widely, has improved production efficiency, has promoted every performance of artificial inorganic sandstone plate simultaneously, and every physical mechanics strength enhancing is more than 20%.
Six, the demoulding: microwave curing finished to carry out after 20~30 minutes the demoulding again to be handled, and the product broadside is vertically placed after the demoulding, and on the limit mouth of band outseam was super, per two back sides were adjacent to.
Seven, maintenance: maintenance in the maintenance room behind the product stripping, the maintenance room keeps constant temperature and humidity, and 25 ℃ of maintenance environment, maintenance is 3 days under the condition of humidity about 85~95%.Forbid product is placed under the sun and be exposed to the sun, should deposit in indoor or shady and cool place.
Eight, surfacing: pickling.Dilution process is sour entry, concentrated hydrochloric acid is diluted to 15%~35% concentration of hydrochloric acid after, with hairbrush acid is brushed product surface uniformly, wait to corrode after 3 minutes with the clear water flushing, repeatedly 2-3 all over after with product drying.
Nine, surface waterproofing: adopt the hydrophober sprayed product 2 times, every all over 3~5 minutes at interval.Must under the product surface dry situation, carry out during the spray water-repellent layer, in order to avoid influence the hydrophobic effect.Can be significantly improved through performances such as the product antipollution after the waterproofing work, impermeability, weatherabilities.
Production environment among the present invention is controlled at 20~25 ℃ of temperature, humidity 70~80%.
Sandrock effect texture through overpickling during this enforcement side executes is stronger, has the different proportion of fine sand and coarse sand and the light and heavy degree of pickling can show fine and smooth or rough sandrock effect.
The specific embodiment eight: the difference of the present embodiment and the specific embodiment seven is the surfacing employing surface sand-blasting in the step 8.With 10~20 purpose pomegranate sand, the product surface of spending 3 day curing time is carried out blasting treatment, after the pomegranate sand that sprayed is recyclable, carry out sandblast again, after the repeated multiple times, eliminate when undesirable when pomegranate sand grains footpath is too small.Other is identical with the specific embodiment seven.
The effect difference of pickling and sandblast is embodied in: it is more natural, more outstanding that sand is revealed in blasting treatment, and through blasting treatment, surperficial sandrock effect performance is milder, softer.
The specific embodiment nine: the present embodiment and the specific embodiment and the specific embodiment seven or eights' difference is that the hydrophober in the step 9 is ten thousand can be coated with hydrophober, and the ratio that hydrophober is converted water is 1: 5.Other is identical with the specific embodiment seven or eight.
Above embodiment is only for the usefulness that the present invention is described; but not limitation of the present invention; those skilled in the art; under situation without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention; the technical scheme of making various equivalents or variation belongs to protection category of the present invention, by every claim restriction.

Claims (10)

1. the goods of an artificial sandstone plate, constitute by surface layer that links together and deck, the component and the content (parts by weight) that it is characterized in that described surface layer are 100 parts of 42.5 grades of fast hard low-alkalinity sulphoaluminate cements, 3 parts of polyvinyl acetate rubber powders, 5 parts of emulsion acrylic, 70~90 parts in water, color sand stirs pulping for 250 parts, is sprayed on described die surface, sprays twice, 3~5min guarantees surface layer gross thickness 4~5mm at interval; The component of described deck and content (parts by weight) are 100 parts of 42.5 grades of fast hard low-alkalinity sulphoaluminate cements, 6 parts of alkaline-resisting rovings, 5 parts of emulsion acrylic, 100~120 parts in river sand, water stirs pulping for 50~60 parts, is sprayed on the described surface layer, and uses the compression roll compacting, second time structure material of spraying after the grid cloth of shop, the compression roll compacting of spray back; 20~25 ℃ of temperature, solidify under the condition of humidity 70~80%, get artificial sandstone slab products after microwave curing, demoulding, the surfacing.
2. the goods of a kind of artificial sandstone plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that described color sand crosses 60~80 orders, and wherein liver is red accounts for 80%, and Taihang is red to account for 20%.
3. the goods of a kind of artificial sandstone plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that described color sand Taihang is red to account for 80% that purple seven account for 20%.
4. the goods of a kind of artificial sandstone plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that described color sand liver is red to account for 50% that purple seven account for 50%.
5. the goods of a kind of artificial sandstone plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that described color sand liver is red to account for 20% that purple seven account for 80%.
6. the goods of a kind of artificial sandstone plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that described river sand crosses 20~40 orders.
7. according to the preparation method of claim 1,2,3,4,5 or 6 described a kind of artificial sandstone slab products, it is characterized in that making by following step:
One, mould is prepared: at first silica gel mould is cleaned out, the soft mode pad is docile, release agent spraying then, and wipe unnecessary release agent with clean rag;
Two, prepare surface layer by ratio of weight and the number of copies, step 1: the component of described surface layer and content (parts by weight) are 100 parts of 42.5 grades of fast hard low-alkalinity sulphoaluminate cements, 3 parts of polyvinyl acetate rubber powders, 5 parts of emulsion acrylic, 70~90 parts in water, 250 parts in color sand; Step 2: pour 2/3 water into mould, polyvinyl acetate rubber powder, emulsion acrylic are added stir again; Step 3: the fast hard low-alkalinity sulphoaluminate cement of color sand and 2/3 is added mould stirred 30 seconds, remaining water and cement are added, stirred 3~5 minutes; Step 4: adopt the special-purpose surface layer rifle of GRC to spray, surface layer is divided into secondary injection, sprays muzzle and mould angle at 45,40~60 centimetres of vertical distances, the compound that step 3 is made is ejected in the mould equably, sprays twice, 3~5min guarantees gross thickness 4~5mm at interval;
Three, prepare deck by ratio of weight and the number of copies, step 1: the component of described deck and content (parts by weight) are 100 parts of 42.5 grades of fast hard low-alkalinity sulphoaluminate cements, 6 parts of alkaline-resisting rovings, 5 parts of emulsion acrylic, 100~120 parts in river sand, 50~60 parts in water; Step 2: emulsion acrylic is added in the entry mix earlier, again mixed liquor is injected agitator; Step 3: stirring in the mixed liquor of river sand, cement, chopped strand adding step 2, mixing time must not be above 3 minutes; All compounds stir the back and used up in 10 minutes, forbid secondary to add water; Step 4: the structure material sprays, treat that surface layer has certain intensity after, with GRC special-purpose ejecting equipment screw rod car, spray first pass structure material spray the back and has spread grid cloth earlier, sprays the structure material again second time, every time structure material compression roll compacting;
Four, receive light, make product thickness mold side mouth unanimity; When receiving the light end product is marked numbering;
Five, microwave curing: product is put the microwave machine transport tape successively, by microwave curing, make cement mortar under the effect of microwave, aquation forms hydrate rapidly, improves early strength;
Six, the demoulding: microwave curing finished to carry out after 20~30 minutes the demoulding again to be handled, and the product broadside is vertically placed after the demoulding, and on the limit mouth of band outseam was super, per two back sides were adjacent to;
Seven, maintenance: maintenance in the maintenance room behind the product stripping, the maintenance room keeps constant temperature and humidity, and 25 ℃ of maintenance environment, maintenance is 3 days under the condition of humidity about 85~95%;
Eight, surfacing: pickling;
Nine, surface waterproofing: adopt the hydrophober sprayed product 2 times, every all over 3~5 minutes at interval.
8. the preparation method of a kind of artificial sandstone slab products according to claim 7, the dilution process that it is characterized in that surfacing pickling in the above-mentioned steps eight is sour entry, after concentrated hydrochloric acid is diluted to 15%~35% concentration of hydrochloric acid, with hairbrush acid is brushed product surface uniformly, wait to corrode after 3 minutes with the clear water flushing, repeatedly 2-3 all over after with product drying.
9. the preparation method of a kind of artificial sandstone slab products according to claim 7 is characterized in that the surfacing in the above-mentioned steps eight is handled with 10~20 purpose pomegranate sand blasting sand.
10. according to Claim 8 or the preparation method of 9 described a kind of artificial sandstone slab products, it is characterized in that production environment is controlled at 20~25 ℃ of temperature, humidity 70~80%.
CN201010193265XA 2010-06-07 2010-06-07 Artificial sand rock plate product and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN102268912B (en)

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CN103819129A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-05-28 北京仁创生态环保科技有限公司 Weather-resistant silica sand hanging plate and preparation method thereof
CN104446243A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-03-25 上海古猿人石材有限公司 Cement-based imitation sandstone product and production method thereof as well as jig for production method
CN104961437A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-10-07 佛山市绿岛环保科技有限公司 Sandstone plate and process for manufacturing same
CN104987126A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-21 中国科学院电子学研究所 Method for curing artificial stone through microwave heating
CN105128132A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-12-09 捷雅石建材工业(苏州)有限公司 Manufacturing method for novel glass fiber reinforced cement external wall plate
CN105569305A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-05-11 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Handmade sandstone plate and preparation method therefor
CN106380123A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-08 卓达新材料科技集团威海股份有限公司 Novel sandstone sandblasted plate and preparation method thereof
CN106495602A (en) * 2016-10-11 2017-03-15 哈尔滨工业大学 The method that surface hydrophobicity cement stone material is prepared using dewatering silica gel material
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