CN102245075B - Pre-rinsing of dishes - Google Patents

Pre-rinsing of dishes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102245075B
CN102245075B CN200980150406.5A CN200980150406A CN102245075B CN 102245075 B CN102245075 B CN 102245075B CN 200980150406 A CN200980150406 A CN 200980150406A CN 102245075 B CN102245075 B CN 102245075B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vessel
flushing
machine
advance
washing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN200980150406.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102245075A (en
Inventor
马格纳斯·埃里克松
罗杰·弗兰松
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WEXIOEDISK AB
Original Assignee
WEXIOEDISK AB
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to SE0802590A priority Critical patent/SE533128C2/en
Priority to SE0802590-0 priority
Application filed by WEXIOEDISK AB filed Critical WEXIOEDISK AB
Priority to PCT/SE2009/051409 priority patent/WO2010071560A1/en
Publication of CN102245075A publication Critical patent/CN102245075A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102245075B publication Critical patent/CN102245075B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L15/00Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware
    • A47L15/0076Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware of non-domestic use type, e.g. commercial dishwashers for bars, hotels, restaurants, canteens or hospitals
    • A47L15/0081Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware of non-domestic use type, e.g. commercial dishwashers for bars, hotels, restaurants, canteens or hospitals with vertical sliding closing doors, e.g. hood-type dishwashers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L15/00Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware
    • A47L15/14Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware with stationary crockery baskets and spraying devices within the cleaning chamber
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L15/00Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware
    • A47L15/14Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware with stationary crockery baskets and spraying devices within the cleaning chamber
    • A47L15/18Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware with stationary crockery baskets and spraying devices within the cleaning chamber with movably-mounted spraying devices
    • A47L15/22Rotary spraying devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L15/00Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware
    • A47L15/42Details
    • A47L15/4291Recovery arrangements, e.g. for the recovery of energy or water
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L15/00Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware
    • A47L15/0002Washing processes, i.e. machine working principles characterised by phases or operational steps
    • A47L15/0005Rinsing phases, e.g. pre-rinsing, intermediate rinsing, final rinsing

Abstract

A device for batch-wise pre-rinsing of dishes prior to washing comprises spray means (70a-b) for spraying a rinsing liquid, the spray means (70a-b) being arranged in a rinsing chamber (64), which is adapted to receive and enclose a batch of dishes (28), the rinsing chamber (64) being adapted to be opened after the dishes (28) have been rinsed for removal of the pre-rinsed dishes (28).

Description

The pre-flushing of vessel
Invention field
The present invention relates to the apparatus and method of in batches rinsing in advance vessel (dish) before washing, by realizing pre-flushing for the sprinkling equipment of spray irrigation liquid.The invention still further relates to the system of cleaning vessel, comprise the device for rinse in advance vessel in batches.
Background technology
The process of cleaning contamination vessel (such as kitchen utensils are as plate, glass, cutlery (cutlery), pan etc.) generally includes following steps:
Vessel are put into ware wash machine basket (dishwasher basket) so that batch processing vessel;
In ware wash machine basket, rinse vessel with pre-rinsing step, wherein large swill is removed and dry and hard swill scatters by torch-type spray thrower (pistol sprayer);
The ware wash machine basket that contains vessel is put into ware wash machine;
Press washing procedure ware washing, it generally includes a step or multistep pre-wash step, washing step and rinsing step; And
From ware wash machine, take out the ware wash machine basket that contains clean vessel.
Effectively pre-flushing can promote in pre-rinse stage and the cleaning in the washing stage subsequently.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of process of more effective cleaning vessel.Rely on the device that in batches rinses in advance vessel before washing and realize this object, this device comprises the sprinkling equipment for spray irrigation liquid, sprinkling equipment is arranged in developing room, this developing room is suitable for receiving and sealing a collection of vessel, developing room is suitable for being opened after vessel are rinsed, for taking out the pre-vessel that rinsed.Developing room can be with any optional direction for example from spraying vessel below or with more than one direction, stops the operator of splash ware wash machine or object around simultaneously.This allows more thoroughly rinsing in advance of vessel, makes thus washing subsequently more easily and more effectively and/or thus improve wash result.The invention enables the amount of the washing agent that may for example reduce wash time and/or use in washing operation subsequently.Another advantage is that described device can easily be suitable for pre-flushing automatically, and it provides improved condition of work and allows the operator of ware wash machine in the time implementing pre-flushing, to carry out other task.
Preferably, described device comprises irrigation fluid container (rinsing liquid tank), this irrigation fluid container is arranged to receive the collected flushing liquid having sprayed from described sprinkling equipment, and described Plant arrangement one-tenth is recycled to described sprinkling equipment at pre-flush period chien shih flushing liquid from irrigation fluid container.Rely on this recirculation of flushing liquid, obtain the less consumption of more effective pre-flushing and/or flushing liquid (for example water), because same liquid can be for several times for spraying vessel.In addition, in the pre-flusher of the hot flushing liquid of use, recirculation can be saved energy, utilizes because need the amount of heated flushing liquid to be less than the device that wherein flushing liquid is not recycled.In addition,, due to irrigation fluid container, can store the object of flushing liquid for the vessel of other batch of pre-flushing after a while.
Preferably, described device comprises the import of the flushing liquid using in the washing of ware wash machine or flushing process.By reuse from ware wash machine wash vessel water (dishwater), can further reduce water consumption and electric consumption, because do not need to for the pre-unit feeding clean water rinsing.In addition, the pre-flush efficiency that washing of the using fact that vessel water conventionally heated in washing process causes energy saving and/or increased.In addition, the vessel water of washing using contains washing agent conventionally, and this contributes to make the dry and hard swill on vessel to scatter between pre-flush period.
In a preferred embodiment, developing room comprises the instrument (means) for receiving vessel rinsing maching basket.This is convenient to putting into and taking out of a collection of vessel in pre-flusher.
According to an embodiment, described sprinkling equipment is rotatable around the axle of perpendicular.This embodiment can be distributed to the flushing liquid of spray on vessel in effective mode.
According to an embodiment, the top part of developing room is defined by vertical adjustable cover.Putting in this embodiment vessel is in batch to be extremely easy to.
According to another aspect of the present invention, provide a kind of process of more effective cleaning vessel by rinsed in advance the method for vessel before washing in batches, described method comprises: a collection of vessel are put into developing room; Close developing room; In developing room, rinse vessel with flushing liquid; Open developing room; And take out this batch of vessel.Developing room can be with any optional direction for example from spraying vessel below or with more than one direction, stops splash to arrive the operator of ware wash machine or object around simultaneously.This allows more thoroughly rinsing in advance of vessel, makes thus washing process subsequently more easily and more effectively and/or thus improve wash result.In addition, if process is automation wholly or in part, condition of work is modified and the operator of ware wash machine can carry out other task in realizing pre-flushing so.The vessel that this batch rinsed in advance, by after developing room takes out, can be transferred to the independent ware wash machine for described subsequent wash.
Preferably, described method comprises: collect from the flushing liquid of developing room, and with collected flushing liquid flushing vessel.This makes the less consumption of more effective pre-flushing and/or flushing liquid (for example water) become possibility, because same liquid can be for several times for spraying vessel.In addition,, if pre-purging method needs hot flushing liquid, recirculation can help save energy, because need to heat the flushing liquid of small amount.
Preferably, described method comprises the flushing liquid receiving from ware wash machine.By reuse from ware wash machine wash vessel water or flushing water, can further reduce water consumption and electric consumption, because do not need to for the pre-unit feeding clean water rinsing.In addition, the pre-flush efficiency that the fact that the flushing liquid receiving has been heated conventionally in ware wash machine causes energy saving and/or increased.In addition, the flushing liquid receiving contains washing agent conventionally, and this contributes to make the dry and hard swill on vessel to scatter between pre-flush period.
According to another aspect of the present invention, by a kind of process of more effective cleaning vessel is provided for the system of cleaning vessel, described system comprises: ware wash machine, it is for wash the vessel that rinse in advance in batches, described ware wash machine is provided with for the used outlet of washing vessel water, described system also comprises the device for rinse in advance vessel in batches, and this device is provided with the import of flushing liquid, and this import is connected to the outlet of washing vessel water using of ware wash machine.Save electricity and water for such system of cleaning vessel, improved wash result is provided simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing summary
Below, will, by reference to accompanying drawing, with preferred but nonrestrictive embodiment, the present invention be described in more detail.
Fig. 1 illustrates the device for rinse in advance the prior art of vessel in batches, and uses.
Fig. 2 is the diagrammatic side view for rinse in advance the device of vessel in batches.
Fig. 3 is the sectional view of the device of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the view along the cross section IV-IV of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is illustrating of system for cleaning vessel.This system comprises the device for rinse in advance the vessel of type illustrated in Fig. 2-Fig. 4 in batches.
Fig. 6 is the illustrating of another embodiment of the system for cleaning vessel.
The description of preferred embodiment
Fig. 1 illustrates the device for rinse in advance the prior art of vessel in batches, and uses.This device comprises torch-type spray thrower 10, and torch-type spray thrower 10 comprises torch-type spray thrower flexible pipe 12 and torch-type spray thrower nozzle 14.Torch-type spray thrower is connected to water pipe 16, and is fixed to the groove (sink) 20 that is provided with pond 22.Pond 22 has bottom filter (not shown), for stoping large swill to pour drainage.
By operator 24, the ware wash machine basket 26 that a collection of contamination vessel 28 are housed is put on groove 20, pre-flushing is realized in 22 tops, pond.Then operator 24 starts torch-type spray thrower 10 by lever 18, thereby makes torch-type spray thrower nozzle 14 from the jet of water being sprayed to this batch of vessel 28 above.Operator 24 is held in torch-type spray thrower nozzle 14 in a hand, and can guide the jet stream of water to cross vessel 28 by aiming at torch-type spray thrower nozzle 14.
In the time completing the pre-flushing of vessel 28, the ware wash machine basket 26 that contains the pre-vessel that rinsed 28 is transferred to ware wash machine (not shown) by operator 24, then ware washing 28 in ware wash machine.
Fig. 2 illustrates according to of the present invention for rinse in advance the embodiment of the embodiment of the device of vessel in batches.The figure shows pre-flushing machine 50.Machine 50 has framework 52, and it is provided with shoulder shape thing 54 (Fig. 3), and shoulder shape thing 54 is arranged to support the ware wash machine basket 26 of 500mm normal width.Vertical adjustable cover 58 be arranged to allow to contain when its lifting position (representing with solid line in Fig. 2) the ware wash machine basket 26 that stains vessel 28 by cover gap 62 access to plant 50 being placed on shoulder shape thing 54.In the time of down position, (in Fig. 2, dot), cover 58 is arranged near framework 52, thereby forms closed developing room 64 (Fig. 3).Cover 58 is arranged to rely on lever 60 to rise and decline.
Fig. 3 is the sectional view that rinses in advance machine 50.Machine 50 and the cover in down position 58 are illustrated.Framework 52 comprises irrigation fluid container 66, and irrigation fluid container 66 use flushing liquids are filled, and for example water, until the level being limited by overflow pipe 68.Overflow pipe 68 is connected to drainage 79 (in a not shown manner).
The horizontal rinse arm 70a on top is positioned at the top part of framework 52 and is rotatable around the axle 69a of perpendicular.The rinse arm 70a on top is provided with multiple spray spout (not shown)s, and multiple spray spouts point to downwards, for spraying to vessel 28 from top by flushing liquid.The horizontal rinse arm 70b of bottom is positioned at below shoulder shape thing 54, and similarly, is rotatable around the axle 69b of perpendicular.The horizontal rinse arm 70b of bottom is provided with multiple spray spout 72b (Fig. 4), and multiple spray spout 72b are directed upwards towards for spraying to vessel 28 from below by flushing liquid.Flushing liquid pump 74 is arranged to the pump inlet 76 pumping flushing liquids of the bottom part from being positioned at irrigation fluid container 66 to rinse arm 70a-b.Have in the bottom of irrigation fluid container 66 and export 77, outlet 77 is connected to drain valve 78, for via managing 75 to the emptying irrigation fluid container 66 of drainage 79, for example, in the time that work finishes for one day or in preparation, cleans or maintains machinery 50 o'clock.
Catch tray (collecting plate) 80, for collecting from the flushing liquid of rinse arm 70a-b ejection, and covers irrigation fluid container 66 and downward-sloping towards flushing liquid filter 82.Flushing liquid filter 82 is arranged to collect the swill rinsing out from vessel 28, allows flushing liquid in the time being filtered, to flow in irrigation fluid container 66 simultaneously.In addition,, for ease of removing swill, filter 82 is suitable for putting forward from machine 50.Flushing liquid filter 82 shown in Fig. 3-Fig. 6 is relatively little.But flushing liquid filter 82 can be advantageously designed to hold relatively large swill to extend the time interval between filter 82 emptying.The perforated catch tray 80 of tool be also possibly provided or be designed to fine screen mesh, making catch tray 80 also can help the filtration of flushing liquid.
Fig. 4 is the view along the cross section IV-IV of Fig. 3.For the sake of clarity, ware wash machine basket 26 and vessel 28 are not shown.View illustrates rinse arm 70b, catch tray 80 and the filter 82 of shoulder shape thing 54, bottom.The fact that relies on filter 82 to be provided with handle 84 is convenient to the movement of filter 82.
Fig. 5 shows the system 100 of cleaning vessel.System 100 comprises the ware wash machine 150 of pre-flushing machine 50 and kind known in the art, rinses in advance machine 50 and is according to above with reference to the described pre-flushing machine of figure 2-Fig. 4.In this embodiment, ware wash machine 150 be single Container Type and comprise thering is outlet 177 the container (not shown) of washing vessel water.Ware wash machine 150 can for washing pre-rinse machine 50 in the pre-vessel 28 that rinse, or do not rinsed in advance or by with the pre-vessel 28 that rinse of any alternate manner for washing.Ware wash machine 150 also has the import 104 for clean water.The outlet 177 of ware wash machine 150 is connected to the outlet 77 of pre-flushing machine 50 via check-valves 108.Being attributed to this design, is possible by open that drain valve 78 washes vessel water and discharge flushing liquid from the irrigation fluid container 66 of pre-flushing machine 50 from ware wash machine 150 discharges simultaneously.But if drain valve 78 closes, any stream of washing vessel water from ware wash machine 150 used so will be forced in the outlet 77 of pre-flushing machine 50 and by pre-outlet 77 of rinsing machine 50 on the contrary.By this way, can make to rinse in advance machine 50 receives from ware wash machine 150 used and washes vessel water and use this water as for the pre-flushing liquid that rinses vessel 28.The level that maximum in ware wash machine 150 is washed vessel water is subject to the limitation in height of the overflow pipe 68 that rinses in advance machine 50.
Fig. 6 shows the alternative system 200 of cleaning vessel.System 200 comprises according to by above with reference to the described ware wash machine of figure 5 250 and the pre-machine 50 that rinses.But, be not as being connected to pre-flushing machine 50 via check-valves 108 Fig. 5 is illustrated, but ware wash machine 250 is connected to pre-flushing machine 50 via pump 208.Ware wash machine 250 is provided with the overflow pipe 268 that is placed in the container (not shown) of washing vessel water.Overflow pipe 268 is connected to washes vessel water out 277 and pump 208 is connected to the outlet 277 of ware wash machine 250 and rinses in advance between the import 209 in machine 50.Irrigation fluid container 66 is led in import 209, is positioned on the overflow pipe 68 being placed in one, and therefore in the time that irrigation fluid container 66 is full, is positioned on the flushing liquid level of irrigation fluid container 66.Whenever by more liquid supply to ware wash machine 250, for example, during rinse stage, will flow to pump 208 via overflow pipe 268 for any excessive liquid that there is no space in the container of washing vessel water.Pump 208 is arranged to be started in the time that liquid is fed into ware wash machine 250.For example, pump 208 can be arranged through control signal and start, and control signal control water enters to ware wash machine 250 by water inlet 104.Pump 208 can also be configured to automatically start by sensor (not shown), sensor detect wash in vessel water out 277 exist wash vessel water.Flow downward to while washing vessel water out 277 via overflow pipe 268 when washing vessel water, pump 208 is arranged to wash vessel water and deliver in the irrigation fluid container 66 being arranged on pre-flushing machine 50 washing vessel water pump from outlet 277 pumpings of ware wash machine 150.Therefore it is possible, being independent of the desired level of washing vessel water that the flushing liquid level in pre-flushing machine 50 arranges in ware wash machine 250.In addition, the irrigation fluid container 66 of the more easily emptying pre-flushing machine 50 of this embodiment support, washes vessel water and needn't discharge simultaneously in ware wash machine 250.
Should understand, can revise in every way within the scope of the claims the present invention.Therefore for example,, for the device that rinses in advance vessel 28 in batches, be not, to receive the flushing liquid from the used outlet of washing vessel water for ware wash machine.On the contrary, can be by using bucket or flexible pipe to supply with clean water via cover gap 62 to irrigation fluid container 66.
And developing room 64 needn't be defined by vertical adjustable cover.Instead, can be frontloader (front-loader) type for the pre-device that rinses vessel, wherein provide to the entering of developing room inside, for putting into vessel via the door in the wall of developing room.

Claims (10)

1. one kind is rinsed the pre-flushing machine of vessel before in batches in advance for the washing in the dish washing process in the ware wash machine independent (150,250), and described pre-flushing machine comprises the sprinkling equipment (70a-b) for spray irrigation liquid, wherein:
Described sprinkling equipment (70a-b) is arranged in developing room (64), described developing room (64) is suitable for receiving and sealing a collection of vessel (28), described developing room (64) is suitable for after vessel (28) have been rinsed and opened before dish washing, for taking out the vessel (28) that rinse in advance.
2. pre-flushing machine according to claim 1, also comprise irrigation fluid container (66), described irrigation fluid container (66) is arranged to receive the collected flushing liquid from described sprinkling equipment (70a-b) spray, and described pre-flushing machine (50) is suitable for being recycled to described sprinkling equipment (70a-b) at flushing liquid described in pre-flush period chien shih from described irrigation fluid container (66).
3. according to pre-flushing machine in any one of the preceding claims wherein, also comprise the import (77,209) of the flushing liquid for having been used by the washing at ware wash machine (150) or flushing process.
4. pre-flushing machine according to claim 1 and 2, wherein said developing room (64) comprises the instrument (54) for receiving vessel rinsing maching basket (26).
5. pre-flushing machine according to claim 1 and 2, wherein said sprinkling equipment (70a-b) is that the axle (69a-b) around perpendicular is rotatable.
6. pre-flushing machine according to claim 1 and 2, the top part of wherein said developing room (64) is defined by vertical adjustable cover (58).
7. the method for rinsed in advance vessel in dish washing process before washing in batches, is characterized in that following steps:
A collection of vessel (28) are put into developing room (64);
Close described developing room (64);
In described developing room (64), rinse in advance vessel (28) with flushing liquid;
Open described developing room (64);
Before dish washing, take out described a collection of vessel (28);
After described developing room (64) takes out, the described a collection of vessel (28) that rinsed are in advance transferred to independent ware wash machine (150,250); And
The described a collection of vessel (28) that dish washing rinsed in advance in described ware wash machine (150,250).
8. method according to claim 7, also comprises: collect the flushing liquid from described developing room (64); And rinse in advance vessel (28) with collected flushing liquid.
9. according to the method described in any one in claim 7-8, also comprise: receive the flushing liquid from ware wash machine (150).
10. for cleaning a system for vessel, comprise ware wash machine (150,250), described ware wash machine (150,250) is for wash the vessel (28) that rinse in advance, described ware wash machine (150 in batches, 250) be provided with for the used outlet of washing vessel water (177,277)
Described system (100,200) also comprises:
For rinse in advance the pre-flushing machine (50) of vessel in batches, described pre-flushing machine (50) is as described in any one in claim 1-6, described pre-flushing machine (50) is provided with the import (77 for flushing liquid, 209), described import (77,209) be connected to the described outlet (177,277) of washing vessel water using for described ware wash machine (150,250).
CN200980150406.5A 2008-12-17 2009-12-14 Pre-rinsing of dishes Active CN102245075B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SE0802590A SE533128C2 (en) 2008-12-17 2008-12-17 Apparatus and method for pre-washing of dishes
SE0802590-0 2008-12-17
PCT/SE2009/051409 WO2010071560A1 (en) 2008-12-17 2009-12-14 Pre-rinsing of dishes

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102245075A CN102245075A (en) 2011-11-16
CN102245075B true CN102245075B (en) 2014-06-18

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US (1) US20110232690A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2375957A4 (en)
JP (2) JP2012511995A (en)
CN (1) CN102245075B (en)
AU (1) AU2009327568B2 (en)
BR (1) BRPI0917781A2 (en)
CA (1) CA2745025A1 (en)
RU (1) RU2537129C2 (en)
SE (1) SE533128C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2010071560A1 (en)

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US10105033B2 (en) 2013-03-21 2018-10-23 Seven Hour Drive, LLC Auxiliary gray water source device for commercial kitchens
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Publication number Publication date
AU2009327568A1 (en) 2010-06-24
SE0802590A1 (en) 2010-06-18
CN102245075A (en) 2011-11-16
WO2010071560A1 (en) 2010-06-24
RU2011129600A (en) 2013-01-27
EP2375957A1 (en) 2011-10-19
SE533128C2 (en) 2010-06-29
CA2745025A1 (en) 2010-06-24
US20110232690A1 (en) 2011-09-29
RU2537129C2 (en) 2014-12-27
AU2009327568B2 (en) 2014-10-09
BRPI0917781A2 (en) 2016-03-01
JP2015231568A (en) 2015-12-24
EP2375957A4 (en) 2017-07-26
JP2012511995A (en) 2012-05-31

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