CN102255661A - Subminiature programmable optical communication module for intelligent power grid - Google Patents

Subminiature programmable optical communication module for intelligent power grid Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102255661A
CN102255661A CN2011101551582A CN201110155158A CN102255661A CN 102255661 A CN102255661 A CN 102255661A CN 2011101551582 A CN2011101551582 A CN 2011101551582A CN 201110155158 A CN201110155158 A CN 201110155158A CN 102255661 A CN102255661 A CN 102255661A
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China
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module
led
data
signal
optical
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CN2011101551582A
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Chinese (zh)
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胡保民
郑直
叶勇刚
任波
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武汉长光科技有限公司
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Publication of CN102255661A publication Critical patent/CN102255661A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a subminiature programmable optical communication module (300). The subminiature programmable optical communication module (300) comprises an optical transmit-receive module interface component (301), a laser driver/amplitude-limiting amplifier (302) and a PON MAC (Passive Optical Network Multi-access Computer) chip (303) which are connected with each other in turn, wherein the PON MAC chip (303) is connected to a connector (306). The subminiature programmable optical communication module has small volume and low power consumption, is programmable, and can be combined with an optical compound low-voltage cable process for thoroughly solving the problem of information interaction between a terminal user of an intelligent power grid and a large amount of future used electricity.

Description

A kind of microminiature programmable optical communication module that is used for intelligent grid
Technical field
The present invention relates to the intelligent grid power information and gather the field, be specifically related to a kind of microminiature programmable optical communication module.
Background technology
Intelligent grid plan (Smart power grid plan) is that the China national grid company was announced first on May 21st, 2009, have in it: strong intelligent grid is based on strong rack, with communication information platform is support, with the Based Intelligent Control is means, each link of generating, transmission of electricity, power transformation, distribution, electricity consumption and scheduling that comprises electric power system, cover all electric pressures, realizing the height integral fusion of " flow of power, information flow, Business Stream ", is strong reliable, economical and efficient, clean environment firendly, transparent opening, friendly interactive modern power network.
Intelligent grid is to be based upon on the basis of integrated, high-speed bidirectional communication network, sensing and measuring technique, advanced equipment and technology, advanced person's control method and advanced person's DSS The Application of Technology by the advanced person, realize reliable, the safety, economy of electrical network, efficient, environmental friendliness and target safe in utilization, its principal character comprises self-healing, encourages and comprises the user, resists attacks, the quality of power supply that satisfies the 21 century user's request is provided, the optimization of the access of allowing various different forms of electricity generation, startup electricity market and assets efficiently moves.
Traditional communication mode, by the channel medium branch, common communication has modes such as electric line carrier communication, telephone wire communication and wireless telecommunications, and concrete property is as follows.
A) power line is implemented carrier communication, does not need reinvestment to lay communication line, the input of not only can economizing on the use of funds greatly, and also have the little characteristics of maintenance, but transmission range is limited, and disturbed easily.
B) because phone is popularized at the rapid of cities and towns, utilizing existing telephone network to carry out data communication is a cost-effective scheme.Utilize the telephone network communication, only need to install modulator-demodulator additional at data concentrator and working main station place and get final product, its transmission rate can reach 56Kbps.But the circuit of telephone wire communication is longer turn-on time, generally wants several seconds to tens seconds, and speed is low excessively in addition, can not carry out the valued added applications of other two-forties.Also have, the vast rural area of China, samll cities and towns also do not popularize phone.
C) for the concentrator that distribute to disperse, utilizing wireless mode to carry out data communication is a kind ofly to select as 230M small wireless technology preferably, but wireless communication mode needs the careful selection frequency, and needs apply for the frequency right to use.If use GPRS/WCDMA (general packet radio service/Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA)) or CDMA 1X/EVDO mobile public networks such as (code division multiple access 1X/Evolution Data Only), there are the expensive usage charges of indoor covering dead angle and needs payment again.
To sum up, traditional communication mode is disturbed easily because channel medium is a shared resource, is difficult to reach the requirement of power information acquisition system transmission data accuracy, reliability and real-time.
The communication unit that traditional used for intelligent electric network power utilization information collection system uses mostly is carrier communication module, GPRS/CDMA communication module, network communication module (Fast Ethernet), 230M station telecommunication module, PSTN (PSTN) communication module greatly.All there is above-mentioned shortcoming in these communication units.In this case, adopt optical fiber communication to have outstanding advantage, volume is big, power consumption is big, the problem of upgrading inconvenience yet general optical communications module has.PON (EPON) technology has obtained using widely at carrier market and broadcasting and TV market, it is introduced into electricity market can overcomes above difficulty, thoroughly solve reliability and the real-time that power information is gathered, and the bandwidth that broad can be provided is to provide other valued added applications such as IP video monitoring etc.Traditional PON optical module only can provide photoelectric converting function, and can't provide can be for the direct network interface that uses of client.Then there is the realization difficulty in the PON communication module of State Grid Corporation of China's company standard definition, to size and power constraints problem of higher.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: a kind of microminiature programmable optical communication module that is used for intelligent grid is provided, little, the low-power consumption of this module volume, can also programme, use this module and can solve the intelligent grid terminal use up hill and dale and insert and following a large amount of mutual problems of power information in conjunction with Optical Fiber Composite low-voltage cable technology.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: a kind of microminiature programmable optical communication module that is used for intelligent grid, described optical communications module comprises optical transceiver module interface module, laser driver/limiting amplifier and the PON MAC chip that links to each other successively, and PON MAC chip also is connected to connector.
Described module, laser driver/limiting amplifier also are connected to the I2C electricity erasable memorizer, and PON MAC chip is connected to serial flash.
Described module, the encapsulation of connector and overall optical communication module adopt SFF, SFP, SFP+, CSFF, CSFP, XFP, XENPACK, 1 * 9 or GBIC.
Described module also is provided with analog to digital converter and microcontroller in laser driver/limiting amplifier.
Described module, the up optical line terminal that is connected to of described optical communications module descendingly is connected to concentrator, collector, specially becomes acquisition terminal, single-phase intelligent ammeter or three-phase intelligent ammeter.
Described module, PON MAC chip provides LED signal, GPIO, UART serial ports, reset signal or network signal.
Described module, described communication module is circumscribed with the DC-DC power supply, also is connected to the MOS switching tube on the DC-DC power supply.
Described module, network signal adopts 10/100BASE-TX, 10/100/1000BASE-T, 10/100/1000/10GBASE-T or SGMII.
Advantage of the present invention: this module volume is little, low in energy consumption, able to programme, uses this module and can solve the intelligent grid terminal use up hill and dale in conjunction with Optical Fiber Composite low-voltage cable technology and insert and following a large amount of mutual problems of power information.Traditional power information acquisition tables meter producer uses this patent can realize the optical fiber communication unit of various power information acquisition terminals very easily.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a use scene of the present invention, is mainly used in the power information collection.
Fig. 2 is a module of the present invention position schematic diagram, and wherein microminiature programmable optical communication module is arranged in the built in light communication unit of various acquiring electric energy information terminals.
Fig. 3 is a module principle of compositionality schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the module pin distribution diagram of a realization example of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the module pin distribution diagram of another realization example of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is that the collector communication unit adopts the present invention to realize schematic diagram.
Fig. 7 is that the concentrator communication unit adopts the present invention to realize schematic diagram.
Fig. 8 specially becomes the acquisition terminal communication unit to adopt the present invention to realize schematic diagram.
Fig. 9 is that single-phase intelligent ammeter communication unit adopts the present invention to realize schematic diagram.
Figure 10 is that three-phase intelligent ammeter communication unit adopts the present invention to realize schematic diagram.
Embodiment
The invention provides a kind of microminiature programmable optical communication module (as making SFF (little encapsulation) 2 * 10 encapsulation or SFP (hot-swappable little encapsulation) encapsulation), the communication unit of the various power information acquisition terminals of simple realization (contain concentrator, collector, specially become acquisition terminal, three-phase intelligent ammeter, single-phase intelligent ammeter) very on this basis, realize the function of complete ONU (optical network unit) and network interface, debugging (programming) serial ports, communication serial port and other interfaces are provided in less size, and size is little, and is low in energy consumption.This subminiature module can also can be carried out local programming by network interface or serial ports by PON mouth long-range (as upgrading, configuration) able to programme.This is very favorable for power information collecting device manufacturer, and they can develop the optical fiber communication unit that replaces the traditional communication unit based on this module fast under the situation that does not have PON network professional knowledge.Little, the low-power consumption of optical communications module volume of the present invention can also be programmed, and uses this module and can solve the intelligent grid terminal use up hill and dale in conjunction with Optical Fiber Composite low-voltage cable technology and insert and following a large amount of mutual problems of power information.
Below explanation can enable those skilled in the art to use and make the present invention, and the following description is in specific application and required environment thereof.To one skilled in the art, various modifications to design disclosed in this invention are conspicuous, and the application or the environment/scene (as application such as colliery, railways, and for example EPON (Ethernet passive optical network), 10GEPON (10G bit Ethernet passive optical network), GPON (gigabit passive optical network), XGPON (PON that the 10G bit is above) and WDMPON (wavelength division multiplexing type EPON) etc.) that can be used for other based on principle disclosed by the invention.Therefore the present invention is not limited to hereinafter described concrete enforcement scene and execution mode, and is intended to contain the most wide in range scope of disclosed principle of the present invention and feature.
An embodiment of the invention provide a kind of microminiature programmable optical communication module that is used for intelligent grid.This module comprises: optical transceiver module interface module (BOSA), laser driver/limiting amplifier (LDD/LIA), I2C electricity erasable memorizer (I2C EEPROM), PON MAC (media store visit) chip, serial flash (SPI Flash), SFF 2 * 10 similar interfaces or the similar interface of SFP can be built in similar SFF 2 * 10 or the SFP compact package.This module can be finished PON light signal conversion process and output/input other state/control or index signals to network interface signal and serial ports, and finishes with the communication protocol of the point-to-multipoint of the OLT of the far-end first line of a couplet and handle.But characteristics such as volume is little, the little online programming of power consumption that this module has can be widely used in the communication unit of intelligent grid power information acquisition terminal.
Wherein the optical transceiver module assembly be used for receiving and send from/mail to the light signal of OLT (optical line terminal).Laser driver/amplitude limit amplification is used for the driven for emitting lights diode and reception diode is carried out amplitude limit through preposition amplifying signal amplify.Laser driver/limiting amplifier chip is also integrated analog to digital converter and microcontroller is to provide temperature negative feedback and other supervisory circuits.The I2C electricity erasable memorizer is used to deposit control and the state and the warning information of optical transceiver module.PECL/CML (the Positive Emitter-Coupled Logic/Current Mode Logic) signal that PON MAC chip is used to finish optical transceiver module (comprising optical transceiver module interface module, laser driver/limiting amplifier, I2C electricity erasable memorizer) output is to the conversion process of network signal (10/100BASE-TX) and serial ports and export other states or index signal, and finishes the communication protocol processing with the point-to-multipoint of the OLT of the far-end first line of a couplet.Serial flash is used for storing the startup configuration parameter and the program file of PON MAC chip.Microminiature programmable optical communication module also comprises the similar connector of a SFF 2 * 10 similar connector/SFP in addition.By the similar connector of SFF 2 * 10 similar connector/SFP, microminiature programmable optical communication module can provide LED (light-emitting diode) signal, GPIO (general input and output), debugging and the UART that communicates by letter (universal asynchronous reception/dispensing device) serial ports, reset signal, network signal.Wherein: debugging UART serial ports or network interface can be realized able to programme; Communication serial port and network interface can offer telex network and use; Reset signal (RST) can send reset signal and use or receive extraneous this module of reseting signal reset to the external world; General input and output (GPIO) signal can be used for control or output state or receive control; The LED index signal can be used for external LED provides for example indication informations such as PON, LOS, ACT, LINK.The above-mentioned optical transceiver module interface module of mentioning, laser driver/limiting amplifier, I2C electricity erasable memorizer, PON MAC chip, serial flash are included in the microminiature encapsulation that is similar to SFF 2 * 10 or SFP, thereby can be used for optical communication element or other occasions of various power information acquisition terminals.
In the modification of embodiment of the present invention, can also adopt the encapsulation of similar SFF 2 * 5, can provide the number of signals function corresponding that tails off also can reduce like this.Except that SFF and SFP encapsulation, the distortion of present embodiment can also be adopted and be similar to SFP+, CSFF (Compact SFF), CSFP (Compact SFP), XFP (10Gigabit Small Form Factor Pluggable), XENPACK, 1 * 9, GBIC encapsulation such as (hot plug gigabit interfaces).
In the modification of embodiment of the present invention, network signal can also provide with the form of 10/100/1000BASE-T or the form of 10/100/1000/10GBASE-T or SGMII (Serial Gigabit Media Independent Interface).Behind the network interface that adopts 10/100/1000BASE-T or 10/100/1000/10GBASE-T form, need to take 8 holding wires, and 10/100BASE-TX or SGMI I signal only need 4 holding wires.Can take other holding wires like this and reduce correlation function.
In the modification of embodiment of the present invention, optical transceiver module assembly (BOSA) also can be realized with the combining form of TOSA (optical transmission module assembly)+ROSA (Optical Receivers assembly) of separating or the combining form of LD (laser diode)+PD (photodiode)+TIA (trans-impedance amplifier).
In the distortion of embodiment of the present invention, laser driver (LDD)/limiting amplifier (LIA) (built-in analog to digital converter (ADC) and microcontroller (μ C)) also can be realized with four assemblies of the LDD+LIA+ADC+ μ C that separates or the multiple combining form of three assemblies or two assemblies.
In the distortion of embodiment of the present invention, PON MAC chip can be the chip of integrated phy chip (PHY) or SERDES (serial-to-parallel conversion), the chip of also external PHY or SERDES.
In the modification of embodiment of the present invention, being connected to the signal (network signal, rs 232 serial interface signal, GPIO, LED index signal) of connector can combination in any or cut out.
Typically, microminiature programmable optical communication module 300 can be realized by the chip of following model: BOSA 301 can adopt PLDM585-169L or PLDM585-269 or DBD-F3T243XX-X, LDD/LIA 302 can adopt PHY1078 or PHY2078, PON MAC chip 303 can adopt AR8829, I2C EEPROM 304 can adopt AT24C02, and serial flash 305 can adopt MX25L1605D.Wherein: interconnected between BOSA 301 and the LDD/LIA 302, LDD/LIA 302 and I2C EEPROM 304 adopt the I2C interface interconnected, and 303 of LDD/LIA 302 and PON MAC chips use PECL/CML data-signal and control signal (TX_DIS), status signal (SD/LOS) and I2C interface to carry out interconnected.Adopt the SPI interface to carry out interconnected between PON MAC chip and the serial flash.
Use scene of the present invention:
Fig. 1 illustrated based on the power information collection network of passive optical network PON technology, comprises the acquisition system main website of far-end, middle EPON and power information acquisition terminal (contain concentrator, collector, specially become acquisition terminal, three-phase intelligent ammeter, single-phase intelligent ammeter etc.).
Fig. 2 has illustrated the position in the present invention's network of living in, general concentrator 203, collector 204, specially become acquisition terminal 205, single-phase intelligent ammeter 206, three-phase intelligent ammeter 207 built-in pluggable communication unit, microminiature programmable optical communication module of the present invention can be built-in or plug on communication unit.These power information acquisition terminals also can directly adopt microminiature programmable optical communication module and without the communication unit transition.These power information acquisition terminals communicate by microminiature programmable optical communication module and optical line terminal (OLT) 201, and then carry out alternately with upper level acquisition system main website more.
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 have only illustrated the present invention to be used for the collection of intelligent grid power information, and this invention can also be used for the distribution communication terminal, and network interface and/or serial ports (external transceiver can be realized RS232 or RS485 interface) can be provided.Except that the intelligent grid field, need can also be used to the field (as coal, railway) of network interface and/or serial ports.
Microminiature programmable optical communication module of the present invention:
Fig. 3 has provided a kind of structure of microminiature programmable optical communication module 300 and has formed, and this module adopts the encapsulation of similar SFF 2 * 10 or SFP.Have characteristics such as size is little, power consumption is little, rich interface.This module comprises: optical transceiver module interface module (BOSA) 301, laser driver/limiting amplifier (LDD/LIA) 302, I2C electricity erasable memorizer (I2C EEPROM) 304, PON MAC chip 303, serial flash (SPI Flash) 305, SFF 2 * 10 similar interfaces or the similar interface 306 of SFP.Wherein optical transceiver module assembly 301 be used to receive and send from/mail to the light signal of OLT 201.Laser driver/limiting amplifier 302 is used for the driven for emitting lights diode and reception diode is carried out amplitude limit through preposition amplifying signal amplify.Laser driver/limiting amplifier chip 302 is also integrated analog to digital converter ADC and microcontroller μ C, ADC is used for linking to each other with LIA with BOSA and LDD with μ C, with temperature negative feedback and other monitoring functions that the optical module running parameter is provided.I2C electricity erasable memorizer 304 is used to deposit control and the state and the warning information of optical transceiver module.The PECL/CML signal that PON MAC chip 303 is used to finish optical transceiver module (comprising optical transceiver module interface module 301, laser driver/limiting amplifier 302, I2C electricity erasable memorizer 304) output is to the conversion process of network signal (10/100BASE-TX) and serial ports and export other states or index signal, and finishes the communication protocol processing with the point-to-multipoint of the OLT 201 of the far-end first line of a couplet.Serial flash 305 is used for storing the startup configuration parameter and the program file of PON MAC chip 303.Microminiature programmable optical communication module also comprises the similar connector 306 of a SFF 2 * 10 similar connector/SFP in addition.By the similar connector 306 of SFF 2 * 10 similar connector/SFP, microminiature programmable optical communication module 300 can provide LED signal (LEDs), GPIO (GPIOs), debugging and the UART serial ports of communicating by letter (comprising UART0~2 among Fig. 3), reset signal RST, network signal (RX, TX etc.).Wherein: the optical fiber interface that BOSA 301 provides can be realized this module long-range able to programme from OLT 201 sides; Debugging UART serial ports or network interface can be realized local able to programme; Communication serial port and network interface can offer the use of communicating by letter of user/power information acquisition terminal; Reset signal (RST) can send reset signal and use or receive extraneous this module of reseting signal reset to the external world; General input and output (GPIO) signal can be used for control or output state or receive control; The LED index signal can be used for external LED provides for example PON, LOS, ACT, LINK indication informations such as (these all are the general indicator lights of PON terminal).The above-mentioned optical transceiver module interface module of mentioning, laser driver/limiting amplifier, I2C electricity erasable memorizer, PONMAC chip, serial flash are included in the microminiature encapsulation that is similar to SFF 2 * 10 or SFP, thereby can be used for optical communication element or other occasions of various power information acquisition terminals.
Transmitting between optical transceiver module interface module 301, the laser driver/limiting amplifier 302 has TX, RX signal, and transmitting between laser driver/limiting amplifier 302, the PON MAC chip 303 has TX, RX, TX DIS (the burst control signal of TX), SD (Signal Detect), I2C signal etc.The I2C signal also can and I2C electricity erasable memorizer 304 between interaction.Among Fig. 3, optical communications module 300 external power supply signals are PWR.
Fig. 4 and table 1 provide a kind of delighted pin distribution schematic diagram of microminiature programmable optical of similar SFF 2 * 10 encapsulation.Fig. 4 is vertical view (Top View).Different with SFF standard pin assignments, in order to draw more rich interface, original SFF 2 * 10 pin assignments are changed, serial ports (pin1-4 and pin19-20) and LED index signal (pin8/16/17/18), GPIO (pin17), RST reset signal (pin5) have been introduced, Tx_DATA+/-and RX_DATA+/-also having become network data signals (10/100BASE-TX), power supply signal then remains unchanged.
Table 1
PIN Function PIN Function
1 UART0_TX 11 VCC
2 UART0_RX 12 VEE
3 UART1_TX 13 GPIO
4 UART1_RX 14 TX_DATA+
5 RST 15 TX_DATA-
6 VEE 16 PON_LED
7 VCC 17 ETH_ACT_LED
8 SD/LOS_LED 18 ETH_LINK_LED
9 RX_DATA- 19 UART2_TX
10 RX_DATA+ 20 UART2_RX
Wherein, UART0_TX, UART1_TX, UART2_TX is respectively UART0, UART1, the transmission signal of UART3, UART0_RX, UART1_RX, UART3_RX is respectively UART0, UART1, the received signal of UART3, VEE, VCC is respectively ground (GND) and anodal (as the 3.3V) of power supply, SD/LOS_LED represents that the acquisition of signal/dropout prompting in the LED lamp is used to indicate the SD/LOS of PON mouth, RX_DATA+/-positive and negative terminal of network received signal represented respectively, Tx_DATA+/-represent that respectively the positive and negative terminal of network signaling, PON_LED represent that the PON mouth registration prompting in the LED lamp is used to indicate the PON mouth whether to finish registration, ETH_ACT_LED, ETH_LINK_LED represents the ACT in the LED lamp respectively, the LINK signal is used to indicate the active and connection status of network data interface.
Fig. 5 and table 2 have provided a kind of delighted pin distribution schematic diagram of microminiature programmable optical of the SFP of being similar to encapsulation.Fig. 5 is followed successively by vertical view (Top View of Board), front view, upward view (Bottom View of Board) from top to bottom.Different with SFP standard pin assignments, in order to draw more rich interface, original SFP pin assignments is changed, serial ports (pin1-6) and LED index signal (pin8/14/15/16), GPIO (pin17), RST reset signal (pin9) have been introduced, Tx_DATA+/-and RX_DATA+/-also having become network data signals (10/100BASE-TX), power supply signal has also carried out cutting and has only kept pin1/10/11/20.This module is still supported hot plug.
Table 2
PIN Function PIN Function
1 VCC 11 VEE
2 UART0_TX 12 RX_DATA-
3 UART0_RX 13 RX_DATA+
4 UART1_TX 14 PON_LED
5 UART1_RX 15 ETH_ACT_LED
6 UART2_TX 16 ETH_LINK_LED
7 UART2_RX 17 GPIO
8 SD/LOS_LED 18 TX_DATA+
9 RST 19 TX_DATA-
10 VCC 20 VEE
It is noted that Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 example to the pin assignments of SFF and the minimum change of the original standard of SFP, but it is evident that other execution modes of the present invention can simply carry out in proper order or the adjustment of quantity pin assignments.
Although it is noted that the present invention only example similar SFF 2 * 10 and SFP encapsulation, can also adopt the encapsulation of similar SFF 2 * 5, can provide the number of signals function corresponding that tails off also can reduce like this.Except that SFF and SFP encapsulation, the distortion of present embodiment can also be adopted and be similar to SFP+, CSFF, CSFP, XFP, encapsulation such as XENPACK, 1 * 9, GBIC.
It is noted that network data signals can also provide with the form of 10/100/1000BASE-T or the form of 10/100/1000/10GBASE-T or SGMII.Behind the network interface that adopts 10/100/1000BASE-T or 10/100/1000/10GBASE-T form, need to take 8 holding wires, and 10/100BASE-TX or SGMII signal only need 4 holding wires.Can take other holding wires like this and reduce correlation function.
It is noted that optical transceiver module assembly (BOSA) also can realize with the combining form of the TOSA+ROSA that separates or the combining form of LD+PD+TIA.
It is noted that laser driver (LDD)/limiting amplifier (LIA) (built-in analog to digital converter (ADC) and microcontroller (μ C)) also can realize with four assemblies of the LDD+LIA+ADC+ μ C that separates or the multiple combining form of three assemblies or two assemblies.
It is noted that PON MAC chip can be the chip of integrated phy chip (PHY) or SERDES, the chip of also external PHY or SERDES.
It is noted that the signal (network signal, rs 232 serial interface signal, GPIO, LED index signal) that is connected to connector can combination in any or cut out.
The application of microminiature programmable optical communication module in power information acquisition terminal communication unit:
The schematic diagram that Fig. 6 uses microminiature programmable optical communication module of the present invention to realize to the collector communication unit, according to power industry standard/national grid company standard, the communication interface of collector communication unit module and substrate has the 12V power supply, reset signal, the serial communication signal, self needs indication LED communication unit, can go out fastethernet interface with application such as support IP video monitorings.Can on the basis of microminiature programmable optical communication module, increase the DC-DC chip, isolation buffers, 100,000,000 transformers and RJ45 connector, panel LED and suitable mechanism's part can simply be realized this communication unit.
Need explanation, Fast Ethernet mouth among Fig. 6 (TX, RX signal) also can save.
Among Fig. 6, TX, RX signal are sent to 100,000,000 transformers and RJ45 port successively.UART0, UART1, RST signal are connected to debug serial port, communication serial port and substrate RST in the plate of collector communication unit by isolation buffers respectively, and LED signal PON, SD, ACT, LINK signal are connected to panel LED.DC-DC power supply (12V changes 3.3V) receives the power supply input of collector communication unit substrate 12V, then power supply PWR is offered optical communications module 300.
Fig. 7 is that the concentrator communication unit uses realization schematic diagram of the present invention.With above-mentioned similar, but increased GPIO and whether be in mode of operation to introduce IGT (isolated gate transistor) control veneer as input, increased PCTRL (power supply control) signal in addition to control the power supply of this communication unit, PCTRL is connected to the DC-DC power supply by the MOS switching tube, and (5V changes 3.3V, the power supply input that receives substrate 5V converts 3.3V to), increased STATE[0-4] 5 ID codings (and do not have between the microminiature programmable optical communication module connect), power supply has become 5V by 12V.
Need explanation, the Fast Ethernet mouth also can save among Fig. 7.
Fig. 8 specially becomes the acquisition terminal communication unit to use realization schematic diagram of the present invention.Its realization and Fig. 7's is similar.
Need explanation, the Fast Ethernet mouth also can save among Fig. 8.
Fig. 9 is that single-phase intelligent ammeter communication unit uses realization schematic diagram of the present invention.Its realization and Fig. 6's is similar, but does not need fastethernet interface, has increased the GPIO input of EVENOUT (incident output is input for communication unit).Also have only PON, SD signal among the panel LED.
Figure 10 is that three-phase intelligent ammeter communication unit uses realization schematic diagram of the present invention.Its realization and Fig. 9's is similar, but has increased by one road communication serial port UART2, is connected to substrate communication serial port 2 by isolation buffers.

Claims (10)

1. microminiature programmable optical communication module that is used for intelligent grid, it is characterized in that: described optical communications module (300) comprises optical transceiver module interface module (301), laser driver/limiting amplifier (302) and the PON MAC chip (303) that links to each other successively, and PON MAC chip (303) also is connected to connector (306).
2. module according to claim 1 is characterized in that: laser driver/limiting amplifier (302) also is connected to I2C electricity erasable memorizer (304), and PON MAC chip (303) is connected to serial flash (305).
3. module according to claim 1 is characterized in that: SFF, SFP, SFP+, CSFF, CSFP, XFP, XENPACK, 1 * 9 or GBIC are adopted in the encapsulation of connector (306) and overall optical communication module (300).
4. module according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also be provided with analog to digital converter (ADC) and microcontroller (μ C) in laser driver/limiting amplifier (302).
5. module according to claim 3 is characterized in that, when adopting the SFF encapsulation, the function of each pin of module (PIN) sees the following form 1:
Table 1
PIN Function PIN Function 1 UART0_TX 11 VCC 2 UART0_RX 12 VEE 3 UART1_TX 13 GPIO 4 UART1_RX 14 TX_DATA+ 5 RST 15 TX_DATA- 6 VEE 16 PON_LED 7 VCC 17 ETH_ACT_LED 8 SD/LOS_LED 18 ETH_LINK_LED 9 RXRX_DATA- 19 UART2_TX 10 RXRX_DATA+ 20 UART2_RX
6. module according to claim 3 is characterized in that, when adopting the SFP encapsulation, the function of each pin of module (PIN) sees the following form 2:
Table 2
PIN Function PIN Function 1 VCC 11 VEE 2 UART0_TX 12 RXX_DATA- 3 UART0_RX 13 RXRX_DATA+ 4 UART1_TX 14 PON_LED 5 UART1_RX 15 ETH_ACT_LED 6 UART2_TX 16 ETH_LINK_LED 7 UART2_RX 17 GPIO 8 SD/LOS_LED 18 TX_DATA+ 9 RST 19 TX_DATA- 10 VCC 20 VEE
7. module according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the up optical line terminal (201) that is connected to of described optical communications module (300) descendingly is connected to concentrator (203), collector (204), specially becomes acquisition terminal (205), single-phase intelligent ammeter (206) or three-phase intelligent ammeter (207).
8. module according to claim 1 is characterized in that: PON MAC chip (303) provides LED signal, GPIO, UART serial ports, reset signal or network signal.
9. module according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described communication module (300) is circumscribed with the DC-DC power supply, also is connected to the MOS switching tube on the DC-DC power supply.
10. module according to claim 8 is characterized in that: network signal adopts 10/100BASE-TX, 10/100/1000BASE-T, 10/100/1000/10GBASE-T or SGMII.
CN2011101551582A 2011-06-10 2011-06-10 Subminiature programmable optical communication module for intelligent power grid CN102255661A (en)

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