CN102242970A - Superconducting material heat exchange multi-flue normal-pressure energy-saving boiler - Google Patents

Superconducting material heat exchange multi-flue normal-pressure energy-saving boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102242970A
CN102242970A CN2011101860016A CN201110186001A CN102242970A CN 102242970 A CN102242970 A CN 102242970A CN 2011101860016 A CN2011101860016 A CN 2011101860016A CN 201110186001 A CN201110186001 A CN 201110186001A CN 102242970 A CN102242970 A CN 102242970A
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China
Prior art keywords
heat exchanger
radiating tube
heat
communicated
smoke pipe
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Pending
Application number
CN2011101860016A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
戴君
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戴君
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Priority to CN2011101860016A priority Critical patent/CN102242970A/en
Publication of CN102242970A publication Critical patent/CN102242970A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a superconducting material heat exchange multi-flue normal-pressure energy-saving boiler which comprises a boiler body, a hearth and a chain fire grate, wherein the hearth is positioned at the lower part of the boiler body; the chain fire grate is positioned in the hearth; a first heat exchanger and a second heat exchanger form the boiler body; the first heat exchanger is positioned at the upper part of the hearth, and the second heat exchanger is positioned at the upper part of the first heat exchanger; a steam reserve chamber is arranged between the first heat exchanger and the second heat exchanger; the first heat exchanger comprises a superconducting material and at least one group of smoke pipes; each group of smoke pipes is provided with at least one smoke pipe; the smoke pipes are immersed in the superconducting material; the smoke pipes are communicated with the hearth; the second heat exchanger comprises a heat radiating pipe and circulating water; the heat radiating pipe is immersed in the circulating water; the heat radiating pipe is communicated with the steam reserve chamber; and the upper part of the second heat exchanger is provided with a circulating water outlet, and the lower part of the second heat exchanger is provided with a circulating water inlet. A plurality of smoke pipes are immersed in the superconducting material, the superconducting material fully absorbs the heat of smoke, and the heat energy utilization ratio of fuel is high.

Description

Superconductor heat exchange thickness road atmospheric energy-saving boiler
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of boiler, particularly a kind of superconductor heat exchange thickness road atmospheric energy-saving boiler.
Background technology
Existing boiler, the flue-gas temperature at its outlet flue place is higher, and the heat energy utilization rate of boiler is reduced greatly; In order to improve the heat energy utilization rate, utilize the air intake of the smoke pre-heating boiler of heat, so, the heat energy utilization rate still is undesirable.
Summary of the invention
The present invention has the low problem of boiler hot utilization rate now in order to solve, and provides a kind of heat utilization efficiency high superconductor heat exchange thickness road atmospheric energy-saving boiler.
Body of heater, burner hearth and traveling-grate stoker have been the present invention includes, burner hearth is positioned at the bottom of body of heater, traveling-grate stoker is arranged in burner hearth, the present invention also includes first heat exchanger and second heat exchanger, first heat exchanger and second heat exchanger constitute body of heater, first heat exchanger is positioned at upper furnace, second heat exchanger is positioned at the first heat exchanger top, has steam deposit chamber between first heat exchanger and second heat exchanger, first heat exchanger is made up of superconductor and at least one group of smoke pipe, every group of smoke pipe has a smoke pipe at least, and smoke pipe is immersed in the superconductor, and smoke pipe is communicated with burner hearth; Second heat exchanger is made up of radiating tube and recirculated water, and radiating tube is immersed in the recirculated water, and radiating tube is communicated with steam deposit chamber, and the top of second heat exchanger has circulating water outlet, and the bottom has circulating water intake.
The course of work of the present invention and principle are:
Fuel burns in burner hearth, the heat that produces directly heats the superconductor in first heat exchanger of top, the flue gas that burning produces is discharged by smoke pipe, because smoke pipe is immersed in the superconductor, so, heat in the flue gas passes to superconductor by the thickness pipe, and the heat energy that fuel combustion is produced is fully utilized.
After superconductor is heated, gasification rapidly, the steam of superconductor enters in the steam deposit chamber, and enter into the radiating tube of second heat exchanger rapidly, because radiating tube is immersed in the recirculated water, with heat transferred recirculated water, the superconductor that condenses is directly got back in first heat exchanger, or returns in first heat exchanger by outer loop.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the thickness pipe is immersed in the superconductor, and superconductor absorbs the heat of flue gas fully, the heat energy utilization rate height of fuel; After superconductor is heated, gasification rapidly, the radiating tube that is immersed in the recirculated water absorbs heat fully.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a first embodiment of the present invention cross-sectional schematic.
Fig. 2 is a second embodiment of the present invention cross-sectional schematic.
Fig. 3 is the first embodiment of the present invention and the second embodiment schematic top plan view.
Fig. 4 looks schematic diagram for the first embodiment of the present invention and the second embodiment master.
The specific embodiment
See also Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 4, the present invention is by body of heater 1, burner hearth 2 and traveling-grate stoker 3 are formed, burner hearth 2 is positioned at the bottom of body of heater 1, traveling-grate stoker 3 is arranged in burner hearth 2, first heat exchanger 4 and second heat exchanger 5 constitute body of heater 1, first heat exchanger 4 and second heat exchanger 5 are positioned among the body of heater 1, first heat exchanger 4 is positioned at burner hearth 2 tops, second heat exchanger 5 is positioned at first heat exchanger, 4 tops, have steam deposit chamber 6, the first heat exchangers 4 between first heat exchanger 4 and second heat exchanger 5 and be made up of superconductor 41 and at least one group of smoke pipe, every group of smoke pipe has a smoke pipe 42 at least, smoke pipe 42 is immersed in the superconductor 41, and smoke pipe 42 is communicated with burner hearth 2;
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3, in this first embodiment and second embodiment, the A that arranges about first heat exchanger 4 has, B, C, D, E, seven groups of smoke pipes of F and G, D group smoke pipe has 12 smoke pipes 42, all the other group smoke pipes respectively have six roots of sensation smoke pipe 42, the rear end of A group smoke pipe and G group smoke pipe is communicated with burner hearth 2, the front end of A group smoke pipe and B group smoke pipe is communicated with by the first outside ash door 43, the rear end of B group smoke pipe and C group smoke pipe is communicated with by the second outside ash door 44, the front end of G group smoke pipe and F group smoke pipe is communicated with by the 5th outside ash door 47, the rear end of F group smoke pipe and E group smoke pipe is communicated with by the 4th outside ash door 46, the front end of E group smoke pipe and C group smoke pipe all is communicated with the front end of D group smoke pipe by the 3rd outside ash door 45, and the rear end of D group smoke pipe is communicated with chimney.In addition, the quantity of the smoke pipe group in first heat exchanger 4 is not limit, and the smoke pipe quantity in every group of smoke pipe is not limit, and decides according to the tonnage and the actual needs of boiler;
Second heat exchanger 5 is made up of radiating tube 51 and recirculated water 52, and radiating tube 51 is immersed in the recirculated water 52, and radiating tube 51 is communicated with steam deposit chamber 6, and the top of second heat exchanger 5 has circulating water outlet 54, and the bottom has circulating water intake 53.
As shown in Figure 1, described radiating tube 51 is many vertical tube, the lower end of each radiating tube 51 is communicated with steam deposit chamber 6, wherein second heat exchanger 5 is stretched out in the upper end of a radiating tube 51, the upper end of all the other radiating tubes 51 is closed state, and the radiating tube 51 that stretches out second heat exchanger 5 is provided with pressure-regulating valve 55.
As shown in Figure 2, described radiating tube 51 is the coiling shape, and the lower end of each radiating tube 51 is communicated with steam deposit chamber 6, and the upper end of each radiating tube 51 is communicated with return pipe 7, and return pipe 7 is communicated with first heat exchanger 4 through external heat sink 8.In addition, described radiating tube 51 shape in the shape of a spiral.
The course of work and the principle of present embodiment are:
Fuel burns in burner hearth, the heat that produces is directly to the superconductor heating in first heat exchanger 4 of top, the flue gas that burning produces is discharged by smoke pipe 42, because smoke pipe 42 is immersed in the superconductor 41, and organize smoke pipe more and be interconnected, the smoke pipe that extended, so, heat in the flue gas passes to superconductor 41 by thickness pipe 42, and the heat energy that fuel combustion is produced is fully utilized.
After superconductor 41 is heated, gasification rapidly, the steam of superconductor enters in the steam deposit chamber 6, and to enter into second heat exchanger 5 rapidly be by radiating tube 51, because being many or coiling shape or helical form, radiating tube 51 is immersed in the recirculated water 52, heat can be passed to recirculated water 52 rapidly, the superconductor 41 that condenses is directly got back in first heat exchanger 4, or returns in first heat exchanger 4 by outer loop.

Claims (4)

1. superconductor heat exchange thickness road atmospheric energy-saving boiler, it includes body of heater (1), burner hearth (2) and traveling-grate stoker (3), burner hearth (2) is positioned at the bottom of body of heater (1), traveling-grate stoker (3) is arranged in burner hearth (2), it is characterized in that: also include first heat exchanger (4) and second heat exchanger (5), first heat exchanger (4) and second heat exchanger (5) constitute body of heater (1), first heat exchanger (4) is positioned at burner hearth (2) top, second heat exchanger (5) is positioned at first heat exchanger (4) top, has steam deposit chamber (6) between first heat exchanger (4) and second heat exchanger (5), first heat exchanger (4) is made up of superconductor (41) and at least one group of smoke pipe, every group of smoke pipe has a smoke pipe (42) at least, smoke pipe (42) is immersed in the superconductor (41), and smoke pipe (42) is communicated with burner hearth (2); Second heat exchanger (5) is made up of radiating tube (51) and recirculated water (52), radiating tube (51) is immersed in the recirculated water (52), radiating tube (51) is communicated with steam deposit chamber (6), and the top of second heat exchanger (5) has circulating water outlet (54), and the bottom has circulating water intake (53).
2. a kind of superconductor heat exchange thickness according to claim 1 road atmospheric energy-saving boiler is characterized in that: be communicated with by outside ash door between the smoke pipe group of described first heat exchanger (4).
3. a kind of superconductor heat exchange thickness according to claim 1 road atmospheric energy-saving boiler, it is characterized in that: the radiating tube (51) of described second heat exchanger (5) is many vertical tube, the lower end of each radiating tube (51) is communicated with steam deposit chamber (6), wherein second heat exchanger (5) is stretched out in the upper end of a radiating tube (51), the upper end of all the other radiating tubes (51) is closed state, and the radiating tube (51) that stretches out second heat exchanger (5) is provided with pressure-regulating valve (55).
4. a kind of superconductor heat exchange thickness according to claim 1 road atmospheric energy-saving boiler, it is characterized in that: the radiating tube (51) of described second heat exchanger (5) is coiling shape or helical form, the lower end of each radiating tube (51) is communicated with steam deposit chamber (6), the upper end of each radiating tube (51) is communicated with return pipe (7), and return pipe (7) is communicated with first heat exchanger (4) through external heat sink (8).
CN2011101860016A 2011-07-05 2011-07-05 Superconducting material heat exchange multi-flue normal-pressure energy-saving boiler Pending CN102242970A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101860016A CN102242970A (en) 2011-07-05 2011-07-05 Superconducting material heat exchange multi-flue normal-pressure energy-saving boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101860016A CN102242970A (en) 2011-07-05 2011-07-05 Superconducting material heat exchange multi-flue normal-pressure energy-saving boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102242970A true CN102242970A (en) 2011-11-16

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103591689A (en) * 2012-08-13 2014-02-19 朱杰 Condensing gas water heater
CN105155178A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-12-16 广东大众农业科技股份有限公司 Method for extracting printing and dyeing waste water heat with low cost
CN105509099A (en) * 2016-01-06 2016-04-20 王华臣 Double-heat-collection radiator

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH04186058A (en) * 1990-11-16 1992-07-02 Yazaki Corp Heat storage device, and heat accumulator and evaporator
CN1073514A (en) * 1991-12-19 1993-06-23 杜一 Efficient coal-saving heater with super heat conductivity
CN2322121Y (en) * 1998-04-06 1999-06-02 敫铁拴 Boiler waste heat super conductive exchanger
CN2453323Y (en) * 2000-11-17 2001-10-10 中国石化胜利油田有限公司规划设计研究院 Vacuum tube type super conducting medium heating stove
CN2473517Y (en) * 2001-04-29 2002-01-23 徐坤勇 Heat superconduction gas firing central heating hot water boiler
CN202188634U (en) * 2011-07-06 2012-04-11 戴君 Superconducting material heat exchange normal-pressure energy-saving boiler with multiple flue ducts

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH04186058A (en) * 1990-11-16 1992-07-02 Yazaki Corp Heat storage device, and heat accumulator and evaporator
CN1073514A (en) * 1991-12-19 1993-06-23 杜一 Efficient coal-saving heater with super heat conductivity
CN2322121Y (en) * 1998-04-06 1999-06-02 敫铁拴 Boiler waste heat super conductive exchanger
CN2453323Y (en) * 2000-11-17 2001-10-10 中国石化胜利油田有限公司规划设计研究院 Vacuum tube type super conducting medium heating stove
CN2473517Y (en) * 2001-04-29 2002-01-23 徐坤勇 Heat superconduction gas firing central heating hot water boiler
CN202188634U (en) * 2011-07-06 2012-04-11 戴君 Superconducting material heat exchange normal-pressure energy-saving boiler with multiple flue ducts

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103591689A (en) * 2012-08-13 2014-02-19 朱杰 Condensing gas water heater
CN103591689B (en) * 2012-08-13 2018-10-09 朱杰 Condensation-type gas boiler
CN105155178A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-12-16 广东大众农业科技股份有限公司 Method for extracting printing and dyeing waste water heat with low cost
CN105509099A (en) * 2016-01-06 2016-04-20 王华臣 Double-heat-collection radiator
CN105509099B (en) * 2016-01-06 2017-09-12 王华臣 It is secondary to adopt hot furnace

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Application publication date: 20111116