CN102218520A - Light-alloy die-casting, filling, forging and compacting integrated forming device and forming method - Google Patents

Light-alloy die-casting, filling, forging and compacting integrated forming device and forming method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102218520A
CN102218520A CN2011101385991A CN201110138599A CN102218520A CN 102218520 A CN102218520 A CN 102218520A CN 2011101385991 A CN2011101385991 A CN 2011101385991A CN 201110138599 A CN201110138599 A CN 201110138599A CN 102218520 A CN102218520 A CN 102218520A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
injection
forging
punch
light
plate
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CN2011101385991A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102218520B (en
Inventor
姜巨福
王迎
程远胜
杜之明
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哈尔滨工业大学
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Priority to CN 201110138599 priority Critical patent/CN102218520B/en
Publication of CN102218520A publication Critical patent/CN102218520A/en
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Publication of CN102218520B publication Critical patent/CN102218520B/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a forming device and a forming method, particularly relating to a light-alloy die-casting, filling, forging and compacting integrated forming device and a forming method. The invention aims at solving the problem that the existing device for die-casting forming and forging forming can not form the parts that comply with the standard, and have complex shapes and high mechanics performance requirements. The forming device comprises the following components that are sequentially connected with: a movable die bottom plate, a movable die cushion plate, a movable die plate, a middle plate and a fixed die plate; a concave die is embedded in the middle plate; a convex die is inserted in the movable die plate; the working end surface of the convex die and the working end surface of the concave die form a die cavity; the forging component sequentially passes through the movable die bottom plate and the movable die cushion plate and is connected with the rear end of the convex die. The forming method comprises the following steps of melting the light-alloy casting-state billets into a liquid state and injecting the liquid-state light-alloy billets into the die cavity; and forging the parts filling the die cavity by adopting the forging component. The forming device and the forming method are used for forming the light-alloy parts with complex shapes and high mechanics performance requirements.

Description

Closely knit integral forming device and manufacturing process are forged in a kind of light-alloy die casting filling
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of building mortion and manufacturing process, be specifically related to a kind of light-alloy die casting filling and forge closely knit integral forming device and manufacturing process.
Background technology
The lighting of product is actually the low density characteristics of utilizing aluminium alloy, magnesium alloy and substitutes traditional material, and at present, aluminium alloy, magnesium alloy mainly adopt the method manufacturing of cast form or forging and molding.Casting forming is to promote liquid metal by piston to flow and finish the impression filling, though casting forming can be realized the accurate control of product shape, is difficult to control for the performance of product, and produces defectives such as pore, shrinkage cavity, shrinkage porosite through regular meeting; Forging and molding is to realize the impression filling by the solid metallic plastic deformation, though forging and molding is easy to control the performance of product, the shape of product is very restricted.The parts complex-shaped for some and mechanical property requirements is high, these parts though casting forming can be shaped easily, mechanical property is difficult to reach; Though forging and molding can satisfy the requirement of mechanical property, these parts that are difficult to be shaped, so casting forming and forging and molding standard compliant this type of part that all is difficult to be shaped.
Summary of the invention
The problem of the present invention's standard compliant complex-shaped and part that mechanical property requirements is high for the device that solves existing casting forming and forging and molding and manufacturing process are difficult to be shaped, and then propose a kind of light-alloy die casting filling and forge closely knit integral forming device and manufacturing process.
The present invention addresses the above problem the technical scheme of taking to be: the present invention includes moving clamping plate, the dynamic model backing plate, moving platen, intermediate plate, solid plate, forge assembly, ejection assembly, the injection assembly, die and punch, described moving clamping plate, the dynamic model backing plate, moving platen, intermediate plate, solid plate connects from left to right successively, described die is inlaid in the intermediate plate, described punch is inserted in the moving platen, and punch can move along the inwall straight line of moving platen, leave between boss on the described punch lateral surface and the boss on the moving platen inwall and forge the gap, form mold cavity between the working end end face of described punch and the working end end face of die, described injection assembly is fixedlyed connected with solid plate outside end face, and the injection assembly is communicated with the plug hole of die end, described forging assembly passes moving clamping plate successively, the dynamic model backing plate is connected with the end of punch, described ejection assembly is inserted into and forges in the assembly, and ejection assembly passes punch, and described ejection assembly can move along the inwall straight line of punch.
The step that closely knit integral forming method is forged in a kind of light-alloy die casting filling of the present invention is as follows:
Step 1, light-alloy as cast condition blank is fused into liquid state, fusion temperature is controlled at 660 ℃-730 ℃;
Step 2, will melt good liquid alloy and pour in the injection tube, and the liquid light-alloy injection that utilizes injection push rod and injection punch head will pour in the injection tube goes in the mold cavity, injection speed is controlled at 2m/s-7m/s;
Step 3, utilization forging cylinder promotion forging the pole pair part of filling mold cavity forge, and forging speed is controlled at 0.02m/s-0.05m/s;
After step 4, forging finished, liftout tank promoted push rod the part of forming is released mold cavity.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention's energy shaping form complexity and the high part of mechanical property requirements, the microstructure of formation of parts of the present invention is evenly fine and close, and crystallite dimension is tiny, the present invention is simple in structure, easy to operate, reduce the manufacturing cost of part, and reduced energy consumption.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
The specific embodiment one: as shown in Figure 1, the described a kind of light-alloy die casting filling of present embodiment is forged closely knit integral forming device and is comprised moving clamping plate 1, dynamic model backing plate 2, moving platen 3, intermediate plate 4, solid plate 5, forge assembly 6, ejection assembly 7, injection assembly 8, die 12 and punch 13, described moving clamping plate 1, dynamic model backing plate 2, moving platen 3, intermediate plate 4, solid plate 5 connects from left to right successively, described die 12 is inlaid in the intermediate plate 4, described punch 13 is inserted in the moving platen 3, and punch 13 can move along the inwall straight line of moving platen 3, leave the forging gap L between boss on described punch 13 lateral surfaces and the boss on moving platen 3 inwalls, form mold cavity between the working end end face of described punch 13 and the working end end face of die 12, described injection assembly 8 is fixedlyed connected with solid plate 5 outside end faces, and injection assembly 8 is communicated with the plug hole of die 12 ends, described forging assembly 6 passes moving clamping plate 1 successively, dynamic model backing plate 2 is connected with the end of punch 13, described ejection assembly 7 is inserted into and forges in the assembly 6, and ejection assembly 7 passes punch 13, and described ejection assembly 7 can move along the inwall straight line of punch 13.Liquid light alloy material enters in the mold cavity by injection assembly 8 in the present embodiment, this moment, the part in the mold cavity was in mushy stage or curdled appearance just, forge 13 pairs of parts of assembly 6 promotion punch and carry out closely knit forging, last whole device begins the somatotype pickup, during somatotype, at first coagulate the material removal at A-A die joint somatotype and with running gate system, B-B master's die joint somatotype exposes part then, at last, ejection assembly 7 ejects the assembly of forming.
The specific embodiment two: as shown in Figure 1, the forging assembly 6 that closely knit integral forming device is forged in the described a kind of light-alloy die casting filling of present embodiment comprises that forging bar 6-1 is connected with forging cylinder 6-2 with an end that forges the described forging bar of cylinder 6-2 6-1, the other end of described forging bar 6-1 is connected with punch 13, and described forging cylinder 6-2 can promote to forge bar 6-1 and move along the inwall straight line of dynamic model backing plate 2.Other composition and annexation are identical with the specific embodiment one.
The specific embodiment three: as shown in Figure 1, the ejection assembly 7 that closely knit integral forming device is forged in the described a kind of light-alloy die casting filling of present embodiment comprises push rod 7-1 and liftout tank 7-2, the end of described push rod 7-1 is connected with liftout tank 7-2, the other end of described push rod 7-1 passes punch 13, and described liftout tank 7-2 can promote push rod 7-1 and move along the inwall straight line of punch 13.Other composition and annexation are identical with the specific embodiment one.
The specific embodiment four: as shown in Figure 1, the injection assembly 8 that closely knit integral forming device is forged in the described a kind of light-alloy die casting filling of present embodiment comprises injection push rod 8-1, injection punch head 8-2 and injection tube 8-3, described injection punch head 8-2 is fixedlyed connected with injection push rod 8-1, described injection punch head 8-2 and injection push rod 8-1 all are inserted in the injection tube 8-3, and injection push rod 8-1 can promote injection punch head 8-2 and move along the inwall straight line of injection tube 8-3, and described injection tube 8-3 is communicated with the plug hole of die 12 ends.Other composition and annexation are identical with the specific embodiment one.
The specific embodiment five: as shown in Figure 1, the described a kind of light-alloy die casting filling of present embodiment is forged closely knit integral forming device and is also comprised first guide pin bushing 9, second guide pin bushing 10 and guide pillar 11, described first guide pin bushing 9 is inserted in the moving platen 3, described second guide pin bushing 10 is inserted in the intermediate plate 4, described first guide pin bushing 9 is communicated with the inner chamber of second guide pin bushing 10, described guide pillar 11 passes solid plate 5 and is inserted into successively in second guide pin bushing 10, first guide pin bushing 9, and guide pillar 11 can move along the inner chamber straight line of first guide pin bushing 9 and second guide pin bushing 10.Other composition and annexation are identical with the specific embodiment one, two, three or four.
The specific embodiment six: as shown in Figure 1, the forging gap L that closely knit integral forming device is forged in the described a kind of light-alloy die casting filling of present embodiment is controlled at 1mm-5mm.Other composition and annexation are identical with the specific embodiment one.
The specific embodiment seven: as shown in Figure 1, a kind of step of the method for utilizing the specific embodiment one described building mortion shaping light alloy casting is as follows:
Step 1, light-alloy as cast condition blank is fused into liquid state, fusion temperature is controlled at 660 ℃-730 ℃;
Step 2, will melt good liquid alloy and pour in the injection tube 8-3, and the liquid light-alloy injection that utilizes injection push rod 8-1 and injection punch head 8-2 will pour in the injection tube 8-3 goes in the mold cavity, injection speed is controlled at 2m/s-7m/s;
Step 3, utilize to forge cylinder 6-2 and promote to forge bar 6-1 the part of filling mold cavity is forged, forging speed is controlled at 0.02m/s-0.05m/s;
After step 4, forging finished, liftout tank 7-2 promoted push rod 7-1 the part of forming is released mold cavity.

Claims (7)

1. closely knit integral forming device is forged in a light-alloy die casting filling, it is characterized in that: described a kind of light-alloy die casting filling is forged closely knit integral forming device and is comprised moving clamping plate (1), dynamic model backing plate (2), moving platen (3), intermediate plate (4), solid plate (5), forge assembly (6), ejection assembly (7), injection assembly (8), die (12) and punch (13), described moving clamping plate (1), dynamic model backing plate (2), moving platen (3), intermediate plate (4), solid plate (5) connects from left to right successively, described die (12) is inlaid in the intermediate plate (4), described punch (13) is inserted in the moving platen (3), and punch (13) can move along the inwall straight line of moving platen (3), leave between the boss on boss on described punch (13) lateral surface and moving platen (3) inwall and forge gap (L), form mold cavity between the working end end face of the working end end face of described punch (13) and die (12), described injection assembly (8) is fixedlyed connected with solid plate (5) outside end face, and injection assembly (8) is communicated with the plug hole of die (12) end, described forging assembly (6) passes moving clamping plate (1) successively, dynamic model backing plate (2) is connected with the end of punch (13), described ejection assembly (7) is inserted into and forges in the assembly (6), and ejection assembly (7) passes punch (13), and described ejection assembly (7) can move along the inwall straight line of punch (13).
2. closely knit integral forming device is forged in described a kind of light-alloy die casting filling according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described forging assembly (6) comprises that forging bar (6-1) is connected with forging cylinder (6-2) with an end that forges cylinder (6-2) described forging bar (6-1), the other end of described forging bar (6-1) is connected with punch (13), and described forging cylinder (6-2) can promote to forge bar (6-1) and move along the inwall straight line of dynamic model backing plate (2).
3. closely knit integral forming device is forged in described a kind of light-alloy die casting filling according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described ejection assembly (7) comprises push rod (7-1) and liftout tank (7-2), one end of described push rod (7-1) is connected with liftout tank (7-2), the other end of described push rod (7-1) passes punch (13), and described liftout tank (7-2) can promote push rod (7-1) and move along the inwall straight line of punch (13).
4. closely knit integral forming device is forged in described a kind of light-alloy die casting filling according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described injection assembly (8) comprises injection push rod (8-1), injection punch head (8-2) and injection tube (8-3), described injection punch head (8-2) is fixedlyed connected with injection push rod (8-1), described injection punch head (8-2) and injection push rod (8-1) all are inserted in the injection tube (8-3), and injection push rod (8-1) can promote injection punch head (8-2) and move along the inwall straight line of injection tube (8-3), and the terminal plug hole of described injection tube (8-3) and die (12) is communicated with.
5. according to claim 1,2, closely knit integral forming device is forged in 3 or 4 described a kind of light-alloy die casting fillings, it is characterized in that: described a kind of light-alloy die casting filling is forged closely knit integral forming device and is also comprised first guide pin bushing (9), second guide pin bushing (10) and guide pillar (11), described first guide pin bushing (9) is inserted in the moving platen (3), described second guide pin bushing (10) is inserted in the intermediate plate (4), described first guide pin bushing (9) is communicated with the inner chamber of second guide pin bushing (10), described guide pillar (11) passes solid plate (5) and is inserted into second guide pin bushing (10) successively, in first guide pin bushing (9), and guide pillar (11) can move along the inner chamber straight line of first guide pin bushing (9) and second guide pin bushing (10).
6. closely knit integral forming device is forged in described a kind of light-alloy die casting filling according to claim 1, and it is characterized in that: described forging gap (L) is controlled at 1mm-5mm.
7. method of utilizing the described building mortion shaping of claim 1 light alloy casting, it is characterized in that: the step of this method is as follows:
Step 1, light-alloy as cast condition blank is fused into liquid state, fusion temperature is controlled at 660 ℃-730 ℃;
Step 2, will melt good liquid alloy and pour in the injection tube (8-3), and utilize injection push rod (8-1) and injection punch head (8-2) will pour into the interior liquid light-alloy injection of injection tube (8-3) and go in the mold cavity, injection speed is controlled at 2m/s-7m/s;
Step 3, utilize to forge cylinder (6-2) and promote to forge bar (6-1) part of filling mold cavity is forged, forging speed is controlled at 0.02m/s-0.05m/s;
After step 4, forging finished, liftout tank (7-2) promoted push rod (7-1) part of forming is released mold cavity.
CN 201110138599 2011-05-26 2011-05-26 Light-alloy die-casting, filling, forging and compacting integrated forming device CN102218520B (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103418771A (en) * 2012-05-16 2013-12-04 华硕电脑股份有限公司 Casting and forging method of metal piece, and casting and forging apparatus
CN103624233A (en) * 2012-08-27 2014-03-12 本田技研工业株式会社 Method and apparatus for press casting
CN104550824A (en) * 2015-01-19 2015-04-29 张卫红 Rheology and thixotropy integrated casting and forming machine
CN105149584A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-16 宋佳 Powder injection molding mold and using method thereof
CN105817603A (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-08-03 安徽纯启动力机械有限公司 Shrinkage-prevention die casting die
CN105903923A (en) * 2016-07-06 2016-08-31 舒城鑫敏兴模具加工有限公司 Die-casting device with pressing-forging function, and casting process thereof
CN106141136A (en) * 2016-07-06 2016-11-23 安徽中鑫模具产业发展有限公司 Casting forging all-in-one

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JPS5930463A (en) * 1982-08-11 1984-02-18 Toshiba Corp Production device with die casting
WO2001026849A1 (en) * 1999-10-14 2001-04-19 Yugen Kaisha Esumorudo Die casting method, die-cast article, and die casting machine
CN201249347Y (en) * 2008-09-09 2009-06-03 李远发 Metal fluid die-casting forging horizontal double-control forming machine
CN201768835U (en) * 2010-08-18 2011-03-23 宁波向阳坦科斯特电子有限公司 U-shaped iron flanging sizing die
CN102069560A (en) * 2009-11-25 2011-05-25 牟维军 Demolding mechanism employing silicon rubber threaded core

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5930463A (en) * 1982-08-11 1984-02-18 Toshiba Corp Production device with die casting
WO2001026849A1 (en) * 1999-10-14 2001-04-19 Yugen Kaisha Esumorudo Die casting method, die-cast article, and die casting machine
CN201249347Y (en) * 2008-09-09 2009-06-03 李远发 Metal fluid die-casting forging horizontal double-control forming machine
CN102069560A (en) * 2009-11-25 2011-05-25 牟维军 Demolding mechanism employing silicon rubber threaded core
CN201768835U (en) * 2010-08-18 2011-03-23 宁波向阳坦科斯特电子有限公司 U-shaped iron flanging sizing die

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103418771A (en) * 2012-05-16 2013-12-04 华硕电脑股份有限公司 Casting and forging method of metal piece, and casting and forging apparatus
CN103624233A (en) * 2012-08-27 2014-03-12 本田技研工业株式会社 Method and apparatus for press casting
CN103624233B (en) * 2012-08-27 2015-10-28 本田技研工业株式会社 Pressure casting apparatus and pressure casting processes
CN104550824A (en) * 2015-01-19 2015-04-29 张卫红 Rheology and thixotropy integrated casting and forming machine
CN105149584A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-16 宋佳 Powder injection molding mold and using method thereof
CN105149584B (en) * 2015-09-25 2017-08-25 东莞市逸昊金属材料科技有限公司 A kind of powder injecting molding die and its application method
CN105817603A (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-08-03 安徽纯启动力机械有限公司 Shrinkage-prevention die casting die
CN105903923A (en) * 2016-07-06 2016-08-31 舒城鑫敏兴模具加工有限公司 Die-casting device with pressing-forging function, and casting process thereof
CN106141136A (en) * 2016-07-06 2016-11-23 安徽中鑫模具产业发展有限公司 Casting forging all-in-one

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Application publication date: 20111019

Assignee: JIANGSU SUMEIDA WHEEL CO., LTD.

Assignor: Harbin Institute of Technology

Contract record no.: 2015230000031

Denomination of invention: Light-alloy die-casting, filling, forging and compacting integrated forming device and forming method

Granted publication date: 20130424

License type: Exclusive License

Record date: 20150407