CN102242685B - Siphon power generation device and method by utilizing water backflow - Google Patents

Siphon power generation device and method by utilizing water backflow Download PDF

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CN102242685B
CN102242685B CN2011101693653A CN201110169365A CN102242685B CN 102242685 B CN102242685 B CN 102242685B CN 2011101693653 A CN2011101693653 A CN 2011101693653A CN 201110169365 A CN201110169365 A CN 201110169365A CN 102242685 B CN102242685 B CN 102242685B
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water
platform
pipe
siphon
outlet pipe
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CN102242685A (en
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陈贞碧
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陈贞碧
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of power generation, in particular to a siphon power generation device and method by utilizing water backflow. The device is characterized in that at least two high-power horizontal water pumps are arranged on a dam; one ends of the water pumps are connected with a water inlet pipe; one end of a water outlet pipe is arranged at the other ends of the water pumps; the other end of the water outlet pipe is connected with a water turbine; a pool is arranged on a platform on the top of the dam; a circular platform is arranged in the middle of the pool; at least three high-power vertical water pumps are arranged on the circular platform and are connected with the water inlet pipe and the water outlet pipe; a generator is arranged at the upper part of the platform; the water turbine is arranged at the bottom of the generator; a water tank is arranged outside the platform on the top of the dam; a valve is arranged in the water tank; and a siphon water pipe is connected to a circular groove at two sides at the bottom of the pool. The device and the method disclosed by the invention have the advantages that: a water resource is repetitively used for generating electric energy so as to achieve continuous power generation; due to extensive uses, the device can also be used for south-to-north water diversion; and an advantage for utilizing the unevenly-distributed and limited fresh water resource on the earth rationally and efficiency by the whole human can be created.

Description

A kind of aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device and method utilized
[technical field]
The present invention relates to technical field of power generation, specifically a kind of aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device and method utilized.
[background technique]
At present, shortage of water resources, energy problem has caused the common problem of paying close attention to of the people of the world; Had aqueous reflux in the world, their way is that the electric energy or the diesel oil of consume significant is extracted into the usefulness that eminence is gone irrigated farmland and industry with water, and the huge peasant of letting of its cost, workman are difficult to bear; And effect is very undesirable, and the life of equipment that uses is extremely short, and receives the restriction in geographical position; Device is made extremely inconvenient, the too high a series of problems of manufacture cost.
[summary of the invention]
The objective of the invention is to plug a gap, work out a kind ofly brand-new not only draw water but also generate electricity, broad-spectrum aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device and the method utilized such as irrigation.
To achieve these goals, the present invention designs a kind of aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device that utilizes, and comprises dam, it is characterized in that described dam is based upon in the fresh water; Dam is a trapezium structure, and step one-level platform is provided with at least two high power horizontal type water pumps, and the horizontal pump bottom is provided with the damping pin, and the damping pin is fixed on the platform; Water pump one end connects first intake pipe, and the water pump the other end is provided with first outlet pipe, one end, and the other end of first outlet pipe connects water turbine, and the described first intake pipe top is provided with damping tube; The damping tube bottom is provided with sediment tube, and sediment tube and the welding of first intake pipe connect together, and first intake pipe, one end is provided with filter screen, and the first intake pipe water intake is provided with first suction booster; First suction booster supports with the water-bed steel pipe that adopts, and the first intake pipe water inlet is supported with the water-bed concrete column that adopts, and the other end of water pump connects an end of first outlet pipe, and the other end of first outlet pipe connects an end of shower; The described first outlet pipe bottom is provided with damping tube, and the dam top platform is provided with the pond, and the round pool both sides connect water pipe respectively, and described water pipe is the siphon water pipe; Described basin bottom at least 5 circular troughs arranged evenly are provided with circular platform in the middle of the pond, platform by some cylinder support and connection in the round pool bottom, concrete platform be about double-layer structure; The bottom surface of upper mounting plate and the ground of lower bolster are on a horizontal plane, and described upper mounting plate surface is provided with vent, and platform is provided with several damping pin, and at least three high-power vertical water pumps are housed on the damping pin; One end of water pump connects an end of second intake pipe, and the described water pump the other end connects an end of second outlet pipe, and the second intake pipe top is provided with sediment tube, and the sediment tube front end is provided with pressure inlet; The pressure inlet front end is provided with damping tube, and the pressure inlet bottom is provided with strut and is connected on the platform, and a filter screen is installed on the other end port of described second intake pipe, and the top of filter screen center is provided with second suction booster; Second suction booster is fixed through strut and circular trough, and the other end of described second intake pipe is connected through strut with circular trough, and second outlet pipe is provided with damping tube, and the top of upper mounting plate is provided with generator; The generator bottom is provided with water turbine, and generator is connected with the middle bearing that adopts of water turbine, and an iron plate is installed on water turbine top, and the generator bottom is fixing to being connected by supporting post between the iron plate; Adopt concrete wall to be fixedly connected between iron plate and the lower bolster, it is fixing that upper mounting plate and lower bolster use the supporting post of setting up from basin bottom to be connected, and the connection of basin bottom employing supporting post is fixed; The bottom of said upper mounting plate bottom and lower bolster in one plane, the dam top platform is provided with tank outward, is provided with valve in the tank; Connected the siphon water pipe in the circular trough on basin bottom both sides, an end of siphon water pipe connects pressure inlet, and pressure inlet sweeps away face and is provided with horizontal water turbine; The other end of siphon water pipe is provided with the 3rd suction booster, adopts bearing to connect generator in the middle of the horizontal water turbine, and the generator bottom is provided with the damping pin; The damping pin is installed on the platform, and platform adopts four supporting posts to be connected in the bottom, and the peak of described water pipe is provided with switch; Just vertically descend to peak, the blade of water turbine is a lever shape, and the blade front end is a spoon shape structure.
Fresh water is river, river, lake water, pond.
The described second outlet pipe highest point is 7 apart from the one-level flat surface---9 meters.
Described utilize aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device to use separately or equidistantly be arranged in parallel many use or arrange many uses by the directivity rotation.
Described siphon water pipe, intake pipe and outlet pipe all are that the young water intake of water outlet is big.
The lever construction of described blade is made shape according to the size of force part.
A kind of production method of utilizing aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device is characterized in that step is following:
(1) make the step dam, on dam, build one-level platform and top platform, build up steel pipe supporting post and concrete supporting post in the fresh water bottom,
(2) at the dam top platform, first concrete pile driving digs a pond to underground then; Dig circular trough downwards in the both sides, pond, dig tank, mounted valve in tank in the bottom, pond; Cast concrete is set up outer decompression wall and interior decompression wall, and the wall outside of reducing pressure outward is provided with annular groove, and annular groove is to the underground circular trough that digs; Cast concrete forms upper and lower platform again, and reserves vent on the surface of upper mounting plate, and the table top cast concrete forms concrete column; And in concrete wall pre-buried shower one end, the damping pin is installed on platform one side, on the damping pin, vertical water pump is installed; Second intake pipe is installed again, some supporting posts of second intake pipe bottom welding, supporting post upper pouring concrete forms the ring-shaped platform supporting plane; Sediment tube, pressure inlet and damping tube are installed on second intake pipe successively, and at the other end port mounting filtering net and second suction booster of intake pipe, the impurity in the water directly falls in the sediment tube through the gravity of water self; At the vertical water pump the other end second outlet pipe, one end is installed, the other end and the provided pipe of second outlet pipe are installed together, and insert the water turbine center on the centre bearing of generator at last; Appear generator at the upper water turbine in the bottom, supporting post is installed again, the cast of supporting post top and concrete column forms; TOC is poured into a mould one section supporting post again, at the top of supporting post generator is installed iron plate is installed again, and described supporting post and concrete column are point-blank; On the platform opposite side, outlet pipe is installed, described second outlet pipe and vertical water pump are evenly arranged on the platform
(3) the damping pin is installed on the one-level platform of step dam, on the damping pin horizontal pump is installed, first intake pipe is installed at an end of horizontal pump; And damping tube and sediment tube be installed on the first intake pipe top; At the first intake pipe water inlet mounting filtering net and first suction booster, at the other end of horizontal pump first outlet pipe is installed again, the other end of first outlet pipe extends to top platform and provided pipe links together; Fix with the screw rubber
(4) casting platform at concrete column top, horizontal plane top; The damping pin is installed on platform, on the damping pin, horizontal type generator is installed, insert the horizontal water turbine center on the centre bearing of horizontal type generator; The siphon water pipe is installed in the circular trough of top platform basin bottom both sides; Siphon water pipe bottom and supporting post are fixed, and the 3rd suction booster, sediment tube, filter screen, pressure inlet and switch are installed on the siphon water pipe successively, constitute to utilize aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device.
A kind of electricity-generating method that utilizes aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device is characterized in that method is following:
(1) at first in the top platform pond, inject an amount of water, open first suction booster, water injects first intake pipe; Deaeration, be full of water in first intake pipe after, open horizontal pump and second suction booster on the top platform on the one-level platform again; Open the top platform vertical water pump then
(2) horizontal pump runs up water under vacuum state, flows into first outlet pipe, impacts the vertical turbine of top platform; By the impact of the water of second outlet pipe on the vertical water pump, accelerate the vertical turbine rotation, vertical turbine rotates and produces mechanical energy; Mechanical energy changes into electric energy through vertical type generator; Because the effect of water self gravitation, part water falls into the pond, when in the tank during valve opening; Water in the pond flows into along tank and supplies with agricultural, industry use, and another part continues to supply vertical water pump to recycle; When agricultural, when industry need not make water; Close the tank valve, open the 3rd suction booster and switch in the siphon water pipe, the water in the pond gets in the siphon water pipe through barometric pressure; Water vertically is injected on the horizontal water turbine on the water surface and produces mechanical energy; Mechanical energy changes into electric energy through vertical type generator, generates electricity
When (3) lacking, close the tank valve, open the 3rd suction booster and switch in the siphon water pipe like freshwater resources; Water in the pond gets in the siphon water pipe through barometric pressure; Aqueous reflux impacts horizontal water turbine and produces mechanical energy, and mechanical energy changes into electric energy through horizontal type generator, generates electricity.
The present invention compared with prior art, its advantage is that the present invention installs water turbine and generator in the outlet port of high power horizontal type water pump, the impulse force of the water through the outlet port generates electricity; Set up again the formula water pump make turbine blade at the uniform velocity with at a high speed running, guarantee that generated energy is big, continue, realize zero polluting basically, zero-emission; Save money is increased exponentially agricultural, industrial efficiency, and water resources is used to produce electric energy repeatedly; When agricultural, industrial water, close the siphon water pipe, water carries out agricultural, worker with using along tank; When agricultural, industry not during water, open the switch of siphon water pipe, aqueous reflux generates electricity to the fresh water water surface; Thereby, reaching lasting generating, water does not run off; Play environmental-protection function, of many uses, can be used for purposes such as irrigation, shipping, forest-fire prevention, greening grassland, generating, drinking-water, city-building, prevention waterlogging, drought resisting; Also can be used for the south water to north, the present invention creates an advantage for the whole mankind utilize on the earth skewness and limited freshwater resources rationally, efficiently, and then changes the human passive history of leaning on changes of weather just can have a meal.
[description of drawings]
Fig. 1 is a schematic representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a partial sectional view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the schematic representation of water turbine of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the local schematic representation of top platform of the present invention.
Referring to accompanying drawing, 1 is dam, and 2 is the one-level platform, and 3 is top platform, and 4 is horizontal pump; 5 is intake pipe, and 6 is outlet pipe, and 7 is the blade of water turbine, and 8 is vertical water pump, and 9 is vent; 10 is circular trough, and 11 is tank, and 12 is valve, and 13 is the pond, and 14 is switch; 15 are the siphon water pipe, and 16 is pressure inlet, and 17 is horizontal type generator, and 18 is horizontal water turbine, and 19 are the damping pin.20 is platform, and 21 is supporting post, and 22 is suction booster, and 23 is concrete column, and 24 do, 25 is sediment tube; 26 is damping tube, and 27 is shower, and 28 is bearing, and 29 is generator, and 30 is iron plate; 31 is water turbine, and 32 is outlet pipe, and 33 is filter screen, and 34 is sediment tube, and 35 is filter screen.
[embodiment]
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further specified.
Referring to accompanying drawing 1,2, shown in 3,4; A kind of aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device that utilizes comprises dam, sets up a dam in the described fresh water; Dam is a trapezium structure, and step one-level platform is provided with at least two horizontal pumps, and horizontal pump can make water at a terrific speed toward eminence stream.The horizontal pump bottom is provided with the damping pin, and the damping pin plays cushioning effect, gives equipment protection.The damping pin is fixed on the platform, and horizontal pump power is 130 kilowatts.Water pump one end connects first intake pipe, and the water pump the other end is provided with first outlet pipe, one end, and the other end of first outlet pipe connects water turbine.The described first intake pipe top is provided with damping tube, and the damping tube bottom is provided with sediment tube, and the impurity in the water relies on the gravity of self, and impurity falls into sediment tube, and water turbine and water pump grant asylum.Sediment tube and the welding of first intake pipe connect together, and first intake pipe, one end is provided with filter screen, the impurity in the filtered water.The first intake pipe water intake is provided with first suction booster, guarantees stable carry water, and first suction booster supports with the water-bed steel pipe that adopts, and the first intake pipe water inlet is supported with the water-bed concrete column that adopts, and the first suction booster power is 10---and 30 kilowatts.The other end of water pump connects an end of first outlet pipe, and the other end of first outlet pipe connects an end of shower, and the described first outlet pipe bottom is provided with damping tube.The dam top platform is provided with the pond, and pool diameter is 30---and 38 meters.The round pool both sides connect water pipe respectively, and described water pipe is the siphon water pipe.Be provided with circular platform in the middle of described basin bottom 5 circular troughs arranged evenly, pond, platform is by 8---and 32 cylinder support and connection are in the round pool bottom.Concrete platform is a double-layer structure up and down; Upper mounting plate thickness is 0.6 centimeter, and lower bolster thickness is 0.2 centimeter, and upper mounting plate is wide to be 3 meters; The bottom surface of upper mounting plate and lower bolster are point-blank; The surperficial water surface distance from round pool of upper mounting plate is 2 meters, and lower bolster is wide 0.8 meter---1 meter, the surperficial water surface distance from round pool of lower bolster is 1.6 meters.Described upper mounting plate is provided with 12---48 vents, and through barometric pressure, vent has guaranteed that well the water of platform bottom flows smoothly, it is effective to generate electricity.Platform is provided with several damping pin, and at least three high-power vertical water pumps are housed on the damping pin, and vertical water pump power is 100---and 110 kilowatts, the purpose of several vertical water pumps is the equal speed of maintenance water turbine, tells rotation.Guarantee that hydraulic turbine generator gets safety, multiple electricity, an end of water pump connects an end of second intake pipe; The described water pump the other end connects an end of second outlet pipe; The diameter of described second intake pipe, one end is 0.35 meter, and the second intake pipe top is provided with sediment tube, and the sediment tube front end is provided with pressure inlet; The pressure inlet front end is provided with damping tube, and the pressure inlet bottom is provided with strut and is connected on the platform.The other end diameter of described second intake pipe is 2 meters---3 meters; A filter screen is installed on the other end port of described second intake pipe; The top of filter screen center is provided with second suction booster; Second suction booster is fixed through strut and circular trough, and the second suction booster power is 20---and 30 kilowatts, the other end of described second intake pipe is connected through strut with circular trough.One end diameter of described second outlet pipe is 0.3 meter, and the other end water orifice of second outlet pipe is 0.21 meter, and second outlet pipe is provided with damping tube; The top of upper mounting plate is provided with generator; The generator bottom is provided with water turbine, and generator is connected with the middle bearing that adopts of water turbine, and an iron plate is installed at 1.5 meters on water turbine top; The generator bottom is fixing to being connected by supporting post between the iron plate, adopts concrete wall to be fixedly connected between iron plate and the lower bolster.It is fixing that upper mounting plate and lower bolster use the supporting post of setting up from basin bottom to be connected, and it is fixing that basin bottom adopts supporting post to connect, and the bottom of said upper mounting plate bottom and lower bolster in one plane.The dam top platform is provided with tank outward, and water flow into agricultural, worker's use along tank, and the bottom of tank exceeds 1 meter of basin bottom; Be provided with valve in the tank, the water that throttle down can be controlled in the pond does not flow into tank, has connected the siphon water pipe in the circular trough on basin bottom both sides; One end of siphon water pipe connects pressure inlet, and pressure inlet sweeps away face and is provided with horizontal water turbine, and the other end of siphon water pipe is provided with the 3rd suction booster; Adopt bearing to connect generator in the middle of the horizontal water turbine, the generator bottom is provided with the damping pin, and the damping pin is installed on the platform; Platform adopts four supporting posts to be connected in the bottom, and the peak of described siphon water pipe is provided with switch, the siphon water pipe begin with the horizontal plane angle be 50---70 degree; The second intake pipe highest point and vertical surface that vertical water pump connects are 40---50 degree angles, arrive peak with regard to vertically descending, by the lever stress principle; The Blade Design of water turbine is a lever shape, and the blade front end is a spoon shape structure, is convenient to water and well impacts blade.Fresh water is river, river, lake water, pond.The power of generator is decided by the flow velocity of the water outlet saliva of outlet pipe and the flow of water.The size of tank is decided according to the water-outlet quantity size.Describedly utilize aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device can use separately or equidistantly be arranged in parallel many to use or arrange many uses by the directivity rotation.Described siphon water pipe, intake pipe and outlet pipe all are that the young water intake of water outlet is big.The lever construction of described blade is made shape according to the size of force part.Described vent diameter is 0.5 meter.Described sediment tube is outside blocks sediment tube with screw, iron plate and rubber, every use a period of time, disassembles screw, iron plate and rubber in the rubbish that precipitates in the cleaning water.
A kind of production method of utilizing aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device, step is:
(1) make the step dam, on dam, build one-level platform and top platform, build up steel pipe supporting post and concrete supporting post in the fresh water bottom, steel pipe supporting post and concrete supporting post have played good support effect, alleviate the impact force of the water of water pipe.
(2) at the dam top platform, first concrete pile driving digs a pond to underground then, digs circular trough downwards in the both sides, pond; Dig tank in the bottom, pond, mounted valve in tank, cast concrete is set up outer decompression wall and interior decompression wall; Make the maintenance steady state of intake pipe water inlet saliva, the wall outside of reducing pressure outward is provided with annular groove, and annular groove is to the underground circular trough that digs; Cast concrete forms upper and lower platform again, and reserves vent on the surface of upper mounting plate, keeps the water proper flow in the pond through barometric pressure; The table top cast concrete forms concrete column, and in concrete wall pre-buried shower one end, the damping pin is installed on platform one side; On the damping pin, vertical water pump is installed, second intake pipe is installed again, some supporting posts of second intake pipe bottom welding; Supporting post upper pouring concrete forms the ring-shaped platform supporting plane, sediment tube, pressure inlet and damping tube is installed successively, at the other end port mounting filtering net and second suction booster of second intake pipe on second intake pipe; Impurity in the water directly falls in the sediment tube through the gravity of water self, at the vertical water pump the other end second outlet pipe, one end is installed, and the other end and the provided pipe of second outlet pipe are installed together; Insert the vertical turbine center on the centre bearing of generator at last, appear generator at the upper water turbine in the bottom, described vertical turbine diameter is 9---10 meters; The diameter of vertical type generator is 10---11 meters, power is 3---50,000 kilowatts, supporting post is installed again; Supporting post top and concrete column cast form, and TOC is poured into a mould one section supporting post again, at the top of supporting post generator are installed and 1.5 meters are installed by an iron plate on water turbine top; Play anti-sealing and splash and damage generator on the generator, turbine blade and mixed earth wall spacing are 10 centimeters, and described supporting post and concrete column are point-blank; On the platform opposite side, outlet pipe is installed, described second outlet pipe and vertical water pump are evenly arranged on the platform, and the second outlet pipe highest point is 7 apart from the one-level flat surface---and 9 meters.
(3) the damping pin is installed on the one-level platform of step dam; On the damping pin horizontal pump is installed; End at horizontal pump is installed first intake pipe, and on the first intake pipe top damping tube and sediment tube is installed, again at the first intake pipe water inlet mounting filtering net and first suction booster; At the other end of horizontal pump first outlet pipe is installed; The other end of first outlet pipe extends to top platform and provided pipe links together, and fixes with the screw rubber, and first intake pipe, one end and vertical surface that horizontal pump connects are 25---35 degree angles.
(4) casting platform at concrete column top, horizontal plane top; The damping pin is installed on platform, on the damping pin, horizontal type generator is installed, insert the horizontal water turbine center on the centre bearing of horizontal type generator; The siphon water pipe is installed in the circular trough of top platform basin bottom both sides; Siphon water pipe bottom and supporting post are fixed, and the 3rd suction booster, sediment tube, filter screen, pressure inlet and switch are installed on the siphon water pipe successively, constitute to utilize aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device.
A kind of production method of utilizing aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device is characterized in that method is following:
(1) at first in the top platform pond, inject an amount of water, open first suction booster, water injects first intake pipe; Deaeration; After being full of water in first intake pipe, open horizontal pump and second suction booster on the top platform on the one-level platform again, open the top platform vertical water pump then.
(2) horizontal pump runs up water under vacuum state, flows into first outlet pipe, impacts the vertical turbine of top platform; By the impact of the water of second outlet pipe on the vertical water pump, accelerate the vertical turbine rotation, vertical turbine rotates and produces mechanical energy; Mechanical energy changes into electric energy through vertical type generator; Because the effect of water self gravitation, part water falls into the pond, when in the tank during valve opening; Water in the pond flows into along tank and supplies with agricultural, industry use, and another part continues to supply vertical water pump to recycle; When agricultural, when industry need not make water; Close the tank valve; Open suction booster and switch in the siphon water pipe, the water in the pond gets in the siphon water pipe through barometric pressure, and water vertically is injected on the horizontal water turbine on the water surface and produces mechanical energy; Mechanical energy changes into electric energy through vertical type generator, generates electricity.
When (3) lacking, close the tank valve, open suction booster and switch in the siphon water pipe like freshwater resources; Water in the pond gets in the siphon water pipe through barometric pressure; Aqueous reflux impacts horizontal water turbine and produces mechanical energy, and mechanical energy changes into electric energy through horizontal type generator, generates electricity.
Irrigate agricultural, worker's time spent when freshwater resources are not enough, throttle down flows backwards, the siphon generating, still brings the energy to the people.
The shower of three horizontal pumps on the one-level platform is communicated with the water turbine of top platform, on top platform, sets up 3 vertical water pumps, makes water turbine uniform rotation and faster rotational speed, and it is more more lasting to produce electric energy.Water falls into the pond through gravity, and confession industry, agricultural are used or worked as siphon and generate electricity.Vent on the platform can well flow the water of top platform bottom in the pond.When agricultural, industrial water, close the siphon water pipe, water carries out agricultural, worker with using along tank.When agricultural, industry not during water, open the switch of siphon water pipe, aqueous reflux generates electricity in fresh water, continues generating thereby reach, and water does not run off, and plays multiple uses such as environmental protection.
Give in the lake and set up the step dam, the dam gradient is 30 degree, and the one-level platform is dried up 5---7 meters; Top platform is dried up 10---and 15 meters, the one-level platform uses 3 horizontal pumps and 3 intake pipes, and the power of horizontal pump is 130 kilowatts; Used 3 vertical water pumps on the top platform, the power of vertical water pump is 110 kilowatts, and intake pipe water intake diameter is 2---3 meters; The pressure of the water intake of intake pipe is 400---600 tons power; The flow of water orifice is 80 metre per second (m/s)s through water pipe water intake diameter greater than the speed change of water outlet diameter, and flow is 2.5 cubes of per seconds, mean water from the high-altitude about 150 meters vertical and impulse force down is big or small.The power of generator is 3---50,000 kilowatts, the diameter of generator is 10---11 meters, the water turbine diameter is 9---11 meters, through the power Po=9.8 * 1000Qh (J) of water turbine, can calculate 2.2 ten thousand kilowatts of Po=9.8 * 1000 * 15 * 150 (J) ≈.
Siphon water pipe inlet diameter is 2---3 meters, the pressure of import (pressure that the water surface is produced by atmosphere and draw) is 400---and 600 tons, when siphon water pipe water outlet flow velocity is 80 metre per second (m/s)s; Flow is 3.5 cubic meters per seconds; The blade of water vertical impact horizontal water turbine, blade rotation, water can change into mechanical energy; Mechanical energy changes into electric energy through generator, means that water is vertical and impulse force down is big or small from about 150 meters in high-altitude.The power of generator is 0.5 ten thousand kilowatts, through the power Po=9.8 * 1000Qh (J) of water turbine, can calculate 0.5 ten thousand kilowatts of Po=9.8 * 1000 * 3.5 * 150 (J) ≈.The present invention mainly is being a system that barometric pressure is transformed into multiple use such as mobile water ability, electric energy, is the good method of the many carvings of an arrow.

Claims (8)

1. one kind is utilized aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device, comprises dam, it is characterized in that described dam is based upon in the fresh water, and dam is a trapezium structure; Step one-level platform is provided with at least two high power horizontal type water pumps, and the horizontal pump bottom is provided with the damping pin, and the damping pin is fixed on the platform, and water pump one end connects first intake pipe; The water pump the other end is provided with first outlet pipe, one end, and the other end of first outlet pipe connects water turbine, and the described first intake pipe top is provided with damping tube, and the damping tube bottom is provided with sediment tube; Sediment tube and the welding of first intake pipe connect together, and first intake pipe, one end is provided with filter screen, and the first intake pipe water intake is provided with first suction booster, and first suction booster supports with the water-bed steel pipe that adopts; The first intake pipe water inlet is supported with the water-bed concrete column that adopts, and the other end of water pump connects an end of first outlet pipe, and the other end of first outlet pipe connects an end of shower, and the described first outlet pipe bottom is provided with damping tube; The dam top platform is provided with the pond, and the round pool both sides connect water pipe respectively, and described water pipe is the siphon water pipe, described basin bottom at least 5 circular troughs arranged evenly; Be provided with circular platform in the middle of the pond, platform by some cylinder support and connection in the round pool bottom, concrete platform be about double-layer structure, the bottom surface of upper mounting plate and the ground of lower bolster are on a horizontal plane; Described upper mounting plate surface is provided with vent, and platform is provided with several damping pin, and at least three high-power vertical water pumps are housed on the damping pin, and an end of water pump connects an end of second intake pipe; The described water pump the other end connects an end of second outlet pipe, and the second intake pipe top is provided with sediment tube, and the sediment tube front end is provided with pressure inlet, and the pressure inlet front end is provided with damping tube; The pressure inlet bottom is provided with strut and is connected on the platform, and a filter screen is installed on the other end port of described second intake pipe, and the top of filter screen center is provided with second suction booster, and second suction booster is fixed through strut and circular trough; The other end of described second intake pipe is connected through strut with circular trough, and second outlet pipe is provided with damping tube, and the top of upper mounting plate is provided with generator, and the generator bottom is provided with water turbine; Generator is connected with the middle bearing that adopts of water turbine, and an iron plate is installed on water turbine top, and the generator bottom is fixing to being connected by supporting post between the iron plate; Adopt concrete wall to be fixedly connected between iron plate and the lower bolster, it is fixing that upper mounting plate and lower bolster use the supporting post of setting up from basin bottom to be connected, and the connection of basin bottom employing supporting post is fixed; The bottom of said upper mounting plate bottom and lower bolster in one plane, the dam top platform is provided with tank outward, is provided with valve in the tank; Connected the siphon water pipe in the circular trough on basin bottom both sides, an end of siphon water pipe connects pressure inlet, and pressure inlet sweeps away face and is provided with horizontal water turbine; The other end of siphon water pipe is provided with the 3rd suction booster, adopts bearing to connect generator in the middle of the horizontal water turbine, and the generator bottom is provided with the damping pin; The damping pin is installed on the platform, and platform adopts four supporting posts to be connected in the bottom, and the peak of described water pipe is provided with switch; Just vertically descend to peak, the blade of water turbine is a lever shape, and the blade front end is a spoon shape structure.
2. a kind of aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device that utilizes as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that fresh water is river, river, lake water, pond.
3. a kind of aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device that utilizes as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the described second outlet pipe highest point is 7-9 meters apart from the one-level flat surface.
4. a kind of aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device that utilizes as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described utilize aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device to use separately or equidistantly be arranged in parallel many use or arrange many uses by the directivity rotation.
5. a kind of aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device that utilizes as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described siphon water pipe, intake pipe and outlet pipe all are that the young water intake of water outlet is big.
6. a kind of aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device that utilizes as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the lever construction of described blade is made shape according to the size of force part.
7. production method of utilizing aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device is characterized in that step is following:
(1) make the step dam, on dam, build one-level platform and top platform, build up steel pipe supporting post and concrete supporting post in the fresh water bottom,
(2) at the dam top platform, first concrete pile driving digs a pond to underground then; Dig circular trough downwards in the both sides, pond, dig tank, mounted valve in tank in the bottom, pond; Cast concrete is set up outer decompression wall and interior decompression wall, and the wall outside of reducing pressure outward is provided with annular groove, and annular groove is to the underground circular trough that digs; Cast concrete forms upper and lower platform again, and reserves vent on the surface of upper mounting plate, and the table top cast concrete forms concrete column; And in concrete wall pre-buried shower one end, the damping pin is installed on platform one side, on the damping pin, vertical water pump is installed; Second intake pipe is installed again, some supporting posts of second intake pipe bottom welding, supporting post upper pouring concrete forms the ring-shaped platform supporting plane; Sediment tube, pressure inlet and damping tube are installed on second intake pipe successively, and at the other end port mounting filtering net and second suction booster of second intake pipe, the impurity in the water directly falls in the sediment tube through the gravity of water self; At the vertical water pump the other end second outlet pipe, one end is installed, the other end and the provided pipe of second outlet pipe are installed together, and insert the water turbine center on the centre bearing of generator at last; Appear generator at the upper water turbine in the bottom, supporting post is installed again, the cast of supporting post top and concrete column forms; TOC is poured into a mould one section supporting post again, at the top of supporting post generator is installed iron plate is installed again, and described supporting post and concrete column are point-blank; Second outlet pipe is installed on the platform opposite side, and described second outlet pipe and vertical water pump are evenly arranged on the platform
(3) the damping pin is installed on the one-level platform of step dam, on the damping pin horizontal pump is installed, first intake pipe is installed at an end of horizontal pump; And damping tube and sediment tube be installed on the first intake pipe top; At the first intake pipe water inlet mounting filtering net and first suction booster, at the other end of horizontal pump first outlet pipe is installed again, the other end of first outlet pipe extends to top platform and provided pipe links together; Fix with the screw rubber
(4) casting platform at concrete column top, horizontal plane top; The damping pin is installed on platform, on the damping pin, horizontal type generator is installed, insert the horizontal water turbine center on the centre bearing of horizontal type generator; The siphon water pipe is installed in the circular trough of top platform basin bottom both sides; Siphon water pipe bottom and supporting post are fixed, and the 3rd suction booster, sediment tube, filter screen, pressure inlet and switch are installed on the siphon water pipe successively, constitute to utilize aqueous reflux siphon electricity generating device.
8. electricity-generating method that utilizes the described aqueous reflux siphon of claim 1 electricity generating device is characterized in that method is following:
(1) at first in the top platform pond, inject an amount of water, open first suction booster, water injects first intake pipe; Deaeration, be full of water in first intake pipe after, open horizontal pump and second suction booster on the top platform on the one-level platform again; Open the top platform vertical water pump then
(2) horizontal pump runs up water under vacuum state, flows into first outlet pipe, impacts the vertical turbine of top platform; By the impact of the water of second outlet pipe on the vertical water pump, accelerate the vertical turbine rotation, vertical turbine rotates and produces mechanical energy; Mechanical energy changes into electric energy through vertical type generator; Because the effect of water self gravitation, part water falls into the pond, when in the tank during valve opening; Water in the pond flows into along tank and supplies with agricultural, industry use, and another part continues to supply vertical water pump to recycle; When agricultural, when industry need not make water; Close the tank valve, open the 3rd suction booster and switch in the siphon water pipe, the water in the pond gets in the siphon water pipe through barometric pressure; Water vertically is injected on the horizontal water turbine on the water surface and produces mechanical energy; Mechanical energy changes into electric energy through vertical type generator, generates electricity
When (3) lacking, close the tank valve, open the 3rd suction booster and switch in the siphon water pipe like freshwater resources; Water in the pond gets in the siphon water pipe through barometric pressure; Aqueous reflux impacts horizontal water turbine and produces mechanical energy, and mechanical energy changes into electric energy through horizontal type generator, generates electricity.
CN2011101693653A 2011-06-22 2011-06-22 Siphon power generation device and method by utilizing water backflow Expired - Fee Related CN102242685B (en)

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CN103883458A (en) * 2012-12-19 2014-06-25 陈从龙 Automatic water-absorption and power-generation energy-saving emission-reduction mechanical device
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CN103423069A (en) * 2013-08-02 2013-12-04 孙波 Efficient low-cost power generation system
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CN201025228Y (en) * 2007-04-10 2008-02-20 李电学 A device for power generation based on recycling water
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