CN102232873A - Positioning method and structure of dental braces - Google Patents

Positioning method and structure of dental braces Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102232873A
CN102232873A CN 201010157735 CN201010157735A CN102232873A CN 102232873 A CN102232873 A CN 102232873A CN 201010157735 CN201010157735 CN 201010157735 CN 201010157735 A CN201010157735 A CN 201010157735A CN 102232873 A CN102232873 A CN 102232873A
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CN
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Prior art keywords
base units
dental braces
structure
positioning
tooth
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CN 201010157735
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Chinese (zh)
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黄正和
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黄正和
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C7/00Orthodontics, i.e. obtaining or maintaining the desired position of teeth, e.g. by straightening, evening, regulating, separating, or by correcting malocclusions
    • A61C7/12Brackets; Arch wires; Combinations thereof; Accessories therefor
    • A61C7/14Brackets; Fixing brackets to teeth
    • A61C7/146Positioning or placement of brackets; Tools therefor

Abstract

The invention relates to a positioning method and a structure of dental braces and belongs to a medical appliance. The structure mainly has plastic injection molded substrate single bodies. The positioning method comprises the following steps: drawing crossed reference lines on the tooth molds for a patient first; heating the dental braces, embedding the dental braces in the substrate single bodies, and bonding and positioning the dental braces by flexible pieces; adhering the substrate single bodies and the dental braces onto the tooth molds; regulating the positions of the dental braces properly, and adhering light-cured resin onto the substrate single bodies to make the substrate single bodies interconnected; and applying gum on the dental braces, bonding the substrate single bodies which are connected in series to the dental braces of the substrate single bodies and directly adhering the dental braces to the teeth to be corrected of the patient. When the method and the structure are implemented, the mounting of the dental braces is more convenient and the efficiency is higher.

Description

牙齿矫正器的定位方法及其结构 The method of positioning braces and Structure

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及医疗器械类,特别涉及一种牙齿矫正器的定位方法及其结构,尤指一种使矫正器的安装更为方便且更具效率,以降低安装成本的定位方法及结构。 [0001] The present invention relates to medical equipment, in particular, relates to a positioning method and the structure of a dental appliance, particularly to a mounting brace is more convenient and more efficient, to reduce the installation costs of the positioning method and structure .

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 一般于矫正牙齿时,通常于牙齿表面贴附矫正器,再将各矫正器紧密连接,传统安装矫正器的方式如下: [0002] Usually when straightening teeth, the tooth surface is typically attached to the braces, and then tightly connected to each of the orthotic, conventional mounting brace in the following way:

[0003] 1、先根据患者的牙齿制作出齿模。 [0003] 1, to produce a first dental model of the patient's teeth.

[0004] 2、于齿模画出十字线,并于内缘涂布腊材。 [0004] 2, the tooth mold draw cross lines, and the wax coating material at the inner edge.

[0005] 3、将矫正器依照十字线对准齿模内缘,再以粉末成型为单颗的基层。 [0005] 3, the cross-brace in accordance with lines aligned toothed rim mold, then molded into a single powder base layer.

[0006] 4、以挠性件将基层与矫正器绑缚。 [0006] 4, to the base layer and the flexure orthotic bondage.

[0007] 5、安装时矫正器涂胶,再逐一贴于患者的牙齿。 [0007] 5, when the mounting brace adhesive, one by one and then affixed to the patient's teeth.

[0008] 6、将挠性件去除并拿掉基层,使矫正器固定于牙齿表面,再将各矫正器连接完成安装。 [0008] 6, the base layer and remove the flexible member is removed, so that the aligner is fixed to the tooth surface, and then complete the installation of each brace is connected.

[0009] 前述已有矫正器的安装方式,虽然能依患者个人牙齿使用,但需经由专业的齿模师配合制作基层,且整个制作及安装过程耗工费时,效率不佳,且安装的成本较高,增加患者的经济负担。 Cost [0009] Installation of the aforementioned prior orthotic, although individual teeth can be used by the patient, but need to create professional tooth base layer via mating mold division, and the entire production process is expensive and installation labor intensive, inefficient, and install higher, increase the economic burden of patients.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0010] 本发明的目的在于提供一种牙齿矫正器的定位方法及其结构,解决矫正器整个制作及安装过程耗工费时,且安装成本较高的问题。 [0010] The object of the present invention to provide a positioning method and structure of a dental appliance, the entire production aligner solution process is expensive and labor intensive to install, and high installation costs.

[0011] 一种牙齿矫正器的定位方法及其结构,包含以下步骤: [0011] An orthodontic positioning method and device structure, comprising the steps of:

[0012] a.根据患者的齿形制作出齿模,由特定的仪器于齿模上画出十字基准线; . [0012] a patient in accordance with a toothed mold to produce teeth, the cross reference line drawn on the dental model by a particular instrument;

[0013] b.根据不同齿部及不同型式的矫正器制作不同的基层单体,于各基层单体设有十字基准线,且各基层单体根据不同的齿部予以编号; . [0013] b made according to different teeth and different types of orthotic different base units, in each of the base units with cross reference line, and each of the base units may be numbered according to different tooth portion;

[0014] c.将矫正器加热后,嵌置于基层单体,并以挠性件将矫正器绑缚定位,使基层单体根据矫正器形状构成矫正器的稳定座; . [0014] c after the correction is heated, the insert is placed base units, and the flexible member to the positioning brace bundled, so that the seat constitutes a stable base units brace according aligner shape;

[0015] d.将各基层单体一起绑缚于该基层单体的矫正器,并贴附于齿模,由垂直部的定位沟及准线槽形成的十字基准线与齿模的十字基准线对齐,适当的调整矫正器的位置; [0015] d. Each base units bundled together in a single base layer of the aligner, teeth and attached to the mold, the cross reference cross reference line formed by the positioning groove and the quasi vertical slot portion of the tooth die line alignment, proper adjustment of the position of the brace;

[0016] e.将光照树脂贴于各基层单体,使光照树脂内缘形成咬合面纹,再以相同的光照树脂将各基层单体予以相互连接; . [0016] e resin is affixed to each of the light base units, the inner edges of the resin forming the light pattern occlusal surface, and then to the same light each resin base units be connected to each other;

[0017] f.当光照树脂凝固后,构成串接的基层单体; [0017] f light when solidified resin constituting the base units connected in series.;

[0018] g.将串接的各基层单体一起绑缚于该基层单体的矫正器,由齿模取下; . [0018] g each of the base units bundled together in a series of base units of the aligner, teeth removed from the mold;

[0019] h.于各矫正器背胶后,将串接的各基层单体一起绑缚于该基层单体的矫正器,直接贴附于患者需矫正的各齿部; . [0019] h after each aligner adhesive, each of the base units connected in series with the base layer aligner bondage to monomers, is directly attached to the teeth of patients requiring correction;

[0020] i.于背胶定型后,将绑缚于各基层单体的挠性件以特定的工具挑去,并将各基层单体由分别固定于需矫正齿部表面的矫正器拆卸,于基层单体拆卸后,该矫正器即可分别固定于需矫正的齿部表面,如此,牙医即可将各矫正器予以紧密连接,完成矫正器的安装作业。 [0020] i. After setting adhesive, the flexible member will be strapped to the respective base units to pick a specific tool, and each of the base units are fixed to the disassembled by correcting the tooth surface for an orthotic, base units after disassembling, the orthotic to the tooth portions are fixed to the surface to be corrected, so, the dentist can be tightly connected to each brace, the brace to complete the installation.

[0021] 其中,该基层单体以塑料射出成型方式制作,并将矫正器加热后,嵌置于该基层单体形成一稳定座; [0021] wherein the base units to produce injection-molded plastic, and the correction after heating, the insert disposed in the base units forming a stable base;

[0022] 其中,该基层单体包括水平勾部及由该水平勾部向下延伸的垂直部,由该水平勾部勾持于齿模及患者齿部; [0022] wherein the base units includes a horizontal portion and the vertical portion of the hook of the horizontal hook portion extending downwardly from the horizontal to the hook portion hooking tooth die teeth and the patient;

[0023] 其中,该基层单体的垂直部,设有横向的定位沟及纵向的准线槽,以形成十字基准线。 [0023] wherein the vertical portion of base units, with transverse grooves and longitudinal positioning of the quasi-groove, the reference line to form a cross.

[0024] 本发明的优点在于:由于省略由技师制作基层单体的程序,牙医可直接将串接的基层单体及矫正器置于患者牙齿,节省安装的时间,提高作业效率,亦可降低安装的成本及患者的经济负担。 [0024] The advantage of the present invention is that: since the program produced by the technician base units will be omitted, and the dentist can be directly connected in series and the base units placed on the patient's teeth aligner, saving installation time, improve operating efficiency, also reduce installation costs and economic burden of patients.

附图说明 [0025] 图 1为本发明的齿模制作实施例图。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION [0025] FIG tooth die 1 of the present invention produced in Example FIG. [0026] 图 2为本发明的制作流程图。 [0026] The creation of the flowchart of FIG. 2 of the present invention. [0027] 图 3为本发明的立体分解图。 [0027] Figure 3 is a perspective exploded view of the invention. [0028] 图 4为本发明的立体分解图一。 Perspective view [0028] FIG. 4 is an exploded view of a present invention. [0029] 图 5为本发明的第一制作实施例立体图。 A perspective view of a first embodiment of the production [0029] FIG. 5 of the present invention. [0030] 图 6为本发明的第二制作实施例立体图。 A perspective view of a second embodiment of the production [0030] FIG. 6 of the present invention. [0031] 图 7为本发明的第三制作实施例立体图。 A perspective view of a third embodiment of the production [0031] FIG. 7 embodiment of the present invention. [0032] 图 8为本发明的第四制作实施例立体图。 A perspective view of a fourth embodiment of the production [0032] FIG. 8 of the present invention. [0033] 图 9为本发明的安装实施例图。 [0033] FIG. 9 of the present invention is mounted embodiment of FIG. [0034] 图 10为本发明的矫正器固定于齿部实施例图。 Orthotic [0034] FIG 10 is fixed to the embodiment of the present invention showing a tooth embodiment.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0035] 如附图2所示,本发明的整个制作及安装的程序,主要包含以下步骤: [0035] As shown in Figure 2, the entire production and installation of the program of the present invention mainly includes the following steps:

[0036] 1、如附图1所示,根据患者的齿形制作出一齿模4,由特定的仪器于患者的齿模4 上画出十字基准线41。 [0036] 1, as shown in Figure 1, according to the patient's tooth to produce a mold teeth 4, the teeth molded from a patient-specific instrument shown in cross-reference line 41 4.

[0037] 2、如附图3与附图4所示,以塑料射出成型方式,根据不同齿部及不同型式的矫正器制作不同的基层单体1,各基层单体1分别包括水平勾部11及由该水平勾部11向下延伸的垂直部12,其中,该垂直部12适当的位置设有横向的定位沟121,并于中央位置设有纵向的准线槽122,以形成十字基准线。 [0037] 2, and as shown in the drawing figures 3, injection-molded plastic, depending on the different types of teeth and the aligner 4 made of different base units 1, each of the base units 1 each hook comprises a horizontal portion 11 of the horizontal and the vertical portion of the hook portion 11 extends downwardly 12, wherein the position of the 12 appropriate vertical positioning portion provided with a transverse groove 121, and a longitudinal slot 122 in a central location registration, to form a cross reference line.

[0038] 3、如附图3所示,各基层单体1的水平勾部根据不同的齿部予以编号111。 [0038] 3, as shown in the drawings, each of the base units 1 to be horizontal hook portion 1113 depending on the number of teeth.

[0039] 4.如附图3将矫正器2加热后,嵌置于基层单体1的垂直部12的后缘,使基层单体1根据矫正器2形状构成矫正器2的稳定座,并以挠性件3沿该定位沟121将矫正器2 绑缚定位。 [0039] 4. BRIEF 3 2 After heating the brace, the insert base units disposed perpendicular to the rear edge portion 12 of one of the base units 1 constituting the seat 2 stable orthosis 2 according to the shape of the aligner, and 3 along the flexible member to the positioning groove 121 is positioned to brace 2 bundled.

[0040] 5、如附图5与附图6所示,将各基层单体1 一起绑缚于该基层单体1的矫正器2, 贴附于齿模4,并由垂直部12的定位沟121及准线槽122所形成的十字基准线与齿模4的十字基准线41对齐,适当的调整矫正器2的位置。 [0040] 5, as shown in FIG. 5 with the accompanying drawings, each of the base units 1 bundled together to the base units 6 orthosis 1 of 2, 4 attached to the tooth die by positioning the vertical portion 12 of the cross reference line grooves 121 and groove 122 formed in registration with the mold teeth 41 of the cross reference line alignment, proper adjustment of the correct position 2.

[0041] 6、如附图7所示,将光照树脂5贴于各基层单体1,使光照树脂5内缘形成咬合面纹,再以相同的光照树脂5将各基层单体1予以相互连接。 [0041] 6, as shown in Figure 7, the light in each of the five resin base units 1, the inner edge of an illumination pattern occlusal surface of the resin 5 is formed, and then a resin 5 in the same light will be the respective base units 1 each connection.

[0042] 7、当光照树脂5凝固后,构成串接的基层单体1。 [0042] 7, when the light solidified resin 5, constituting a series of base units.

[0043] 8、如附图8所示,将串接的各基层单体1 一起绑缚于该基层单体1的矫正器2,由齿模4取下。 [0043] 8, 8 as shown in the drawings, each of the base units 1 bundled together in a series of base units of the orthosis 1, 2, 4 is removed from the tooth die.

[0044] 9、于各矫正器2背胶后,将串接的各基层单体1 一起绑缚于该基层单体1的矫正器2,直接贴附于患者需矫正的各齿部。 [0044] 9, each of the base units 2 after various corrective gum, bundled together 1 concatenates the monomer in the base layer 2 of the orthosis 1, directly attached to the teeth of patients need correction.

[0045] 10、如附图9所示,背胶定型后,将绑缚于各基层单体1的挠性件3以特定的工具挑去,并将各基层单体1由矫正器2拆卸。 [0045] 10, as shown in Figure 9, after the adhesive setting, the bondage to the respective flexible member base units 1 to 3 to pick a specific tool, and each of the base units 1 disassembled by orthosis 2 .

[0046] 11、如附图10所示,于基层单体1拆卸后,该矫正器2即可分别固定于需矫正的齿部的表面,如此,牙医即可将各矫正器2予以紧密连接,完成矫正器的安装作业。 [0046] 11, as shown, the base units 1 in the disassembled portion of the surface of the tooth to the orthotic 2 are fixed to the correction required, thus, the dentist can be 2 each brace 10 is connected tightly to the accompanying drawings complete brace mounting operation.

Claims (4)

  1. 1. 一种牙齿矫正器的定位方法及其结构,其特征在于,包含以下步骤:a.根据患者的齿形制作出齿模,由特定的仪器于齿模上画出十字基准线;b.根据不同齿部及不同型式的矫正器制作不同的基层单体,于各基层单体设有十字基准线,且各基层单体根据不同的齿部予以编号;c.将矫正器加热后,嵌置于基层单体,并以挠性件将矫正器绑缚定位,使基层单体根据矫正器形状构成矫正器的稳定座;d.将各基层单体一起绑缚于该基层单体的矫正器,并贴附于齿模,由垂直部的定位沟及准线槽形成的十字基准线与齿模的十字基准线对齐,适当的调整矫正器的位置;e.将光照树脂贴于各基层单体,使光照树脂内缘形成咬合面纹,再以相同的光照树脂将各基层单体予以相互连接;f.当光照树脂凝固后,构成串接的基层单体;g.将串接的各基层单体一起绑缚于该基层 1. A method of positioning and structure of the orthodontic device, wherein, comprising the steps of: a patient made according to the teeth of the toothed mold, cross reference line drawn on the dental model by a particular instrument; b.. depending on the different teeth and different types of orthotic production base units, in each of the base units with cross reference line, and each of the base units may be numbered according to the different portions of the teeth; C heating after correction, inlay. base units disposed, and the flexible member to brace strapped positioned so that the seat constitutes a stable base units brace according aligner shape;. d of each of the base units to base units bundled together correction , a mold and affixed to the teeth, the cross reference line formed by the positioning groove and registration slot is aligned with the cross section perpendicular to the reference line of the dental model, appropriate adjustments to the position correction;. e irradiating the resin base layer attached to each monomers, the inner edges of the resin forming the light pattern occlusal surface, then the same light will be connected to each other each of the resin base units; F light when solidified resin constituting the base units connected in series;.. g the concatenated each of the base units in the base layer together bondage 体的矫正器,由齿模取下;h.于各矫正器背胶后,将串接的各基层单体一起绑缚于该基层单体的矫正器,直接贴附于患者需矫正的各齿部;i.于背胶定型后,将绑缚于各基层单体的挠性件以特定的工具挑去,并将各基层单体由分别固定于需矫正齿部表面的矫正器拆卸,于基层单体拆卸后,该矫正器即可分别固定于需矫正的齿部表面,如此,牙医即可将各矫正器予以紧密连接,完成矫正器的安装作业。 The orthosis body is removed from the tooth die;. H after each aligner adhesive, each of the base units bundled together in a series of base units of the aligner is directly attached to the correction required for each patient tooth portion;. i after the adhesive setting, the bondage to the flexible member at the respective base units to pick a specific tool, and each of the base units are fixed to the detachable braces required correction surface toothing, base units after disassembling, the orthotic to the tooth portions are fixed to the surface to be corrected, so, the dentist can be tightly connected to each brace, the brace to complete the installation.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的牙齿矫正器的定位方法及其结构,其特征在于:该基层单体以塑料射出成型方式制作,并将矫正器加热后,嵌置于该基层单体形成一稳定座。 2. The method of positioning and structure of dental appliance according to claim 1, wherein: the base units to produce injection-molded plastic, and the correction after heating, the insert disposed in the base layer forming a monomer stable seat.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的牙齿矫正器的定位方法及其结构,其特征在于:该基层单体包括水平勾部及由该水平勾部向下延伸的垂直部,由该水平勾部勾持于齿模及患者齿部。 The positioning method and structure of dental appliance according to claim 1, wherein: the base units includes a horizontal portion and the vertical portion of the hook of the horizontal hook portion extending downwardly from the hook of the horizontal hook portion holding the tooth and the tooth mold part patient.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的牙齿矫正器的定位方法及其结构,其特征在于:该基层单体的垂直部,设有以形成十字基准线横向的定位沟及纵向的准线槽。 4. The method of positioning and structure of dental appliance according to claim 3, wherein: the vertical portion of base units, with a reference line to form a cross and longitudinal grooves positioned transversely quasi slot.
CN 201010157735 2010-04-28 2010-04-28 Positioning method and structure of dental braces CN102232873A (en)

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CN 201010157735 CN102232873A (en) 2010-04-28 2010-04-28 Positioning method and structure of dental braces
DE201011005517 DE112010005517B4 (en) 2010-04-28 2010-12-29 Positioning structure for orthodontic appliances and their preparation
RU2012146611A RU2536414C2 (en) 2010-04-28 2010-12-29 Method and construct for modelling dental bracket
KR20127027212A KR101437752B1 (en) 2010-04-28 2010-12-29 Orthodontic appliance
GB201217479A GB2491534B (en) 2010-04-28 2010-12-29 Positioning method for orthodontic appliance and structure thereof
PCT/CN2010/002199 WO2011134133A1 (en) 2010-04-28 2010-12-29 Positioning method for dental braces and structure thereof

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CN106821519A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-06-13 上海爱圣美科技有限公司 Structure and digital location method for assisting bonding of orthodontic brackets

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KR101437752B1 (en) 2014-09-04 grant
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RU2012146611A (en) 2014-05-10 application

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