CN102264023B - Universal hinge in-the-ear hearing aid - Google Patents

Universal hinge in-the-ear hearing aid Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102264023B
CN102264023B CN 201010224585 CN201010224585A CN102264023B CN 102264023 B CN102264023 B CN 102264023B CN 201010224585 CN201010224585 CN 201010224585 CN 201010224585 A CN201010224585 A CN 201010224585A CN 102264023 B CN102264023 B CN 102264023B
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hearing aid
ear
junction
member
hinge
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CN 201010224585
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102264023A (en
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赵勇
赵金萍
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江苏贝泰福医疗科技有限公司
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Abstract

本发明揭示了一种通用型铰结耳内助听器,包括助听器的前部、中部和后部,所述助听器的前部包括扬声器,所述助听器的后部包括机体,所述助听器的中部包括声音传导装置,所述的声音传导装置为铰结连接装置,所述铰结连接装置的一端与助听器的前部相连接,另一端与助听器的后部相连接,所述的铰结连接装置的旋转角度可自由控制,旋转仰角高达60度,能适应人体耳道拐角的要求。 The present invention discloses a universal joint within the junction-ear hearing aid, the hearing aid includes a front portion, central and rear portions, the front portion includes a speaker of a hearing aid, said hearing aid comprising a body rear portion, the middle portion of the hearing aid comprises a sound hinge means connecting the junction of the rotary conduction device, said device is a sound conduction means connecting hinge junction, said junction front hinge portion connecting one end of the hearing aid device is connected to the other end is connected to the rear portion of the hearing aid, according to the angle freely control the rotation angle of elevation up to 60 degrees, the body can adapt to the requirements of the corners of the ear canal. 本发明所提供的耳内助听器可以全部置放于耳内,隐蔽性强,与耳道始终保持弹性接触,其前部可以放置到靠近人体耳膜的深耳道,佩戴舒适稳定,佩戴时耳内空气流通,长时间佩戴也不易出汗,有效减小反馈和闭塞效应,传导的声音清晰,增益损失小,是适合任何听障患者使用的通用型柔性耳内助听器。 Ear hearing aid provided by the present invention may all be placed in the ear, concealed, remain resilient contact with the ear canal, which may be placed to the front portion of the body-in-canal near the eardrum, stable and comfortable to wear, while the wear ear air flow, long wearing sweat easily, and effectively reduce the feedback effect of occlusion, conductive clear voice, a small gain loss, is suitable for any type of flexible generic ear hearing aids the hearing-impaired patients.

Description

一种通用型铰结耳内助听器 A universal joint within the junction-ear hearing aid

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种助听器装置,尤其是涉及一种通用型的铰结耳内助听器,可自由调节耳内助听器装置在人体耳道内的三维弯曲角度,旋转仰角高达60度,能适应人体耳道拐角的要求。 [0001] The present invention relates to a hearing aid device, particularly to a universal joint of the junction-ear hearing aid, the bending angle can be adjusted three-ear hearing aid device in the human ear canal, the elevation angle up to 60 degrees of rotation, the body can adapt to ear canal corner of requirements.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前生产数字式助听器的厂家一般都专注于加大助听器功率以获得较大的音频输出信号或增益、抑制环境噪声、消除声音反馈信号等内容,用来保证输出信号的质量。 [0002] The current production of digital hearing aid manufacturers typically focus on increasing the power of the hearing aid in order to obtain a large gain or audio output signals, suppressing ambient noise, eliminating the contents of the acoustic feedback signals, to ensure the quality of the output signal. 产生的后果是:即使输出信号的质量很好,但是使用者有效接收到的增益很少,使用者也不能获得较好的助听效果。 The consequences are: even if the output signal quality is very good, but the user effectively received very little gain, the user can not get a better hearing aid effect. 因为定制式助听器一般都放置在耳廓上,耳背式助听器放置于耳背后,扬声器发出的声音距离人体耳膜还有相当一段距离,由于声波传导阻尼和反射交互作用,会导致声音在这段复杂生理结构的耳道中传导过程中的损失,一般有将近20%〜30%的增益损失,因此许多重度听力损失患者抱怨助听器功率小。 Because the custom hearing aids are generally placed on the ear, behind the ear hearing aid placed behind the ear, the sound from the speaker there is quite some distance from the human eardrum, due to the interaction of the sound-conducting damping and reflection will lead voice in this complex physiological loss during the ear canal structure conductive, generally nearly 20% ~ 30% of the gain loss, many severe hearing loss in patients complaining of small-power hearing aid.

[0003] 为了提高助听器的工作效率和增加佩戴隐蔽性,发明了全耳道式(CIC)或耳内式助听器,从而减少在耳朵内传导过程中的损失。 [0003] In order to improve the efficiency and increase wearing the hearing aid concealment, the full disclosure in the canal (CIC) hearing aid or ear, thereby reducing the conduction loss in the ear processes. 由于耳内式助听器体积很小,零部件的安置空间非常有限,因此必须将零部件设计和制作得尽可能小,并将其安装得非常紧凑。 Since ITE small size, the installation space is very limited parts of component parts must be designed and made as small as possible, and very compact installation. 体积小巧所产生的副作用是助听器功率也因此减小,期望产生的声音增益不大。 Side compact power generated by the hearing aid is reduced and therefore, the sound is not desired to produce gain.

[0004] 全耳道式(CIC)助听器是一种定制式助听器,需要先在验配中心对每一个听障患者耳道印制耳模,然后将耳模送到工厂手工加工制作成助听器壳体。 [0004] Full-canal (CIC) hearing aid is a custom hearing aid, fitting in the need to center each ear hearing impaired patients printed ear mold, the ear mold and to the factory to manufacture the hearing aid shell Hand body. 由于助听器机体没有暴露在耳朵外面,它的隐蔽性强是部分听障患者所追求的目标,但正是由于放置在耳内,其副作用产生的闭塞效应、反馈嘯叫、因与耳道全面硬接触不能适应耳道肌肉相对运动而影响佩戴稳定性、以及由于三维复杂耳道生理解剖结构使其难以放置到深耳道、等是其主要弊病。 Because the body is not exposed to the outside of the hearing aid ear, its strong concealment is part of the hearing impaired patients goal, but precisely because of placement in the ear, the occlusion effect its side effects, the feedback whistle, because the ear canal with full hard contacting the ear canal can not adapt to the relative movement muscles affect the stability of wear, and because the three-dimensional structure of the complex anatomy of the ear canal to make it difficult to place deep canal, and the like are the main shortcomings.

[0005] 为了使选配中心在填写“定制机客户订单”时能统一认识,便于选配中心对定制机制作的耳道长度进行选择,提高选配中心的首次验配成功率,特此,西门子公司对耳道进行标准定义。 [0005] In order to be able to fill out the Matching Center in unified understanding when "custom machine customer order" to facilitate the matching of the center canal length custom-made machine is selected, the first examination of paired improve the optional power center, hereby, Siemens The company defined the standard of the ear canal. 通过图11解释短耳道21、中耳道22、长耳道23、深耳道24等耳道长度。 Short explanation canal 21, the canal 22, the ear canal 23 long, deep ear canal length by 24 in FIG. 11 and the like.

[0006] 短耳道21:不过第一弯道al与第二弯道a2的中心线(一般适用于听力损失较好且不影响定制机配戴外观的助听器选配者,不适用于CIC)。 [0006] Short ear 21: al But first curve and the second curve a2 is a centerline (optional hearing aid are generally applicable to hearing loss is preferably not affect the appearance of the custom machine wear, does not apply to CIC) .

[0007] 中耳道22:过第一弯道al与第二弯道a2的中心线,不过第二弯道a2 (适用于听力损失略好的助听器选配者,不适用于CIC)。 [0007] In the ear canal 22: through the first curve and the second curve a2 al centerline, but the second curve a2 (slightly better suitable for hearing aid fitting hearing loss who does not apply CIC).

[0008] 长耳道23:过第二弯道a2的Imm左右(适用于听力损失略重或CIC的助听器选配者)。 [0008] The length of the ear canal 23: Imm around through the second curve a2 (for CIC hearing loss or a hearing aid slightly heavier person optional).

[0009] 深耳道24:过第二弯道a2的3〜5mm(适用于听力损失较重,达到助听器的选配极限范围的助听器选配者,不太适用于第二弯道弯a2度较大、听力损失较好或年纪较大的ITE选配者)。 [0009]-canal 24: the second curve a2 through the 3~5mm (suitable for heavy hearing loss, the hearing aid to achieve the matching of hearing aid fitting those limits, is not applicable to the second curve of curvature a2 larger, better hearing loss or older who ITE optional).

[0010] 在美国专利申请号为US7092543B1的专利中公开了一种通用型耳内助听仪器,如图13所示,耳内助听器的扬声器部分可灵活转动,是一种适合任何耳道内使用的耳内助听器,其扬声器升入到耳朵内部,比较接近深耳道处的人体耳膜,减少了助听器在耳朵内传导声音过程中的增益损失,提高了助听器的工作效率。 [0010] In U.S. Patent Application No. Patent US7092543B1 discloses in a general-ear hearing instrument wife, as shown, the inner ear speaker portion of the hearing aid 13 may be flexible rotation, it is suitable for any use within the ear canal within the hearing aid speaker ascend to the internal ear, the eardrum relatively close to the body at a deep canal, reducing the gain loss process sound conduction hearing aid in the ear, improve the efficiency of the hearing aid. 其耳内助听器尾部还设有一固定的拉线或杆,方便了耳内助听器的取出。 The-ear hearing aid which also has a tail portion fixed wire or rod, to facilitate the extraction of the-ear hearing aid. 但扬声器部分旋转仰角不超过30度,不能适应人体耳道拐角角度高达60度的要求;使用时导致耳道中心附近的空气不能流通,出现出汗的现象,使使用者佩戴感觉不舒服,难以放置到靠近人体耳膜的位置。 But the speaker part of the rotation angle of elevation does not exceed 30 degrees, the human ear can not meet the requirements of the corners angles up to 60 degrees; resulting in air near the center of the ear canal can not flow, sweating phenomenon when used, allows the user to wear uncomfortable, difficult placed in a position close to the human eardrum.

[0011] 图14是优利康(UNITR0N)的通用型新款耳内助听器的结构示意图,其支架与耳道保持空隙,保证了耳内空气的流通,长时间佩戴不易出汗,扬声器也接近人体耳膜,减少了助听器在耳朵内传递声音过程中的增益损失,提高了助听器的工作效率。 [0011] FIG. 14 is a diagram showing the structure of the hearing aid Unitron (UNITR0N) new universal ear canal bracket and maintaining a space which ensure the circulation of air within the ear, sweat easily extended wear, a speaker close to human eardrums reduced hearing loss sound during the transfer gain in the ears, improving the efficiency of the hearing aid. 其耳内助听器尾部还设有一可拉伸的拉杆,方便了耳内助听器的取出。 The-ear hearing aid which also has a tail portion of the stretchable rod, to facilitate the extraction of the-ear hearing aid. 但其声音传导装置为刚性连接装置,这样的助听器在使用过程中经常遇到下列情况:其耳内助听器具有形状固定的刚性外壳,在放置到人体耳内时,不可自由活动,由于使用者耳道的长度和大小以及形状不同,会导致外壳与耳道接触不均,部分位置受压力过高,使佩戴者感觉不适。 But the rigid connection means is a sound conduction means, such as a hearing aid often encountered in the course of the following cases: inner-ear hearing aid having a fixed shape of the rigid shell, when placed in the human ear, not free, since the ear of the user different channel lengths and sizes, and shapes will result in uneven contact with the housing and the ear canal, some locations by the pressure is too high, discomfort for the wearer. 在耳道内的固定主要依靠端部突出较大的耳塞,硬塑料机体与耳道硬接触并随耳道肌肉运动而滑动。 Is fixed in the ear canal rely mainly on large projecting end portion of the ear, the hard plastic body with hard contact with the ear canal and muscle movement to slide. 主要技术问题是由于不能弯曲,无法深入三维结构复杂的耳道、不能消除闭塞效应和反馈嘯叫、佩戴稳定性和舒适度较差。 The main technical problem is due not bend, unable to penetrate the complex three-dimensional structure of the ear canal, can not eliminate the occlusion effect and feedback whistling, poor stability and wearing comfort. 因此,这些副作用导致该产品在市场上并没有产生所预期的效果。 Therefore, these side effects cause the product does not produce the desired effect on the market.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0012] 针对上述不能满足市场所需的产品缺陷,本发明的目的在于提供一种通用型铰结耳内助听器,兼备耳内受话耳背式助听器和通用型耳内式助听器的优点,声音传导装置或铰结的旋转仰角高达60度,能适应人体耳道拐角的要求,易于放置到很靠近人体耳膜的深耳道处,其佩戴舒适稳定,佩戴时耳内空气流通,长时间佩戴也不易出汗,消除闭塞效应和反馈嘯叫,传导的声音清晰,增益损失小,是适合任何患者使用的通用型刚性耳内助听器。 [0012] In response to these market does not meet the required product defects, an object of the present invention to provide a universal joint at the junction ear hearing aid, the advantages of the subject words and BTE hearing aids universal ear hearing aid in both ears, the sound conduction rotating means or hinge junction elevation up to 60 degrees, meets the requirement of the body canal corner, easy to place at close proximity to the body-in-canal eardrum, which is stable and comfortable to wear, the air circulation inside the ear when wearing, long wearing and easy to sweat, eliminating the occlusion effect and feedback whistling, conductive clear voice, a small gain loss, is suitable for any type of general purpose rigid inner ear hearing aid patients.

[0013] 本发明的技术方案是:一种通用型铰结耳内助听器,包括助听器的前部、中部和后部,所述助听器的前部包括扬声器,所述助听器的后部包括机体,所述助听器的中部包括声音传导装置,所述的声音传导装置为铰结连接装置,所述铰结连接装置的一端与助听器的前部相连接,另一端与助听器的后部相连接,所述的铰结连接装置的角度可根据人体耳道生理解剖结构自由控制,旋转仰角高达60度,能适应人体耳道拐角的要求。 [0013] aspect of the present invention is: a universal hinge junction ear hearing aid, the hearing aid comprises a front portion, central and rear portions, the front portion includes a speaker of a hearing aid, the hearing aid includes a body rear portion, the said hearing aid comprises a sound conduction in the middle means is a sound conduction means connecting hinge junction, said junction front hinge portion connecting one end of the hearing aid device is connected to the other end is connected to the rear portion of the hearing aid device, according to hinge means connecting the junction angle according to the human ear canal anatomy physiology freely control the rotation angle of elevation up to 60 degrees, meets the requirement of the body canal corners.

[0014] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述的铰结连接装置与助听器的前部为活动连接,与后部为固定连接。 [0014] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the front portion of the hinge junction device connected to the hearing aid for the active connection, is fixedly connected to the rear.

[0015] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述的铰结连接装置为一个万向节或多个万向节串联的结构形式。 [0015] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the hinge means is connected to the junction structure or a universal joint gimbal plurality of sections in series.

[0016] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述的铰结连接装置由四个部件构成,分别为••第一部件、第二部件、第三部件和第四部件。 [0016] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the connecting hinge junction device consists of four members, respectively, •• a first member, a second member, the third member and the fourth member. 铰结连接装置材质为单一或复合型、医用级或非医用级、非金属或金属、弹性或非弹性材料。 Hinge connecting means made of a single junction or complex, or medical grade medical grade, non-metallic or metallic, elastic or elastomeric material.

[0017] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述的助听器的前部还包括弹性支架,扬声器全部或部分置放于支架的内部,所述的支架与耳道壁之间保持有空隙。 [0017] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the front portion of the hearing aid further comprises an elastic holder, all or part of a speaker placed inside the stent, maintaining a gap between the bracket and the canal wall.

[0018] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述的机体由功能组件及机体外壳组成,其功能组件设置于机体外壳的内部。 [0018] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the functional components of the body shell and the body, whose functional components disposed in the interior of the housing body. [0019] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述的机体外壳材质为单一或复合型、医用级或非医用级、非金属或金属、弹性或非弹性材料。 [0019] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the body or housing made of a single complex, or medical grade medical grade, non-metallic or metallic, elastic or elastomeric material.

[0020] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述的机体尾部还设有一拉线或拉杆,拉杆材质为单一或复合型、医用级或非医用级、非金属或金属、弹性或非弹性材料。 [0020] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the body further provided with a tail wire or rod, or a rod made of a single compound, or medical grade medical grade, non-metallic or metallic, elastic or resilient material .

[0021] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述的机体外部设置有一个或数个弹性圈,或全部或局部被一个弹性罩包住,弹性圈或罩材质为单一或复合型、医用级或非医用级、非金属或金属弹性材料。 [0021] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the outer body is provided with one or several of the elastic ring, or a whole or in part encased elastic cover, the cover is made of an elastic ring or a single or composite, medical grade or medical grade, non-metal or metal elastic material.

[0022] 本发明揭露的耳内助听器,由于将耳内助听器设计成前、中、后三部分,其中间部分可以由万向节形式的铰结连接装置组成,铰结连接装置与助听器前部为活动连接,其角度可自由控制,旋转仰角高达60度,能适应人体耳道拐角的要求,使佩戴者佩戴舒适,这样就实现了适合不同耳道生理解剖结构的患者使用的通用型铰结耳内助听器;此外,通过对前部的支架的设计,使其与耳壁之间保持有空隙,保证了耳内空气的流通,长时间佩戴也不易出汗,其扬声器靠近耳膜处,使传递的声音更清晰。 [0022] The present invention discloses an ear hearing aid, since the-ear hearing aid designed to before, during and after the three parts, wherein the intermediate portion may consist of a hinge joint forms the connection junction means connecting hinge junction device and the front portion of a hearing aid active connection, the angle can be freely controlled, the rotation angle of elevation up to 60 degrees, meets the requirement of the body canal corner, so that the wearer comfortable to wear, thus achieving universal hinge junction canal for different patient anatomy structure used ear hearing aid; Further, the design of the front portion of the holder, holding the gap between it and the wall of the ear, the ear to ensure that the flow of air, long wearing and easy perspiration, close to the eardrum which speaker the transfer It sounds clearer. 机体外部还可以设置一弹性硅橡胶圈,使助听器与人体耳道始终保持弹性接触,佩戴稳定,避免在耳道肌肉运动时产生与助听器之间的相互滑动。 Outer body may also be provided with a resilient silicone rubber ring, the ear canal hearing aid with the body remains resilient contact, wear stability, to avoid mutual sliding between the muscle movement generated when the ear canal of the hearing aid.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0023] 图1是本发明耳内助听器实施例的结构示意图; [0023] FIG. 1 is a block diagram of an embodiment of the present invention, the-ear hearing aid;

[0024] 图2是本发明耳内助听器组装示意图; [0024] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the ear hearing aid assembly of the present invention;

[0025] 图3是本发明耳内助听器实施例的使用状态结构示意图(耳道前视图); [0025] FIG. 3 is a state of use of the embodiment of the present invention a hearing aid ear structure diagram (front view of the ear canal);

[0026] 图4是本发明耳内助听器实施例的使用状态结构示意图(耳道俯视图); [0026] FIG. 4 is a structural diagram of the usage state (a plan view of the ear canal) embodiment of the present invention within the ear hearing aid;

[0027] 图5是本发明实施例中铰结连接装置的结构示意图; [0027] FIG. 5 is a block diagram representation of a hinge junction device of the embodiment of the present invention is connected;

[0028] 图6是本发明实施例中铰结连接装置组装示意图; [0028] FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the assembly embodiment of the present invention, the hinge apparatus connecting the junction;

[0029] 图7是本发明支架实施例二的示意图; [0029] FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a stent according to a second embodiment of the present invention;

[0030] 图8是本发明机实施例的机体内部结构件装配示意图; [0030] FIG. 8 is an internal configuration of the body member of the embodiment of the present invention assembled schematic machine;

[0031] 图9是本发明耳内助听器优选实施例一的结构示意图; [0031] FIG. 9 is a block diagram of a hearing aid in the ear preferred embodiment of the present invention;

[0032] 图10是本发明耳内助听器优选实施例二的结构示意图; [0032] FIG. 10 is a structural diagram according to a second in-ear hearing aids preferred embodiment of the present invention;

[0033] 图11是人体耳道的结构示意图; [0033] FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the human ear canal;

[0034] 图12是美国专利一种通用型耳内助听器的结构示意图; [0034] FIG. 12 is a diagram showing the structure of a common type of U.S. Patent No. ear hearing aid;

[0035] 图中,I为耳内助听器,2为耳道,11为机体,12为铰结连接装置,13为支架,14为机体外壳,15为功能组件,16为扬声器外壳,17为扬声器,18为拉杆,19为弹性娃橡胶圈,121为第一部件,122为第二部件,123为第三部件,124为第四部件,21为短耳道,22为中耳道,23为长耳道,24为深耳道,al为第一弯道,a2为第二弯道,111为麦克风,112为芯片,113为电池,114为第一机构件,115为第二机构件,116为第三机构件,117为按钮。 [0035] FIG, I is the-ear hearing aid, the ear canal 2, the body 11, the junction 12 is connected to the hinge means holder 13, 14 of the body housing, the functional components 15, 16 of the speaker housing, the speaker 17 , 18 is rod, 19 is an elastic rubber ring baby, the first member 121, a second member 122, 123 of the third member, the fourth member 124, a short canal 21, the canal 22, 23 long canal, the ear canal 24 is deep, Al is the first curve, a2 is a second curve, a microphone 111, a chip 112, a battery 113, a first mechanism member 114, 115 is a second mechanism member, third means for the member 116, 117 is a button.

[0036] 具体实施方式 [0036] DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0037] 下面结合附图对本发明的较佳实施例进行详细阐述,以使本发明的优点和特征能更易于被本领域技术人员理解,从而对本发明的保护范围做出更为清楚明确的界定。 Detail drawings of the preferred embodiment of the present invention [0037] below with reference to enable features and advantages of the present invention can be more readily understood by those skilled in the art, in order to make more clear and unambiguous definition of the scope of the present invention .

[0038] 如图1所示,示意了一种通用型刚性耳内助听器1,包括助听器的前部,中部和后部,此处的助听器前部包括扬声器17,此处的助听器后部包括机体11,此处的助听器的中部由声音传导装置构成,其声音传导装置为铰结连接装置,铰结连接装置12的一端与助听器的前部相连接,另一端与助听器的后部相连接,其铰结连接装置12为一万向节形式。 [0038] As shown in FIG 1, it illustrates a universal rigid inner-ear hearing aid 1, comprising a hearing aid front, middle and rear portions, the front portion of the hearing aid herein includes a speaker 17, a rear body of the hearing aid here comprises 11, here the middle of the hearing aid by sound conduction means constituted, the sound-conducting means is connected to a hinge junction device, the front end portion of the hearing aid device 12 is connected to the junction of the hinge is connected, the other end is connected to the rear portion of the hearing aid, which hinge means connecting the junction 12 to form a universal joint. 根据图3及图4所示,所述的铰结连接装置12的角度可自由控制,旋转仰角高达60度,能适应人体耳道拐角的要求,使佩戴者佩戴舒适,这样就实现了适合不同耳道的患者使用的通用型铰结耳内助听器。 According to FIG. 3 and FIG., The angle of hinge means connected to said junction 12 can freely control 4, the rotation angle of elevation up to 60 degrees, meets the requirement of the body canal corner, so that the wearer comfortable to wear, so to achieve for different the universal joint of patients with node-ear hearing aid in the ear canal.

[0039] 本发明实施例中铰结连接装置12与助听器的前部为活动连接,与后部为固定连接,这样比较方便拆装和更换,并实现了与铰结连接装置12固定连接的助听器前部在耳道2内的自由活动,使佩戴者佩戴舒适。 The front portion [0039] Example embodiments of the present invention is connected to a hinge junction device 12 is movably connected to the hearing aid, is fixedly connected to the rear, so more convenient disassembly and replacement, and to achieve a hearing aid with a hinge connecting means 12 fixedly connected to the junction of freedom of movement in the front of the ear canal 2, so that the wearer comfortable to wear.

[0040] 图2是本发明耳内助听器实施例组装示意图,本发明的较佳实施例中机体11由机体外壳14和功能组件15构成,功能组件15设于机体外壳14的内部,所述的功能组件15包括助听器的开启与关闭,音频信号的接收、放大、滤波、功率调节等部件。 [0040] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the assembly within the ear hearing aid embodiment of the present invention, the preferred embodiment of the present invention in the body 11 is constituted by the housing body 14 and the functional components 15, function components 15 disposed inside the housing body 14, the 15 includes functional components of the hearing aid on and off, for receiving audio signals, amplifies, filters, power conditioning and other components. 机体外壳14的一端设有与铰结连接装置12连接相对应的连接凸出孔,铰结连接装置12的另一端与扬声器外壳16相连接,扬声器17设于扬声器外壳16的内部,通过铰结连接装置12使音频信号传送至扬声器17,扬声器外壳16的外部再套上支架13。 One end of the body housing 14 is provided with hinge means connected to the junction 12 is connected corresponding to the connecting projection aperture, the other end of the device 12 and the speaker enclosure hinged junction connector 16 is connected to a speaker 17 is provided inside the speaker housing 16 by a hinge junction connection device 12 transmits the audio signal to the speaker 17, external speaker enclosure 16 is then put on stand 13. 此处的支架13表面呈螺旋状,通过支架13起到耳内助听器I与耳道的初步定位。 13 spiral surface of the stent herein, functions as positioning the initial I-ear hearing aid and the ear canal via a bracket 13. 机体11尾部还设有一拉杆18,方便了耳内助听器的取出。 Tail body 11 also has a tie rod 18 to facilitate the extraction of the-ear hearing aid. 助听器处于佩戴和工作状态时,拉杆可以盘绕在机体电池仓门外,拉杆头卡在固定槽内。 When the hearing aid is worn and the working state, the rod can be coiled body battery compartment door lever head stuck in the fixing groove. 拔出助听器时,将拉杆头拔出固定槽,拉直拉杆即可拔出助听器。 When pulled out of the hearing aid, the pull rod head fixing groove, straightened rod can pull the hearing aid. 在本发明一个实施例中,拉杆材料为具有生物相容性的高分子材料,例如聚胺脂、或尼龙、或硅橡胶。 In one embodiment of the present invention, the rod material is a biocompatible polymer material, such as polyurethane, or nylon, or silicone rubber. 拉杆外径不大于3mm,长度不小于5_。 Rod outer diameter of no greater than 3mm, length not less than 5_.

[0041] 如图8为本发明实施例的机体11内部结构件装配示意图,即机体11内的功能组件15由麦克风111、芯片112、电池113、第一机构件114、第二机构件115、第三机构件116及按钮117所构成。 [0041] Figure 8 a schematic structural member 11 fitted inside the body to an embodiment of the present invention, i.e., the functional components 11 within the body 15 by the microphone 111, chip 112, a battery 113, a first mechanism 114, the second mechanism 115, third means 116, and button 117 is constituted. 组装时,麦克风111置于第一机构件114内,电池113置于第三机构件116内;然后把第三机构件116穿插于第一机构件114中再与第二机构件115相连接,使其连接形成一个整体的机构件;按钮117的尾端通过插入第三机构件116到达第一机构件114的麦克风111的尾端,与其相接触,用按钮117来控制麦克风111的使用环境等;最后把芯片112与机构件连接,置于电池113的上方。 In assembly, the microphone 111 disposed within a first member means 114, the battery 113 disposed within the third member means 116; and the third member 116 is inserted to a mechanism connected to the member 115 and then the second member 114 means the first means, it means connected to form an integral member; button 117 by inserting the tail end of the third member mechanism 116 reaches the trailing end of the first microphone mechanism 111 member 114, in contact therewith, a button 117 used to control the ambient microphone 111 and the like ; Finally, the chip 112 is connected to the mechanism member, positioned above the cell 113. 用其组成的功能组件15实现了助听器的开启与关闭,音频信号的接收、放大、滤波、功率调节等,当然这些功能组件15的组装及机械配合与定位可以采用其他合适的方式,本发明对此不做限定。 Functional components with a composition of 15 to achieve the hearing aid on and off, for receiving audio signals, amplifies, filters, power adjustment, of course, assembly and mechanical engagement with the positioning of the functional components 15, other suitable means may be employed, the present invention this is not limited.

[0042] 万向节即万向接头,英文名称universal joint,是实现变角度动力传递的机件,用于需要改变传动轴线方向的位置,万向节的结构和作用有点象人体四肢上的关节,它允许被连接的零件之间的夹角在一定范围内变化,为满足动力传递、适应转向和造成的角度变化而变化。 [0042] That cardan universal joint English name universal joint, the angle is variable to achieve power transmission parts, for the need to change the position of the drive shaft line direction, the structure and function of the joint on the joint bit like human limbs it allows the parts to be connected between the angle changes within a certain range, in order to meet the power transmission, and the steering angle of adaptation caused by changes. 所谓万向节,指的是利用球型连接实现不同轴的动力传送的机械结构,在万向节配合中,一个零部件(输出轴)绕自身轴的旋转是由另一个零部件(输入轴)绕其轴的旋转驱动的。 The so-called universal joints, ball refers to the use to achieve mechanical connection structure of the power transmission shaft is different, with the universal joint, a part (output shaft) about its axis of rotation by another component (input shaft) rotationally driven about its axis.

[0043] 如图6所示,本发明中的铰结连接装置12由四个部件构成形成万向节形式,分别为:第一部件121、第二部件122、第三部件123和第四部件124,其组装后如图5所示,这样就实现了铰结连接装置12可自由活动的功能。 [0043] shown in Figure 6, hinge means connecting the junction 12 of the present invention is composed of four members formed in the form of joint, namely: a first member 121, a second member 122, the third member 123 and fourth member 124, which is shown in Figure 5 after assembly, thus achieving the function of connecting hinge junction device 12 can move freely. 其铰结连接装置12可以顺利推入放置到第二弯道a2附近处接近耳膜的位置,针对不同人群的耳朵特征和尺寸,可自由活动,使用安全。 Hinge means which connect the junction 12 can be smoothly pushed into the second curve is placed close to the eardrum at a position near a2, and features for ear size, different populations of freely movable safe to use. 支架13表面呈螺旋状,或如图7所示设计成其他形状,支架13的这些外形的设计,保证了与耳道2的耳壁之间产生一定的空隙,保证了耳内空气的流通,长时间佩戴也不易出汗。 Spiral surface of the stent 13, shown in Figure 7, or other shapes designed, these shape bracket 13 designed to ensure a certain gap between the wall 2 and the ear canal, the ear to ensure that the flow of air, long wearing and easy to sweat.

[0044] 为本发明实施例在耳朵中的应用,通过本发明设计的铰结连接装置12,使得助听器在耳朵内部的进出更为自由,通过支架13定位在耳道内,并且扬声器17被深入到接近耳膜处,从而保证将扬声器17发出的声音直接输送至人体耳膜,减少了耳内助听器I在耳朵内传递声音过程中的音量损失,提高了耳内助听器I的工作效率。 [0044] Application Example ear embodiment of the invention, the present invention is designed hinge means connected to junction 12, out of the hearing aid inside the ear so that more free, through the bracket 13 is positioned in the ear canal, and a speaker 17 is deep into close to the eardrum, to ensure delivery of the sound emitted by the speaker 17 directly to the human eardrum, reducing the loss of volume during the hearing aid in the ear I transmitting sound in the ear, the ear to improve the efficiency of the hearing aid I.

[0045] 图9和图10是本发明耳内助听器优先实施例一、二的结构示意图,其区别在于:图9中,拉杆18的摆放位置为壳体端部;图10中,拉杆18的摆放位置为壳体侧边,当然也可以设置在其它的位置,比如电池门外面等。 [0045] FIGS. 9 and FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the ear hearing aid of one, two, except that: in Figure 9, the position of rod 18 is placed in an end portion of the housing; in FIG. 10, rod 18 the placement of the housing side, of course, also be provided in other locations, such as outside of the battery door. 拉杆18的设置方式,以方便操作为设计前提。 Lever arrangement 18, to facilitate the operation for the design assumptions. 图9和图10的共同点在于:机体11外部还可以设置一弹性硅橡胶圈19,便于与耳道始终保持弹性接触,佩戴稳定,避免在耳道肌肉运动时产生与助听器之间的相互滑动,使佩戴更舒适。 FIGS. 9 and 10 in common in that: the outer body 11 may also be provided with a resilient silicone rubber ring 19, to facilitate the mutual sliding between muscle movement generated when the ear canal with the ear canal of the hearing aid remain resilient contact, wear stability, to avoid make more comfortable to wear. 此外,此弹性硅橡胶圈19被设置成与耳壁接触过程中,能保持助听器机体11与耳壁之间留有空隙,从而保证助听器佩戴过程中,耳道内空气流通顺畅,从而提高佩戴者的舒适度,尽量减少耳朵内的出汗。 Further, the elastic silicone rubber ring 19 is disposed in contact with the wall during the ear, the hearing aid to maintain the gap left between the body 11 and the wall of the ear, the hearing aid in order to ensure the wear process, adequate air flow within the ear canal, thereby improving the wearer comfort, minimize sweating in the ear.

[0046] 弹性硅橡胶圈19的造型,可以多种结构,比如弹性硅橡胶圈19可以设计成一个完整的橡胶圈,然后在橡胶圈中间预留通气孔,或者先做成一个完整的橡胶圈,然后在橡胶圈上再设置齿状或凸点,从而由凸点与耳壁进行弹性接触,这样使得耳壁与橡胶圈之间留有通气空间,从而提高人体舒适度。 [0046] The shape of elastic silicone rubber ring 19 may be a variety of structures, such as silicone rubber elastic ring 19 may be designed as a complete rubber ring, then set aside in the middle of the vent hole of the rubber ring, or to make a complete rubber ring , then the toothed ring provided on the rubber or bumps, so that the elastic contact bumps and the ear wall, such that the ventilation spaces left between the wall of the ear and the rubber ring, thereby improving human comfort. 弹性硅橡胶圈19的材料,可以采用医用弹性材料,例如具有生物相容性的、硬度小于60的娃胶制成。 Silicone rubber material for the elastic ring 19 may be made of medical elastomeric material, such as biocompatible, hardness of less than 60 made of plastic baby. 弹性娃橡胶圈截面外周长小于50_。 Baby outer elastic rubber ring section perimeter is less than 50_.

[0047] 本发明揭露的通用型铰结耳内助听器,由于将耳内助听器设计成前、中、后三部分,其中间部分由铰结连接装置组成,其铰结连接装置的角度可自由控制,使佩戴者佩戴舒适,这样就实现了适合不同耳道的患者使用的通用型刚性耳内助听器;此外,通过对前部的支架的设计,使其与耳壁之间保持有空隙,保证了耳内空气的流通,长时间佩戴也不易出汗,其扬声器靠近耳膜处,使传递的声音更清晰。 [0047] The present invention discloses the-ear hearing aid universal hinge junctions, since the-ear hearing aid designed to before, during and after the three parts, wherein the intermediate portion by a hinge junction connection device consisting of an angle which is hinged junction connection means can be freely controlled , so that the wearer comfortable to wear, thus achieving a rigid inner universal for different ear canal of a patient using a hearing aid; Further, the design of the front portion of the holder to keep a gap between the wall and the ear to ensure that the circulation of air within the ear, long wearing and easy to sweating, which is close to the eardrum speaker, so that sound transmission clearer. 机体外部还可以设置一弹性硅橡胶圈,使助听器与人体耳道始终保持弹性接触,佩戴稳定,避免在耳道肌肉运动时产生与助听器之间的相互滑动。 Outer body may also be provided with a resilient silicone rubber ring, the ear canal hearing aid with the body remains resilient contact, wear stability, to avoid mutual sliding between the muscle movement generated when the ear canal of the hearing aid.

[0048] 以上所述,仅为本发明的具体实施方式,但本发明的保护范围并不局限于此,任何熟悉本领域的技术人员在本发明所揭露的技术范围内,可不经过创造性劳动想到的变化或替换,都应涵盖在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0048] The above are only specific embodiments of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art within the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, may occur through the creative work variations or replacements shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention. 因此,本发明的保护范围应该以权利要求书所限定的保护范围为准。 Accordingly, the scope of the present invention should be defined by the claims scope of protection as defined prevail.

Claims (6)

1.一种通用型铰结耳内助听器,包括助听器的前部、中部和后部,所述助听器的前部包括扬声器,所述助听器的后部包括机体,所述助听器的中部包括声音传导装置,所述的声音传导装置为铰结连接装置,所述铰结连接装置的一端与助听器的前部相连接,另一端与助听器的后部相连接,其特征在于,所述的铰结连接装置的旋转角度可根据人体耳道生理解剖结构自由控制,所述的助听器的前部还包括弹性支架,扬声器全部或部分置放于支架的内部,所述的支架与耳道壁之间保持有空隙,所述的铰结连接装置为一个万向节或多个万向节串联的结构形式,所述的机体由功能组件及机体外壳组成,其功能组件设置于机体外壳的内部,其中,所述的功能组件由麦克风、芯片、电池、第一机构件、第二机构件、第三机构件及按钮所构成,所述的麦克风置于第一 A front portion of universal joint junction-ear hearing aid, comprising a hearing aid, middle and rear portion, said front portion includes a speaker of a hearing aid, said hearing aid comprising a body rear portion, the middle of the hearing aid comprises a sound conduction means the front portion, said hinge means is a sound conduction means connected to the junction, said hinge junction device connected to one end of the hearing aid is connected to the other end is connected to the rear portion of the hearing aid, characterized in that said hinge means connecting the junction the rotation angle can be freely controlled according to the human anatomy of the ear canal physiology, the front portion of the hearing aid further comprises an elastic holder, all or part of a speaker placed inside the stent, maintaining a gap between the bracket and the canal wall said hinge means is connected to the junction section or a section of a plurality of universal joint structure in series, by the functional components of the body shell and the body, whose functional components disposed inside the housing body, wherein said the functional component is composed of a microphone, a chip, a battery, a first mechanism member, a second mechanism member, the third member and the button means, the first microphone disposed 构件内,电池置于第三机构件内,第三机构件穿插于第一机构件中再与第二机构件相连接,使其连接形成一个整体的机构件,按钮的尾端通过插入第三机构件到达第一机构件的麦克风的尾端,与其相接触,芯片与机构件连接,置于电池的上方。 An inner member, disposed within the third cell member means, a third mechanism element is inserted in the first mechanism member connected to the second means further member, so that the connection means form an integral member, the trailing end inserted into the third through the button means reaches the trailing end member of the first microphone mechanism member, in contact therewith, the chip member with the connecting means, is placed above the battery.
2.根据权利要求1所述的通用型铰结耳内助听器,其特征在于,所述的铰结连接装置与助听器的前部为活动连接,与后部为固定连接。 The ear hearing aid according to a universal joint junction as claimed in claim wherein said front portion of the hinge junction device connected to the hearing aid for the active connection, is fixedly connected to the rear.
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的通用型铰结耳内助听器,其特征在于,所述的铰结连接装置由四个部件构成,分别为:第一部件、第二部件、第三部件和第四部件。 The ear hearing aid of claim 12 or universal hinge junction claim, wherein said hinge means is constituted by connecting four junction members, namely: a first member, a second member, the third member and a fourth member.
4.根据权利要求1所述的通用型铰结耳内助听器,其特征在于,所述的机体外壳材质为单一或复合型、医用级或非医用级、非金属或金属、弹性或非弹性材料。 The ear hearing aid of claim 1 to claim universal hinge junction, wherein said housing body is made of single or complex, or medical grade medical grade, non-metallic or metallic, elastic or resilient material .
5.根据权利要求1所述的通用型铰结耳内助听器,其特征在于,所述的机体尾部还设有一拉线或拉杆。 The ear hearing aid according to a universal joint as claimed in claim junction, characterized in that said end of the body further provided with a wire or rod.
6.根据权利要求1所述的通用型铰结耳内助听器,其特征在于,所述的机体外部设置有一个或数个弹性圈,或全部或局部被一个弹性罩包住,弹性圈或罩材质为单一或复合型、医用级或非医用级、非金属或金属弹性材料。 The ear hearing aid according to a universal joint as claimed in claim junction, characterized in that the outer body is provided with one or several of the elastic ring, or whole or in part encased by a resilient cover or lid elastic ring a single or composite material, medical grade non-medical grade, non-metal or metal elastic material.
CN 201010224585 2010-07-13 2010-07-13 Universal hinge in-the-ear hearing aid CN102264023B (en)

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US5572594A (en) * 1994-09-27 1996-11-05 Devoe; Lambert Ear canal device holder

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1176731A (en) 1994-12-29 1998-03-18 戴西伯仪器有限公司 Articulated hearing device

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