CN102234972A - Left-side-driving combined traffic facility of Y-shaped bifurcated bridges and Y-shaped bifurcated tunnels - Google Patents

Left-side-driving combined traffic facility of Y-shaped bifurcated bridges and Y-shaped bifurcated tunnels Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102234972A
CN102234972A CN2011101175300A CN201110117530A CN102234972A CN 102234972 A CN102234972 A CN 102234972A CN 2011101175300 A CN2011101175300 A CN 2011101175300A CN 201110117530 A CN201110117530 A CN 201110117530A CN 102234972 A CN102234972 A CN 102234972A
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China
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bridge
tunnel
bifurcated
straight
single file
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CN2011101175300A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邹世才
廖礼毅
高健
邹凌云
罗凡洲
陆洋
廖大中
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邹世才
廖礼毅
高健
邹凌云
罗凡洲
陆洋
廖大中
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Priority to CN201010167097.7 priority Critical
Priority to CN201010167156.0 priority
Priority to CN201010167219 priority
Priority to CN201010167237 priority
Priority to CN201010167156 priority
Priority to CN201010167219.2 priority
Priority to CN201010167097 priority
Priority to CN201010167237.0 priority
Application filed by 邹世才, 廖礼毅, 高健, 邹凌云, 罗凡洲, 陆洋, 廖大中 filed Critical 邹世才
Priority to CN2011101175300A priority patent/CN102234972A/en
Publication of CN102234972A publication Critical patent/CN102234972A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C1/00Design or layout of roads, e.g. for noise abatement, for gas absorption
    • E01C1/04Road crossings on different levels; Interconnections between roads on different levels

Abstract

The invention relates to a left-side-driving combined traffic facility of Y-shaped bifurcated bridges and Y-shaped bifurcated tunnels. According to the invention, two independent bifurcated arch bridges and two independent bifurcated tunnels are combined into a crossroad traffic facility which contributes to unobstructed transportation. A Y-shaped co-directional bifurcated bridge is formed by a straight-driving arch bridge and a right-turning bridge positioned on the right side of the straight-driving arch bridge. Two bifurcated bridges with opposite bifurcations form a bridge set. A Y-shaped co-directional bifurcated tunnel is formed by a straight-driving tunnel and a right-turning tunnel positioned on the right side of the straight-driving tunnel. Two bifurcated tunnels with opposite bifurcations form a tunnel set. Two straight bridge one-way sections of the bridge set and two straight tunnel one-way sections of the tunnel set form a stereo cruciform structure. With the combined traffic facility, damage degrees of local geological changes to the combined bridge can be reduced. A left-turning bridge and a right-turning bridge share a same bridge, and a left-turning tunnel and a right-turning tunnel share a same tunnel. Lane merging sections are long, such that obstruction is not easy to occur. Vehicles can turn right directly without unnecessary circulation. Pedestrians can pass under the combined bridge. With the combined traffic facility, complete intercommunication of a bidirectional six-lane small crossroad can be realized.

Description

The combined type means of transportation in left lateral system " Y " font bifurcated bridge and bifurcated tunnel
Technical field
The invention belongs to the means of transportation that make the right-angled intersection automobile traffic unimpeded, particularly two independently Y-shaped arch bridge and two independently the bifurcated tunnel be combined into the craspedodrome motor vehicle that can make the crossroad (hereinafter to be referred as: straightgoing vehicle) and the right-hand bend motor vehicle (hereinafter to be referred as the have no road occupying facility that has a good transport and communication network of the conflict right-hand bend car).
Background technology
At present, the traffic of international and domestic usual friendship crossroad, arterial street is very crowded, often stops up, and is each metropolitan common fault of the whole world.Tracing it to its cause, is because the two road usual friendship, and on the crosspoint, two road are overlapping to have become a road, and the motor vehicles on the two road can only a shared road on node, has lost the path resource of half.Add pedestrian, bicycle and motor vehicle and mix row, the result that is inevitable blocks up.In order to solve this difficult problem, people have expected widening the road surface, increase the quantity of crossing runway, but the road surface can not be widened infinitely.People have expected overpass bridge again, but in existing upright civilian bridge design scheme, can make crossroad direct lane and right-turn lane have no road occupying the conflict the overpass bridge minimum diameter more than 120 meters, not only build the cost height, and the crossroad of the two-way six-lane in old urban area all can not be built, make the crossroad traffic congestion of present old urban area very serious, the frequent traffic paralysis in the crossroad that has.
Chinese patent 200720043390.6 " the full unblocked overpass bridge of individual layer " discloses a kind of unimpeded combining structure associating bridge of directly striding a bridge and an annular bridge of establishing at the parting of the ways.Its shortcoming: the driver must see clearly operation sign at the parting of the ways, in case can not lane change after not seeing clearly or seeing clearly, can cause promptly advancing the traffic congestion of place, crossroad in the lane change crosspoint.This overpass bridge can not be used on the road of existing standard.
Chinese patent 200820230509.5 is " directly left, the right-hand rotation interchange overpass " a kind of overpass bridge disclosed, because the claims and the manual of this patent are very unclear to the description of technical scheme, but as if just structure and the defective that can understand this screen frame shape overpass bridge with Figure of description is: one, unwanted height and length have been increased: in by-path position, ground away from the crossroad, continuing one section pontic after the craspedodrome bridge passes below the right-hand bend bridge on opposite more just is connected with ground, make the overhead highly very high of upper layer bridge, increased the total length of bridge, make whole pontic not only high not only long but also big like this, waste bridge construction expense has been blocked civic landscape.Two, local damage causes whole the damage: after the right-hand bend bridge passes below the craspedodrome bridge of ground, right side by-path and right-hand bend bridge, with be connected with ground again after the lower bridge section of the craspedodrome bridge of ground, left side by-path flushes, also make the overhead highly very high of upper layer bridge, increased the total length of bridge, also make whole pontics be connected to a large-scale integral bridge, once the part of this large-scale integral bridge has geology to change, its part is damaged and just will causes whole large-scale integral bridges to damage.Three, whole bridge becomes screen frame shape area occupied too big: the global shape of overpass bridge is for there being two cornerwise screen frame shape pontics, requiring the crossroad not have the circular minimum diameter in vacant lot of building is 115 meters, and in the two-way six-lane crossroad of old urban area, diameter reaches 115 meters almost not having, and just the overpass bridge that provides of this Figure of description almost can not be used for two-way six-lane crossroad, old urban area.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide the road track that meets existing left lateral system traffic specification arranges, small size crossroad at two-way six-lane can be built, two " Y " font bifurcated bridges and two " Y " font bifurcated tunnels are combined into the conflict that has no road occupying of direct lane and right-turn lane, and there is long merging track section in a plurality of tracks of leaving the crossroad and two bridges that are difficult for traffic congestion add two tunnel combined type means of transportation.
The present invention solves and intersects the design of road occupying conflict point and be: a plurality of conflict points of right-angled intersection plane traffic are divided into three kinds of conflict points: first kind is that the right-turn lane on direct lane and opposite has the road occupying conflict; Second kind be four direct lanes be divided into two groups at the parting of the ways the central area have and intersect the road occupying conflict; The third is that the right-turn lane has the road occupying of intersection to conflict with direct lane and the right-turn lane that this right-turn lane arrives the ground by-path.
Solve first kind, there is the technical scheme of road occupying conflict the right-turn lane on direct lane and opposite: craspedodrome bridge and right-hand bend bridge on two ground by-paths of right-angled intersection opposite face are one group, and every group last bridge end all is connected with same ground by-path.Two craspedodrome bridges of keeping straight on are separate relatively, make a craspedodrome bridge after striding across right-angled intersection, pass under the right-hand bend bridge of " Y " font Y-shaped arch bridge on opposite through ground, solved direct lane and opposite the right-turn lane intersect collision problem.Craspedodrome tunnel and right-hand bend tunnel under two ground by-paths of another group opposite face of right-angled intersection are one group, and every group the tunnel end that advances all is connected with same ground by-path.Two craspedodrome tunnels of keeping straight on are separate relatively, make a craspedodrome tunnel after passing right-angled intersection, stride across above the right-hand bend tunnel in " Y " font bifurcated tunnel to ground from the opposite on the vehicle, solved craspedodrome tunnel and opposite the right-hand bend tunnel intersect collision problem.This technical scheme has solved four road occupying conflict points.
Solve second kind, article four, direct lane be divided into two groups at the parting of the ways the central area have and intersect the technical scheme of road occupying conflict: one group of four direct lane travelling of intersecting are current respectively on the ground two the underground independently craspedodrome tunnel of bridges and another group of independently keeping straight on, become multilevel traffic, solved four direct lanes traffic conflict problem of central area at the parting of the ways.This technical scheme has solved four road occupying conflict points.
Solve the third, to be the right-turn lane with the direct lane of arrival ground by-path and right-turn lane have intersects the technical scheme that road occupying conflicts: from the vehicle to the by-path of ground, right side under the earth terminal of right-hand bend bridge, on stride craspedodrome tunnel and right-hand bend tunnel below the by-path of ground, right side; In like manner wear the craspedodrome bridge and the right-hand bend bridge of by-path top, ground, right side under the vehicle to the by-path of ground, right side on the earth terminal in right-hand bend tunnel.Solved the collision problem that intersects of the direct lane of right-turn lane and the ground by-path of arrival and right-turn lane.This technical scheme has solved eight road occupying conflict points.
Like this, 16 road occupying conflict points of plane traffic cross-road have been realized multilevel traffic fully, no longer include the road occupying conflict point between the rolling stock.
The design of the new function of the present invention: take ground and space for reduce combined facility of the present invention as far as possible, traffic route fully can be identical the right-turn lane and the left turn lane of this ground, right side, right-turn lane by-path, the right side of travelling with an energy rightabout, a left side merge bridge or tunnel, and right side, the width that turns left to merge bridge or tunnel can reduce the width on 5.0 meters right left sides than side by side two the independent right-hand bend bridges or the overall width in tunnel and left-hand bend bridge or tunnel.So, the present invention is the mode of two independent bridges without the disclosed right side of Figure of description, the left-hand rotation of Chinese patent 200820230509.5 " direct left and right commentaries on classics interchange overpass ", but becomes right-hand bend bridge or Tunnel Design the right side, left-hand rotation merging bridge or tunnel to reach the purpose that the minimizing combined facility takies ground and space.
For having geology in the pontic position, the large-scale overpass bridge of avoiding Chinese patent 200820230509.5 " direct left and right commentaries on classics interchange overpass " accompanying drawing to provide changes, to the destruction of a part of pontic and the destruction that causes whole pontic, also avoid large-scale overpass bridge can not be used for the problem of the small-sized crossroad of two-way six-lane, old urban area, this large-scale overpass bridge that can not be connected is divided into two small-sized bifurcated in the same way " Y " font fork bridges, with two small-sized bifurcated in the same way " Y " font fork tunnels, on the ground with underground current respectively.And also give bicycle and pedestrian ground in the road.
The driving route that the present invention not only will solve the crossroad does not have the intersection collision problem, and also being provided at has sufficiently long merging track section on the ground level road that leaves the crossroad, solves the merging track and only has only a point and produce the problem of traffic congestion on bridge.The through vehicles of crossroad and right-hand bend vehicle not only will accomplish not have the road occupying conflict point, will accomplish that also the through vehicles, right-hand bend vehicle, left-hand bend vehicle from the Different Ground by-path has the merging track of a plurality of merging track points section leaving on the by-path of ground, crossroad.The present invention is located at ground merging the track section, is the rule that ground level road is divided though merge the track section, does not belong to the structure content of overpass bridge of the present invention, and the structure of grade separation facility of the present invention can make the ground by-path can obtain to merge the track section.And a plurality of pontics that the disclosed screen frame shape of the Figure of description overpass bridge of Chinese patent 200820230509.5 " direct left and right commentaries on classics interchange overpass " can be regarded as after leaving cross friendship center merge the track at a point, make through vehicles, right-hand bend vehicle and left-hand bend vehicle on bridge, have only one to merge the track point, this three tracks merge track point, the very easy consequence that blocks up that causes with one together on bridge on overpass bridge.And the present invention carries out the track merging with the merging track section that can be provided at the ground certain-length, can solve from the vehicle on the different pontics because of merging the too narrow very little traffic congestion problem that produces of track point.So, through vehicles and right-hand bend vehicle that the present invention not only can solve each bar ground by-path of crossroad have no road occupying unimpeded, can also solve when on a ground by-path, leaving the crossroad from the vehicle on the Different Ground by-path, very well-to-do ground is arranged as merging the track section, the disclosed screen frame shape of the Figure of description overpass bridge of comparing Chinese patent 200820230509.5 has only a position to merge the track, and then the present invention can reduce at double because of merging the too narrow very little traffic congestion problem that produces of track point.
The design of new construction of the present invention:
One, the right-hand bend bridge does not stride across bifurcated " Y " font tunnel in the same way, right side: with two bifurcated " Y " font fork bridges in the same way independently, divide prong composition grouping bridge facing each other, right-hand rotation bridge earth terminal is communicated with ground, right side by-path.From under the right-hand bend bridge to the vehicle of ground, right side by-path, stride across from ground the right side in the same way the deep-seated in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel put section and finish right-hand rotation.This right-hand rotation bridge earth terminal can also be communicated with the left turn lane of ground, right side by-path, and the left-hand bend vehicle can be realized, be this right-hand bend bridging right, left-hand rotation combined bridge with the outside bridge floor of this bridge of turning right.
The right-hand bend tunnel does not pass right side bifurcated " Y " word jag bridge in the same way: with two bifurcated " Y " word jag tunnels in the same way independently, divide prong composition grouping facing each other tunnel, right-hand rotation tunnel earth terminal is communicated with ground, right side by-path.From on the right-hand bend tunnel to the vehicle of ground, right side by-path, from underground wear the right side in the same way the high position section of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge finish right-hand rotation.This right-hand rotation tunnel earth terminal can also be communicated with the left turn lane of ground, right side by-path, and this left-hand bend vehicle can realize with tunnel, the outside face in this tunnel of turning right, this right-hand bend tunnel become the right side, dual-purpose tunnel turns left.
Two, with two bifurcated " Y " font fork bridges in the same way independently, divide prong composition facing each other a grouping bridge, two craspedodrome arch bridges of grouping bridge respectively with the opposite in the same way the right-hand bend bridge of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge carry out multilevel traffic in by-path position, ground away from the crossroad.The shape of right curved bridge single file section is the arcuate structure that becomes three-dimensional decussate texture central area indent to the grouping bridge and the craspedodrome bridge in grouping tunnel with the craspedodrome tunnel, arcuate structure has prolonged right-hand bend bridge length, thereby reduced the right-hand bend bridge and will take very large-area problem at the parting of the ways because of the bridge length that the gradient needs, the crossroad is only needed more than 55 meters the distance between the building of angular direction, just can satisfy the needs of right-hand bend bridge, also just can satisfy of the present invention group and take the little needs in ground and space.This just requires two of opposite face, and two craspedodrome arch bridges of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge rightabout driving are separate in the same way, need not same bridge, and vertical dislocation is arranged, promptly the ground upper bridge section of the straight bridge earth terminal of the lower bridge section of a craspedodrome arch bridge and that craspedodrome arch bridge of opposite rises jointly and between the bridge earth terminal spacing distance is arranged and not in same position, the straight bridge earth terminal of the lower bridge section of craspedodrome arch bridge is more near the center, crossroad, straight bridge earth terminal if before near the zone, high position, stage casing of opposite craspedodrome arch bridge ground plane, just abdicate the superjacent air space on right side for opposite craspedodrome arch bridge, promptly allow the right-hand bend bridge on opposite directly go out right curved bridge single file section, the multilevel traffic in addition the ground by-path at the parting of the ways of the right-hand bend bridge of realizing craspedodrome arch bridge and opposite at the side bifurcated of turning right.As long as there is bridge section under the part of two straight bridge single file sections in the grouping bridge to be positioned at the opposite in the same way among the branch prong of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge, Cheng Zhiqiao single file section partly descend the bridge section embed the opposite in the same way bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge divide structure among the prong, but straight bridge single file section is not passed the right curved bridge single file section in opposite, makes the structure that does not have straight bridge single file section below the curved bridge single file section in the right side of this position and be one deck pontic.
With two bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnels in the same way independently, divide prong composition grouping facing each other tunnel, two craspedodrome tunnels in grouping tunnel carry out multilevel traffic in the by-path position, ground away from the crossroad in the right-hand bend tunnel in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel in the same way with the opposite respectively.The shape of right curved tunnel single file section is the arcuate structure that becomes three-dimensional decussate texture central area indent to the grouping bridge and the craspedodrome bridge in grouping tunnel with the craspedodrome tunnel, arcuate structure has prolonged the right-hand bend length of tunnel, thereby reduced the right-hand bend tunnel because of the tunnel length that the gradient needs will take very large-area problem at the parting of the ways, making little crossroad, old urban area also can carry out vehicle, not intersect road occupying unimpeded.This just requires two of opposite face, and two craspedodrome tunnels of bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel rightabout driving are separate in the same way, need not same tunnel, and vertical dislocation is arranged, promptly the underground tunnel construction sections that goes out tunnel construction sections straight tunnel earth terminal and that craspedodrome tunnel, opposite in a craspedodrome tunnel advances between the tunnel earth terminal spacing distance to be arranged and not in same position jointly, the craspedodrome tunnel go out the straight tunnel of tunnel construction sections earth terminal more near the center, crossroad, straight tunnel earth terminal is as long as putting regional ground plane near the stage casing deep-seated in craspedodrome tunnel, opposite, just abdicate the following side space on right side for craspedodrome tunnel, opposite, promptly allow the right-hand bend tunnel on opposite directly go out right curved tunnel single file section, in addition the ground by-path position multilevel traffic at the parting of the ways of the right-hand bend tunnel of realizing craspedodrome tunnel and opposite at the side bifurcated of turning right.As long as going out the Close Tunnel section, the part of two straight tunnel single file sections of grouping in the tunnel is positioned at the opposite in the same way among the branch prong in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel, becoming straight tunnel single file section partly to go out the tunnel section embeds the opposite and divides structure among the prong in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel in the same way, but straight tunnel single file section is not passed right curved tunnel, opposite single file section, makes the right side of this position bend the structure that does not have straight tunnel single file section above the tunnel single file section and be one deck tunnel.
Structure of the present invention is:
The combined type means of transportation in left lateral system " Y " font bifurcated bridge and bifurcated tunnel, comprise two Y-shaped arch bridges and two bifurcated tunnels, it is characterized in that: two Y-shaped arch bridges all have a craspedodrome arch bridge 2 and a right-hand bend bridge 3, right-hand bend bridge 3 is positioned at the right side of craspedodrome arch bridge 2, right-hand bend bridge 3 is all at a side and craspedodrome arch bridge 2 bifurcateds of turning right, this bifurcation is a bifurcation 15, makes a craspedodrome arch bridge 2 and a right-hand bend bridge 3 form bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 in the same way; All there are a craspedodrome tunnel 22 and a right-hand bend tunnel 23 in two bifurcated tunnels, right-hand bend tunnel 23 is positioned at the right side in craspedodrome tunnel 22, right-hand bend tunnel 23 is all at a side and craspedodrome tunnel 22 bifurcateds of turning right, this bifurcation is a bifurcation 35, makes a craspedodrome tunnel 22 and a right-hand bend tunnel 23 form bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 in the same way;
Each in the same way the craspedodrome arch bridge 2 of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 and right-hand bend bridge 3 have and play bridge earth terminal 4 jointly, and play bridge earth terminal 4 jointly to the section 14 side by side of two bridges between the bifurcation 15; At the fork of bifurcated " Y " font in the same way zone, high position, bridge 1 stage casing, right-hand bend bridge 3 and craspedodrome arch bridge 2 bifurcateds; The zone, high position that right-hand bend bridge 3 leaves craspedodrome arch bridge 2 is bifurcated section 7; Craspedodrome arch bridge 2 also has a straight bridge earth terminal 5, and right-hand bend bridge 3 also also has a right-hand rotation bridge earth terminal 6; From bifurcation 15 to straight bridge earth terminal 5 is straight bridge single file section 8; From bifurcation 15 to right-hand rotation bridge earth terminal 6 is right curved bridge single file section 13; Each the craspedodrome tunnel 22 in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 and right-hand bend tunnel 23 has and advances tunnel earth terminal 24 jointly in the same way, and advance jointly tunnel earth terminal 24 to two tunnels between the bifurcation 35 section 34 side by side; 21 stage casing deep-seateds are put the zone, right-hand bend tunnel 23 and craspedodrome tunnel 22 bifurcateds in the fork of bifurcated " Y " font in the same way tunnel; It is bifurcated section 27 that the deep-seated that right-hand bend tunnel 23 leaves craspedodrome tunnel 22 is put section; Craspedodrome tunnel 22 also has a straight tunnel earth terminal 25, and right-hand bend tunnel 23 also also has a right-hand rotation tunnel earth terminal 26; From bifurcation 35 to straight tunnel earth terminal 25 is straight tunnel single file section 28; From bifurcation 35 to right-hand rotation tunnel earth terminal 26 is right curved tunnel single file section 33;
Divide prong relative two in the same way bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 form a grouping bridge, divide prong relative two to form a grouping tunnel in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 in the same way, two straight bridge single file sections 8 of grouping bridge and 28 one-tenth three-dimensional decussate textures of two straight tunnel single file sections in the tunnel that divides into groups; The part section of straight bridge single file section 8 is positioned at the opposite in the same way among the branch prong of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1, become two embedded grouping bridges, the part section of straight tunnel single file section 28 is positioned at the opposite in the same way among the branch prong in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21, becomes two embedded grouping tunnels; Bifurcated in the same way " Y " the font fork bridge 1 that right curved bridge single file section 13 is positioned at the place and right side be in the same way between bifurcated " Y " the font fork tunnel 21, right curved tunnel single file section 33 be positioned at bifurcated in the same way " Y " the font fork tunnel 21 at place and right side in the same way bifurcated " Y " font pitch between the bridge 1.
The present invention turns right, and the design feature of bridge 3 makes right-hand bend bridge 3 become the right side, shared bridge turns left, reduce the floor space of composite bridge central area: between bifurcated " Y " the font fork tunnel 21, the curved bridge single file section 13 in the right side of the bridge 3 of promptly turning right is not passed, is not striden across bifurcated in the same way " Y " font on this right-hand bend bridge 3 right sides and pitches tunnel 21 in the same way for bifurcated in the same way " Y " the font fork bridge 1 that right curved bridge single file section 13 is positioned at the place and right side.Right-hand rotation bridge earth terminal 6 is communicated with the left turn lane of the ground by-path on right side, and the left turning vehicle of ground, right side by-path can directly use as the left-hand bend bridge with the outside of this right-hand bend bridge 3, realizes.The right-hand rotation car of just adjacent ground by-path and left-hand rotation car can reach the purpose of turning separately by shared right-hand bend bridge 3, just turn right car at right-hand bend bridge 3 by the two groups of straight bridge single file sections 8 and the inboard bridge floor of 28 one-tenth three-dimensional decussate textures of tunnel single file section directly, and the left-hand rotation car is at bridge floor in the outer part.The shared right-hand bend bridge 3 of right-hand rotation car and left-hand rotation car is realized turning right and turning left, than realizing that with right-hand rotation bridge and two bridges of left-hand rotation bridge right-hand rotation and left-hand rotation still less take the ground and the space of crossroad, become the more composite bridge of miniaturization, help to use this composite bridge, also reduce the bridge construction expense in littler crossroad.
The present invention turns right, and the design feature in tunnel 23 makes right-hand bend tunnel 23 become the right side, shared tunnel turns left, reduce the floor space of combination central area, tunnel: between bifurcated " Y " the word jag bridge 1, bifurcated in the same way " Y " the word jag bridge 1 that 23 right sides, this right-hand bend tunnel were not passed, do not striden across to tunnel single file section 33 is bent on the right side in the tunnel 23 of promptly turning right in the same way for bifurcated in the same way " Y " the word jag tunnel 21 that right curved tunnel single file section 33 is positioned at the place and right side.Right-hand bend tunnel earth terminal 26 is communicated with the left turn lane of the ground by-path on right side, and the left turning vehicle of ground, right side by-path can directly use as the left-hand bend tunnel with the outside in this right-hand bend tunnel 23, realizes.The right-hand rotation car of just adjacent ground by-path and left-hand rotation car can reach the purpose of turning separately in shared right-hand bend tunnel 23, just turn right car in the right-hand bend tunnel 23 by the two groups of straight tunnel single file sections 28 and the inboard tunnel face of 8 one-tenth three-dimensional decussate textures of bridge single file section directly, and the left-hand rotation car is at tunnel face in the outer part.Realize turning right and turning left in right-hand rotation car and the shared right-hand bend of left-hand rotation car tunnel 23, than realizing that with two tunnels in right-hand rotation tunnel and left-hand rotation tunnel right-hand rotation and left-hand rotation still less take the ground and the space of crossroad, become the more combination tunnel of miniaturization, help to use this combination tunnel, also reduce the built tunnel expense in littler crossroad.
The present invention's length that the design feature of arch bridge 2 increase to merge the track of keeping straight on prevents traffic congestion: the part section of the straight bridge single file of each of grouping bridge section 8 is positioned at the opposite in the same way among the branch prong of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1, but do not pass or do not stride across the opposite curved bridge single file section 13 in the right side of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 in the same way, this grouping bridge is two embedded grouping bridges.Like this from the through vehicles of 5 times bridges of straight bridge earth terminal of straight bridge single file section 8 on ground, with go out the right-hand bend vehicle merging track of tunnel from the right side to the right-hand rotation tunnel earth terminal 26 in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 to ground, then can merge the track at long section in track, ground, rather than only be confined to a merging track point, can solve like this because of merging the too narrow very little traffic congestion problem that causes in site in track.
The design feature of the straight tunnel of the present invention single file section 28 increases the length that merges the track and prevents traffic congestion: the part section of each straight tunnel single file section 28 in grouping tunnel is positioned at the opposite in the same way among the branch prong in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21, but do not stride across or do not pass opposite curved tunnel, the right side single file section 33 in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 in the same way, this grouping tunnel is two embedded grouping tunnels.Straight tunnel earth terminal 25 from straight tunnel single file section 28 goes out the through vehicles in tunnel on ground like this, with from the right side in the same way 6 times bridges of right-hand rotation bridge earth terminal of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 right-hand bend bridge 3 to the right-hand bend vehicle merging track on ground, then can merge the track at long section in track, ground, rather than only be confined to a merging track point, can solve like this because of merging the too narrow very little traffic congestion problem that causes in site in track.
Bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 is meant that right-hand bend bridge 3 and craspedodrome arch bridge 2 have one section side by side in the same way, but right-hand bend bridge 3 has bifurcation 15 on the right side, zone, high position, stage casing of craspedodrome arch bridge 2.At near the right-hand bend bridge 3 the bifurcation 15 and craspedodrome arch bridge 2 sections the clear height more than 4.5 meters of closing the symbol traffic specification is arranged preferably, make and to pass through motor vehicles below it.Right-hand bend bridge 3 is turned right as motor vehicles and is used.Bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 is meant that right-hand bend tunnel 23 and craspedodrome tunnel 22 have one section side by side in the same way, but right-hand bend tunnel 23 is put regional right side at the stage casing in craspedodrome tunnel 22 deep-seated bifurcation 35 is arranged.In near right-hand bend tunnel 23 the bifurcation 35 and craspedodrome tunnel 22 sections height between the clean deep space that closes the symbol traffic specification is arranged preferably, make it can pass through motor vehicles above face of land.Turn right as motor vehicles and use in right-hand bend tunnel 23.
" in the same way " be meant the right-hand bend bridge 3 of each " Y " font fork bridge and the bifurcated direction of craspedodrome arch bridge 2, all identical with the right-hand bend tunnel 23 in each " Y " font fork tunnel with the bifurcated direction in craspedodrome tunnel 22.
One in the same way the global shape of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 be: to play a bridge earth terminal 4 be side by side to bifurcation 15 common for right-hand bend bridge 3 and craspedodrome arch bridge 2, this side by side section be two bridges side by side sections 14.Craspedodrome arch bridge 2 behind the bifurcated is straight bridge single file section 8, and the right-hand bend bridge 3 behind the bifurcated is right curved bridge single file section 13.Two bridges section 14, straight bridge single file section 8 and right curved bridge single file section 13 side by side can be linear or crooked shape, need and determine with ground, the crossroad by-path of reality with linear or crooked shape;
One in the same way the global shape in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 be: a right-hand bend tunnel 23 and a craspedodrome tunnel 22 are side by side advancing tunnel earth terminal 24 jointly to bifurcation 35, this side by side section be two tunnels side by side sections 34.Craspedodrome tunnel 22 behind the bifurcated is a straight tunnel single file section 28, and the right-hand bend tunnel 23 behind the bifurcated is a right curved tunnel single file section 33.Two tunnels section 34, straight tunnel single file section 28 and right curved tunnel single file section 33 side by side can be linear or crooked shape, need and determine with ground, the crossroad by-path of reality with linear or crooked shape;
The craspedodrome arch bridge 2 of same bifurcated in the same way " Y " font fork bridge 1 and a common bridge earth terminal 4 of right-hand bend bridge 3 can be zonules, and 3 the bridge points of 2 bridge points of arch bridge and right-hand bend bridge of then keeping straight on are in same area; In this same area, 3 bridge points of 2 bridge points of craspedodrome arch bridge and right-hand bend bridge can be same positions, or certain longitudinal separation is arranged.The craspedodrome tunnel 22 in same bifurcated in the same way " Y " font fork tunnel 21 and the tunnel earth terminal 24 that advances jointly in right-hand bend tunnel 23 can be zonules, and the tunnel 22 of then keeping straight on advances tunnel point and right-hand bend tunnel 23 advances the tunnel point in same area; In this same area, craspedodrome tunnel 22 enters tunnel point and right-hand bend tunnel 23, and to advance the tunnel point can be same position, or certain longitudinal separation is arranged.
Craspedodrome arch bridge 2 is the current bridges of two ground by-paths that are used for the crossroad opposite face, craspedodrome tunnel 22 is the current tunnels of two ground by-paths that are used for the crossroad opposite face, " craspedodrome " is meant that motor vehicles arrive the meaning of opposite, crossroad road, " craspedodrome " is not meant shape, and is meant purposes.
Right-hand bend bridge 3 is the right-hand bend bridges that are used for crossroad left lateral traffic system, and " right-hand bend " is that purposes is the meaning of turning right.Right-hand bend tunnel 23 is the right-hand bend tunnels that are used for crossroad left lateral traffic system, and " right-hand bend " is that purposes is the meaning of turning right.
The bifurcated section 7 of right-hand bend bridge 3 is the bridge sections that are used for passing from ground from the motor vehicles of the craspedodrome arch bridge 2 on opposite current usefulness, there are motor vehicles to pass the height of needs below the height of bifurcated section 7 need satisfy, are preferably in zone, the high position bifurcated that satisfies traffic specification with craspedodrome arch bridge 2 so the right-hand bend bridge 3 of bridge 1 pitched in same bifurcated in the same way " Y " font.The bifurcated section 27 in right-hand bend tunnel 23 is the tunnel construction sections that are used for striding across from ground from the motor vehicles in the craspedodrome tunnel 22 on opposite current usefulness, the degree of depth that the current needs of motor vehicles are arranged above the degree of depth of bifurcated section 27 need satisfy is put regional bifurcated so the right-hand bend tunnel 23 in same bifurcated in the same way " Y " font fork tunnel 21 is preferably in the deep-seated that satisfies traffic specification with craspedodrome tunnel 22.
Right-hand rotation bridge earth terminal 6 preferably is positioned near the ground the bifurcation 35 in bifurcated in the same way " Y " font fork tunnel 21 of the ground by-path that right-hand bend will arrive, right curved bridge single file section 13 does not stride across bifurcated in the same way " Y " the font fork tunnel 21 of the ground by-path that right-hand bend will arrive, so that the right-hand bend motor vehicles stride across bifurcated in the same way " Y " the font fork tunnel 21 of the ground by-path that is arrived from ground.The right-hand bend motor vehicles are gone up the through vehicles merging track of arriving ground in bifurcated " Y " the font fork 21 craspedodrome tunnels 22, tunnel in the same way on ground and left side, long ground, merging track section can be arranged, rather than have only one to merge the track point.Avoided the disclosed screen frame shape of Chinese patent 200820230509.5 Figure of description overpass bridge, make the through vehicles on right-hand bend vehicle and ground, the left side by-path merge the track, be easy to generate the problem of traffic congestion but the merging track point on bridge is too narrow very little in the pontic position of two bridges.
Right-hand rotation tunnel earth terminal 26 preferably is positioned near the ground the bifurcation 15 of bifurcated in the same way " Y " font fork bridge 1 of the ground by-path that right-hand bend will arrive, right curved tunnel single file section 33 is not passed bifurcated in the same way " Y " the font fork bridge 1 of the ground by-path that right-hand bend will arrive, so that the right-hand bend motor vehicles pass bifurcated in the same way " Y " the font fork bridge 1 of the ground by-path that is arrived from ground.The right-hand bend motor vehicles in ground and left side in the same way 2 times through vehicles of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 craspedodrome arch bridge to ground merge tracks, long ground, merging track section can be arranged, rather than have only one to merge the track point.It is too narrow very little and be easy to generate the problem of traffic congestion to have avoided merging track point.
The stage casing of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 is provided with the zone, high position in the same way, so that from the left side in the same way the right-hand bend vehicle in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 below it, pass behind ground from right-hand rotation tunnel earth terminal 26, bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 can multilevel traffic with the right-hand bend vehicle from the left side in the same way thereby realize this.The stage casing in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 is provided with deep-seated and puts the zone in the same way, so that from the left side in the same way the right-hand bend vehicle of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 from right-hand rotation bridge earth terminal 6 to ground after from it face stride across, bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 can multilevel traffic with the right-hand bend vehicle from the left side in the same way thereby realize this.
Grouping bridge is by minute prong relative two combining structure of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 in the same way, and the straightgoing vehicle that travels as the rightabout of two ground by-paths of crossroad opposite face is realized keeping straight on and the right-hand bend car is realized the composite bridge of turning right.The grouping tunnel is by minute prong relative two combining structure in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 in the same way, and the straightgoing vehicle that travels as the rightabout of two ground by-paths of crossroad opposite face is realized keeping straight on and the right-hand bend car is realized the combination tunnel of turning right.A crossroad needs the straight bridge single file section 8 of a grouping bridge and 28 one-tenth three-dimensional decussate textures of straight tunnel single file section in a grouping tunnel.
" cross " meaning of straight bridge single file section 8 and straight 28 one-tenth three-dimensional decussate textures of tunnel single file section does not limit and is an angle of 90 degrees intersection mutually, here " cross " is identical with " cross " implication of crossroad, promptly there is intersection in two roads of " cross " general reference, do not limit intersecting angle.So, if straight bridge single file section 8 and straight tunnel single file section 28 have bending also still to be considered as decussate texture.The shape of stereo cross shape structure is meant above decussate texture overlooks, straight bridge single file section 8 and straight 28 one-tenth three-dimensional decussate textures of tunnel single file section, but straight bridge single file section 8 is not connected with straight tunnel single file section 28, space length is up and down arranged, and it is current to satisfy motor vehicles.
The optimum position of straight bridge earth terminal 5: the straight bridge earth terminal 5 of two embedded grouping bridges is near the opposite bifurcated section 7 below ground locations of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 in the same way.As long as make its through vehicles pass bifurcated section 7 from ground, then the height of bifurcated section 7 can reduce as far as possible, promptly the height of one deck bridge.The optimum position of straight tunnel earth terminal 25: the straight tunnel earth terminal 25 in two embedded groupings tunnel is near the opposite bifurcated section 27 top ground locations in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 in the same way.Make its through vehicles stride across bifurcated section 27 from ground, then the degree of depth of bifurcated section 27 can reduce as far as possible.
The preferred structure of right-hand bend bridge 3: the curved bridge single file section 13 in the right side of right-hand bend bridge 3 is preferably to the arcuate structure of 28 one-tenth three-dimensional decussate textures of two straight bridge single file sections 8 and two straight tunnel single file sections central area indent.The preferred structure in right-hand bend tunnel 23: curved tunnel, the right side in right-hand bend tunnel 23 single file section 33 is preferably to the arcuate structure of 8 one-tenth three-dimensional decussate textures of two straight tunnel single file sections 28 and two straight bridge single file sections central area indent.In order to prolong the length of right curved bridge single file section 13 and right curved tunnel single file section 33, meet the traffic specification requirement and satisfy the gradient, and take ground, crossroad, space, underground position less as far as possible, and the arcuate structure that the turn fractions of curved bridge single file section 13 in the right side and right curved tunnel single file section 33 is arranged to concave.This preferred structure makes the present invention can be used for having only more than 55 meters between place, diagonal angle, the crossroad building, and the small-sized crossroad of two-way six-lane, can both build the unimpeded facility of combination of the present invention.This just makes the present invention can be used for the crossroad, arterial highway in old city, realizes that old arterial street crossroad straightgoing vehicle and right-hand rotation car that people wish have no road occupying unimpeded.
The curved bridge single file section 13 in the right side and right curved tunnel single file section 33 min. turning radius of arc of concaving design: the central point with 28 one-tenth three-dimensional decussate textures of two straight bridge single file sections 8 and two straight tunnel single file sections is the center, right curved bridge single file section 13 is the arcs to stereo cross shape structure centre indent, and right curved tunnel single file section 33 is the arcs to stereo cross shape structure centre indent; The beeline length of curved bridge single file section 13 in the relative right side and right curved tunnel single file section 33 is L, the min. turning radius of right curved bridge single file section 13 of arc or the right curved tunnel of arc single file section 33 is R, in the scope of 30.0 meters≤L≤80.0 meter, the relationship of L and R is: R=L ÷ 4+8.When L=60.0 rice, R=23.0 rice.L is long more, illustrates that the crossroad area is big more, and then turning radius R can be big more, and right curved bridge single file section 13 of arc and the right curved tunnel of arc single file section 33 can be born the fast more travel speed of motor vehicle.
At the parting of the ways, because there is not intersection road occupying collision problem between the motor vehicles in the left-hand bend of left lateral system, not the subject matter that this patent will solve so turn left.Turning left from ground can be without overpass bridge and tunnel, but will have the road occupying of intersection to conflict with bicycle and pedestrian.For avoiding this intersection road occupying conflict, can be that the right side is widened with the outside in right-hand bend bridge 3 and right-hand bend tunnel 23, the left turning vehicle that is used for ground, right side by-path uses, and just turn right bridge 3 and right-hand bend tunnel 23 become the right-hand bend car of this ground by-path and the common combined bridge or the tunnel that uses of left turning vehicle of ground, right side by-path.The structure in right-hand bend bridge 3 and right-hand bend tunnel 23 is without any variation, just become the right side, left-hand rotation combined bridge or the right side, the dual-purpose tunnel of left-hand rotation, it is unimpeded fully to make the present invention become four craspedodrome roads of crossroad, four right-hand rotation bends, four left-turning pathways, the full intercommunication combined type means of transportation of neither one intersection road occupying conflict point have promptly been realized the full intercommunication multilevel traffic facility that whole tracks, crossroad are unimpeded.But the disclosed screen frame shape of Chinese patent 200820230509.5 Figure of description overpass bridge will reach the unimpeded multilevel traffic in whole tracks, crossroad, is provided with the left-hand bend service bridge, and promptly turn left bridge and right-hand bend bridge are two graded crossing bridges side by side.According to overpass bridge and Tunnel Design standard, the minimum widith in the right side of the present invention, left-hand rotation combined bridge or tunnel can be 10.0 meters, but the left-hand bend bridge of the disclosed screen frame shape of Chinese patent 200820230509.5 Figure of description overpass bridge and right-hand bend bridge minimum widith side by side are 15.0 meters.Consequently, right, the left-hand rotation of one-sided realization, the present invention has reduced by 5.0 meters occupation of land width; Only this has reduced by 10.0 meters occupation of land face width degree with regard to one than the disclosed screen frame shape of Chinese patent 200820230509.5 Figure of description overpass bridge.This stand out of 10.0 meters, make combined type means of transportation of the present invention can be used for the almost crossroad of any two-way six-lane, and have the crossroad of a lot of two-way six-lanes all can not use the disclosed screen frame shape of Chinese patent 200820230509.5 Figure of description overpass bridge.That is to say, make combined type means of transportation of the present invention usability widely be arranged than the disclosed screen frame shape of Chinese patent 200820230509.5 Figure of description overpass bridge, combined type means of transportation of the present invention can be solved outside any problem of the disclosed screen frame shape of Chinese patent 200820230509.5 Figure of description overpass bridge, can also solve the multilevel traffic problem of the indeterminable littler crossroad of Chinese patent 200820230509.5 Figure of description disclosed screen frame shape overpass bridge.
" right side " " left side " in the right of the present invention or the left side, the right side or the left side, left side, right side is meant that the people stands in common bridge earth terminal 4 positions of rising of some bifurcateds in the same way " Y " font fork bridge 1, or certain " Y " font fork tunnel 21 enter tunnel earth terminal 24 positions jointly, in the face of the stereo cross shape structure centre that two straight tunnel single file sections 28 in two straight bridge single file sections 8 of two " Y " fonts fork bridges 1 and two " Y " font fork tunnels 21 are formed goes to judge " right side " or " left side ".
Two bridges of the present invention side by side section 14 and two tunnels side by side section 34 comprise two tracks at least.
Track of the present invention, bridge, the tunnel motor vehicle that can pass through at least, but do not limit width, can increase width many cars side by side.
Craspedodrome arch bridge 2 of the present invention is meant that the travel direction of motor vehicles on bridge is to keep straight on to stride across the bridge of crossroad for purpose, and craspedodrome tunnel 22 is meant that the travel direction of motor vehicles in the tunnel is to keep straight on to pass the tunnel of crossroad for purpose.But the ascents and descents that the level height meaning is arranged is so shape can be rectilinear form or curved shape, when actual bridge construction or tunnel, with being shaped as according to determining of ground level road.
Right-hand bend bridge 3 of the present invention is meant the bridge that the motor vehicles that are used to turn right use.The right-hand rotation bridge of left lateral system is at the right side, high position of craspedodrome arch bridge 2 bifurcated, and the direction that right-hand bend bridge 3 is directly bent to right is turned, and does not need to do unnecessary detouring from ground, left side by-path and ground, opposite by-path.Right-hand bend of the present invention tunnel 23 is meant the tunnel that the motor vehicles that are used to turn right use.The right side bifurcated is put at the deep-seated in craspedodrome tunnel 22 in the right-hand rotation tunnel of left lateral system, and the direction that right-hand bend tunnel 23 is directly bent to right is turned, and does not need to do unnecessary detouring from ground, left side by-path and ground, opposite by-path.
Right-hand bend bridge 3 of the present invention can only use as turning right, and the left-hand bend bridge that also can be used as ground, this right-hand bend bridge 3 right side by-path uses, and the bridge 3 of promptly turning right can be right, left-hand bend combined bridge.Right-hand bend of the present invention tunnel 23 can use in a conduct right-hand bend, and the left-hand bend tunnel that also can be used as ground, 23 right side, this right-hand bend tunnel by-path uses, and the tunnel 23 of promptly turning right can be the right side, dual-purpose tunnel turns left.
Left lateral system of the present invention refers to motor vehicles left-hand traffic management system.
Intersection road occupying conflict of the present invention refers to the traffic conflict between the motor vehicles at the parting of the ways.
Zone, high position of the present invention is meant the pontic section of the following motor vehicles height that can pass through.Deep-seated of the present invention is put the zone and is meant that the degree of depth in tunnel can satisfy can the pass through tunnel section of motor vehicles of ground, top.
It is that " car " or " vehicle " of bicycle is meant motor vehicle or refers to motor vehicles that the present invention does not indicate.
Advantage of the present invention:
One, large communications facility is divided into the combination of four small-sized means of transportation, reduce the disaster degree that geology changes: the disclosed screen frame shape of the Figure of description overpass bridge of Chinese patent 200820230509.5 " direct left and right commentaries on classics interchange overpass " is the large-scale screen frame formula of an integral body overpass bridge that is connected as a single entity, total length is very long, floor space is very big, when in total length and floor space, there being geology to change, will produce this overpass bridge and destroy, cause whole large-scale overpass bridge not use, this crossroad access is paralysed fully.And the present invention above-mentioned whole large-scale overpass bridge is split as bifurcated in the same way " Y " the font fork bridge that two independences are not connected is small-sized overpass bridge, bifurcated in the same way " Y " the font fork tunnel that is not connected with two independences is a minitunnel, finish the right-hand rotation of four roads in crossroad and the unimpeded function of keeping straight on respectively with these two small-sized overpass bridges and two minitunnels, in identical driving speed per hour, identical technology such as pontic gradient ginseng is wanted under the condition, compare the large-scale screen frame overpass bridge of Chinese patent 200820230509.5 Figure of description, each small-sized overpass bridge of the present invention and each minitunnel shorten 30-35% than the total length of present large-scale overpass bridge, and two small-sized overpass bridges and two minitunnel gross areas reduce 30-50%; Substantially do not take road self ground in addition, and the underground and aboveground space on this ground; The present invention has just reduced the degree that local damage damages integral body greatly; Reduced geology so greatly and changed the economic loss that causes damage, also can make the traffic of crossroad can not finish paralysis; In a word, the present invention's risk that greatly reduces geological disaster.
Two, turn right and turn left shared right-hand bend bridge or right-hand bend tunnel: right-hand rotation bridge earth terminal or right-hand bend tunnel earth terminal are connected with the left turn lane of ground, right side by-path, just can be used as the shared bridge of left turning vehicle or the shared tunnel of ground, right side by-path.The minimum widith in shared bridge or tunnel will reduce by 5.0 meters right left sides than the overall width of two independent bridges or two separate tunnel.The right-hand rotation bridge of the disclosed screen frame shape of the Figure of description of Chinese patent 200820230509.5 overpass bridge and left-hand rotation bridge are two independent bridges all.So whole composite bridge of the present invention or combination tunnel have reduced than the disclosed screen frame shape of Chinese patent 200820230509.5 Figure of description overpass bridge and have taken the ground circular diameter more than 10.0 meters.Then the present invention can be used for littler crossroad, and is spendable wider.
Three, the vehicle that leaves the crossroad broad arranged ground as merging the track section: two small-sized overpass bridges, be not connected with two minitunnels are independent, can arrive ground away from the vehicle of crossroad and merge the track with the vehicle that other leaves the crossroad on ground again, and not on bridge or in the tunnel, merge the track.Merging the track on ground can have very wide very long merging track section, is difficult for blocking up because of merging the track.Avoided the disclosed screen frame shape of the Figure of description overpass bridge of Chinese patent 200820230509.5 on pontic, to merge the too little too narrow and traffic congestion problem that causes of lane position.
Four, be same as the former circuit of plane traffic substantially and do not have unnecessary detouring: it is unimpeded that two-way six-lane crossroad craspedodrome motorway and the motor-driven road of right-hand bend car are had no road occupying, and solved the traffic congestion that produces because of the two road usual friendship at the parting of the ways, problem blocks the traffic.This is a kind of unnecessary circuit that detours that do not have, motor vehicles only have ascents and descents to be different from the plane traffic at the parting of the ways, and driving route is same as the driving route on the existing surface road that traffic lights are arranged substantially, do not change direction of traffic and the custom of people in the usual friendship crossroad, do not get lost because of unnecessary detouring in can current process at the parting of the ways, the engineering quantity of building bridge in addition is less than existing any intercommunicated overpass, saves the bridge construction engineering cost.
Five, the little crossroad of two-way six-lane can be used: the present invention only uses two, and " Y " font Y-shaped arch bridge and two are combined into the means of transportation of crossroad in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel in the same way in the same way, it is unimpeded fully just to have realized that the crossroad has no road occupying and conflicts, than the existing intercommunicated overpass that detours, reduced the length of bridge in a large number with the disclosed screen frame shape of the Figure of description of Chinese patent 200820230509.5 overpass bridge, reduced floor space in a large number, ground and space round diameter have only 55 meters two-way six-lane small size crossroad, city can realize that also grade separation is unimpeded at the parting of the ways to make it, promptly do not intersect the road occupying conflict point, also the section of interweaving not provides new design scheme for solving the global arterial street automobile traffic problem of blocking up.
Six, only use one deck bridge: one deck overpass bridge is only used on ground.Littler to the civic landscape influence.
Seven, human and vehicle shunting is realized on ground at the parting of the ways, also the road is in the people: in the crossroad of using this patent facility, motor vehicle all moves under on the bridge or tunnel, there is not motor vehicle on the ground, so ground at the parting of the ways can have free passage for pedestrian and non motorized vehicle, realized that people's car separates, goes back in the traffic line of the hommization of the people.
Eight, more miniaturization of ground overpass bridge: the crossroad of using means of transportation of the present invention, the all traffic from overpass bridge or the tunnel of craspedodrome motor vehicles and right-hand bend motor vehicles, do not have motor vehicles current, have only pedestrian and non motorized vehicle current from ground, crossroad from ground, crossroad.Then the overpass bridge on ground only needs 2.5-3.0 rice headway just can satisfy the current requirement of pedestrian and non motorized vehicle at the parting of the ways.2.5-3.0 the overpass bridge of rice headway reduces 1.5-2.0 rice headway than 4.5 meters headway overpass bridges of current motor vehicle, can reduce the 30%-40% headway, then just can reduce the pontic length of 30%-40%, as long as the total length of " Y " font Y-shaped arch bridge is 380 meters right left sides in the same way to make two of the present invention, and this makes overpass bridge of the present invention can not produce two too short and out of use problems of the road between the crossroad.
Inventive point of the present invention is:
One, establish same number, identical, discrete two small-sized " Y " the font overpass bridges of bifurcated direction and two small-sized " Y " font tunnels by the bar number of ground, crossroad by-path: the disclosed screen frame shape of the Figure of description overpass bridge of Chinese patent 200820230509.5 " direct left and right commentaries on classics interchange overpass " is the large-scale screen frame formula of an integral body overpass bridge that is connected as a single entity, and the whole three-dimensional bridge of the various runways in crossroad is connected as one.And the present invention with prong facing each other two in the same way bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge form a composite bridge, with prong facing each other two in the same way bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel form a combination tunnel, composite bridge on the ground face both become three-dimensional criss-cross construction below ground in the tunnel with combination, do not take road self ground in addition, and the underground and aboveground space on this ground, make the multilevel traffic fully respectively of bridge and tunnel, without any intersecting the road occupying point.The means of transportation miniaturization is not connected, can reduce qualitative changeization partly and damage, make the small-sized crossroad of two-way six-lane the aspect such as can use, all be better than the disclosed screen frame formula of the Figure of description overpass bridge of Chinese patent 200820230509.5 " direct left and right commentaries on classics interchange overpass " the means of transportation of whole crossroad.That is to say: from single comparison, the present invention is split as two small-sized " Y " font overpass bridges and two small-sized " Y " font tunnels to screen frame formula overpass bridge; From integral body relatively, the combination means of transportation in two small-sized " Y " font overpass bridges and two small-sized " Y " font tunnels become the little cross of floor space, rather than the wide screen frame shape of floor space.
Two, traffic conflict point is moved on to away from the by-path position of crossroad go multilevel traffic: the present invention is not the position that the road occupying conflict takes place to intersect at the plane traffic behavior, the i.e. position in the scope at the parting of the ways not, solution is from the direct lane and the right-turn lane of Different Ground by-path, and the conflict of the intersection road occupying between the right-turn lane, but creationary this two classes traffic conflict point is moved on to away from multilevel traffic transport solution conflict on four ground by-paths of crossroad, thereby can take the ground and the space of crossroad minimumly.The present invention requires to reduce greatly to the annular region floor area of crossroad.Means of transportation of the present invention just can be built up in ground and the space of crossroad diameter more than 55 meters, realize that the crossroad access of old city six-lane is unimpeded, stop up the meaning that initiative is arranged for solving the little crossroad access in old urban area.
Three, on the by-path of the ground on two opposites, the ground of craspedodrome bridge prolongs the right-hand bend bridge of wearing the opposite under the track: keeping straight on relatively is two two-way craspedodrome arch bridges that rightabout is kept straight on, separate, not shared bridge; Be straight bridge earth terminal than the opposite in the same way bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge common play the bridge earth terminal more becomes three-dimensional decussate texture near two straight bridge single file sections of grouping bridge and two straight tunnels, tunnel single file section of dividing into groups center; Straight bridge earth terminal is near opposite ground connection before the zone, high position of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge in the same way, so straight bridge earth terminal has been reserved the opposite high position section rightward space of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge in the same way, allow the curved bridge single file section in the right side on opposite can be directly at the craspedodrome arch bridge bifurcated on right-hand bend one side and opposite, two bridge bifurcateds can directly be turned right the right-hand bend vehicle and are not needed unnecessary detouring, the vehicle that leaves straight bridge earth terminal can be passed from the turn right ground, bifurcated section below of bridge of opposite face, realize the multilevel traffic of through vehicles and opposite right-hand bend vehicle, and have only the height of one deck bridge.
Four, under the by-path of the ground on two opposites, the ground in craspedodrome tunnel prolongs the right-hand bend tunnel that the track strides across the opposite: keeping straight on relatively is two two-way craspedodrome tunnels that rightabout is kept straight on, separate, not shared tunnel; Be straight tunnel earth terminal than the opposite in the same way bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel enter the tunnel earth terminal more becomes three-dimensional decussate texture near two straight bridge single file sections of grouping bridge and two straight tunnels, tunnel single file section of dividing into groups center jointly; Straight tunnel earth terminal near the opposite in the same way the deep-seated in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel put regional ground connection, so straight tunnel earth terminal reserved the opposite in the same way the deep-seated in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel put the section rightward space, allow curved tunnel, the right side single file section on opposite can be directly at the craspedodrome tunnel bifurcated on right-hand bend one side and opposite, two tunnel bifurcateds can directly be turned right the right-hand bend vehicle and are not needed unnecessary detouring, the vehicle that leaves straight tunnel earth terminal can be striden across from the turn right ground, bifurcated section top in tunnel of opposite face, realize the multilevel traffic of through vehicles and opposite right-hand bend vehicle, and as long as the degree of depth in one deck tunnel.
Five, the ground of right-hand bend bridge prolongs craspedodrome bridge and the right-hand bend bridge of wearing ground, right side by-path under the track: the right bridge single file section of bending is by near the direct ground connection in zone, high position that arrives near bifurcated in the same way " Y " the font fork bridge on right side of right-hand bend direction, its ground prolongs track and this high position zone multilevel traffic of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge in the same way, and what just solved the straightgoing vehicle of the ground by-path that right-hand bend vehicle and right-hand bend will arrive and right-hand bend car intersects the road occupying collision problem.The right-hand bend vehicle does not detour, and has reduced unnecessary traffic conflict point.
Six, the ground in right-hand bend tunnel prolongs craspedodrome tunnel and the right-hand bend tunnel that the track strides across ground, right side by-path: the right tunnel single file section of bending is put near the ground plane in zone by the direct arrival of right-hand bend direction near the deep-seated in bifurcated in the same way " Y " the font fork tunnel on right side, its ground prolong track with this in the same way the deep-seated in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel put regional multilevel traffic, what just solved the straightgoing vehicle of the ground by-path that right-hand bend vehicle and right-hand bend will arrive and right-hand bend car intersects the road occupying collision problem.The right-hand bend vehicle does not detour, and has reduced unnecessary traffic conflict point.
Seven, the right-hand bend bridge is designed to the right side, left-hand bend combined bridge: the right-hand bend bridge is not passed do not stride across right side bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge in the same way, and right-hand rotation bridge earth terminal can be communicated with the left turn lane of ground, right side by-path, and the right-hand bend bridge just becomes the right side, left-hand bend combined bridge.And do not need two bridges respectively as right, the use of turning left.
Eight, the right-hand bend Tunnel Design become right, dual-purpose tunnel turns left: the right-hand bend tunnel is not passed does not stride across bifurcated " Y " word jag tunnel in the same way, right side, and right-hand bend tunnel earth terminal can be communicated with the left turn lane of ground, right side by-path, and the right-hand bend tunnel just becomes the right side, dual-purpose tunnel turns left.And do not need two tunnels respectively as right, the use of turning left.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the plane structure schematic diagram of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge in the same way;
Fig. 2 is the plane structure schematic diagram in bifurcated " Y " word jag tunnel in the same way;
Fig. 3 is a plane structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
In the Figure of description, Meaning is the slope-climbing road track, Meaning is parallel bridge track, Meaning is the downhill bridge track.
In the Figure of description, " 1. " meaning is that descending enters the track, tunnel, and " 2. " meaning is a Parallel Tunnel, and " 3. " meaning is the track, tunnel of going up a slope out.
Among the figure: the 1st, bridge pitched in bifurcated " Y " font in the same way, the 2nd, the craspedodrome arch bridge, the 3rd, the right-hand bend bridge, the 4th, play the bridge earth terminal jointly, the 5th, straight bridge earth terminal, the 6th, right-hand rotation bridge earth terminal, the 7th, the bifurcated section, the 8th, straight bridge single file section, the 13rd, right curved bridge single file section, 14 is two bridges sections side by side, the 15th, bifurcation, the 21st, the tunnel pitched in bifurcated " Y " font in the same way, the 22nd, the craspedodrome tunnel, the 23rd, the right-hand bend tunnel, the 24th, advance the tunnel earth terminal jointly, the 25th, straight tunnel earth terminal, the 26th, right-hand rotation tunnel earth terminal, the 27th, the bifurcated section, the 28th, straight tunnel single file section, the 33rd, right curved tunnel single file section, 34 is two tunnels sections side by side, the 35th, bifurcation.
The specific embodiment
The crossroad of embodiment 1, left lateral traffic system is by bifurcated " Y " font fork grouping bridge and one the combined type means of transportation formed of bifurcated " Y " font fork grouping tunnel in the same way in the same way.As Fig. 1,2,3.
The cross agent structure
There are four ground by-paths the crossroad, the ground by-path across structure of the ground by-path of two opposite faces and two other opposite face.Article two, have two grouping bridges of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 composition in the same way on the ground by-path of opposite face, have two grouping tunnels of bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 compositions in the same way on the ground by-path of two other opposite face.The centre in the craspedodrome arch bridge 2 of grouping bridge and the craspedodrome tunnel 22 in grouping tunnel is separated with ground, ground and becomes three-dimensional decussate texture.
The structure of grouping bridge
One, structure of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 in the same way: each in the same way the craspedodrome arch bridge 2 of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 and right-hand bend bridge 3 have and play bridge earth terminal 4 jointly, and play bridge earth terminal 4 jointly to the section 14 side by side of two bridges between the bifurcation 15; In the fork of bifurcated " Y " font in the same way zone, high position, bridge 1 stage casing, right-hand bend bridge 3 is at a side and craspedodrome arch bridge 2 bifurcateds of turning right; The bifurcated section that right-hand bend bridge 3 leaves craspedodrome arch bridge 2 is a bifurcated section 7; Craspedodrome arch bridge 2 also has a straight bridge earth terminal 5, and right-hand bend bridge 3 also also has a right-hand rotation bridge earth terminal 6; From bifurcation 15 to straight bridge earth terminal 5 is straight bridge single file section 8; From bifurcated section 7 to right-hand rotation bridge earth terminal 6 is right curved bridge single file section 13.
Two, the structure of grouping bridge: divide prong facing each other two in the same way bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 form a grouping bridge.Two in the same way two bridge common ground ends 4 of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 be communicated with the direct lane and the right-turn lane of two ground by-paths respectively away from the crossroad.
Three, straight bridge single file section 8 structures of two embedded grouping bridges: the part section of the straight bridge single file of each of two embedded grouping bridges section 8 strides across the crossroad and extend into the opposite in the same way among the branch prong of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1, and its straight bridge earth terminal 5 is positioned at the ground, below near bifurcated in the same way " Y " the font fork bridge 1 bifurcated section 7 on opposite.The orthography from the top down of two straight bridge single file sections 8 in two embedded grouping bridges becomes part shape side by side, and the people accounts on straight bridge single file section 8 a certain side ground and sees 8 one-tenth grade separation structures of these two straight bridge single file sections.
Four, the structure of the right-hand bend bridge 3 of two embedded grouping bridges: in the fork of bifurcated " Y " font in the same way bridge 1, the bifurcated section 7 of right-hand bend bridge 3 is at the right bifurcated in zone, high position, craspedodrome arch bridge 2 stage casing.The left lateral system of being applicable to traffic rules motor vehicles enter right curved bridge single file section 13 realization right-hand bends from the shunting, the right of craspedodrome arch bridge 2.
The structure in grouping tunnel
One, structure in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 in the same way: each the craspedodrome tunnel 22 in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 and right-hand bend tunnel 23 has and advances tunnel earth terminal 24 jointly in the same way, and advance jointly tunnel earth terminal 24 to two tunnels between the bifurcation 35 section 34 side by side; 21 stage casing deep-seateds are put the zone in the fork of bifurcated " Y " font in the same way tunnel, and right-hand bend tunnel 23 is at a side and craspedodrome tunnel 22 bifurcateds of turning right; The bifurcated section that right-hand bend tunnel 23 leaves craspedodrome tunnel 22 is a bifurcated section 27; Craspedodrome tunnel 22 also has a straight tunnel earth terminal 25, and right-hand bend tunnel 23 also also has a right-hand rotation tunnel earth terminal 26; From bifurcation 35 to straight tunnel earth terminal 25 is straight tunnel single file section 28; From bifurcated section 27 to right-hand rotation tunnel earth terminal 26 is right curved tunnel single file section 33.
Two, the structure in grouping tunnel: divide prong facing each other two in the same way bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 form a grouping tunnel.Two in the same way two of bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 advance tunnel earth terminal 24 jointly and be communicated with the direct lane and the right-turn lane of two ground by-paths respectively away from the crossroad.
Three, straight tunnel single file section 28 structures in two embedded grouping tunnel: each straight tunnel single file section 28 in two embedded groupings tunnel is passed the crossroad and is extend into the opposite in the same way among the branch prong in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21, and its straight tunnel earth terminal 25 is positioned at the ground, top near the bifurcated section 27 in bifurcated in the same way " Y " the font fork tunnel 21 on opposite.Two straight tunnel single file sections 28 orthography from the top down in same two embedded grouping tunnel becomes part shape side by side, but 28 one-tenth grade separation structures of these two straight tunnel single file sections of side-looking.
Four, the structure in the right-hand bend tunnel 23 in two embedded grouping tunnel: in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 in the same way, the bifurcated section 27 in right-hand bend tunnel 23 in the craspedodrome tunnel 22 stage casing deep-seateds put the right bifurcated in zone.The left lateral system of being applicable to traffic rules motor vehicles enter the 33 realization right-hand bends of right curved tunnel single file section from the shunting, the right in craspedodrome tunnel 22.
Unimpeded combining structure
Two groups of craspedodrome arch bridges 2 of two embedded grouping bridges are face on the ground, with 22 one-tenth three-dimensional decussate textures in two groups of craspedodrome tunnels, specifically be the straight bridge single file section 8 of one group of craspedodrome arch bridge 2 and 28 one-tenth middle levels stereo cross shape structures that are separated with ground of straight tunnel single file section in one group of craspedodrome tunnel 22 in underground two embedded grouping tunnels.Two groups of craspedodrome arch bridges 2 of upper-layer packet bridge are center 2.5 meters of the headroom discrepancy in elevation overhead at the parting of the ways.Below the ground, center, depth capacity is for can guarantee that the vehicle pass-through on ground, center, crossroad is as the criterion at the parting of the ways in the depth capacity zone in craspedodrome tunnel 22.
Each in the same way the craspedodrome arch bridge 2 of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 and right-hand bend bridge 3 common play bridge earth terminal 4 away from the crossroad, left-hand lane with a ground by-path is communicated with respectively, each two bridge section 14 side by side lay respectively at above the left-hand lane of a ground by-path, each straight bridge single file section 8 is respectively from striding across descending behind the center, crossroad in the air, extend into the opposite in the same way between the branch prong of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1, each right curved bridge single file section 13 is kept straight on along the sky of this ground by-path scope, to bending to right again near the center, crossroad, after the right-hand bend again along ground, the right by-path scope descending.
Each in the same way the craspedodrome tunnel 22 in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 and right-hand bend tunnel 23 advance tunnel earth terminal 24 jointly away from the crossroad, left-hand lane with a ground by-path is communicated with respectively, each two tunnel section 34 side by side lay respectively at below the ground of left-hand lane of a ground by-path, each straight tunnel single file section 28 is gone up a slope after passing the center, crossroad from underground respectively, extend into the opposite in the same way between the branch prong in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21, each right curved tunnel single file section 33 is kept straight on along the below, ground of this ground by-path scope, to bending to right again near the center, crossroad, after the right-hand bend again along the underground upward slope of ground, the right by-path scope.
Vehicle driving circuit on grouping bridge
One, use the crossroad of present embodiment, the traffic route of straightgoing vehicle is on the two embedded grouping bridge on upper strata: certain ground by-path----plays bridge earth terminal 4----two bridges side by side among section 14[figure jointly ] zone, high position, stage casing of----craspedodrome arch bridge 2 and right curved bridge 3 bifurcateds, the arch bridge 2 of promptly keeping straight on reaches 4.5 meters headways [among the figure ] among----straight bridge single file section 8[figure ]----stride across the center, crossroad, reach the straight bridge earth terminal 5----of 2.5 meters headways----wears the opposite from underground bifurcated in the same way " Y " font fork bridge 1 bifurcated section 7, arrive the opposite the ground by-path leave the track, crossroad, be implemented in the crossroad and keep straight on.
Two, use the crossroad of present embodiment, the traffic route of right-hand bend car is: certain ground by-path----plays bridge earth terminal 4----two bridges side by side among the section 14[figure jointly ] zone, high position, stage casing of----craspedodrome arch bridge 2 and right curved bridge 3 bifurcateds, promptly reach 4.5 meters headways [among the figure ]----turn right and enter 2 among the bifurcated section 7[figure]----right curved bridge single file section 13 lower slope sections [3 among the figure]----right-hand bend bridge earth terminal 6----strides bifurcated in the same way " Y " the font fork tunnel 21 of right side by-path from ground, what arrive ground, the right by-path leaves the track, crossroad, is implemented in the crossroad and turns right.
Three, use the crossroad of present embodiment, the traffic route of left turning vehicle is: certain ground by-path, and----------------outside----two bridges in the zone, high position, stage casing of craspedodrome arch bridge 2 and right curved bridge 3 bifurcateds section 14----side by side play bridge earth terminal 4 jointly, and the ground by-path that arrives the left side is implemented in the crossroad left-hand bend in the outside of bifurcated section 7 in the outside of right curved bridge single file section 13 in the outside of the right-hand bend bridge earth terminal 6 of ground, left side by-path.
Vehicle driving circuit in the grouping tunnel
One, use the crossroad of present embodiment, the traffic route of straightgoing vehicle is in two embedded groupings tunnel: certain ground by-path----advance jointly earth terminal 24----two tunnels, tunnel side by side among the section 34[figure 3.]----craspedodrome tunnel 22 puts the zone with the stage casing deep-seated of right curved tunnel 23 bifurcateds, be the tunnel degree of depth that ground can traffick [among the figure 2.]----straight tunnel single file section 28 is passed center, crossroad [among the figure 2.]----among the straight tunnel single file section 28[figure 1.]----straight tunnel earth terminal 25----bifurcated section 27 of striding across bifurcated in the same way " Y " the font fork tunnel 21 on opposite from ground arrive opposites the ground by-path leave the track, crossroad, be implemented in the crossroad and keep straight on.
Two, use the crossroad of present embodiment, the traffic route of right-hand bend car is: certain ground by-path----advance jointly earth terminal 24----two tunnels, tunnel side by side among the section 34[figure 3.]----craspedodrome tunnel 22 puts the zone with the stage casing deep-seated of right curved tunnel 23 bifurcateds, be the tunnel degree of depth that ground can traffick [among the figure 2.]----turn right and enter among the bifurcated section 27[figure 2.]----right curved tunnel single file section 33 section [among the figure 1.]----right-hand bend tunnel earth terminal 26----that goes up a slope wears bifurcated in the same way " Y " the font fork bridge 1 of right side by-path from underground, arrive the right the ground by-path leave the track, crossroad, be implemented in the crossroad and turn right.
Three, use the crossroad of present embodiment, the traffic route of left turning vehicle is: certain ground by-path, and----------------two tunnels, the outside----that craspedodrome tunnel 22 and the stage casing deep-seated of right-hand bend tunnel 33 bifurcateds are put the zone section 34----ground by-path that arrives the left side side by side leave the track, crossroad, are implemented in the crossroad in the outside of bifurcated section 27 in the outside of right curved tunnel single file section 33 in the outside of the right-hand bend tunnel earth terminal 26 of ground, left side by-path.
The crossroad of embodiment 2, left lateral traffic system, two curved bridge single file sections in the right side are the arc combined type means of transportation of indent.
The entire infrastructure that comprises embodiment 1, and the straight bridge earth terminal 5 of two embedded grouping bridges is near the opposite bifurcated section 7 below ground locations of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge 1 in the same way.Right curved bridge single file section 13 is the arcuate structures to 28 one-tenth three-dimensional decussate textures of two straight bridge single file sections 8 and two straight tunnel single file sections central area indent.Central point with 28 one-tenth three-dimensional decussate textures of two straight bridge single file sections 8 and two straight tunnel single file sections is the center, the right curved bridge single file section 13 relative beeline length of two arcs of grouping bridge are L, the min. turning radius of the right curved bridge single file section 13 of these two arcs is R, in the scope of 30.0 meters≤L≤80.0 meter, the relationship of L and R is: R=L ÷ 4+8.Present embodiment R=18.0 rice, L=40.0 rice, add 18.0 meters of the curved bridge single file section 13 width sums in two right sides, then only take diameter above the overpass bridge of the present embodiment ground at the parting of the ways and be 58.0 meters circular space zone, just can make the craspedodrome of these two by-paths and right-hand bend vehicle realize having no road occupying unimpeded.
The crossroad of embodiment 3, left lateral traffic system, curved tunnel, two right sides single file section is the arc combined type means of transportation of indent.
The entire infrastructure that comprises embodiment 1, and the straight tunnel earth terminal 25 in two embedded groupings tunnel is near the opposite ground location of bifurcated section 27 tops in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel 21 in the same way.Right curved tunnel single file section 33 is the arcuate structures to 8 one-tenth three-dimensional decussate textures of two straight tunnel single file sections 28 and two straight bridge single file sections central area indent.Central point with 8 one-tenth three-dimensional decussate textures of two straight tunnel single file sections 28 and two straight bridge single file sections is the center, the right curved tunnel of two arcs single file section 33 relative beeline length in grouping tunnel are L, the min. turning radius of this right curved tunnel of two arcs single file section 33 is R, in the scope of 30.0 meters≤L≤80.0 meter, the relationship of L and R is: R=L ÷ 4+8.Present embodiment R=18.0 rice, L=40.0 rice, add 18.0 meters of curved tunnel, two right sides single file section 33 width sums, then at the parting of the ways underground of the tunnel of present embodiment to take diameter be 58.0 meters lower area circularly, just can make these two by-paths craspedodrome and right-hand bend vehicle realize having no road occupying unimpeded.

Claims (4)

1. the combined type means of transportation in left lateral system " Y " font bifurcated bridge and bifurcated tunnel, comprise two Y-shaped arch bridges and two bifurcated tunnels, it is characterized in that: two Y-shaped arch bridges all have a craspedodrome arch bridge (2) and a right-hand bend bridge (3), right-hand bend bridge (3) is positioned at the right side of craspedodrome arch bridge (2), right-hand bend bridge (3) is all at a side and craspedodrome arch bridge (2) bifurcated of turning right, this bifurcation is bifurcation (15), makes a craspedodrome arch bridge (2) and a right-hand bend bridge (3) form bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge (1) in the same way; All there are a craspedodrome tunnel (22) and a right-hand bend tunnel (23) in two bifurcated tunnels, right-hand bend tunnel (23) is positioned at the right side of craspedodrome tunnel (22), right-hand bend tunnel (23) is all at a side and craspedodrome tunnel (22) bifurcated of turning right, this bifurcation is bifurcation (35), makes a craspedodrome tunnel (22) and a right-hand bend tunnel (23) form bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel (21) in the same way;
Each in the same way the craspedodrome arch bridge (2) of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge (1) and right-hand bend bridge (3) have and play bridge earth terminal (4) jointly, and play bridge earth terminal (4) jointly to two bridges between the bifurcation (15) section (14) side by side; At the fork of bifurcated " Y " font in the same way zone, bridge (1) high position, stage casing, right-hand bend bridge (3) and craspedodrome arch bridge (2) bifurcated; The zone, high position that right-hand bend bridge (3) leaves craspedodrome arch bridge (2) is bifurcated section (7); Craspedodrome arch bridge (2) also has a straight bridge earth terminal (5), and right-hand bend bridge (3) also also has a right-hand rotation bridge earth terminal (6); From bifurcation (15) to straight bridge earth terminal (5) is straight bridge single file section (8); From bifurcation (15) to right-hand rotation bridge earth terminal (6) is right curved bridge single file section (13); Each the craspedodrome tunnel (22) of bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel (21) and right-hand bend tunnel (23) has and advances tunnel earth terminal (24) jointly in the same way, and advances tunnel earth terminal (24) jointly to two tunnels between the bifurcation (35) section (34) side by side; Deep-seated is put the zone, right-hand bend tunnel (23) and craspedodrome tunnel (22) bifurcated in the fork of bifurcated " Y " font in the same way stage casing, tunnel (21); It is bifurcated section (27) that the deep-seated that right-hand bend tunnel (23) leaves craspedodrome tunnel (22) is put section; Craspedodrome tunnel (22) also has a straight tunnel earth terminal (25), and right-hand bend tunnel (23) also also have a right-hand rotation tunnel earth terminal (26); From bifurcation (35) to straight tunnel earth terminal (25) is straight tunnel single file section (28); From bifurcation (35) to right-hand rotation tunnel earth terminal (26) is right curved tunnel single file section (33);
Divide prong relative two in the same way bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge (1) form a grouping bridge, divide prong relative two to form a grouping tunnel in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel (21) in the same way, two straight bridge single file sections (8) of grouping bridge become three-dimensional decussate texture with two straight tunnel single file sections (28) in the tunnel that divides into groups; The part section of straight bridge single file section (8) is positioned at the opposite in the same way among the branch prong of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge (1), become two embedded grouping bridges, the part section of straight tunnel single file section (28) is positioned at the opposite in the same way among the branch prong in bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel (21), becomes two embedded grouping tunnels; Bifurcated in the same way " Y " the font fork bridge (1) that right curved bridge single file section (13) is positioned at the place and right side be in the same way between bifurcated " Y " the font fork tunnel (21), right curved tunnel single file section (33) be positioned at bifurcated in the same way " Y " the font fork tunnel (21) at place and right side in the same way bifurcated " Y " font pitch between the bridge (1).
2. the combined type means of transportation in left lateral system according to claim 1 " Y " font bifurcated bridge and bifurcated tunnel is characterized in that: the straight bridge earth terminal (5) of two embedded grouping bridges is near opposite bifurcated section (7) the below ground location of bifurcated " Y " font fork bridge (1) in the same way; The straight tunnel earth terminal (25) in two embedded groupings tunnel is near opposite bifurcated section (27) the top ground location of bifurcated " Y " font fork tunnel (21) in the same way.
3. the combined type means of transportation in left lateral system according to claim 1 " Y " font bifurcated bridge and bifurcated tunnel is characterized in that: right curved bridge single file section (13) is the arcuate structure that becomes three-dimensional decussate texture central area indent to two straight bridge single file sections (8) with two straight tunnel single file sections (28); Right curved tunnel single file section (33) is the arcuate structure that becomes three-dimensional decussate texture central area indent to two straight tunnel single file sections (28) with two straight bridge single file sections (8).
4. the combined type means of transportation in left lateral system according to claim 3 " Y " font bifurcated bridge and bifurcated tunnel, it is characterized in that: becoming the central point of three-dimensional decussate texture with two straight bridge single file sections (8) with two straight tunnel single file sections (28) is the center, right curved bridge single file section (13) is the arc to stereo cross shape structure centre indent, and right curved tunnel single file section (33) is the arc to stereo cross shape structure centre indent; The beeline length of curved bridge single file section (13) in the relative right side and right curved tunnel single file section (33) is L, the min. turning radius of right curved bridge single file section (13) of arc or the right curved tunnel single file section (33) of arc is R, in the scope of 30.0 meters≤L≤80.0 meter, the relationship of L and R is: R=L ÷ 4+8.
CN2011101175300A 2010-05-10 2011-04-28 Left-side-driving combined traffic facility of Y-shaped bifurcated bridges and Y-shaped bifurcated tunnels Pending CN102234972A (en)

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CN2011201449876U Expired - Fee Related CN202090255U (en) 2010-05-10 2011-04-28 Right-side-driving y-shaped branched bridge and branched tunnel combined traffic facility
CN2011201504638U Expired - Fee Related CN202107960U (en) 2010-05-10 2011-04-28 Left-side-driving Y-shaped branched bridge and branched tunnel combined type traffic facility
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CN201110117498.6A Active CN102234971B (en) 2010-05-10 2011-04-28 Combined traffic facility of right running 'halberd'-shaped bifurcate bridge and bifurcate tunnel

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CN102650114A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-08-29 高健 Right-hand combined bridge or combined tunnel comprising two lane-changing type `halberd`-shaped units
CN102650113A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-08-29 高健 Combined traffic facility comprising land-changing type `halberd`-shaped bifurcate bridges and bifurcate tunnels
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Application publication date: 20111109