CN102253556A - Display panel - Google Patents

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CN102253556A
CN102253556A CN2011102343534A CN201110234353A CN102253556A CN 102253556 A CN102253556 A CN 102253556A CN 2011102343534 A CN2011102343534 A CN 2011102343534A CN 201110234353 A CN201110234353 A CN 201110234353A CN 102253556 A CN102253556 A CN 102253556A
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pixel
sub
angle
pixel region
region
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CN2011102343534A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102253556B (en
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吴声明
邱旭平
黄俊智
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中华映管股份有限公司
华映视讯(吴江)有限公司
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Publication of CN102253556A publication Critical patent/CN102253556A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a display panel comprising a pixel structure, an opposite substrate, a display dielectric layer, a first patterned retardation plate and a second patterned retardation plate. Each pixel includes a first sub-pixel, a second sub-pixel, a first alignment slit and a second alignment slit. The first patterned retardation plate includes a first patterned retardation part and a second patterned retardation part. The second patterned retardation plate includes a third patterned retardation part and a fourth patterned retardation part. A first angle is retained between the extending direction of the first alignment slit and a first absorption shaft of the first patterned retardation part and a third angle is retained between the extending direction of the first alignment slit and a third absorption shaft of the third patterned retardation part. A second angle is retained between the extending direction of the second patterned retardation part and a second absorption shaft of the second patterned retardation part and a fourth angle is retained between the extending direction of the second patterned retardation part and a fourth absorption shaft of the fourth patterned retardation part.

Description

显示面板 Display panel

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明是有关于一种显示面板,且特别是有关于一种兼具广视角与窄视角的显示效果的显示面板。 [0001] The present invention relates to a display panel, a display panel, and more particularly relates to a display of both wide viewing angle and a narrow viewing angle.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着科技的进步,消费者有更多的机会在公共区域使用具有显示器的行动产品, 例如手机、笔记型计算机等,但消费者如果在公共区域使用时,又想保有个人的隐私,这时他们会需要一个可调整显示视角的显示器。 [0002] As technology advances, consumers have more opportunities to use mobile products with displays in public areas, such as mobile phones, notebook computers, but if consumers use in the common area, and want to maintain the privacy of individuals , then they will need an adjustable viewing angle of the display.

[0003] 公知技术中,主要是利用百叶窗型光吸收板的方式来调整液晶显示器的视角。 [0003] In the known art, it is the use of plate type light absorbing louver way to adjust the viewing angle of the liquid crystal display. 详细来说,在液晶显示器前面加设百叶窗型光吸收板,以藉由调整光吸收板本身的高度以及光吸收板彼此间隔距离,可限制液晶显示器发出的光线进入观察者眼睛的角度。 In detail, in front of the louver is provided a liquid crystal display plus a light absorbing plate for absorbing the light by adjusting the height of the plate itself, and a light absorbing plate spaced apart from each other, the light emitted from the liquid crystal display may limit the approach angle of the observer's eyes. 因此,只有在视角为之一特定范围(例如是60度)内,光线才能通过光吸收板,且观察者才能看到影像。 Thus, only one angle of view within a particular range (e.g., 60 degrees), to the light through the light absorbing plate, and the viewer can see the image. 而,当视角超过此特定范围(例如是60度)之外的光线则会被光吸收板所吸收,且观察者仅可看到漆黑画面。 And, when the viewing angle exceeds this specific range (e.g., 60 degrees) other than light rays will be absorbed by the light absorbing plate, and the viewer sees only black screen. 虽然此种方式的显示效果不错,但此种视角控制方法的缺点在于光吸收板必须在使用时外加设于液晶显示器外,因而易造成使用上的不方便。 Although this way good display effect, but the disadvantage of this method is that the viewing angle control to be applied to a light absorption film disposed on the outside in the use of a liquid crystal display, thus easily causing inconvenience in use. 再者,由于部分光线被光吸收板吸收,因此易有显示亮度下降25%以上的情况产生,意即穿透率会下降。 Furthermore, since part of the light is absorbed by the light absorbing plate, and therefore tend to have decreased by more than 25% of the luminance of the display case is generated, which means that the transmittance decreases. 此外,此方式的视角的调整是左右同时增加或减少,因此无法满足使用者对视角切换的多样需求。 Further, in this embodiment to adjust the angle of view it is about increase or decrease, thus unable to meet the diverse needs of the users viewing angle switching. 另外,此视角控制的方式所需的成本也较高。 Further, the cost required for this higher viewing angle control mode.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明提供一种显示面板,兼具有广视角与窄视角的显示效果。 [0004] The present invention provides a panel display having a wide viewing angle and the narrow viewing angle display.

[0005] 本发明提出一种显示面板,包括多个像素结构、一对向基板、一显示介质层、一第一图案化延迟片以及一第二图案化延迟片。 [0005] The present invention provides a display panel including a plurality of pixel structure, an opposite substrate, a display medium layer, a first patterned retarder and a second retarder patterned. 像素结构阵列排列并配置于一基板上,且具有多个像素区域。 And a pixel arranged in an array structure disposed on a substrate, and having a plurality of pixel areas. 各像素区域是由一第一子像素区、一第二子像素区以及一位于第一子像素区与第二子像素区之间的组件控制区组成。 Each pixel region is defined by a first sub-pixel region, the region between the control assembly and a second sub-pixel region, and a sub-pixel located in the first region and the second sub-pixel region. 各像素结构包括一第一子像素、一第二子像素、 一第一配向狭缝以及一第二配向狭缝。 Each pixel structure includes a first subpixel, a second subpixel, a first slit and a second alignment with the slit. 第一子像素配置于像素区域的第一子像素区。 The first sub-pixel arranged in the first sub-pixel region of the pixel region. 第二子像素配置于像素区域的第二子像素区。 The second sub-pixel arranged in the second sub-pixel region of the pixel region. 第一配向狭缝配置于第一子像素上。 A first alignment slit is disposed on the first sub-pixel. 第二配向狭缝配置于第二子像素上。 The second alignment slit is disposed on the second sub-pixel. 对向基板与基板相对。 The substrate relative to the substrate. 显示介质层配置于基板与对向基板之间。 Display medium layer disposed between the substrate and the counter substrate. 第一图案化延迟片配置于基板相对远离像素结构的一侧上,且第一图案化延迟片包括一第一图案化延迟部以及一第二图案化延迟部。 The first patterned retarder plate disposed on the opposite side of the pixel away from the structure, and the first patterned retarder comprises a first portion and a patterned retarder second portion of the substrate patterned retarder. 第一图案化延迟部配置于第一子像素区的下方,且具有一第一吸收轴。 The first patterned retarder portion disposed below the first sub-pixel region and having a first absorption axis. 第一配向狭缝的延伸方向与第一吸收轴之间具有一第一夹角。 A first ligand having a first angle between the absorption axis extending in a first direction of the slit. 第二图案化延迟部配置第二子像素的下方,具有一第二吸收轴。 The second portion of the patterned retarder disposed below the second subpixel having a second absorption axis. 第二配向狭缝的延伸方向与第二吸收轴之间具有一第二夹角,且第一夹角不等于第二夹角。 A second ligand having a second angle between the absorption axis extending in a second direction of the slit, and the first angle is not equal to the second angle. 第二图案化延迟片配置于对向基板相对远离显示介质层的一侧上,且包括一第三图案化延迟部以及一第四图案化延迟部。 The second patterned retarder arranged on the counter substrate on the side opposite from the display medium layer, and a patterned retarder comprises a third portion and a fourth portion of the patterned retarder. 第三图案化延迟部配置于第一子像素区的上方,且具有一第三吸收轴。 The third patterned retarder portion disposed above the first sub-pixel region and having a third absorption axis. 第一配向狭缝的延伸方向与第三吸收轴之间具有一第三夹角。 The first ligand has a third angle between the absorption axis extending in a third direction of the slit. 第四图案化延迟部配置第二子像素区的上方,具有一第四吸收轴。 Fourth pattern portions arranged above the second retarder sub-pixel region having a fourth absorption axis. 第二配向狭缝的延伸方向与第四吸收轴之间具有一第四夹角,且第三夹角不等于第四夹角。 A second ligand having a fourth angle between the absorption axis extending in the fourth direction of the slit, and the third angle is not equal to the fourth angle.

[0006] 在本发明的一实施例中,上述的第一夹角与第三夹角之一为0度,而第一夹角与第三夹角之另一为90度。 [0006] In an embodiment of the present invention, one of said first angle and the third angle is 0 degrees, and the other of the first angle and the third angle is 90 degrees.

[0007] 在本发明的一实施例中,上述的第二夹角与第四夹角之一为45度,而第二夹角与第四夹角的另一为135度。 [0007] In an embodiment of the present invention, the second angle with one of the above-described fourth angle of 45 degrees, and the other second angle and the fourth angle is 135 degrees.

[0008] 在本发明的一实施例中,上述的第一配向狭缝的形状包括长条状或圆形。 [0008] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described first feature comprises an elongated or circular shape of the slit.

[0009] 在本发明的一实施例中,上述的第二配向狭缝的形状包括长条状或圆形。 [0009] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described second feature comprises an elongated or circular shape of the slit.

[0010] 在本发明的一实施例中,上述的第一子像素,包括一第一主动组件以及一像素电极。 [0010] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described first sub-pixel comprising a first active element and a pixel electrode. 第一主动组件配置于像素区域的组件控制区。 A first active device region of the control assembly is disposed on the pixel region. 第一像素电极配置于像素区域的第一子像素区,且与第一主动组件电性连接。 The first pixel electrode disposed on the first sub-pixel region of the pixel region, and is connected to the first active element.

[0011] 在本发明的一实施例中,上述的第二子像素,包括一第二主动组件以及一第二像素电极。 [0011] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described second sub-pixel comprising a second active element and a second pixel electrode. 第二主动组件配置于像素区域的组件控制区。 A second active element disposed on the assembly of the control region of the pixel region. 第二像素电极配置于像素区域的第二子像素区,且与第二主动组件电性连接。 The second pixel electrode disposed on the second sub-pixel region of the pixel region and connected to the second active element.

[0012] 在本发明的一实施例中,上述的各像素结构更包括一扫描线以及二数据线。 [0012] In an embodiment of the present invention, each of the pixel structure further includes a scanning line and two data lines. 扫描线以及这些数据线定义出各像素区域。 Scan lines and data lines define each pixel region. 第一主动组件与第二主动组件电性连接至扫描线。 A first active component and second active component is electrically connected to the scan line. 第一主动组件与第二主动组件分别电性连接其中一条数据线。 A first active component and second active component are electrically connected to one of the data lines.

[0013] 在本发明的一实施例中,上述的第一子像素的面积与第二子像素的面积实质上相同或不同。 [0013] In an embodiment of the present invention, the area of ​​the first sub-pixel and the second sub-pixel area is substantially the same or different.

[0014] 在本发明的一实施例中,上述的对向基板包括一彩色滤光层。 [0014] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described counter substrate comprises a color filter layer. 彩色滤光层是由多个第一色阻与多个第二色阻所组成。 The color filter layer is hindered by a plurality of a first color and a second color resist composed of a plurality. 第一色阻对应第一子像素区设置,而第二色阻对应第二子像素区设置。 First color resist corresponding to the first sub-pixel region is provided, and the second color filter is provided corresponding to the second sub-pixel area. 各第一色阻包括一红色色阻、一蓝色色阻或一绿色色阻,而各第二色阻为一无色色阻。 Each of the first color filter comprises a red color filter, a blue color resist or a green color resist, and each of the second color resist as a colorless color resist.

[0015] 基于上述,本发明是将像素区域区分为二个子像素区域,且透过于对应两个子像素区的上方与下方皆分别搭配不同轴向的图案化延迟部以及配向狭缝的设计来达成视角控控制的目的。 [0015] Based on the above, the present invention is a pixel region divided into two sub-pixel region, and above and below the corresponding through two sub-pixel regions are respectively patterned retarder with different axial section of the slit and with a design to achieve Angle control of the control object. 如此一来,本发明的显示面板可兼具广视角与窄视角的显示效果。 Thus, the display panel of the present invention can display both a wide viewing angle and a narrow viewing angle.

[0016] 为让本发明的上述特征和优点能更明显易懂,下文特举实施例,并配合所附图式作详细说明如下。 [0016] In order to make the above features and advantages of the present invention can be more fully understood, the following non-limiting embodiment, and the accompanying figures are described in detail below.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 图1为本发明的一实施例的一种显示面板的剖面示意图。 One kind of an embodiment [0017] FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention, the display panel.

[0018] 图2为图1的像素结构的局部等效电路图。 [0018] FIG. 2 is a partial equivalent circuit diagram of the pixel configuration of FIG.

[0019] 图3为图1的像素结构、第一图案化延迟片及第二图案化延迟片的局部立体分解示意图。 [0019] FIG. 3 is a pixel structure of FIG. 1, a first retardation film and patterning the second patterned retarder partially exploded perspective schematic view.

[0020] 图4为本发明的另一实施例的一种显示面板的局部立体分解示意图。 Another one kind of [0020] FIG. 4 is an embodiment of the invention a partial perspective exploded view of the panel. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0021] 图1为本发明的的实施例的一种显示面板的剖面示意图。 One embodiment of the [0021] FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention, the display panel. 图2为图1的像素结构的局部等效电路图。 FIG 2 is a partial equivalent circuit diagram of the pixel configuration of FIG. 图3为图1的像素结构、第一图案化延迟片及第二图案化延迟片的局部立体分解示意图。 3 is a pixel structure of FIG. 1, a first retardation film and patterning the second patterned retarder partially exploded perspective schematic view. 请同时参考图1、图2及图3,本实施例的显示面板IOa包括多个像素结构100、一基板200、一对向基板300a、一显示介质层400、一第一图案化延迟片500以及一第二图案化延迟片600。 Please refer to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, the display panel IOa the present embodiment includes a plurality of pixel structures 100, a substrate 200, an opposite substrate 300a, a display medium layer 400, a first patterned retarder 500 and a second patterned retarder plate 600.

[0022] 详细来说,这些像素结构100阵列排列并配置于基板200上,且具有多个像素区域P。 [0022] In detail, the pixel structures 100 arranged in an array and disposed on the substrate 200, and a plurality of pixel regions P. 各像素区域P是由一第一子像素区P1、一第二子像素区P2以及一位于第一子像素区Pl 与第二子像素区P2之间的组件控制区C组成。 Each pixel region P is formed by a first sub-pixel region P1, a second sub-pixel region P2, and a subassembly located in the first control region between the pixel region and the second sub-pixel region Pl P2 C composition. 每一像素结构100包括一第一子像素110、一第二子像素120、一第一配向狭缝130、一第二配向狭缝140、一扫描线S以及二数据线D1、 D2。 Each pixel structure 100 includes a first sub-pixel 110, a second sub-pixel 120, a first alignment slot 130, a second alignment slit 140, a scan line S, and two data lines D1, D2. 其中,扫描线S以及两数据线D1、D2定义出一个像素区域P。 Wherein the scan line S, and two data lines D1, D2 define a pixel region P. 于本实施例中,第一子像素110配置于像素区域P的第一子像素区Pl,且包括一第一主动组件112以及一像素电极114。 In the present embodiment, the first sub-pixel 110 is disposed on the first sub-pixel region of the pixel region P Pl, and comprising a first active element 112 and a pixel electrode 114. 其中,第一主动组件112配置于像素区域P的组件控制区C,而第一像素电极114配置于像素区域P的第一子像素区P1,且第一像素电极114与第一主动组件112电性连接。 Wherein the first active component assembly 112 disposed in the control region C of the pixel region P, and the first pixel electrode 114 disposed on the first sub-pixel region P of the pixel region P1, and the first pixel electrode 112 is electrically active device 114 and the first connection. 第二子像素120配置于像素区域P的第二子像素区P2,且包括一第二主动组件122以及一第二像素电极124。 The second sub-pixel 120 is disposed on the second sub-pixel region P of the pixel region P2, and a second active element comprising a second pixel electrode 122 and 124. 其中,第二主动组件122配置于像素区域P的组件控制区C,而第二像素电极1¾配置于像素区域P的第二子像素区P2,且第二像素电极IM与第二主动组件122 电性连接。 Wherein the second active component assembly 122 disposed in the control region C of the pixel region P, and the second pixel electrode 1¾ disposed on the second sub-pixel region P2 of the pixel region P, and the second IM pixel electrode 122 and the second electrically active element connection. 此外,第一子像素110的第一主动组件112与第二子像素120的第二主动组件122电性连接至扫描线S,且第一主动组件112电性连接至数据线Dl,而第二主动组件122 电性连接至数据线D2。 Further, the first sub-pixel 110 of the first active device 112 is connected to the second active element 122 is electrically to the second sub-pixel 120 of a scan line S, and a first active device 112 is electrically connected to the data line Dl, and the second active element 122 is electrically connected to the data line D2. 第一配向狭缝130配置于第一子像素110的第一像素电极114上, 其中第一配向狭缝130的形状例如是长条状。 With a first slit 130 disposed on the first sub-pixel 110, a first electrode 114, wherein the first alignment shape of the slit 130, for example, an elongated shape. 第二配向狭缝140配置于第二子像素120的第二像素电极1¾上,其中第二配向狭缝140的形状例如是长条状。 The second feature 140 is disposed toward the second slot on the second sub-pixel electrode 120 1¾, wherein the second ligand, for example, the elongated shape of the slit 140. 当然,于其它未绘示的实施例中,第一配向狭缝130的形状与第二配向狭缝140的形状亦可为其它的多边形或圆形,于此并不加以限制。 Of course, in other embodiments not shown in the embodiment, the first ligand may also be other polygonal or circular, the shape is not limited herein and the second slot 130 with the shape of the slit 140. 此外,第一子像素110的面积与第二子像素120的面积可实质上相同或不同,于此并不加以限制。 Further, the area of ​​the first sub-pixel area 110 and the second subpixel 120 may be substantially the same or different, is not limited herein.

[0023] 对向基板300a与基板200相对,而显示介质层400配置于基板200与对向基板300a之间,其中显示介质层400例如是一液晶层。 [0023] 300a and the substrate relative to the substrate 200, and the display medium layer 400 is disposed on the substrate 200 and between the counter substrate 300a, wherein the display medium layer 400 is, for example, a liquid crystal layer. 第一图案化延迟片500配置于基板200 相对远离这些像素结构100的一侧上,且第一图案化延迟片500包括一第一图案化延迟部510以及一第二图案化延迟部520。 The first patterned retarder plate 500 is disposed on the side remote from the substrate 200 opposite the pixel structure 100 and the first patterned retarder plate 500 includes a first delay unit 510, and patterned a patterned second delay unit 520. 更具体来说,第一图案化延迟部510配置于第一子像素区Pl的下方,且具有一第一吸收轴512。 More specifically, a first portion of the patterned retarder 510 is disposed below the first sub-pixel region Pl, and having a first absorption axis 512. 第一配向狭缝130的延伸方向El与第一吸收轴512之间具有一第一夹角θ 1,其中第一夹角θ 1例如是0度或90。 A first ligand having a first angle θ 1 between the extending direction of the slit 130 of the first absorption El shaft 512, wherein the first angle θ 1, for example, 0 or 90 degrees. 于图3中是以绘示第一夹角θ 1为0度为例说明。 In Figure 3 is shown a first angle θ 1 is 0 degree as an example. 第二图案化延迟部520配置第二子像素区Ρ2的下方,具有一第二吸收轴522。 The second pattern portion 520 is configured to delay the second sub-pixel region below Ρ2 having a second absorption axis 522. 第二配向狭缝140的延伸方向Ε2与第二吸收轴522之间具有一第二夹角Θ2,其中第二夹角θ 2例如是45度或135度。 Having a second alignment Ε2 second angle Θ2 between the second absorption axis extending in the direction of the slit 522 and 140, wherein the second angle θ 2, for example, 45 degrees or 135 degrees. 于图3中是以绘示第二夹角θ 2为45度为例说明。 In FIG. 3 is a schematic illustrating a second angle θ 2 is 45 degrees as an example. 特别是,本实施例的第一夹角θ 1不等于第二夹角θ 2。 In particular, the first angle [theta] 1 of the present embodiment is not equal to the second angle θ 2. 第二图案化延迟片600配置于对向基板300a相对远离显示介质层400的一侧上,且第二图案化延迟片600包括一第三图案化延迟部610以及一第四图案化延迟部620。 600 includes a third patterned delay portion 610 and a fourth portion 620 of the second patterned retarder patterned retarder plate 600 is disposed on the opposite from the display 300a on the side of the substrate dielectric layer 400 and second patterned retarder . 第三图案化延迟部610配置于第一子像素区Pl的上方,且具有一第三吸收轴612。 The third portion of the patterned retarder 610 is disposed above the first sub-pixel region Pl, and having a third absorption axis 612. 第一配向狭缝130的延伸方向El与第三吸收轴612之间具有一第三夹角θ 3,其中第三夹角θ 3例如是0度或90。 The first ligand has a third included angle θ 3 between the extending direction of the slit 130 and the third absorption axis El 612, wherein the third angle θ 3, for example, 0 or 90 degrees. 于图3中是以绘示第三夹角θ 3为90度为例说明。 In FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the third angle [theta] 3 is 90 degrees as an example. 第四图案化延迟部620配置第二子像素区Ρ2的上方,具有一第四吸收轴622。 Fourth patterned delays portion 620 disposed above the second sub-pixel region Ρ2 having a fourth absorption axis 622. 第二配向狭缝140的延伸方向Ε2与第四吸收轴622之间具有一第四夹角θ 4,其中第四夹角θ 4例如是45度或135度。 Having a second alignment Ε2 fourth angle θ 4 between the fourth and the absorption axis 622 extending direction of the slit 140, wherein the fourth example, the angle θ 4 is 45 degrees or 135 degrees. 于图3中是以绘示第四夹角θ 4为135度为例说明。 In Figure 3 is shown a fourth angle θ 4 is 135 degrees as an example. 特别是,本实施例的且第三夹角θ 3不等于第四夹角θ 4。 In particular, the angle [theta] and the third embodiment 3 of the present embodiment is not equal to the fourth angle θ 4.

[0024] 由于本实施例是将像素区域P区分为第一子像素区域PI、第二子像素区域Ρ2以及组件控制区C,且于第一子像素区Pl的下方与上方分别搭配不同轴向的第一图案化延迟片500的第一图案化延迟部512与第二图案化延迟片600的第三图案化延迟部612,而于第二子像素区P2的下方与上方分别搭配不同轴向的第一图案化延迟片500的第二图案化延迟部522与第二图案化延迟片600的第四图案化延迟部622,并同时搭配长条状的第一配向狭缝130与第二配向狭缝140。 [0024] Since the present embodiment, the pixel region is divided into a first sub-pixel region P region PI, and a second sub-pixel region Ρ2 assembly control area C, and in the lower and upper region of the first sub-pixel respectively with different axial Pl the third portion of the patterned retarder plate first patterned first patterned retardation delay portion 512 and the second patterned retarder 600 500 612, and below the second sub-pixel region P2, respectively, above and with different axial a first pattern of the second patterned retarder 522 and the second delay unit 500 delays the patterned retarder fourth pattern portion 600 of the sheet 622, and also with a first elongated slot 130 and the second alignment alignment slit 140. 因此,本实施例的显示面板100可透过第一配向狭缝130与第二配向狭缝140来形成垂直电场,并透过分别控制第一主动组件112与第二主动组件122 来通过第一图案化延迟部512、第二图案化延迟部522、第三图案化延迟部612、第四图案化延迟部622的光,藉以调整第一子像素区域Pl及第二子像素区域P2的亮暗分布模式。 Thus, the display panel 100 of the present embodiment and the second ligand 130 may be formed through a first alignment slot 140 to the slot electric field perpendicular to, and through control the first active device 112 and the second active element 122 by first patterned retarder portion 512, a second delay unit 522 is patterned, the patterned third delay unit 612, a fourth patterned optical retarder 622, so as to adjust the first sub-pixel and the second sub-pixel region Pl P2 bright and dark regions distribution pattern. 举例来说,当第一主动组件112开启而第二主动组件122关闭时,显示面板IOa可呈现一广视角的显示效果:而当第一主动组件112关闭而第二主动组件122开启时,显示面板IOa则可呈现一视角窄化的显示效果。 For example, when the first active device 112 and the second active element 122 turned off, the display panel may present IOa display of a wide viewing angle: when the first active component and second active component 112 to close opening 122, a display IOa display panel may be presented in a narrowing perspective. 如此一来,本实施例的显示面板IOa可达成控制视角的目的,并兼具广视角与窄视角的显示效果。 Thus, the display panel IOa present embodiment may control the viewing angle to achieve the object, both the display and a wide viewing angle and a narrow viewing angle.

[0025] 图4为本发明的另一实施例的一种显示面板的局部立体分解示意图。 Another one kind of [0025] FIG. 4 is an embodiment of the invention a partial perspective exploded view of the panel. 为了方便说明起见,图4中省略绘示部分构件。 For convenience of explanation, FIG. 4 shows some components omitted. 请参考图4,本实例的显示面板IOb与前述实施例的显示面板IOa相似,惟二者主要差异之处在于:本实施例的显示面板IOb的对向基板300b包括一彩色滤光层310。 Please refer to FIG. 4, the display panel IOa IOb display panel of the present example is similar to the foregoing embodiment, but the difference between the two in that: the display panel of the present embodiment IOb embodiment of the substrate comprises a color filter layer 300b 310. 详细来说,彩色滤光层310是由多个第一色阻312与多个第二色阻314所组成,其中这些第一色阻312分别对应这些第一子像素区Pl设置,而这些第二色阻314分别对应这些第二子像素区P2设置。 In detail, the color filter layer 310 is hindered by a plurality of first color 312 and the plurality of second color filter 314, where the first color filter 312 corresponding to these are provided a first sub-pixel region Pl, and these first dichroic these barrier 314 respectively corresponding second sub-pixel area P2 provided. 于此,每一第一色阻312例如是一红色色阻、一蓝色色阻或一绿色色阻,而每一第二色阻314为一无色色阻。 Thereto, each of the first color filter 312, for example, a red color filter, a blue color resist or a green color resist, and each of the second color filter 314 as a colorless color resist.

[0026] 一般而言,光线(未绘示)在经过不同色阻之后会有不同的强度,以红色色阻、绿色色阻以及蓝色色阻为例,光线穿透过绿色色阻之后所产生的绿光强度最强,光线穿透过蓝色色阻之后所产生的蓝光强度最弱,而光线穿透过红色色阻之后所产生的红光强度介于前二者之间。 [0026] In general, light (not shown) have different intensities after passing through a different color filter, a red color filter, green color filter and a blue color resist, for example, then the resulting light green color resist penetrates through green light intensity of the strongest light intensity of the blue color of the blue light penetrates through the barrier after generating the weakest, and the intensity of red light after the light penetrates through the red color filter produced before interposed therebetween. 由于光线在通过彩色滤光层310的各色阻后,穿透度会有所下降。 As the light after passing through the color filter color resist layer 310, the penetration will decline. 因此,本实施例的这些第二色阻314 (意即无色色阻)设置的主要目的是在于提供光线一个不被色阻吸收的高穿透区域,意即透光度可提升,进而可提升显示面板IOb的整体亮度。 Thus, the main object of the second color filter 314 (meaning colorless color filter) provided in the present embodiment is to provide a high penetration resistance is not a region of the light absorbed by the color, which means that the transmittance can be improved, and thus can improve IOb overall brightness of the display panel. 再者,由于这些第一色阻312分别对应这些第一子像素区Pl设置,而这些第二色阻314分别对应这些第二子像素区P2设置。 Additionally, since the first color filter 312 corresponding to the first sub-pixel area respectively disposed Pl, second color filter 314 which respectively correspond to the second sub-pixel area P2 provided. 因此,第一子像素区Pl适于显示彩色模式,而第二子像素区P2适于显示文字等黑白模式。 Thus, the first sub-pixel region Pl adapted to display color mode, and the second sub-pixel area P2 adapted to display text and other black and white.

[0027] 综上所述,由于本发明是将像素区域区分为第一子像素区域、第二子像素区域以及组件控制区,且于第一子像素区的下方与上方分别搭配不同轴向的第一图案化延迟片的第一图案化延迟部与第二图案化延迟片的第三图案化延迟部,而于第二子像素区的下方与上方分别搭配不同轴向的第一图案化延迟片的第二图案化延迟部与第二图案化延迟片的第四图案化延迟部,并同时搭配长条状的第一配向狭缝与第二配向狭缝。 [0027] In summary, the present invention is divided into the pixel region of the first sub-pixel region, the second sub-pixel region and a control region component, and below the first sub-pixel region and the upper, respectively with different axial a first patterned first patterned retarder portion and the second patterned retarder third patterned retarder retardation plate portion, and the second sub-pixel region below and above, respectively, with a different axial direction of the first patterned retardation the second patterned retarder plate portion and the second patterned retarder retarder fourth pattern portion, and simultaneously with a first elongated slit alignment with the second slit. 因此,本发明的显示面板可透过第一配向狭缝与第二配向狭缝来形成垂直电场,并透过分别控制第一子像素与第二子像素来通过第一图案化延迟片与第二图案化延迟片的光,以调整第一子像素区域及第二子像素区域的亮暗分布模式。 Accordingly, the display panel of the present invention may be formed through the first slit and the second alignment slit alignment vertical electric field, and are controlled through the first sub-pixel and the second sub-pixel and the second sheet is delayed by a first patterning photo-patterned retarder plate, to adjust a first region and a second sub-bright pixel region a dark sub-pixel distribution pattern. 如此一来,本发明的显示面板可达成控制视角的目的, 并兼具广视角与窄视角的显示效果。 Thus, the display panel of the present invention can control the viewing angle to achieve the object, both the display and a wide viewing angle and a narrow viewing angle. [0028] 虽然本发明已以实施例公开如上,然其并非用以限定本发明,任何所属技术领域中具有通常知识者,在不脱离本发明的精神和范围内,当可作些许的更动与润饰,故本发明的保护范围当视前述的权利要求范围所界定者为准。 [0028] While the invention has been disclosed in the above embodiments, they are not intended to limit the present invention, any skilled in the art having ordinary knowledge, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various omissions, substitutions can be made to and variations, so that the range of their equivalents scope of the invention as claimed in the preceding claim when depending.

Claims (10)

1. 一种显示面板,其特征在于,包括:多个像素结构,阵列排列并配置于一基板上,且具有多个像素区域,其中各该像素区域是由一第一子像素区、一第二子像素区以及一位于该第一子像素区与该第二子像素区之间的组件控制区组成,且各该像素结构包括:一第一子像素,配置于该像素区域的该第一子像素区; 一第二子像素,配置于该像素区域的该第二子像素区; 一第一配向狭缝,配置于该第一子像素上;以及一第二配向狭缝,配置于该第二子像素上; 一对向基板,与该基板相对; 一显示介质层,配置于该基板与该对向基板之间;一第一图案化延迟片,配置于该基板相对远离该些像素结构的一侧上,且该第一图案化延迟片包括:一第一图案化延迟部,配置于该第一子像素区的下方,且具有一第一吸收轴,其中该第一配向狭缝的延伸方向与该第一 1. A display panel comprising: a plurality of pixel structures arranged in an array and disposed on a substrate, and a plurality of pixel regions, wherein each of the pixel region is composed of a first sub-pixel region, a first two sub-pixel area and a sub-pixel located at the first region and the composition of the components of the control region between the second sub-pixel region, and each of the pixel structure includes: a first sub-pixel, the pixel arranged at the first region sub-pixel region; a second sub-pixel, the pixel region arranged on the second sub-pixel region; a first alignment slit is disposed on the first sub-pixel; and a second alignment slit disposed in the a second sub-pixel; a counter substrate opposed to the substrate; a display medium layer disposed on the substrate between the pair of the substrates; a first relatively away from the patterned retarder, those pixels arranged on the substrate on the side of the structure, and the first patterned retarder comprises: a first patterned retarder portion disposed below the first sub-pixel region, and having a first absorption axis, wherein the first alignment slit the extending direction of the first 吸收轴之间具有一第一夹角;以及一第二图案化延迟部,配置该第二子像素区的下方,具有一第二吸收轴,其中该第二配向狭缝的延伸方向与该第二吸收轴之间具有一第二夹角,且该第一夹角不等于该第二夹角;以及一第二图案化延迟片,配置于该对向基板相对远离该显示介质层的一侧上,且该第二图案化延迟片包括:一第三图案化延迟部,配置于该第一子像素区的上方,且具有一第三吸收轴,其中该第一配向狭缝的延伸方向与该第三吸收轴之间具有一第三夹角;以及一第四图案化延迟部,配置该第二子像素区的上方,具有一第四吸收轴,其中该第二配向狭缝的延伸方向与该第四吸收轴之间具有一第四夹角,且该第三夹角不等于该第四夹 Having a first angle between the absorption axis; and a patterned second delay unit, arranged below the second sub-pixel region having a second absorption axis, wherein the second alignment direction of the slit and extending to the first having a second angle between the two absorption axis, and the first angle is not equal to the second angle; and a second patterned retarder plate disposed on the dielectric layer on the side away from the substrate relative to the display on, and the second patterned retarder comprising: a third delay pattern portion disposed over the first sub-pixel region and having a third absorption axis, wherein the first ligand and the extending direction of the slit between the third absorption axis having a third angle; and a fourth patterned delays portion disposed over the second sub-pixel region having a fourth absorption axis, wherein the extending direction of the second alignment slit having a fourth angle between the absorption axis of the fourth, and the third angle is not equal to the fourth clip
2.如权利要求1所述的显示面板,其特征在于,该第一夹角与该第三夹角之一为0度, 而该第一夹角与该第三夹角的另一为90度。 2. The display panel according to claim 1, wherein one of the first angle and the third angle is 0 degrees, the first angle and the third angle is 90 to another degree.
3.如权利要求1所述的显示面板,其特征在于,该第二夹角与该第四夹角之一为45度, 而该第二夹角与该第四夹角的另一为135度。 The display panel according to claim 1, wherein the second angle and the fourth angle is one of 45 degrees, the second angle and the fourth angle with another 135 degree.
4.如权利要求1所述的显示面板,其特征在于,该第一配向狭缝的形状包括长条状或圆形。 The display panel as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first ligand comprises an elongated or circular shape of the slit.
5.如权利要求1所述的显示面板,其特征在于,该第二配向狭缝的形状包括长条状或圆形。 5. The display panel according to claim 1, wherein the second ligand comprises an elongated or circular shape of the slit.
6.如权利要求1所述的显示面板,其特征在于,该第一子像素,包括: 一第一主动组件,配置于该像素区域的该组件控制区;以及一第一像素电极,配置于该像素区域的该第一子像素区,且与该第一主动组件电性连接。 The display panel according to claim 1, wherein the first sub-pixel, comprising: a first active device, the control assembly disposed in the region of the pixel region; and a first pixel electrode disposed the first sub-pixel region of the pixel region, and is connected to the first active element.
7.如权利要求6所述的显示面板,其特征在于,该第二子像素,包括: 一第二主动组件,配置于该像素区域的该组件控制区;以及一第二像素电极,配置于该像素区域的该第二子像素区,且与该第二主动组件电性连接。 The display panel according to claim 6, wherein the second sub-pixel, comprising: a second active device, the control assembly disposed in the region of the pixel region; and a second pixel electrode disposed the second sub-pixel region of the pixel region, and is connected to the second active element.
8.如权利要求7所述的显示面板,其特征在于,各该像素结构更包括一扫描线以及二数据线,其中该扫描线以及该些数据线定义出各该像素区域,且该第一主动组件与该第二主动组件电性连接至该扫描线,而该第一主动组件与该第二主动组件分别电性连接其中一条数据线。 The display panel according to claim 7, wherein each of the pixel structure further includes a scanning line and two data lines, wherein the scan lines and data lines define each pixel region, and the first active element connected to the scan line and the second active element, and the first active element and the second active element are electrically connected to one of the data lines.
9.如权利要求1所述的显示面板,其特征在于,该第一子像素的面积与该第二子像素的面积实质上相同或不同。 9. The display panel according to claim 1, wherein the area of ​​the first sub-pixel and the second sub-pixel area is substantially the same or different.
10.如权利要求1所述的显示面板,其特征在于,该对向基板包括一彩色滤光层,该彩色滤光层是由多个第一色阻与多个第二色阻所组成,该些第一色阻对应该些第一子像素区设置,而该些第二色阻对应该些第二子像素区设置,各该第一色阻包括一红色色阻、一蓝色色阻或一绿色色阻,而各该第二色阻为一无色色阻。 10. The display panel according to claim 1, wherein the counter substrate comprises a color filter layer, the color filter layer is hindered by a plurality of a first color and a second color resist composed of a plurality of, the plurality of first barrier to be some of the first color sub-pixel region is provided, and the plurality of second color filter to be disposed plurality of second sub-pixel area, each of the first color filter comprises a red color filter, a blue color resist or a green color filter, and each of the second color resist as a colorless color resist.
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