New! View global litigation for patent families

CN102213638A - Closed-cycle wind tunnel system with inner and outer cavities - Google Patents

Closed-cycle wind tunnel system with inner and outer cavities Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102213638A
CN102213638A CN 201010142621 CN201010142621A CN102213638A CN 102213638 A CN102213638 A CN 102213638A CN 201010142621 CN201010142621 CN 201010142621 CN 201010142621 A CN201010142621 A CN 201010142621A CN 102213638 A CN102213638 A CN 102213638A
Authority
CN
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
system
cavity
closed
inner
outer
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201010142621
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102213638B (en )
Inventor
王仲年
Original Assignee
上海创润风能科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to a closed-cycle wind tunnel system with inner and outer cavities, which comprises a closed airflow cyclic system and a power system, wherein the closed airflow cyclic system comprises an inner cavity and an outer cavity encircling the inner cavity; both ends of the outer cavity are communicated with the inner cavity; and the power system is used for providing power, so that air is circulated in the closed airflow cyclic system.

Description

具有内外腔的闭式循环的风洞系统 The inner and outer chambers having a closed cycle system in tunnel

[0001] 在提交本发明申请的同时,申请人还提交了与本发明申请相对应的实用新型申请。 [0001] at the time of filing the present invention, Applicant also filed the application for utility model application corresponding to the present invention.

技术领域 FIELD

[0002] 本发明涉及用于运动娱乐的风洞,尤其涉及具有内外腔的闭式循环的风洞系统。 [0002] The present invention relates to a wind tunnel for sports and entertainment, and in particular relates to a tunnel system having inner and outer chambers closed cycle. 背景技术 Background technique

[0003] 风洞是能人工产生和控制气流的实验设备,用于空气动力学方面的研发。 [0003] tunnel is able to produce artificial laboratory equipment and controlling the air flow for aerodynamic research. 垂直风洞可以产生垂直向上的气流,主要用于航空器研发、跳伞模拟训练。 Vertical wind tunnel can be generated vertically upward air flow, mainly for aircraft development, simulation training parachute. 上世纪九十年代以来, 随着极限运动的兴起,跳伞模拟训练开始演化成一种新型的体育娱乐运动:利用垂直风洞产生的竖直方向的气流平衡人体重力达到飞翔的目的,实现人体空中自由飞行,利用现代高科技给普通大众带来空中极限运动的体验。 Since the 1990s, with the rise of extreme sports, skydiving simulation training began to evolve into a new type of sports entertainment sport: the use of a vertical wind tunnel direction perpendicular to the air flow generated by the body Ping Heng of gravity to achieve the purpose of flying, aerial realization of human freedom flight, the use of modern technology to bring the general public to experience the air of extreme sports. 用于体育娱乐的垂直风洞,因此又称为娱乐风洞。 Vertical wind tunnel for sports and entertainment, so-called entertainment wind tunnel. 进入二十一世纪,这项体育娱乐运动在全世界范围内迅速兴起,投资建设的娱乐风洞项目也迅速增加。 The twenty-first century, the rapid rise of sports entertainment sport all over the world, investment in the construction of entertainment wind tunnel project is also increasing rapidly.

[0004] 传统的风洞采用气流大回合循环的方式来实现。 [0004] Traditional wind tunnel air flow by way of a large round loop to achieve. 在考察了相关娱乐风洞制造商的产品或工程后,我们发现现有的娱乐风洞普遍存在问题:投资成本高,基本上超过数千万元;施工周期长,基本上需要12个月以上。 After investigating the relevant wind tunnel manufacturer of entertainment product or project, we found that the existing entertainment wind tunnel widespread problem: the high cost of investment, basically more than tens of millions; long construction period, basically takes 12 months or more . 因此,开发新型的、经济的、安装迅速的娱乐风洞成为市场的需求。 Therefore, the development of new, economical, fast installation of the wind tunnel has become entertainment needs of the market.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 针对上述现有技术中存在的问题,本发明的一个目的是提供一种总占地面积较小的风洞系统。 [0005] In view of the above prior art problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a total area smaller wind tunnel system.

[0006] 本发明的另一个目的是提供一种具有新型动力系统的风洞系统。 [0006] Another object of the present invention is to provide a system having a new power wind tunnel system.

[0007] 本发明的再一个目的是提供一种能够快速安装的风洞系统。 [0007] A further object of the present invention is to provide a wind tunnel system capable of quick installation.

[0008] 本发明的再一个目的是提供一种具有多个飞行舱的风洞系统。 [0008] A further object of the present invention is to provide a system having a plurality of wind tunnel flight chamber.

[0009] 为实现本发明的目的,依照本发明的一个方面,提供了一种闭式循环的风洞系统, 包括:闭式气流循环系统,它包括内腔和包围内腔的外腔,其中外腔在其两端与内腔相连通;动力系统,用于提供动力,使气体在闭式气流循环系统中循环。 [0009] To achieve the object of the present invention, in accordance with one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a system for closed loop tunnel, comprising: a closed air circulation system, which comprises an outer chamber surrounding the inner chamber and the lumen, wherein an outer chamber communicating with the lumen at both ends thereof; a power system for providing power, the gas stream circulating in a closed loop system.

[0010] 上述闭式循环的风洞系统可以是垂直风洞系统,内腔为气流上升流动区,外腔为气流下降流动区。 [0010] The closed loop system may be a vertical wind tunnel wind tunnel system, air rising flow area of ​​a lumen, the outer chamber flow area for the gas stream drops.

[0011] 上述闭式循环的风洞系统,其动力系统可以包括多个动力子系统,每个动力子系统可以根据动力需要被设置在外腔内的不同位置。 [0011] The tunnel closed cycle system, which may include a plurality of power system power subsystems, each subsystem may need to be powered in different positions of the outer chamber set according to the power.

[0012] 上述闭式循环的风洞系统,其动力子系统中的至少一个可以被设置在外腔的中部,并且动力子系统中的至少一个可以被设置在外腔的一端。 [0012] The closed loop system of the wind tunnel, at least one of the outer chamber may be provided in the middle of its power subsystem, and at least one end of the outer chamber may be provided a power subsystem.

[0013] 上述闭式循环的风洞系统,其内腔可以包括至少一个收缩整流段和至少一个飞行舱。 [0013] The tunnel closed cycle system, which comprises at least one lumen may shrink rectifying section and at least one flight chamber. [0014] 上述闭式循环的风洞系统,其外腔可以设置有进气门或进气窗,用于通过增压方式增加气流循环系统内的气体密度。 [0014] The tunnel closed cycle system, the gas density of the outer chamber may be provided within the air circulation system has an intake or inlet window for increasing the supercharging mode.

[0015] 上述闭式循环的风洞系统,在其一端可以设有第一回风装置,引导内腔的气流转入外腔,并且在其另一端可以设有第二回风装置,引导外腔的气流转入内腔。 [0015] The closed loop system of the wind tunnel, at one end thereof may be provided with a first return air, direct the airflow into the lumen of the outer chamber, and at its other end may be provided with a second return air apparatus, an outer guide the air flow into the lumen of the cavity.

[0016] 上述闭式循环的风洞系统,其内腔可以由横截面为圆形或多边形的内腔壁限定, 且其外腔可以由内腔壁和横截面为圆形或多边形的外腔壁限定。 [0016] The tunnel closed cycle system, which may consist of a lumen is circular or polygonal cross-section of the cavity wall defined by the inner and outer cavity walls and the cavity may be circular or polygonal cross-section outer chamber defining wall.

[0017] 上述闭式循环的风洞系统,其外腔的截面面积与内腔的截面面积之比较佳地大于2。 [0017] The closed cycle wind tunnel system, the sectional area of ​​the lumen of the outer cavity ratio is preferably greater than 2.

[0018] 上述闭式循环的风洞系统,其闭式气流循环系统可以包括:主体结构,该主体结构可以是筒状的框架结构,由多根短杆拼接而成,或者由至少一根长杆和多根短杆拼接而成。 [0018] The tunnel closed cycle system, which can be closed air circulation system comprising: a main structure, the structure may be cylindrical body frame structure, a plurality of short bars are spliced ​​together, or at least a long and a plurality of short rods splicing rods. 其中,筒状的框架结构的内侧可以用于覆盖内腔壁,且外侧可以用于覆盖外腔壁。 Wherein the inner frame structure may be used to cover the cylindrical inner cavity wall, and can be used to cover the outside of the outer chamber wall.

[0019] 上述闭式循环的风洞系统,其主体结构可以包括沿该主体结构的横截面的周边重复、或者沿该主体结构的纵向重复的多个单元结构。 [0019] The tunnel closed cycle system, which may include a body structure along Zhou Bian the cross section of the main structure of the repeat, or a plurality of unit structures repeated in the longitudinal direction of the body structure.

[0020] 上述闭式循环的风洞系统,其中每个单元结构可以是横截面为梯形、扇环、矩形、 六边形或其它多边形的柱体结构。 [0020] The tunnel closed cycle system, wherein each unit structure may be a trapezoid cross section, the ring sector, rectangular, hexagonal or other polygonal pillar structure.

[0021] 上述闭式循环的风洞系统,其中每个单元结构可以是由12根短杆拼接而成的横截面为梯形的垂直柱体。 [0021] The tunnel closed cycle system, wherein each unit structure may be spliced ​​together by the studs 12 trapezoidal cross section vertical column.

[0022] 上述闭式循环的风洞系统,还可以包括:气密通道,其连通内腔壁和外腔壁,供人从风洞系统外进入内腔中的飞行舱;气密门,设置在气密通道与外腔壁和内腔壁的连接处。 [0022] The tunnel closed cycle system, further comprising: a gas-tight passage, which communicates the cavity wall and an outer chamber wall, for human flight chamber into the inner chamber from the outer tunnel system; airtight doors, provided in connection with the outer chamber wall and the gas-tight passage of the lumen wall.

[0023] 上述闭式循环的风洞系统,其中气密通道可以被固定在单元结构内。 [0023] The tunnel closed cycle system, which can be fixed to the pressurizing passage within the cell structure.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0024] 图1为依照本发明一实施例的闭式气流循环系统的正视示意图; [0024] FIG. 1 is a front schematic view of the closed loop gas flow system according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0025] 图2为依照本发明实施例的闭式气流循环系统的俯视示意图; [0025] FIG. 2 is a closed gas flow in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention is a schematic top view of the circulatory system;

[0026] 图3为依照本发明一实施例的动力子系统的安置示意图; [0026] FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a power disposed in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, the subsystem;

[0027] 图4为依照本发明一实施例的用于构造闭式气流循环系统的基本构件、组合构件、单元结构和主体结构的示意图; [0027] FIG. 4 is a combination member, and a schematic view of the main structure of the cell structure member configured for substantially closed air circulation system according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0028] 图5为依照本发明一实施例的具有多重飞行舱的风洞的结构示意图;以及 [0028] FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the wind tunnel having a flight chamber is a multiple of the embodiment of the present invention; and

[0029] 图6为依照本发明一实施例的内外腔气密通道的结构示意图。 [0029] FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the inner and outer chambers according to an embodiment of the pressurizing passage of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0030] 下面结合附图对本发明所提供的娱乐风洞的具体实施作进一步的说明。 [0030] DRAWINGS Specific embodiments of the present invention, the wind tunnel entertainment provided further explanation. 在所有附图中,用相同或相似的标号表示相同或相似的部件。 In the drawings, the same or similar parts are designated by same or similar reference numerals.

[0031] 图1为依照本发明一实施例的闭式气流循环系统的正视示意图。 [0031] FIG. 1 is a schematic front view of the circulation system in accordance with a closed gas stream embodiment of the present invention. 在该实施例中, 本发明的风洞的闭式气流循环系统包括紧密相连的内腔1与外腔2,其中外腔2包围内腔1 并在其两端与外腔相连通,形成一个闭式的气流可循环流动的结构。 In this embodiment, the wind tunnel of the gas flow closed circulation system of the present invention comprises an inner cavity closely connected with the outer chamber 1 2, wherein the outer chamber surrounding the inner chamber 1 and 2 at both ends thereof communicating with the outer chamber, forming a can be closed air circulation structure. 在动力系统的气流推动下,本系统的内腔1为相对地面的气体上升流动区,其外腔2为相对地面的气体下降流动区。 Under a stream driven power system, the lumen of the system 1 is increased relative to the ground gas flow zone, an outer chamber 2 is lowered relative to the ground of the gas flow zone. 气流沿内腔1向上经过系统的上回风段装置4流向外腔2,再沿外腔2向下经过系统的下回风段装置5重新进入内腔1,从而形成气流的闭式循环流动。 1 along the gas flow direction through the lumen of the return air system apparatus 4 to the outer chamber section 2, and then downwardly along the outer chamber 2 through the return airways section 5 re-enter the lumen system 1, thereby forming a closed cycle gas stream flows . [0032] 图2示出了依照本发明实施例的闭式气流循环系统的俯视示意图。 [0032] FIG 2 illustrates an embodiment of a closed gas stream in accordance with the present invention, a schematic top view of the circulatory system. 在本发明一实施例中,内、外腔的结构是由一组嵌套同心圆结构的内、外腔壁限定的:如图2所示,内圆是内腔壁,其内部为内腔1 ;外圆是外腔壁,内圆与外圆之间的部分为外腔2。 In an embodiment of the present invention, the inner structure, the outer chamber is made of a set of nested concentric configuration, the outer chamber wall defined: As shown, the inner circle is the lumen wall 2, the interior of the lumen 1; outside the outer chamber wall is between the inner circle and the outer portion of the outer chamber 2. 在本发明的另一实施例中,内、外腔壁采用了多边形结构。 Embodiment, the inner and outer cavity wall using a polygonal structure In another embodiment of the present invention. 当然,本领域技术人员应该理解,在本发明中, 风洞内、外腔壁的横截面可以采用各种形状,例如附图2中的圆形、多边形,并且可以采用同心结构或非同心结构,或者采用相同形状的组合或不同形状的组合,例如圆形内腔壁与多边形外腔壁的组合。 Of course, those skilled in the art will appreciate, in the present invention, the wind tunnel, the cross section of the outer chamber wall can take various shapes, such as circular in Figure 2, a polygon, and concentric or non-concentric configurations may be employed , or a combination or combinations of the same shape, different shapes, for example, a combination of circular and polygonal cavity wall of the outer chamber wall. 本发明在这一方面不受限制。 The present invention is not limited in this regard. 在较佳实施中,内、外腔壁可以采用同心圆结构,也可以采用同心正多边形,如正8、10、12边形,这样在选材与安装上可以大大降低成本费用,也可以为模块化设计提供基本条件。 In the preferred embodiment, the inner and outer concentric cavity wall structure may be employed, may be concentric regular polygon, such as 8,10,12 regular polygon, so that in the selection and installation costs can be greatly reduced, or may be modules design provides the basic conditions. 此外,根据空气动力学的计算,外腔的横截面面积与内腔的横截面面积之比较佳地大于2。 Further, according to the calculated aerodynamic cross-sectional area of ​​the cross-sectional area of ​​the lumen of the external cavity ratio is preferably greater than 2. 与传统的风洞大回合循环的方式截然不同,本发明的风洞结构非常紧凑,能够有效地节省风洞的占地面积,为娱乐风洞的商业推广带来极大的好处。 Large wind tunnel with the traditional way round cycle of distinct, wind tunnel structure of the invention is very compact, it can effectively save an area of ​​the wind tunnel, bring great benefits for business promotion and entertainment wind tunnel.

[0033] 风洞的动力装置在风洞系统的地位非常重要,直接关系到风洞的建设造价、运行效率以及运行维护成本。 [0033] the status of the power plant in the wind tunnel wind tunnel system is very important, directly related to the wind tunnel construction cost, operating efficiency and operation and maintenance costs. 传统的风洞大多采用单一的大功率电机,功率基本上大于1000KW, 建安造价高,营运成本大,商业运转比较困难,这也是制约娱乐风洞市场推广的主要原因之一。 Most of the traditional wind tunnel using a single high-power motors, power substantially greater than 1000KW, high installation cost, high operating costs, business operations more difficult, and this is one of the main constraints wind tunnel entertainment marketing. 本发明的风洞采用多个动力子系统,即将风洞所需的动力总功率分解为多个小功率的动力子系统。 Tunnel the present invention employs a plurality of power subsystems, the total power of the power required for the upcoming tunnel subsystem is decomposed into a plurality of small power power. 在本发明一实施例中,动力子系统是包括动力模块的一体式、模块化动力子系统,可以由电机和航空推进器构成。 In an embodiment of the present invention, the power module includes a power subsystem is integrated, modular power subsystems may be constituted by a motor and aviation propulsion. 在一实施例中,采用多个70至120KW的高效电机,配以高效航空推进器,组成多个一体式的模块化动力子系统3。 In one embodiment, a plurality of motor 70 to 120KW efficient, coupled with efficient aviation propulsion, consisting of a plurality of unitary modular power subsystem 3. 这些动力子系统3的外形几何尺寸可以控制在2*2*2米之内。 The outline geometry of the power subsystem 3 may be controlled within 2 * 2 * 2 meters. 如图3所示,可以根据风洞内腔的风速要求,也可以根据功率与功能的需求确定所需动力子系统3的数量,并可将这些动力子系统3设置在本发明的风洞外腔2内的任何位置,例如可以安置在外腔2的中部或底部。 3, may be required according to the wind tunnel lumen, power may be according to the demand function determines the number of required power subsystem 3, subsystem 3 can be provided at these power outside the wind tunnel of the present invention anywhere within the chamber 2, for example, middle or bottom disposed external cavity 2. 较佳地,本发明的动力系统可以包括6-12个分散在外腔内的动力子系统。 Preferably, the power system of the present invention may comprise an outer chamber 6 to 12 dispersed power subsystem. 若将动力子系统3设置在本发明的风洞外腔的中部,动力推进气流的方向垂直朝下;若将动力子系统3设置在本发明的风洞外腔的底部,动力推进气流的方向平行地面并导向内腔。 If the power subsystem 3 is provided outside the chamber in the direction of the wind tunnel of the present invention, the central, vertical downward airflow propulsion; direction if the power subsystem 3 is provided at the bottom of the outer chamber of the wind tunnel of the present invention, the airflow propulsion parallel with the ground and a guide lumen. 这种风洞的动力系统设计灵活自由,可以完全解决由于噪音或结构支撑等因素给风洞设计带来的问题:现有风洞的电机系统大多采用一个大功率电机,并安置在风洞的顶部,而大功率电机的重量大多超过几吨甚至几十吨, 这对风洞的支撑结构要求比较高,本发明将大功率的电机分解为多个小功率的电机,使得风洞的整体结构分布均勻稳定;同时,本发明的动力子系统完全处于风洞的外腔2内,风洞气流运动产生的噪音完全被阻隔在内腔1与外腔2的循环空间中,使得风洞外部的环境噪音大大降低,这与欧美一些开放式的娱乐风洞相比环境友好程度要高许多。 This wind tunnel power system design flexibility and freedom, can completely solve the problem due to noise or structural support and other factors brought to the wind tunnel design: the existing wind tunnel motor systems they use a high-power motor, and placed in a wind tunnel top, most of the weight of the motor power exceeds several tons or even tens of tons, which requires the support structure of the wind tunnel is relatively high, the power of the motor of the present invention into a plurality of small-power motor, such that the overall configuration of the wind tunnel stable distribution; same time, the power subsystem of the present invention is well within the tunnel of the outer chamber 2, the noise generated by wind tunnel air movement completely block the lumen space of the outer chamber 1 and cycle 2 so that the external wind tunnel environmental noise is greatly reduced, which compared with some European and American open-entertainment wind tunnel environment friendliness is much higher. 在一实施例中, 我们制造了总功率达900KW的风洞,采用10组90KW的动力子系统放置在外腔的底部,内腔直径约4米。 In one embodiment, we make the total power of 900KW wind tunnel using 90KW power subsystem group 10 is placed at the bottom of the outer chamber, a lumen diameter of about 4 m.

[0034] 在本发明一实施例中,可以采用类似晶体结构的主体结构,以实现独特的风洞结构。 [0034] In an embodiment of the present invention may be employed similar to the crystal structure of the main structure, to achieve a unique tunnel structure. 类似晶体结构的主体结构在整体上呈现为筒状的框架结构,其中包括多个类似晶体单元的单元结构。 The main structure is similar to the crystal structure presenting a cylindrical shape on the whole frame structure, which comprises a plurality of unit structures similar to the crystal unit. 较佳地,单元结构可以沿筒状主体结构横截面的周边重复,或者可以沿筒状主体结构的纵向重复。 Preferably, the unit structure may be repeated along the circumference of the cylindrical body cross-section of the structure, or may be repeated in the longitudinal direction of the tubular body structure. 晶体单元结构可以呈现为各种结构,例如柱体结构、四面体结构等等。 Crystal cell structure may present various structures, e.g. pillar structure, tetrahedral structure like. 此外,在采用柱体单元结构的实施例中,每个单元结构可以具有各种横截面形状,例如梯形、扇环、矩形、六边形或其它多边形等。 Further, in embodiments employing pillar cell structure, each cell structure may have various cross-sectional shapes such as trapezoidal, sector ring, rectangular, hexagonal or other polygonal shape. [0035] 在本发明一实施例中,类似晶体结构的主体结构可以由多个基本构件组合而成, 例如可以由多根短杆拼接而成,或者可以由适当数量的长杆和短杆拼接而成。 [0035] In an embodiment of the present invention, the main structure similar to the crystal structure may be formed by a plurality of base members in combination, for example, can be spliced ​​together by a plurality of studs, or may be spliced ​​by the appropriate number of stem and a short rod made. 在拼接过程中,可以将基本构件直接拼接成主体结构的框架;或者,可以先将基本构件组合成单元结构,然后采用类似搭积木的方式将多个单元结构拼接成主体结构。 During splicing may be spliced ​​directly into the basic frame member of the body structure; or first base member may be combined into a unit structure, and then a similar manner as the building blocks of a plurality of unit structures spliced ​​into the main structure.

[0036] 图4为依照本发明一实施例的用于构造闭式气流循环结构的基本构件10、组合构件12、单元结构14和主体结构16的示意图。 [0036] 4 10, 12, in accordance with the basic schematic diagram of a closed air circulation means for constructing a configuration of an embodiment of the present invention is a combination of the unit structure 14 and the body member 16 of the structure. 在如图4所示的实施例中,采用短杆作为基本构件10。 In the embodiment illustrated in Figure 4, with a short lever 10 as a base member. 在本发明一实施例中,可以采用基本构件10直接拼接成主体结构16。 In an embodiment of the present invention, using the basic member 10 may be directly spliced ​​to the body structure 16. 例如,采用三根短杆10拼接成组合构件12,继续进行拼接可以形成单元结构14。 For example, using three studs 10 spliced ​​into a combined member 12, splice 14 may be formed to continue cell structure. 然后,可以沿主体结构横截面的周边以及沿主体结构的纵向,在单元结构14的基础上用短杆10外延地进行拼接,得到包括多个单元结构14的主体结构16。 Then, Zhou Bian the body structure can be moved along the longitudinal and cross-sectional structure of the body, the base unit structure 14 is spliced ​​with the short bar 10 epitaxially afford comprising a plurality of unit structures 16 of the body structure 14. 在本发明另一实施例中,可以先用基本构件10拼接成单元结构14,然后采用类似搭积木的方式将多个单独形成的单元结构14拼接成主体结构16。 In another embodiment of the present invention, can first member 10 substantially into a mosaic structure unit 14, and then the building blocks manner similar cell structure formed of a plurality of individual splice 14 into body structure 16. 例如,采用三根短杆10拼接成组合构件12,继续对组合构件12进行拼接可以形成单元结构14。 For example, using three studs 10 spliced ​​into a combined member 12, continues to be a combination member 12 may be formed stitching unit 14 structure. 重复这一过程可以得到多个单元结构14,然后可以沿主体结构横截面的周边以及沿主体结构的纵向,采用类似搭积木的方式对已经独立形成的多个单元结构14 加以堆叠以形成主体结构16。 This process can be repeated a plurality of unit structures 14, then the main structure along Zhou Bian of the cross section and the longitudinal direction of the body structure, similar to building-block approach has a plurality of unit structures are stacked to be formed independently of the body 14 to form the structure 16. 对基本构件10、组合构件12、单元结构14的拼接可以采用焊接、螺母固定等等各种方式。 The basic member 10, the combination member 12, the splicing unit 14 may be welded structure, like a nut secured in various manners. 基本构件10 (在本实施例中是短杆)可以由金属或FRP等材料制成。 Base member 10 (in the present embodiment is a short rod) may be made of metal or FRP materials. 如图4所示,组合构件12可以由三根短杆10构成,每个单元结构14由4个组合构件12(即12根短杆)组成。 4, the member 12 may be composed of a combination of three studs 10, 14 of each unit structure 12 (i.e., short bar 12) member composed of a combination of four. 在本发明一实施例中,组合构件12的竖直短杆垂直于另两个水平短杆,并且单元结构14是横截面为梯形的垂直柱体结构。 In an embodiment of the present invention, a combination of a short vertical shaft member 12 is perpendicular to the other two short horizontal bars, and the unit structure 14 is a cross-sectional trapezoidal vertical column structure. 在本发明的另一实施例中,单元结构14可以是横截面为扇环的柱体结构,由8根直短杆和4根弧形短杆形成。 In another embodiment of the present invention, the structure unit 14 may be a cross-section of the ring sector pillar structure, formed by a short straight rods 8 and four short curved rods. 对这样的单元结构进行拼接,可以得到圆筒状的主体结构。 Such a configuration of the splicing unit can be obtained cylindrical body structure. 在本发明的较佳实施例中,每个组合构件的几何尺寸长宽高可以控制在2米以内。 In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the combination of the geometry of each member length and breadth can be controlled within 2 meters.

[0037] 在本发明的另一实施例中,主体结构16可以由长杆和短杆的组合构成。 [0037] In another embodiment of the present invention, the body structure 16 may be constituted by a combination of short and long rod rod. 例如,采用多根长杆形成如图4所示的主体结构16的竖直长边,然后用短杆形成该主体结构16的短边,从而拼接成主体结构16。 For example, the mast is formed using a plurality of vertically elongated body structure shown in FIG. 16 side, and with a short lever 16 form short sides of the body structure, the body structure 16 to thereby splice.

[0038] 在本发明一实施例中,风洞中除了主体结构以外的其他部件均可嵌入到单元结构14中,如动力子系统3、上回风段装置4、下回风段装置5等都可以通过预制埋件或螺栓紧固到单元结构14上。 [0038] In an embodiment of the present invention, in addition to the other components of the wind tunnel of the body structure can be embedded into the cell structure 14, such as the power subsystem 3, the upper section of the return air device 4, the return airways like segment 5 It can be fastened by bolts or preform embedded member 14 to the cell structure. 在本发明一实施例中,在主体结构16的内侧,覆以表面材料如玻璃、 PC板或其他板材,形成风洞的内腔壁,从而限定内腔1 ;类似地,主体结构16的外侧覆以表面材料如玻璃、PC板或其他板材,形成风洞的外腔壁,主体结构的内外侧之间就成为风洞的外腔2。 In an embodiment of the present invention, the inner body structure 16, the surface covered with materials such as glass, PC board or other sheet material, formed in the cavity wall of the wind tunnel, so as to define a lumen; similarly, the outer side 16 of the body structure an outer cavity wall surface covered with materials such as glass, PC board or other sheet material to form a wind tunnel, between the inside and outside of the main structure of the wind tunnel becomes the outer chamber 2.

[0039] 本发明的单元化主体结构设计,可将整个系统分解成许多基本构件,这样的设计利于批量制造和快速安装,这也是本发明的重要的价值所在。 [0039] The structural design of the main unit of the present invention, the entire system can be decomposed into a number of basic components, this design facilitates quick installation and batch manufacturing, which is the important value of the invention lies.

[0040] 本发明的风洞的内腔部分可以根据风洞设计需求,设置收缩整流段、飞行舱(即, 运动娱乐段)等工作段,也可以重复设置多个工作段,例如本系统可以提供两个或两个以上的飞行舱。 [0040] lumen portion of the tunnel according to the present invention may wind tunnel design requirements, the rectifying section contraction is provided, the flight chamber (i.e., sports and entertainment segments) etc. section, the work may be repeated a plurality of segments, the system can e.g. providing two or more of the flight deck. 收缩整流段是指该部分的内腔1的由下往上向内收缩,在最小收缩处连接整流装置。 Refers to a contraction of the rectifying section of the lumen of the portion 1 up contracts inwardly rectifying means connected at the minimum constriction. 如附图5,在一实施例中,我们在风洞的内腔中由下往上(相对地面)设置下收缩整流段61、下飞行舱71、上收缩整流段62、上飞行舱72等四个区域。 As Figure 5, in one embodiment, we up in the lumen of shrinkage in the wind tunnel by the lower (relative to the ground) rectifying section 61, the flight deck 71, on contraction rectifying section 62, the flight chamber 72 and the like four regions. 在上压缩整流段区域61和下收缩整流段区域62中,内腔壁各自按一定比例向上收缩。 The compression section 61 and the collapsed region rectifier rectifying section in region 62, each of the inner lumen wall by a certain percentage shrinkage direction. 较佳地,收缩导风段的始末横截面的直径比例大于约1. 2,具体的收缩比例可以根据内腔的风速要求运用空气动力学方法求得。 Preferably, the air guide shrinkage whole story segment cross-section diameter ratio of greater than about 1.2, the specific shrinkage ratio may be determined according to the method of use of the aerodynamic wind speed requirements lumen. 内腔的收缩整流段最好要保持流线形以减少气流高速通过产生湍流现象。 Shrinkage rectifying section to keep the lumen preferably streamlined to reduce the turbulence generated by the high speed airflow. 整流装置可以采用常规的蜂窝式的整流板,整流板的厚度宜为约60-150厘米,材质可以选用金属或FRP隔栅。 Rectifying means may be a conventional cellular rectifying plate, the plate preferably has a thickness of about 60-150 rectifying cm, made of metal or FRP grille can be selected. 上下飞行舱的横截面的直径比例较佳地小于0.8。 Diameter ratio of the vertical cross section of the flight chamber is preferably less than 0.8. 当然,若动力系统充分,可以设计具有三个或以上的飞行舱的风洞体系。 Of course, if the full power system, wind tunnel system can be designed to have three or more flight deck. 由于本发明的风洞在同一的动力系统的供应下,可提供二个或以上的飞行舱,为商业运营提供更大的利润空间。 Because of the wind tunnel of the invention in the power supply system of the same, can provide two or more of the flight deck, providing greater profit margins for commercial operations.

[0041] 在一实施例中,本发明在风洞外腔部分设置了进气门或窗,通过增压方式使得本系统内的气体密度增加。 [0041] In one embodiment, the present invention in a wind tunnel are provided outside the cavity portion of the intake valve or the window, such that by way of pressurized gas density within the system increases.

[0042] 在一实施例中,本发明的风洞还设置了气密通道8,人可以通过气密通道穿过外腔2进入内腔1内的飞行舱。 [0042] In one embodiment, the wind tunnel of the present invention is also provided an airtight passage 8, one can within the flight chamber 2 into the lumen through the airtight chamber 1 through the outer passage. 如附图6所示,气密通道8连接外腔壁与内腔壁,通道的宽度约在60-100厘米之间,高度约在180-200厘米之间。 As shown in FIG. 6, the channel 8 is connected to the outer airtight chamber wall and the inner cavity wall, the width of the channel is between about 60-100 cm and a height of between about 180-200 cm. 气密通道8在外腔壁与内腔壁的连接处各设置气密门,关上这两扇气密门,整个通道为密闭空间。 Pressurizing passage 8 at the outer chamber wall and inner chamber wall connected to each of the airtight door is provided, which two closed airtight doors, a closed space for the entire channel. 为了减少气密通道8对外腔高速气流的阻力,可以将气密通道8的上下两段设计为圆弧形,使得整个气密通道呈胶囊状,并嵌入在风洞的外腔2内。 In order to reduce the resistance of the pressurizing passage 8 high velocity gas stream outside the chamber, an airtight upper and lower two passages 8 may be designed as a circular arc, so that the entire capsule was airtightly channel and embedded within the outer chamber 2 in a wind tunnel. 例如,可以将这气密通道嵌入在一个单元结构14中。 For example, these may be embedded in a gas-tight passage 14 cell structure.

[0043] 尽管以上描述了本发明的较佳实施例,但本发明不仅限于此。 [0043] Although the above description of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited thereto. 本领域的普通技术人员可以在以上描述的基础上进行各种变化和改变。 Those of ordinary skill in the art that various changes and modifications can be made on the basis of the above description.

[0044] 不脱离本发明精神的各种改变和变化都应落在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0044] without departing from the spirit of the invention various changes and modifications shall fall within the scope of the present invention. 本发明的保护范围由后附的权利要求书来限定。 By the scope of the invention as claimed in the appended claims is defined.

Claims (10)

1. 一种闭式循环的风洞系统,其特征在于,所述风洞系统包括:闭式气流循环系统,它包括内腔和包围所述内腔的外腔,其中所述外腔在其两端与所述内腔相连通;动力系统,用于提供动力,使气体在所述闭式气流循环系统中循环。 A closed cycle system of the wind tunnel, characterized in that the tunnel system comprising: a closed air circulation system, comprising a lumen and an outer lumen surrounding the lumen, wherein the outer chamber in its communicating with the lumen ends; power system for providing power, the gas stream circulating in the closed loop system.
2.如权利要求1所述的风洞系统,其特征在于,所述风洞系统是垂直风洞系统,所述内腔为气流上升流动区,所述外腔为气流下降流动区。 2. The tunnel system according to claim 1, wherein said vertical wind tunnel is a tunnel system of the system, the updraft flow area is a lumen, said outer chamber the flow area is decreased airflow.
3.如权利要求1或2所述的风洞系统,其特征在于,所述动力系统包括多个动力子系统,每个动力子系统根据动力需要被设置在所述外腔内的不同位置。 Tunnel system according to claim 12, wherein the power system comprises a plurality of power subsystems, each subsystem power according to the power required to be provided at different positions of the outer cavity.
4.如权利要求1或2所述的风洞系统,其特征在于,所述内腔包括至少一个收缩整流段和至少一个飞行舱。 4. The wind tunnel system according to claim 1, wherein the lumen comprises at least one constriction rectifying section and at least one flight chamber.
5.如权利要求1所述的风洞系统,其特征在于,所述内腔由横截面为圆形或多边形的内腔壁限定,且所述外腔由所述内腔壁和横截面为圆形或多边形的外腔壁限定。 5. The wind tunnel system according to claim 1, wherein the lumen of circular or polygonal cross section cavity wall defining an inner and outer chamber to the inner chamber wall and by the cross-sectional circular or polygonal outer cavity wall defined.
6.如权利要求5所述的风洞系统,其特征在于,所述闭式气流循环系统包括:主体结构,所述主体结构是筒状的框架结构,由多根短杆拼接而成,或者由至少一根长杆和多根短杆拼接而成,其中所述筒状的框架结构的内侧用于覆盖内腔壁,且外侧用于覆盖外腔壁。 6. The system of wind tunnel according to claim 5, characterized in that the closed air circulation system comprising: a main structure, the main structure is a tubular frame structure, a plurality of short bars are spliced ​​together, or stitching at least one long and short bars from the plurality, wherein the inner side of the tubular frame structure for covering the cavity wall, and an outer chamber wall for covering the outer side.
7.如权利要求6所述的风洞系统,其特征在于,所述主体结构包括沿所述主体结构的横截面的周边重复、或者沿所述主体结构的纵向重复的多个单元结构。 7. The wind tunnel system according to claim 6, wherein said body structure comprises a cross section along Zhou Bian repeating structures of the body, or repeated longitudinally of the body structure of a plurality of unit structures.
8.如权利要求7所述的风洞系统,其特征在于,每个所述单元结构是横截面为梯形、扇环、矩形、六边形或其它多边形的柱体结构。 8. The wind tunnel system according to claim 7, wherein each of said cell structure is a trapezoid cross section, the ring sector, rectangular, hexagonal or other polygonal pillar structure.
9.如权利要求7所述的风洞系统,其特征在于,每个所述单元结构是由12根短杆拼接而成的横截面为梯形的垂直柱体。 9. The wind tunnel system according to claim 7, wherein each of the unit structures are spliced ​​together by the studs 12 trapezoidal cross section vertical column.
10.如权利要求7中所述的风洞系统,其特征在于,还包括:气密通道,其连通所述内腔壁和所述外腔壁,供人从所述风洞系统外进入所述内腔中的飞行舱;和气密门,设置在所述气密通道与所述外腔壁和所述内腔壁的连接处。 10. The tunnel system according to claim 7, characterized in that, further comprising: a gas-tight passage which communicates the inner cavity wall and the outer chamber wall, for human entry into the system from outside the wind tunnel said flight chamber lumen; and airtight doors, disposed in the airtight chamber wall of the outer channel and the inner cavity wall connection.
CN 201010142621 2010-04-09 2010-04-09 Closed-cycle wind tunnel system with inner and outer cavities CN102213638B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010142621 CN102213638B (en) 2010-04-09 2010-04-09 Closed-cycle wind tunnel system with inner and outer cavities

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010142621 CN102213638B (en) 2010-04-09 2010-04-09 Closed-cycle wind tunnel system with inner and outer cavities

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102213638A true true CN102213638A (en) 2011-10-12
CN102213638B CN102213638B (en) 2013-04-24

Family

ID=44745038

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201010142621 CN102213638B (en) 2010-04-09 2010-04-09 Closed-cycle wind tunnel system with inner and outer cavities

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102213638B (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103063402A (en) * 2012-12-10 2013-04-24 中国飞机强度研究所 Testing device used for simulating propeller airflow and line spectrum noise of turboprop aircraft

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6083110A (en) * 1998-09-23 2000-07-04 Sky Venture, Inc. Vertical wind tunnel training device
CA2574043A1 (en) * 2004-07-30 2006-02-02 Skyventure, Llc Recirculating vertical wind tunnel skydiving simulator and reduced drag cable for use in wind tunnels and other locations
CN1851434A (en) * 2006-06-06 2006-10-25 刘晓萌 Power system lower vertical wind tunnel
CN101228070A (en) * 2005-12-21 2008-07-23 沃拉尔赛公司 Improved panoramic, vertical wind tunnel

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6083110A (en) * 1998-09-23 2000-07-04 Sky Venture, Inc. Vertical wind tunnel training device
CA2574043A1 (en) * 2004-07-30 2006-02-02 Skyventure, Llc Recirculating vertical wind tunnel skydiving simulator and reduced drag cable for use in wind tunnels and other locations
CN101228070A (en) * 2005-12-21 2008-07-23 沃拉尔赛公司 Improved panoramic, vertical wind tunnel
CN1851434A (en) * 2006-06-06 2006-10-25 刘晓萌 Power system lower vertical wind tunnel

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103063402A (en) * 2012-12-10 2013-04-24 中国飞机强度研究所 Testing device used for simulating propeller airflow and line spectrum noise of turboprop aircraft
CN103063402B (en) * 2012-12-10 2015-05-27 中国飞机强度研究所 Testing device used for simulating propeller airflow and line spectrum noise of turboprop aircraft

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CN102213638B (en) 2013-04-24 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US20100026007A1 (en) Apparatus and method for harvesting wind power using tethered airfoil
US20110006543A1 (en) Wind power system
CN101519913A (en) Construction method for lifting whole steel structural roof with large span and complicated design
US20110057453A1 (en) Tethered airborne wind-driven power generator
US20130043689A1 (en) Eddy Carrier Type Wind Power Collection Device
US20100143115A1 (en) Transfer of Kinetic Energy to and from Fluids
Hacklinger Theoretical and experimental investigation of indoor flying models
Inoue et al. Three-dimensional simulation study of flux rope dynamics in the solar corona
CN2784609Y (en) Wind power generator combined with blastoff balloon
WO2000032469A1 (en) Hybrid toroidal airship
CN201942405U (en) Front plate for escalators
CN202657236U (en) Elastic fishtail swing wing and flapping wing propulsion plant
CN1598464A (en) Rectification system with wing type air guiding plate at air intake of bottom of cooling tower
CN201367981Y (en) Vertical wind generator
CN201014892Y (en) Greenhouse type agricultural product solar drying facilities
CN203094369U (en) Folded structure of cargo hold C section general assembly
CN105857536A (en) Composite waterborne floating-body rack system for photovoltaic power generation and manufacturing process of composite waterborne floating-body rack system for photovoltaic power generation
CN201176703Y (en) Tripod for construction of hyperbola cooling tower cylinder
CN1928353A (en) Assembly and disassembly device for utilizing wind energy for wind electricity generator
CN201031521Y (en) Crossing arched gas-filled tent
US20130043687A1 (en) Air-Floating Carrier Type Wind Power Collection Device
CN202300868U (en) Wing ring, wing ring mechanism, vertical take off and landing aircraft, opposite-pull aircraft and wind power generation mechanism
CN102285457A (en) After the aircraft has an auxiliary power unit in the tail cone of the fuselage structure
CN2542559Y (en) Bionic airplane
CN202282101U (en) Multifunctional structure loading framework

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model