CN102218723B - Buffering sleeve assembling and disassembling tool - Google Patents

Buffering sleeve assembling and disassembling tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102218723B
CN102218723B CN 201110078085 CN201110078085A CN102218723B CN 102218723 B CN102218723 B CN 102218723B CN 201110078085 CN201110078085 CN 201110078085 CN 201110078085 A CN201110078085 A CN 201110078085A CN 102218723 B CN102218723 B CN 102218723B
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China
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buffer sleeve
adjustment screw
axial
screw
radial adjustment
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CN 201110078085
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102218723A (en
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徐天亮
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南京梅山冶金发展有限公司
宝钢集团上海梅山有限公司
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Priority to CN 201110078085 priority Critical patent/CN102218723B/en
Publication of CN102218723A publication Critical patent/CN102218723A/en
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Publication of CN102218723B publication Critical patent/CN102218723B/en

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Abstract

本发明为一种缓冲套拆装工具。 The present invention is a buffer sleeve removal tools. 包括圆盘形主体、至少三个轴向固定装置、至少四个径向调整螺钉固定螺母、至少一个勾头扳手插入槽、至少两根定位销、至少四个径向调整螺钉、至少两个沟槽、至少两个锁紧螺钉、至少两个十字滑块、至少两个定位销调整螺钉。 It comprises a disc-shaped body, at least three axially fixing means, at least four radial adjustment screw fixing nut, at least one hook wrench insertion slot, the at least two positioning pins, at least four radial adjustment screws, at least two grooves slots, at least two locking screws, at least two cross slide, at least two positioning pins adjusting screws. 所述轴向固定装置包括轴向滑块、轴向调整螺栓和滚轮。 Said axial fixing means comprises an axial slide, and the roller axial adjustment bolt. 该缓冲套拆装工具结构简单精巧,解决了活塞与缓冲套间难于安装拆卸,装配精度不足的问题。 The buffer simple dismantling tool sets compact structure, and solve the problem of the piston assembly and disassembly buffer ensuite difficult, insufficient assembly precision.

Description

一种缓冲套拆装工具 One buffer sleeve removal tools

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种缓冲套拆装工具,尤其涉及一种油缸活塞缓冲套拆装工具。 [0001] The present invention relates to a buffer sleeve removal tools, more particularly to a cylinder piston buffer sleeve removal tools.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 油缸活塞安装在活塞杆上,用缓冲套紧固。 [0002] The cylinder piston is mounted on the piston rod, with a buffer sleeve is fastened. 缓冲套与活塞之间为螺纹连接。 Buffer sleeve and the threaded connection between the piston. 该缓冲套又具有并帽的作用。 The cap and buffer sleeve and having a role. 当油缸使用一段时间后,螺纹由于活塞杆和活塞之间的密封作用、螺纹之间的垃圾等原因造成螺纹拆卸和安装困难。 After a period of time the cylinder, the sealing action between the threaded rod and the piston, between spam and other causes threaded screw removal and installation difficulties. 目前在拆卸缓冲套时,多用两个销插入缓冲套端面的销孔,再用加力杆旋转拆卸或紧固油缸活塞,在施力时,容易发生打滑,拆卸和紧固的效果不好。 When removing the current buffer sleeve, the use of two pins inserted into the pin hole of the end face of the buffer sleeve, and then removing or securing the rotation urging rod cylinder piston, when the force, slippage easily occurs, and not detachable fastening effect. 如用錾子敲击,必然造成缓冲套的销孔变形,甚至发生缓冲套损坏或手锤伤到手的情况。 As with percussion chisel, will inevitably lead to deformation of the buffer sleeve pin holes, or even damage or buffer sleeve Mace case of hand injuries. 若缓冲套安装时紧固不到位,造成骑缝螺钉无法安装,在使用一段时间后活塞与活塞杆相互转动,造成行程变化和内泄漏。 If the buffer sleeve fastener installed in place, resulting in not straddle mounting screws, and mutual rotation of the piston rod in use for some time, resulting in changes in stroke and internal leakage. 传统拆装方法在实施过程中,还有可能造成定位销弯曲变形,使缓冲套根本无法与活塞分离,活塞报废。 In the conventional method of dismantling process embodiment, the positioning pin may also cause bending deformation, so that the buffer sleeve can not be separated from the piston, scrapped. 如采用固定的工具,因不同的油缸销钉的位置和公差不同,会造成工具与同一直径的活塞缓冲套难于精确匹配,难以满足实际生产要求。 The fixed tool cylinder varies different pin positions and tolerances, will cause the tool to the same diameter of the piston is difficult to accurately match the buffer sleeve, it is difficult to meet the actual production requirements. 使用传统工具和方法,传统拆装作业的安全性,安装质量、安装效率都难以得到保证。 Using traditional tools and methods, traditional dismantling job security, quality of installation, installation efficiency can be assured.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 针对以上技术问题,本发明提供了一种油缸活塞缓冲套拆装工具。 [0003] To solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides a piston cylinder buffer sleeve removal tools. 所述缓冲套拆装工具包括圆盘形主体、至少三个轴向固定装置、至少四个径向调整螺钉固定螺母、至少一个勾头扳手插入槽、至少两根定位销、至少四个径向调整螺钉、至少两个沟槽、至少两个锁紧螺钉、至少两个十字滑块、至少两个定位销调整螺钉。 The snubber comprises a removable disk-shaped tool body, at least three axially fixing means, at least four radial adjustment screw fixing nut, at least one hook wrench insertion slot, the at least two positioning pins, at least four radial adjusting screw, at least two grooves, at least two locking screws, at least two cross slide, at least two positioning pins adjusting screws. 所述轴向固定装置包括轴向滑块、轴向调整螺栓和滚轮。 Said axial fixing means comprises an axial slide, and the roller axial adjustment bolt.

[0004] 所述径向调整螺钉安装在缓冲套拆装工具外周的径向螺孔中,所述径向螺孔均布在缓冲套拆装工具外周。 [0004] The radial adjustment screw mounted in a radial threaded hole of the buffer sleeve removably in an outer periphery of the tool, said radial holes on the outer periphery of uniform buffer sleeve removal tools. 勾头扳手插入槽、沟槽开在所述缓冲套拆装工具正面。 Hook wrench insertion groove, said groove opening in the front of the buffer sleeve disassembly tool. 沟槽与沟槽之间沿主体圆心对称分布。 Along the body between the groove and the groove center symmetry. 十字滑块在沟槽内滑动,锁紧螺钉安装在沟槽边沿的螺孔中,定位销调整螺钉与十字滑块为螺纹连接,并且定位销调整螺钉尾端顶住定位销头部。 Oldham groove in the slide, the locking screw holes in the mounting groove of the rim, the positioning pin and the adjustment screw is threaded Oldham, positioning pins and the positioning pin against the trailing end of the adjustment screw head. 所述轴向固定装置中的轴向滑块与滚轮为活动连接,轴向调整螺栓尾部顶住轴向滑块。 The axially fixed means axially movably connected to the slide and the roller, the axial adjustment bolt tail against the axial slide.

[0005] 所述缓冲套拆装工具与缓冲套接触部分的内径分为80mm〜100mm、IOOmm〜150mm、150mm〜200mm三种规格,分别对应在此外径范围内的三种规格的缓冲套。 [0005] The inner diameter of the buffer sleeve disassembly tool and the contact portion of the buffer sleeve into 80mm~100mm, IOOmm~150mm, 150mm~200mm three sizes, corresponding to the addition of three sizes within the size range buffer sleeve.

[0006] 拆装活塞缓冲套时,用夹具夹住活塞。 [0006] Working buffer sleeve piston, piston clamping jig. 将该拆装工具主体贴在待拆装缓冲套上,旋动径向调整螺钉固定螺母,松开径向调整螺钉,使该拆装工具包住缓冲套。 The disassembly tool body to be detachably attached to the buffer sleeve, rotating radial adjustment screw fixing nut, the radial adjustment screw loosened, so that the buffer sleeve wrap tool disassembly. 旋紧径向调整螺钉固定螺母,拧紧径向调整螺钉,使径向调整螺钉与缓冲套的外圆相接触。 Radial adjustment screw tightening nuts, tightening radial adjustment screw, so that the radial adjustment screw in contact with the outer cushion sleeve. 在拧紧径向调整螺钉过程中,保持径向调整螺钉所构成的内径与缓冲套同轴,当测出径向调整螺钉伸出的长度一致,转动该拆装工具,使勾头扳手插入槽的划线位置对准销孔,完成初步定位,再用径向调整螺钉固定螺母锁紧即可。 Radial adjustment screw tightening process, maintaining the radial adjustment of the inner diameter of the buffer sleeve coaxially formed screw, when the same length as measured radially extending adjustment screw, rotation of the dismantling tool, so that the hook head wrench insertion slot scribing positioning pin holes, to complete the initial positioning and then fixing the radial adjustment screw lock nut.

[0007] 在沟槽内移动十字滑块,使十字滑块中心的螺孔对准销孔。 [0007] Oldham move in the groove, so that the center of the cross slide screw hole alignment pin. 十字滑块定位完成后,将定位销穿过十字滑块中心的螺孔,插入销孔。 After completion Oldham positioning, the positioning pin holes through the cross center of the slider, pin insertion hole. 再向十字滑块中心的螺孔中,旋入定位销调整螺钉。 Oldham again in the center of the screw, an adjusting screw screwed into the positioning pin. 所述定位销调整螺钉的尾部顶住定位销头部,将定位销锁定在待拆缓冲套的销孔内。 The positioning pin adjustment screw positioning the tail against the pin head, the positioning pin to be demolished cushion locking pin hole in the sleeve. 在沟槽边沿的螺孔中旋入锁紧螺钉,旋紧螺钉顶住十字滑块,固定住十字滑块的位置。 In the screw screwed into the rim groove locking screw, tighten the screws against the cross-slide, fixed position of the cross slider.

[0008] 装入轴向固定装置。 [0008] The securing means axially loaded. 将轴向滑块置于槽内,旋入轴向调整螺栓,旋入轴向调整螺栓顶住轴向滑块。 The axial slide in the groove, adjusting bolts screwed into axial, adjusting bolts screwed axially against the axial slide. 与轴向滑块相连的滚轮随滑块移动,直到滚轮顶住活塞的端面为止。 Roller and connected with the axial slide movement of the slider until the end surface of the piston up against the roller.

[0009] 至此,缓冲套拆装工具整体贴附在待拆装缓冲套之上,两者通过定位销相连,径向调整螺钉锁紧缓冲套,滚轮在活塞端面起辅助锁定作用。 [0009] At this point, the entire tool is detachably attached to the buffer sleeve to be detachably on the buffer sleeve, both connected by a positioning pin, the radial adjustment screw lock buffer sleeve, the roller of the piston end face of the secondary locking action.

[0010] 将勾头扳手的勾头插入该工具径向均布的勾头扳手插入槽中,扳动勾头扳手,旋动缓冲套拆装工具,紧固住的十字滑块也随拆装工具转动。 [0010] The hook head hook wrench head insertion tool radially equispaced hook wrench inserted into the slot, pulling the hook wrench, detachably buffer sleeve rotating tool, secured against disassembly Oldham also with tool rotation. 因缓冲套拆装工具与缓冲套之间,通过穿过十字滑块的定位销相连。 Because between the buffer sleeve and the buffer sleeve means removably connected to the slider by passing through a positioning cross pin. 缓冲套拆装工具旋动时施加在十字滑块上的扭力,通过十字滑块传导到定位销上,定位销在此扭力的影响下带动缓冲套转动,将缓冲套从活塞的螺纹中松脱,实施拆装作业。 When applied to the buffer sleeve disassembly tool rotating torque on the cross slide, the conductive pin to the positioning by the cross slide, under the influence of the positioning pin driven by the torsion buffer sleeve is rotated, the buffer is released from the threaded sleeve of the piston, implementation of disassembly operations.

[0011] 拆装作业完成后。 After the [0011] complete disassembly operations. 卸下勾头扳手。 Remove the hook wrench. 旋松定位销调整螺钉,将定位销和定位销调整螺钉一并带出。 Unscrewing the adjustment screw positioning pins, the positioning pin and positioning pin together with the adjusting screw. 旋松轴向调整螺栓,将轴向滑块和滚轮一并从槽内取出。 Loosen the adjusting screw axially, the axial slide slot and removed from the rollers together. 最后,拧动径向调整螺钉固定螺母,松开径向调整螺钉,将缓冲套拆卸工具与缓冲套分离。 Finally, the radial adjustment screw screwing the fixing nut, the radial adjustment screw loosened, the buffer sleeve and the buffer sleeve removal tool separation.

[0012] 作为本发明的一种改进形式。 [0012] As a modified form of the present invention. 所述活塞套拆装工具可以通过调整轴向固定装置中轴向滑块和滚轮的尺寸,根据活塞外径的不同制成不同规格,对于常见的IOOmm〜150mm、150mm〜200mm, 200mm〜250mm三种外径规格的活塞,所述活塞套拆装工具可以完美配合。 The piston sleeve can be adjusted axially removable tool fixture and axial slide roller size, made of different specifications according to different outer diameters of the piston, for the common IOOmm~150mm, 150mm~200mm, 200mm~250mm three outer diameters specifications piston sleeve means removably fit perfectly.

[0013] 作为本发明的另一种改进形式。 [0013] As another form of the present invention is an improvement. 所述活塞套拆装工具主体使用45号钢。 The piston sleeve 45 using the removable tool steel body. 钢材经调质或不经调质均可。 Quenched and tempered steel with or without quenching can be. 该材料价格便宜,易于加工成形。 This material is inexpensive, easy to forming process.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0014] 图1为缓冲套拆装工具正视图; [0014] FIG. 1 is a front view of a tool removably buffer sleeve;

[0015] 图2为缓冲套拆装工具侧视图; [0015] FIG. 2 is a side view of the buffer sleeve removal tools;

[0016] 图3为缓冲套拆装工具安装图; [0016] FIG. 3 is a buffer sleeve removably mounted tool of FIG;

[0017] 图4为沟槽和十字滑块细部放大图; [0017] FIG. 4 is an enlarged detail of the Oldham grooves and FIG;

[0018] 图中各元件的标记为: [0018] A reference numeral of each element is:

[0019] 13.轴向固定装置; [0019] 13. The axial fixing means;

[0020] 14.径向调整螺钉固定螺母; [0020] 14. The radial adjustment screw nut;

[0021] 15.勾头扳手插入槽; [0021] 15. A hook wrench insertion slot;

[0022] 16.轴向滑块; [0022] 16. The axial slide;

[0023] 17.定位销; [0023] 17. A positioning pin;

[0024] 18.轴向调整螺栓; [0024] 18. The axial adjustment bolt;

[0025] 19.滚轮; [0025] 19. The roller;

[0026] 21.径向调整螺钉; [0026] 21. The radial adjustment screw;

[0027] 31.沟槽; [0027] 31. trench;

[0028] 41.锁紧螺钉; [0028] 41. The locking screw;

[0029] 42.十字滑块; [0029] 42. Oldham;

[0030] 43.定位销调整螺钉;[0031] 101.缓冲套; [0030] 43. A positioning pin adjustment screw; [0031] 101. The buffer sleeve;

[0032] 103.活塞; [0032] 103. The piston;

[0033] 105.前缓冲; [0033] 105. The front bumper;

[0034] 107.活塞杆。 [0034] 107. rod.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0035] 为详细说明本发明的技术内容、结构特征、实现的技术目的和技术效果,以下结合附图和实施方式进行详细说明。 [0035] To illustrate the technical details of the present invention, the structural features, and achieve the technical effect of object technology, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the following embodiment will be described in detail.

[0036] 实施例1:一种缓冲套拆装工具。 [0036] Example 1: A buffer sleeve removal tools. 包括圆盘形主体11,三个轴向固定装置13,四个径向调整螺钉固定螺母14,四个径向调整螺钉21,两个勾头扳手插入槽15,两个沟槽31,六个锁紧螺钉41,两个十字滑块42,两个定位销调整螺钉43。 Comprises a disc-shaped body 11, three axial securing means 13, four radial adjustment screw nut 14, four radial adjustment screw 21, two hook head wrench into the groove 15, two grooves 31, six locking screw 41, two cross slide 42, two positioning pins 43 adjusting screws. 每个轴向固定装置13都包括一个轴向滑块16、一个轴向调整螺栓18、一个滚轮19。 Each axial securing means 13 comprises a slider 16 axially, axial adjustment of a bolt 18, a roller 19.

[0037] 径向调整螺钉21均布安装在所述拆装工具外周的径向螺孔中。 [0037] 21 uniform radial adjustment screw mounted in the screw hole radially outer periphery of the tool detachably. 勾头扳手插入槽 Hook wrench insertion slot

15、沟槽31开在所述缓冲套拆装工具正面。 15, the grooves 31 open in the front buffer sleeve detachably tool. 沟槽31与沟槽31之间沿主体11圆心对称分布。 Symmetrically distributed along the body 31 between the groove 31 and the center groove 11. 十字滑块42在涂有润滑脂的沟槽31内滑动。 Oldham 42 slides within a groove 31 is coated with grease. 锁紧螺钉41安装在沟槽31边沿的螺孔中。 Locking screw 41 is mounted in the screw hole in the edge of the groove 31. 定位销17穿过十字滑块42中央的螺孔置于销孔中。 The positioning pin 17 passes through the center of the cross slide 42 is placed a pin screw hole. 定位销调整螺钉43与十字滑块42为螺纹连接,并且定位销调整螺钉43尾端顶住定位销17头部。 The positioning pin 43 and the adjustment screw 42 is threaded Oldham, the adjustment screw 43 and the trailing end of the positioning pin against the positioning pins 17 of the head. 轴向固定装置13中的轴向滑块16与滚轮19为活动连接,轴向调整螺栓18尾部顶住轴向滑块16。 Means axially fixing roller 16 and the axial slide 19 is in active connection 13, axial adjustment screw 18 tail 16 against the axial slide.

[0038] 本实施例中,活塞套拆装工具的内径为80mm,定位销17规格为Φ6,径向调整螺钉21规格为M12,十字滑块42与沟槽31的配合间隙为±0.25mm,轴向滑块16与其所在滑槽的配合间隙为±0.25mm。 [0038] In this embodiment, the inner diameter of the piston sleeve removal tools 80mm, the positioning pin 17 is phi] 6 specifications, specifications for the radial adjustment screw 21 M12, Oldham grooves 31 and 42 with the gap of ± 0.25mm, and its axial slide with the gap where the chute 16 is ± 0.25mm. 活塞套拆装工具主体11由未经调质的45号钢制成。 Piston sleeve disassembly tool body 11 is made of non-tempered steel 45.

[0039] 拆装活塞缓冲套时。 [0039] Working buffer sleeve piston. 将该拆装工具主体11贴在待拆装缓冲套上,旋动径向调整螺钉固定螺母14,松开径向调整螺钉21,使该拆装工具包住缓冲套。 The disassembly tool body 11 to be detachable in the buffer sleeve, rotating radial adjustment screw nut 14, the radial adjustment screw 21 loosened, so that the buffer sleeve wrap tool disassembly. 旋紧径向调整螺钉固定螺母14,拧紧径向调整螺钉21,使径向调整螺钉21与缓冲套的外圆相接触。 Radial adjustment screw tightening nut 14, tightening the adjustment screw 21 radially, so that the radial adjustment screw 21 in contact with the outer cushion sleeve. 转动该拆装工具,使勾头扳手插入槽15的划线位置对准销孔,完成初步定位。 Rotating the dismantling tool, so that the hook head wrench into positioning pin holes scribe groove 15, to complete the initial positioning. 所述划线,是装卸作业前,在活塞缓冲套的销孔位置沿直径方向在活塞外径上做好的线形标记。 Said scribe line, is a front loading and unloading operations, in the buffer sleeve piston pin hole position in the diameter direction of the piston outer diameter do marker line. 在拧紧径向调整螺钉21过程中,保持径向调整螺钉21所构成的内径与缓冲套同轴,当测出径向调整螺钉21伸出的长度一致,再用径向调整螺钉固定螺母14锁紧即可。 21 radial adjustment screw tightening process, the inner diameter of the holding sleeve coaxial with the buffer consisting of radial adjustment screw 21, when the same length as measured radially extending adjustment screw 21, then the radial adjustment screw lock nut 14 tight.

[0040] 在沟槽内移动十字滑块42,使十字滑块42中心的螺孔对准销孔。 Screw alignment pin holes [0040] Oldham coupling 42 moves in the groove 42 so that the center of the cross slide. 十字滑块42定位完成后,将定位销17穿过十字滑块42中心的螺孔,插入销孔。 After completion of positioning Oldham 42, the positioning pin 17 passes through the center of the Oldham screw 42, the pin insertion hole. 再向十字滑块42中心的螺孔中,旋入定位销调整螺钉43。 Again the central holes 42 of the Oldham, the adjusting screw screwed into the positioning pin 43. 所述定位销调整螺钉43的尾部顶住定位销17头部,将定位销17锁定在待拆缓冲套的销孔内。 The positioning pin 43 of the adjustment screw against the tail of the positioning pin head 17, the positioning pin 17 in the locking sleeve to be demolished cushion pin hole. 在沟槽边沿的螺孔中旋入锁紧螺钉41,旋紧螺钉41顶住十字滑块42,固定住十字滑块42的位置。 In the screw screwed into the rim groove locking screw 41, screw 41 is tightened against the slipper 42, 42 fixed to the cross slide position.

[0041] 装入轴向固定装置13。 [0041] The fixing means 13 is loaded axially. 将轴向滑块16置于槽内,旋入轴向调整螺栓18,轴向调整螺栓顶住轴向滑块16。 The axial slide in the groove 16, axial adjustment screw 18 screwed into an axial adjusting screw 16 against the axial slide. 与轴向滑块16相连的滚轮19随轴向滑块16移动,直到滚轮19顶住活塞的端面为止,此时,滚轮19和活塞端面的间隙小于10_。 The slider 19 is moved axially with the wheel 16 connected to the axial direction of the slider 16 until the roller 19 up against the end face of the piston, in which case, the gap rollers 19 and the end face of the piston is less than 10_.

[0042] 至此,缓冲套拆装工具整体贴附在待拆装缓冲套之上,两者通过定位销17相连,径向调整螺钉21锁紧缓冲套,滚轮19在活塞端面起辅助锁定作用。 [0042] At this point, the entire tool is detachably attached to the buffer sleeve to be detachably on the buffer sleeve, both connected by a positioning pin 17, the radial adjustment of the locking screw 21 buffer sleeve, the roller 19 in the auxiliary piston end face of the locking action.

[0043] 将勾头扳手的勾头插入该工具径向均布的勾头扳手插入槽中,扳动勾头扳手,旋动缓冲套拆装工具,紧固住的十字滑块42也随拆装工具转动。 [0043] The hook head hook wrench head insertion tool radially equispaced hook wrench inserted into the slot, pulling the hook wrench, detachably buffer sleeve rotating tool, secured against Oldham removed with 42 application tool rotation. 因缓冲套拆装工具与缓冲套之间,通过穿过十字滑块42的定位销17相连,缓冲套拆装工具旋动时施加在十字滑块42上的扭力,通过十字滑块42传导到定位销17上。 Because between the buffer sleeve and the buffer sleeve removal tools, passing through a positioning pin 42 connected to the cross slide 17, the cross slide 42 on the torque applied to the rotating of the tool is detachably buffer sleeve, by conducting the Oldham 42 positioning pins 17. 定位销17在此扭力的影响下带动缓冲套转动,将缓冲套从活塞的螺纹中松脱,完成拆装作业。 The positioning pin 17 to drive under the influence of the torsion of the buffer sleeve is rotated, the buffer is released from the threaded sleeve piston, complete disassembly operations.

[0044] 拆装作业完成后。 After the [0044] complete disassembly operations. 卸下勾头扳手。 Remove the hook wrench. 旋松定位销调整螺钉43,将定位销17和定位销调整螺钉43 —并带出。 Unscrewing the adjustment screw positioning pin 43, the positioning pins 17 and the positioning pin adjustment screw 43 - and out. 旋松轴向调整螺栓18,将轴向滑块16和滚轮19 一并从槽内取出。 Loosen the axial adjusting screw 18, the axial slide 16 and roller 19 removed from the vessel together. 最后,拧动径向调整螺钉固定螺母14,松开径向调整螺钉21,将缓冲套拆卸工具与缓冲套分离。 Finally, the radial adjustment screw screwing the fixing nut 14, the radial adjustment screw 21 loosened, the buffer sleeve and the buffer sleeve removal tool separation.

[0045] 本实施例适用于拆装活塞外径为IOOmm至150mm的缓冲套。 [0045] The present embodiment is adapted to removably piston to 150mm outer diameter of the buffer sleeve IOOmm.

[0046] 实施例2:在实施例1基础上,做出进一步的技术改进。 [0046] Example 2: In Example 1 based on the embodiment, to make further improvements in the art. 缓冲套拆装工具包括圆盘形主体11,四个轴向固定装置13,六个径向调整螺钉固定螺母14,六个径向调整螺钉21,四个勾头扳手插入槽15,四个沟槽31,十六个锁紧螺钉41,四个十字滑块42,四个定位销调整螺钉43。 Snubber dismantling tool comprises a disc-shaped body 11, four axial securing means 13, six radial adjustment screw fixing nut 14, six radial adjustment screw 21, four hook head wrench into the grooves 15, four grooves the groove 31, the locking screw 41 is sixteen, four cross slide 42, four positioning pin adjustment screw 43. 径向调整螺钉21仍安装在主体11外周均布的螺孔中。 Radial adjustment screw 21 is still mounted in the outer periphery of the body 11 uniformly distributed threaded holes. 沟槽31沿主体11中心十字对称。 The central body 11 along the grooves 31 symmetrical cross. 缓冲套拆装工具主体11内径为120mm,定位销17规格为Φ 8,径向调整螺钉21规格为M14。 Buffer sleeve disassembly tool body 11 is an inner diameter of 120mm, the positioning pin 17 specifications for Φ 8, specifications for the radial adjustment screw 21 M14.

[0047] 当销孔不在等分圆上时,调整十字滑块42在沟槽31中的位置,对准销孔,即可完成定位。 [0047] When the pin hole is not equally divided circle, the slide 42 to adjust the position in the cross grooves 31, the alignment pin holes, to complete the positioning. 无论是因销孔本身位置不规则,还是因缓冲套加工、装配中产生的公差,都可以通过调整十字滑块42位置保证定位销17可以准确地插入销孔 Whether due to irregular position of the pin hole itself, or due to processing buffer sleeve, assembly tolerances generated, can be adjusted by the cross slide 42 ensure the positioning pin 17 positions can be accurately inserted into the pin hole

[0048] 本实施例适用于拆装活塞外径为150mm至200mm的缓冲套。 [0048] The present embodiment is adapted to removably 150mm to 200mm outer diameter of the piston of the buffer sleeve.

[0049] 实施例3:在实施例2基础上,做出进一步的技术改进。 [0049] Example 3: 2 based on the embodiment, to make further improvements in the art. 所述缓冲套拆装工具主体11内径为150mm,定位销17规格为Φ 10mm,径向调整螺钉21规格为M14。 The tool body 11 is detachably buffer sleeve inner diameter 150mm, specifications for positioning pins 17 Φ 10mm, specifications for the radial adjustment screw 21 M14. 本实施例适用于拆装活塞外径为200mm至250mm的缓冲套。 This embodiment is applicable to the outer diameter of the piston disassembly of 200mm to 250mm buffer sleeve. 通过更换十字滑块42上定位销17的直径,可以解决缓冲套上销孔经扩孔后造成销孔尺寸不同的问题 42 by changing the diameter of the cross slide on the positioning pin 17, the rear cushion can solve different reaming sleeve pin holes caused by the pin hole problems

[0050] 以上所述,仅是本发明的较佳实施例而已,并非是对本发明保护范围的限定,只要是采用本发明的技术方案,或者仅仅是通过本领域的普通技术人员都能做出的任何常规修改或等同变化,都落入本发明所要求保护的范围之中。 [0050] The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention only, not limiting the scope of the present invention, as long as the technical solution of the present invention, or only by one of ordinary skill in the art can be made or any conventional equivalent modifications variations, fall within the claimed scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1.一种缓冲套拆装工具,其特征在于:包括圆盘形主体(11)、至少三个轴向固定装置(13)、至少四个径向调整螺钉固定螺母(14)、至少一个勾头扳手插入槽(15)、至少两根定位销(17)、至少四个径向调整螺钉(21 )、至少两个沟槽(31 )、至少两个锁紧螺钉(41 )、至少两个十字滑块(42)、至少两个定位销调整螺钉(43),所述轴向固定装置(13)包括轴向滑块(16)、轴向调整螺栓(18)、滚轮(19),径向调整螺钉(21)安装在所述拆装工具外周的径向螺孔中,勾头扳手插入槽(15)、沟槽(31)开在所述缓冲套拆装工具正面,十字滑块(42)在沟槽(31)内滑动,锁紧螺钉(41)安装在沟槽(31)边沿的螺孔中,定位销(17)穿过十字滑块(42)中央的螺孔置于销孔中,定位销调整螺钉(43)顶住定位销(17)头部,所述轴向固定装置(13)中的轴向滑块(16)与滚轮(19)为活动连接,轴向调整螺栓(18)尾部顶住轴向滑块(16)。 A buffer sleeve disassembly tool comprising: a disc-shaped body (11), at least three axial securing means (13), at least four radial adjustment screw fixing nut (14), at least one hook wrench insertion slot (15), at least two positioning pins (17), at least four radial adjustment screw (21), at least two grooves (31), at least two locking screws (41), at least two Oldham (42), at least two positioning pins adjustment screw (43), said axial securing means (13) comprises an axial slide (16), axial adjustment screw (18), rollers (19), the diameter the adjusting screw (21) mounted on the radially outer periphery of the screw disassembly tool, the hook head wrench insertion slot (15), a groove (31) opening in front of the buffer sleeve disassembly tool, a cross slide ( 42) within the trench (31) sliding, locking screw (41) mounted in the screw hole edge trench (31), the positioning pin (17) through the Oldham coupling (42) centrally disposed pin holes hole, the positioning pin adjustment screw (43) against the positioning pin (17) head portion, said axial slide axially fixed means (16) (13) and the roller (19) movably connected, axial adjustment bolts (18) axially against the slider tail (16).
2.如权利要求1所述的缓冲套拆装工具,其特征在于:径向调整螺钉固定螺母(14)、径向调整螺钉(21)均布在主体(11)的外周上,沟槽(31)沿主体(11)圆心对称分布,轴向固定装置(13)均布在主体(11)的外周,滚轮(19)贴在活塞端面上。 2. The buffer sleeve detachably tool according to claim 1, characterized in that: the radial adjustment screw fixing nut (14), the radial adjustment screw (21) uniformly distributed in the body (11) on the outer circumference, a groove ( 31) along the body (11) symmetrical distribution center, an outer periphery of an axial securing means (13) uniformly distributed in the body (11) of the roller (19) attached to the end surface of the piston.
3.如权利要求1或2所述的缓冲套拆装工具,其特征在于:所述缓冲套拆装工具与缓冲套接触部分的内径分为80mm〜100mm、IOOmm〜150mm、150mm〜200mm三种规格,对应的定位销(17)直径为Φ6或Φ8或Φ10,径向调整螺钉(21)规格为M12或M14,十字滑块(42)与沟槽(31)的配合间隙为±0.25mm,轴向滑块(16)与其所在滑槽的配合间隙为±0.25mm,沟槽(31)内涂有润滑脂,滚轮(19)与活塞端面的间隙小于10mm。 IOOmm~150mm inner diameter of the buffer sleeve and the buffer sleeve dismantling tool into the contact portion 80mm~100mm,, 150mm~200mm three types: buffer sleeve as claimed disassembly tool according to claim 12, characterized in that specifications, the corresponding positioning pin (17) having a diameter of ø10 or Φ6 or Φ8, radial adjustment screw (21) or M12 size is M14, a cross slide (42) and the groove (31) with the gap of ± 0.25mm, with the gap axial slide (16) is located with its chute is ± 0.25mm, grease is applied within the trench (31), the roller (19) and the end surface of the piston gap is smaller than 10mm.
4.如权利要求3所述的缓冲套拆装工具,其特征在于:所述缓冲套拆装工具主体(11)材质为45号钢。 4. The buffer sleeve detachably tool according to claim 3, wherein: said buffer sleeve disassembly tool body (11) made of steel 45.
CN 201110078085 2011-03-30 2011-03-30 Buffering sleeve assembling and disassembling tool CN102218723B (en)

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US6412462B1 (en) 2000-01-18 2002-07-02 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Cam phaser apparatus having a stator integral with a back plate or a front cover plate

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US6817095B2 (en) * 2002-06-11 2004-11-16 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Method for assembling a vane-type cam phaser
JP4379730B2 (en) * 2005-03-11 2009-12-09 アイシン精機株式会社 The valve timing control apparatus

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DE29815481U1 (en) 1998-08-28 1998-12-17 Ssw Schmack Spezialwerkzeuge G Setting device for shock absorbers
US6412462B1 (en) 2000-01-18 2002-07-02 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Cam phaser apparatus having a stator integral with a back plate or a front cover plate

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