CN102220878A - Fixed shelter with double-protection structure - Google Patents

Fixed shelter with double-protection structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102220878A
CN102220878A CN2010101622687A CN201010162268A CN102220878A CN 102220878 A CN102220878 A CN 102220878A CN 2010101622687 A CN2010101622687 A CN 2010101622687A CN 201010162268 A CN201010162268 A CN 201010162268A CN 102220878 A CN102220878 A CN 102220878A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
refuge
door
double protection
tunnel
double
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2010101622687A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汪金洋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
XIAMEN YITIWANG INTELLIGENT TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
Original Assignee
XIAMEN YITIWANG INTELLIGENT TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by XIAMEN YITIWANG INTELLIGENT TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CO LTD filed Critical XIAMEN YITIWANG INTELLIGENT TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
Priority to CN2010101622687A priority Critical patent/CN102220878A/en
Publication of CN102220878A publication Critical patent/CN102220878A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a fixed shelter with a double-protection structure, which is mainly applied in facilitates underground, such as a down hole in a mine, the interior of a tunnel, a subway, and the like, and civil defense facilitates, and is used for emergent avoidance of staffs in danger. The shelter comprises a roadway lifesaving guide area 1, a double-protection area 2 and a safety sheltering area 3, wherein the roadway lifesaving guide area 1 comprises a lifesaving guide device 4 arranged in a roadway, a shelter door-closing and alarming device and a sensor 5 of an environmental security detection device; the double-protection area 2 is provided with double protective walls which are provided with protective doors; the protective door arranged on a first protective wall 10 is a waterproof door 13, the protective door arranged on a second protective wall 11 is a fireproofing explosion door 14, and the waterproof door 13 and the fireproofing explosion door 14 are arranged in a staggered manner; the double-protection area 2 is internally provided with a self-helping device 15, an air purifying device 9 and a sensor 8 of the environmental security detection device; and the safety sheltering area 3 is internally provided with an oxygen system, food, water, a power supply, an air purifying device 32, the environmental security detection device 32 and medical facilities which are required for self-helping of the staff in danger, as well as communication facilitates communicated with the outside. The shelter has good sealing, waterproof, fireproof, anti-explosion, heat insulating, pressure impacting resistant performances, and is convenient to use.

Description

A kind of fixed refuge of double protection structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of lifesaving appliance, specifically be applied in underground installation, the civil defence facilities such as down-hole, mine, tunnel internal, subway, for the distress personnel urgent danger prevention.
Background technology
When disasters such as permeable, fire, blast, toxic and harmful be outstanding take place in the underground installations such as down-hole, mine, tunnel internal, subway, because powerful destructive power when sudden, the complexity of disaster and disaster outburst, cause very difficulty of personnel escape, cause a tremendous loss of lives in the short time easily.Effectively one of countermeasure is provided with some fixed refuges exactly in underground installation and civil defence engineering, enters for distress personnel and keeps away calamity in it, to reduce personnel's injures and deaths degree.
Up to now, fixed refuge is equipped with compression air feed, water supply, communication system substantially, and other device all also under study for action.The destructive power of considering the underground installation accident is big, cause of accident is complicated, can not satisfy the needs of present fixed refuge from one-sided consideration such as sealing, fire prevention.A kind of fixed refuge with double protection structure of excellent sealing performance, waterproof, fire-proof and explosion-proof, heat insulation, compression resistance impact property arises at the historic moment.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to provides a kind of emergency-sheltering facility for the distress personnel in underground installation, the civil defence engineering, the existing isolated toxic and harmful of this facility, waterproof, fire-proof and explosion-proof, compression resistance impacts, heat insulation function, again can suitable oxygen and other necessitys that earn a bare living of supply.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the present invention is achieved in that this invention is provided with the fixed refuge with double protection structure in the tunnel, and this refuge is made up of lifesaving boot section, tunnel, double protection district and safe refuge area.
Lifesaving boot section, tunnel is included in the sensor that the lifesaving guiding device, the refuge that are provided with in the tunnel close door alarm device and Environmental security checkout gear.
There is the two pass protecting wall in the double protection district, all is installed on protective door on the protecting wall, and the protective door of adorning on the first road protecting wall is a water door, and the protective door of adorning on the second road protecting wall is fire-proof and explosion-proof door, water door and fire-proof and explosion-proof door layout straggly.The sensor of being furnished with self-rescuer, air cleaning unit, Environmental security checkout gear in the double protection district.Protecting wall all is equipped with apparatus for ask for help through outward, and fire-proof and explosion-proof door is provided with watch window.
Safe refuge area is made up of air line interface, communication data line interface, medical oxygen apparatus of oxygen supply, carbon dioxide replacement system, submersible pump, condensation of gas device, Environmental security checkout gear, resting chair, Medical Treatment Room, phone, washroom, locker, reservoir, water dispenser, fire extinguisher, fire plug, video and voice monitoring system, ups power and air cleaning unit.
Be equipped with respectively also in the double protection district of this refuge and the safe refuge area that the double protection district manipulates manual and manual is manipulated in safe refuge area.
Adopt the beneficial effect of such scheme: adopt the double protection structure to improve sealing, waterproof, fire-proof and explosion-proof, heat insulation, the compression resistance impact property of refuge.With respect to single overcoat, air in this refuge double protection district plays good effect of heat insulation to refuge, the layout straggly of two pass protective door has reduced the diffusion of the toxic and harmful that produces with refuge's inner air convection in the tunnel, has reduced the compression shock of air-flow to fire-proof and explosion-proof door.This invention is convenient to come into operation, and can obviously improve the performance of combating a natural disaster of existing fixed refuge.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the vertical view schematic diagram of this invention;
Fig. 2 is the sectional side elevation schematic diagram of this invention;
Diagram indicates as follows:
1, tunnel lifesaving boot section 4, lifesaving guiding device
5, sensor 6, the warning lamp of Environmental security checkout gear
7, audible-visual annunciator 2, double protection district
8, sensor 9, the air cleaning unit of Environmental security checkout gear
10, the first road protecting wall 11, the second road protecting wall
12, apparatus for ask for help through 13, water door
14, fire-proof and explosion-proof door 15, self-rescuer
16, watch window 3, safe refuge area
17, submersible pump 18, reservoir
19, water dispenser 20, fire extinguisher
21, fire plug 22, resting chair
23, Medical Treatment Room 24, phone
25, washroom 26, locker
27, medical oxygen apparatus of oxygen supply 28, condensation of gas device
29, video and voice monitoring system 30, ups power
31, Environmental security checkout gear 32, air cleaning unit
33, carbon dioxide replacement system 34, air line interface
35, communication data line interface 36, blast fan
37, water-supply-pipe interface 38, tunnel
The specific embodiment
Shown in Fig. 1 and 2, present embodiment is the airtight Waiting space that relies on tunnel 38 and construct in tunnel 38, has an inlet at least, and inlet is provided with the double protection wall, and the wall in the refuge relies on the tunnel to construct blindage and forms.This refuge is made up of lifesaving boot section, tunnel 1, double protection district 2 and safe refuge area 3.The ground of lifesaving boot section, tunnel 1 is lower than the ground of double protection district 2 and safe refuge area 3, between difference in height become uniform gradient to distribute.Difference in height be set be in order to reduce the covered risk of refuge, and uniform gradient to distribute be in order to guarantee the personnel's of taking refuge turnover facility.
Lifesaving boot section, tunnel 1 is included in the sensor 5 that the lifesaving guiding device 4, the refuge that are provided with in the tunnel close door alarm device, Environmental security checkout gear.This refuge closes the door alarm device and comprises warning lamp 6 and audible-visual annunciator 7.
There is the two pass protecting wall in double protection district 2, all be installed on protective door on the protecting wall, the protective door of installing on the first road protecting wall 10 is a water door 13, the protective door of installing on the second road protecting wall 11 is fire-proof and explosion-proof door 14, two are articulated on separately the doorframe with hinge respectively, and doorframe embeds in the protecting wall and uses steel bar concrete reinforcement.Warning lamp 6 and audible-visual annunciator 7 are not all worked when water door 13 is open mode, and warning lamp 6 does not stop flicker when water door 13 cuts out, and audible-visual annunciator 7 sends emergency alarm sound.Protecting wall all is installed on apparatus for ask for help through 12 outward, and this apparatus for ask for help through sends the distress signal of opening the door in order to personnel in refuge when water door 13 and/or fire-proof and explosion-proof door 14 are closed.Water door 13 and fire-proof and explosion-proof door 14 layouts straggly, layout twice protective door straggly can reduce the convection current of air in the air and tunnel in this refuge when opening simultaneously for two, and layout twice protective door straggly can reduce the compression shock of fire-proof and explosion-proof door load when water door is destroyed.The sensor 8 of also being furnished with self-rescuer 15, air cleaning unit 9 and Environmental security checkout gear in the double protection district.Protecting wall, doorframe, door-plate have all carried out preservative treatment, and protecting wall has carried out waterproof, anticorrosion, heat insulation processing.Also be provided with watch window on the fire-proof and explosion-proof door 14.Water door 13 and fire-proof and explosion-proof door 14 are unidirectional opening the door, and can only outwards open.
Safe refuge area 3 is made up of air line interface 34, communication data line interface 35, medical oxygen apparatus of oxygen supply 27, carbon dioxide replacement system 33, condensation of gas device 28, Environmental security checkout gear 31, submersible pump 17, resting chair 22, Medical Treatment Room 23, phone 24, washroom 25, locker 26, reservoir 18, water dispenser 19, fire extinguisher 20, fire plug 21, video and voice monitoring system 29, ups power 30 and air cleaning unit 32.Environmental security checkout gear 31 reaches on the server of safe refuge area 3 after gathering tunnel 38, double protection district 2, safe refuge area 3 interior temperature, hydraulic pressure, the gas content data that sensor detected by the logging that self is equipped with, and on the display screen of Environmental security checkout gear 31, show, server is connected to the external world by network, realizes the access function of real-time online.Also be laid with aboveground water supply water-supply-pipe interface in this refuge, this water-supply-pipe is taken refuge in safety and is distinguished reservoir 18 water supply and two branch roads of fire plug 21 water supply, and reservoir 18 links to each other with water dispenser 19.Be equipped with respectively also in the double protection district 2 of this refuge and the safe refuge area 3 that the double protection district manipulates manual and manual is manipulated in safe refuge area.Be equipped with air line interface 34 in the double protection district of this refuge and the safe refuge area, circulate to guarantee normal air quantity.
Also be laid with blast pipe in the double protection district 2 of this refuge and the safe refuge area 3, blast pipe links to each other with blast fan 36.By the blast fan running air in double protection district 2 and the safe refuge area 3 is sent in the carbon dioxide replacement system 33, send into condensation of gas device 28 by the exhaust duct that links to each other with carbon dioxide replacement system 33 afterwards, drain in double protection district 2 and the safe refuge area 3 through after the condensation.This carbon dioxide replacement system 33 is in order to absorbing carbon dioxide and regeneration of oxygen.
The fixed refuge with double protection structure of present embodiment in the tunnel, being provided with, isolated toxic and harmful, waterproof, fire-proof and explosion-proof, compression resistance impacts, heat insulation function is good, significantly improve the performance of combating a natural disaster of existing fixed refuge, phone, video and voice monitoring system that this refuge is equipped with also play very big booster action to emergency relief.

Claims (8)

1. the fixed refuge of a double protection structure is characterized in that: be the airtight Waiting space that relies on the tunnel and construct in the tunnel, have an inlet at least, inlet is provided with the double protection wall, and the wall support tunnel refuge in is constructed blindage and formed.Described refuge is made up of lifesaving boot section, tunnel, double protection district and safe refuge area.Lifesaving boot section, tunnel is included in the sensor that the lifesaving guiding device, the refuge that are provided with in the tunnel close door alarm device and Environmental security checkout gear.There is the two pass protecting wall in the double protection district, and first road and the second road protecting wall all are installed on apparatus for ask for help through and protective door outward, and the protective door that the second road protecting wall is installed is provided with watch window.The sensor of being furnished with self-rescuer, air cleaning unit, Environmental security checkout gear in the double protection district.Safe refuge area is made up of air line interface, communication data line interface, medical oxygen apparatus of oxygen supply, carbon dioxide replacement system, condensation of gas device, Environmental security checkout gear, submersible pump, resting chair, Medical Treatment Room, phone, washroom, locker, reservoir, water dispenser, fire extinguisher, fire plug, video and voice monitoring system, ups power and air cleaning unit.Be equipped with respectively also in described double protection district and the safe refuge area that the double protection district manipulates manual and manual is manipulated in safe refuge area.
2. the fixed refuge of double protection structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that the protective door of installing on the described first road protecting wall is a water door.
3. the fixed refuge of double protection structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that the protective door of installing on the described second road protecting wall is fire-proof and explosion-proof door.
4. the fixed refuge of double protection structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that described twice protective door layout straggly.
5. the fixed refuge of double protection structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that described protecting wall, protective door have all carried out preservative treatment.
6. the fixed refuge of double protection structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that described protecting wall has also carried out waterproof, heat insulation processing.
7. the fixed refuge of double protection structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that described protective door is unidirectional opening the door, and can only outwards open.
8. the fixed refuge of double protection structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that the ground of lifesaving boot section, described tunnel is lower than the ground of double protection district and safe refuge area, between difference in height become uniform gradient to distribute.
CN2010101622687A 2010-04-14 2010-04-14 Fixed shelter with double-protection structure Pending CN102220878A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101622687A CN102220878A (en) 2010-04-14 2010-04-14 Fixed shelter with double-protection structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101622687A CN102220878A (en) 2010-04-14 2010-04-14 Fixed shelter with double-protection structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102220878A true CN102220878A (en) 2011-10-19

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CN (1) CN102220878A (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102562136A (en) * 2012-01-19 2012-07-11 山西科林矿山检测技术有限责任公司 Temperature regulation device with water as cold source for coal mine underground refuge chamber
CN102635400A (en) * 2012-05-04 2012-08-15 同济大学 Emergency escape refuge room for road tunnel
CN103349825A (en) * 2013-03-05 2013-10-16 苏州威琅智能系统集成有限公司 Hydrant
CN103452581A (en) * 2012-05-28 2013-12-18 长春金鹰智谷科技集团有限公司 Method for solving survival guarantees of underground persons in distress by utilizing special pipelines
CN104279002A (en) * 2013-07-05 2015-01-14 中国科学院上海高等研究院 Refuge chamber structure
CN104358586A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-02-18 中煤科工集团重庆研究院有限公司 Mining escape and rescue supply depot
US20160060951A1 (en) * 2014-08-28 2016-03-03 Chembio Shelter, Inc. Method and apparatus for providing refuge passageways
CN110284927A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-09-27 内蒙古科技大学 One kind adopting lower gob collapse autoamtic protection device for forming based on dew well connection
CN110805466A (en) * 2019-10-18 2020-02-18 龙德建设有限公司 Emergency accident processing system in tunnel
CN111206954A (en) * 2020-01-02 2020-05-29 贵州工程应用技术学院 Coal mine water-permeable self-rescue device

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CN2864096Y (en) * 2005-12-15 2007-01-31 郑晓亮 Mine used survival capsule
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CN101503964A (en) * 2008-06-20 2009-08-12 黄志燕 Isolation type refuge warehouse
CN201367916Y (en) * 2009-03-06 2009-12-23 西安新竹防灾救生设备有限公司 Underground portable refuge device

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CN2864096Y (en) * 2005-12-15 2007-01-31 郑晓亮 Mine used survival capsule
CN101503964A (en) * 2008-06-20 2009-08-12 黄志燕 Isolation type refuge warehouse
CN101368484A (en) * 2008-08-01 2009-02-18 哈尔滨工业大学 Double-gas path centralized oxygen supply life saving system of embedded type mine refuge underground chamber
CN201367916Y (en) * 2009-03-06 2009-12-23 西安新竹防灾救生设备有限公司 Underground portable refuge device

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102562136A (en) * 2012-01-19 2012-07-11 山西科林矿山检测技术有限责任公司 Temperature regulation device with water as cold source for coal mine underground refuge chamber
CN102635400A (en) * 2012-05-04 2012-08-15 同济大学 Emergency escape refuge room for road tunnel
CN103452581A (en) * 2012-05-28 2013-12-18 长春金鹰智谷科技集团有限公司 Method for solving survival guarantees of underground persons in distress by utilizing special pipelines
CN103349825A (en) * 2013-03-05 2013-10-16 苏州威琅智能系统集成有限公司 Hydrant
CN104279002A (en) * 2013-07-05 2015-01-14 中国科学院上海高等研究院 Refuge chamber structure
US20160060951A1 (en) * 2014-08-28 2016-03-03 Chembio Shelter, Inc. Method and apparatus for providing refuge passageways
CN104358586A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-02-18 中煤科工集团重庆研究院有限公司 Mining escape and rescue supply depot
CN110284927A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-09-27 内蒙古科技大学 One kind adopting lower gob collapse autoamtic protection device for forming based on dew well connection
CN110805466A (en) * 2019-10-18 2020-02-18 龙德建设有限公司 Emergency accident processing system in tunnel
CN111206954A (en) * 2020-01-02 2020-05-29 贵州工程应用技术学院 Coal mine water-permeable self-rescue device

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Application publication date: 20111019

C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)