CN102247907A - Municipal domestic waste bag-breaking crushing equipment - Google Patents

Municipal domestic waste bag-breaking crushing equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102247907A
CN102247907A CN2011101674436A CN201110167443A CN102247907A CN 102247907 A CN102247907 A CN 102247907A CN 2011101674436 A CN2011101674436 A CN 2011101674436A CN 201110167443 A CN201110167443 A CN 201110167443A CN 102247907 A CN102247907 A CN 102247907A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
domestic waste
broken bag
equipment
outlet
roller
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011101674436A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱海生
谭养养
Original Assignee
朱海生
谭养养
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 朱海生, 谭养养 filed Critical 朱海生
Priority to CN2011101674436A priority Critical patent/CN102247907A/en
Publication of CN102247907A publication Critical patent/CN102247907A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses municipal domestic waste bag-breaking crushing equipment mainly comprising a feeding device, a bag-breaking crushing device, a driving device, a clearing device, a bulk waste outlet, a small waste outlet, an electric protective device, and the like, wherein a roller raft inside the bag-breaking crushing device is provided with a toothed sheet; and the rotary roller raft and the toothed sheet can break bags of upper mixed wastes multiple times and sufficiently crush organic matters, and therefore the problems of bag breaking and selective crushing in waste sorting are thoroughly solved. The municipal domestic waste bag-breaking crushing equipment disclosed by the invention doses not forcedly crush integral hard objects (such as bricks, stones, glass bottles, and the like), which can be directly recovered, in the wastes, thereby the influence of brick and stone crushed slag on the recycling of the wastes is prevented, the manufacturing cost of the equipment can be effectively reduced, and the operating cost (the abrasion of the toothed sheet, crushing energy consumption, and the like) of the equipment can be reduced; the roller raft and the clearing device for the toothed sheet can make the broken bags free from winding, thereby ensuring the equipment to continuously and stably operate; in addition, the equipment can also be additionally provided with a further sorting device, an air purification device, and the like for improvement, thereby the integral technological level of the equipment is increased.

Description

Domestic waste broken bag disintegrating apparatus
Technical field
The invention discloses a kind of domestic waste broken bag disintegrating apparatus, this equipment belongs to the solid waste process field.
Background technology
Data shows, 4.9 hundred million tons/year of whole world domestic waste generations, average growth rate per annum 8.42%; Nearly 1.5 hundred million tons/year of the domestic waste generation of China, average growth rate per annum is more than 10%, and its speedup equals to the GDP speedup.
At present, China's domestic waste accumulation volume of cargo in storage has reached 7,000,000,000 tons, takes up an area of about more than 80 ten thousand mu, and with 4.8% speed sustainable growth every year on average.Become rubbish in the world and surrounded one of the most serious country in city, the most city of China do not had that good place is stacked, the landfill domestic waste." crisis " of domestic waste arrives!
Domestic waste is a kind of " resource ", be a kind of tool potentiality to be exploited, never exhausted " precious deposits "! Domestic waste is great riches under cover.Studies show that by recycling treatment, China's domestic waste can create 25,000,000,000 yuan regenerated resources every year.The domestic waste recycling treatment is one of new growth engines of tool potentiality in the future economy.
The prerequisite of domestic waste recycling is refuse classification, and effective classification of domestic garbage categorised collection and packed composting all is insoluble problem.The former needs government to put into effect the raising of effective management policy, resident's understanding and effectively cooperates; And the latter need finish by advanced person's technology and equipment.
Now domestic waste mainly is collected with the form of packed composting, and it is very difficult that this rubbish is directly classified, for this reason, and to the packed composting prerequisite that to carry out sufficient broken bag fragmentation be sorting, utilization.
The broken bag crushing technology and the equipment of packed composting mainly contain:
The patent No. is 200720110241.7 utility model patent, has introduced a kind of refuse grinder, and this machine is made up of two rollers of being with serrated knife, and rubbish is powerful broken through two rollers and serrated knife, reaches the purpose of rubbish bale broken, fragmentation.
The problem that this type of refuse grinder exists is: whole hard thing (as masonry piece, glass bottle etc.) is through powerful broken, and disintegrating slag has very big influence to the quality of garbage organism composting.Simultaneously, can bring more serious harm after the old and useless battery fragmentation, be unfavorable for the recycling of rubbish.
The patent No. is 00262536.9 utility model patent, introduced a kind of Machine for breaking bags of garbage, this machine is made up of roll row, rubbish is put on the roll row, rotation along with roll, crushing shell on the roll and the tooth pin on the crushing shell etc., to the rubbish bag push, effects such as cutting, tearing, reach rubbish bale broken, broken purpose.
There is the powerful broken same problem of whole hard thing (as masonry piece, glass bottle etc.), old and useless battery in this equipment.Also exist and be difficult to the stagnant problem of broken thing in the rear end.Also exist crushing shell and the tooth pin does not have material-clearing device, can't solve the thin axle winding problem in the broken bag process.Equipment is difficult to the continous-stable operation.
The content of invention
Domestic waste broken bag disintegrating apparatus of the present invention can solve the above problems better, and this equipment can carry out sufficient broken bag and optionally broken to packed composting, is beneficial to further effectively sorting.
This equipment is made of feeding device, broken bag breaker, drive unit, cabinet frame, material-clearing device, the outlet of bulk material, cobbing outlet and electric protective device etc.Rubbish is admitted on the roller row of broken bag breaker by the hopper of feeding device, and the big part thing limit shelves behind the hopper are in order to stop enter (need manually select early stage) of large piece article; On roller row's the roller gear piece is arranged, gear piece with roller row rotation with top composting carry out repeatedly broken bag, organic matter is carried out sufficient fragmentation, be convenient to the later use of rubbish, thoroughly solved the broken bag in the refuse classification and the difficult problem of selective crushing.Polybag after the broken bag and broken back organic matter etc. are fallen roller row down, discharge through the cobbing outlet, for further sorting utilization lays the first stone.
Rubbish carries out fragmentation according to self gravitation in the equipment running process on roller row, the whole hard thing (as masonry piece, bottle etc.) that can directly reclaim moves right along with impacting of rotation gear piece is great-jump-forward,, be convenient to further sorting utilization after the outlet of bulk material is discharged.This equipment does not carry out the brute force fragmentation to the hard thing of integral body, can avoid the adverse effect of the masonry slag of fragmentation to the recycling of garbage organism composting, also can effectively reduce the cost of equipment, reduce the wearing and tearing and the broken energy consumption of gear piece, thereby reduce the operating cost of equipment.
Unique roller row and gear piece material-clearing device, making does not have winding in the garbage bag breaking process, guarantees that equipment moves continuously.
The overload protection function of electric protective device can be guaranteed device security, steady operation equally.
This equipment also can install the further sorting unit of cobbing, the further sorting unit of bulk material, air cleaning unit and equipment operational monitoring recorder etc. additional and improve, with the technical merit of raising equipment integral body.
In sum, the present invention has: the domestic waste broken bag does not have that winding, selective crushing are effective, stable work in work, safe and reliable, be easy to characteristics such as maintenance.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and embodiments the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is one embodiment of the present invention schematic diagram
Fig. 2 is the A-A generalized section of Fig. 1
Fig. 3 is a kind of embodiment schematic diagram of drive unit of the present invention
The specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, domestic waste broken bag disintegrating apparatus of the present invention has a cover feeding device 1, broken bag breaker 2, drive unit 3, cabinet frame 4, material-clearing device 5, bulk material outlet 6, cobbing outlet 7 and electric protective device 8 etc.
Feeding device 1 is made of elevating hopper and big part thing limit shelves 11 etc.The setting of the big part thing limit shelves 11 of feeding device 1 is in order to prevent that the large piece article in the rubbish from entering in the broken bag disintegrating apparatus, and the height of big part thing limit shelves 11 is by the character of rubbish and the height decision of bulk material outlet 6.
Referring to Fig. 2, broken bag breaker 2 is made up of roller row, and each roller all is assembled by shaft assembly 21, cartridge module 22 and gear piece 23 etc.The roller of broken bag breaker 2 comes the driving rotation down of motor, gear piece 23 will float over rubbish on the roller row and carry out repeatedly broken bag, organic matter is carried out repeatedly fragmentation, for guaranteeing the reliable and stable of equipment operation, each roller is when assembling, cartridge module 22, gear piece 23 are vertical with shaft assembly 21, must not be gapped between cartridge module 22 and the gear piece 23.
Referring to Fig. 3, the drive unit that the drive unit 3 of broken bag breaker 2 is made of motor 31, transmission component 32 and bearing assembly 33 etc.The motor 31 of drive unit 3 can have multiple type of belt drive with transmission component 32 between the corresponding roller shaft assembly 21, preferred V-belt transmission.
The material-clearing device 5 of broken bag breaker 2 is made up of clear material baffle plate.The clear material baffle plate of material-clearing device 5 not only can stop material, can also clean out and hang long-pending twister on the gear piece 23.Clear material baffle plate and gear piece 23 corresponding positions are made into the groove and the both sides that match and respectively leave certain clearance.
Electric protective device 7 is made up of electrical equipment such as Programmable Logic Controller PLC, variable-frequency governor, travel switch, position sensor and low-voltage electrical apparatuses.
The technical merit and the automatization level of equipment integral body are higher, can realize the automatic operating of material loading, fragmentation and discharging whole process, need not manually-operated, and the rubbish nuisance is to operating personnel's harm in the minimizing broken bag shattering process.
As improvement of the present invention, the further sorting unit 60 of big part can be installed in the lower end of bulk material outlet 5 additional, the further sorting unit 70 of smallclothes can be installed additional in the lower end of cobbing outlet 6, with the ability of raising equipment, with the technical merit of this lifting means integral body to the refuse classification sorting.
Further improve as the present invention, but export 6 side panel perforates and install air cleaning unit 80 additional, increase the environmental protection level of equipment at cobbing.
Further improve as the present invention, in electric protective device 7, can install equipment operational monitoring recorder 90 additional, to improve the technical merit of equipment.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment; no matter on its outer shape or internal structure, do any variation; every in the use of places such as garbage towers, refuse depot, carry out the domestic waste broken bag and be broken for destination device with roller row, gear piece method, all drop within the scope of protection of the invention.In addition, every device that installs advanced persons such as further sorting unit, air cleaning unit and equipment operation condition monitoring and recording instrument on basis of the present invention additional improves, and all constitutes infringement of the present invention with the technical merit of raising equipment integral body and the equipment of automatic control level.

Claims (9)

1. domestic waste broken bag disintegrating apparatus, comprise feeding device (1), broken bag breaker (2), drive unit (3), cabinet frame (4), material-clearing device (5), bulk material outlet (6), cobbing outlet (7) and electric protective device (8) etc., it is characterized in that: described feeding device (1) is made up of elevating hopper and big part thing limit shelves (11) etc.; Described broken bag breaker (2) is made up of roller row, and each roller all is made up of shaft assembly (21), cartridge module (22) and gear piece (23) etc.; Described drive unit (3) is made up of motor (31), transmission component (32) and bearing assembly (33) etc.; Described cabinet frame (4) is made up of frame and casing; Described material-clearing device (5) is made up of clear material baffle plate; Described electric protective device (7) is made up of electrical equipment such as Programmable Logic Controller PLC, variable-frequency governor, travel switch, position sensor and low-voltage electrical apparatuses.
2. domestic waste broken bag disintegrating apparatus according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the big part thing limit shelves (11) of described feeding device (1), its height is by the character of rubbish and the height decision of bulk material outlet (6).
3. domestic waste broken bag disintegrating apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: each roller of described broken bag breaker (2) is when assembling, cartridge module (22), gear piece (23) are vertical with shaft assembly (21), must not be gapped between cartridge module (22) and the gear piece (23).
4. domestic waste broken bag disintegrating apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the motor (31) of described drive unit (3) can adopt any type of belt drive with transmission component (32) between the shaft assembly (21) of corresponding roller, preferred V-belt transmission.
5. domestic waste broken bag disintegrating apparatus according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the position that the clear material baffle plate of described material-clearing device (5) is corresponding with gear piece (23) is made into the groove and the both sides that match and respectively leaves certain clearance.
6. domestic waste broken bag disintegrating apparatus according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the lower end of described bulk material outlet (6) can install the further sorting unit of bulk material (60) additional.
7. domestic waste broken bag disintegrating apparatus according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the lower end of described cobbing outlet (7) can install the further sorting unit of cobbing (70) additional.
8. according to claim 1 or 7 described domestic waste broken bag disintegrating apparatus, it is characterized in that: described cobbing outlet (7) but side panel perforate and install air cleaning unit (80) additional.
9. domestic waste broken bag disintegrating apparatus according to claim 1 is characterized in that: can install equipment operational monitoring recorder (90) in the described electric protective device (7) additional.
CN2011101674436A 2011-06-21 2011-06-21 Municipal domestic waste bag-breaking crushing equipment CN102247907A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN2011101674436A CN102247907A (en) 2011-06-21 2011-06-21 Municipal domestic waste bag-breaking crushing equipment

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101674436A CN102247907A (en) 2011-06-21 2011-06-21 Municipal domestic waste bag-breaking crushing equipment

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CN102247907A true CN102247907A (en) 2011-11-23

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103100472A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-05-15 北京洁绿科技发展有限公司 Bag breaking and crushing integrated device of kitchen garbage
CN103204386A (en) * 2013-04-17 2013-07-17 天地(唐山)矿业科技有限公司 Movable crushing car loader
CN103316745A (en) * 2013-06-24 2013-09-25 四川治源环保成套设备有限责任公司 Garbage crusher convenient to wash
CN103341389A (en) * 2013-06-24 2013-10-09 四川治源环保成套设备有限责任公司 Environment-friendly household garbage crusher
CN104588167A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-05-06 湖南有色环保建材有限公司 Crusher
CN105834198A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-10 哈尔滨理工大学 Kitchen waste solid-liquid separation system and solid-liquid separation method
CN111389883A (en) * 2020-03-26 2020-07-10 广东产品质量监督检验研究院(国家质量技术监督局广州电气安全检验所、广东省试验认证研究院、华安实验室) Garbage treatment system and garbage treatment method

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103100472A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-05-15 北京洁绿科技发展有限公司 Bag breaking and crushing integrated device of kitchen garbage
CN103204386A (en) * 2013-04-17 2013-07-17 天地(唐山)矿业科技有限公司 Movable crushing car loader
CN103204386B (en) * 2013-04-17 2016-06-22 天地(唐山)矿业科技有限公司 A kind of mobile crushing carloader
CN103316745A (en) * 2013-06-24 2013-09-25 四川治源环保成套设备有限责任公司 Garbage crusher convenient to wash
CN103341389A (en) * 2013-06-24 2013-10-09 四川治源环保成套设备有限责任公司 Environment-friendly household garbage crusher
CN104588167A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-05-06 湖南有色环保建材有限公司 Crusher
CN105834198A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-10 哈尔滨理工大学 Kitchen waste solid-liquid separation system and solid-liquid separation method
CN111389883A (en) * 2020-03-26 2020-07-10 广东产品质量监督检验研究院(国家质量技术监督局广州电气安全检验所、广东省试验认证研究院、华安实验室) Garbage treatment system and garbage treatment method

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Application publication date: 20111123

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