CN102246621B - Hand-operated lifting device which is convenient to excavate - Google Patents

Hand-operated lifting device which is convenient to excavate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102246621B
CN102246621B CN 201110133820 CN201110133820A CN102246621B CN 102246621 B CN102246621 B CN 102246621B CN 201110133820 CN201110133820 CN 201110133820 CN 201110133820 A CN201110133820 A CN 201110133820A CN 102246621 B CN102246621 B CN 102246621B
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lifting
support assembly
column
pulley
convenient
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CN102246621A (en
Inventor
朱余清
陈学深
洪添胜
苏建
温威
陈姗
杨洲
宋淑然
岳学军
张永博
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South China Agricultural University
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South China Agricultural University
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Abstract

The invention discloses a hand-operated lifting device which is convenient to excavate. The hand-operated lifting device comprises a lifting device, a power device 5 and an excavation drill 15, wherein the lifting device comprises a stand column and a lifting device arranged on the stand column; the lifting device comprises a lifting support assembly, a large pulley fixed support assembly, a large pulley, a rotating shaft, a small pulley, a steel wire rope and a lifting guide pipe; the lifting support assembly is arranged on the stand column by the lifting guide pipe; the large pulley fixed support assembly is arranged on the stand column; the rotating shaft is arranged on the large pulley fixed support assembly; the large pulley is arranged on the rotating shaft; the small pulley is arranged on an upper fixed support assembly; and the steel wire rope is arranged in a hub of the large pulley and is connected with the lifting support assembly by the small pulley. In the hand-operated lifting device which is convenient to excavate and the improvement on an excavator, due to the adoption of mechanical force transfer and manual control, the excavating effect can be improved effectively, the drilling degree of the excavation drill can be controlled conveniently, and the obstruction of hard soil on the excavation drill can be overcome, and thus, the hand-operated lifting device is convenient and durable. Simultaneously, work which is applied by the counterforce which is born by the excavation drill is not transferred to human bodies directly, but is weakened by a mechanical force arm to be transferred to the human bodies, so the labor intensity of operators is low, and the hand-operated lifting device is safe and reliable.

Description

The manual lifting device of being convenient to excavate
Technical field
The present invention relates to the excavator field, particularly a kind of improvement of the manual lifting device of being convenient to excavate.
Background technology
China occupies world-class Orange Producing big country.In China, approximately there are 90% oranges and tangerines to be planted on the mountain region.In the past, generally adopt hoe or spades manually to dig pit to apply fertilizer.Therefore, dig the labour intensity of cave operation very large.Even and many orchards are in the steep scabland that does not have the track fully in slope, therefore cause higher suspension type hole digger and the chain ditcher of present technology maturation while efficient to enter.Like this, in those places, almost completely by manually digging the cave operation, cause the application efficiency of fertilizer low.In sum, it is necessary developing the earth auger tool that is applicable to rugged mountain region.
At present, existing take gasoline engine as power and portable earth auger that can portable one man operation on the market.This class earth auger compact conformation, volume is little, lightweight and maneuverability, convenient in carrying.Generally advanced the mountain region orangery by people's manual handling, rely on its carry out " cave-applied fertilizer " front dig the cave operation.But in actual use, still there are the following problems for such light earth auger: one, the manual direct control excavating bur of operating personnel, wayward driving speed; Two, the manual direct control excavating bur of operating personnel, the reaction force work that excavating bur bears is directly imported arm into, is born by the operator fully, causes operator's labour intensity very large; Three, the manual direct control excavating bur of operating personnel, close to the drill bit of excavating bur, drill bit is easily hurted sb.'s feelings; Four, the manual direct control excavating bur of operating personnel, excavating bur is to the bad adaptability of hard soil.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, and a kind of manual lifting device of being convenient to excavate is provided.The employing mechanical-force-transmission of this elevator, the labour intensity and the power transmission effect that effectively reduce labourer are good, safe and reliable.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is: comprise elevating mechanism, power set and excavating bur; Described elevating mechanism comprises column and is arranged on elevator on the column; Elevator on the described column comprises lifting support assembly, large pulley fixed support assembly, large pulley, rotating shaft, truckle, steel wire rope and lifting catheter; Described lifting support assembly is installed on the column by lifting catheter; Described large pulley fixed support assembly is located on the column, and described rotating shaft is located on the large pulley fixed support assembly; In the described rotating shaft large pulley is housed; Described truckle is installed on the fixed support assembly, in the described large pulley Lun Stainless steel wire rope is installed, and described steel wire rope connects the lifting support assembly by truckle.
Preferably, the elevator on the described column also comprises hi/local crank, and described hi/local crank is located at the end of rotating shaft.
Preferably, described large pulley fixed support assembly is provided with bearing, and described rotating shaft is installed on the bearing; Described large pulley fixed support assembly also is provided with the crank limited block of restriction hi/local crank.
Preferably, described column has three, and described column is triangular shape to be arranged, and the head and end of the column that described triangular shape is arranged is fixed with fixed support assembly and lower fixed support assembly.
Preferably, the fixed bracket assembly comprises three upper fixed supports, and fixed support head and the tail level connects successively, is corresponding triangle and is horizontally fixed on the column head end.
Preferably, described lower fixed support assembly comprises three lower fixed supports, and described lower fixed support head and the tail level connects successively, is corresponding triangle and is horizontally fixed on pipe column end.
Preferably, the bottom of described column is respectively equipped with support foot rest; Described column is hollow circular-tube.
Preferably, the bottom of described column also is provided with land wheel; The quantity of described land wheel is two, is located at respectively different column bottoms.
Preferably, the lowest point of described land wheel is higher than the earth point of support foot rest.
Preferably, described lifting support assembly is provided with installing hole, and described power set and excavating bur are installed on the installing hole by bolt.
In sum, the present invention has following beneficial effect with respect to prior art:
1, mechanical-force-transmission is adopted in the present invention's manual lifting device of being convenient to excavate and the improvement of excavator, manually control, but Effective Raise mining effect, and both the progress of convenient control excavating bur can effectively overcome again hard soil to its obstruction that causes, and was convenient durable;
2, mechanical-force-transmission is adopted in the present invention's manual lifting device of being convenient to excavate and the improvement of excavator, and the reaction force work that excavating bur bears can directly not imported human body into, but human body is passed in the weakening of advancing the mechanical arm of force again, and operator's labour intensity is little;
3, the present invention's manual lifting device of being convenient to excavate and the improvement of excavator, the drill bit of excavating bur has suitable distance from the operator, guarantees operator's safety.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the stereogram that is provided with the excavator of manual lifting device;
Fig. 2 is the front view of manual lifting device;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of manual lifting device;
Fig. 4 is the lifting support vertical view of manual lifting device.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited to this.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of manual lifting device of being convenient to excavate comprises elevating mechanism, power set 5 and excavating bur 15.Power set 5 are located on the elevating mechanism; Excavating bur 15 is connected with elevating mechanism.Power set 5 are gasoline engine, and excavating bur 15 is mainly excavating bur.As we know from the figure, lifting support assembly 4 is provided with installing hole, and power set 5 and excavating bur 15 are installed on the installing hole by bolt.By human control hi/local crank 7, when 4 declines of lifting support assembly and power set 5 dynamic output, drive excavating bur 15 rotations and be dug into soil, when human control hi/local crank 7 rises lifting support assembly 4, the excavating bur rotation is also risen simultaneously, be easy to cast aside soil, the reciprocal process of this decline and rising is easy to realize that the earth screw head digs the function of soil, the cave bore dia that is dug out equals earth screw head diameter, and the cave hole depth can be controlled according to actual needs.
Shown in Fig. 1,2,3 and 4, in the present embodiment, elevating mechanism comprises the elevator on matrix, support foot rest 1 and the column.Support foot rest 1 is located at base end.Matrix by three be the column 3 that triangular shape arranges, upper fixed support assembly 9 and the lower fixed support assembly 14 that is fixed on column 3 head and ends surrounds.Column 3 is hollow circular-tube.Upper fixed support assembly 9 comprises three upper fixed supports, and upper fixed support head and the tail level connects successively, is corresponding triangle and is horizontally fixed on column 3 head ends.Lower fixed support assembly 14 comprises three lower fixed supports, and lower fixed support head and the tail level connects successively, is corresponding triangle and is horizontally fixed on pipe column end.
Then be provided with the elevator on the column on the column 3.Elevator on the column comprises lifting support assembly 4, large pulley fixed support assembly 6, large pulley 8, rotating shaft, truckle 11, steel wire rope 12, hi/local crank 7 and lifting catheter 13.Lifting support assembly 4 is installed on the column 3 by lifting catheter 13, and large pulley fixed support assembly 6 is located on the column 3 simultaneously.Lifting catheter 13 internal diameters are greater than column 3 external diameters, and lifting support assembly 4 can move up and down with respect to column 3 by these three lifting catheters 13.Rotating shaft is located on the large pulley fixed support assembly 6, and particularly, large pulley fixed support assembly 6 is provided with two bearings, and rotating shaft is installed on the bearing.Large pulley 8 is housed in the rotating shaft, and the rotating shaft end is provided with hi/local crank 7.Truckle 11 is installed on the fixed support assembly 9, in the large pulley 8 Lun Stainless steel wire rope 12 is installed, and steel wire rope 12 connects lifting support assembly 4 by truckle 11.The operator rotates large pulley 8 by shaking hi/local crank 7, thereby drive steel wire rope 12, the power set 5 that are installed in lifting support assembly 4, the excavating bur 15 that is connected with lifting support assembly 4 are moved up and down, thereby realize that excavating bur 15 is digging the cave downwards and upwards promoting of drill bit.
In addition, the bottom of column 3 is provided with land wheel 2, and the quantity of land wheel 2 is two, is located at respectively different columns 3 bottoms.Further, the lowest point of land wheel 2 is higher than the earth point of support foot rest 1.Like this, when column 3 tilts to certain direction, land wheel 2 ground connection, support foot rest 1 is liftoff, realizes that complete machine moves.
Above-described embodiment is preferred embodiment of the present invention only, is not to limit practical range of the present invention.Being that all equalizations of doing according to content of the present invention change and modification, all is claim of the present invention scope required for protection.

Claims (10)

1. a manual lifting device of being convenient to excavate comprises elevating mechanism, power set (5) and excavating bur (15); It is characterized in that: described elevating mechanism comprises column (3) and is arranged on elevator on the column (3); Elevator on the described column (3) comprises lifting support assembly (4), large pulley fixed support assembly (6), large pulley (8), rotating shaft, truckle (11), steel wire rope (12) and lifting catheter (13); Described lifting support assembly (4) is installed on the column (3) by lifting catheter (13); Described large pulley fixed support assembly (6) is located on the column (3), and described rotating shaft is located on the large pulley fixed support assembly (6); Large pulley (8) is housed in the described rotating shaft; Described truckle (11) is installed on the fixed support assembly (9), and (in the 8) Lun Stainless steel wire rope (12) is installed, described steel wire rope (12) connects lifting support assembly (4) by truckle (11) to described large pulley.
2. the manual lifting device of being convenient to excavate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the elevator on the described column (3) also comprises hi/local crank (7), described hi/local crank (7) is located at the end of rotating shaft.
3. the manual lifting device of being convenient to excavate according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described large pulley fixed support assembly (6) is provided with bearing, and described rotating shaft is installed on the bearing; Described large pulley fixed support assembly (6) also is provided with the crank limited block (10) of restriction hi/local crank (7).
4. the manual lifting device of being convenient to excavate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described column (3) has three, described column (3) is triangular shape to be arranged, and the head and end of the column (3) that described triangular shape is arranged is fixed with fixed support assembly (9) and lower fixed support (14) assembly.
5. the manual lifting device of being convenient to excavate according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: fixed bracket assembly (9) comprises three upper fixed supports, fixed support head and the tail level connects successively, is corresponding triangle and is horizontally fixed on column (3) head end.
6. the manual lifting device of being convenient to excavate according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described lower fixed support assembly (14) comprises three lower fixed supports, described lower fixed support head and the tail level connects successively, is corresponding triangle and is horizontally fixed on pipe column end.
7. each described manual lifting device of being convenient to excavate according to claim 1-6, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described column (3) is respectively equipped with support foot rest (1); Described column (3) is hollow circular-tube.
8. the manual lifting device of being convenient to excavate according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described column (3) also is provided with land wheel (2); The quantity of described land wheel (2) is two, is located at respectively different column (3) bottom.
9. the manual lifting device of being convenient to excavate according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: the lowest point of described land wheel (2) is higher than the earth point of support foot rest (1).
10. the manual lifting device of being convenient to excavate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described lifting support assembly (4) is provided with installing hole, and described power set (5) and excavating bur (15) are installed on the installing hole by bolt.
CN 201110133820 2011-05-23 2011-05-23 Hand-operated lifting device which is convenient to excavate Active CN102246621B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110133820 CN102246621B (en) 2011-05-23 2011-05-23 Hand-operated lifting device which is convenient to excavate

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110133820 CN102246621B (en) 2011-05-23 2011-05-23 Hand-operated lifting device which is convenient to excavate

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CN102246621A CN102246621A (en) 2011-11-23
CN102246621B true CN102246621B (en) 2013-01-09

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103444490A (en) * 2013-01-25 2013-12-18 杨挺 Small hand-pushed tree planting machine for agriculture and forestry
CN107905742A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-04-13 黄忠超 A kind of electric pole perforator

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11127620A (en) * 1997-10-24 1999-05-18 Hiroaki Muramatsu Onion transplanter
US7337733B2 (en) * 2005-06-09 2008-03-04 Gary W. Clem, Inc. Distance measuring device for planter
CN201131128Y (en) * 2007-10-31 2008-10-15 阿克苏市天合机械制造有限责任公司 A push lifting type hole borer
CN100548106C (en) * 2008-05-26 2009-10-14 葛玉明 Sliding-raising mechanism of ditcher

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