CN102267051B - Automatic assembling platform for external ball joint assembly of automobile pull rod - Google Patents

Automatic assembling platform for external ball joint assembly of automobile pull rod Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102267051B
CN102267051B CN 201110200741 CN201110200741A CN102267051B CN 102267051 B CN102267051 B CN 102267051B CN 201110200741 CN201110200741 CN 201110200741 CN 201110200741 A CN201110200741 A CN 201110200741A CN 102267051 B CN102267051 B CN 102267051B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
press
ball pin
plate
ball
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CN 201110200741
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102267051A (en
Inventor
梁圣文
刘亚雄
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湖北唯思凌科装备制造有限公司
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Priority to CN 201110200741 priority Critical patent/CN102267051B/en
Publication of CN102267051A publication Critical patent/CN102267051A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102267051B publication Critical patent/CN102267051B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic assembling platform, in particular to an automatic assembling platform for an external ball joint assembly of an automobile pull rod. The automatic assembling platform for the external ball joint assembly of the automobile pull rod comprises an index plate, an electric control cabinet, a follower fixture, a ball pin press-in device, a cover plate loading detecting device, a cover plate spin rivet pressing device, a ball pin swinging torque detecting device, a dustproof cover press-mounting device and the like, wherein the index plate is mounted on a frame mesa; and the ball pin press-in device, the cover plate loading detecting device, the cover plate spin rivet pressing device, the ball pin swinging torque detecting device and the dustproof cover press-mounting device, which are respectively connected with the electric control cabinet by leads, are uniformly distributed on the frame mesa on the periphery of the index plate in an annular way. The assembling beat of the ball joint assembly can reach 25 seconds per piece while the automatic assembling platform is in working; the yield is increased by the torque detecting device; and problems of higher rejection rate, serious influence on enterprise benefits and incapability of satisfying requirements on the industrial production of the automobile ball joint in a traditional assembling method are solved. The automatic assembling platform for the external ball joint assembly of the automobile pull rod, provided by the invention, is especially suitable for enterprises to use during assembling the external ball joint assembly of the automobile pull rod in an industrialized way.

Description

A kind of automatic assembling for the outer ball-joint assembly of automobile pull rod

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of automatic assembling, be specifically related to a kind of automatic assembling for the outer ball-joint assembly of automobile pull rod.

Background technology

The outer ball-joint of automobile forms by parts such as ball pin, ball pin seat, bulb, dust covers.Outside in the manufacturing process of ball-joint, each parts all is to adopt the mode of manual assembly to finish, or with the form of separate unit work station, needs 3-4 people's flowing water operations to finish the assembling of links.Owing to limit by condition, the assembling of manual assembly or separate unit work station form is so that ball-joint product percent defective is higher, have a strong impact on the benefit of enterprise and the traffic safety in later stage, simultaneously, the assembly work efficient of manual assembly or separate unit work station form is on the low side, can not satisfy in batches requirement of modern industry.

Summary of the invention

The object of the invention is to: a kind of working stability, efficiency of assembling height are provided, to solve the assembling of existing manual assembly or separate unit work station form, so that outer ball-joint product percent defective is higher, efficient is low, have a strong impact on the benefit of enterprise and the traffic safety in later stage, can not satisfy the automatic assembling that is used for the outer ball-joint assembly of automobile pull rod of the outer ball-joint batch production requirements problem of automobile.

The present invention realizes above-mentioned purpose by following technical solution:

A kind of automatic assembling for the outer ball-joint assembly of automobile pull rod, it is by frame, index dial, electrical control cubicles, pallet, the ball pin press-in device, cover plate material loading checkout gear, cover plate revolves riveting and tightly installs, ball pin swing torque checkout gear and dust cover press-loading apparatus consist of, it is characterized in that: by ring-shaped guide rail and direct driving motor index dial is installed on the table top of frame, the index dial surface is evenly distributed in pallet, annular is evenly equipped with the ball pin press-in device on the rack table of index dial periphery, cover plate material loading checkout gear, cover plate revolves riveting and tightly installs, ball pin swing torque checkout gear and dust cover press-loading apparatus, cover plate revolves on the rack table that riveting tightly installs both sides and is provided with electrical control cubicles, electrical control cubicles by wire respectively with direct driving motor, the ball pin press-in device, cover plate material loading checkout gear, cover plate revolves riveting and tightly installs, ball pin swing torque checkout gear is connected with the dust cover press-loading apparatus, be provided with jacking cylinder A on the frame of described ball pin press-in device below correspondence, jacking cylinder A is connected with electrical control cubicles by wire.

Described pallet is made of pedestal, workpiece support and workpiece baffle plate, and workpiece support is mounted by means of bolts on the pedestal, and the workpiece baffle plate is mounted by means of bolts on pedestal upper end one side, is provided with centre bore on pedestal and the workpiece support.

Described ball pin press-in device is by pedestal base, ball pin is pressed into cylinder, slide plate A, slide rail A and briquetting consist of, pedestal base is " 7 " font, the pedestal base top is equipped with ball pin and is pressed into cylinder, the side that ball pin is pressed into cylinder is equipped with displacement transducer by mounting bracket, displacement transducer one side is movably set with the biography bar, the pedestal base inboard that ball pin is pressed into the cylinder below is fixed with slide rail A, briquetting is movably arranged on the slide rail A by slide plate A, the briquetting bottom is provided with pressure head, the briquetting inside of pressure head top is provided with gravity sensor, described biography bar bottom is connected with briquetting by the bell-shaped percussion instrument, used in ancient time by troops on march fishplate bar, and the top of described briquetting is connected by the push rod that bell-shaped percussion instrument, used in ancient time by troops on march female connector and ball pin are pressed into cylinder.

Described cover plate material loading checkout gear is made of the charging tray that shakes, slideway, feedboard, pusher cylinder and charging cylinder, the side of charging tray of shaking is equipped with feedboard by support A, one end of feedboard is equipped with the pusher cylinder, the other end of feedboard is equipped with the charging cylinder, feedboard top between charging cylinder and the pusher cylinder is equipped with at bit detector, and the described charging tray that shakes is connected with feedboard by slideway.

Described cover plate revolves riveting and tightly installs by mounting base B, servomotor A, servo motor B, clamping cylinder, holder, main shaft, revolve die, slide plate D, drive lead screw, the feed screw nut, holder A, depression bar consists of, baffle plate one side of mounting base B is up and down by installing plate A and installing plate B, and shape is equipped with servomotor A and servo motor B, the mounting base B of servomotor A one side is upper to be equipped with clamping cylinder by installing rack, the clamping cylinder below is provided with the arbor wheel seat by mounting base B, be provided with main shaft wheel in the arbor wheel seat, main shaft wheel is connected with servomotor A by driving belt A, the opposite side of the baffle plate of the mounting base B of main shaft wheel below is fixed with holder A, by bearing drive lead screw is installed in the holder A, drive A is equipped with in the termination of drive lead screw, and drive A is connected with servo motor B by driving belt B; The feed screw nut is housed on the drive lead screw, be provided with slide rail D on the holder A of drive lead screw both sides, holder is movably arranged on the slide rail D by slide plate D, slide plate D is connected with the feed screw nut by contiguous block, and main shaft is installed in the holder, and the main shaft upper end extends in the arbor wheel seat and with the main shaft wheel key and is connected, termination, main shaft lower end is equipped with revolves die, the center of main shaft is provided with central through hole, and depression bar is housed in the through hole, and the depression bar top is connected with clamping cylinder by adapter sleeve A.

Described ball pin swing torque checkout gear is made of mounting base, slide plate B, slide rail B, propulsion cylinder, servomotor, jaw cylinder, be symmetrically arranged with slide rail B on the mounting base, slide plate B is movably arranged on the mounting base by slide rail B, be fixed with propulsion cylinder on the mounting base between the slide rail B, propulsion cylinder is connected with slide plate B, and slide plate B surface is provided with column, and column one side is provided with mounting blocks, servomotor is equipped with in the column upper end, and drive is equipped with on the output shaft top of servomotor; Power transmission shaft is equipped with by column and mounting blocks in the servomotor below, the jaw cylinder is equipped with by cylinder frame in the power transmission shaft top, jaw cylinder termination is provided with jaw, on the power transmission shaft of described cylinder frame one side drive pulley is housed, drive pulley is connected with drive by driving-belt, on the power transmission shaft between column and the mounting blocks torque detector is housed.

Described dust cover press-loading apparatus is by base plate, mounting base A, press-fit cylinder, workseat, turn to cylinder, the chuck cylinder, chuck, slide rail C, slide plate C, mount pad, press-loading head consists of, mounting base A is packed on the base plate, the top of mounting base A is fixed with and press-fits cylinder, the mounting base A inboard that press-fits the cylinder below is fixed with slide rail C, mount pad is movably arranged on the slide rail C by slide plate C, the mount pad top is connected with the push rod that press-fits cylinder by adapter sleeve, press-loading head is equipped with in the mount pad bottom, be provided with workseat on the base plate of press-loading head below correspondence, described mount pad one side is provided with and turns to cylinder, turn to cylinder to be fixedly mounted on the mounting base A by installing plate, turn to cylinder bottom that the chuck cylinder is housed, chuck is equipped with in the termination of chuck cylinder.

[0011]Beneficial effect of the present invention is:

The automatic assembling that should be used for the outer ball-joint assembly of automobile pull rod is novel in design, working stability is reliable, 6 cover pallets are arranged on the index dial by position of halving, annular is provided with the ball pin press-in device on the rack table of index dial periphery, cover plate material loading checkout gear, cover plate revolves riveting and tightly installs, ball pin swing torque checkout gear and dust cover press-loading apparatus, during assembling, transmission by index dial, make the assembling beat of the outer ball-joint assembly of pull bar can reach 15 seconds/part, only need one man operation to get final product, and by ball pin swing torque checkout gear product is detected one by one, in case find that moment of torsion is excessive or too small, control system is revolved riveting with automatic feedback to cover plate and is tightly installed station, automatically regulate and revolve the riveting amount, to satisfy the qualified requirement of moment of torsion.Avoided the assembling of existing manual assembly or separate unit work station form, so that ball-joint product percent defective is higher, have a strong impact on the benefit of enterprise and the traffic safety in later stage, and the assembly work efficient of manual assembly or separate unit work station form is on the low side, can not satisfy the problem of automobile ball-joint industrialization production requirements.In addition, the ball pin press-in device station station of this automatic assembling is provided with special support unit jacking cylinder to offset the pressure assembling force of ball pin press-in device station, plays the effect that the protection automatic assembling is not damaged.

Description of drawings:

Fig. 1 is for being used for the main TV structure schematic diagram of the automatic assembling of ball-joint assembly outside the automobile pull rod;

Fig. 2 is for being used for the side-looking structural representation of the automatic assembling of ball-joint assembly outside the automobile pull rod;

Fig. 3 is for being used for the plan structure schematic diagram of the automatic assembling of ball-joint assembly outside the automobile pull rod;

Fig. 4 is for being used for the cross section structure schematic diagram of the automatic assembling index dial of ball-joint assembly outside the automobile pull rod;

Fig. 5 is for being used for the structural representation of the automatic assembling pallet of ball-joint assembly outside the automobile pull rod;

Fig. 6 is for being used for the perspective view of the automatic assembling ball pin press-in device of ball-joint assembly outside the automobile pull rod;

Fig. 7 is for being used for the side-looking structural representation of the automatic assembling ball pin press-in device of ball-joint assembly outside the automobile pull rod;

Fig. 8 is for being used for the plan structure schematic diagram of the automatic assembling cover plate material loading checkout gear of ball-joint assembly outside the automobile pull rod;

Fig. 9 is for being used for the side-looking structural representation of the automatic assembling cover plate material loading checkout gear of ball-joint assembly outside the automobile pull rod;

Figure 10 is the side-looking structural representation of the feedboard of cover plate material loading checkout gear;

The perspective view that Figure 11 revolves the tight device of riveting for the automatic assembling cover plate that is used for the outer ball-joint assembly of automobile pull rod;

Figure 12 revolves the side-looking structural representation of the tight device of riveting for the automatic assembling cover plate that is used for the outer ball-joint assembly of automobile pull rod;

Figure 13 is for being used for the perspective view of the automatic assembling ball pin swing torque checkout gear of ball-joint assembly outside the automobile pull rod;

Figure 14 is for being used for the perspective view of the automatic assembling dust cover press-loading apparatus of ball-joint assembly outside the automobile pull rod;

Figure 15 is for being used for the side-looking structural representation of the automatic assembling cover board pressing device of ball-joint assembly outside the automobile pull rod.

Among the figure: 1, frame, 2, index dial, 3, electrical control cubicles, 4, pallet, 5, the ball pin press-in device, 6, cover plate material loading checkout gear, 7, cover plate revolves riveting and tightly installs, and 8, ball pin swing torque checkout gear, 9, the dust cover press-loading apparatus, 10, ring-shaped guide rail, 11, direct driving motor, 12, pedestal, 13, workpiece support, 14, the workpiece baffle plate, 15, pedestal base, 16, ball pin is pressed into cylinder, and 17, slide plate A, 18, slide rail A, 19, briquetting, 20, mounting bracket, 21, displacement transducer, 22, pressure head, 23, gravity sensor, 24, pass bar, 25, the bell-shaped percussion instrument, used in ancient time by troops on march fishplate bar, 26, the bell-shaped percussion instrument, used in ancient time by troops on march female connector, 27, charging tray shakes, 28, slideway, 29, feedboard, 30, the pusher cylinder, 31, the charging cylinder, 32, support A, 33, at bit detector, 34, mounting base, 35, slide plate B, 36, slide rail B, 37, propulsion cylinder, 38, servomotor, 39, the jaw cylinder, 40, column, 41, mounting blocks, 42, drive, 43, cylinder frame, 44, jaw, 45, drive pulley, 46, driving-belt, 47, mounting base A, 48, press-fit cylinder, 49, workseat, 50, turn to cylinder, 51, the chuck cylinder, 52, chuck, 53, slide rail C, 54, slide plate C, 55, mount pad, 56, press-loading head, 57, adapter sleeve, 58, installing plate, 59, protective cover, 60, jacking cylinder A, 61, centre bore, 62, torque detector, 63, base plate, 64, mounting base B, 65, servomotor A, 66, servo motor B, 67, clamping cylinder, 68, holder, 69, main shaft, 70, revolve die, 71, slide plate D, 72, drive lead screw, 73, the feed screw nut, 74, holder A, 75, installing plate A, 76, installing plate B, 77, depression bar, 78, installing rack, 79, slide rail D, 80, the arbor wheel seat, 81, main shaft wheel, 82, driving belt A, 83, driving belt B, 84, adapter sleeve A, 85, contiguous block, 86, drive A.

The specific embodiment:

Should be used for the automatic assembling of the outer ball-joint assembly of automobile pull rod by frame 1, index dial 2, electrical control cubicles 3, pallet 4, ball pin press-in device 5, cover plate material loading checkout gear 6, cover plate revolves the tight device 7 of riveting, ball pin swing torque checkout gear 8 and dust cover press-loading apparatus 9 consist of, be provided with protective cover 59 on the frame 1, by ring-shaped guide rail 10 and direct driving motor 11 index dial 2 is installed on frame 1 table top in the protective cover 59, index dial 2 surfaces are evenly distributed in 6 pallets 4, pallet 4 is by pedestal 12, workpiece support 13 and workpiece baffle plate 14 consist of, workpiece support 13 is mounted by means of bolts on the pedestal 12, and workpiece baffle plate 14 is mounted by means of bolts on pedestal 12 upper ends one side; Be provided with centre bore 61 on pedestal 12 and the workpiece support 13.

Annular is evenly equipped with ball pin press-in device 5, cover plate material loading checkout gear 6, cover plate and revolves the tight device 7 of riveting, ball pin swing torque checkout gear 8 and dust cover press-loading apparatus 9 on frame 1 table top of index dial 2 periphery.

Cover plate revolves on frame 1 table top of the tight device of riveting 7 both sides and is provided with electrical control cubicles 3, and electrical control cubicles 3 is revolved the tight device 7 of riveting, ball pin swing torque checkout gear 8 with direct driving motor 11, ball pin press-in device 5, cover plate material loading checkout gear 6, cover plate respectively by wire and is connected with the dust cover press-loading apparatus and is connected.Be provided with jacking cylinder A60 on the frame 1 of ball pin press-in device 5 below correspondences, the push rod of jacking cylinder A60 can pass in the centre bore 61 that index dial 2 rises to pallet 4; Its objective is to offset the pressure assembling force of ball pin press-in device 5 stations, play the effect that the protection automatic assembling is not damaged.Jacking cylinder A60 is connected with electrical control cubicles 3 by wire (referring to accompanying drawing 1-5)

Ball pin press-in device 5 is by pedestal base 15, ball pin is pressed into cylinder 16, slide plate A17, slide rail A18 and briquetting 19 consist of, pedestal base 15 is " 7 " font, pedestal base 15 tops are equipped with ball pin and are pressed into cylinder 16, the side that ball pin is pressed into cylinder 16 is equipped with displacement transducer 21 by mounting bracket 20, displacement transducer 21 1 sides are movably set with and pass bar 24, pedestal base 15 inboards that ball pin is pressed into cylinder 16 belows are fixed with slide rail A18, briquetting 19 is movably arranged on the slide rail A18 by slide plate A17, briquetting 19 bottoms are provided with pressure head 22, briquetting 19 inside of pressure head 22 tops are provided with gravity sensor 23, pass bar 24 bottoms and are connected with briquetting 19 by bell-shaped percussion instrument, used in ancient time by troops on march fishplate bar 25.Briquetting 19 tops are connected by the push rod that bell-shaped percussion instrument, used in ancient time by troops on march female connector 26 and ball pin are pressed into cylinder 16 (referring to accompanying drawing 6-7)

Cover plate material loading checkout gear 6 is made of the charging tray 27 that shakes, slideway 28, feedboard 29, pusher cylinder 30 and charging cylinder 31, the side of charging tray 27 of shaking is equipped with feedboard 29 by support A32, surface one end of feedboard 29 is equipped with pusher cylinder 30, the surperficial other end of feedboard 29 is equipped with charging cylinder 31, feedboard 29 tops between charging cylinder 31 and the pusher cylinder 30 are equipped with at bit detector 33, and the charging tray 27 that shakes is connected with feedboard 29 by slideway 28 (referring to accompanying drawing 8-10)

Described cover plate revolves riveting and tightly installs 7 by mounting base B64, servomotor A65, servo motor B 66, clamping cylinder 67, holder 68, main shaft 69, revolve die 70, slide plate D71, drive lead screw 72, the feed screw nut 73, holder A74, depression bar 77 consists of, baffle plate one side of mounting base B64 is up and down by installing plate A75 and installing plate B76, and shape is equipped with servomotor A65 and servo motor B 66, the mounting base B64 of servomotor A65 one side is upper to be equipped with clamping cylinder 67 by installing rack 78, clamping cylinder 67 belows are provided with arbor wheel seat 80 by mounting base B64, be provided with main shaft wheel 81 in the arbor wheel seat 80, main shaft wheel 81 is connected with servomotor A65 by driving belt A82, the opposite side of the baffle plate of the mounting base B64 of main shaft wheel 81 belows is fixed with holder A74, by bearing drive lead screw 72 is installed in the holder A74, drive A86 is equipped with in the termination of drive lead screw 72, and drive A86 is connected with servo motor B 66 by driving belt B83; Feed screw nut 73 is housed on the drive lead screw 72, be provided with slide rail D79 on the holder A74 of drive lead screw 72 both sides, holder 68 is movably arranged on the slide rail D79 by slide plate D71, slide plate D71 is connected with feed screw nut 73 by contiguous block 85, main shaft 69 is installed in the holder 68, main shaft 69 upper ends extend in the arbor wheel seat 80 and with main shaft wheel 81 keys and are connected, termination, main shaft 69 lower end is equipped with revolves die 70, the center of main shaft 69 is provided with central through hole, depression bar 77 is housed in the through hole, and depression bar 77 tops are connected (referring to accompanying drawing 11-12) by adapter sleeve A84 with clamping cylinder 67.

Ball pin swing torque checkout gear 8 is made of mounting base 34, slide plate B35, slide rail B36, propulsion cylinder 37, servomotor 38, jaw cylinder 39, be symmetrically arranged with slide rail B36 on the mounting base 34, slide plate B35 is movably arranged on the mounting base 34 by slide rail B36, be fixed with propulsion cylinder 37 on the mounting base 34 between the slide rail B36, propulsion cylinder 37 is connected with slide plate B35, slide plate B35 surface is provided with column 40, and column 40 1 sides are provided with mounting blocks 41.Servomotor 38 is equipped with in column 40 upper ends, and drive 42 is equipped with on the output shaft top of servomotor 38; Power transmission shaft is equipped with by column 40 and mounting blocks 41 in servomotor 38 belows, jaw cylinder 39 is equipped with by cylinder frame 43 in the power transmission shaft top, jaw cylinder 39 terminations are provided with jaw 44, on the power transmission shaft of cylinder frame 43 1 sides drive pulley 45 is housed, drive pulley 45 is connected with drive 42 by driving-belt 46, on the power transmission shaft between column 40 and the mounting blocks 41 torque detector 62 is housed (referring to accompanying drawing 13)

Dust cover press-loading apparatus 9 is by mounting base A47, press-fit cylinder 48, workseat 49, turn to cylinder 50, chuck cylinder 51, chuck 52, slide rail C53, slide plate C54, mount pad 55, press-loading head 56 consists of, mounting base A47 is packed on the base plate 63, the top of mounting base A47 is fixed with and press-fits cylinder 48, the mounting base A47 inboard that press-fits cylinder 48 belows is fixed with slide rail C53, mount pad 55 is movably arranged on the slide rail C53 by slide plate C54, mount pad 55 tops are connected with the push rod that press-fits cylinder 48 by adapter sleeve 57, press-loading head 56 is equipped with in mount pad 55 bottoms, be provided with workseat 49 on the base plate 63 of press-loading head 56 below correspondences, mount pad 55 1 sides are provided with and turn to cylinder 50, turn to cylinder 50 to be fixedly mounted on the mounting base A47 by installing plate 58, turn to cylinder 50 bottoms that chuck cylinder 51 is housed, chuck 52 is equipped with in the termination of chuck cylinder 51.

During work, by manually at first ball pin to be assembled, ball pin seat and left joint component being placed on the pallet 4, make its rotation with index dial 2 be delivered to one by one each assembly station.

When the pallet 4 that is placed with ball pin, ball pin seat and left joint component moves to ball pin press-in device 5 station, the push rod of jacking cylinder B61 rises ball pin is pressed in the ball pin seat, be pressed under the effect of cylinder 16 in ball pin simultaneously, ball pin ball pin seat together is pressed in the left joint, in this course, monitor by displacement and the pressure of displacement sensor 21 and 23 pairs of pressure heads 22 of gravity sensor.After action was finished, jacking cylinder B61 and ball pin were pressed into cylinder 16 playback.

When pallet 4 moves to cover plate material loading checkout gear 6 station, cover plate part is sent to feedboard 29 by slideway 28 under the effect of the charging tray 27 that shakes, pusher cylinder 30 is pushed into charging cylinder 31 belows with cover plate part, by charging cylinder 31 it is delivered in the left joint component, after cover plate part puts in place, pusher cylinder 30 and 31 playback of charging cylinder reach next cover plate part, and the whole course of work is by the situation that puts in place at bit detector 33 detection cover plate parts.

Revolve the tight device of riveting 7 stations at cover plate, servo motor B 66 starts, drive drive lead screw 72 and feed screw nut's 73 rotations by driving belt B83, thereby drive holder 68 and main shaft 69 by slide plate D71, make it and on slide rail D79 and in the arbor wheel seat 80, move down by the stroke of setting, move down put in place after, clamping cylinder 67 startups, drive depression bar 77 and move down and cover plate part is pressed, to prevent its slip; Simultaneously, servomotor A65 starts, and drives main shaft wheel 81 by driving belt A82 and rotates, and drives by main shaft 69 thus and revolves that die 70 rotates and that cover plate part is revolved riveting is tight, revolves the tight operation of riveting thereby finish cover plate.

Pallet 4 moves to ball pin swing torque checkout gear 8 stations, promoting lower skateboard B35 at propulsion cylinder 37 moves ahead along slide rail B36, jaw cylinder 39 starts drive jaw 44 and clamps the ball pin parts, at this moment, servomotor 38 starts, drive drive pulley 45 left-right rotation by drive 42 and driving-belt 46, thereby the ball pin swing torque of finishing in the predetermined angular detects, and detects data and is uploaded to the control display interface by torque detector 62.

At dust cover press-loading apparatus 9 stations, manually the dust cover accessory is put into workseat 49.Chuck cylinder 51 drives chucks 52 and clamps workpiece, under turning to cylinder 50 effects it is transferred to the workseat 49 from pallet 4, press-fits cylinder 48 and starts and finish dust cover and press-fit operation and blanking.So far, an assembly work circulation is finished.

Automatic assembling modern design, the working stability that should be used for the outer ball-joint assembly of automobile pull rod are reliable, 6 cover pallets 4 are arranged on the index dial 2 by position of halving, during assembling, transmission by index dial, make the assembling beat of the outer ball-joint assembly of pull bar can reach 15 seconds/part, and only need one man operation to get final product.Detect one by one by 8 pairs of products of ball pin swing torque checkout gear simultaneously and improved yield rate, in case find that moment of torsion is excessive or too small, control system is revolved the tight device of riveting 7 stations with automatic feedback to cover plate, automatically regulates and revolves the riveting amount, to satisfy the qualified requirement of moment of torsion.Avoided the assembling of existing manual assembly or separate unit work station form, so that ball-joint product percent defective is higher, have a strong impact on the benefit of enterprise and the traffic safety in later stage, and the assembly work efficient of manual assembly or separate unit work station form is on the low side, can not satisfy the problem of automobile ball-joint industrialization production requirements.Being specially adapted to enterprise's outer ball-joint assembly of industrialization assembling automobile pull rod uses.

Claims (7)

1. one kind is used for the automobile pull rod automatic assembling of ball-joint assembly outward, it is by frame (1), index dial (2), electrical control cubicles (3), pallet (4), ball pin press-in device (5), cover plate material loading checkout gear (6), cover plate revolves riveting and tightly installs (7), ball pin swing torque checkout gear (8) and dust cover press-loading apparatus (9) consist of, it is characterized in that: by ring-shaped guide rail (10) and direct driving motor (11) index dial (2) is installed on the table top of frame (1), index dial (2) surface is evenly distributed in pallet (4), annular is evenly equipped with ball pin press-in device (5) on frame (1) table top of index dial (2) periphery, cover plate material loading checkout gear (6), cover plate revolves riveting and tightly installs (7), ball pin swing torque checkout gear (8) and dust cover press-loading apparatus (9), cover plate revolves on frame (1) table top that riveting tightly installs (7) both sides and is provided with electrical control cubicles (3), electrical control cubicles (3) by wire respectively with direct driving motor (11), ball pin press-in device (5), cover plate material loading checkout gear (6), cover plate revolves riveting and tightly installs (7), ball pin swing torque checkout gear (8) is connected 9 with the dust cover press-loading apparatus) connect, be provided with jacking cylinder A(60 on the frame (1) of described ball pin press-in device (5) below correspondence), jacking cylinder A(60) be connected with electrical control cubicles (3) by wire.
2. the automatic assembling for the outer ball-joint assembly of automobile pull rod according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described pallet is made of pedestal (12), workpiece support (13) and workpiece baffle plate (14), workpiece support (13) is mounted by means of bolts on the pedestal (12), and workpiece baffle plate (14) is mounted by means of bolts on pedestal (12) upper end one side; Be provided with centre bore (61) on pedestal (12) and the workpiece support (13).
3. the automatic assembling for the outer ball-joint assembly of automobile pull rod according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described ball pin press-in device (5) is by pedestal base (15), ball pin is pressed into cylinder (16), slide plate A(17), slide rail A(18) and briquetting (19) consist of, pedestal base (15) is " 7 " font, pedestal base (15) top is equipped with ball pin and is pressed into cylinder (16), the side that ball pin is pressed into cylinder (16) is equipped with displacement transducer (21) by mounting bracket (20), displacement transducer (21) one sides are movably set with and pass bar (24), pedestal base (15) inboard that ball pin is pressed into cylinder (16) below is fixed with slide rail A(18), briquetting (19) is by slide plate A(17) be movably arranged on slide rail A(18) on, briquetting (19) bottom is provided with pressure head (22), briquetting (19) inside of pressure head (22) top is provided with gravity sensor (23), described biography bar (24) bottom is connected with briquetting (19) by bell-shaped percussion instrument, used in ancient time by troops on march fishplate bar (25), and the top of described briquetting (19) is connected by the push rod that bell-shaped percussion instrument, used in ancient time by troops on march female connector (26) and ball pin are pressed into cylinder (16).
4. the automatic assembling for the outer ball-joint assembly of automobile pull rod according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cover plate material loading checkout gear (6) is by the charging tray that shakes (27), slideway (28), feedboard (29), pusher cylinder (30) and charging cylinder (31) consist of, shake a side of charging tray (27) by support A(32) feedboard (29) is installed, one end of feedboard (29) is equipped with pusher cylinder (30), the other end of feedboard (29) is equipped with charging cylinder (31), feedboard (29) top between charging cylinder (31) and the pusher cylinder (30) is equipped with in bit detector (33), and the described charging tray that shakes (27) is connected with feedboard (29) by slideway (28).
5. the automatic assembling for the outer ball-joint assembly of automobile pull rod according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cover plate revolves riveting and tightly installs (7) by mounting base B(64), servomotor A(65), servo motor B (66), clamping cylinder (67), holder (68), main shaft (69), revolve die (70), slide plate D(71), drive lead screw (72), feed screw nut (73), holder A(74), depression bar (77) consists of, mounting base B(64) baffle plate one side is by installing plate A(75) and installing plate B(76) be up and down that shape is equipped with servomotor A(65) and servo motor B (66), servomotor A(65) the mounting base B(64 of a side) upward by installing rack (78) clamping cylinder (67) is housed, clamping cylinder (67) below is by mounting base B(64) be provided with arbor wheel seat (80), be provided with main shaft wheel (81) in the arbor wheel seat (80), main shaft wheel (81) is by driving belt A(82) with servomotor A(65) be connected, the opposite side of the baffle plate mounting base B(64 of main shaft wheel (81) below) is fixed with holder A(74), holder A(74) by bearing drive lead screw (72) is installed in, drive A(86 is equipped with in the termination of drive lead screw (72)), drive A(86) by driving belt B(83) be connected with servo motor B (66); Feed screw nut (73) is housed on the drive lead screw (72), the holder A(74 of drive lead screw (72) both sides) is provided with slide rail D(79 on), holder (68) is by slide plate D(71) be movably arranged on slide rail D(79) on, slide plate D(71) is connected with feed screw nut (73) by contiguous block (85), main shaft (69) is installed in the holder (68), main shaft (69) upper end extends in the arbor wheel seat (80) and with main shaft wheel (81) key and is connected, main shaft (69) termination, lower end is equipped with revolves die (70), the center of main shaft (69) is provided with central through hole, depression bar (77) is housed in the through hole, and depression bar (77) top is by adapter sleeve A(84) be connected with clamping cylinder (67).
6. the automatic assembling for the outer ball-joint assembly of automobile pull rod according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described ball pin swing torque checkout gear (8) is by mounting base (34), slide plate B(35), slide rail B(36), propulsion cylinder (37), servomotor (38), jaw cylinder (39) consists of, mounting base is symmetrically arranged with slide rail B(36 on (34)), slide plate B(35) by slide rail B(36) be movably arranged on the mounting base (34), slide rail B(36) is fixed with propulsion cylinder (37) on the mounting base between (34), propulsion cylinder (37) and slide plate B(35) be connected, slide plate B(35) surface is provided with column (40), column (40) one sides are provided with mounting blocks (41), servomotor (38) is equipped with in column (40) upper end, and drive (42) is equipped with on the output shaft top of servomotor (38); Power transmission shaft is equipped with by column (40) and mounting blocks (41) in servomotor (38) below, jaw cylinder (39) is equipped with by cylinder frame (43) in the power transmission shaft top, jaw cylinder (39) termination is provided with jaw (44), drive pulley (45) is housed on the power transmission shaft of described cylinder frame (43) one sides, drive pulley (45) is connected with drive (42) by driving-belt (46), on the power transmission shaft between column (40) and the mounting blocks (41) torque detector (62) is housed.
7. the automatic assembling for the outer ball-joint assembly of automobile pull rod according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described dust cover press-loading apparatus (9) is by base plate (63), mounting base A(47), press-fit cylinder (48), workseat (49), turn to cylinder (50), chuck cylinder (51), chuck (52), slide rail C(53), slide plate C(54), mount pad (55), press-loading head (56) consists of, mounting base A(47) is packed on the base plate (63), mounting base A(47) top is fixed with and press-fits cylinder (48), press-fit the mounting base A(47 of cylinder (48) below) inboard is fixed with slide rail C(53), mount pad (55) is by slide plate C(54) be movably arranged on slide rail C(53) on, mount pad (55) top is connected with the push rod that press-fits cylinder (48) by adapter sleeve (57), press-loading head (56) is equipped with in mount pad (55) bottom, be provided with workseat (49) on the base plate (63) of press-loading head (56) below correspondence, described mount pad (55) one sides are provided with and turn to cylinder (50), turn to cylinder (50) to be fixedly mounted on mounting base A(47 by installing plate (58)) on, turn to cylinder (50) bottom that chuck cylinder (51) is housed, chuck (52) is equipped with in the termination of chuck cylinder (51).
CN 201110200741 2011-07-18 2011-07-18 Automatic assembling platform for external ball joint assembly of automobile pull rod CN102267051B (en)

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CN103317036B (en) * 2013-06-26 2015-11-18 玉环津力汽车配件有限公司 The controlled riveter of torque
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