CN102259195A - Numerical control machine tool for processing workpiece by using blank of slender rod material - Google Patents

Numerical control machine tool for processing workpiece by using blank of slender rod material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102259195A
CN102259195A CN2011101913757A CN201110191375A CN102259195A CN 102259195 A CN102259195 A CN 102259195A CN 2011101913757 A CN2011101913757 A CN 2011101913757A CN 201110191375 A CN201110191375 A CN 201110191375A CN 102259195 A CN102259195 A CN 102259195A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
main shaft
tool
control machine
guide rail
machine tool
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011101913757A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张玉方
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANDONG NEW ECHOO SECCO CONTROL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SHANDONG NEW ECHOO SECCO CONTROL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHANDONG NEW ECHOO SECCO CONTROL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical SHANDONG NEW ECHOO SECCO CONTROL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN2011101913757A priority Critical patent/CN102259195A/en
Publication of CN102259195A publication Critical patent/CN102259195A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a numerical control machine tool, in particular to a numerical control machine tool for processing a workpiece by using a blank of a slender rod material. The numerical control machine tool mainly comprises a lathe body, wherein an electric spindle, a tool table, a servo device and a guide rail are arranged on the lathe body; the lathe body and the guide rail are an integrated casting piece; a spindle of the electric spindle is a hollow pipe; a synchronous guide device is arranged at one end of the electric spindle; an auxiliary spindle which is matched with the electric spindle is arranged on a lathe; the tool table is arranged between the electric spindle and the auxiliary spindle; the tool table comprises a front-row tool rest and a rear-row tool rest, which are parallel with each other; a clamp is arranged at a processing end of the electric spindle; a clamp body is cylindrical, a frustum cone-shaped clamp head is arranged at the front end of the clamp body, and a reverse frustum cone-shaped boss is arranged in the middle of the clamp body; and a pneumatically-driven compression sleeve is arranged on the boss. The numerical control machine tool for processing the workpiece by using the blank of the slender rod material is simple to use and high in degree of automation, can effectively improve machining accuracy, and particularly has the quite obvious performance advantage for processing of the rod material.

Description

A kind of Digit Control Machine Tool with elongated bar stock blank processing work
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Digit Control Machine Tool, specifically is a kind of Digit Control Machine Tool with elongated bar stock blank processing work.
Background technology
At present, along with people to using improving constantly of properties of product, in mechanical processing industry, also more and more higher to the requirement on machining accuracy of spare and accessory parts.Meticulousr in order to process, size is more accurate, most workpiece all adopts Digit Control Machine Tool production.Therefore for the design of Digit Control Machine Tool, need to strengthen its processing stability and improve its processing.Present lathe bed body mostly is the foundry goods assembly, and still, because the hardness of the foundry goods of individual cast and rigidity are variant, vibration alters a great deal, and has a strong impact on machining accuracy; When the Digit Control Machine Tool processing work, in order to reduce clamping repeatedly of workpiece, secondary main shaft is being set on the same Digit Control Machine Tool, make same the machine energy processing technology that is provided with as much as possible, but because blank is an elongated bar stock, cutting tool is vertical mutually with rotary main shaft, in the main shaft traverse feed process, under the effect of cutting tool, main shaft bears bigger side force, and therefore, this structure is not only brought power loss, vibrating noise to lathe, and tremble easily, influence the machining accuracy of blank feeding and lathe.Existing machine tool is not provided with synchronous guiding device, is used for assisting the axis feeding material, and to the processing and the derivation of workpiece.Tool table on the existing in addition Digit Control Machine Tool is not suitable for elongated bar stock processing, has brought very big difficulty for machining enterprise.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of Digit Control Machine Tool with elongated bar stock blank processing work in order to overcome the defective that above-mentioned prior art exists, and can effectively improve the machining accuracy and the speed of processing parts.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of Digit Control Machine Tool with elongated bar stock blank processing work, it mainly includes lathe bed body, the bed body is provided with electric main shaft, tool table and servomechanism installation, and described bed body is provided with guide rail, and bed body and guide rail are the monoblock cast part; The main shaft of described electric main shaft is a hollow pipe, and an end of electric main shaft is provided with synchronous guiding device; Described lathe is provided with the secondary main shaft that matches with electric main shaft; Described tool table is arranged between electric main shaft and the secondary main shaft, gang feed tool rack and back gang feed tool rack before tool table includes, and preceding gang feed tool rack is parallel to each other with described gang feed tool rack afterwards; The processing end of described electric main shaft is provided with anchor clamps, and chuck body is cylindrical, and front end is the truncated cone-shaped clamp head, and the centre is provided with the reverse frustoconic boss, and the clamping sleeve by pneumatic actuation is installed on the boss, and described clamping sleeve is arranged in the hollow spindle of electric main shaft.
Described synchronous guiding device comprises and the power transmission shaft of the parallel installation of electric main shaft that the two ends of power transmission shaft are provided with belt pulley, and the belt pulley at two ends is connected with driving wheel on the electric main shaft respectively at preceding guide pin bushing by belt.Guide pin bushing and electric main shaft are on same axis before described.
Described secondary main shaft is rotatable sleeve pipe, but an end of secondary main shaft is the bare terminal end of clamping workpiece, and the other end is provided with air clamper, and secondary main shaft is provided with belt pulley and gear; Described secondary main shaft bottom is provided with rail plate I and guide rail II, and described guide rail I is fixed on the lathe, and secondary main shaft and guide rail II can be slided along the guide rail I jointly, and secondary main shaft can slide on the guide rail II, is equipped with turn-screw on described guide rail II and the secondary main shaft.
The cutter of gang feed tool rack is vertical with the cutter antarafacial of described back gang feed tool rack before described, and a side of back gang feed tool rack is provided with three-tool post.
The cutter of described three-tool post is vertical with the cutter antarafacial of described preceding gang feed tool rack.
The cutter of gang feed tool rack is rotatable cutting tool before described, and the cutter of described back gang feed tool rack is rotatable cutting tool.
For convenience of the part that fast processing processes, described lathe is provided with the material conveyer.
Described material conveyer comprises conveyer belt and the motor that is arranged on the lathe, one end of described lathe is provided with discharging opening, the discharging opening place is provided with motor, and motor links to each other with the driven roller of described conveyer belt, and the below of discharging opening is provided with the receiver of collecting the product that machines.
The beneficial effect of this programme can be learnt according to above-mentioned: because the bed body is provided with guide rail, bed body and guide rail are the monoblock cast part, can improve the rigidity of lathe bed, help improving machining accuracy.The electricity main shaft is provided with synchronous guiding device, makes electric motion of main shaft more steady.The main shaft of electricity main shaft is a hollow pipe, is fit to elongated bar stock is put into hollow spindle, is convenient to processing.One end of electricity main shaft is provided with synchronous guiding device, has solved the rigidity defect of insufficient of elongated bar stock.
Lathe is provided with the secondary main shaft that matches with electric main shaft, described secondary main shaft bottom is provided with rail plate I and guide rail II, described guide rail I is fixed on the body, secondary main shaft and guide rail II can be slided along the guide rail I jointly, and secondary main shaft can slide on the guide rail II, be equipped with turn-screw on described guide rail II and the secondary main shaft, make to make the freely-movable on horizontal and vertical of secondary main shaft, improved the working ability of secondary main shaft.
The processing end of electricity main shaft is provided with anchor clamps, chuck body is cylindrical, front end is the truncated cone-shaped clamp head, and the centre is provided with the reverse frustoconic boss, and described chuck body is provided with the tensioning seam, the reverse frustoconic boss that is provided with of chuck body wherein, play fixation in direction of feed, the clamping sleeve by pneumatic actuation is installed on the boss, described clamping sleeve is arranged in the hollow spindle of electric main shaft, make to clamp bar device compactness more, reduce the lathe volume.
Gang feed tool rack and back gang feed tool rack before tool table is provided with, preceding gang feed tool rack and described back gang feed tool rack are parallel to each other; Tool table adopts many gang feed tool racks, and many gang feed tool racks are positioned at different planes, makes numerically controlled lathe can process the very little workpiece of volume and the art work etc.Cutter on many gang feed tool racks of tool table can be operated simultaneously, cooperatively interact, thereby workpiece that can form processing is more, structure is more complicated has meanwhile also improved the operating efficiency of numerically controlled lathe.
One end of lathe is provided with conveyer, the workpiece that processes can be derived automatically, makes lathe processing work continuously, has improved working (machining) efficiency.The workpiece that machines can be concentrated in together, make things convenient for next step cleaning or processing.
This shows that the present invention compared with prior art has substantive distinguishing features and progress, the beneficial effect of its enforcement also is conspicuous.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the synchronous guide device structure schematic diagram of electric main shaft.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of workpiece pinching end on the electric main shaft.
Fig. 4 is the structural scheme of mechanism of lathe conveyer.
Among the figure: 1, bed body, 2, the guide rail I, 3, guiding device synchronously, 4, magnetic coil, 5, electric main shaft, 6, Servocontrol device, 7, secondary main shaft, 8, receiver, 9, motor, 10, conveyer belt, 11, the guide rail II, 12, pneumatic means, 13 three-tool posts, 14, preceding gang feed tool rack, 15, the back gang feed tool rack, 16, discharging opening, 17, shell, 21, belt pulley, 22, power transmission shaft, 23, preceding guide pin bushing, 24, driving wheel, 25, back-moving spring, 26, boss, 27, gripping sleeve.
The specific embodiment:
For clearly demonstrating the technical characterstic of this programme, with reference to the accompanying drawings the specific embodiment of the invention is described further below:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of Digit Control Machine Tool with elongated bar stock blank processing work, it mainly includes lathe bed body, and the bed body is provided with electric main shaft, tool table and servomechanism installation, and described bed body is provided with the guide rail I, and bed body and guide rail I are the monoblock cast part; Described electric main shaft is provided with synchronous guiding device; Gang feed tool rack and back gang feed tool rack before described tool table is provided with, preceding gang feed tool rack and described back gang feed tool rack are parallel to each other; Described lathe is provided with the secondary main shaft that matches with electric main shaft.As shown in Figure 3, the processing end of described electric main shaft is provided with anchor clamps, and chuck body is cylindrical, front end is the truncated cone-shaped clamp head, the centre is provided with the reverse frustoconic boss, and electric main shaft is provided with the gripping sleeve that matches with boss, and described clamping sleeve is arranged in the hollow spindle of electric main shaft.
As shown in Figure 2, synchronously guiding device includes the power transmission shaft with the parallel installation of electric main shaft, and the two ends of power transmission shaft are provided with belt pulley, and the belt pulley at two ends is connected with driving wheel on the electric main shaft respectively at preceding guide pin bushing by belt.Guide pin bushing and electric main shaft are on same axis before described.
As shown in Figure 1, secondary main shaft is rotatable sleeve pipe, but an end of secondary main shaft is the bare terminal end of clamping workpiece, and the other end is provided with air clamper, and secondary main shaft is provided with belt pulley and gear; Described secondary main shaft bottom is provided with rail plate I and guide rail II, described guide rail I is fixed on the body, secondary main shaft and guide rail II can be jointly along the longitudinal sliding motions of guide rail I, and secondary main shaft can laterally slide on the guide rail II, are equipped with turn-screw on described guide rail II and the secondary main shaft.The cutter of gang feed tool rack is vertical with the cutter antarafacial of described back gang feed tool rack before described, and a side of back gang feed tool rack is provided with three-tool post.The cutter of three-tool post is vertical with the cutter antarafacial of described preceding gang feed tool rack.The cutter of preceding gang feed tool rack is rotatable cutting tool, and the cutter of back gang feed tool rack is rotatable cutting tool.
As shown in Figure 4, lathe is provided with the material conveyer, the material conveyer comprises conveyer belt and the motor that is arranged on the lathe, one end of described lathe is provided with discharging opening, the discharging opening place is provided with motor, motor links to each other with the driven roller of described conveyer belt, and the below of discharging opening is provided with the receiver of collecting the product that machines.

Claims (8)

1. Digit Control Machine Tool with elongated bar stock blank processing work, it mainly includes lathe bed body, and a bed body is provided with electric main shaft, tool table and servomechanism installation, it is characterized in that: described bed body is provided with guide rail, and bed body and guide rail are the monoblock cast part; The main shaft of described electric main shaft is a hollow pipe, and an end of electric main shaft is provided with synchronous guiding device; Described lathe is provided with the secondary main shaft that matches with electric main shaft; Described tool table is arranged between electric main shaft and the secondary main shaft, gang feed tool rack and back gang feed tool rack before tool table includes, and preceding gang feed tool rack is parallel to each other with described gang feed tool rack afterwards; The processing end of described electric main shaft is provided with anchor clamps, and chuck body is cylindrical, and front end is the truncated cone-shaped clamp head, and the centre is provided with the reverse frustoconic boss, and the clamping sleeve by pneumatic actuation is installed on the boss, and described clamping sleeve is arranged in the hollow spindle of electric main shaft.
2. the Digit Control Machine Tool with elongated bar stock blank processing work according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described synchronous guiding device comprises the power transmission shaft with the parallel installation of electric main shaft, the two ends of power transmission shaft are provided with belt pulley, the belt pulley at two ends is connected with driving wheel on the electric main shaft respectively at preceding guide pin bushing by belt, described before guide pin bushing and electric main shaft on same axis.
3. the Digit Control Machine Tool with elongated bar stock blank processing work according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described secondary main shaft is rotatable sleeve pipe, but an end of secondary main shaft is the bare terminal end of clamping workpiece, and the other end is provided with air clamper, and secondary main shaft is provided with belt pulley and gear; Described secondary main shaft bottom is provided with rail plate I and guide rail II, and described guide rail I is fixed on the body, and secondary main shaft and guide rail II can be slided along the guide rail I jointly, and secondary main shaft can slide on the guide rail II, and described guide rail II and guide rail I are equipped with turn-screw.
4. the Digit Control Machine Tool with elongated bar stock blank processing work according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the cutter of gang feed tool rack is vertical with the cutter antarafacial of described back gang feed tool rack before described, and a side of back gang feed tool rack is provided with three-tool post.
5. the Digit Control Machine Tool with elongated bar stock blank processing work according to claim 4 is characterized in that: the cutter of described three-tool post is vertical with the cutter antarafacial of described preceding gang feed tool rack.
6. the Digit Control Machine Tool with elongated bar stock blank processing work according to claim 5 is characterized in that: the cutter of gang feed tool rack is rotatable cutting tool before described, and the cutter of described back gang feed tool rack is rotatable cutting tool.
7. the Digit Control Machine Tool with elongated bar stock blank processing work according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described lathe is provided with the material conveyer.
8. the Digit Control Machine Tool with elongated bar stock blank processing work according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described material conveyer comprises conveyer belt and the motor that is arranged on the lathe, one end of described lathe is provided with discharging opening, the discharging opening place is provided with motor, motor links to each other with the driven roller of described conveyer belt, and the below of discharging opening is provided with the receiver of collecting the product that machines.
CN2011101913757A 2011-07-09 2011-07-09 Numerical control machine tool for processing workpiece by using blank of slender rod material Pending CN102259195A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102430768A (en) * 2011-12-01 2012-05-02 大连机床(数控)股份有限公司 Lathe with auxiliary spindle

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3978565A (en) * 1973-09-14 1976-09-07 Eunipp Ag Multiple-spindle machine tool
US5207135A (en) * 1992-09-01 1993-05-04 The National Acme Company Multispindle lathe and method for machining workpieces
CN1450941A (en) * 2000-03-10 2003-10-22 时至准钟表股份有限公司 Numerically controlled lathe and method of machining work using this numerically controlled lathe
CN1454129A (en) * 2000-09-22 2003-11-05 西铁城时计株式会社 Automatic lathe
CN200984647Y (en) * 2006-12-27 2007-12-05 清远市荣晋精机科技有限公司 Numerically controlling automatic lathe
CN201220277Y (en) * 2008-07-12 2009-04-15 中山市中台精密数控车床有限公司 Precise NC lathe
CN101454101A (en) * 2006-04-07 2009-06-10 史蒂文·S·米亚诺 Compact high precision multiple spindle computer controlled machine tool
CN201427188Y (en) * 2009-07-01 2010-03-24 天津市孚润得机械有限公司 Square machine tool of multifunctional numerical control lathe
CN101912978A (en) * 2010-08-12 2010-12-15 延陵精密电子(昆山)有限公司 Lathe synchronous rotating type guide sleeve seat device
CN202239659U (en) * 2011-07-09 2012-05-30 山东新安凯科控科技有限公司 Numerical control machine using long and thin bar blanks to process workpieces

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3978565A (en) * 1973-09-14 1976-09-07 Eunipp Ag Multiple-spindle machine tool
US5207135A (en) * 1992-09-01 1993-05-04 The National Acme Company Multispindle lathe and method for machining workpieces
CN1450941A (en) * 2000-03-10 2003-10-22 时至准钟表股份有限公司 Numerically controlled lathe and method of machining work using this numerically controlled lathe
CN1454129A (en) * 2000-09-22 2003-11-05 西铁城时计株式会社 Automatic lathe
CN101454101A (en) * 2006-04-07 2009-06-10 史蒂文·S·米亚诺 Compact high precision multiple spindle computer controlled machine tool
CN200984647Y (en) * 2006-12-27 2007-12-05 清远市荣晋精机科技有限公司 Numerically controlling automatic lathe
CN201220277Y (en) * 2008-07-12 2009-04-15 中山市中台精密数控车床有限公司 Precise NC lathe
CN201427188Y (en) * 2009-07-01 2010-03-24 天津市孚润得机械有限公司 Square machine tool of multifunctional numerical control lathe
CN101912978A (en) * 2010-08-12 2010-12-15 延陵精密电子(昆山)有限公司 Lathe synchronous rotating type guide sleeve seat device
CN202239659U (en) * 2011-07-09 2012-05-30 山东新安凯科控科技有限公司 Numerical control machine using long and thin bar blanks to process workpieces

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102430768A (en) * 2011-12-01 2012-05-02 大连机床(数控)股份有限公司 Lathe with auxiliary spindle
CN102430768B (en) * 2011-12-01 2015-11-18 大连机床(数控)股份有限公司 There is the lathe of secondary main shaft

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